Skip to main content

Full text of "Missionary Visitor, The (1924)"

See other formats

Compliments o/ 

Gerxeral Mission. Board 
or Tar tmmmm-wm nxrtasn ^ 

E^ir\ Illir\oi5 



Church of the ^Brethren 

^X^ „^v^ 

Vol. XXV 

J&iranaary, 1924 

o. 1 

Salaams From India 







H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man- 

Chester, Ind. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that, these subscription terms do not include a subscription 
for every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or 
more, no matter how larg-e the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services, to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered, as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


IE? c 

k 1 

<?4 * 1 

• '" I 

1 1 



The Share Plan Opens the Doors 




and let the light of Jesus shine on 
the children of India and China? 

TICAL METHOD whereby Sunday- 
schools and individuals can do mis- 
sionary work and receive regular re- 
ports from the field where their money 
is being used. 

Write for information 


Church of the Brethren 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Beard 

Volume XXVI 

JANUARY, 1924 

No. 1 




Christian Ordinances: Their Observance in the Indian Church, By D. J. 

Lichty, 3 

Need and Place of Industrial Missions, By A. G. Butterbaugh, 5 

What Missions Are Doing in Industrial Work, By Arthur S. B. Miller, .. 7 

Medical Work in India, By A. Raymond Cottrell. M. D 10 

Evangelistic Work Among Educated Indians, By E. H. Eby, 15 

How Christ Fulfills India's Every Need, By B. F. Summer, 16 

China Notes, 18 


A School for Rural Pastors, By M. R. Zigler, 20 


Missionary News, 21 

Our Book Department, 22 


Biddy Black and Speckle, 23 

By the Evening Lamp, 24 

Nuts to Crack, 25 


India Editorials 

i. s. 

Is this the day for retrenchment? I 
should say it is, in case of sale of liquors, 
cigarettes, injurious drugs, etc. There 
might well be less time and money spent 
on mere sport, too. 

In the matter of the Lord's work, is this 
a time to retrench? Are the needs of the 
world less appalling today than yesterday? 
Rather more, since the great war, I fancy. 
The Bible is looked up to as authority to- 
day more than ever before. Jesus Christ 
is the Central Figure, high above all others, 
even in the East. I hear a voice from above 
saying, " Speak unto the children of Israel, 
that they go forward." 

It is an ill wind that blows nobody good. 


We are being forced to learn anew that it 
is not by money, mighty though it is, nor by 
education, valuable though it is, but " by 
my Spirit, saith the Lord of hosts," that we 
are to win in this spiritual warfare. Poor 
native Christians are being forced the soon- 
er into independence of the mission. Many 
will be parasites as long as we allow them 
to be. If, during these trying days, we 
really learn to trust him whence comes all 
our help, we shall learn a wondrous secret. 

Under the wonderful influence of Mr. 
Gandhi the Hindus and Mahomedans were 
fast being fused into one people. Now that 
he is in jail, and his influence naturally 
waning, the old spirit of enmity and rival- 

gi e>e> 

The Missionary Visitor 


ry is reasserting itself and in several places 
serious disturbances have taken place. This 
inability to pull together is an argument for 
the foreign government. 

Moreover, as a result of many of the low 
castes and untouchables having joined the 
Christian and Mahomedan communities, 
even the unmissionary Hindus are awaking 
and are turning missionary right before our 
eyes. In Anklesvar, over a large house, in 
glaring letters are the words " Hindu Mis- 
sion," and they are at work opening night 
schools among Bhils and lower castes. The 
mission's methods are being adopted al- 
most to the letter. 

The near future is going to witness, I 
dare say, a time of great rivalry and re- 
vival of religion in India. Some thousands 
of Hindus, who just a few years ago be- 
came nominal Mahomedans, have recently, 
due to Hindu missionary operations, been 
" purified " and taken back into the Hindu 
fold. This took place this year in North 
India, and it is something " new under the 
sun." A few days ago a Mahomedan 
preacher remarked, while at the depot here 
at Anklesvar, that he had just tied thirty- 
eight kanties (strings) on the necks of 
Bhils, meaning he had won them to Mahom- 
edanism. A Hindu missionary told me not 
long ago that from Gujarat some twenty- 
five Christians and Mahomedans are puri- 
fied and turned back into the Hindu fold, 
every week. For this rite they go to Bom- 
bay. I am not inclined to believe these re- 
ports, in full. 

The feeling against white domination in 
the East is not lessening, I fear. The de- 
cision of the British Government, to reserve 
the uplands for Europeans in the Kenya 
colony, East Africa, has greatly incensed 
educated Indians. We Americans also are 
ridiculed, for has not our Supreme Court 
ruled that no Indians may become American 
citizens ? 

Missionaries do not longer boast of their 
superior civilization, nor dare they say that 
Christianity has been tried and proved in 
the West. The white man's sins are too 
evident to be hidden longer. Oh, the cruel 
war the Christians waged! Hindus and 
Mahomedans rarely drink liquor. Only low 
castes and outcastes do. The East knows 
the white man drinks and imports intoxi- 
cants into the East, as well. A Hindu edi- 

tor writes : " The Christian missionary has 
to admit today that the Christian experi- 
ment has not been a conspicuous success at 
home, and that his chief source of inspira- 
tion is that it may be a greater success in 
India." A sincere missionary can only sad- 
ly admit the need for real religion in his 
own country. 

Anyhow, there is amongst the educated 
classes little desire to join our several de- 
nominations. Our teachers say, now and 
again : " There is very much written against 
the Christian religion these days. Books 
and papers come to us, saying things that 
surprise us. Both Hindus and Mahomedans 
write against us." 

On the other hand, there is a real and 
distinct turning of the heart of educated 
India toward the figure of our Christ. I 
tremble with shame as I feel like confessing 
that missionaries do not know how to foster 
and increase this interest and bring it to a 
successful issue. Are we too hidebound on 
the one hand, and too cowardly on the 
other, to win these leaders to Christ? 

Under the auspices of the Theosophical 
Society, a universal Brotherhood Society 
was launched in Bombay recently. Chris- 
tianity has failed in this respect, they argue. 
" Dare nations that fought in the great war 
claim to be followers of the great Prophet, 
Jesus Christ, who proclaimed true Brother- 
hood?" You see our Christ is all right, but 
we are not like him! Is there a pang in 
your heart, therefore? 

Yet " are baptisms the only test of the 
progress of Christianity? Is it not a proof 
of the onward march of our Christ, that the 
best Hindu society is saturated with Chris- 
tian principles, ideals, motives, and that 
Jesus of Nazareth is avowedly the Hero 
and Pattern of social workers, even in 
Hindu India? If the upper classes have not 
acknowledged him as their personal Savior, 
it is only because his hour has not yet 
come in India. But it is coming slowly, but 

Not long ago a well-educated Hindu gen- 
tleman, riding in the same car with me, 
asked what I think of India's aspirations for 
self government, of Mr. Gandhi, etc. He 
naturally considers the British Government 
repressive, and because Indians are not put 
on a level with other races in the British 
realm, that " this Christian government " 

Ja ?9lP 

The Missionary Visitor 

does not practice the principles of Jesus 
Christ. "And," said he, much to my sur- 
prise, " the rest of you Christian nation- 
alities are no better. You not only do not 
practice the principles of Jesus Christ, but 
have actually forgotten them, while we 
India people, noncooperators, are proud 
that we are the real Christians of today." 

Recently a national church has been 
organized at Madras, with Mr. T. J. Rath- 
nam as first pastor. Its aim is complete in- 
dependence from foreign supervision, for- 
eign money, foreign sectarianism, foreign 
hymnology, and foreign theology. Rev. 
Kingsbury, a leading Indian, ordained the 
above-mentioned as priest by the imposi- 
tion of hands and putting the mark of the 
cross with olive oil on the pastor's head, 
forehead, palm of the hands and chest. A 
Hindu editor writes, "We welcome this 
movement for Indian Christianity on Indian 

Indian Catholicism is also evolving in the 

direction of a national church, by the con- 
secration of Indians as bishops. The in- 
stallation of Monsignor F. T. Roche as the 
first Indian bishop took place this year at 
Tuticorin. Among those greeting the new 
bishop were the trustees of a Hindu temple 
and the leading Mahomedan citizens of the 
city, all of whom garlanded the bishop and. 
received his blessing, as if he were their 
own priest. The new bishop was visibly 
moved at this. 

Perhaps the determined resolve amongst 
all missionaries to undertake afresh the 
work of village education, and to try in a 
new way to make good where usually all 
agree that we have succeeded very poorly, 
is one of the most important developments 
of the year. 

The two matters of prime concern as 
regards India missions is, I should say, the 
great interest in the Person of our Lord 
Jesus, and the new hope that we are now on 
the way to the adoption of educational 
methods that have been tried and proved. 

Christian Ordinances: Their Observance in the 

Indian Church 


IN all religious observances in India, cere- 
mony and ritual play a very prominent 
part. That the majority of the devo- 
tees are ignorant of the significance of these 
ceremonies is a peculiarity not of the people 
of India alone. More or less it is a fault of 
professors of religion the world over to be 
satisfied with the shell of religion instead 
of appropriating for their use what the shell 
contains. Vast multitudes do not know that 
there is a kernel. Others do not know how 
to avail themselves of it, while others find 
it too troublesome to open and look into the 
shell. So if it develops in the course of this 
article, or from the private observation of 
others, that our Indian Christians are faulty 
in their observance of the ordinances and 
ceremonies of God's house, let every reader 
first test his own understanding of them as 
well as his motives for their observance be- 
fore he judges his weaker brother. 

To start with, it is necessary to say that 
there is a growing conviction among Indians, 

both Christian and non-Christian, that forms 
and ceremonies of the Christian church, which 
are a by-product of the development of the 
church in the West, frequently are not well 
adapted to fulfill the requirements of the 
church in the East. In so far as this con- 
tention has to do with the variety and 
elaborateness of the forms and places of wor- 
ship it can be readily conceded. This is also 
true of the music and hymnology used in 
worship. Allowance must be made for the 
mental and spiritual temperament peculiar to 
the oriental type of man. . 

No one, however, dare admit that the 
ordinances prescribed and recommended by 
Christ himself are not of universal applica- 
tion and extremely profitable, if intelligently 
and whole-heartedly carried out. None of 
our Lord's teachings are of mere local im- 

In India, where bathing, especially among 
the Hindus, is commonly practiced for both 
the cleansing of the body and the inner man, 

The Missionary Visitor 


water baptism by immersion should, and 
does in a most appealing manner, signify to 
all how a follower of Christ should be 
cleansed from his sins and walk in new- 
ness of life. At the same time, the re- 
membrance of his own baptism and the 
frequent witness of the rite performed on 
others is as good a reminder to an Indian 
Christian of his vows of fidelity to God and 
his Christ as the tying of the sacred thread 
helps the " twice born " Hindu to be faith- 
ful to his Brahminical vows. More than 
any other thing, in the estimation of the 
non-Christians of India, baptism is the rite 
which dissociates a man from his former at- 
tachments and plants him in a new sphere 
and environment. 

It is eminently fitting and proper that 
the means by which all men are to be con- 
stantly reminded of what a loving Father 
has done for his children, is doing for them 
now, and wishes to do for them in the future 
to save them from their sins unto the liv- 
ing of the more abundant life, should be 
couched in symbols which remind us of 
Christ's broken body and shed blood. And 
who than Christ himself has more right or 

a higher wisdom to determine for all be- 
lievers what should best symbolize his death 
and suffering and perpetually show God's 
outstretched arms to his wayward and for- 
getful children? Whether in East or West, 
only those who do not love their Lord be- 
little the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, 
and all over the world those who love him ob- 
serve it with gladness and profit. 

Did Christ have in mind the Hindu gurus, 
whose feet the devotee having washed 
drinks the water, and who instead of serv- 
ing, loves to be served? Did he know of 
the pride and oppression involved in the 
modern caste system of India? If so he 
could not have devised a better method to 
teach the people of India or any other 
country, by contrast, what are the true 
marks of a real guru and the true road to 
greatness than when he washed his disci- 
ples' feet. Our Indian brethren readily con- 
cede that since their Lord and Master washed 
his disciples' feet they ought to wash each 
other's feet as a reminder of their constant 
duty and attitude to each other in every- 
day life. 

(Continued on Page 14) 

Baptism is the rite which dissociates a man from his former attachments."— D. J. L. 



The Missionary Visitor 

We Make Our Industrial Training Practiced 

Need and Place of Industrial Missions 


AT this stage of religious, educational, 
social and industrial development of 
India, to which it has rapidly awak- 
ened, one might be disinclined to stress the 
need and place of industrial missions in this 
development. But India, possibly more than 
any other country today, still needs to be 
taught the dignity of labor and the economic 
value of an industrial profession properly 

It is not the purpose of this article to 
show that too much stress has been placed 
on religious, educational, or social progress ; 
but rather to indicate how progress in these 
lines may not only be made possible to 
a greater extent, but the impossibility, as 
well, of there' being a permanent, all-around 
success without being accompanied by in- 
dustrial mission work. 

Unlike America, India is made up of 
numerous small villages or groups of grass 
huts, and so has largely a rural popula- 
tion. Less than 10 per cent of the people 
live in cities of 5,000 population or over. 

This means that a very large percentage of 
India's people are dependent upon the soil 
for a livelihood. Think of the poverty of 
these village people ! Few of them have 
an average daily income of more than 6 
annas (12 cents) ; and many of them less 
than this. It is estimated that one-third 
of India's people go to bed hungry, and about 
two-thirds of the children are underfed. 
This all sums itself up in this, that any 
solution to the problem of evangelizing India 
must deal with rural conditions ; and not 
only so, but it must be a solution that will 
make it possible for our converts to live 
a consistent Christian life through honest 
toil and economy. Otherwise our Christians 
in the future may become little better than 
spiritual parasites. 

Industrial trades may not be so closely re- 
lated to rural conditions, or dependent on a 
rural population for their development, to 
as great an extent, as agriculture ; for many 
of these do and must necessarily be de- 
veloped in cities. But this depends largely 

The Missionary Visitor 


upon the kind of industry, or rather the 
way, and to what extent the industry is 
developed. That is to say, there are factory 
industries and also home industries. Both 
of these have a place in solving the economic 
problem, and both are being developed in 
India ; the former more particularly by the 
government, as it is establishing agricultural 
colleges and mechanical and industrial 
schools. These are meeting a great need, 
but they reach mostly the upper classes or 
those of higher education, and do not di- 
rectly reach and meet the needs of the 
poorer classes of villagers. Here is where 
industrial missions need to come forward and 
respond to their great opportunity. 

This leads to the important point of mak- 
ing our industrial training practical. In so 
far as possible the student should be taught 
to make something useful from the very 
beginning. Teaching the proper use of the 
various tools, while in itself important, 
should not be made an aim within itself. 
The doing or making of something worth 
while will be an incentive for putting forth 
an honest effort, with the result that a bet- 
ter product will be turned out, and the boy 
will have had the satisfaction of knowing 
that his first efforts have not been in vain. 

Closely associated with this is the need 
of teaching such trades as will be applicable 

to the needs of the local community. There 
is, however, a class of trades, such as mason- 
ry, brickmaking, carpentry, cabinet-making, 
blacksmithing, etc., that are common to 
nearly every locality. And these, properly 
taught, under competent teachers, should 
turn out workmen sufficiently skilled to make 
a success of their trade, and at the same 
time it would in no way lead them away 
from their home community. For, however 
skilled a workman may be, if his training 
takes him from his home community, in- 
stead of back among his people, to teach 
them how to make a better success in their 
respective lines of work, to show them a 
Christian example, the industrial mission will 
not have served its proper end. 

When we see the poverty of the people, 
and their immediate needs, our first im- 
pulse may be to reach down in our pockets 
and do a benevolent act, which would re- 
lieve the temporary need, but would fail 
to relieve the cause. I would not discredit 
cooperative banking societies. These I think 
are a necessity, and if properly conducted 
on a guaranteed basis can be made a suc- 
cess. But would it not be a better plan 
to teach the people how to make more 
money from their fields ; to raise bigger 
crops with less cost of production, and at 
the same time to increase the fertility of 

^^ V:r a^H 

1 9 



HHi '*^i 

' ■*> x 


* _™ lfcjpP* 

if Jk 

if * sEad 


fe? y 

~ ^6^1** 


Pottery Is Common in Almost Every Village 


The Missionary Visitor 

the soil? Would it not be better to teach 
them how to turn out a better product, 
with a higher market value, at less cost 
of production? We would thus be putting 
a premium on their work that would cause 
others to desire to do the same thing; to 
be a man with just such influence. If this 
can be true of our Christian-trained men 
we will incidentally be putting a premium 
on Christianity, which I think is not un- 
justifiable ; we must somehow make some- 
thing more than mere goodness the goal 
for our Christian citizens, else we will fail 
in the very thing we have come to do. For 
when we have helped our Christians to 
lead a successful life, economically, we will 
have done a great deal toward helping them 
to lead a successful spiritual life. 

Finally, when we have successfully taught 
and helped our Christians to establish a 
legitimate trade we will have solved the 
problem of a self-supporting, self-propagat- 
ing church. We can not, and would not 
want to if we could, employ and support 
all of our Christian converts. We must make 
independent workers of most of them, and 
help them to feel that it is their duty to 
support the church to which they have vowed 
their allegiance. At this time of growing 
financial strain in the homeland a self-sup- 
porting Indian church must be the goal to- 
ward which we shall speedily work; and in- 
dustrial missions will find they have a right- 
ful place beside religious and educational 
work in attaining this goal. 

What Missions Are Doing in Industrial Work 


ACCORDING to the latest directory of 
Christian missions there are among 
the missions of India 177 industrial 
schools, 92 farm colonies, and 102 coopera- 
tive societies, in addition to many es- 
tablished by government. These agencies 
have had no small part in the progress of 
mission work in India. 

Let us look into these various phases of 
work and see something of their purpose 
and scope. 

Now, just what are these organizations 
and what are they for, you may ask. They 
are for the purpose of advancing credit, 
first of all. In addition, they may be used 
for the purpose of marketing products, or 
as agencies for the purchase of seed and 
supplies, as needed by the cultivators. In 
short, they are organizations through which 
agricultural interests may be promoted co- 
operatively. They help the farmer to get 
away from the " claws " of the money 
lender, who extorts exorbitant rates of in- 
terest, ranging from 50 to 150 per cent per 
annum. Or it helps the farmer to market 
his goods profitably without being depend- 
ent upon the " sharks " who stand around 
to get his products at an unreasonably low 
price. Where properly managed a co- 
operative society is a "godsend" to the 

You may also ask, What is the necessity of 
organizing, especially for Christian farmers, 
when the government is ready to establish 
such agencies? It is to be remembered 
that, while not all, a very large percentage 
of the Christian population of India is from 
lower castes and classes, and for the most 
part these people are poor and ignorant. 
In India these classes are known as the 
depressed classes, i. e., they are imposed 
upon by the higher castes. At every turn 
of the road the educated or high-caste man 
is ready to keep the poor Christian from 
getting the benefit of these organizations ; 
so, to protect these people, missions have 
endeavored to help them. 

The " farm-colonies," referred to, are 
tracts of land leased or purchased through 
the influence of missions for the purpose of 
renting to Christians or selling to them at 
nominal rates and on reasonable terms of 
payment. The purpose in mind, first of all, 
was to establish Christian communities; 
second, to make these Christians self-sup- 
porting, and along with that, self-supporting 
churches; and third, it gave the opportunity 
for educating and training these Christians 
in a way which would not otherwise have 
been possible. Now, to say that on the whole 
this work has been successful, and that the 
aim was reached, would be a much exag- 


The Missionary Visitor 


gerated statement. In many cases they have 
been quite successful, while in others they 
have been a failure, financially as well as 
from the point of view of establishing 
strong communities. Yet our own neighbor- 
ing mission (the Irish Presbyterian) has a 
number of such colonies and they are con- 
sidered a success, which shows that the 
project is a worthy one when properly 

Industrial, or rather vocational, educa- 
tion is the topic of the day. The 177 in- 
dustrial schools, already established, have 
come about through a gradual evolution 
and growth. In early days, due to famine 
conditions, large numbers of children were 
gathered together by the various missions. 
These children for the most part were from 
the poorer classes, and in many cases were 

Rice-Planting in the Monsoon Season 

without parents ; therefore, they were prac- 
tically adopted by those who took them in. 
It was not a temporary arrangement for 
feeding hungry bodies, but also one of 
training young minds and hearts for the 
service of the Lord. The first thought of 
missionaries was to give them an education 
and a thorough Christian training. It did 
not take missionaries long to discover that 
all these young minds were not, nor would 
they ever be, qualified for Christian service 
directly as workers. Therefore it was neces- 
sary to work out a system of training which 
would fit them for life, that they would be 
able to go out into the economic world and 
compete with the best minds. It did not 
take long to discover, either, that all of 
these minds were not, nor would they ever 
be, able to go very far in literary education, 
so here was another reason for working 
out a program which would be adaptable 
to definite needs. Missions had a definite 
obligation, and they wanted to meet it to 

the very best possible advantage. Time 
went on. The crop of children, gathered 
during the great famine, passed out, but 
other children were gathered from the im- 
mediate villages who needed and desired 
education. The Christian community grew, 
and from it children came ; so that the 
orphanages developed into boarding schools, 
and out of this system of schools developed 
the industrial education. 

The industries or trades used in these 
schools, in order of prominence, are some- 
thing like this : carpentry, weaving, mason- 
ry, agriculture. Other minor industries were 
introduced, but these for the greater part 
are the most important. 

Again you may ask, What is the Church 
of the Brethren Mission doing in these 
various lines of endeavor and with what 

With regard to cooperative societies, as 
outlined above, we have done nothing in 
the way of establishing what might be 
called strictly cooperative societies. How- 
ever, the present plan is to establish one at 
each mission station, just as soon as that 
can be done. It might be added that these 
societies, while under mission supervision, 
should be financed largely through local 
capital and should be self-supporting and 
not dependent upon foreign capital. It 
should be stated further that these societies 
are intended to be a place of investment for 
those who may have money for that pur- 

For a number of years we have had a 
farm colony at Vali, in Raj Pipla State, 
where land was purchased by the mission 
and rented to worthy Christian farmers. 
Young men were attracted there and the 
work was closely supervised. Then, due to 
pressure of missionary's duties, close super- 
vision was not kept over the work, and the 
farmers accumulated more debts than were 
good for their progress. Some became dis- 
couraged and left. At present there are 
still some on the job, and now they desire 
to buy the land, and a plan is on foot where- 
by this may be done in such a way that they 
may make purchases at current prices and 
on reasonable terms. 

Should we say this project has been a 
failure? If we should measure it as a 
strictly financial proposition, and close the 
books today, we would scarcely be able to 



The Missionary Visitor 

The Buffalo-Cow Is the Producer of Good, Rich Milk in India 

say otherwise; still, the original purpose 
has not been lost, that there be established 
a Christian community. And we think that 
in the next ten years the financial project 
will be a success. We desire that the men 
who hope to have land of their own may be 
given that opportunity without getting into 
the claws of the money lender, which will 
mean certain failure. 

We, as a mission, have not been behind in 
industrial training. While greatest emphasis 
has been placed on carpentry in former 
years, at present more and more emphasis 
is attached to gardening and agriculture. 
Boys who, in earlier days, were in school, 
learned carpentry along with their literary 
subjects, and are now competing with men 
of other communities. Not only that, but 
they are making a good living, and are in- 
dependent and a real credit to the Chris- 
tian community. Still further, if we con- 
sider the influence of these men as they 
work among non-Christians, we must real- 
ize what their daily testimony means to 
those with whom they come in contact. 

The agricultural work, while a newer 
project in our mission, is growing in im- 
portance. It has not been established suffi- 
ciently to be a real training, as we would 
have it, being conducted largely on a prac- 
tical basis, i. e., the boys work in the gar- 
dens or fields during spare hours. True, 

they are getting practical experience, but 
they have a tendency to feel that their work 
is drudgery rather than that this is an oppor- 
tunity to learn the basic industry of India. 
This year at Vali there are twenty-five 
acres under cultivation, five of which are in 
garden and the remainder in field crops. 
The garden is the best in the neighborhood 
and the field crops are far ahead of any in 
the community — a living testimony of good 
methods. We believe that, with a few in- 
expensive experiments in methods of plant- 
ing, a great deal can be demonstrated to 
surrounding farmers and thereby a great 
service may be rendered. Also, with some 
definite instruction in the school, and proj- 
ects in agriculture properly organized for 
them, they will come to see the attractive 
side of this industry. 

The ever-increasing emphasis placed up- 
on the importance of agricultural education 
by missions is a testimony that it is an es- 
sential part of the Christian training pro- 
gram. Government also is establishing 
schools for this purpose in each district. 
Why should it not be so where over 80 
per cent of the people of India live in the 
rural districts? Should they not be trained 
for rural life? 

We might add further that the failure in 
the economic projects mentioned in this 

(Continued on Page 14) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Medical Work in India 


the work 
of the physician 
is to relieve pain 
and restore 
health to as great 
an extent as pos- 
sible, but the dis- 
eases which he 
has to combat, 
and the condi- 
tions under which 
he works, vary- 
greatly in differ- 
ent parts of the 

In all countries 
privation, where 
it exists, is a pro- 
lific source of dis- 
ease, and India 
is one of the 
where a consider- 
a b 1 e proportion 
of the population 
lives in a condi- 
tion, not only of 
privation, but of 

There Are Millions in India penury and des- 
for Whom Life Is but a . . , T , 

Mere Existence tltution. Not only 

are most of the people without the comforts 
of life, but many millions lack in part even 
its necessities. One of the causes of this con- 
dition is the economic situation. Common la- 
bor receives from ten to twenty-four cents 
a day. Skilled (?) labor, such as masons and 
carpenters, is paid from sixty to ninety 
cents a day. A recent investigation of 2,473 
families revealed the fact that the total 
average family income was less than $17 
(Rs. 52) per month. True, their work is 
often so inefficiently done that they are not 
worth more, but, on the other hand, food- 
stuffs cost so much that the common laborer 
seldom has enough to keep himself and fam- 
ily physically fit, so they fall an easy prey 
to disease. 

As an example of what such an economic 

condition means to India, as a whole, we 
may refer to the result of some surveys 
made in connection with malaria. As many 
of you know, malaria happens to be one of 
the most common diseases of India. It is 
said to be responsible for more than a mil- 
lion deaths a year, besides causing untold 
suffering and disability. Research studies 
have shown that on the average the disa- 
bility and death rate due to malaria is in 
direct proportion to the economic status of 
the people affected. In any given area the 
poorest section of the population always 
has a proportionally greater number of 
cases of malaria, suffers more days of disa- 
bility and has a higher death rate than 
exists among those whose physical condi- 
tion is better. For this reason the problem 
of ridding a community in India of disease 
is often as much a question of food as of 
drugs. There are millions in India for 
whom life is not life at all in the American 
sense of the term, but a mere existence, and 
a precarious one at that. Because of this 
economic, disease-productive situation the 
medical workers can well endorse the ef- 
forts of their industrial-agricultural fellow 
missionaries, for their success lessens the 
medical problems and work. 

Ignorance is another fertile source of 
disease, and nowhere more so than in a 
tropical country. In India as a whole only 
about ten in a hundred of the men, and one 
in. a hundred of the women, can read and 
write. Compare this with your own communi- 
ty. Wherever such illiteracy as this exists 
we may expect to find the general hygienic 
conditions appalling. Educational measures 
b}' means of charts, pamphlets, newspapers, 
etc., are discouragingly slow because so few 
can read, and your ideas must be dissem- 
inated by word of mouth rather than by the 
printed page. 

Either privation or ignorance alone is bad 
enough, but where there is a widespread 
combination of the two, as there is in In- 
dia, you may well imagine that there is much 
to be done by the medical missionary. A 
high degree of illiteracy works in two ways 
in increasing the amount of disease and 
suffering. In the first place, the prevailing 


The Missionary Visitor 


ignorance as to matters of hygiene is a very 
fruitful source of trouble. In the second 
place, there are comparatively few Indians 
who have ever had, or can have, the oppor- 
tunity of receiving medical training along 
scientific lines. So, not only are the num- 
bers of sick and suffering greatly increased, 
but the number of those qualified to take 
part in the prevention and cure of disease 
is radically lessened. In the United States 
there were in 1923 eighty medical colleges 
in which there were 17,432 students. India, 
with three times the population of the 
United States, has only five medical colleges, 
in which there are 3,043 students. Do you 
wonder that qualified medical practitioners 
are few and far between, and that in In- 
dia millions live and die without ever having 
had the care of a trained physician? 

The net result of the general poverty and 
ignorance of the people is that a town of 
one thousand inhabitants in India will have 
nearly three times as many deaths in a year 
as the same-size town in the United States. 
The birth rate among Indians is much 
higher than among Americans, but on the 
other hand the infant mortality rate in 
India is terrible. On the average it is more 
than seven times as high as in America, and 
in some places runs as much as twenty 
times as high. Imagine a place where sixty- 
five out of every hundred babies die be- 
fore they are a year old! In Bombay, in 
1919, 652 babies out of every thousand died 
before they reached the age of twelve 

Our facilities in the mission dispensary 
at Bulsar are very simple, and we can give 
but a few minutes to each patient on the 
average, but this simple and all-too-limited 
service is helpful in many ways. Naturally 
the Christian community, by reason of their 
nearness and their willingness to avail 
themselves of our help and advice, benefit 
more than any other one class. An inter- 
esting side light on the difference that this 
makes is seen in the markedly lower death 
rate of the Christian children. It is so 
much lower than the average among the 
non-Christians that non-Christians often ask 
us why the Christian children live and their 
own die. We tell them that better health 
and longer life is one of the by-products of 
Christianity and the Bible. Wouldn't they 
like to know more of a religion whose by- 

products even are so desirable? Their ques- 
tion gives us a very good point of contact 
and opportunity of giving them some of the 
Gospel Message. See? 

As to the diseases of India. India has all 
that you have in the States and in addition 
some which are found only in tropical 
countries. In the reports given out by 
government, " fevers " is by far the largest 
group. Chief among the fevers is malaria. 
Other diseases coming under this heading 
are typhoid, measles, scarlet fever, dengue, 
seven-day fever, sand-fly fever, etc. The 
next largest group are those classified as 
diseases of the respiratory system. These 
are pneumonia, bronchitis, diphtheria, etc. 
Next comes the intestinal group of diarrhea, 
dysentery, sprue and the like. These at 
times are a veritable scourge. Other large 
groups are cholera, smallpox and plague. 
Fortunately we have had but few serious 
outbreaks of these diseases in our own im- 
mediate localities, but they are always pres- 
ent to some extent and in India as a whole 
are a formidable source of trouble. 

A considerable percentage of patients have 
skin disease of some kind or other. This is 
but to be expected among a people as poor 
and unlearned as these. Chief among dis- 
eases of the skin are itch, ringworm, impeti- 
go (sores), and leprosy. Another large 
group of cases are those having eye or ear 
trouble. Often the eye cases come after it 
is impossible to save the eye or sight, but 
at least we try to relieve the pain. 

To those who may be thinking of taking 
up work in a foreign country I may say that 
one of our greatest difficulties was adapting 
our American training to suit Indian con- 
ditions, economic and otherwise. Take a 
case of pneumonia by way of illustration, 
for we get many pneumonia patients. As a 
graduate of a first-class medical school and 
hospital you know very well what to do for 
a case of pneumonia in America. Hospitals, 
with good nursing care, are nearly always 
available if desired. In any case you can 
count on reasonably intelligent care and co- 
operation from the* patient's own family and 
friends. Few patients are unable to pay 
even several dollars a day as long as neces- 
sary, and for those who cannot, a charity 
ward in a hospital may be had. By way of 
contrast picture one of our patients here. 
You have recently landed from America. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Where the Drs. Cottrell Started Their Medical Work 

You find a patient lying on the ground in 
front of your house. You can tell at a glance 
that he has pneumonia. You find out that 
he has been sick anywhere from four to 
seven days, and that he has either walked 
or come in a bullock cart from his village, 
five miles away. He has a temperature of 
104 or 105 and other sympttoms to corre- 
spond. You have no hospital, you have no 
nurses, but you do have a very sick patient 

on your hands and you are expected to cure 
him. Sometimes he has one or more friends 
with him, sometimes he has not. He prob- 
ably has about eight cents in money with 
which to pay you. He may have as much as 
thirty-two cents, and occasionally even a 
little more than that, but you had better 
figure on the lesser sum. He is just as sick 
as the American patient, same disease, and 
needs the same care and medicines. You 

23.000 Calls Were Made at the Bulsar Mission Dispensary in 12 Months. 2,000 People Pass 

on the Dispensary Road Daily 


The Missionary Visitor 


have a limited stock of drugs, but they cost 
more than in the States, because we have to 
pay the transportation and customs charges 
in addition to the American or English 
prices. The question is not what to do for 
the case in America, but what can you do 
for this poor fellow lying on the floor or on 
a bench in front of you? Whatever you do 
must be largely within his own financial 
means, else the sums required from the 
church at home become too large, and on the 
other hand you must use all the means 
available, else he die. 

As a matter of information it may be men- 
tioned that during the last twelve months 
more than twenty-three thousand calls were 
made at the Bulsar mission dispensary. This 
gives an average of some seventy-five pa- 
tients per day, besides friends and relatives. 
It is interesting to note that the number of 
men and women patients was almost exact- 
ly equal. 

As a means of making friends and of 
opening up new fields for work, the medical 
work has no equal. The reason is because 
pain knows no caste lines. Sometime or 
other everyone, high or low, rich or poor, 
educated or ignorant, old or young, will 
have an ache or a pain that he wishes to 
get rid of, and then he thinks of the doctor. 
Thus, sooner or later, all who are within 
reach of a doctor avail themselves of his 

services. Now, after you have helped a per- 
son physically and given him relief from 
pain, he will usually, as a matter of common 
courtesy, if not from gratitude, pay re- 
spectful attention to whatever you may have 
to say along other lines. Here lies our op- 
portunity for giving the Gospel Message to 
many who under any other circumstances 
would refuse to listen. 

One more phase of the work may be men- 
tioned. In all missions the mission doctors 
are naturally responsible to a considerable 
degree for the health of all the missionaries 
in that area. Our own missionaries are 
located in nine different stations, and it 
means traveling two hundred miles to visit 
Umalla-Vali on the north, and four hundred 
miles to visit Vada (via Kalyan) on the 
south. It takes four days to make a round 
trip to Ahwa, on the east side of our mis- 
sion territory. The other stations are more 
easily reached. Though widely scattered all 
look to the mission doctors for medical ad- 
vice and care, and you may imagine the 
perplexing problems which occasionally 
arise under these conditions and the con- 
tinual sense of responsibility which rests 
upon one. 

Then, too, if there is an unusually difficult 
or very serious case, there is no going to 
the telephone and calling a colleague or 
near-by hospital for help. There is no tele- 

Where the Missionaries Go When They Are Sick. The Residence of Our " Beloved Physicians," Bulsar 


The Missionary Visitor 


phone, and your nearest colleague probably 
is a hundred miles or more distant and just 
as busy as you are. Do you wonder that 
more doctors have been called for for India? 

Verily, mission doctors everywhere need 
to pray often and fervently for Divine wis- 
dom and guidance. 

Bulsar, India. 


(Continued from Page 9) 

article have been due to a lack of trained 
leadership. Special emphasis is being placed 
upon vocational education these days, that 
this imperative need be met. Where can 
we hope to train men of character except 
where the Spirit of Jesus is the predom- 
inating Influence in that training? Cer- 
tainly, we could not expect it to be done 
where non-Christians make up the teaching 
staff, such as is the case in government 
schools. Missions have a very definite and 
heavy responsibility in this very definite 


(Continued from Page 4) 

Our Indian love feasts are usually well 
attended. It is almost literally true that 
some of our people do not " have' houses to 
eat in," and some who have houses have very 
little to eat. So it is not surprising that 
some come merely for the meal. Yet is there 
anything better adapted to teach them the 
lessons of fraternity and equality than to 
amicably partake with others of this com- 
mon meal? Besides any strictly spiritual 
significance attached to this feast there is 
also discipline to be gotten out of it, since 
it is not an ordinary feast and will not admit 
of the usual amount of noise and confusion 
incident to ordinary festivities. 

Most of our Indian church membership 
comes from the poor and illiterate classes. 
At the time of entering into the church, bap- 
tism can mean little else than the rite which 
initiates them into a benevolent society for 
the amelioration of their economic and 
social disabilities. The deeper meaning of 
this holy rite dawns on them gradually, as 
they are more fully taught and come under 
Christian influence. It is feared that some 

never catch the vision of what Christ wants 
them to become. 

Until our Christians learn the meaning 
and significance of the eucharisticaremblems, 
the cup goes to their lips but often returns 
with the contents untouched. To drink blood, 
the literal blood of Christ, as they think, is 
repulsive. Hindus do not use a common 
drinking vessel, even in their own homes. 
After a good bit of discussion in a recent 
session of the District Conference of the 
First District of India, a method for 
serving the communion cup in all our 
churches, adapted to the needs and customs 
of the people, was adopted. It was conceded 
that what matters most is Christ's "drink 
ye all of it," and not the kind or number of 
cups used. It is not convenient to wash feet 
around Indian tables, spread on the ground 
or floor. It is accomplished more orderly 
and in accordance with the fitness of things, 
to one side, which is merely an adaptation 
of the means for doing what Jesus said we 
should do. 

Considering the customs and economic limi- 
tations of the Christians of this country 
it is difficult to provide a system of church 
finance and of church housing that will be 
consistent with any hope we may have to 
make the church self-supporting and propa- 
gating. The most that we have become 
sure of is that Western methods of church 
finance and housing will have to be con- 
siderably modified to be of real and last- 
ing use to India. 

Space will not permit of going into de- 
tail into this interesting subject. Suffice it to 
say that the principle of adaptation of method 
in the observance of the teachings and 
ordinances of Christ is sought in guidance of 
the Indian church towards self-support and 


" Watch Night," the last night of the old 
year, is so called because of the time- 
honored custom of "watching and pray- 
ing " the old year out and the new year 
in. It is not too early to begin planning 
for it now. Some of the reasons for ob- 
serving it are given below: 

1. Because the " assembling of ourselves 
together " is scriptural, and to forsake this 
(Continued on Page 19) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Evangelistic Work Among Educated Indians 

E. H. EBY 

THE influence exerted by educated men 
and women of India is in inverse pro- 
portion to their numbers. Among the 
men, fewer than ten in a hundred, and 
among the women, but one in a hundred, 
can lay claim to be, in any considerable de- 
gree, educated. Yet these few privileged 
people are the virtual rulers of the land, 
religiously, politically, and economically. 

Public education under the direction of the 
government is giving the non-Brahman a 
part of the advantage which for centuries 
was held by the proud Brahmans. Learn- 
ing was in their hand, and they were jealous- 
ly careful to keep it there. Even today the 
home rule movement reveals dangerous signs 
of being a movement for Brahman rule. 

However, the new nationalistic spirit finds 
its adherents as well as leaders among the 
educated class. Mr. Gandhi, the leader of the 
new movement for freedom, confesses to 
having caught from Jesus of Nazareth the 
inspiration for the most deeply spiritual 
aspects of his movement. This public con- 
fession on his part has drawn the atten- 
tion of his followers to Jesus, so that it is 
safe to say that during the last year or two 
more intelligent Indians have been studying 
the life of Jesus than ever before. 

Biographies of Jesus, written by Hindus, 
are being widely read. Indian journals have 
printed articles on Christ and Christianity. 
New Testaments and other Christian litera- 
ture are in demand. An intelligent India is 
listening as never before to the claims of 
Christ, as presented by sympathetic evan- 
gelists. A most remarkable and successful 
evangelistic campaign is being prosecuted by 
E. Stanley Jones, missionary. Public meet- 
ings for educated Hindus are arranged in 
the cities and large towns throughout India. 
His carefully-prepared addresses drive home 
to the minds and hearts of his attentive 
listeners the spirit and claims of Christ 
with convincing power. Numbers have ac- 
cepted Christ as a result of these efforts, 
and many others are seriously studying the 
New Testament, with a view to finding the 
truth and the realization of India's hope. 

Describing some of these meetings Mr. Jones 
says : " One has to be really in them to feel 
the force of the new day of eagerness and 
spiritual search which is upon India at the 
present time. It simply overwhelms one, 
as one sees the audiences eager to hear 
about the Son of Man; and the straighter 
you give it, the better they like it. He 
said, ' If I be lifted up, I will draw.' " Special 
training is needed for this kind of work, and 
Air. Jones is training others to help. 

He who would be successful today in win- 
ning a hearing among India's thinking 
classes, must honestly distinguish between 
Western civilization and Christianity, and be- 
tween Christianity (ecclesiasticism) and 
Christ. An educated Indian Christian recent- 
ly said to me : " In this new day in India, 
Christians are discredited while Christ is 
exalted." This discrepancy between the 
Christ life and the visible life of Christians 
must be eradicated if India's educated class 
is to be won for Christ. 

The quiet, pervasive influence of Christian 
education, as provided by mission high 
schools and colleges, is creating a strong un- 
dercurrent of Christian sentiment in Indian 
thought and life. No one can number the 
men who are secret worshipers of Christ 
and who daily draw inspiration from read- 
ing the New Testament and praying to 

Highly-trained men and women of un- 
doubted Christian character are needed from 
the homeland for this kind of work. It is 
not numbers but quality that counts. West- 
ern civilization is discredited, and with it 
all but the most genuine Christian spirit 
and life. This is the challenge of India to 
the church in the West, and to the missions 
she is supporting. Bulsar. 

In going forward from year to year one 
of the secrets of a true life lies in cutting 
loose from the past. No year is good 
enough to be a standard for the one that 
comes after it. Each new year should be 
a step in the mountain climb, lifting our feet 
a little higher into clearer air and heavenlier 
atmosphere. — J. R. Miller. 


The Missionary Visitor 


How Christ Fulfills India's Every Need 


INDIA is a beautiful country; but it takes 
more than the. beauty of nature to 
beautify a people, it takes the loveli- 
ness of him who is altogether lovely. India 
is a land of religions, and often called the 
mother of religions, but it needs more than 
religions to lighten and enliven a nation ; 
it takes him who is the light and the life 
of the world. India is the land of gods, 
but millions of gods can save no one ; it 
takes the Son of the only true God, who 
alone can redeem all mankind. India is a 
land of people, but in no people is there 
the sufficiency for their temporal and eter- 
nal needs; only the Son of Man himself 
can meet and satisfy those needs. 

India is a big country, a distracted coun- 
try, a country of kings and priests, of 
temples and gods, of high caste and low 
caste, of extreme poverty and great riches, 
of gross ignorance and prided knowledge, 
of severe misery and bigoted satisfaction; 
a country of multiplied needs, common and 

Taking a few of her common and special 
needs, let us see how Christ and only Christ 
fulfills them, every one. First let us take 
the common need of worship, which we call 
a common need because common to all peo- 
ple, but in India a special need, for India 
makes a specialty of worship, and yet, and 
yet— by no means satisfied. Every day and 
everywhere, in journeying and at home, we 
see some expression of India's hungry soul 
for worship. The fact of India's millions 
of gods, millions of temples, and millions of 
ascetics and other pilgrims is one loud in- 
dication of her desire to worship. This first 
and greatest need of any people — and so 
loudly expressed by India — cannot be met 
by idolatry, or by ascetical austerities, nor 
by empty formal prayers, however regular ; 
it can be met only " in the face of Jesus 
Christ, where shines the light of the knowl- 
edge of the glory of the only true God." 
This first great and common need, which 
millions of gods for centuries have made 
only the more intense, could be met in a 
single day and for all time by Christ, were 

all to bow at his feet. And, praise God, 
India has begun to worship him, and the 
great difference in brightness of face and 
life, so verily manifest between those who 
are coming to know him and those who do 
not, confirms our assurance and strengthens 
our courage to continue to make his name 

India is torn and rent asunder by caste. 
The people of no other country are so di- 
vided by such hard and grim lines of de- 
markation as are the people of India. Caste 
results in isolation and depression of the 
severest kind. The thousands of castes in 
India have literally cut her in pieces as a 
nation. Who can set India free from this 
most depressing bondage? Not her re- 
ligions, for it is not in her gods. But he 
who came to release captives knows no 
bondage too hard to break, and 
this bondage he is breaking and 
will continue to break. His 
prayer, " that they all may be 
one," shall be effective for India 
as she comes to him. Already a 
large breach has been made by 
increased dissatisfaction in this 
bondage and by much freedom 
from the same, and this by the 
ideals of Christ working direct- 
ly and indirectly. 

The ignorant masses ! 
Whence shall come their light 
of liberating knowledge? Out 
of a total population of 315,000,- 
000 only 10 per cent of the males 
and 1 per cent of the females 
can read and write. And sure- 
ly, as it was true of the Israel- 
ites of old, so is it true of India 
today, " My people are de- 
stroyed for lack of knowledge." 
It is not within India herself to 
lighten her darkness. India 
needs the Light of the world. 
Already the new day is dawn- 
ing, the Son is rising, and bright 
beams are spreading afar. The 
bright faces of thousands of 


The Missionary Visitor 


happy boys and girls in mission boarding 
schools and village schools, and many of 
these from the lowest castes and out-castes, 
and from the back districts and most re- 
mote jungles, tell in clear certain tones of 
the new day on the threshold. 

Child marriage ! What an early bondage ! 
It is stated that, at the time of the last 
census, in 1911, there were 2,522,203 wives 
under the age of ten and 134,005 under five, 
and actually 13,212 baby wives, under one 
year ! Of this evil a leading Hindu has 
said, " Early child marriage is the greatest 
evil of our country. It has stood at the 
very springs of the life of the nation and 
prevented the normal expansion of which 
it is capable." Is this need being touched? 
Yea, verily ! He who in sweetest voice once 
said, " Suffer little children, and forbid them 
not to come unto me ; for of such is the 
kingdom of heaven," is so speaking still, 
and many of India's little ones are coming 

into the freedom that he gives. These cen- 
turies-old iron fetters over the innocent are 
being broken asunder, and they shall all be 
broken, every one. 

Closely associated with the evil of child 
marriage is that of enforced widowhood. 
The 1911 census revealed the startling fact 
of "335,015 widows under the age of fifteen, 
111,976 under ten, and 17,703 under five years 
of age, and baby widows under twelve 
months, 1,014." These child widows, with 
those of more advanced age, number near- 
ly 26,421,000, or about one-sixth of India's 
womanhood. While the treatment of 
widows in India varies in different prov- 
inces and in different families, yet life for 
the most part is coldly friendless and a 
pitiable drudgery amidst severe discipline 
and under crushing contempt. Remarriage 
is exceedingly rare, hardly more than a 
hundred in the ten years preceding 1911. 
Alone in Christ is the hope for all wronged 


hysical, intellectual, economical and spiritual— is fulfilled in the 
know the truth; and the truth shall make you free" 

reception of the truth, " Ye shall 


The Missionary Visitor 


womanhood. And light is breaking and 
happiness is coming to India's unfortunate 
widows through Christian society, widows' 
homes, and other ways. Quite encouraging 
it is that many social reformers within Hin- 
duism are vigorously denouncing this cruel 
custom. Here again the ideals of Christ 
are in the forefront leading to liberty. 

Where is the hope for the maimed, the 
halt, the blind, the lame, the lepers and 
cripples of other sorts who are met on every 
wayside, on every train, in every street, in 
every town and city? As we refresh our 
minds again in the blessed memory of him 
who healed all manner of diseases, and con- 
sider the overcrowded mission hospitals 
scattered throughout all India, and the heal- 
ing blessing resulting therefrom to mul- 
titudes, we rejoice deeply that he is still 
the same compassionate Lord, and pass- 
ing close by even these and touching them 
with his healing power. 

How exacting has the curse of intemper- 
ance been upon the poor, ignorant masses! 
But, praise God, the temperance campaign 
has grown to be a vigorous one' throughout 
all India, and not only by Christians but 
by Hindus and Mohammedans. The tread 
of our Lord's feet is sure and pressing 
straight to every need. 

Then there is India's eager desire for 
self-government, and naturally so. A few 
of India's people are ready, but the masses 
are not. How shall the masses get ready? 
By coming out of the tangled meshes of ig- 
norance and disunion and depression by the 
shining road to freedom which we have in 
Christ for every man, for every people. And 
India is coming by this road. It is ground 
for much encouragement and joy to know 
that Mr. Gandhi, India's foremost leader for 
self-government, has drawn largely upon 
Christ for his ideals, and that resulting 
thereby India as a whole has an attitude 
toward Christ of reverential and expectant 
mind more than ever before. Here again 
Christ is in the lead, and surely shall finish 
the work that he has begun. 

Indeed, Christ is abroad in India today 
in a very real way. Directly in Christian 
society and institutions, and indirectly in 
government and in various reform move- 
ments, he is touching every need and lead- 

ing forth to sure victory. Worshiped by 
Christians from all castes and from all 
religious fraternities, and greatly revered 
by many leading Hindus and even Moham- 
medans. Christ is coming to the preemi- 
nence above all the millions of gods, the cen- 
tral Figure in India's thought and admira- 
tion, and is boldly declared by leading edu- 
cated Hindus in Hindu centers as the 
" Greatest Person of human history." 

So, " in every way, whether in pretense 
or in truth, Christ is proclaimed," and 
through him India is coming into a satis- 
factory meeting of her needs, " and therein 
we rejoice, and will rejoice." The scene is 
a glorious one. And we who are here to 
witness, deeply from our hearts and with 
all our strength, pray the prayer, " Come, 
Lord Jesus, come quickly." 

Ping Ting 

The Ping Ting schools all opened Sept. 10 with 
good attendance: Girls' School, 73; Kindergarten, 16; 
Boys' School, 120; Men's Bible School, 11; Women's 
Bible School, 41; Nurses' Training School, 12 men 
nurses and 6 girls. <£? 

In the Boys' School, 17 of the students eat at 
home and 103 at- school. The new teachers are add- 
ing new life to the school. We are glad to have 
our own graduates back as teachers. 

Mr. Sollenberger has gone to K'ung Tzu village 
for some preaching in connection with Mr. Wang, 
who also is there now. 

Pastor Yin has gone back to Tsinanfu to com- 
plete his last term of work in the theological sem- 
inary. 5^8 

Our church prayer meeting is growing in attend- 
ance and interest. At the last three meetings we 
had the older schoolboys, and with extras from other 
sources, there have been about 150 men and boys 
each time. The women and- girls do not attend 
the general meeting, as they each have their own 
special service each week. 

The Women's Bible School has the largest en- 
rollment it has ever had, except during the famine 
year. At the opening session they were told of the 
new rules passed by the advisory board, requiring 
regular and prompt attendance, a real interest in 
their studies, etc., or they would be asked at the 
close of the term to quit coming. The board also 
decided that they should buy their own books 
(formerly they were loaned to them by the school), 
and that our school term should be nine school 
months. We believe that the Chinese like and 
respect strict rules, for it has put new life into the 
school and the attendance has been very good. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ping Ting is rejoicing in the arrival of its new 


The schools opened Sept. 7. The first-grade boys 
and girls are now being cared for by Miss Cripe, in 
connection with the kindergarten, so both the boys 
and girls' schools are left with one class less than 
they had last year. 


The Girls' School opened with an enrollment of 
over 40, and we are still expecting others in. 

The enrollment in the Boys' School is now 176. 

This includes three years of middle school, which 

is about equal to one year of high school in America. 

The prospects are bright for the coming year. 


China is making rapid advancement in her educa- 
tional system. This year we changed most of our 
textbooks in order to get the latest out. The stiff, 
formal style of writing is giving way to the easier 
spoken language. The new books in reading are 
much like American readers, so far as material and 
method are concerned. 

Today is the opening day for the Women's Bible 
School. Not so many have enrolled, as the women 
here at Liao, as well as the men, help gather in 
the harvest, with which they have been blessed, 
and this will keep them busy for perhaps another 
two weeks. <£t 

Shou Yang 

The first women's class at Shou Yang opened 
the first week in September, with an enrollment of 
6. One of these grew weary at the end of half 
a day and ran away. There are others coming in 
after harvest. Some of these women will be bap- 
tized this fall. 

The boys' new school building being completed; 
the girls' school is occupying the court formerly 
used by the boys. Some of the things which the 
girls and teachers are appreciating, which they didn't 
have heretofore, are: a playground, dining room, iso- 
lation room for the sick, and classrooms. During the 
past the sleeping rooms had to be used also for 
dining rooms and classrooms. Owing to the fact 
that there is a class in the higher primary, another 
teacher had to be employed. So the present Chinese 
staff consists of three ladies and one man, who are 
beginning their work with interest. There are 
only 30 girls at present; however, we hope to re- 
port a larger enrollment at our next writing. 

The Shou Yang boys' school building was dedi- 
cated Sept. 16 at 11:30 A. M.. Dr. Lii, from the 
Y. M. C. A. at Tai Yuan Fu, delivered the dedicatory 
sermon. Dr. Lii is a young Chinese, who has had 
rich Christian experience and is not afraid to wit- 
ness for Christ. He spoke on China's present de- 
plorable conditions, making clear that they are due 
to the dishonesty of the people. He then concluded 
with a strong appeal for Christianity, stating that 
in Christianity alone is there power to save China. 

It is estimated that 2,000 people visited the com- 
pound and building during the day. At the time of 
the dedication the auditorium could have been filled 
several times. Friends were present from Ping Ting, 
Tai Ku and Tai Yuan. The city officials were present 
and gave interesting talks. The school opened Sept. 
17 with an enrollment of 80. 

This year was the regular time for W. H. Smith, 
the head of the men's evangelistic department at 
Shou Yang, to take his interfurlough vacation. 
While he was away the Chinese force of the de- 
partment looked after the work in quite an accept- 
able manner. They visited a dozen or more places 
in the county, where great numbers of people as- 
sembled to see the theatricals. Besides using every 
opportunity to witness for the true God, they dis- 
tributed some 2,000 tracts and sold about 175 Gos- 
pels. ^ 

The latter part of August all of the Chinese lead- 
ers in the men's evangelistic department attended 
the Leaders' Conference of our own mission at Ping 
Ting Chou. They report the conference as being 
the best our mission has ever held. All those in 
attendance received much inspiration. 


Recently two men from the Shou Yang District 
entered the Men's Bible School at Ping Ting Chou. 
These men entered the school without any definite 
promise of a position in the church when they com- 
plete their course. We hope that after they finish 
their course they will go back to their individual 
communities and become exemplary community lead- 
ers, not under the pay of the church. 

Tai Yuan 

The work of the Y. M. C. A. is starting off in full 
sway this fall. More than twenty Bible classes have 
been organized among the students from the vari- 
ous schools roundabout. We are again facing the 
difficulty that we had last spring, that is, of not 
having a sufficient number of leaders to teach the 
additional classes which could be organized. 


(Continued from Page 14) 

"assembling" is unscriptural. See Heb. 10: 
25 and Mai. 3: 16. 

2. Because it is the one night in the 
year, more probably than any other night, 
when God's people, of every name and 
church and land, gather simultaneously in 
their respective places of worship for pray- 

3. Because in all the history of the 
church, the need of prayer for spiritual 
awakening has never been greater than 
now. Not only evangelical leaders, but 
thoughtful laymen and far-seeking political 
leaders, are becoming more and more 
alarmed at the present godless trend. 


The Missionary Visitor 




M. R. Zigler Home Mission Secretary 


A School for Rural Pastors 


EVERY interesting opportunity is of- 
fered by Bethany Bible School in co- 
operation with the Home Department 
of the General Mission Board, assisted by 
several other boards. Beginning Jan. 31, 
and closing Feb. 8, there will be conducted 
at Bethany a period of study for a confer- 
ence of country church leaders. The pur- 
pose is to bring together men and women 
who are facing the problems of the country 
church and to think through the problems 
involved in building a rural church. 

Teachers of public schools are compelled 
to attend institutes, to be efficient in their 
line of work. Doctors hasten to conferences 
to hear the latest word in their field of ef- 
fort. Farmers arrange meetings where they 
can get together to study common problems 
in their field of enterprise. If it is necessary 
for such as these to assemble to study ma- 
terial, how much more is it necessary for 
those who labor in the spiritual field to 
study the problems in that field! 

There is a striking need for a special 
study of the rural church. Some parts of 
the program of the church are well devel- 
oped. Other parts are sadly deficient. It is 
one thing to see one part of a program. It 
is a vastly more important thing to see the 
program as a whole, so that there will not 
be an overemphasis at one point, to the 
neglect of something else. The most suc- 
cessful way yet discovered to solve prob- 
lems of this kind is to get together the peo- 
ple who are working at the task and to stay 
together long enough to think through the 
entire program and problems involved. This 
takes time and energy. One hundred men 
assembled for prayer and study nine days, 
facing the program of the country church, 
will discover God's will in a marvelous way. 

Out of this mingling of souls with God, 
spiritual forces may be set forth which will 
be felt around the world and forever. 

There are at least eight States within 
reach of Chicago. In this territory we have 
77 city churches and 304 country churches. 
Therefore, 79.8% of the churches in this 
area are rural. In membership, the city 
churches have 9,500, while the country 
churches have a total of 29,494, or 75.7%. In 
our work we are majoring in the country 
field. Since this is true, it is very evident 
what line of study we should pursue to be 
most helpful to the church at large. This 
does not mean that the city church should 
not be studied. It needs to be studied, but 
should be studied separately by those work- 
ing that field. 

In the 304 country churches of the area 
mentioned, 35 churches have a membership 
of less than 25. In this number 64 churches 
have an enrollment between 1 and 50; 96 
between 51 and 100; 61 between 101 and 
150; 23 between 151 and 200; and 25 over 
200. According to the norm that is ap- 
plied to churches, relating to membership, 
there are only 104.5 churches growing in 
this territory. If this be true, isn't this 
sufficient evidence that it is time to have a 
conference of country church leaders, to 
study the field of the country church, its 
mission, its program, etc.? The country is 
our stronghold. To lose here will mean 
disaster. To conserve here will save what 
our fathers have built and will construct 
a permanent base upon which our future 
church will stand. 

" Unselfishness is the secret of sorrow's 


The Missionary Visitor 



©Iff flTjorkrra' Garner 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



The treasurer's statement for the month 
of November shows mission receipts to the 
amount of $24,417.38 and expenditures of 
$23,744.66, which provides a net balance for 
the month of $672.72. The total deficit of 
the Board on Dec. 1 was $38,542.70. Some 
encouragement can be seen from several 
angles. First, the receipts were better than 
in November, last year, when they were 
about $17,000. Second, the expenditures for 
November, this year, were less than last, 
and third, the Thanksgiving offerings were 
generous in many cases, and this money will 
help the December report to show well. It 
is also believed, as this is written, Dec. 11, 
that there will be a very generous response 
from the Sunday-schools at the time of their 
Christmas offering. Many warm hearts are 
giving splendidly, that the tide may be 
turned, and this slight evidence of financial 
recovery should not cause us to decrease 
interest and gifts, or we would immediately 
get into a worse condition. It should be 
understood that the Church of the Breth- 
ren has undertaken a worth-while mission- 
ary work, that must be kept going month 
after month, or our work will largely be 

The Sunday-schools have done splendidly, 
and a word of caution may be in place so 
that the churches do not load all the mis- 
sionary responsibility on the Sunday- 
schools, instead of assuming it as churches, 
as they should. 

The students of our colleges have done 
a notable work in raising quite a sum for 
the mission fund. We hope to announce 
the results in the February issue. 

Almost daily word comes from the most 
aggressive churches that they are under- 
taking mission study. Some have just a 
class, while others are having a Church 
School of Missions, by which they enlist 
the whole church. 

The Painter Creek congregation, Ohio, 

had quite a farewell service for Albert and 
Verona Smith, the first two missionaries 
from that congregation to go to foreign 
service. Brother and Sister Smith sailed 
for South China Nov. 29. It is a worthy 
achievement for any church to furnish ca- 
pable and consecrated life for the ministry 
and the service of the church. 

The Ivester Sunday-school, Northern Iowa, 
provides fifteen minutes between Sunday- 
school and church, one Sunday each month, 
for missionary news and instruction. The 
missionary committees use this time as they 
see best. 

Dr. Homer L. Burke and wife were sched- 
uled to sail from England Dec. 26 for Lagos, 
and from there they will go to Garkida to 
join our Africa workers. 

A good woman sending in $5 says, " My 
supply is scant, but I find joy in giving. I 
would rather do without one meal per day 
than not to give to the Lord at least a 
tenth, which is his, and I am his and all 
I am permitted to enjoy is his." 

Another good family from California 
send in an offering as payment of their 
tithe, and give testimony that they have 
thoroughly enjoyed twenty years of tithing. 

Brother A. D. Helser writes about letters 
they have been receiving, such as the fol- 
lowing : 

" I am the teacher of a Sunday-school class. Bro. 
Helser, our class has chosen you as their missionary. 
You make a daily offering of your life. We have 
pledged ourselves to pray for you and your work 
daily and to help answer our prayers by getting 
together each month a liberal offering. We are 
sending these offerings to the General Mission 

This is just one of a number of letters. 

These letters are not solicited; in fact, in 

many cases we know none of the members 

of the class in the flesh, but we know them 

all in the spirit that binds us together in 

our common task. We may never meet 

these precious helpers on earth, but we shall 

meet them in glory. 


The Missionary Visitor 


These helpers are having a tremendous 
influence on our work. In some cases they 
have removed mountains of difficulty, and 
in others they have prayed down strength 
to climb. 

If God should call you or your class to 
such a holy service in India or China or 
Africa, hear his voice and harden not your 
hearts. To classes doing as the letter quot- 
ed suggests we will try to send a picture of 
some phase of the harvest field. 

Mary Jones Wanted a Bible 

" One hundred and twenty years ago a little Welsh 
girl, by the name of Mary Jones, which you will 
probably recognize as a Welsh name, walked bare- 
foot over the hills from her home to the nearest 
minister twenty-five miles away, because of her great 
desire to own a copy of the Holy Scriptures. When 
she was told that the minister had none for her she 
burst into tears, which caused him to give her 
from his cupboard one that had been promised to a 
friend, and she went home rejoicing. 

" Turning it over in his mind he decided to go at 
once to London. There he gathered a few friends 
together and told them the story, and a committee 
was formed to see that all such persons in Wales and 
in the British Isles should have copies of the Bible. 
Some one in the meeting uttered the significant 
words ' If for Wales, why not for the World? ' 

" You, yourself, sir, if I may be allowed to say it, 
are a living witness to the fact that ' What is good 
for Wales is good for the World! ' 

" From the simple act of that little girl has sprung 
all the Bible societies of the world which are sending 
out among all nations in over five hundred languages 
and dialects twenty millions of copies of the Scrip- 
tures every year." 

La Verne's Mission Study 

The adult Christian Workers of the La Verne 
church concluded to try a change from the printed 
outlines of the C. W. pamphlets, and so took up, first, 
the study of " Building with India." It proved so 
interesting that we concluded to try another book, 
" The Lure of Africa." This we liked still better. We 
greatly enjoyed the descriptions of that wonderful 
land. Its peoples proved a most interesting study. 
We were led to conclude that if Africa could be taken 
for Christ, no other pagan people would make truer 
and stronger disciples. Our hearts yearn to possess 
Africa. We hope that many others may take up the 
study of this fine little book. We believe that in 
this way we may all be spurred on to bring about 
a great work in Africa. Flora E. Teague. 

Notes from the Greene County Industrial School 

The evening study is over. The sound of the boys 
and girls is hushed, for it is past their bedtime, and 
now comes a time for writing a short message to 
our friends. And what a large family there are of 
you! Do you know and does it encourage you to 
know that you are frequently remembered in our 
daily chapel services and at our table blessings? 
You are a big part of our inspiration. 

In two days Thanksgiving will be upon us. The 
blessings of the past year are too numerous to men- 
tion here, but for what are we thankful around this 
school that we did not enjoy a month ago? First, 
for a new lawn coming out with a fine, grassy cover, 
and twenty maple trees planted around as a promise 
of shade in the next few years. A school orchard 
of over four hundred fruit trees has also been planted. 
Recently Mr. Bollinger and myself, with practically 
all the school children, climbed to the top of Parker 
Mountain, which rises about a mile east of the 
school. There, in the bracing air and sunlight, it 
was a great sight to look down upon the school 
plant which appeared like a little city " set upon a 

hill " and could not be hid. With an orchard and a 
beautiful lawn the scene will be even more pleasing. 

A second blessing comes in the new house, which 
is shown in the accompanying picture. The house 
is now practically completed, except for some in- 
terior finishing, mainly heating and painting. It is 
a good, substantial twelve-room house, providing 
three rooms for our home, on the one side, a very 
comfortable home for the boys, on the other side, and 
leaving sick-room quarters when needed for such; 
also providing a manual training room and cellar 
storage in the basement. 

In celebration of Thanksgiving we will have a 
good school Thanksgiving program, and the Monroe 
District will meet in a joint Sunday-school Thanks- 
giving meeting at the " Evergreen " church on 
Thanksgiving Day. 

The approach of the Christmas season reminds us 
of one of our urgent needs, that is for clothing for 
the nine boys between the ages of 6 and 16, whom we 
clothe. We would appreciate whatever help could be 
given in this need. 

A joyous Yuletide to all of our friends comes as 
a greeting from the C. B. I. S. 

Mrs. A. F. Bollinger. 

Khama, the Great African Chief, by J. 

C. Harris ; George H. Doran Co., New York, 

The British Weekly says : " That a boy 
who, when in his teens, saw Livingstone on 
one of his earliest journeys, should be still 
alive — a stalwart, six-foot statue in living 
ebony — well over ninety years of age, is in 
itself astonishing. But that the boy should 
have become the man who has created out 
of a dwindling tribe the powerful and 
prosperous Bamangwato people, fighting 
first Lobengula, then his heathen vile sor- 
ceries, then the white man's viler gin and 
the tribal beer orgies, is a romance of cou- 
rageous Christian personality. The rugged, 
uncompromising Christian force which we 
associate with the name of Cromwell is here 
in this truly great African chief. A book 
to be read first for sheer joy in its hero, 
and no teacher or preacher looking for live 
material of immediate and vital interest 
should fail to read and pass on its story." 
This is one of the most important and read- 
able of present-day biographies of notable 
missionary converts. 

Some Boys and Girls in America, by 

Margaret T. Applegarth ; George H. Doran 
Co., New York, $1.50. 

From " The Man Who Put the Jog in 
Geography " to " The Bottled Cow," this 
group of delightful home mission stories will 
at once captivate children. Those who 
know the author's genius for telling mis- 
sionary stories will find in these tales of 

(Continued on Page 32) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


One of the Missionaries 


Biddy Comes to the Bungalow 

IT was toward evening of a bright De- 
cember day when little Sona, one of 
the boarding-school girls, came up the 
steps of the bungalow, carrying Biddy Black. 

" Salaam, Madam Saheb. Our Tarabai has 
sent this little chick for Jessie." Tarabai 
was the matron of the Girls' School and 
was very fond of little Jessie, who was not 
yet three years old. The little Biddy was 
only a chick. She was black all over, ex- 
cept for a ring of gold around her neck. 
Miss Jessie's eyes danced as she accepted 
the little charge. She held her closely to 
herself, patting her fondly while her father 
quickly put a piece of screen over an open 
box to keep her in. But Biddy couldn't 
stay in the box all the time. So Jessie let 
her out of the box, but tied her with a long 
string so that she wouldn't run away. But 
after several days Biddy seemed to be very 
much at home and was happy to stay with- 
out being tied. Every morning Jessie would 
open the box to let Biddy out, and every 
evening she saw that the chick was safe in 
the box before she climbed the stairs to her 
little bed. 

Jessie Makes a Discovery 

But chicks grow, and so Biddy soon grew 
to be a hen. Little Jessie knew very well 
how each day the little hen had been spared 
from the sharp eye of the hawk and the 
grasp of the strange dogs that came around 
the bungalow in search of food. 

One day a wonderful thing happened. 
Jessie came running and said, " Mother, look 
here." She was holding a small, pure-white 
egg in her little hands. Her eyes told the 
story before she could get the words out: 
" Do you s'pose my Black Biddy laid this 

And she clasped it tighter as mother said, 

"Quite likely; where did you find it?" 

" I found it right here in daddy's waste- 
paper basket." 

Just then father came into the office. 

"O daddy! Look at this purty white egg 
my chickie laid." 

" Oh, yes, I see it. But you will have to 
train your hen. She can't lay eggs in my 
office. Just see how she has tramped all 
over my desk." 

So the next day little Jessie, fearing lest 
her treasured hen would not be " brought 
up " right, caught her every time she came 
near the bungalow and put her in her box, 
where mother said every proper hen should 
lay her eggs. 

As she would close the lid she would add. 
" Now, Biddy, please lay your egg, 'cause 
mother and daddy don't like for you to lay 
in the bungalow." 

But this was new to Biddy, and she did 
not take very kindly to what Jessie said. 
She would make so much noise that Jessie 
would go and leave her out without the 
victory being won. 

The little black hen finally decided that, 
better than to lay in the office, would be to 
make a nest on top of the book case in the 
living room. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Is Biddy Sick? 

Mother and father had decided by this 
time that it was not only a hard task to 
raise chickens in India, but nerve-racking. 
But all this was ended suddenly when one 
day Biddy would not stir from her box. 
Not only one day, but for many days, she 
refused to leave her box, except for a drink 
of water and a few morsels of grain. Was 
she sick? No. In a sweet way she told 
Jessie she wished she would return her a 
nestful of the clean white eggs she had been 
laying day after day. 

Could Jessie be selfish? No. She hur- 
riedly told her mother, and a nice nest was 
made, in which fourteen fresh eggs were 
put for Biddie to watch over. 

The Indian people said, "This is not the 
season to set hens." 

But Jessie thought Biddy knew. 
And Everybody Had to See Them 

Biddy did know, for in a few weeks, one 
by one, little fluffy, brown, white, yellow, 
black and speckled chicks came tumbling 
out of the shells, until eleven were running 
around the happiest mother hen you would 
want to find. 

She wasn't the only one who was pleased, 
for Jessie, who had called her little sister 
Jean, was standing with her, watching them. 

"Aren't they purty? Biddy likes them 
doesn't she? Will they get big, too, some 

Sis-ter Jean couldn't keep her fingers off 
their fuzzy backs. She often wanted to love 
their necks too much for their own good. 

The two sisters were busy now; the 
mother and chicks had to be looked at many 

times during the day; and water and grain 
had to be brought for them; for such a 
large family had to be well cared for. 

Every one who came to the bungalow 
had to be shown the downy chicks. 
(Concluded Next Month) 


Once again on flying feet 
Bounds a lad the world to greet; 
Pat his curls and dimples dear : 
" Glad to welcome you, New Year!" 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I enjoy reading the let- 
ters so much. I am twelve years old, and 
in the fifth grade. My brother, seventeen 
years old, is in second year high school. 
My oldest sister is twenty-two, and will finish 
college next year. The other sister is 
eighteen, and this is her first year in col- 
lege. I am in the same room that Eliza- 
beth Sanger is, and I know her well. They 
moved from Oakton up here to Hebron 
Seminary last year. My teachers' names 
are Mr. Allen, from March, Va., and Miss 
Olive Bagwell, from Indiana. I study six 
books, and am taking Bible, too. I am a 
member of the Brethren church, and a Junior. 
Mv Sunday-school teacher's name is Miss 
Stella Miller. Ruth Graybill. 

Nokesville, Va. 

What a splendid chance your family has 
of getting an education ! If you want to 
be happy in after years, get all you possibly 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: How are you? I am 
in the third grade and eight years old. I 
have a sister going to school at Daleville 
College and two sisters going to Salem High. 
All of the family go to school except my 
little sister. Frances James is my best friend 
at school. She is in the third grade too. 
Miss Julia James is my teacher in the fore- 
noon,, and Miss Ruth Webster in the after- 
noon. I love to read the letters in the Mis- 
sionary Visitor. Our school is going to have 
a Thanksgiving program and I am going to 
be on it. Our schoolhouse is made of brick, 
and has four rooms. I have a pretty little 
doll that says " mama." Her name is Mary 
Ann. She has a little cradle, too. My papa 
made it. I have a playhouse, too. I had 
better to studying, so I will close. 

Dorothy Garst. 

Salem, Va. 

Isn't it queer that one hardly ever finds 
boy dolls ? Are you going to give your dolly 
a college education, too? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I will join the happy 
circle if there is room. Am I welcome? I 
live in the country. We have a large farm. 
I am in the sixth grade at school. I haven't 


The Missionary Visitor 


missed Sunday-school once this year. I am 
twelve years old, and have been a member 
of the Church of the Brethren for one year. 
I like to read the letters. I wish some one 
would write to me. Lois Bowman. 

Naffs, Va. 

It seems as if Virginia is a good place to 
raise a crop of Juniors. You inhabitants of 
the green valleys ought to have a get-to- 
gether meeting some time. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am ten years old 
and in the sixth grade. We had some visitors 
from Bellingham, Washington. They drove 
through in their car. This is my second 
letter. Did any of you cousins see a ghost 
Halloween night ? I didn't. I go to the 
brick church, and to Sunday-school later. 
I love to go. I wish some of you cousins 
would write to me. Mozelle Boone. 

Wirtz, Va. 

Did your visitors tell you how they got 
over the mountains with their car ? Weren't 
they afraid of falling down a precipice? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I don't know if it will 
be all right to call you that or not, for this 
is the first time I have written to you. I 
am eleven years old, and in the seventh 
grade. My teacher is Mr. Baker. I go to 
Sunday-school every Sunday if I have a 
way to go. I live one and a half miles from 
the church. I have four brothers and one 
sister. Three brothers are married. I hope 
some one will write to me. 

Mary C. Garber. 

Elkhart, Ind., R. 6, Box 36. 

O yes, it sounds good to be called " Dear 
aunt," and I wonder if you might be a 
" really " niece — because my daughter is a 
Garber, too! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : If you have room for 
me I would like to join your circle, too. 
I enjoy reading your letters so much. This is 
Thanksgiving Day. It is raining. My 
cousins, Albert and Verona Smith, sailed for 
China today. Naomi and Ruth Wenger's 
letters were very interesting. Their papa 
preached at our church about a year ago. 
They stayed at our place all night. We 
three girls slept together in one bed. Dear 
auntie, you should have been here with us. 
I am ten years old, and in the fifth grade. 
I have a brother in the seventh grade, and 
two brothers and a sister in high school. I 
still have the same kitty I had when Naomi 
and Ruth were here. Mae Hollinger is my 
Sunday-school teacher. I like her very well. 
My papa is a minister. I was baptized when 
Bro. William Buckley was here in August. 
Will some Junior girl please write to me? 

New Madison, Ohio, R. 1. Beulah Savior. 

That will be something for both of us to 
remember — I was baptized in August, too — 

in a wide, flowing river, but it was a long 
time ago. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I certainly do enjoy 
the Junior Missionary and the Junior's let- 
ters. I am sending in the answers to the 
puzzles. I have about 200 stamps in my 
collection. I want to thank you very much 
for the ones you sent. I hope I will get a 
chance to go to the Annual Meeting next 
year. My typewriter isn't working good and 
so it tears the paper. I will try to punch some 
of the Junior boys around here, and I 
would like to have some of the other Juniors 
help me, and let's see if we can't get some 
of the boys to write. Marvin Michael. 

78 Kirtland St., S. W., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

That's the spirit ! It's the pioneers who 
lay the groundwork, and make it easier 
for those who come after. Come on, boys, 
and cheer up Marvin ! 

Dear Adalyn : I like very much to read 
the letters in the Visitor, and so I thought 
I would write and get acquainted also. I 
am eleven years old, and in the sixth grade. 
I have three sisters and one brother. My 
oldest sister teaches me in school. Dur- 
ing the past two summers we have spent 
our vacation in a cottage along the Sus- 
quehanna River. I learned how to swim 
and dive. In the winter time I go sledding 
and skating. Last week our church held 
revival. There were seven converts. Profes- 
sor Ober held the meetings. My eyelids 
are getting heavy, so I will have to close. 

Mary Bower. 
126 Washington St., Elizabethtown, Pa. 

I expect your brother has lots of fun try- 
ing to amuse four sisters ! Your surely have 
a lovely place for your vacations. It is a 
very serviceable accomplishment to know how 
to swim. 

Precious Stones Used in Heaven 

1. Pe jars. 

2. Hip pears. 

3. Dear Lem. 

4. Dry ax, son. 

5. Air suds. 

6. Lyre B. 

7. Pat Zo. 

8. Chin at J. 

9. Thy steam. 
10. Lap 'er. 

(Answer Next Month) 

" It's a wonder some society girls don't 
die of painter's colic." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Forward Movement Goal 

For the year ending Feb. 29, 1924 


$425,000 — 

375,000 — 

350.000 — 

325,000 — 

300,000 — 

275,000 — 


225,080 — 






Conference Offering, 1923. As of November 30, 
1923, the Conference (Forward Movement) offering 
for the year ending February 29, 1924, stands as 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1923, $174,581 78 

Pledges outstanding, 16,324 15 

Total, $190,905 93 

(The 1923 Budget of $443,500 is 43% raised) 
Mission Board Treasury Statement. The follow- 
ing shows the condition of mission finances on 
November 30, 1923: 

Income since March 1, 1923, $190,423 13 

Income same period last year, 179,413 16 

Increase, $ 11,009 97 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1923, .. 66,052 81 
Outgo over income same period last year, 67,517 22 

Decrease outgo over income, $ 1,464 41 

Balance mission deficit November 30, 1923, 38,542 70 
Balance mission deficit October 31, 1923, .. 39,215 42 

Decrease in deficit, $ 672 72 

Tract Distribution. During the month of October, 

the Board sent out 4,202 tracts. 
October Receipts. The following contributions for 

the various funds were received during October: 

Arizona-$21.00 WORLD-WIDE 

Indv.: A Brother & Family of McNeal, 

$1; B. F. Glick, $20, $ 2100 

California— $190.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Walter Pence & Wife 
(Figarden) $5; Mrs. C. O. Bergman (Lind- 
say) $100; Indv.: E. W. & Celia Burnham, 
$20, 125 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Missy. Soc, Long Beach, 
$50; Eld. J. E. Steinour (Belvidere) (M. N.) 
$.50; Julia E. Bashore (Glendora) $5; Indv.: 

Eliz. J. Fowler, $10, 65 50 

Canada— $5.00 

Cong.: N. E. Weddle (Irricana), 5 00 

Colorado— $51.70 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Colorado Springs, .... 12 70 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. C. F. Oxley 
(Wiley) 5 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, $28; 

Mrs. H. M. Long (Fruita) $6, 34 00 

Florida— $6.00 

Indv.: Mrs. G. P. Hurst, $5; Blanche Cripe, 

$1 600 

Idaho— $5.00 

C. W. S.: Twin Falls Junior, 5 00 

Illinois— $194.19 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $24.86; Dixon, 
$7.72; Sterling, $21.94; A Brother & Sister 
(Bethany, Chicago) $50; Indv.: Ella Eiken- 
berry, $5 109 52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Springfield, $7.22; Congs. 
of So. 111., $57.45; Lloyd Pruitt (Macoupin 
Creek) $10; Mrs. R. A. Forney (Hudson) $5; 
Mothers & Daughters' Organization (Gi- 

rard) $5, 84 67 

India— $15.00 

Indv.: Goldie Swartz, 15 00 

Indiana— $774.65 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wabash City, $10.86; So. 
Whitley, $7.80; Portland, $12; Pipe Creek, 
$35.60; Bachelor Run, $12.41; Huntington, 
$4.62; Loon Creek, $100; Adah Baker (Man- 
chester) $100; W. C. Stinebaugh (M. N.) 
(Pipe Creek) $.50; Frances Crill (Wabash) 
$2; Indv.: Martha A. Marquardt, $5, 290 79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Creek, $72; Maple 
Grove, $68; Pleasant Valley, $56; First So. 
Bend, $150; Yellow Creek, $92.86; No. 67580 
(Goshen City) $10; Mrs. Rose Shively (Plym- 


The Missionary Visitor 


outh) $10; Dr. & Mrs. G. H. VanDyke (No. 

Winona Lake) $25, 483 86 

Iowa— $618.16 

Mid.. Dist., Cong.: Coon River, $20; Gar- 
rison, $36.16; J. B. Spurgeon (Panther Creek) 
$50, !0 6 16 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Hoffer (Grun- 
dy Co.) $500; A. M. Sharp & Wife (Spring 
Creek) $5 505 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. Schlotman (Council 

Bluffs) $5; Jemima Kob (Franklin) $2, 7 00 

Kansas— $175.20 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Armourdale Mission, 
$2.20; Mrs. Lydia Kimmel (McLouth) $10; 
Grace Steele (McLouth) $5; C. W. S.: Cen- 
tral Ave., Kansas City, $40, 57 20 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Lydia A. Humphrey, .. 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: New Hope, $50; W. H. 
Strohm & Wife (Paint Creek) $20; Sarah A. 
Waas (Fredonia) $40; S. S. : Intermediate 

Boys' & Girls' Class, Paint Creek, $3, 113 00 

Maryland— $7.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: Edith R. Riddle (Long 
Green Valley) $1.25; Mary E. Bixler (Mead- 
ow Branch) $1.50; Indv.: Joshua Armacost, 
$2, ........ 475 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Hagerstown), 3 00 

Michigan— $48.02 

Cong.: Battle Creek, $43.55; Galen Lehman 

(Sugar Ridge) $4.47, 48 02 

Missouri — $51.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, $40; 
Indv.: Mary M. Cox, $2, 42 00 

S. W. Dist.. Cong.: Mrs. Louisa Shaw 
(Cabool) $5; Aid Soc: Carthage, $2.50, 7 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 67530 (Broadwater), 2 00 

Montana— $46.99 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grandvievv, $36.74; Paxton 
Mission in Florendale Schoolhouse (Grand- 
View) $10.25, 46 99 

Nebraska— $60.56 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, $41.06; A Sister (Falls 
City) $2; No. 67173 (Octavia) $7.50; E. E. 

Eshelman (Red Cloud) $10, 60 56 

New Mexico— $12.50 

Indv.: Cora Brower, 12 50 

North Dakota— $36.63 

Cong.: Rock Lake, $33.88; S. S.: Lakeside 

(Surrey), $2.75, 36 63 

North Carolina— $250.00 

Indv.: C. R. Faw, $125; Mrs. C. R. Faw, 

$125, 250 00 

Ohio— $531.20 

N. E. Dist., No. 67291 (Akron) $3.65; Ash- 
land Dickey, $119.78; Akron City, $66.84; E. 
Nimishillen, $63.31; Freeburg, $10; Mohican, 
$45; E. I. Ober (Wooster) $25; A Lonesome 
Sister (W. Nimishillen) $20; Geo. Keefer 
(Owl Creek) $2; D. F. Stuckey (M. N.) 
(Freeburg) $.50; Mrs. N. A. Schrock (Bal- 
tic) $5; Indv.: Albert C. Schue, $1.50 36108 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Bellefontaine, $*.25; O. 
P. Haines (Sugar Creek) $10; Xo. 67134 
(Marion) $5; Emma Kyser (Lick Creek) $5; 
John C. Helser (Baker) $15; A Home Dept. 
Supt. (Bellefontaine) $1.50 40 75 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bradford, $50; Harris 
Creek, $11.14; West Branch, $5; W. Charles- 
ton, $35; W. Dayton, $10; Elizabeth Ludy, 
Wheatville (Upper Twin) $5; Van B. Wright 
(M. N.) (Strait Creek) $.50; C. W. S. : New 

Carlisle, $12.73, 129 37 

Oregon— $25.06 

Cong.: A. I. Standafer & Family (Bandon) 
$15; C. E. Wolff & Family (Bandon) $5; Mrs. 

Catherine Vidito (Albany) $5, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $1,876.23 

E. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $168.25; 
Akron, $32.64; Conestoga, $47; Hatfield, 
$104.31; Lancaster, $50; Lititz. $70.91; Me- 
chanic Grove, $20; Mingo, $37.41; Ridgely, 
$9.83; Helen Wine (Ridgely) $5; Anna G. Erb 
(Palmyra) $100; No. 67161 (Lititz) $15; Fred 
Cheney (Freeville) $10; Ira D. Brandt (Eliz- 
abethtown) $15; Aid Soc: Spring Creek, $20; 
C. W. S.: Palmyra, $6.11; Akron, $3.73; 

Indv.: J. Clark Brilhart, $10, 725 19 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: First Altoona, $372.50; 
Lewistown, $150; Williamsburg, $73.86; J. R. 
Stayer & Family (Woodbury) $3; Harry 
Smith (Snake Spring). $2; Mrs. Scott Veach 
(Snake Spring) $2; Miriam M. Claar Exline 
(Queen) $5; Jennie Beaver (Lewistown) $5; 
J. G. Norris (James Creek) $10; Mrs. Mary 
Rogers (James Creek) $10; Mary E. Detwiler 
(Huntingdon) $1; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek) $10, 644 36 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $15.51; In mem- 
ory of D. G. Shellenberger (Lost Creek) $5; 
Lizzie Ditmer (Lower Cumberland) $5; Jas. 
M. Moore (Waynesboro) $.50, 26 01 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $297; Ger- 
mantown, $83.50; S. S.: Norristown, $12.38; 
Aid Soc: Coventry $25; C. W. S.: Coventry 
Junior, $3; Indv.: Burton Metzler, $5, 425 88 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pittsburgh, $30; Pleasant 

Hill, $6.50; Ten Mile, $18.29, 54 79 

South Dakota— $6.00 

Aid Soc: Willow Creek 6 00 

Texas— $1.34 

Indv.: Mrs. Viola Black, 134 

Virginia— $266.36 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, 10 00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy, $6; P. E. Faw 
(Roanoke) $15; Aid Soc: Chestnut Grove, 
$15; Indv.: Lucy A. Manzy, $4, 40 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $45.50; S. 
H. Hausenfluck & Wife (Salem) $10, 55 50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Barren Ridge, $11.41; 
Middle River, $19.69; Pleasant Valley, $102.26; 
Eld. N. D. Cool (M. N.) (Bridgewater) $.50, 133 86 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 
son) $2; Indv.: S. H. Flora & Wife, $25, .... 27 00 
Washington— $73.00 

Cong.: Sunnyside, $12; Sister Bunce 
(Olympia) $5; Verna Eby (Olympia) $2; Ida 
McNamee (Olympia) $2; W. C. Lehman 
(First Spokane) $7; S. O. Hatfield (Wen- 

atchee) $40; Aid Soc: Olympia, $5, 73 00 

West Virginia— $35.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Bertha Spaid & Ada 
Davis (Capon Chapel) $15; Indv.: Mrs. P. F. 
Bowers, $5, 20 00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, $5; Maye 

& James Judy, $10, 15 00 

Wisconsin— $7.00 

Cong.: Ernie Holderman & Family (Stan- 
ley), 7 00 

Total for the month, $ 5,391 48 

Total previously reported, 38,052 39 

Total for the year, $43,443 87 

Arizona — $41.28 

S. S.: Glendale, $6.76; Phoenix, $34.52, ....$ 41 28 
California— $62.78 

No. Dist., S. S.: Oakland, $15.37; Lindsay, 
$14.86; Laton, $14.40; Live Oak, $6.57; Mc- 

Farland, $11.58, 62 78 

Colorado— $20.12 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Limon, 4 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Fruita, 16 12 

Florida— $6.50 

S. S. in the pines, 6 50 

Idaho— $86.47 

S. S.: Nampa, $19.12; Nezperce, $3.35; Twin 

Falls, $59.13; Weiser, $4.87, 86 47 

Illinois— $416.89 

No. Dist., S. S. : Douglas Park (Chicago) 
$12.76; Bethany (Chicago) $52.37; Students 
Class, Bethany (Chicago) $15; Elgin, $141.80; 
Hickory Grove, $7.50; Mt. Carroll, $1.55; Pine 
Creek, $6.66; Shannon, $13.15; Louisa (Wad- 
dams Grove) $26; West Branch, $8.05, 284 84 

So. Dist., S. S.: Allison Prairie, $4.65; South 
Fulton (Astoria) $25; Cerro Gordo, $45.62; 
Canton (Coal Creek) $9.35; Kaskaskia. $3.50; 
LaMotte Prairie, $8; Centennial (Okaw) 
$14.85; Woodland, $21.08 132 05 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana— $573.46 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Cart Creek Cong. & S. 
S., $30; Clear Creek, $21.40; Huntington City 
Cong. & S. S., $46.55; Landess, $7.55; Lower 
Deer Creek, $3.36; Markle, $2; Ogans Creek, 
$20.01; Pipe Creek, $36.50; Pleasant Dale, 
$16.19; Plunge Creek Chapel, $14.29; Spring 
Creek, $50.07; West Manchester, $15; 'West 
Marion, $5.53, 268 45 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethel, $14.57; Pleasant 
Chapel (Cedar Lake) $10; English Prairie, 
$17.51; Lakeview (LaPorte) $7.52; Maple 
Grove. $25; Nappanee, $34.04; No. Liberty, 
$20; Tippecanoe, $6.43; Union, $7.75; Wa- 
waka, $12.54, 155 36 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Sunbeam" Class, Ander- 
son, $4.40; Anderson, $40; Arcadia, $7.96; 
Four Mile, $25; Howard, $3.41; Indianapolis, 

$50.32; Rossville, $19.56, 149 65 

Iowa— $112.76 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Bagley, $3.20; Brook- 
lyn, $8.56; Dallas Center, $19.39; Panther 
Creek, $20.46, 51 61 

No. Dist., S. S.: Greene, $27.60; Sheldon, 
<U12 31 72 

So! Dist.,' S. S.: "Golden Gleaners'" 
Class, Fairview, $2.03;Fairview, $11.16; Os- 
ceola, $1.89; Ottumwa, $3.10; Salem, $11.25, 29 43 
Kansas — $160.26 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Buckeye, $6.52; Mor- 
rill, $27.97; Navarre, $10; Olathe, $12.40; 
Richland Center, $8; Oakland (Topeka) 
$27.65; Wade Branch, S. S. & Cong., $18.71, 111 25 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parsons, $9.50; Waverly 
(Scott Valley) $2.46, 1196 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Miami, $22.45; Newton, 

$7.32; E. Wichita, $7.28, 37 05 

Louisiana — $21.71 

S. S. : Roanoke 21 71 

Maryland— $296.95 

E. Dist., Locust Grove, $10; Westminster 
(Meadow Branch) $185.99; Grossnickle (Mid- 
dletown Valley) $13; Rocky Ridge (Mono- 
cacy) $4; Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) $11, .. 223 99 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Beaver Creek, $4; Broad- 
fording, $33.11; Manor, $20.85, 57 96 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Comrades Class," Ac- 
cident (Bear Creek), 15 00 

Missouri— $84.15 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Mound, $31.68; Spring 
Branch, $1.50 33 18 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Bethel (Bethel) $4.52; 
Shelby Co., $10; No. St. Joseph, $25; Waken - 
da, $8.95, 48 47 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 2 50 

Michigan— $60.68 

S. S.: Grand Rapids, $8.40; Lake View, 
$16.27; Long Lake, $6.45; Shepherd, $5.05; 
Thornapple, $18.16; Woodland Village, $3.26; 

Zion, $3.09 60 68 

Minnesota- $26.26 

S. S.: Hancock, $2.07; Minneapolis, $22.41; 

Bethel, $1.78 26 26 

Nebraska— $4.80 

S. S.: Alvo, 4 80 

North Carolina— $525 

S. S.: Brummett's Creek, 5 25 

North Dakota— $19.70 

S. S.: Egeland, $11.70; Minot, $8, 19 70 

Ohio— $800.53 

N. E. Dist., Olivet, $41.11; Third St., Ash- 
land City, $5.01; Baltic, $20.65; Bethel Ma- 
honing (Bethel) $6; Cleveland, $5.39; Hart- 
ville, $17.69; Elementary Dept., Hartvjlle, $11; 
Maple Grove, $17.35; Reading, $50; Richland, 
$8.08; Springfield, $12.60; Paradise and Woos- 
ter Cong., $40; Zion Hill, $8.50, 243 38 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Eagle Creek, $46.80; 
Fairview. $1.57; No. Poplar Ridge, $18.16; 
Pleasant View, $36.19; Poplar Ridge, $7.14; 
Oak Grove (Rome) $6.55; Ross, $8.08; Sugar 
Creek, $12.94; Sand Ridge, $13; E. Swan 
Creek (Swan Creek) $12.50; First Toledo, 

$8.10; Wyandot, $7.53, 178 56 

So. Dist., S. S.: Bear Creek, $63; "Busy 
Bees " Class (Bear Creek) $12; Zion (Brook- 
ville) p.73; Ft. McKinley, $39.26; Harris 

Creek, $12.70; Lexington, $3.70; Happy Cor- 
ner (Lower Stillwater) $16; Marble Furnace, 
$3.40; New Carlisle, $28.45; Red River (Paint- 
er Creek) $4.45; Painter Creek, $16.04; Pits- 
burg, $44.26; Strait Creek Valley, $6.32; 
Troy, $10; West Charleston S. S. & Cong., 

$64.48; West Milton, $50, 378 59 

Oklahoma— $10.71 

S. S.: Oklahoma City, $2.66; Thomas, $8.05, 10 71 
Oregon— $7.00 

S. S.: Ashland, 7 00 

Pennsylvania— $1,002.86 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners' Class," Ak- 
ron, $7; Chiques, $14.23; Conewago, $28.24; 
E. Petersburg, $20; Ephrata, $28.37; Harris- 
burg, $65; Hatfield, $100; Mountville, $18.32; 
Easton (Peach Blossom) $32.71; Spring Creek, 
$13.16; Hummelstown (Spring Creek) $18.06; 
Quakertown (Springfield) $8.44; Kemper's 
(Spring Grove) $13 366 53 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Germany Valley (Augh- 
wick) $5.50; Hill Valley (Aughwick) $2.30; 
Rockhill (Aughwick) $7; Clover Creek, $13.50; 
Dry Valley, $11.46; James Creek, $8.17; Lewis- 
town, $40; Smithfield, $8.14; Tyrone, $18.64; 
Curryville (Woodbury) $12.20; Holsinger 
(Woodbury) $12.64; Yellow Creek, $7.45, .... 147 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Brandt's (Back Creek) 
$8.42; Buffalo, $3.35; Carlisle, $11.70; Pleasant 
Hill, $3,15; Boiling Springs (Lower Cumber- 
land) $5.60; Gettysburg (Marsh Creek) $6; 
Fairview (New Fairview) $16.79; Shippens- 
burg (Ridge) $41.09; Melrose (Upper Codor- 
us) $9.38; Hampton (Upper Conewago) $6.20; 
East Berlin (Upper Conewago) $16.60, 128 28 

S. E. Dist.. S. S.: Coventry, $20; Parker 
Ford, $18, 38 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Chest Creek, $7; Geiger, 
$13; Georges Creek, $15.40; Mt. Joy (Jacobs 
Creek) $25.64; " Missionary Helpers ", Cone- 
maugh (Johnstown) $6; Maple Grove (Johns- 
town) $6.75; Waterford, $9; Locust Grove, 
$4.50; Diamondville (Manor) $6.65; Maple 
Glen, $10.91; Purchase Line (Manor) $21.92; 
Montgomery, $31.61; Moxham, $89.77; Maple 
Spring (Quemahhoning) $9.72; Greenville 
(Rockton) $5.40; Berkey (Scalp Level) $28.46; 

Summit Mills, $7; Viewmont, $24.32, 323 05 

South Carolina— $2.71 

S. S. : Mill Creek, 2 71 

Tennessee— $9.30 

S. S. : Meadow Branch, $5; Pleasant View, 

$4.30, 9 30 

Virginia— $448.43 

E. Dist., S. S.: Hermon (Midland), 10 00 

First Dist., S. S. : Chestnut Grove, $50.23; 
Bonsack (Cloverdale) $100; Cloverdale, $39; 
Johnsville, $20; Oak Grove (Peters Creek) 
$11; Peters Creek, $12.60; New Bethel (Trout- 
ville) $36, 268 83 

No. Dist., S. S.: Dayton (Cook's Creek) 
$11; Cedar Grove (Flat Rock) $8.85; Har- 
risonburg, $15.35; New Dale S. S. Classes 
(Lower Lost River) $2; Walnut Grove 
(Lower Lost River) $4.86; Bethel (No. Mill 
Creek) $6.48; New Dale (Unity) $5.05, 53 59 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, $4.60; Mt. 
Vernon Cong. & S. S., $15.23; Pleasant Val- 
ley, $56.60; Sangerville, $19.98; Grottoes (Val- 
ley Bethel) $5; Wesley Chapel (Valley Beth- 
el) $1.85, 103 26 

So. Dist., S. S.: Antioch, 12 75 

Washington— $178.64 

S. S.: Olympia, $58.30; Outlook, $15; Seat- 
tle, $14.43; First Spokane, $3.20; E. Wenat- 
chee, $62.71; Whitestone Cong. & S. S., $25, 178 64 
West Virginia— $70.55 

First Dist., S. S. : Bean Settlement, $6.28; 
Beaver Run, $5.67; Lime Rock (Eglon) $9; 
Maple Spring (Eglon) $32, 52.95 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Goshen, 17 60 

Wisconsin— $16.46 

S. S.: Chippewa Valley, $12.34; Maple 
Grove, $1.58; White Rapids, $2.54, 16 46 

Total for the month, $ 4,547 21 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 7,228 25 

Total for the year, $11,775 46 


Illinois— $40.90 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 
Bible School $ 40 90 

Total for the month, $ 40 90 

Total previously reported, 214 00 

Total for the year, $ 254 90 

Illinois— $10.00 
Xo. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mt. Mor- 
ris College, $ 10 00 

Kansas— $38.00 
S. W. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mc- 

Pherson College, 38 00 

Pennsylvania— $172.00 

E. Dist., Students & Faculty of Elizabeth- 
town College, 172 00 

Total for the month, $ 220 00 

Total previously reported, 2,308 95 

Total for the year, $ 2,528 95 

California— $13.85 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Fresno $ 3 85 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, 10 00 

Illinois— $112.50 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: No. 111. & Wis., 112 50 

Kansas— $8.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Belleville, 8 00 

Missouri— $43.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 43 00 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant View, 25 00 

Virginia— $85.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Linville Creek, $50; 
Dayton (Cooks Creek) $25, 75 00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: No. 2, Sangerville, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 287 35 

Total previously reported 8,106 20 

Total for the year, $8,393 55 

Arkansas — $10.00 

First Dist., Cong.: J. J. & N. A. Wassam 

(Austin), $ 

Illinois— $2.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 

Indiana — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A. M. Finley & Wife 

(Blue River), 

Missouri— $47.35 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 

Ohio— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Reading, 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Hollidays- 


West Virginia— $2.00 

Sec Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, 

10 00 

2 20 

5 00 

47 35 

50 00 

5 00 

2 00 

Total for the month, $ 121 55 

Total previously reported, 494 21 

Total for the year, $ 615 76 

Ohio— $28.53 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Woodworth D. V. B. 
S., $ 3 53 

So. Dist., S. S.: Dorcas Sisters Class, W. 

Milton, 25 00 

Virginia— $52.24 

E. Dist., Cong.: Trevilian, 52 24 

Total for the month, $ 80 77 

Total previously reported, 726 19 

Total for the year $ 806 96 

California— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Soul Savers Class, Glen- 

dora, $ 

Colorado — $6.50 

X. E Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 

Illinois— $14.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 67427 (Waddams 
Grove) $10; Cecil Sell (Mt. Morris) $4.50, .. 
Indiana— $2.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Jossie Hoover (Missis- 


Iowa — $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. L. H. Slifer (Grun- 
dy Co.), 

Ohic— $48.02 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Anna Desenberg (Ash- 
land City) $10; Loyal Women's Bible Class, 
Ashland City, $30 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middletown, $5.02; No. 

67598 (Ft. McKinley) $3, 

Pe nnsyl vania — $701.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Hollidays- 
burg) $10; A. L. Simmons (Clover Creek) 
$50; S. K. Wisler (Clover Creek) $100; Aid 
Soc: Clover Creek, $50, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lower Cumberland, 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Greentree, $51.75; Har- 
mony ville, $10, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, 

Virginia— $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc. : Linville Creek, 

Washington— $18.00 

S. S. : Forest Center, 

West Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., Cong.: B. F. Welsh (Knob- 

25 00 
6 50 

14 50 

2 50 

10 00 

40 00 

8 02 

210 00 
330 00 

61 75 
100 00 

25 00 

18 00 

5 00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

856 27 
2,247 44 

Total for the year, $ 3,103 71 


Illinois— $6.69 

So. Dist., Cong.: Girard, $ 

Indiana — $38.50 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: David Metzler (Nappa- 

So. Dist., Cong.: Union Chapel, 

Pennsylvania— $38.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mountville, 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Salemville (New Enter 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Amelia Boone 

(Sugar Valley), 

Virginia— $30.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Mill Creek, 

West Virginia— $2.00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, ... 

6 69 

8 50 

30 00 

23 75 

12 00 

'. 3 00 

30 00 


Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

115 9\ 
1,099 90 

Total for the year, $1,215 84 


Florida— $10.20 

Indv.: J. E. Young, $ 

Indiana— $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Guardian Class, No. Wi- 

10 20 

20 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 20 

Total previously reported, 717 50 

Total for the year, ' $ 747 70 


Indiana — $35.00 

Mid. Dist., Joint S. S. Convention, Mexi- 
co, Peru, Santa Fe, Pipe Creek & Logans- 


The Missionary Visitor 


port, 3 

P e nnsy 1 vania— $70 .00 

E. Dist., Cong.: R. C. Hinkle & Wife, 
(Big Swatara), 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Williamsburg, 

Virginia— $27.72 

No. Dist., S. S.: Cedar Grove (Flat Rock), 

35 00 

35 00 
35 00 

27 72 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

132 72 
1,044 69 

Total for the year, $ 1,177 41 

California— $9.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Oakland, $ 9 00 

Illinois— $81.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "True Blue" Class, Pine 
Creek, $6; Primary Dept. (Elgin) $25; Cherry 
Grove, $50, 81 00 

Iowa— $12.50 
No. Dist., Junior League, Grundy County, 12 50 

Kansas — $37.75 

N. E. Dist., Primary Dept. (Morrill), .... 35 00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Miami .... 2 75 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, 

Westminster (Meadow Branch), 25 00 

Michigan— $12.50 

Cong.: Dr. & Mrs. C. M. Mote (Beaver- 
ton) 12 50 

Minnesota— $12.50 

S. S.: Elementary Dept., Monticello, 12 50 

Ohio— $75.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleasant 

Hill) $25; Aid Soc: Lower Miami, $50, 75 00 

Pennsylvania— $34.10 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, 34 10 

Washington— $37.50 

Cong.: C. H. Maust (Seattle) $25; "Soul 
Savers" Class (Outlook) $12.50, 37 50 

Total for the month $ 336 85 

Total previously reported, 3,136 66 

Total for the year $ 3,473 51 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 30 00 

Total for the year, $ 35 00 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 4 10 

Total for the year $ 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cc 


9 10 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Indiana— $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Nappanee), . .$ 
Iowa— $15.45 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, 

Kansas— $4.11 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Independence, 

Maryland— $8.80 

W. Dist., S. S.: Pine Grove, 

Montana— $10.00 

W. Dist., Indv. : Mrs. Rachel Grove, .... 

5 00 
373 91 

378 91 

2 00 
15 45 
4 11 
8 80 
10 00 

Ohio— $6.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: W. Milton, .... 
Pennsylvania— $20.17 

E. Dist., C. W. S.: Palmyra, .... 
West Virginia — $2.00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, 

20 17 
2 00 

Total for the month, $ 68 53 

Total previously reported, 853 78 

Total for the year, $ 922 31 

California — $15.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. A. Waters (Hermosa 
Beach), $ 15 00 

Kansas — $15.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: F. E. Poister (Morrill), 15 00 
Michigan— $22.96 

Cong.: Galen Lehman (Sugar Ridge),, 22 96 

Total for the month, $ 52 96 

Total previously reported, 255 55 

Total for the year, $ 308 51 

Indiana— $30.00 
No. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove, $ 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 00 

Total previously reported, 197 00 

Total for the year $ 227 00 

California— $45.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Life Savers' Class, Glen- 
dora, $15; Aid Soc: Covina, $30, $ 45 00 

Total for the month, $ 45 00 

Total previously reported, 219 19 

Total for the year, $ 264 19 

Arizona — $10.63 

S. S. : Workers & Standard Bearers for 

Jesus, Classes, Glendale, .$ 

California— $9.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Oakland, 

Indiana— $12.50 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S.: Markle, 

Iowa— $25.00 

S. S.: Volunteer Class, Waterloo City, .. 
Kansas— $25.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Salem, 
Ohio— $37.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: King's Daughters Class, 
E. Chippewa, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Dorcas Sisters Class, W. 


Pennsylvania— $18.75 

So. Dist., S. S. : Always There Class. 
Waynesboro, 18 75 

10 63 

9 00 

12 50 

25 00 

25 00 

12 50 

25 00 

Total for the month, $ 138 38 

Total previously reported, 1,27101 

Total for the year, $1,409 39 

Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong. 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 13100 

Mt. Morris, $ 

5 00 

Total for the year, $ 136 00 


Kansas— $12.10 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Monitor, $ 12 10 

Total for the month, $ 12 10 

Total previously reported, 35 35 

Total for the year, $ 47 45 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pennsylvania— $25.80 

E. Dist., Aid Soc. : Harrisburg, $ 

25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported 15 84 

Total for the year $ 40 84 

California— $4.30 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterford, $ 4 30 

Indiana— $33.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Dr. & Mrs. G. H. Van- 
Dyke (No. Winona Lake) $25; S. S. : Mrs. 

Wm. Nickler's Class (Middlebury) $8, 33 00 

Kansas— $15.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Overbrook, 15 60 

Missouri— $2.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Maria Zirkle (Peace 

Valley), 2 00 

Ohio— $12.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Owl Creek, 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anna Lesh (Stonelick), 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

66 90 
2,945 52 

Total for the year, $ 3,012 42 

Iowa — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. N. B. Hirsch (Gar- 
rison) $ 5 00 

Oregon— $58.00 

Cong.: Portland, $49; Newberg, $9, 58 00 

Pennsylvania— $63.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $18; S. S. : 
Gleaner's Class, Akron, $15; Midway, $30, .. 63 00 
Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Lelia Looney (Olympia) $10; Laura 
Looney (Olympia) $6, 16 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

142 00 
3,823 90 

Total for the year, $ 3,965 90 

Ohio— $11.20 
N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $ 11 20 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

11 20 
242 94 

Total for the year, $ 254 14 

Indiana— $1.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Middlebury), 1 00 

Michigan— $2.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, 2 00 

Nebraska— $4.18 

S. S.: Octavia, 4 18 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

California— $130.07 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $31.03; Elk Run, 
$26.20; McFarland, $40.55, $ 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Los Angeles 

Colorado— $24.85 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 

Illinois— $1.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. H. Neal (Girard), 
Indiana— $23.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, 

Iowa— $5.00 

Cong.: Mrs. N. B. Hersch (Garrison), 

Maryland— $194.24 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $6; S. S.: De- 

7 18 
284 61 

291 79 

97 78 
32 29 

24 85 

1 00 

23 25 

5 00 

tour (Monocacy) $8; C. W. S.: Meadow 
Branch, $102 H6 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run, $38.24; 
Broadfording (Welsh Run) $35; John Row- 
land, Broadfording (Welsh Run) $5, 

Michigan— $145.25 

Cong.: Woodland Village, $13.25; Detroit, 

$59; Woodland, $26; Onekama, $47, 

Ohio— $120.88 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 67291 (Akron) $1.50; 
S. S.: Wingfoot Corner (Springfield) $40, .. 41 50 

X. W. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View, $61.85; 
Oak Grove (Rome) $12.53; Indv.: Minnie E. 

Yore, $5, 

Oklahoma— $1.45 

S. S. : Guthrie, 

Pennsylvania— $744.93 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $90; West Con- 
estoga, $137.07; Little Swatara, $30; Indian 
Creek, $121.54; Palmyra, $191.95; E. Fairview, 
$57.69; Myerstown, $45.52; S. S.: Salunga (E. 
Petersburg) $25.50, 699 27 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Snake Spring, $14.38; 
First Altoona, $7; Mary A. Kinsey (Dun- 
nings Creek) $5, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Missionary Assn., 
Waynesboro, $10; S. S.: Walgamuth (Lower 

Conewago) $9.28, 

South Dakota— $2.00 

Indv.: No. 67800, 

78 24 

145 25 

79 38 

1 45 

26 38 

19 28 

West Virginia— $5.00 

Indv.: Mrs. P. F. Bowers, 

2 00 

5 00 

Total for the month, $1,397 92 

Total previously reported, 2,226 76 

Total for the year, $3,624 68 


Iowa— $13.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Council Bluffs, $ 13 00 

Total for the month, $ 13 00 

Total previously reported, 26 00 

Total for the year, $ 39 00 

Colorado— $20.00 

W. Dist., C. W. S.: Fruita, $ 20 00 

Illinois— $10.00 

So. Dist., LaMotte Prairie S. S. & Aid 

Soc, 10 00 

Maryland— $80.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Middletown Valley, 80 00 

Pennsylvania— $34.44 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lost Creek, 34 44 

Total for the month, $ 144 44 

Total previously reported, 3,577 77 

Total for the year, $ 3,722 21 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Hill, $ 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 8,454 41 

Total for the year, $ 8,479 41 

Arizona — $19.00 

Cong.: Phoenix $ 

California— $81.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Oakland, $30; Reedley, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Long Beach, 

Illinois— $1,075.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chicago, $1,000; Mil- 
ledge ville, $35; Mt. Morris, $40, 1,075 00 

Indiana— $218.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington City, $17; 
Markle, $2, 19 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Lake, $60; New 
Paris, $93, 153 00 

19 00 

71 00 
10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $42.50; Ko- 

komo, $4.25, 46 75 

Iowa— $12.00 

No. Dist., Indv. : Mary D. Welty, 12 00 

Maryland— $11.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, 1100 

Michigan— $18.48 

Cong.: Crystal, $10.48; A Sister (Hart) $8, 18 48 
Minnesota— $7.00 

S. S.: Lewiston, 7 00 

North Dakota— $41.92 

Cong. : Cando, 41 92 

Ohio— $510.27 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Black River, $15.56; 
Bristolville, $5; Goshen, $33.11; Ray Helser 
(Olivet) $50; Perry D. Helser (Olivet) $50; 
Bessie L. Snider (Olivet) $52, 205 67 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Fostoria 102 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, $197; Fan- 
nie Sotsing (W. Milton) $5, 202 00 

Pennsylvania— $313.69 

E. Dist., Cong.: Conestoga, $15.75; L. G. 
Nyce & Wife (Indian Creek) $5; Palmyra, 
$278.94, 299 69 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Queen, 7 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: T. C. Maugans (Brook- 
lyn) 700 

Tennessee— $5.00 

Cong.: Cedar Grove, 5 00 

Virginia— $166.21 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, $7.40; Tre- 
vilian, $36.17, 43 57 

No. Dist., Cong.: Joe Gochenour (Flat 
Rock), $5; Linville Creek, $64.50; S. S.: 
" Sunshine " Class, Mt. Pleasant (Mill 
Creek), $12, 81 50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, 41 14 

Total for the month, $ 2,479 32 

Total previously reported, 32,774 58 

Total for the year $35,253 90 

Nebraska— $6.49 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, $ 6 49 

Total for the month, $ 6 49 

Total previously reported, 74 73 

Total for the year, $ 81 22 

Colorado— $200.00 

N. E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (Haxtun) for Dr. 

Barbara Nickey, $ 200 00 

Idaho— $100.00 

Nezperce Cong, for Dr. D. L. Horning, . . 100 00 
Illinois— $25.50 

No. Dist., Naperville S. S., for Kathryn 
Garner, 18 00 

So. Dist., Panther Creek S. S., for Eliza 

B. Miller 7 50 

Indiana— $350.00 

Mid. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong., for Anna 
M. Forney, 225 00 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Cong., for Nettie B. 

Summer, " , , 125 00 

Iowa— $900.00 

Mid. Dist., W. I. Buckingham (Prairie 
City) for Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, $75; Pan- 
ther Creek S. S.: for Mrs. E. L. Ikenberry, 
$125, 200 00 

No. Dist., Grundy Co. Cong, for Harlan 

Smith & Family, 700 00 

Kansas— $1,192.64 

N. E. Dist. Congs., for Ella Ebbert, 250 00 

N. W. Dist. S. S.'s, for Howard Alley, ... 500 00 

S. E. Dist. Congs., for Mrs. E. H. Eby, . . 142 64 

S. W. Dist. Congs., for Frank Crumpacker 

and wife, 300 00 

Nebraska— $152.70 

Bethel Cong., for R. C. Flory, 152 70 

Ohio— $429.66 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S., for A. D. Helser, 54 66 

N. W. Dist., H. A. Throne & Wife (Sil- 

ver Creek) for Chalmer Shull, $125; Lick 

Creek Cong., for Elizabeth Kintner, $250, . . 375 00 

Pennsylvania— $762.50 

E. Dist., Fairview S. S. (Peach Blossom) 
for Anna Hutchison, $80; Conestoga Cong., 
for Leah Glasmire, $275, 355 00 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong., for Mrs. E. 
L. Eikenberry, $15; Everett Cong., for Carl 
Cofiman, $125, 140 00 

So. Dist., Waynesboro Cong., for Lizzie 
N. Flory, 100 00 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong., for H. 
Stover Kulp, 30 00 

W. Dist., Rummel Cong., for Anna Z. 
Blough, 137 50 

Virginia— $610.85 

No. Dist. Congs., for I. S. Long & Wife, 600 00 
Sec. Dist., Elk Run Cong., for Sarah Z. 
Myers 10 85 

Total for the month, $4,723 85 

Total previously reported, 25,169 96 

Total for the year, $29,893 81 


(Continued from Page 22) 
children from other lands who have made 
their home in America, her usual colorful 
and original qualities. There is the same 
charm and appeal that mark all of Miss 
Applegarth's work, and which leaves such 
a deep impression on the child's mind and 
heart. Leaders in religious work of all 
kinds with children will find this book 
an indispensable aid in teaching home mis- 
sions to little folks. 


" Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord, I care not how ; 
But stir my heart in passion for the world: 
Stir me to give, to go, but most to pray; 

Stir, till the blood-red banner be unfurled 
O'er lands that still in heathen darkness lie, 
O'er deserts where no cross is lifted high. 
" Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord, till all my heart 
Is filled with strong compassion for these 
Till thy compelling ' must ' drives me to 
Till thy constraining love reach to the 
Far North and South, in burning deep 
desire ; 
Till East and West are caught in love's 
great fire. 
"Stir me, O Lord! Thy heart was stirred 

By love's intensest fire, till thou did'st give 
Thine only Son, thy best-beloved One, 
E'en to the dreadful cross that I might 
Stir me to give myself so back to thee 
That thou can'st give thyself again 
through me. 
" Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord; for I can see 

Thy glorious triumph day begin to break; 
The dawn already gilds the Eastern sky! 

O Church of Christ, awake ! — awake ! 
Oh, stir us, Lord, as heralds of that day! 
The night is past, our King is on his way 1' 

MiiMiM iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniiiiiiim 



Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 
Bronderslev, Denmark 

• Esbensen, Niels, 1920 

• Esbensen, Christine, 1920 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmo, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 191-1 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 19W 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language School, 

Pekin, China 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1911 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 

Sbou Yang, Shansi, China 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Miller, Valley, 1919 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 

Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 

Canton, China 

• Gwong. Moy, 1920 
Smith, Albert R., 1923 
Smith, Verona, 1923 

On Furlough 

Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College, 
Heisey, Walter J., 3435 Van 
* Native workers trained i 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Heisey, Sue R., 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Oberholtzer, I. E., Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., 1916 

Oberholtzer, Eliz. VV., 

Elizabethtown, Pa., 1916 

Seese, Norman A., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1917. 

Seese 1 Anna, Bridgewater, 
Va., 1917 

Shock, Laura J., 5752 Dor- 
chester Ave., Chicago, 1916 

Wampler, Ernest M., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 

Wampler, Vida A., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 
Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, 
via Jos, Nafada & Biu 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 

Burke, Marguerite Schrock 

Helser, A. D., 1922 

Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 

Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 

Kulp, Ruth Royer, 1923 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 

Bilimora, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer G, 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Erne V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 
Wolfe, L. Mae, 1922 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 


Forney. Anna M., 1897 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G, 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 


Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F, 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winerer. 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Replogle, Sara G, 1919 
On Furlough 
Garner, H. P., 164 N. Prairie 

St., Batavia, 111., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 164 N. 
Prairie St., Batavia, 111., 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Miller, Eliza B., Waterloo, 

la., R. 1, 1900 
Mohler, Jennie, Leeton, Mo., 
care of D. L. Mohler, 1916 
Ross, A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 
Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Limerick, 
Pa., 1908 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant 
Hill, O., 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill, O., 1904 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., 1894 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fibher, E. R., 1922 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


January 31 to February 8 



In co-operation with 
The Home Department of 


The tentative list of speakers and instructors includes 
the following: A. P. Blough, Ezra Flory, C. D. Bon- 
sack, M. R. Zigler, C. H. Shamberger, S. S. Blough, 
Spenser Minnich, J. S. Noffsinger, beside those who 
are members of the Bethany Faculty, such as A. C. 
Wieand, J. W. Lear, J. Hugh Heckman, Mrs. Cora 
Stahly and D. D. Funderburg. 


9: 00 to 10: 00 Bible Study 

10: 00 to 11: 00 The Pastor and His Work 

11:00 to 12:00 Chapel 

1: 00 to 2: 00 Church Efficiency 

2: 00 to 3: 00 Religious Education 

3:00 to 4:00 Missions, Sociology, Home 

Standards, etc. 
6:30 to 7:30 Open Forum 
8:00 to 9:00 Lecture 

Every minister and church leader is urged to attend 

this school which is definitely planned for the 

study of rural church problems 

For particulars write Bethany Bible School, 3435 Van Bur en St., 
Chicago, III, or the Home Department, Qeneral Mission Board, 
Elgin, Illinois. 



Chuvclivof the 'Brethren 

xn ^, v 

Vol. XXVI 

Felbrtaary, 1924 

No. 2 








H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 

QTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man- 
Chester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
tfiother's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
ted extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription 
for every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars, or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Cpmmittee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor, will 
Be sent to ministers of the Church ol thie—Brethren. * ^ 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change, of address'" should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as : new. Please order paper >each .year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous ye%r. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin:, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage * provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



The Share Plan Opens the Doors 


and let the light of Jesus shine en 
the children of India and China? 

TICAL METHOD whereby Sunday 
schools and individuals can do mis 
sionary work and receive regular re 
ports from the field where their money 
is being used. 

Write for information 


Church of the Brethren 

Elgin, 111. 

■ i -i ■ ■■■,-■- 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVI 


No. 2 



The Missionary Enterprise, 33 

The Missionary Contributions of the Sunday Schools, 34 


Africa, " Whither Away? " By H. Stover Kulp, 35 

Church of the Brethren Hospital at Ping Ting Dedicated, 39 

The Missionary Aim, By W. Harlan Smith, 40 

Baxter Morrill Mow, By W. H. Sanger, 42 

Anna Beahm Mow, By Agnes C. Kessler, 43 

Albert R. Smith, By Perry L. Rohrer, 45 

Verona Kreider Smith, By Levi Minnich, 46 

India Notes, By Nora R. Hollenberg, 47 

China Notes, By Sarah Ziegler Myers, 48 


Home Mission Implications, By M. R. Zigler, 50 

Echoes from the Church of the Brethren Industrial School, By Mrs. A. 
F. Bollinger, 51 


Missionary News, 52 

A China Girls' Boarding School, By Martha Shick, 53 


Biddy Black and Speckle (Part 2), 55 

By the Evening Lamp, 56 

Prayer of an Indian Child, 57 

Nuts to Crack, 57 



The Missionary Enterprise 

The Impelling Motive. 

A Christian has no right nor wish to keep 
Christ unto himself. A soul's desire to 
communicate Christ to others is measured 
by the genuineness and depth of his experi- 
ence in Christ. None of us have come into 
possession of a valuable truth without feel- 
ing keenly the desire to communicate it to 
others. The missionary program throughout 
the years has been a difficult one. It has 
cost the lives of thousands, it has separated 
beloved children from their parents, it has 
required millions of dollars, but, because 
the experience of the church in God through 
Christ has been so deep and sweet, men 
have broken down all obstacles to make 

Christ known in all lands. A normal Chris- 
tian experience is well shown in the record 
of Andrew, who, having been at the feet 
of Christ, immediately found his brother 
Simon and said, "We have found the 
Christ" (John 1: 41). If a professing Chris- 
tian says he does not believe in missions 
he brings a strong indictment against his 
own spiritual experience. The question of 
geography has nothing to do with the de- 
sire in man's heart to make Christ known. 
The most possible leniency to be allowed 
Christians who object to missions is that 
they have never comprehended the content 
of our faith, and it is the imperative duty of 
a church to cause its members to know 


The Missionary Visitor 


iGod's plan of salvation for the world. At 
this point we feel that a tremendous respon- 
sibility rests with ministers and others who 
are called to lead in our churches. 

Christ Is Needed in All the World. 

That the world needs help requires no 
argument. In sheltered America we are 
not nearly so conscious of it as our brothers 
who suffer in many lands. It would be 
conceded, even by the ungodly, that some 
higher ideal of life is needed to help the 
struggling masses. Those who have made 
thorough studies have come to believe be- 
cause of God's Word, and because of studies 
apart from the Bible, that there is no system 
of economics, politics, industrialism or re- 
ligion that supplies the necessary ideal with 
impelling motives, as does faith in Jesus 

We feel the need for world-wide mis- 
sions more today than in the past. Today 
a catastrophe in Japan or Germany is im- 
mediately felt, financially, here in America. 
Our daily papers bring news of a calamity 
on the other side of the globe before the 
day is over. To profess Christ and not to 
be touched by such misfortunes indicates a 
hardening of our hearts, or a softening of 
the brain, or both. 

Physical suffering is caused largely by 
want of an adequate spiritual ideal. There- 
fore, we should get at the cause. The 
Brethren people are not hardened at heart, 
for no appeal to relieve physical suffering 
goes unheeded. In fact, we are so touched 
that we contribute to relieve hunger and 
physical suffering and neglect our spiritual 
ministrations. We must get at the source 
of the world's ills. To allow people to con- 
tinue to drink at an impure spring is crim- 
inal, even though we maintain a modern 
hospital at great expense to treat typhoid 
patients. Of course, the patients must be 
treated, but most of all the spring should 
be purified. Witness, for instance, the ills 
of Europe today. Surely, we must alleviate 
their hunger and cold, but how much better 
it would be if we could have helped them 
really to know Christ, who would have 
saved them from their present state! And 
the distress of Europe is common to the 
lands of the East, to which we should 
hasten ambassadors of Christ, to save both 
soul and body. 

The Reflex on the Home Church. 

No union of husband and wife is fully 
complete until it is welded by the presence 
of a child, for whom life is given, and in 
whose life the personality of the parents 
can be perpetuated. The toiling of the 
mother and the paying of the father for 
their children have been a blessing to many 
a home. Likewise a church, composed of 
folks with varying temperaments, with 
members who, at times, feel that it would 
be better to withdraw, has no greater bond- 
strengthening unity than a healthful mis- 
sionary program to which the church has 
dedicated unstintingly its children and its 

The By-Products of Missions. 

The greatest values in the world are spir- 
itual and can be seen only by those who 
are spiritually minded. There are, how- 
ever, many by-products of missions that 
can be seen by any fair-minded person. 
Among these are good governments, pros- 
perous trade, a Christian civilization, Chris- 
tian influence, world peace and, indeed, any- 
thing good in our civilization is a by-product 
of missions. Witness, for instance, the good 
growing out of the Washington Disarma- 
ment Conference, where a number of the 
official representatives from China were 
men who had been trained in mission 

The Missionary Contributions of the Sunday 

The third Sunday missionary offering in 
the Sunday-schools has been a big help both 
to the receiver and the giver. Without this 
help the missionaries would have been cut off 
from funds that are imperative for their 
work. The gift has had a splendid reflex 
action. Our Sunday-schools are promoted 
so that the pupils may learn the mind of 
God. We learn by doing and the giving on 
the third Sunday for others has helped us 
to be better Christians. When the appeal 
was made for this offering it was asked only 
until the end of the Board's fiscal year, which 
closes with February. However, considering 
the continued need every school is urged to 
continue the special missionary offering once 
each month. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Africa, "Whither Away?" 


THE following incident is related con- 
cerning Dr. Laws of the Livingstonia 
Mission of East Africa: 

One day a man was carried into the house. 
The doctor was lying ill, but he arose and 
found that the leg had been smashed and 
a chunk of the flesh blown away. There was 
nothing to do but amputate at the hip joint. 

"No, no," said the man, " I don't want my 
leg taken away." 

" Then you will die," replied the doctor. 
" You are half dead already." 

But neither he nor his friends would con- 
sent to the operation, and the doctor could 
only bandage the leg and give an opiate. As 
the man was bleeding to death he cried re- 
peatedly, " I am going, white man ! Where 
am I going, white man?" 

"Ay, WHITHER AWAY?" echoed the 
doctor, sadly, and for weeks he could not 
get the words out of his mind. — " Laws of 
Livingstonia," pp. 210-211. 

If only that bitter cry could ring in the 
heart of all Christians. Would to God that 
that ringing should not cease until they 
had satisfied their conscience before God 
that they had done what they could to put 
a hope into the eternity of the millions of 

Christian missions, to be blessed of God 
with Holy Spirit power, must ever have as 
their first motive the saving of the lost. 
Is this as it used to be? Those lights that 
used to flash every few seconds above the 
platforms at our missionary meetings — do we 
see them as frequently as we did some years 
ago? The missionary's first work is Christ's 
first work, to seek and to save that which 
is lost. LOST! Do you believe that peo- 
ple are lost without Christ? It was the 
passion for lost souls that sent Carey to 
India, Judson to Burma, Gilmore to Mon- 
golia, and Livingstone to Africa. Without 
this passion missionaries had better stay at 
home and plow corn. Without this passion 
Mission Boards had better organize as com- 
mercial corporations. Without this passion, 
the work of the missionary is a dull, un- 
inspiring and uninspired task. The church 
that has not this passion is dead, spiritually 
dead. There are many tasks that a mis- 
sionary must do. He must preach the Word, 
teach school, make roads, write books, minis- 
ter to the sick; but he must not lose the 

passion for lost souls, nor must he forget 
that everything he does has the ultimate 
aim to bring souls to Christ, who alone is 
mighty to save. 

Not a sparrow falls without the Father's 
notice. Because souls, made in his own 
image, are of infinitely more value than 
many sparrows, how he must grieve as they 
pass from him forever! And why? Be- 
cause of sin, because the messenger of God 
cometh late. Ask yourself, my dear reader, 
this question regarding the thousands of 
black men in Africa who have died this day 
without Christ and without hope: "Whither 
away?" If there is no responsive chord 
touched in your soul, pray God to reveal 
the sin that is keeping the power of the 
Holy Spirit out of your life. Pray for a 
revival in your own heart and in the church. 

" Revive us again — may each soul be re- 
kindled with fire from above." 

Influences Now Changing Nigeria 

Nigeria, with a present population of about 
20,000,000, now ranks next to India in the 
British Empire as far as population is con- 
cerned. More and more it is gaining a 
prominent place in the empire because of 
its rich deposits of tin and coal, its agri- 
cultural wealth, its possibility of produc- 
ing motor fuel. The Niger River, with its 
tributaries, is the greatest commercial water- 
way in Africa. Nigeria, that was yesterday, 
is passing today, and will not be tomor- 
row. "Whither away?" Tossed about by 
the winds of so many influences, one wonders 
which direction the current of life will take 
when the storm is over. If we would have 
the tide turn toward Christ, we must be 
in earnest with our mission program. Mis- 
sionaries as early as the Edinburgh Confer- 
ence in 1910 were emphasizing the fact that 
in North Central Africa was to be found 
the strategic field of missionary endeavor. 
For it was here that the missionaries of 
Christ and those of Mohammed were meet- 
ing face to face. It was here that a pagan 
people were faced with two missionary, re- 
ligions. Would these pagans eventually 
choose the false prophet or the true Light 
of the world? The answer to this ques- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Traveling in Search 

tion had and still has far-reaching results, 
for as these tribes go, so will go the rest 
of Africa to the south. Will the banner of 
the Cross or of the crescent float over 
Africa ? 

The question may well be asked, Will 
either of these religions, Christianity or Mo- 
hammedanism, be the future religion of these 
people? Is it not likely that they will cling 
to their own heathen beliefs? The intro- 
duction of modern commercial and industrial 
enterprise and of new methods of govern- 
ment under the sovereignty of European 
powers is making it impossible for the pres- 
ent form of religion to remain. 

The power of the chief as a civil ruler 
has always been closely allied with his power 
as a religious ruler. As the leader of the 
tribe he was vested with magical powers. 
The main business of the chief was to settle 
disputes, try • criminals, and lead in war 
against neighboring tribes. The performing 
of all these duties was always done with 
religious ceremonies. Guilt was decided by 
the action of poison on the accused him- 
self, or on a cock or dog as his proxy. 
Victory was determined by the exercise of 
magical powers, supposed to be attained by 
the possession of certain " medicine " con- 
cocted by some witch doctor. Defeat was 
due to the fact that the other side pos- 
sessed the stronger medicine. Along comes 
the white man, with trial based on the 
evidence in the case. Away goes the faith of 
the black man in his medicine. The white man 

of Our Field of Service 

wins because his guns shoot farther than the 
arrows of the black, and no "medicine," how- 
ever religiously concocted, can save him. 
Only recently, when nearly a score of mur- 
derers were executed, the friends resorted to 
the " medicine " of the native witch doctor 
to save their lives, but to no avail. All this 
means that the faith of the native in his 
religion is going, for it no longer works. 
The civil power of the chief is also waning, 
for it is based on a faith in the heathen 

What is taking the place of the civil and 
religious authority which has been lost? 
Anarchy does not reign, for the European 
power is present to carry on the govern- 
ment. There have been several instances 
where the tribes have deliberately chosen to 
come under the dominion of a European 
power without any compulsion of force, 
choosing rather the justice of the white 
rulers than the uncertainty of their own 
way of proving guilt. In addition, they have 
seen the advantages gained by peace from 
intertribal warfare, which has practically 
ceased since the advent of European sover- 

But what about the religion? Does the 
new European power also embody a- new 
religion for the people to replace the old 
one, which their influence has caused to fall 
into disrepute? On the contrary, they have 
decided to have nothing to do in matters of 
religion ; to take a neutral attitude. This is 
the avowed policy of the government. The 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Messenger, Steward, and Cook on Duty 

African will be religious, so his religion must 
of necessity come from some source other 
than the government. 

Commercial and industrial enterprise has 
lent its influence in breaking down the power 
of the religion of these peoples. In Amer- 
ica and Europe we have come to our present 
state of development in commerce and in- 
dustry by a more or less gradual process. 
Can you imagine Abraham or Moses com- 
ing back and living in England or America? 
In Nigeria we have a people who have been 
living as did the people in the time of Abra- 
ham, suddenly thrust into the midst of a 
twentieth century civilization, with its motor 
cars, railroads, telegraph, and a hundred and 
one bewildering things. The old wonders of 
the natural world which they used to wor- 
ship cannot be compared to these marvelous 
inventions of the white man. Consequently, 
this old worship is discarded. 

Advantages to the Mission Enterprise in the 
Present Condition of Affairs 

Peace, permitting uninterrupted trade, has 
led to the intermingling of the tribes. Men 
come from many tribes to work in the mines, 
or engage in trade. This is making all the 
peoples accessible to the messenger of the 
Cross. Prejudice against the white man 
and his ways is breaking down, and the two 
races are beginning to understand each 
other. The black man is seeing the ad- 
vantages in education and is willing to adopt 

new things. In many places the missionary 
is not only unopposed but is openly welcomed 
and urged to come. 

A second advantage is the use of a single 
language. Government and industry have 
united to bring much pressure to bear on 
the various tribes to adopt a common 
language. The advantage of this will be 
tremendous. When one considers that every 
one of the scores of tribes has a separate 
language, and that sometimes these tribes 
number only a few thousand, it can readily 
be seen what a great saving of effort and 
time in translation can be made. Already 
one can travel through most all the tribes 
of Northern Nigeria and find some one in 
each of the tribes who knows this language. 
However, as yet this language is not suffi- 
ciently well known so that the missionary 
can dispense with learning the tribal lan- 
guage. It is to be hoped, however, that the 
training of native workers can be in this 
language, so that they may be sent far and 
wide with the gospel message. After all, if 
Africa is to be evangelized, it will be evan- 
gelized by Africans. 

Some Barriers in the Way of Christian 

It may be well to consider some of the 
barriers in the way of the Christian advance 
into North Central Africa, or the Sudan, 
as it is more commonly called. First, among 
these, is the indifference of the white man, 


The Missionary Visitor 


official or trader, to the missionary enter- 
prise. In the mind of the black man every 
white man is a representative of Christ. 
What a pity this is not so ! Two mission- 
aries recently visited one of the strongest 
native rulers of Nigeria, accompanied by 
the local government official. The king 
asked the official if the missionaries were 
of the same religion as he (the official). 
The official turned the question over to the 
missionaries, but they turned it back to him, 
saying it was his question. He replied to 
the king in a " modified " affirmative. There 
are some traders and officials who are ac- 
tively Christian, and for these we praise God. 
This was not always the way in this country. 
Dr. Baikie, who did so much to open up 
Nigeria to commerce and to establish Great 
Britain's claim on the land, had translated 
most of the New Testament and some of 
the Old Testament into one of the great 
languages of the country. He also gave the 
advice to traders and government men that 
they should never argue about religion, but 
if opportunity were given they were to ex- 
plain Christianity fully and clearly. When 
the government was first established at 
Lagos the official lived for many years in 
the house belonging to the missionaries who 
had been there before the government. Com- 
mercial and civil expeditions were always ac- 
companied by missionaries in the former 
days. But that day is past. And now, 
with a few notable exceptions, the officials 
and commercial men are indifferent to the 
claims of Christ on their own lives or upon 
the people among whom they live. relates to education, the government 
has given every encouragement to the Chris- 
tian mission in non-Moslem tribes. The 
government did establish a school where 
there was to be no religious teaching. This 
did not prove successful, for the chiefs who 
sent their sons said they became proud and 
disrespectful. In places where the greater 
percentage of the population is Moslem, the 
government is directing the establishment of 
schools in which Mohammedanism is being 
taught along with other subjects. This 
means that soon there will be a large number 
of well-trained Mohammedan Mallams, the 
product of these schools. At first one is 
prone to condemn the government for this 
policy. But, after all, is it not democratic? 

The people pay the taxes to support the 
schools, and should they not have a voice as 
to the type of schools that should be placed 
in their midst? Quite naturally a Moslem 
community will ask that the Koran and the 
religion of Mohammed be taught. However, 
one faces the fact that these well-trained 
Mallams scattered throughout Northern 
Nigeria will prove a serious challenge to 
the advancement of the Christian faith. 

Again, the language which is being 
adopted as the common tongue in this sec- 
tion of the Sudan, is the language of a tribe 
of energetic Moslem traders, the Hausa. So 
that, if the adoption of a common language 
is an asset to the Christian mission, it is of 
far greater advantage to the one who is 
propagating Mohammedanism. Already 
these Hausa traders, now at liberty to go 
anywhere, are establishing mosques in all 

Suppose these pagan tribes should be ab- 
sorbed by Islam, would it better their con- 
dition temporally, not to say eternally? 
Let us take a few examples. Polygamy as it 
is practiced among the pagans, exists largely 
as a matter of necessity from the pagan point 
of view. An unmarried person in a pagan 
tribe is unthinkable. They do not exist. By 
constant raids and intertribal wars, the 
number of males was always in the minority. 
The surplus of women was absorbed by 
polygamy. The advent of peace is equaliz- 
ing the number of men and women. Chris- 
tianity comes in with its ideal home life, 
based on monogamy, and is just the need. 
A Moslem can have at least four wives, and 
we know some who have. forty. This means 
that the men of wealth, usually the older 
men, take their choice of the fine young 
women of the community, and the young 
men find no suitable mates, but must be con- 
tent with the old or diseased women, cast 
off from the harems of the older and 
wealthier men. 

In the face of all these adversaries what 
shall we say? Shall we say with Paul, who 
was faced with great opposition at Ephesus, 
that there is a great door open for effectual 
work and there are many adversaries (2 
Cor. 16 : 9) ? Let us enter this open door 
with full faith in the redeeming power of 
our God and his Christ. It is a hard task, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


is anything too hard for our God? Again, 
if these people are not reached with the Gos- 
pel, the failure will not be God's but ours. 
Yonder is the mighty waterfall, capable of 
producing power to bring light to the homes 
of millions of people. But plans on paper 
and speeches about unused resources will 
never bring the light. Pipes must be laid 
to conduct this water to mighty turbines, 
so that the power may be transformed into 
light. When the church of Jesus Christ is 
made up of members who have buried them- 
selves in a full surrender to him, his power 
will be available through them for this and 
every task confronting the Christian church. 
Garkida, Africa. 


By Frances S. Hannay 
If you could stand in Africa tonight, 

And see the moonlight on those green-clad 
hills ; 

If you could hear the youths' wild, minor 

Dancing their life out, in that calm moon- 
light ; 

If you could know the pity of their plight 

Without God, in a world of deadening ills — 

Then you would know the deep despair that 

The heart of sinsick Africa tonight. 

And God says, " Go," to all who name the 

And out of darkness reach those hands for 

Upon us be the burden of the shame 

That Christ reigns not in Africa, tonight. 

Church of the Brethren Hospital at Ping Ting 



Note: Although the hospital work at Ping Ting 
has been in the process of growth for several years, 
and the completed hospital has been in full use, yet 
the formal dedication did not take place until Nov. 
13, 1923. 

THE formal opening of the Brethren 
Hospital at Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, 
occurred on Nov. 13. In addition to 
a considerable number of guests from other 
institutions in the province, there were 
present Dr. and Mrs. Maxwell, of this col- 
lege, and Mr. Goodrich, of the China Medi- 
cal Board. 

The college has considerable interest in 
this hospital, as it is here that Drs. Maxwell 
and Miles have made prolonged studies in 
the care and cure of patients suffering from 
osteomalacia. The board's assistance has 
been confined to two small grants in aid 
towards furnishing it with a share of its 
laboratory and X-ray equipment, and to 
providing scholarship assistance for Dr. 
Wampler, the superintendent, both in the 
United States and in Peking, and for Dr. 
Coffman and Mr. Pien, the laboratory tech- 
nician, also in Peking. 

Ping Ting is not a large town, but it prom- 
ises to be an increasingly important point, 
as it is in the center of the richest mineral 
and mining section in the province and one 

of the richest in China. The hospital is of 
note, as already it records the largest num- 
ber of in-patients of any hospital in the 
province, those in the provincial capital ex- 
cepted, is specially prepared to handle ac- 
cident cases, and is equipped with such items 
as electric lighting, X-ray, central heating, 
modern plumbing, and a motor ambulance. 
Its staff includes one Chinese and two 
American physicians, two foreign trained 
nurses, fourteen pupil nurses, and one labo- 
ratory technician. 

The most prominent of the local gentry 
present at the opening ceremony was the 
hsien magistrate, who presented the hospi- 
tal with a sum of Mex. $1,000, raised from 
the business men and officials of the District. 
The largest subscribers were representatives 
of the foundries and mines of the District, 
which also contribute annually to the in- 
stitution. Dr. Wampler also rendered a 
brief history of j:he hospital, Dr. Tucker, of 
Tehchow, spoke on modern developments 
in medicine, and the Rev. Dr. Crumpacker 
offered the dedicatory prayer. The colonel 
of the local brigade in representing the city 
expressed the gratitude of the people for 
the hospital, and Mr. Goodrich read a short 
paper on " The Educational Hospital." 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary Aim 


A BIG ocean liner, carrying a thousand 
or more passengers, is slowly plowing 
its way across the briny deep toward 
a foreign port. Among these passengers 
we find three consecrated Christian men. 
One is a preacher, one is a teacher, and the 
other is a doctor. We learn in the course 
of time that all three are representatives 
of a certain church in America, and that 
they are on their way to a certain mission 
field of this church in a foreign land. We 
have various opportunities to converse 
with them, and find that, although each has 
a different kind of work to do on that spe- 
cific mission field, yet all have one and the 
same supreme ultimate aim and purpose, 
which takes them away from their native 
land and friends, to a far-distant and 
strange land. 

This aim or purpose should be firmly 
fixed and unwaveringly followed by every 
missionary on the foreign mission field, 
whether teacher, preacher, builder, house- 
wife, nurse or doctor. The home church 
ought also to have a clear idea of the ulti- 
mate aim of the great enterprise which it 
is supporting. Now this ultimate aim grows 
out of the motive which takes the mission- 
ary to the heathen land, and the motive 
which inspires the people of the home 
church to give their funds. Its roots strike 
deep into the supreme need. Without a 
knowledge of the supreme need, the ulti- 
mate aim is confused and unstable. Now the 
supreme need of any heathen people is a 
Savior. Therefore, the ultimate or supreme 
aim of every missionary or missionary en- 
terprise should be to supply this need in the 
quickest and most permanent way. 

Every sincere Christian finds this com- 
pletely and satisfactorily supplied by Christ, 
the Revealed Son of God. Social reforma- 
tion or scientific knowledge will not supply 
the supreme need of the heathen. They 
can be considered only as aids or results of 
the missionary enterprise. They are not 
what the sincere missionary primarily 
seeks. His aim is something more funda- 
mental than these things. Considering the 
supreme need of the heathen to be a Savior, 
and knowing that Christ abundantly sup- 

plies this need, his ultimate aim then, as 
well as the ultimate aim of the missionary 
enterprise, is to present Christ so intelli- 
gently to men that they will accept him as 
their personal Savior. This individual re- 
generation by accepting Jesus Christ as a 
personal Savior will ultimately lead to so- 
cial reformation. So the final aim of the 
missionary doctor is to cure the heathen's 
soul as well as his body. The aim is not 
to better health conditions or alleviate bod- 
ily suffering. These are a means to a re- 
generated spiritual life. The ultimate aim 
of the mission schools is a thorough knowl- 
edge of the plan of salvation, as revealed 
in the Bible, leading to an intelligent and 
efficient witness of the Christ he has learned 
to love while attending the Christian school. 
The by-product of the mission schools is sci- 
entific knowledge, resulting in better eco- 
nomic conditions. The ultimate aim of 
the evangelist becomes regenerated souls, 
built up into a strong self-governing, self- 
propagating, self-supporting native church, 
which will adorn the community in which it 
is situated, and above all be a permanent 
blessing to it. The regenerated soul, then, 
growing and personally witnessing for the 
Christ, is the ultimate aim of all the work- 
ers. When this is true of all missionaries 
on a given field, unity and harmony pre- 
vail. When it is not true, differences and 
jealousies arise. 

To achieve the aim of presenting Christ 
so intelligently that men will accept him as 
their personal Savior, means that the mis- 
sionary himself must know Christ experi- 
mentally and doctrinally. He must know 
the language of the people he is trying to 
win for Christ. He must be able to present 
his message so that it will attract and 
hold the attention of men of a different 
race and temperament. 

To make Christ intelligently known, so 
as to lead to conversions among heathen 
peoples, excludes a hurried and superficial 
presentation of the Gospel. To proclaim 
Christ for a few months or years to a 
heathen community is not enough. Ameri- 
cans, with all their general knowledge, do 
not grasp new ideas so readily. While the 


The Missionary Visitor 


heathen are in many instances as intel- 
lectually alert as the Americans, their 
minds are clouded with inherited prejudices, 
superstitious ideas and a dull or perverted 
moral sense. In general they know no more 
about Christ than you do about Mencius. 
Therefore, to make Christ intelligently 
known is often a long, slow process. It 
took Morrison seven years to get one 
heathen convert. Often the process be- 
comes painfully slow to the home church, 
which too often measures the success of the 
missionary enterprise in number of con- 

While the missionary's immediate aim 
is conversions, the effect of missionary 
work is not to be judged alone by the num- 
ber of accessions to the church. Hospitals, 
schools, printing presses, and church or- 
ganizations accomplish much for God by 
undermining community evils, purifying so- 
ciety and edifying those who have come 
over into the church from heathendom. 
They adapt Christianity to the present life 
as well as the future life. Yet in all this 
the spiritual object is or should be kept up- 
permost. So the missionary can never for- 
get that the supreme need of men is the 
knowledge of Jesus Christ, and that the 
church has sent him out as a bearer of that 
knowledge. Every missionary, therefore, 
whatever his department of work, should 
make a direct, earnest, prayerful effort to 
lead souls to Christ. The temptation to 
slight the great ultimate aim of the mis- 
sionary enterprise by busying oneself too 
much with the developing of a great mis- 
sion plant, is something against which 
every missionary must guard. No thought 
as to the next generation should blind him 
to his duty in relation to this generation. 
No sincere missionary can be content with 
any mere civilizing, educating, or healing 
aim. It is the new birth, which is an in- 
ternal and not a mere external transforma- 
tion, that is the supreme need of all men. 

When the missionary has faithfully preach- 
ed the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit 
uses the message to convert souls, which 
must in due time be organized and devel- 
oped into self-propagating, self-supporting, 
self-governing churches. A self-propagat- 
ing church is a native church that has 
made the missionary's aim its aim and is 
not dependent for growth upon the mis- 

sionary's preaching of the Word. Thus the 
missionary task is broadened from merely 
making converts to making native mission- 
aries out of every convert and superintend- 
ing the labors of those especially chosen by 
the native church for the preaching of the 
Word. A missionary who finds himself 
the superintendent of forty or fifty able 
native preachers, will witness the most 
gratifying progress in the work, for the 
native worker can do the work of direct 
evangelism better than the foreigner, and 
at less expense. The self-supporting native 
church is really the only live growing 
church. A native church, chiefly devel- 
oped on foreign money, is not safely 
grounded. A native, too, often becomes a 
member or worker in this kind of church, 
because tempted by financial advantages. 
However, the missionary trying to develop 
such a church must be reasonable and 
patient, for the common people of Asia, or 
any other heathen country, are generally 
pitifully poor. Yet every missionary ought 
to be convinced that the smaller amount of 
foreign money used the greater the success 
of his work. 

A self-governing church is the climax of 
the missionary endeavors. This is a native 
church able to solve all its problems and 
manage all its affairs to the glory of God. 
It means a strong native clergy and edu- 
cated membership. 

When the missionary realizes that the 
missionary enterprise has not fully ac- 
complished its aim until there is a self- 
propagating, self-supporting, self-govern- 
ing native church established, he knows 
that this task is more than simply preach- 
ing the Word of God. With preaching 
Christ so intelligently as to cause men to 
accept him as their personal Savior as the 
ultimate aim of every missionary and mis- 
sionary enterprise, the body or bride of 
Christ will soon be completed and all sin- 
cere Christians in every land made happy 
by Christ's return from a far land for it. 
So we pray for the loving cooperation of 
the native church, the missionary and the 
home church in this great task of working 
out the missionary aim. 

" Unselfishness 

is the secret of sorrow^ 


The Missionary Visitor 


New Workers for Foreign Service 

The imperative demands of the fields made it necessary to send some new workers 
this year even though most of the Calgary Conference appointees are retained at home 
for this year. Brother and Sister Baxter Mow sailed for India on October 9 and 
Brother and Sister Albert R. Smith sailed to South China November 29 of this past year. 


Missionary to India 

MOW was 
born March 30, 
1892, at Argos, 
Ind. He was the 
third of four chil- 
dren born to Aar- 
on I. and Nettie 
Baxter Mow, and 
brother of Sister 
Anetta Mow, of 
the India Mission. 
Like so many 
of our people, he 
had the advantage 
And there, early 
passion to know, 

Baxter Merrill Mow 

of growing up on a farm. 
in life, he showed the 
which has been his dominant characteristic 
even till the present time. One of the stories 
told by the neighbors concerning him is that 
when, some four or five years old, he played 
too near a horse's heels and she struck him 
over. He picked himself up, and as his 
father hastened to see if he was hurt he 
inquired in his slow way : " Say, pa-pa, why 
is it the old mare al-ways lays back her ears 
when she is going to kick?" And as he 
went to school, and about, he made books, 
rather than his playmates, his friends, for 
he was deeply frightened at every rebuff, or 
every foreseen possibility of punishment for 
his doings. 

He was moved to surrender to the 
Omniscient during an ingathering at Walnut 
church by Daniel Wysong in February, 1902. 
Baptizing in those days was done in the 
river, regardless of the number of inches 
of ice on it, but no harm ensued. The fol- 
lowing April the family moved to Noble 
County, near Wawaka, to assist the church. 
But Eld. Mow's health was defective, and 
his eyes began to follow two of his brothers, 

who were enjoying Pacific and Rocky 
Mountain climate. In March, 1903, therefore, 
the family moved to Idaho, and settled near 
Weiser, on twenty acres in a fertile irrigated 
valley that was undergoing rapid develop- 
ment. There they built, wistfully dreaming 
of the time when they should "get rich on 
alfalfa and potatoes." But a bigger and 
finer dream was the real motive — that the 
three children should have a good schooling, 
to get ready for larger service. To this 
end all bent their prayers and labors. 

Baxter finished common school in 1905 
and entered Weiser High School the follow- 
ing September, beginning with the beaten 
path of Latin and algebra. He learned to 
love them, together with the physics, the 
chemistry, and the astronomy, wherein are 
seen the sublime laws of the universe, of 
how things are made and why. His study 
was not limited to the assignment or the 
curriculum, and his reward was to lead his 
class in scholarship. Next on the program 
was the university. His father drove with 
Baxter and Anetta in a covered wagon some 
two hundred odd miles over the mountains 
northward to Moscow, where he bought an 
acre and started a small house before re- 
turning home. Here the children finished 
the structure and made it their home for four 
years, studying side by side, even as they 
had done all through high school. They 
were awarded their B. A.'s in June, 1913. 

In December of that year, while teaching 
in a high school, Baxter was awarded the 
Rhodes Scholarship from Idaho. These 
scholarships were established over thirty 
years ago by Cecil Rhodes, the great Eng- 
lish magnate and empire builder, with a 
view to cementing the bonds of friendship 
with the United States and other countries 
through the power of education. They pro- 
vide sufficient money for three years of 
tuition at the famous University of Oxford, 
and of travel. Each State gets two of these 
in three years, to be bestowed upon candi- 
dates of highest promise. The summer fol- 


The Missionary Visitor 


lowing the scholarship award the family- 
drove East in their car, the son to leave 
for England, from New York, and the par- 
ents to continue on to Florida, where they 
have since made their home. Arriving at 
Oxford, Baxter took up his residence in 
Jesus College, to pursue advanced study in 
chemistry. The next three years were fruit- 
ful in strengthening a broad foundation of 
intellectual preparation needed in the foreign 
work. The vacations were spent in a cycling 
trip north into Wales and Scotland, in visits 
to London, Stratford, Cambridge, the Land's 
End, and other places, and in two visits to 
France, once as an orderly in the American 
Ambulance Hospital in Paris. After taking 
his degree at Oxford, in 1917, he returned to 

In making a visit to Bethany Bible School 
with his sister, as she was waiting to sail, 
he was impressed with the spirit of that 
institution and enrolled for the divinity 
course. Two years he taught Hebrew here 
in connection with his other work, and 
graduated in the spring of 1921. He put his 
heart into several of the varieties of practical 
Christian service available in Chicago. He 
learned to know and to esteem a considerable 
number of the leaders of the church, young 
and old. He was employed by the General 
Mission Board to visit the churches in Idaho 
in the interest of the Forward Movement in 
the summer vacation of 1919, visiting in the 
homes and preaching. 

It was also while a student at Bethany 
that he met Miss Anna Beahm, to whom he 
was married on his twenty-ninth birthday. 
It was the new bond created by this marriage 
that brought him East again in 1921. Coming 
by way of the Hershey Conference, the 
young couple spent several weeks in visit- 
ing in Sister Mow's home. While here they 
heard the Macedonian call of a little 
mountain church in Eastern Virginia. To 
this needy and difficult field they went, led 
by that missionary spirit to which they had 
consecrated themselves, without any guaran- 
tees of definite financial support from either 
the church or the Mission Board under 
which they were working. During the fol- 
lowing winter a teacher in Hebron Seminary 
found it impossible to return after the Christ- 
mas holidays, and that institution immediate- 
ly appealed to Baxter to come to its assist- 

ance. From February, 1921, to June, 1923, 
he taught in the seminary. Sister Mow 
joined him at the seminary this last ses- 
sion. The writer can freely testify not only 
to the high grade of scholarship and thor- 
ough instruction, but also to their spirit of 
loyalty and devotion to ideals in all their 
association with students and fellow-teach- 
ers. Both had dedicated themselves in- 
dependently to the foreign field, and they 
realized that the work of the past several 
years was only for a time. Yet they en- 
tered into it whole-heartedly, having learned 
the valuable lesson of biding God's time and 
of serving at home during the waiting period. 
In the same spirit and with the same de- 
votion they take up the work in India. 
Nokesville, Va. 


Missionary to India 

" But seek ye first his kingdom, and 

his righteousness/' 


HEN a 


consecrates her 
child to the Lord, 
and holds before 
her the ideal of 
sacrificial, loving 
service, one need 
not be surprised 
when he hears of 
and sees the re- 

When Anna 
Beahm was a wee 
baby, she, like 
Samuel of old, was dedicated to the Lord, 
and she, like him, learned to serve him while 
young. Her father, I. N. H. Beahm, and 
her mother, Mary Boucher Beahm, were in- 
terested in Christian work, and their earnest 
desire was that all their children might 
find a place in this work. 

Anna was born in Daleville, thirty years 
ago, and most of her life has been spent 
under the influence of college life, much of 
the time living in dormitories, in close as- 
sociation with students. 

Anna Beahm Mow 


The Missionary Visitor 


When she was but a little girl, the visit 
of one of our faithful missionaries from 
India stimulated her desire to serve the 
Master, and she then decided to give her 
life in foreign service, if God willed. 

In 1914 she entered Bethany Bible School. 
The fact that she did not have at her dis- 
posal a large bank account did not deter her 
in her quest for more adequate preparation. 
What she lacked in finances was made up 
by an implicit faith that her Heavenly 
Father would supply all her needs from his 
inexhaustible storehouse, for she was allow- 
ing him to direct her pathway. 

"The pathway of Duty leads to the Castle 
of Happiness." Those who know Anna 
know that her life is one which radiates 
happiness and peace. 

Many times her faith was tried, when it 
seemed that she had reached the end of 
her resources, but always God provided her 
with the needful things. 

After spending several years in Chicago, 
where she took a very active part in mis- 
sion work, endearing herself to Americans 
and foreigners alike, she entered Manchester 
College, where she completed the Liberal 
Arts Course in 1918. 

While here she became the friend of all, 
and to those who needed advice or encour- 
agement or an assurance that the " upper 
road " was the one to follow, in spite of 
the cost, she gave herself unstintingly. 

Her Christian experience was so beautiful 
that all who were associated with her, 
teachers or students, unconsciously tried 
harder to come into a closer relationship with 

She again entered Bethany, where, with 
the exception of one term spent in Man- 
chester College as teacher in the Bible de- 
partment, she stayed until she completed her 
work, receiving the B. D. degree. 

Shortly before her graduation, on the 
evening of March 30, 1921, she and a fel- 
low-student, Baxter M. Mow, were quietly 
married in the chapel. Following the com- 
pletion of their work in Chicago they en- 
tered a needy field in Virginia, where ap- 
proximately a year was spent in home mis- 
sion work. During the winter, Mr. Mow, 
upon the resignation of one of the teachers, 
assisted in the work at Hebron Seminary. 

Although this placed a double burden upon 
Anna, she remained faithful to her task. 

Last winter she, too, accepted a call to 
teach at Nokesville. She enjoyed being here, 
especially the fact that she could be so near 
her family, from whom she had been 
separated so long while in college, but when 
their appointment came for India they were 
very happy. 

It seemed for a while that the door which 
was swinging open, opening upon a new and 
enlarged vista of service, would close, but 
again God has controlled circumstances, and 
with renewed faith they leave for their work. 

Few workers have gone to the field with 
a better preparation than she possesses. In 
addition to the training of the classroom, 
both in the capacity of student and of teach- 
er, her experience in dealing with people 
has been unusual. Her work in the 
Chinese department at Bethany helped her 
to understand in a large measure the prob- 
lem of coping with the oriental mind; above 
all, her sincere devotion and her understand- 
ing of the power of prayer will enable her 
to give abundantly to those who need to be 
taught the joy of Christian living. 

One of the best things that can be said 
of an individual is that he is a friend, a 
true friend, and this can be said of Anna. 
Like the Master, she chose her friends be- 
cause she saw in them hidden potentialities, 
of which, sometimes, they themselves little 
dreamed, or because they needed some one 
to help carry their burdens. 

The unknown author who has written this 
poem might have dedicated it to her: 

" Because I Had a Friend 

" Life would never have been so rich 

To me, so well worth while, 
But for that cheering word you spoke, 

But for that cheering smile; 
The burden had so heavy grown, 

My heart was filled with care; 
I never would have reached the goal 

Had you, friend, not been there. 

" Because, because I had a friend, 

One who was real and true; 
Because your friendship did not fail, 

Just when I needed you, 
I had the strength to clamber on, 

I had the will to do; 
Because I knew I had a friend, 

I've had no cause to rue. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Oh, there are records of the past 

That tell of trust sublime; 
Of friendships that survived the test, 

Of doubt, disaster, time; 
But I know one that's up to date, 

That had not had an end, 
When a man defeated fought and won — 

Because he had a friend." 


Missionary to South China 

ALBERT was born Oct. 12, 1897, on a 
farm near Bradford, Ohio. Being 
the sixth child of a family of eight, 
he learned very early to share his part in 
the tasks of farm life. Like most children 
he attended the 
public school. Even 
though book 
knowledge came 
hard for him, he 
was possessed with 
a determina- 
tion which always 
carried him 
through. The par- 
ents, Charles and 
Almeda, are of a 
staunch old Ger- 
man stock ; the 
father a member of the German Lutheran 
church and the mother a member of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

In January, 1914, Eld. D. H. Keller held 
a series of meetings at the old Red River 
church. Albert had been seriously thinking 
for more than a year of uniting with the 
church, and it was during these meetings 
that he became a member. The lure of the 
world in a business way claimed his atten- 
tion, even though it was in his youth; but 
a full surrender was made at his baptism, 
and a covenant that has been a guiding 
principle up to this day. 

In the fall of 1916 he entered the academy 
of Manchester College. Laboring two years 
at this place, he completed his unfinished 
high school course that had been side- 
tracked by a physical disability. During 
these two years at school the value of a 
life of service came to him as a challenge 
to the best he could give, resulting in a 
pledge to the foreign field. The summer 
of 1918 brought the call of the home church 

to take up the ministry of the Gospel. In 
response to this call he began a two-year 
course in biblical training at Bethany Bible 
School. Both at Bethany and at Man- 
chester he was deeply interested in re- 
ligious things, but did not show this in a 
public way by appearing on programs. How- 
ever, he was a ready listener to any mes- 
sage of truth, and in the dormitory was 
anxious to put into practice that which 
he had heard. 

About this time another important in- 
fluence began to come into his life. The 
friendship of Miss Verona M. Kreider, a 
former Sunday-school classmate, came to 
mean more to him because of similar ideals 
and aspirations. After two years of asso- 
ciation they were united in marriage May 
1, 1920. Immediately after they were mar- 
ried they continued their preparation for 
their chosen work, at Manchester College. 
Albert was graduated from the Liberal Arts 
school with the A. B. degree in the spring 
of 1921. 

In the fall of 1921 they were called to 
take charge of the Grand Rapids church, 
where both have proved successful and are 
dearly loved by those who have come in 
contact with their lives. 

Albert and his wife were appointed by 
the Calgary Conference to service to India, 
but because of the shortage in missionary 
funds the new India workers could not be 
sent and they engaged themselves to pastor 
the church at Champaign, 111., where they 
could also take some school work at the 
university. During the fall of 1923 there 
arose an imperative need for a missionary 
and wife to be sent to South China, and 
Albert and Verona consented to go. They 
sailed from Vancouver on Thanksgiving 

It has been the writer's privilege to be 
a roommate of Albert, both at Bethany and 
at Manchester College. As these lines are 
written memories of those days return. The 
many experiences which welded our friend- 
ship will linger as a sacred memorial to 
those days and the rugged honesty of the 
one whose friendship inspired them. 

As they sail for new fields of service on 
the foreign soil, may there ever be follow- 
ing them the prayers of those who have 
learned to know and love them. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Missionary to South China 

youngest daughter and the fourth 
in a family of two sons and three 
daughters, was born on a farm in the 
Painter Creek congregation, Arcanum, 
Darke Coun- 
ty, Ohio, R. R. 2, 
March 11, 1899. 

Her parents are 
Eld. Lawrence 
Kreider and Sister 
Mina Shafer Krei- 
der, who also were 
reared in this con- 
gregation and who 
at present have 
the eldership 
Under the influ- 
ence of the rural church, and with the ad- 
vantages of the rural school about a half 
mile from home, and living upon a typical 
eighty-acre farm Verona grew to woman- 

Dec. 13, 1914, when fifteen years of age, 
she accepted Christ as her Savior, and 
united with the Church of the Brethren. 

The congregation has two houses of wor- 
ship, known as Painter Creek and Red 
River. It was at the latter place that Vero- 
na gave much assistance in Sunday-school 
and church work, serving as teacher and 

In 1915 she graduated from high school. 
In 1917 she completed the Normal English 
course at Manchester College. The follow- 
ing two years she taught in one of the 
grade schools of her community. She spent 
two quarters of a school year in Bethany 
Bible School. 

May 1, 1920, she was married to Albert 
Smith, of her home community, who had 
been elected minister Aug. 17, 1918. 

After two hearts beat as one they at- 
tended Manchester College, where Bro. 
Smith received his A. B. degree and Sister 
Smith completed her junior year in the 
spring of 1921. The following two years 
they served the Grand Rapids church, 
Michigan, in pastoral work. 

At the Calgary Conference, 1923, they 
were approved for the India mission field. 
Expecting to sail in the near future they 
discontinued their pastoral work at Grand 

Because of a shortage in finances their 
'going to India was temporarily postponed, 
when they accepted a pastorate at Cham- 
paign, 111. Here they resumed their school 
work at the University of Illinois, at Ur- 
bana (Champaign). After serving about 
two months the call came to go to South 
China, which they gladly accepted. 

From the time of her conversion Sister 
Smith experienced much real joy in church 
work, having a growing desire to give her 
life in service for others. It was her earnest 
prayer that God would reveal to her his 
plan for her life work, and that she might 
permit those experiences to come into her 
heart that would best prepare her for his 
work. While at Bethany Bible School she 
became a foreign volunteer. 

Her first inspiration to become a foreign 
missionary was prompted during the great 
Missionary Convocation at the time of our 
Annual Conference at Winona Lake, Ind., 
in 1916. Reading the Missionary Visitor 
and the Gospel Messenger greatly kindled 
her desire to do missionary work. 

The present call, she feels assured, is a 
revelation of God's plan for her work. Her 
home congregation will support her as mis- 
sionary to South China. 


We hereby offer, free postage paid, to any 
minister who asks for the number needed, 
a sufficient quantity of the new pamphlet, 
"Winning Financial Freedom for Pastors 
and Churches," to furnish one copy to every 
member of the official boards of his church. 

Also, our offer to furnish free, postage 
paid, the pamphlet "Christian Work for Lay- 
men and Ministers " in sufficient quantities 
to supply one copy to every family in any 
church and congregation, is hereby ex- 
tended until March 1st, 1924. 

Always give your denomination; also, 
mention the Missionary Visitor. 
The Layman Company 
35 North Dearborn Street, 
Chicago, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Nora R. Hollenberg 
Oct. 9 Anna Eby and Dr. Nickey arrived in Bom- 
bay. A number of missionaries went to meet them — 
the most eager among these being D. J. Lichty, 
to meet his long-expected bride. All remained in 
Bombay at the missionary home where, the next 
day, Oct. 10, the marriage of D. J. Lichty and Anna 
Eby was solemnized by Rev. J. M. Blough. The 
following day Mr. and Mrs. Lichty went to Ankles- 
var, where a reception was given them by the 
Anklesvarites. Several days afterward they went 
to Poona for several weeks' honeymoon. 

The big event during November was the Mission 
Conference, held at Bulsar Nov. 7-14. A most ex- 
cellent spirit pervaded throughout the meetings. 
This is the time when we missionaries refresh our 
spiritual and social natures as one united group 
in the Lord's work. The business part of the 
conference is always a big work of the assembly. 
This year it required five days to dispose of the 
business satisfactorily. This exceeds any previous 
records. One reason for it is due to the serious 
financial situation which demanded much read- 
justment in our program of carrying on mission 
work here. J? 

One of the important business features was putting 
the new constitution into force. There no longer ex- 
ists a Field Committee. Because of this the confer- 
ence has most of the voting power. Previously the 
Field Committee cast the final decision on most 
matters. Hereafter we should speak of the Mission 
Conference instead of committee meeting. 

The new constitution demands attendance of these 
conferences by all missionaries. If absent a good 
excuse must be presented. There is, however, no 
trouble along this line, for all wish to attend if 
at all possible. This time all but three adults and 
several children in school at Landour attended. 

Three days were devoted to Bible study and de- 
votions. J. M. Blough gave instructions from the 
life of Paul twice a day. Some of the other speak- 
ers were B. F. Summer, Anna Lichty, Adam Ebey, 
J. I. Kaylor, Lillian Grisso. Sunday was partly 
devoted to fasting and prayer in behalf of the 
problems relating to the Indian church. 

After a week or so Dr. Nickey went to Calcutta, 
where she will be engaged in study of tropical 
diseases for six months. This will prove a most 
helpful course and make her services very valuable. 
The Marathi workers eagerly look forward to her 
return to the work at Dahanu. 

On Tuesday evening, Nov. 6, before the con- 
ference began, was given the wedding reception by 
the missionaries for the Lichtys. The Bulsar folks 
proved themselves hard workers and capable 
hostesses in preparing for this event. The front 
veranda of the Wagoner bungalow was beautifully 
decorated with colored crepe paper. In the center 
of the veranda was placed the table for the bride's 
cake. The Madam and Miss Sahebs were busy 

all day preparing the lovely big bride's cake, sand- 
wiches, pomelo basket, pickles and eggs and ice 
cream. While the bride and groom were serving 
their cake to the guests a basket containing forty 
paper rupees was showered upon them. 

This year the Bulsar people tried a new plan 
of feeding the conference crowd. Instead of being 
divided up and eating at the three private mis- 
sionary bungalows, we all ate in one wing of the 
carpenter shop. This plan brings all of us together 
in a social way and simplifies matters considerably 
for the Bulsar folks and servants, as well 
as for the ones who do the entertaining 
afterwards. An outfit of dishes, table linen 
and cooking utensils will be purchased just 
for the use of these conferences. A new committee, 
called the Catering Committee, was appointed to 
care for the feeding of the conference. This plan 
will put the responsibility upon the various stations 
by turns. .j8 

At the November Conference several transfers 
were made among the mission family. Miss Wolfe 
will go to Bulsar and continue her language study 
there. The Summers will move to Umalla for 
evangelistic work, and the Lichtys to Vali for the 
boarding school and station work. Mary Royer 
will return to Dahanu later in the year, to take 
charge of the girls' boarding school during Miss 
Ebbert's furlough. j& 

Nov. 9 Baxter and Anna Mow, Anetta Mow and 
Goldie Swartz landed in Bombay. They arrived at 
a very opportune time; viz., during the conference. 
Thus they had the privilege of meeting all the 
missionaries at one time. This opportunity does 
not often occur to new ones coming to the field. 

The Mows will be at Vyara for language study 
at present. Anetta Mow resumes her former place 
in the girls' school at Vyara. 

Beginning the latter part of November Goldie 
Swartz will be in language study at Poona and 
later at Mahablesvar. Afterward she will be located 
at Vada. ^ 

Saturday evening, Nov. 10, during the Mission 
Conference, was open for some social recreation. 
All remained in the dining room after dinner and 
the crowd arranged itself into groups of the various 
Brethren's colleges at home. Each college of the 
Brotherhood was represented, but Manchester and 
Mt. Morris had by far the largest number of 
representatives. Each group was required to give 
a stunt of some kind. Several other interesting 
features were given. ^5 

In October there was a Holiness and Bible League 
Conference in Poona. It was attended by Anna 
Brumbaugh and J. I. Kaylor, -of our mission. Mrs. 
Brumbaugh also went to Poona for a short period 
of rest. ,»8 

Marcia Hollenberg spent the latter part of October 
in quarantine at Bulsar Hospital for diphtheria. Her 
response to the antitoxin, and receiving medical 
care at the needy time, were two factors in bringing 
about her recovery. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bulsar gives the following report for October: 
Progress of Wankel and Bulsar schools is fine. 
Wankel has 50 boys in boarding and 26 day pupils. 
An increase in government grant and aid was given 
Bulsar school in recognition of progress. The 
Bulsar boys make their own garden and play 
basket and volley ball for sport and developing 



A. T. Hoffert is " up and doing " in temperance 
work. He and his helper, Trikamlal, held meetings 
at Godhra Oct. 27-28, in churches and bazar. As 
many as 500 to 600 comprised the audiences. They 
say, " There has been a large movement toward 
Christianity in the villages about Godhra in the 
past six or seven years. The Christians have in- 
creased from 5,000 to 13,000. This includes the 
small children who were baptized. Over 7,000 "rupees 
in offerings were received the past year. There is 
splendid interest and spirit of evangelism among 
the workers and village Christians." 


A recent report of the death of Sakaranyi Oliole, 
of Vada, has come. He died in the J. J. Hospital in 
Bombay. Bro. Kaylor had just completed plans for 
using him in evangelistic work in Vada 
vicinity. Now he is left without a native evan- 
gelistic worker for the present. 

Miss Sadie Miller reports good progress and little 
sickneSs in the Anklesvar school. She says that 
to know what to do for the girls who are passing 
out of the school and are not old enough nor 
capable for higher educational work is a problem. 
It is unsafe to send them to their homes, because, 
outside the Christian community, girls are mar- 
ried while small, so that everywhere Christians have 
this problem to face. To meet this need we are 
taking steps to help them right here in things 
that will be most helpful to them as they go into 
their own homes. It is hoped to give them a 
course wherein they will get more Bible, health, 
home economics, industrial and community life 
training. *g 

Bro. Long left Oct. 31 for Moga Training School, 
where a four and a half months' training course 
is given by Mr. McKee for educational purposes. 
Mr. McKee is teaching the very best modern 
methods of learning to read and training natives 
to employ this method in the schools. What a 
privilege that the Indian children may have the 
benefit of such methods! India surely needs a 
more thorough educational system in her schools. 
It is coming! ^ 

As time goes on and the deficit of the Board 
keeps mounting higher and higher, it makes us 
wonder what this all means. For several months 
we have been cutting down as much as possible, 
and we are going to cut still more, but if we keep 
on cutting down our ' work we will be destroying 
years of hard toil to build up the work to where 
it is now. The Indian people are responding to 
the call of the Master as never before. Christ is 
commanding the attention of all of the thinkers of 
India. Is this the time for us to stop? Have 
we done enough for India? If you would come 
and see the condition of the people you could 

hardly say that they have had enough. And India 
might (?) get along without any more help from 
other lands. They would get along in some way — 
they will get along in some way without help. But 
let us consider what this would mean. Are we 
ready to wash our hands of the responsibility we 
owe to those who have never known the light? 
Can we be true to ourselves and face our Master 
if we let the mission work lag? We are pray- 
ing that God's will may be done, and we are 
ready to do his will. Come, let us do his will 
with a whole heart. 


Sarah Ziegler Myers 
Ping Ting Chow 

On Nov. 13 was held the formal opening of our 
hospital. About one thousand people attended the 
program, and during the next two days thousands 
of people came to see the hospital. We especially 
enjoyed the fellowship with the number of guests 
who came from our neighboring missions. 

The two weeks' Special Bible Class for inquirers 
has just closed, and on Monday, Nov. 26, fifty were 
baptized. There were seven boys from the Boys' 
School, eight girls from the Girls' School, eight 
women, and the rest were men mostly from the 
country districts. That evening about two hundred 
and fifty took part in the love feast. Bro. B. M. 
Flory, of Shou Yang, officiated. 

O. C. Sollenberger was home during the Special 
Bible Class. During this time he and his wife enter- 
tained all the men who came in from the out- sta- 
tions at a meal, a Chinese feast, in their home. He 
left Thanksgiving morning to make another country 
tour. j£t 

Dr. Coffman has been invited to spend three 
months, beginning Jan. 1, at Peking Union Medical 
College, in special study of obstetrics and gynecology. 

Nov. 28 a little girl was born to Dr. and Mrs. 
Han, our Chinese physician, and wife. They have 
two sons, aged thirteen and eight, and are a fine 
Christian family. ,*C 

The foreigners all gathered at the Vaniman home 
for a bounteous Thanksgiving dinner, social hour 
and Thanksgiving service. 

In a foreign land and climate unusual strain is put 
upon our physical bodies as well as upon our supply 
of spiritual strength. Our hearts have been sad- 
dened by the recent serious nervous breakdown of 
Miss Valley Miller. She is being cared for by Miss 
Baker, in Dr. and Mrs. Wampler's home. She is 
an especially talented and capable worker. Will you 
join with us in praying for her speedy recovery? 

Liao Chow 

On Friday afternoon, Nov. 23, . our first regular 
business meeting, since the organization of the Shou 
Yang church, convened, with Byron M. Flory pre- 
siding. There was quite a representative gathering 
of our members in attendance, in number about for- 
ty-five. The spirit of the meeting was fine, mani- 


The Missionary Visitor 


festing a real interest in the cause of the kingdom. 
B. M. Flory was chosen elder until he goes for 
furlough. Dr. Hsing was elected Chinese secretary, 
and Mrs. W. H. Smith, English secretary. Four 
letters of membership were read, and those recom- 
mended were cordially welcomed into the fellowship 
of the Shou Yang church. 

We invited Rev. J. C. Harlow, of the English 
Baptist Mission in Tai Yuan, to come and speak to 
us on Friday evening. He gladly accepted and used 
as his subject, " Christ and Christianity in the 
World." A crowded house heard this message as 
well as the excellent sermon which he delivered at 
our regular preaching hour on Sunday morning. 
Rev. Harlow had labored at this place several years 
ago before we took over the work from the English 
Baptist Mission; hence, many of our people knew 
him and were therefore glad to meet him and hear 
him speak again. We feel that his talks and as- 
sociation with us these several days were a help 
and inspiration to all. 


The best meetings came on Saturday, Nov. 24. 
This was the day set for baptism and the communion 
service. Twelve people manifested their desire to 
follow Christ and were received into the church by 
baptism. Some early converts may have been in- 
fluenced to become Christians because they were 
employed, but none of these are receiving pay from 
the church, and our hearts were caused doubly to 
rejoice. There were three women, five men and 
four schoolboys baptized. Another man had asked 
to be baptized, but failed to come. One man was 
seventy years old. Pray with us, that the Holy 
Spirit may have his way in the lives of these new 
babes, so that they may become powerful witnesses 
for Jesus Christ. We tried to make it especially 
clear to each that acceptance of Christ means a 
new life, and new responsibilities toward fellow-men 
and toward society. We felt that this was very 
important, as some one has said that the reason 
the church in China does not grow any faster than 
it does is because, in most cases, there is no dif- 
ference between church members and those outside 
of the church. This was said by a prominent 
Chinese. <g 

The communion service on Saturday evening man- 
ifested most excellently the love and fellowship ex- 
isting between the members of the Shou Yang 
church. We were sorry that all could not be present. 
Fifty took part in the service. The Chinese, as a 
whole, we believe, get much help and inspiration 
from the communion service. Because of these two 
meetings on this day, and the blessings received, 
we at Shou Yang are happier, our hopes are re- 
vived, and our zeal for Christ is increased. 

Tai Yuan 

Nov. 25 was a red letter day for our little new 
mission in Tai Yuan. Six young and middle-aged 
men were received into the church by confession 
and baptism. It was an impressive service and our 
chapel was crowded with witnesses. Many people 
were turned away because there was no room. 

After the services were over, and most of the 

people had gone, our new members and the few older 
ones who live in the city had a profitable little 
season of fellowship by eating a meal together. 

These additions to the church are not the fruit 
of the few months' work done here in Tai Yuan, 
but rather that of other missions as well as of our 
own at other places in the province. We are in- 
deed glad to gather these stray ones into the fold. 

About dusk on Monday, Nov. 19, the Men's Hos- 
pital of the English Baptist Mission in Tai Yuan 
burned down. The fire seemingly started in an un- 
occupied room on the second floor and was already 
quite a flame when discovered. All the patients were 
immediately got out, and much of the hospital 
equipment was saved. However, the loss is very 
great in more ways than one. The loss in dollars 
and cents alone is reckoned at about thirty thou- 
sand, to say nothing of the fact that it was the 
only Christian hospital for men in the city. 

Shou Yang 

During the past month we had the pleasure of 
having Dr. Maxwell, who is head of the Obstetrical 
Department at the Peking Union Medical College, 
and his wife accompanied by our own Dr. Wampler 
and wife to be with us for a couple of days. It was 
indeed a pleasure to have them. While here Dr. 
Maxwell did a Caesarian Section operation for us and 
at this writing both mother and babe are doing fine. 


Our Chinese doctor, Dr. Wang, is at the present 
doing itinerating at one of our out-stations. 

Brother R. C. Flory and his helpers are now in 
evangelistic work at Ma Tien. 


Sister Senger has just returned from a short trip 
to one of our out-stations. The past month she 
and Sister Pollock spent a week in visiting, teach- 
ing and doing a bit of medical work out in the vil- 
lages, and while on the trip they visited in several 
of our ex-patients' homes. 

Our little kindergarten and co-ed children keep 
their teachers busy these days. About half of the 
children in the kindergarten are only four years old 
and only one is more than five. We are continuing 
the hand and face washing which we began last 
spring, and have really got some of them cleaned up 
for good, we hope. When once we can get them to 
feel that they are dirty we have won a victory for 
then they want to be clean. Last year we had a 
boy who constantly came to kindergarten with an 
exceedingly dirty face and hands, for he picked up 
coal for fires at home with his hands, then there 
were scales of dirt on his neck and arms that never 
knew a bath. With scrubbing and admonishing for 
many days he has come to like to be clean, and 
recently gave us a shock by rolling up his sleeves 
and pulling open his collar and exclaiming " Chiao 
Shih, look here, and here, my neck is not dirty 
now! " And it wasn't. They are a happy bunch of 
children and love to sing " Jesus loves me." It is 
called for perhaps more than any other song. 


The Missionary Visitor 



M. R. Zigler Home Mission Secretary 



THE Quadrennial Student Volunteer 
Convention was held Dec. 28 to Jan. 
1 at Indianapolis, Ind. These con- 
ventions during the past years have 
been the high-water marks in the creation 
of missionary sentiment and in the chal- 
lenging of the student life of America to 
face the non-Christian world. The primary 
purpose of the movement is to enlist in- 
terest and men in the Foreign Missionary 

While the outstanding purpose of the 
convention was to face students with the 
call of the foreign field, from the very first 
address to the end of the conference there 
were implications presented involving the 
Home Missionary enterprise. This indicates 
that one field cannot be adequately pre- 
sented without the other. One speaker, in 
setting forth the purpose of the conference, 
said, in the words of our Master, " The field 
is the world." Every address had a world- 
wide significance. 

Out of the many needs presented there 
were three to which the Home Missionary 
work is vitally related. First, the need for 
the Christianizing of our relationships, in- 
terracially and internationally. Second, the 
elimination of war as a means to settle dif- 
ferences. Third, the consecration of the 
individual life completely to the cause of 

The question of interracial relationships 
involves the Home Mission field immediate- 
ly. America, the heralded " melting pot of 
the world," is continuously and inescapably 
facing this problem, and the churches have 
the tremendous responsibility of making 
these relationships Christian. The problem 
cannot be dodged. How it is solved in 
America makes for or against the Foreign 
Missionary cause in proportion as we make 
and keep America Christian. If the Chris- 
tian people in America do not consider the 

foreigner in their midst as their brother, 
then our foreign work must be considered 
a failure and will fall. 

The problems involved in the question of 
war and peace induced the keenest think- 
ing and the sharpest commitment of the 
conference. The thousands of students were 
divided into forty-nine discussion groups. 
Each group discussed the various topics and 
then appointed a representative to meet 
with the representatives of the other 
groups. These representatives then formu- 
lated into four viewpoints of war the evolve- 
ment of the product of the discussion 
groups. A speaker was chosen to present 
each viewpoint to the General Convention. 
After these presentations a vote was taken 
on each. A overwhelming majority regis- 
tered against war, but there was much di- 
vision as to the method of elimination. This 
is an international problem. However, how 
we behave internationally will depend on 
how we think individually and collective- 
ly within the nation, which immediately in- 
volves the program of the churches in 

The last problem which we wish to con- 
sider in this relationship of the Foreign 
Missionary enterprise to the home field is 
that of complete consecration of life to 
Christ. All through the convention spirit 
the dominant note was " all for Christ." 
There was evidence of an intense desire to 
get away from the idea of making a dif- 
ferentiation between sacred and secular. 
Which means that whatever we do as in- 
dividuals should be considered as sacred as 
we generally think of entering the ministry 
or going to the foreign field. This conse- 
cration is needed for all home workers doing 
definite Christian work. It is tremendous- 
ly needed today, as we can scarcely keep 
our heads above the flow of materialism 
among the young men and women who are 
now entering upon their life careers. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Echoes From the Church of the Brethren 
Industrial School 



" Just to bring you greetings of Yuletide cheer, 
Just to say, ' God bless you, may you have a happy 
year,' " 

TfilS is the greeting of the C. B. I. 
S. to all of our friends, far and near. 
The much-anticipated Christmas Day- 
has busily, happily come and gone. 

Fifteen children remained for the holidays, 
and our friends who sent their generous 
boxes of clothing, toys, sweets and other 
contributions would find these children hap- 
py in the possession of new and needed 
clothing, childish toys for play, and Christ- 
mas goodies which more than satisfied them, 
even after the boys' belts were loosened. 
Nor did these children alone enjoy your 
contributions. After their treat, more than 
twenty-five boxes were packed and sent out 
as a greeting from the friends of the 
school to the needy and worthy homes of 
the community, and Christmas cheer was 
scattered abroad. 

This evening a general excitement pre- 
vailed through the school at the puffing of 
an engine, stuck at the bottom of the hill. 
The school team assisted it in getting up 
the hill, and we joyfully hailed it as the well 
driller who had come from across the moun- 
tain to drill our well deeper. Ever since the 
beginning of school the water supply has 
been insufficient. Recently the boys have 
had to haul water in barrels from the stream 
to provide wash water, for the supply is 
almost exhausted. Now, with a drilled well 
in view, we hope for improvement in the 
water supply. 

A recent addition to our school activities 
is a clothing bureau, conducted in a con- 
veniently-arranged room next to the laun- 
dry, in the power house. Here we sell to 
those of the community, who desire to buy, 
the clothing which is sent here and cannot 
be used by our dependent children, and 
also some made in the sewing department. 
Perhaps many who read this will have on 
hand worn or outgrown clothing of which 
they wish to dispose. It will find a use here, 
and the school will benefit by the proceeds. 

Friends of Helen Sandaal, a teacher. in 
u Bacon Hollow " and an assistant to our 
pastor, C. M. Driver, will regret to learn 
that she is spending her Christmas holidays 
at the home of Bro. Driver, confined in a 
room on account of scarlet fever. She is 
well on the way to recovery, and we trust 
will soon again be about her usual activities. 

The school reopened Jan. 2. This date 
brings to memory the date of the school's 
first opening in 1922. The changes that one 
year brought can be appreciated only by 
those who saw the school then. As we 
launch out on this new year we crave an 
interest in your prayers for prosperity 
through the Father's care and blessing. 


In a booklet recently published by the 
United States Government, a " tightwad " 
is defined as a man who saves 60 cents out 
of every dollar and expends 37 cents of the 
balance for living expenses and 1 cent each 
for education, recreation, and alms. 

The spendthrift is described by Uncle Sam 
as the man who saves nothing, spends 58 
cents out of each dollar on living ex- 
penses, 40 cents on recreation, and one each 
for alms and education. Thus the money 
spent for education by both the tightwad 
and the spendthrift is the same — one cent 
out of every dollar. 

The happy medium is the normally thrifty 
man who saves 20 cents out of each dol- 
lar, spends 50 cents on living expenses and 
10 cents each on alms, recreation, and educa- 
tion. That is the normal sensible budget, 
and the man who spends 10 cents per dol- 
lar, or 10 per cent of his income for edu- 
cation, is bound to get ahead. 

I may prophesy, fathom all mysteries and 
secret lore, I may have such absolute faith 
that I can move hills from their places, but 
if I have no love I count for nothing (I 
Cor. 13 : 2).— Moffat. 


The Missionary Visitor 



01j? ffiatktts' Qnrnpr 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



The North Manchester (Walnut Street) 
Church had a joyful Christmas occasion, 
when it seemed that every member of the 
Sunday-school tried to bring one dollar or 
more for the Emergency Fund. Every de- 
partment, from the Cradle Roll to the 
grandparents, participated. For the Cradle 
Roll there was a little cradle covered with 
white paper. The mothers carried their 
babies down in front, and they (the babies) 
put their gifts in the little cradle. For the 
children's division there was a sled, and 
for the adults and young people, a ship on 
which was written the word MISSIONS. 
The offering amounted to $850, which is a 
little more than a dollar each for their 
membership of 819. 

The Conway Springs church closed its 
Church School of Missions Dec. 30, 1923. 
The adult department studied " Our Church 
Manual," under the leadership of Eld. H. 
R. Hostetler. The young people studied 
"The Vanguard of the Race," with Mrs. 
Grace Brubaker leader. Mrs. Daisy Beal 
helped the juniors by reading to them the 
book, "Junior Folks at Mission Study, 
India," and Mrs. Frances Plaugher told 
" Picture Stories " to the children. We met 
eight nights, with an average attendance of 
52. All enjoyed it fine. — Miss Ida Frantz, 
Superintendent of Missions. 

Fifty New Converts in China are reported 
in a recent letter from Bro. Frank Crum- 
packer, who was telling of the work at the 
Ping Ting station. In his letter he re- 
gretted to say that it was necessary to with- 
draw fellowship from two who had fallen 
into temptation and were imprisoned for 
stealing. So the kingdom of God goes for- 
ward with trials and adversities, but always 

Sister Valley Miller, who went out to 
China in 1919, and who is at the Shou Yang 
station, has become very ill, and it seems 

that she will have to come home to America. 
She is greatly needed and it will be bad 
for the mission to release her. 

Brother Frank Crumpacker will return on 
furlough in the spring of 1925. There has 
been some confusion as to the date when 
he would have his furlough. He contem- 
plates coming via India and studying the 
work of our mission there. 

A brand new boy, named Alfred Eugene 
Hollenberg, arrived Nov. 24 at the home of 
Brother and Sister Fred Hollenberg in 
India. We welcome the young master into 
the missionary family. 

The little Summitville (Indiana) Sunday- 
school has a class of splendid missionary 
boys that have thrown aside all obstacles 
and are making a special missionary con- 
tribution the third Sunday of each month. 

The Indianapolis Student Volunteer 
Movement Convention. The Ninth Inter- 
national Convention of the Student Vol- 
unteer Movement for Foreign Missions was 
held at Indianapolis, Ind., from Dec. 28, 1923, 
to Jan. 1, 1924. Over 6,000 delegates, mostly 
students from a thousand educational insti- 
tutions in Canada and the United States, 
were in attendance. The Church of the 
Brethren had more than one hundred dele- 
gates present, which, according to common 
opinion, was a larger representation than 
any other denomination of our size. Four 
great questions occupied the larger part of 
the time of the delegates: 1. International 
Problems and the Christian Way of Life. 

2. Race Relations and the Christian Ideal. 

3. Economic Problems and the Christian 
Ideal. 4. Youth and the Renaissance Move- 
ment. The two problems most discussed by 
the convention were Race Relations and 
War. The discussions on the latter subject 
caused the Church of the Brethren dele- 
gates to do some deep thinking, which may 
result in a further discussion of the sub- 
ject at the Hershey Conference next June. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Since the April issue of the Visitor is a 
Student Volunteer number additional ref- 
erence to this great convention will be re- 
served until that time. 

As a bit of history and worthy of ac- 
knowledgment we record the death during 
the past year of two faithful and useful 
men of the church, who were members of 
the General Mission Board in their earlier 
days. These were Brethren E. S. Young 
and L. A. Plate. The former served three 
years, from 1885 to 1888; the latter two 
years, 1892 and 1893. Both of these breth- 
ren were eminently successful in their 
chosen lines of work — the former as one of 
our most successful promoters of Biblical 
knowledge among the churches, and the lat- 
ter giving forty-nine years to the Publish- 
ing House, much of which was devoted as 
assistant editor of the Gospel Messenger. 
Since the organization of mission work in 
any general and definite way in the Church 
of the Brethren, in 1880, thirty different men 
have served on the Board. Seventeen have 
passed on to their reward and thirteen re- 
main. Their terms of office were from one 
year to twenty-six. Bro. D. L. Miller served 
the latter period, to which should be added 
eleven more years as Advisory Life Mem- 
ber. This does not include the Book and 
Tract Work, which was a separate organiza- 
tion for eight years. Nine men made up 
its membership in that time, three of whom 
are still living: Brethren S. Bock, S. D. 
Royer, and Isaac Frantz. C. D. B. 

Materials for Religious Education on the 
Foreign Fields. — Our workers in the mis- 
sion fields will be interested in the newly- 
formed Joint Advisory Committee on Meth- 
ods and Materials for Religious Education 
on the Foreign Fields. This committee has 
been appointed by the Foreign Missions 
Conference, World's Sunday-school Asso- 
ciation, International Sunday-school Lesson 
Committee and other bodies cooperating. 
Luther A. Weigle is chairman and Eric M. 
North, secretary. The work of the com- 
mittee will be to assist the foreign mission- 
ary enterprise in the solution of their ever- 
increasing problems in courses and curri- 
cula for religious education. The address 
of the secretary is Room 615, 150 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York. C. D. B. 

A cable sent January 10, announces the 
safe arrival of Dr. Homer L. Burke and wife, 
Marguerite, at Lagos, West Africa. They 
will now proceed to Garkida to join the 
other workers at our mission station. 

The treasurer of the General Mission Board 
reports a deficit of $20,359.83 in all Mission 
Funds at the end of December, 1923. The 
deficit at the close of November, 1923, was 
$38,542.70. This means that the deficit was 
decreased $18,182.87 during the month of 
December. While any decrease in the deficit 
is exceedingly welcome yet because of the 
splendid giving at Thanksgiving and Christ- 
mas time by a goodly number of churches, 
it was believed that the deficit would be 
wiped out. The task of the church is now 
to continue generous giving so the mission 
cause can be freed of debt. The Sunday- 
schools and Aid Societies have done a splen- 
did work and they should continue. But 
there are certain churches that should not 
and cannot lay these heavy responsibilities 
anywhere but on themselves as a church. If 
between now and Feb. 29, the closing of the 
Board's fiscal year, all churches will coura- 
geously do what they should, the year can 
be closed free from debt. An encouraging 
feature of the treasurer's figures is the fact 
that the contributions from the churches for 
December, 1923, were $11,000 more than for 
December, 1922. 

A True Scene 
Martha Shick 

Place. — Mission School in China. 

Time.— Sept. 10, 1923, after dismissal of school at 

4 P. M. 

Characters. — Lady missionary, and a crowd of day 
pupils (girls), all from heathen villages, having 
been in a Christian school as day pupils, for 
six months. 

Small girl, seven years old, to missionary: 
" Teacher, could you please give me some of 
those red flowers to take home to worship 
the idol tomorrow?" 

Missionary: "You wish to worship the idol 

Small girl : " Oh, no ; I do not worship idols 
any more. I wish them for my mother to 
use in the worship of the idol tomorrow." 

Several small girls in unison : "No, no, she 
does not worship idols, and neither do we." 
(Smothered giggles and hiding of shamed 
faces by several of the little girls who are 


The Missionary Visitor 


speaking.) " But tomorrow they will make 
cakes in our village with which to worship 
the idols, and they wish some of your red 

Missionary: "Oh, they wish some of my 
red flowers to color the cakes on top, do 
they? Is that the way they make those 
red marks on them?" 

Several girls : " No, no, not that. They are 
going to make cakes and will worship the 
idol with them, and they also want flowers 
to — " (Voices drowned out by more smoth- 
ered giggles and whispers.) 

Missionary: "Now, I guess I understand. 
You wish to get leave of absence tomorrow 
because your village is going to worship the 
village idol as Moy Uet Tong's village did last 

Girls (small ones) in unison : " No, no, no ! 
Our village is not that bad! Our village 
does not worship the village idol that way. 
Only Uet Tong's village is that bad. Our 
village is not so very bad! They are just 
going to make cakes to worship, and, and — 
and — " 

Missionary: "What idol does your village 

Several girls : " It isn't our entire village. 
It is only her mother, and her mother " 
(pointing to two of the small girls, includ- 
ing the first speaker who asked for the 

Second little girl: "My mother does not 
worship idols. It is only her mother " 
(pointing to first little girl). 

Missionary: " Is it your mother who wishes 
the flowers?" 

Small girl: "Yes, my mother told me to 
ask you for them, because she wishes to 
place them in a vase before the idol while 
she worships." 

Missionary: "And, my little girl, what idol 
does your mama wish to worship tomor- 
row ? " 

Several girls in unison: "The idol that 
is at the corner of her house." (Smothered 
giggles from these small girls. All the time 
the first girl is very serious, standing very 
still and straight and stiff, facing mission- 
ary. Several big girls stand on the out- 
skirts, with sober faces. Big girls 15 and 16 
years old.) 

Missionary: "Is that true?" 

Small girl: "Yes. It is inside the house, 
but in a corner." (Again giggles from group 
of small girls.) 

Missionary: "It must be your ancestral 
altar. Your mother is going to worship her 
ancestors, is she not?" 

Small girl: "I — I — guess so." (Small girls 
laugh right out.) 

Large, sober girl : " Yes, it is her ancestral 
altar, no doubt." 

Missionary : " It is right for you to obey 
your mother and ask me for the flowers, ex- 
plaining what you wish them for. But 
please take this reply to your mother for 
me. Do not scold her, my child, but speak 
kindly to her, and tell her the teacher would 
be so very glad to bring her some nice red 
flowers to look at and to smell the fragrance 
thereof when she is not feeling well, or is 
sad, to cheer her heart as she looks at those 
beautiful flowers and smells their fragrant 
odor. But since her idol cannot see, even 
if he has eyes, and since he cannot smell 
the flowers, even if he has a nose, of what 
use would it be to present him with such a 
beautiful bouquet?" (Loud answers from all 
the girls, big and little, in unison, " Of no 
use, of no use ! Certainly, of no use !") 

Missionary continues her speech when girls 
are quiet: "Also please tell your mother 
that your teacher does not worship idols ; 
she worships only the true God, and it 
would offend her God in heaven if she would 
send flowers to be offered to an idol." (Loud 
chorus from all girls, " True ! True ! It would 
offend the true God to send flowers to an 

Missionary continues : " If I hire some one 
to work for me, it is the same as if I had 
done that work. If I hire some one to wor- 
ship an idol for me, it is the same as if I had 
worshiped it and offended my God. If I give 
flowers to be used in idol worship knowingly, 
it is the same as if I had presented them 
to the idol." 

Chorus of girls' voices replies : " Certainly 
it would. Sure, you could not send flowers to 
her mother to be used in idol or ancestral 

Small girl: "All right; I will explain to 
my mother." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


One of the Missionaries 

Changes Come for Folks and Chickens 

With the pice (one half cent) that mother 
had given for each white egg, Jessie's bank 
had been filled several times. 

One day Jessie said, " Mother, you don't 
give me money for eggs any more." 

"True, my dear. But Biddy has quite 
enough to do in caring for her eleven chil- 
dren. After awhile, when they grow up, they 
will likely help their mother for all the 
worry they have caused her." 

But one by one the happy flock was 
reduced to Biddy Black and four straggly- 
looking chicks. The hawks and dogs had 
claimed seven of the precious eleven. 

The months were getting hotter, so Jessie 
and Jean, with their mother and father, 
were off to the hills for rest. The hen and 
four chicks were put in the hands of the 
faithful gardener to care for while the 
family was away. 

Occasionally letters came to the hilltop, 
" Biddy and the ' bacha ' (little chickens) 
are all right and growing. Don't worry." 

Jessie was glad to hear it, and was in- 
deed glad to come down when her father 
and mother told her it was time to go back 

Habits Stick 

As the tonga (two-wheeled carriage) 
rolled up in front of the bungalow, Biddy 
Black was there to meet them. The four 
"bacha" were no longer; for one had died 
and the other three were most full-grown. 
Jessie hardly knew them. But she soon 
claimed them as her own, and they were 
named, " Rooster Red," " Rooster Grey," and 
" Speckle." 

The family sat down to the noon meal in 
their own home again. As they talked and 
ate, there was a fluttering in the living 
room. There was Biddy flying to tfrg top 

of the bookcase and four topies came 
tumbling to the floor. 

Mother said, " I surely thought that hen 
would forget while we were away." So 
Biddy had to be trained all over again. But 
after a little while she found her way each 
day to a nest in a basket on the back ve- 
randa. Instead of going straight to the 
nest she liked to come to the front door 
and ask Jessie to catch her and carry her. 
No one else could catch her as quickly as 
Jessie could. 

Father said one day, "Jessie's hen really 
seems like one of the family." 


Speckle Follows the Advice of Her Elders 

The little flock had again been reduced. 
Disease had been raging among the Indian 
chickens and now " Rooster Red," having 
ailed for several days, was carried out on 
the hill and we heard of him no more. 
Jessie's mother bought " Rooster Grey " for 
the cook-pot. And now all that remained 
were Biddy Black and Speckle. They were 
always seen together. 


The Missionary Visitor 


It was on a Sunday in August that a 
small egg was brought from the hencoop. 
Of course we knew Speckle had put it there. 

Said mother, " I am so glad that Speckle 
did not want to lay in the bungalow. She 
is indeed a proper hen. It. pays to train 
chicks up in the right way." 

Not hearing what mother was saying, 
Jessie said, " Shall I put this egg with my 
other eggs?" 

" Wouldn't you like to give Speckle's first 
egg to Tarabai, who gave you Biddy Black?" 
said mother. 

So Jessie and little Jean put the egg in a 
small box, and took it to Tarabai. " Here, 
' Bai, is sumfin' for you." Tarabai's heart 
beat for joy when she saw the egg. 

Speckle proudly, of course, told the In- 
dian hens of the freshly-laid egg in the 
coop. The hens began at once to say, " Why, 
you silly little hen, don't you know that you 
should lay your eggs in the bungalow? In 
India all proper hens lay in the house." 

Speckle was not to be laughed at by her 
elders, so next day she was trying to gain 
entrance to the bungalow, for reasons all 
known to everyone. She was not kept out, 
either, and so her second white egg was 
found on the broad window sill. 

Count the Chickens After They're Hatched 

Said Jessie one day, " Shall we count my 
chicken money? My bank is full again." 
(The large clumsy coins had quickly filled 
the bank several times.) 

The bank and bag were brought. Father, 
mother, Jessie and Jean with interest 
counted the chicken money, as Jessie called 
it. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, 
eight, nine rupees there were and four and 
a half annas ($3.10). 

" Money, chickie money," piped in little 

Said father to mother, " And all this is the 
result of Tarabai's little gift to Jessie." 

What more could you ask of a missionary 

" How many times do you milk the baby 
daily?" asked an Indian college graduate, a 
proud Brahmin. He could not understand 
why this was not good English, since it is 
correct to speak of " watering a horse '■ 
when you give him water. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : Must I tell you what 
our Junior class did? Well, I will. Fifteen 
of us have raised almost $15.00. We will 
see if it can help send some missionaries. 
I have written to three girls whose names 
I got from the " Junior Missionary." I 
am eleven years old and in the fifth and 
sixth grades. I would like some one to 
write to me, for I love to get letters. With 
love to all the Juniors, Lois Sanger. 

Nokesville, Va. 

If the parents would do as well according- 
ly as these "kiddies," our mission work 
would go a-booming on the field! 

Dear A.unt Adalyn : I was eleven the 27th 
of October. The day before, mama, sister, 
Miss Shumaker, Miss Kintner and I went to 
Baroda, starting at one o'clock at night. 
At five in the morning I got up. We made 
up the bedding, got comfortably seated, and 
about half past seven we arrived. Miss 
Ross, one of the ladies of the M. E. mission, 
came to meet us. After we had our break- 
fast we started to the public gardens, ac- 
companied by a guide. We saw all sorts of 
monkeys, ranging in size from six inches 
long to five feet tall. There were many 
different kinds of parrots. And guess what 
else we saw — six of the terriblest tigers 
there are — Bengal tigers. The way they 
looked was awful. The afternoon was spent 
at the mission. We left on the eight o'clock 
train for home. Elizabeth Wagoner. 

Bulsar, India. 

I suppose if you should meet a Bengal 
tiger in the woods you wouldn't wait for 
an introduction! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I like trying to crack 
the Nuts. It is such fun. Tomorrow our 
family is going to start to Vada, where some 
of our missionaries live. We have never 
been there, though we have been in India 
four years. I wish I were at home in 
America. Next year Elizabeth and I will 
have to go to a school in the Hills. The 
Committee meeting is just over. Almost all 
the missionaries were here. I like for the 
meeting time to come bcause I can see them 
all. The babies are so sweet. I went to 
town a few days ago and bought a little 
chair and bell. There were some more 
things in the set, but I thought I would 
wait a while to buy them. 

Emma Wagoner. 

Bulsar, India. 

No doubt that is one thing the mission- 
aries miss much — frequent association with 
their white friends. We over here will try 
harder to appreciate the blessings we have. 
Won't it be fine when we can talk half 
oway round the world by radio! 


The Missionary Visitor 



Alice King Ebey 

Oh, loving God Father in the highest, we, 
your most sinful, utterly worthless, alto- 
gether helpless children bow our knees be- 
fore you. I thank you for the rain. I thank 
you for my bread this morning. I thank 
you for plenty of water, for you know how 
scarce it has been. I thank you for hear- 
ing prayer and for healing me from cough 
and pain in my chest. 

I thank you for sending your servants to 
our land. They have left their land and 
their homes. They have forsaken their 
parents and brothers and sisters, and their 
father's brothers and sisters, and their 
mother's brothers and sisters, and all their 
other kin folks and friends. They have 
come through a thousand dangers through 
sea and storm; yes, they have made a jour- 
ney of 4,000 miles to come into this jungle 
to tell us of your love and the love of your 
Son Jesus. 

Heal Rama of the boil on his back. 
Take away the chill and fever from our 
honored deacon. Please destroy the disease 
in our papa sahib's stomach and chest so 
that he may have strength to give us medi- 
cine-water and to serve us in all ways. 
Bless our dear mother lady. Bless Lois- 
bai in her school far away and help her 
to learn her lessons well and bring her 
safe back to us again. Bless Leahbai. 
Bless our beloved new sahib and new 
madam sahib and their dear little child who 
was sick and whom you healed because we 
prayed to you. Bless our teacher on his 
journey through the jungle to the station 
and keep him from all harm. Bless all 
others who are making journeys this day 
and go with them to protect them. 

Don't let snakes or tigers or any wild 
beasts of the jungle about us do any harm 
to any of your children. Only you can 
keep us safe from the thousands of dangers 
about us day and night. Don't let the 
cold wind nor the rain harm any of us 
while we plant our grain. Keep all dis- 
ease and pain away from us. Keep us 
from wickedness. Hear our pleas, and give 
answer according to your own will. We 
pray this prayer in the name of the Lord 
Jesus Christ, who was nailed on the cross 
for us. Amen. 


Missing Words 

(Fill blanks with words pronounced alike but 
spelled differently.) 

1. He many pieces of cloth before 

he . 

2. He fought the with his 


♦ 3. She gave a tie of very vivid 

4. The she sewed does not 

to be straight. 

5. He on the river that flows by 

the . 

6. He his boat to a stake when the 

was low. 

7. The sky was when the day was 

8. Tell 

the first verse of the 

(Answers next month) 


Cross Word. — Aunt Adalyn. 

Hidden "Eats."— 1. Turkey. 2. Potato. 
3. Pie. 4. Cake. 5. Pickle. 6. Candy. 7. 
Bread. 8. Filling. 9. Celery. 10. Gravy. 


Precious Stones. — 1. Jasper. 2. Sapphire. 
3. Emerald. 4. Sardonyx. 5. Sardius. 6. 
Beryl. 7. Topaz. 8. Jacinth. 9. Amethyst. 
10. Pearl. 

A gentleman once paid a visit to India, 
and, following the custom of that country, he 
hired a servant to fan him all night. Some 
servants only fan their masters until they fall 
asleep, and when they are about to wake they 
start fanning them as if they had been hard 
at work all night. This particular gentleman 
had a glass eye, which he used to take out 
every night and put on the table. To his 
great amusement, one morning, the gentle- 
man heard his servant telling the other that 
he could not steal any time between his 
master's naps, for he always took out one 
of his eyes and placed it on the table to 
watch him and so he was compelled to fan 
his employer all the night until the other 
eye awoke in the morning. The " Eye That 
Never Sleeps " is watching us in our watch- 
ing. <£ 

" Don't buy on the uneasy payment plan." 

(Concluded on Page 64) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Forward Movement Goal 

For the year ending Feb. 29, 1924 


$425,000 — 

375,000 — 



275,000 — 

225,000 — 

175,000 — 

150,000 — 



75,000 — 




• mm 




Si « 

* Q 

« .S 









Conference Offering, 1923. As of December, 31, 1923, 
the Conference (Forward Movement) offering for 
the year ending February 29, 1924, stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1923, $218,894 18 

Pledges outstanding, 12,387 67 

Total, $231,281 85 

(The 1923 Budget of $443,500 is 52.2% raised) 
Mission Board Treasury Statement. The follow- 
ing shows the condition of mission finances on 
December 31, 1923: 

Income since March 1, 1923, $234,340 89 

Income same period last year, 212,073 41 

Increase, $ 22,267 48 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1923, .. 47,869 94 
Outgo over income same period last year, 71,972 05 

Decrease outgo over income, 24,102 11 

Balance mission deficit December 31, 1923, .. 20,359 83 
Balance mission deficit November 30, 1923, .. 38,542 70 

Decrease in deficit, $18,182 87 

Tract Distribution. During the month of Novem- 
ber, the Board sent out 1,118 tracts. 

Correction No. 11. See August, 1923 " Visitor " 
under India Mission Fund— Contribution of Painter 
Creek, So. Ohio, $159.64 has since been designated 
for support of Verona Smith in So. China. 

Correction No. 12. See September, 1923 " Visitor " 
under So. China Mission — $25 credited to No. Spokane, 
Wash., has since been refunded. 

Correction No. 13. See December, 1923 " Visitor " 
under Emergency Fund— Ohio; there was left out 
by the printers a line following the line ending with 
the figure $420.39 in which credit should have been 
given to " Leader's Class No. 7 " (Greenville) $10; 
Bear Creek (also So. Ohio) gave $21.50 noted at 
beginning of next line. 

November Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during 

Alabama— $10 .00 

Cong.: Fruitdale, $ 10 00 

Arkansas— $30.00 

First Dist., Cong.: J. J. & N. A. Wassam 
(Austin) $10; Indv. : W. H. Clark, $15, 25 00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Katie Schul, 5 00 

Arizona— $29.50 

Cong.: C. E. Gillett (M. N.) (Glendale) 
$.50; C. W. S.: Phoenix, $17; Indv.: A 

Brother & Family of McNeal, $12, 29 50 

California— $120.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lindsay, $5; S. E. 
Hylton & Wife (Lindsay) $50; Walter 
Pence & Wife (Figarden) $5; Mrs. 
Clara A. Holloway, $5, 65 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister (Po- 
mona) $5; Fanny E. Light (Pasadena) $50, 55 00 
Canada— $21.50 

Cong.: Redcliff Mission 2150 

China— $100.00 

Cong.: Rev. W. Harlan Smith & Wife 

(Shou Yang), 100 00 

Colorado— $62.96 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sterling, $10.40; Den- 
ver, $14.40; C. W. S.: Colorado Springs, 
$3.50 _ 28 30 

S. 'e! Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $20.66; 
Chas. Gottman & Family (Wiley) $4; Indv.: 
W. A. Carrier & Wife, $5 29 66 

W. Dist., Indv.: Cynthia Andre Peebler, .. 5 00 

Florida— $1.00 

Cong.: Mrs. Blanche Cripe & Family 
(Zion), 100 


The Missionary Visitor 


Idaho— $5.50 

Cong.: J. B. Lehman (Nezperce) $5; L. 

H. Eby (M. N.) (Fruitland) $.50, 5 50 

Illinois— $546.21 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $181.18; 
Mt. Morris, $25; Polo, $202.27; A Sister 
(Naperville) $3; Aid Soc: Sterling, $5; 
Indv.: Dr. W. C. Frick, $10; University of 
Chicago Dunker Club, $29; Miss'y Meeting, 
Polo, Pine Creek & West Branch, $29.25, 484 70 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, $15.51; Mrs. E. 
A. Bowman, (Girard) $10; Mrs. Ida L. 
Thompson, $5; Mrs. J. J. Stowe (Girard) 
$15; Indv.: Samuel Funk, $15; J. M. Angle, 
$1, 61 51 

India— $.50 

Cong.: J. M. Blough (M. N.) (Vyara) 50 

Indiana— $804.91 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelor Run, $17; 
Loon Creek, $63.63; Salamonie, $55; Peru, 
$28.75; Mexico, $54.55; Mrs. Ralph W. Hoff- 
man (Roann) $2; Wm. J. & Lula Tinkle 
(Portland) $25; Chas. R. Oberlin (M. N.) 
(Monticello) $.50; Mrs. I. B. Miller (Man- 
chester) $100; Eva Kneisly (Manchester) 
$50; Emma Hamilton (Huntington City) 
$30; Wesley Miller (Kewanna) $1; Emma J. 
Reiff (Burnettsville) $10; Aid Soc: Pipe 
Creek, $10, 447 43 

No. Dist., Cong.: First So. Bend, $100; 
Sec. So. Bend, $20.25; Dora A. Stout 
(Bethel) $2; Mrs. Joe Smith (Blue River) 
$2.93; Roy J. Swihart (Goshen) $38; " Giver" 
Nappanee, $10; Rev. J. F. Appleman (Ply- 
mouth) $5; Edward L. Nusbaum & Wife 
(Wakarusa) $30; Keith F. Krippner (Wa- 
waka) $2, 210 18 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 68683 (Beech Grove) 
$12.30; Mrs. Bertha Crosby (Ladoga) $5; 
Mary E. Kaiser (Lick Creek) $5; Marthetta 
Kitch (Lick Creek) $5; Eliza Flora (Pyr- 
mont) $5; E. W. Garrett (Muncie) $100; 
S. S.: Class No. 1, Mississinewa, $15 147 30 

Iowa— $969.98 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: O. L. Hoover (Cedar 
Rapids) $60; Franklin Rhodes & Wife (Dal- 
las Center) $371.59; Junior Mission Study 
Class (Garrison) $2, 433 59 

No. Dist., Cong.: Grundy Co., $455.18; 
Walter L. Karlson (Kingsley) $10; C. W. 
S.: Y. P. Div., Waterloo City, $17.71, 482 89 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Etna, $21.50; E. F. 
Stoner & Family (English River) $27; Mrs. 
L. E. Wenger (English River) $5, 53 50 

Kansas— $179.12 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Lawrence, $7.17; Mc- 
Louth, $33; Mrs. Mary A. Steele (Mc- 
Louth) $2; Mrs. R. A. Mosier (Topeka) 
$10; Mrs. J. A. Root (Ozawkie) $2.75; C. W. 
S.: Ottawa, $50 104 92 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Nellie Albin (Maple 
Grove), 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: J. W. Kirkendall & 
Wife (Independence) $10; " Individual " 
(Osage) $25; Fannie Stevens (Osage) $11.70; 
Aid Soc: Verdigris, $8.50; Indv.: Mrs. L. 
A. Phillips, $2; Kate Yost, $2, 59 20 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Clara T. 
Brandt (McPherson) $5; Mrs. Nannie Gump 
(Garden City) $5, 10 00 

Kentucky— $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. M. E. Ralston, 2 00 

Maryland— $309.08 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $114.05; Monoc- 
acy, $22.03; Mrs. Catharine Bonsack (Pipe 
Creek) $20; Mrs. Geo. W. Hull (Pipe Creek) 
$5; No. 68127 (Frederick City) $20; G. E. 
Brengle (Frederick) $4 185 08 

W. Dist., Cong.: Susan Harvey (Fairview) 
$4; S. S.: Adult Bible Class, Accident (Bear 

Creek) $120, 124 00 

Michigan— $72.98 

Cong.: Grand Rapids, $9.53; Elmdale, $8.25; 
Beaverton, $7.05; Thornapple, $11.61; Wood- 
land, $30.20; Woodland Village, $6.34, 72 98 

Minnesota— $9.00 

Cong.: Winona, $7; Minnie Whitstone 

(Lewiston) $2, 9 00 

Missouri— $106.87 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Elda Gauss (Center- 
view) $5; Lizzie Fahnestock (Deepwater) 
$2; Indv.: Lutie Holloway, $1, 8 00 

No. Dist., Dist. Meeting, 43 87 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mountain Grove, $5; 

Indv.: Two Sisters, $50, 55 00 

Nebraska— $8.50 

Cong.: No. 68080 (Octavia) $3.50; Henry J. 

Miller (Alvo) $5, 8 50 

New Jersey — $4.00 

Indv.: Dora H. Hoppock, 4 00 

New Mexico — $10.00 

Indv.: Cora Brower, 10 00 

No. Dakota— $32.45 

Cong.: Willow Grove, $17.45; Leo H. 
Stemen (Willow Grove) $3; W. W. Keltner 
& Wife (Williston) $10; Indv.: A. P. Som- 
mars & Wife, $2, 32 45 

Ohio— $727.43 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Woodworth, $44; E. 
Nimishillen, $68; Canton Center, $160; Akron 
City, $56.06; No. 68109 (Akron) $22.85; Beulah 
Woods (Black River) $50; Sarah M. New- 
comer (Canton Center) $5; Leon Steffy 
(Canton City) $1; Indv.: Maria B. Miller, 
$2; Aid Soc: Springfield, $20, 428 91 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Toledo, $21; Logan, 
$27.75; Fostoria, $29.10; Deshler, $17.50; Leo 
Lillian Wise (Bellefontaine) $2; A Sister 
(Black Swamp) $5; Thos. Newhouse & Wife 
(Fostoria) $5; Lydia Fried (Lick Creek) $15; 
Indv.: Mrs. S. H. Vore, $5; S. H. Vore, $15, 142 35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bradford, $5; W. Charles- 
ton, $59.17; Lydia B. Smith (W. Dayton) 
$10; Mrs. Ida M. Eby (Prices Creek) $9; 
Hugh L. Cloppert (Lower Stillwater) $50; 
H. S. Chalfont & Wife (Beech Grove) $10; 
Indv.: Elsie Petry, $10; Katie Beath, $3, .. 156 17 
Oklahoma— $2.00 

Indv.: An Isolated Sister, 2 00 

Oregon— $27.00 

Cong.: Edna Phillips (Portland) $20; S. S.: 
Ashland, $7, 27 00 

Pennsylvania— $1,042.78 

E. Dist., Cong.: White Oak, $169; Lititz, 
$40; Elizabeth town, $78.41; C. H. Royer & 
Wife (Elizabethtown) $10; No. 67901 (Harris- 
burg) $10; "A Friend" (Hatfield) $10; A 
Brother (Lancaster) $10; No. 68237 (Big 
Swatara) $25; Rebekah M. Lauver (Big Swa- 
tara) $5; A Brother (Little Swatara) $10; 
A Brother (Little Swatara) $10; A Brother 
(Little Swatara) $10; Four Sisters & One 
Brother (White Oak) $10; C. W. S.: Chiques, 
$17.43; Akron, $4.75 419 59 

Mid. Dist.', Cong.: Cherry Lane (Snakes- 
spring) $10.50; Dry Valley, $16.85; Missy. 
Soc (Clover Creek) $40; Martha Mentzer 
(1st Altoona) $2; A. B. Wakefield (Augh- 
wick) $5; Susan Rouzer (Dunnings Creek) 
$10; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) 
$10; Rev. John R. Snyder (Huntingdon) $5; 
C. B. Teeter (New Enterprise) $2; Mrs. M. 
M. Claar Exline (Queen) $5; S. S.: Men's 
Bible Class (Dry Valley) $30, 136 35 

So. Dist., S. S.'s of Dist., $100; Aid Soc: 
Mechanicsburg, (Lower Cumberland) $5; C. 
W. S. : Mechanicsburg, (Lower Cumberland) 
$15; Indv.: Harvey C. Witter, $10, 130 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Wilmington, $10; Indv.: 
Chas. Cassel, $3.20 13 20 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $3.62; Walnut 
Grove, $116.41; Garrett (Berlin) $2.61; I. M. 
Schrock & Wife, Rayman (Brothersvalley) 
$50; S. W. Pearce (Johnstown) $25; No. 
68104 (Manor) $5; Geo. Griffith (Meyersdale) 
$1; J. W. Rummel & Wife (Quemahoning) 
$50; Daniel Blough (Quemahoning) $10; A 
Sister (Rockton) $20; John D. Minser & 
Wife (Rockton) $40; A Sister (Somerset) 
$10; Indv.: J. Clark Brillhart, $10 343 64 


The Missionary Visitor 


So. China— $10.00 

Indv.: Albert R. Smith & Wife, 10 00 

Tennessee— $$25 .00 

Cong.: Will C. Ycmng & Family (Pleas- 
ant View) $23; Mrs. S. I. Petrie (Oneonta) 
$2 25 00 

Virginia— $284.10 

E. Dist., Dranesville (Fairfax) $5; R. A. 
Hedding (Nokesville) $2; Indv.: Mrs. Philip 
Strole, $5, 12 00 

First Dist., Indv. : Mrs. Mary J. Tucker, 5 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Joseph Pence (Mill 
Creek), 50 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $110.76; Mt. 
Vernon, $12.38; Staunton, $12; White Hill 
(Mt. Vernon) $5.20; Moscow (Lebanon) 
$22.43; Regina Glick (Bridgewater) $1; Aid 
Soc: Oak Grove (Lebanon) $15, 178 77 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bethlehem, $28.33; Alice 
Harman (Topeco) $1; Mrs. Nannie Sutphin 
(Red Oak Grove) $2; A. B. Canaday (Pleas- 
ant Hill) $5; Sarah J. Hylton (Coulson) $2, 38 33 
Washington— $225.78 

Cong.: John B. Ries (Whitestone) $10; 
James Wellington (First Spokane) $100; No. 
68122 (E. Wenatchee) $2.10; W. C. King 
(Centralia) $15; C. W. S.: Yakima, $83.68; 

Indv.: May Gans, $15, 225 78 

West Virginia— $1,470.01 

First Dist., Cong.: New Creek, $10.01; W. 
W. Bane & Wife (Beaver Run) $150; Indv.: 
Geo. T. & K. E. Leatherman, $10, 170 01 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: A Brother at Simpson 

(Bethany), - 1,300 00 

Wisconsin— $311.07 

Cong.: Rice Lake, $3.35; Mrs. Willis E. 
Ekleberry .(Ash Ridge) $5; J. M. Fruit (Ash 
Ridge) $300; Y. P. S.: Rice Lake, $.47; Indv.: 
Elizabeth Clark, $2.25, 31107 

Total for the month, $ 7,56123 

Total previously reported, 43,443 87 

Total for the year, $51,005 10 

Arizona— $24.25 

S. S.: Glendale 24 25 

California— $82.75 

No. Dist., S. S.: Oakland, $8.43; McFar- 
land, $22.35; Primary Dept., McFarland, $2; 
Live Oak, $9.32; Lindsay, $14.58 7136 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, 1139 

Colorado— $23.12 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Haxtun, $9.50; Colorado 
Springs, $9.62, 19 12 

W. Dist., S. S.: Grand Jet., 4 00 

Florida— $62.90 

S. S.: Sebring, 62 90 

Idaho— $16.22 

S. S.: Nezperce, $3.10; Nampa, $13.12, .... 16 22 

Illinois— $710.95 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Morris, $170; Franklin 
Grove, $55.91; Elgin, $71.67; Dixon, $9.10; 
Bethany Students' Class (Chicago) $15.31; 
Bethany (Chicago) $122.20; Chinese (Chicago) 
$100; West Branch, $11.91; Louisa (Waddams 
Grove) $14; Sterling, $26.52; Rockford, $12.79, 609 41 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, $15.58; Romine, 
$10; Centennial (Okaw) $12.88; Martin Creek, 
$4.50; LaMotte Prairie, $5.35; Decatur, $7.87; 

Cerro Gordo, $19.21; Astoria, $26.15, 101 54 

Indiana— $819.95 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Wabash, $3; Roann, $8; 
Plunge Creek Chapel, $5.48; Pleasant Dale 
Cong. & S. S., $11.50; Pipe Creek, $20; Pike 
Creek (Monticello) $10.97; Guernsey (Monti- 
cello) $6.70; Markle, $2.25; Manchester, $96.30; 
Lower Deer Creek, $2.08; Loon Creek, $36.37; 
Eel River, $41.59; Delphi, $25.94; Clear Creek, 
$21.17, 29135 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Excelsior" Class, Yel- 
low River, $9.05; Union, $3.25; Syracuse, 
$5.67; Union Center, $15; Rock Run, $21.75; 
Nappanee, $12.96; New Paris, $70; Oak 

Grove, $40.75; Pine Creek, $46.86; Pleasant 
Hill, $33.60; Lake View (LaPorte) $4; 
" Christian Service " Class, Goshen City, 
$50; Elkhart City, $86.07; Center, $16.60; 
Cedar Lake, $4.10; Bethel, $7.30, 426 96 

So. Dist., S. S.: Ladoga, $16.65; Kokomo, 

$21.78; Arcadia, $3.21; Anderson, $60, 10164 

Iowa— $595.12 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Panther Creek, $20.52; 
Des Moines Valley, $12.50; Dallas Center, 
$26.72; Panora, (Coon River) $2.50; Brooklyn, 
$7.12; Bagley, $3.06, 72 42 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bible Class, Kingsley, 
$23; Sheldon, $4.35; S. S.'s of No. la., 
Minn. & S. D., $450, 477 35 

So. Dist., S. S.: Salem, $6.75; Ottumwa, 
$4.50; Osceola, $2.14; Franklin, $7.84; Fair- 
view, $11.55; Council Bluffs, $12.57, 45 35 

Kansas— $211.30 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Washington Creek, 
$33.51; Wade Branch, $2.75; Oakland (To- 
peka) $13.25; Sabetha, $25; Bible Class, Rich- 
land Center, $4.30; Richland Center, $14.20; 
Olathe, $2; Navarre, $5.75; Morrill, $11.01; 
Buckeye, $7.60, 119 37 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Quinter, $57.65; 
Maple Grove, $7.75, 65 40 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: "King's Daughters 
Class," Osage, $3.50; Osage, $3.50, 7 00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Newton City, $3.71; 

Monitor, $15.82, 19 53 

Louisiana — $23.74 

S. S. : Roanoke, 23 74 

Maryland— $482.02 

E. Dist., S. S.: Washington City, $69.09; 
Blue Ridge College (Pipe Creek) $22.23; 
Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) $2.70; Rocky 
Ridge (Monocacy) ,$2.65; Detour (Monocacy) 
$9; Grossnickle (Middletown Valley) $23.17; 
Westminster (Meadow Branch) $63.51; Mead- 
ow Branch, $100; Valley View (Frederick) 
$2.75; Bethany, $14.15; Beaverdam, $10, .... 319 25 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Hagerstown, $160.77; 

Beaver Creek, $2, 162 77 

Michigan— $135.52 

S. S.: Hart, $24; Woodland, $111.52, 135 52 

Minnesota— $18.36 

S. S.: Hancock, $2.20; Bethel, $3.07; "Busy 
Bee" Class, Bethel, $1.32; D. V. B. S., 
Bethel, $1.88; Minneapolis, $3.37; Monticello, 
$6.52, 18 36 

Missouri— $117.83 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Branch, $2.55; 
Happy Hill, $14.83, 17 3S 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethany (Pleasant View) 
$4.77; Mrs. Geo. Hoover of Walnut Grove 
(Smith Fork) $25; Walnut Grove (Smith 
Fork) $8.11; Shelby Co., $10; Cong. & S. S., 
Shelby Co., $37.80; No. Bethel (Bethel) $4.77, 90 45 

S. W. Dist., S, S.: Oak Grove, 10 00 


S. S.: Enders, $6.50; Afton, $4.04; Octavia, 
$2.75; Lincoln, $9.04, 22 33 

North Carolina— $2.62 

S. S.: Mill Creek, 2 62 

North Dakota— $26.25 

S. S.: Minot, $7.25; James River, $8.80;- 
Egeland, $8; Salem, $2.20, 26 25 

Ohio— $1,157.48 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Alliance Mission, $20.08; 
Zion Hill, $35.36; Paradise (Wooster) $16; 
Woodworth, $9.33; W. Nimishillen, $109.42; 
Tuscarawas, $14.30; Richland, $7.22; Owl 
Creek, $21; Olivet, $25.11; Maple Grove, 
$20.03; Hartville, $41; Cleveland, $5.57; Beech 
Grove (Chippewa) $10; Bethel (Bethel Ma- 
honing) $7; Beech Grove, $30.04; Baltic, 
$23.10, : 394 56 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Toledo, $4.89; Hickory 
Grove (Silver Creek) $29.29; Walnut Grove 
(Silver Creek) $26.52; No. Poplar Ridge 
(Poplar Ridge) $23.17; Defiance Mission (Pop- 
lar Ridge) $51.87; Pleasant View, $32.52; 
Lick Creek, $20; Fostoria, $7.17; Fairview, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$1.54; Eagle Creek, $42.70; Dupont (Blanch- 

ard) $28.78; Bellefontaine, $5.35, 273 80 

So. Dist., S. S.: Wheatville (Upper Twin) 
$10.50; Wheatville D. V. B. S. (Upper Twin) 
$5; Toms Run (Sugar Hill) $30.30; Strait 
Creek Valley, $1.94; Bethel (Salem) $32.17; 
Poplar Grove, $22.34; Pleasant Hill, $23; Red 
River, (Painter Creek) $3; Oakland, $13.99; 
Marble Furnace, $1.83; Happy Corner (Low- 
er Stillwater) $49.19; Lower Miami, $64.05; 
Lexington, $3.39; Harris Creek, $8.83; Ft. 
McKinley, $57.92; Donnels Creek, $34; Circle- 
ville, $3.50; Mission Band, Circleville, 7.72; 

Cincinnati, $100; Brookville, $16.45, 489 12 

Oregon— $17.50 

S. S.: Myrtle Point, 17 50 

Pennsylvania— $2,388.68 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mohrsville (Maiden Creek) 
$25; Spring Creek, $15.01; Dist. Meeting at 
Ephrata, $50; W. Conestoga, $59.13; Shubert 
(Little Swatara) $11.73; Merkey's (Little 
Swatara) $137.63; Ziegler's (Little Swatara) 
$16.29; Frystown (Little Swatara) $12.06; 
Quakertown (Springfield) $34.19; Myerstown, 
$22.81; Mountville, $7.88; Skippack (Mingo) 
$24.37; Lititz, $35.50; Lansdale, (Hatfield) 
$20; Harrisburg, $50; S. S.'s of Fredericks- 
burg, $35.68; Ephrata, $31.27; E. Fairview, 
$61; " Seekers " ClasSj Bachmanville (Cone- 
wago) $6.25; Bareville, (Conestoga) $21.52; 
Mt. Hope (Chiques) $15.13; Chiques, $11.09; 
So. Annville (Annville) $20.25; Akron, $40.06, 763 85 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Yellow Creek, $5.08; 
Curryville, (Woodbury) $12.10; Holsinger 
(Woodbury) $6.19; Williamsburg, $7.45; 
Spring Run, $52.65; " Work & Win " Class, 
Lewistown, $10; Huntingdon, $84.29; Juniata 
Park, $82; James Creek, $3.77; Dry Valley, 
$6; Class No. 4, Dry Valley, $10; Clover 
Creek, $7.84; Burnham, $23.45; Rockhill 
(Aughwick) $3.50; Boyd Schmittle (deceased 
of Rockhill S. S.) (Aughwick) $11.10, 325 42 

So. Dist., S. S.: Black Rock (Upper Co- 
dorus) $20.08; Melrose (Upper Codorus) $4.25; 
Chestnut Grove, (Upper Codorus) $18; 
Shippensburg (Ridge) $34.88; New Fairview, 
$14.40; Mechanicsburg (Lower Cumberland) 
$87; Good Will (Lost Creek) $50; Codorus, 
$16.56; Pleasant Hill (Codorus) $3.48; Car- 
lisle, $11.65; Brandts, (Back Creek) $9.34, .. 269 64 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Germantown, $332.42; 
Parkerford, $10.75; Norristown, $17.67; Green- 
tree, $60.74 42158 

W. Dist., S. S.: Cowanshanock, $14.57; 
Viewmont, $14.87; Sipesville, $12.40; Rum- 
mel, $20; Greenville (Rockton) $2.55; Rock- 
ton, $11.51; Fire Hill, (Quemahoning) $11.79; 
Mission Study Class, Maple Spring (Que- 
mahoning) $22.25; Maple Spring (Quemahon- 
ing) $17; Plum Creek, $28.82; Pittsburgh, 
$50; Nanty-Glo, $8.03; Moxham, $11.19; Mey- 
ersdale, $118.83; Locust Grove, $3; Mont- 
gomery, $19.16; Middle Creek, $75.15; Pur- 
chase Line (Manor) $51.18; Wilpen (Ligonier) 
$4.64; Maple Grove (Johnstown) $6; Mt. 
Joy (Jacobs Creek) $36.09; Hyndman, $3; 
Greensburg, $35.11; Hochstetler, Greenville, 
$6; Glade Run, $12.05; Geiger, $8; Salem 

(Brothersvalley) $5 608 19 

South Dakota— $6.00 

S. S. : Willow Creek, 6 00 

Tennessee— $14.25 

S. S.: Pleasant View: $4.25; French Broad 

Cong. & S. S.: $10, 14 25 

Virginia— $484.04 

E. Dist., S. S.: Trevilian, $9; Mt. Olivet 
(Rappahannock) $10; Oronoco, $10; Oakton 
(Fairfax) $27.37 56 37 

First Dist., S. S.: Troutville, $44.10; Tinker 
Creek, (Roanoke) $4.40; Green Hill, $20; 
Cloverdale, $38.44; Pleasant View (Chestnut 
Grove) $26.72, 133 66 

No. Dist., S. S.: Fairview (Unity) $5.45; 
Timberville, $26.85; Salem, $28.25; Harrison- 
burg, $15; Cedar Grove (Flat Rock) $9.73; 
Montezuma (Cooks Creek) $56; Dayton 
(Cooks Creek) $14; Hinton Grove (Cooks 

Creek) $7; Pleasant Run (Cooks Creek) $5.23; 

Cooks Creek, $11.75, ; 179 26 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Sangerville, $7; Mt. 
Vernon, $3.42; Moscow, $22.80; Little River 
(Elk Run) $5; Buena Vista, $19.75; Sanger- 
ville, $27, 84 97 

So. Dist., S. S.: Topeco, $14.52; Monte 
Vista (Bethlehem) $5.65; Bethlehem, $7.61, 27 78 

Washington— $67.24 

S. S.: Sunnyside, $12.50; Outlook, $10; 
Seattle, $15.22; Mt. Hope, $11.90; E. 

Wenatchee, $17.62 67 24 

West Virginia— $88.50 

First Dist., S. S. : Allegheny, $6.66; Bean 
Settlement, $2.90; Beaver Run, $5.43; Glade 
View (Eglon) $4; Maple Spring (Eglon) $32; 
New Creek, $9.26; Salem (Sandy Creek) 

$29.25, 88 50 

Wisconsin — $5.75 

S. S.: Chippewa Valley, $4.41; Rice Lake, 
$1.34, 5 75 

Total for the month $ 7,602 67 

Total previously reported, 11,775 46 

Total for the year, $19,378 13 

Virginia— $32.00 

Sec. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bridge- 
water College, 32 00 

Total for the month, $ 32 00 

Total previously reported, 254 90 

Total for the year, $ 286 90 

Illinois— $463.50 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mt. Mor- 
ris College, $121; Students & Faculty of 

Bethany Bible School, $342.50, 463 50 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Ruth F. Ulrey, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 486 50 

Total previously reported, 2,528 95 

Total for the year $ 2,997 45 

California— $26.35 

So. Dist., Aid .Soc: So. Los Angeles, 

$10.70; Long Beach, $15.65, 26 35 

Iowa— $35.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: So. Waterloo, $25; 

Spring Creek, $10, 35 00 

Kansas— $15.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Quinter, 15 00 

Mary land— $65 .00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Hagerstown, 65 00 

Ohio— $118.69 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 118 69 

Total for the month, $ 260 04 

Total previously reported, 8,393 55 

Total for the year, $ 8,653 59 


Missouri— $68.35 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater 68 35 

Nebraska— $33.50 

Cong.: David Neher & Family (Beatrice), 33 50 
Ohio— $4.87 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class, 

Woodworth, 4 87 

Oregon— $5.20 

Missy, meeting at Damascus, 5 20 

Texas— $6.73 

Indv.: Mrs. Viola Black, 6 73 

Wisconsin— $100.00 

Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 100 00 

Total for the month, $ 218 65 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 

615 76 

Total for the year, $ 834 41 

Illinois — $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. E. A. Bowman, . . S 00 

Ohio— $2.93 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Hickory Grove (Silver 
Creek), 2 93 

Total for the month, $ 7 93 

Total previously reported, 806 96 

Total for the year $ 814 89 

Colorado— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 

Illinois— $24.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc.: Big Creek, 

Kansas— $44.50 

N. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Appanoose, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: E. J. & Emma Sell 


Maryland— $456.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 

Michigan— $5.50 

S. S.: "True Blue" Class, Woodland, .... 
Nebraska— $50.00 

Cong.: David Neher & Family (Beatrice), 
Ohio— $141.58 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Frank Leather- 
man (New Philadelphia) $3; Reading, $115, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Ernest B. and M. E. 
Inboden, (Logan), 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middletown, $5.58; Eliza- 
beth Hoover (Pitsburg) $10, 

Pennsylvania— $62.90 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $60; J. S. 
Mohler (Dry Valley) $2.90 

20 00 

24 00 

19 50 

25 00 

456 00 

5 50 

50 00 

118 00 

8 00 

15 58 

62 90 

Total for the month, $ 804 48 

Total previously reported, 3,103 71 

Total for the year, $ 3,908 19 

California— $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles, 25 00 

Indiana — $13.30 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wabash City, $3; Wa- 
bash, $10; Ruth Anna Schultz, $.30, 13 30 

Michigan— $10.10 

Cong.: Woodland, $.10; Indv.: Ruth Vani- 

man, $10, 10 10 

Ohio— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong. : Canton Center, t 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $346.91 

E. Dist., Cong.: Big Swatara, $19.25; Read- 
ing, $46.69; Meyerstown, $17.35; Lebanon 
(Midway) $17.54; Midway, $21.08; Heidelberg, 
$11.25; Annville, $40; S. S.: Spring Creek, 
$30.38; Mohrsville, (Maiden Creek) $29; Bach- 
manville (Conewago) $11.22; Conewago, 
$12.48; Rankstown & Moonshine (Fredericks- 
burg) $9.78; Hummelstown (Spring Creek) 
$7.26; C. W. S.: Palmyra, $29.63 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Huntingdon, (For Baby 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nora Sieber Sausman 
(Lost Creek), 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Annie Link (Johns- 
town) $5; D. V. B. S.: Rockton, $4, 9 00 

302 91 
10 00 

25 00 

Total for the month, $ 445 31 

Total previously reported, 1,215 84 

Correction No. 11, 

$ 1,661 15 
159 64 

Total for the year, $ 1,501 51 

Florida— $30.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, 30 00 

Iowa— $140.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class, So. 
Waterloo, $60; " Loyal Workers " Class, 

Ivester (Grundy Co.) $80 140 00 

Nebraska— $15.00 

S. S. Kearney, 15 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 

Total for the year $ 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 

Virginia— $70.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: W. Mill Creek (Mill 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant Valley 

185 00 
747 70 

932 70 

5 00 

35 00 
35 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Indiana— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Excelsior" Class, 

Huntington City, 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 


Michigan— $12.50 

Cong.: Edith M. Scrogum (Hart), 

Nebraska— $19.87 

S. S.: Alvo, $9.45; C. W* S.: Alvo, $10.42, 
Ohio— $161.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Beech Grove (Chip- 
pewa) $50; The Young Married People's 
Class, Akron, $25 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Claude G. Vore (Lima) 
$25; Alvordton C. W. S. & Bank of Hope 
Class, (Silver Creek) $50, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Sisters' Bible Class, 

Beech Grove, 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 
So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girl's Class (Ridge), 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Golden Rule" Class, 

Maple Spring, (Quemahoning), 

Virginia— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Mill Creek, 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

75 00 
1,177 41 

1,252 41 

50 00 

5 00 
12 50 
19 87 

75 00 

75 00 
11 50 
25 00 
50 00 

6 25 

330 12 
3,473 51 

Total for the year, $ 3,803 63 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Huntingdon, 

30 00 

Total for the month, . . . 
Total previously reported, 

30 00 
35 00 

Total for the year, $ 65 00 


Minnesota— $4.00 

C. W. S.: Y. P. Section, Minneapolis, .... 4 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

4 00 
378 91 

Total for the year, $ 382 91 

Idaho— $10.00 

Indv.: In Memory of Lizzie Green, 10 00 

Indiana— $200.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Manchester, $100; 
Indv.: Young People's Dept. of Mid. Ind., 

$100 200 00 

Iowa— $13.67 

No. Dist., S. S. : So. Waterloo, 13 67 



The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— S3. 45 

Cong. : Woodland, 

Virginia— $4.00 

Cong.: Little River (Elk Run), 
West Virginia— $4.00 

Indv. : Cora Shaffer, 

3 45 

4 00 

Total previously reported, 3,012 42 

Total for the month, $ 235 12 

Total previously reported, 922 31 

Total for the year $ 1,157 43 

Michigan — $20.00 

C. W. S.: Woodland, 

20 00 

20 00 
308 51 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 328 51 

California— $37.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Missy. Class, Covina, .... 37 50 
Iowa— $17.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Victor's Class," Dal- 
las Center 12 50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 

Kingsley, 5 00 

Maryland— $40.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Altruistic Bible Class," 

Hagerstown 40 00 

Pennsylvania— $50 .00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Faithful" Class, 
Lancaster. 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 145 00 

Total previously reported, 1,409 39 

Total for the year, $ 1,554 39 

Virginia— $50.00 

Indv.: Mary E. Alexander, 

Total for the month 

Total previously reported, 

50 00 


50 00 


50 00 

10 00 

1 00 

Total for the year, 

China— $10.00 

Indv.: Elizabeth Baker, 

Illinois— $1.00 

Cong.: Kaskaskia, 

Indiana— $411.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Men's Class, Manchester 
(For first house), 400 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's 

Class, Middlebury, 11 00 

Kansas — $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: M. Keller & Wife 

(Lamed), 5 00 

Mary land— $26 .00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Marv E. Bixler, 100 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Altruistic" Class, 

Hagerstown, 25 00 

Michigan — $40.25 

Cong.: Woodland, $.25; Dr. C. M. Mote & 

Wife (Beaverton), $40, 40 25 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Velma Dravenstot 

(Wooster) 5 00 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Indv.: Sarah Latimer, 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $28 .60 

W. Dist., Cong.: W. J. Hamilton & Wife 

(Rockwood), 28 60 

Washington— $25.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane), 25 00 

West Virginia— $4.00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, 4 00 

Total for the year $ 3,573 27 


Total previously reported, $ 69 08 

Correction No. 12, 25 00 

Total for the year, $ 

44 08 

Illinois— $17.23 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Martin Wickert 

(Astoria) $10; C. W. S.: Astoria, $7.23 17 23 

Maryland— $108.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Baltimore (Fulton Ave.), 108 00 
Ohio— $3.00 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Frank Leather- 
man (New Philadelphia), 3 00 

Oregon— $22.65 

D. V. B. S., Myrtle Point, 22 65 

Pennsylvania— $45.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Midway, $30; Young 
Women's Bible Class, Spring Creek, $5, 35 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "King's Daughters'" 

Class, Huntingdon, 10 00 

Wisconsin— $100.00 

Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 100 00 

Total for the mouth, $ 295 88 

Total previously reported, 3,965 90 

Total for the year, $ 4,261 78 


Pennsylvania— $3.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. L. B. Benner 
(Carson Valley), 

3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Total previously reported, 254 14 

Total for the year, $ 257 14 


Pennsylvania— $11.00 
So. Dist., S. S.: East End Mission (York), 6 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: E. L. McWhinney (Glade 

Run), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 1100 

Total previously reported, 3,624 68 

Total for the month $ 560 85 

Total for the year, $ 3,635 68 

Illinois— $11.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Beginners' Dept., Hast- 
ings St. Mission (Chicago) (for chairs), .. 11 00 
Maryland— $15.00 

E. Dist., " Mite Box " Offering, Home 

Dept., Fulton Ave., Baltimore, 15 00 

Ohio— $72.67 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. Horner (Canton 
Center) $3; Lucinda Stuckey (Freeburg) 10; 

S. S.: Freeburg, $45; Mohican, $14.67, 72 67 

Pennsylvania— $35.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mary C. Rider (Elizabeth- 
town), 25 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Gertrude Brumbaugh 
(Tames Creek) $5; Eleanor J. Brumbaugh 
(Huntingdon) $5, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 133 67 

Total previously reported, 3,722 21 

Total for the year, $ 3,855 88 

Arizona— $10.00 

Cong.: Phoenix, 10 00 

Idaho— $54.56 

Cong.: Boise Valley, 54 56 

Illinois— $96.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $91.20; 
Mrs. Emma Shiftier (Naperville) $5 96 20 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana— $26.72 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington, 14 72 

No. Dist., Cong.: O. W. Stine (Rock 
Run) 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: White, 2 00 

Maryland— $115.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $15; Wash- 
ington City, $100, , 115 00 

Minnesota— $10.50 

S. S. : Lewiston, 10 50 

North Dakota— $15.00 

Cong. : Brumbaugh, 15 00 

Ohio— $190.65 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Beech Grove (Chip- 
pewa) $62.05; Olivet, $20.20; Wood worth, $10; 
I. J. Gibson (Canton City) $2.90, 95 15 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Dupont (Blanchard), 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Donnel's Creek, $43.50; 
Ft. McKinley, $10; Greenville, $12; S. S.: 

Brookville, $20, 85 50 

Pennsylvania— $1,240.83 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Lane (Snake- 
spring) $50.50; S. S.: Replogle (Woodbury), 
$17.72, 68 22 

So. Dist., Cong. : Waynesboro, 850 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $14.68; Meyers- 
dale, $307.93, 322 61 

Virginia— $194.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, 194 00 

West Virginia— $13.05 

First Dist., Cong.: New Creek, 13 05 

Wisconsin— $20.20 

Cong. : Chippewa Valley 20 20 

Total for the month, $ 1,986 71 

Total previously reported 35,253 90 

Total for the year, .'. $37,240 61 

Colorado— $4.94 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford (Gen. S. 

S. Board) 4 94 

Indiana— $4.77 

No. Dist., C. W. S., Nappanee (Man- 
chester College — Ministers & Missionary 

Fund), 4 77 

Michigan— $18.30 

Cong.: Woodland (Gen. Educational 

Board), 18 30 

Ohio— $3.88 

So. Dist., S. S.: Oakland (Temperance & 

Purity Com.), ; 3 88 

Pennsylvania— $12.10 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. L. B. Benner 
(Carson Valley) (Bethany Bible School), ... 2 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parkerford (Temper- 
ance & Purity Com.), 10 10 

Washington— $3.00 

Cong.: Whitestone (Temperance & Purity 
Com.), , 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 46 99 

Total previously reported, 82 19 

Total for the year, $ 129 18 

Arkansas— $6.00 

First Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary J. Babb & 

Daughter, 6 00 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 68109 (Akron), .. 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 16 00 

Total previously reported, 81 22 

Total for the year $ 97 22 

California— $37.50 

So. Dist., Missy. Class, Covina S. S. for 

Delbert Vaniman, 37 50 

Idaho— $25.22 

Fruitland S. S. for Dr. D. L. Horning, . . 25 22 

Illinois— $542.30 

No. Dist., Franklin Grove Cong, for Bertha 
Butterbaugh, $119.80; A. F. Wine & Wife 
(Chicago) for Beulah Woods, $150; Mt. Mor- 
ris College Missy. Soc. for D. J. Lichty, 
$200, 46980 

So. Dist., Virden Aid Soc. for Leah R. 
Eby, $50; Primary & Junior Depts. of De- 
catur S. S. for lone Butterbaugh, $22.50, .... 72 50 
Indiana — $200.00 

So. Dist., Pyrmont S. S. for Moy Gwong, 200 00 
Iowa— $635.00 

No. Dist., Primary Dept., So. Waterloo S. 
S. for Lorita Shull, $45; Intermediate & 
Junior Dept., So. Waterloo for $45; So. 
Waterloo C. W. S. for A. S. B. Miller, 
$250; So. Waterloo S. S. for Jennie Miller, 
$250; " Loyal Helpers " Class, So. Waterloo 

for Josephine Miller, $45, 635 00 

Kansas— $256.25 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. for Emma H. 
Eby 6 25 

S. W. Dist. Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker 

& Wife, 250 00 

Maryland— $500.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.'s for H. P. Garner & B. 

F. Summer, 500 00 

Michigan— $250.00 

S. S.'s for Pearl Bowman, 250 00 

Missouri— $46.56 

Mid. Dist., Prairie View Cong, for Jennie 
Mohler, $37.50; Happy Hill Cong, for Jen- 
nie Mohler, $9.06, 46 56 

Ohio— $427.03 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 67 22 

N. W. Dist., Pleasant View S. S. for Ellen 
H. Wagoner, 250 00 

So. Dist., Salem Cong, for Mrs. J. H. 

Bright, 109 81 

Pennsylvania— $232.50 

E. Dist., " Helping Hand " Class, Lebanon 
S. S. (Midway) 37 50 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker (Everett) for 
Feme H. Coffman, $75; Albright Cong. & 
S. S. for Olivia D. Ikenberry, $20, 95 00 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for Adam Ebey, 100 00 

Tennessee— $165.57 

S. S.'s for Anna B. Seese, $40.57; Knob 

Creek Cong, for Anna B. Seese, $125, 165 57 

Virginia— $305.00 

First Dist., Leland C. Moomaw & Wife 
(Roanoke) for Elsie Shickel, 200 00 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, 105 00 

Total for the month $ 3,622 93 

Total previously reported, 29,893 81 

$ 33,516 74 

Correction No. 11, 159 64 


Total for the year, $33,676 38 



(Concluded from Page 57) 
The outstanding sentence in a recently- 
published life of Roosevelt is one spoken by- 
Mrs. Roosevelt when the last of her four 
boys 1 had enlisted in the service of his 
country. Mr. Roosevelt was just a little 
daunted when the last and youngest left for 
the front; but Mrs. Roosevelt said to him, 
" You must not bring up your boys like 
eagles, and expect them to act like sparrows.''' 

"There is no armor for the back." 

l^ lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllW 




Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 
Bronderslev, Denmark 

• Esbensen, Niels, 1920 

• Esbensen, Christine, 1920 

Spanhusvagen 38, Maimfc, 

Gra-ybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansl, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Car!, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Cfumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1901 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language School, 

Pekin, China 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1923 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 

Liao Chou, Shanei, Chine 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1910 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1910 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, Chine 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Miller, Valley, 1919 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A, 

Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 

Canton, China 

I'Gwong. Moy, 1920 
Smith, Albert R., 1923 
Smith, Verona, 1923 
On Furlough 

Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College, 

Heisey, Walter J., 3435 Van 
* Native workers trained 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Heisey, Sue R., 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Oberholtzer, I. E., Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., 1916 

Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 

Elizabethtown, Pa., 1916 

Seese, Norman A., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1917. 

Seese, Anna, Bfidgewater, 
Va., 1917 

Shock, Laura J., 5752 Dor- 
chester Ave., Chicago, 1916 

Wampler, Ernest M., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 

Wampler, Vida A., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 
Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, 
via Jos, Nafada & fiiu 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 

Burke, Marguerite Schrock 

Helser, A. D., 1922 

Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 

Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 

Kulp, Ruth Royer, 1923 


Ahwa, Dengs Forest, vie 

Bilimore, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesver, Broach Diet, 

Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Erne V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulser, Suret Diet., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 
Wolfe, L. Mae. 1922 

Dahanu, Thane Diet., India 
Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert. Ella, 1917 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 
in America 

Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Post Umalla, vie Ankleevar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Vyara, vie Surat Dist., Indie 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 
1923 ' 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 
On Furlough 
Garner, H. P., 164 N. Prairie 

St., Batavia, 111., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 164 N. 
Prairie St., Batavia, 111., 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Miller, Eliza B., Waterloo, 

la., R. 1, 1900 
Mohler, Jennie, Leeton, Mo., 
care of D. L. Mohler, 1916 
Ross, A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 
Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Limerick, 
Pa., 1908 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pi . t r t . en *! r ' J- M » Pleasant 
Hill, O., 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B.. 
Pleasant Hill, O., 1904 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morri*. 
111., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., 1894 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Ve. 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Pes tors 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver. C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to Qur missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


Ten of the Reasons 

Why You Should 
Take Advantage of 

Our Annuity Plan 

1. Your Investment is secure. There is no need of worry for its 

2. There is no trouble in collections — not even the necessity of 
your notifying us when the amount is due. 

3. No loss of time in the investment. From the date of your giving 
us the money till the date of your death the investment draws 
interest for you. 

4. No depreciation in investment. You can reckon your income 
for years ahead. 

'5. The income is sure. It is all " bird in the hand." No " bush " 
business about it. 

6. You are your own executor. No lawyer's fees. No broken 
friendships. You do it all yourself and place the money now 
where you want it to be. 

7. Your investment is free from speculation. The Board's entire 
assets of more than $1,000,000.00 are behind your gift. 

8. In years of plenty you can provide for your old age. No " Blue 
Sky " about it, simply business principles conservatively applied. 

9. It is a simple way to make a gift. No medical examination, no 
legal fees, no publicity. As " near the way you want it as we can 
make it." 

10. The investment assists in spreading the Gospel unto the " utter- 
most parts." You provide yourself an income and assist in 
carrying out the Great Commission. 

You can relieve yourself of the worry, trouble and concern of 
making wise investments if you consider our Annuity Plan and in- 
vest your money with us. 

Why not ask for information? A post card inquiry to us will 
bring it. 

(Zer\eral Missiorv Board 




Churclvof the brethren 


March, 1924 

'%ob ntues us tasks, not 
aaurmng to our strrngtlj: 
Ijr summons ns to tasks in- 
finitely, broono onr nonirr: 
tjr summons us to tasks ar- 
rorotng to our sirrngtij rrtn- 
forrro bg tljr ijolu ^ntrtt" 

— f ijUltus Wtaakz. 

M©. 3- 

IBB^^ iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiw 







H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription 
for every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



r ; 


__Qj7Y x ^^M 


Ul ^So^^Hhi^ 

I f r~ 

' f 1 



kSn ,/ 

The Share Plan Opens the Doors 


and let the light of Jesus shine on 
the children of India and China? 

TICAL METHOD whereby Sunday- 
schools and individuals can do mis- 
sionary work and receive regular re- 
ports from the field where their money 
is being used. 

Write for information 


Church of the Brethren 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Beard 

Volume XXVI 

MARCH, 1924 

No. 3 




Some Testings in the Missionary's Life, By Anna M. Hutchison, 67 

Connecting Up the Home Church with the China Mission, By F. H. 

Crumpacker, 69 

One Saturday Morning, By Anna Brumbaugh, 70 

A Letter from India, By E. H. Eby, 71 

India Notes, By Alary Shull, 71 

Holiday Notes, By Mary Speicher Shuli, 73 

China Notes for December, 74 


School for Rural Church Leaders, 76 


Missionary News, 78 

The Board's Financial Status Feb. 1, 80 

India Social Workers' Conference, 80 


Sparks, Collected by Ida Shumaker, 81 

By the Evening Lamp, 85 

Nuts to Crack, 86 



The Minister and Missions 

Every minister should ask himself four 
things about missions in his church: 1. Is 
my church receiving adequate instruction 
along missionary lines, such as the world 
needs, the work of our denomination, what 
the District is doing, the conditions within 
the local church boundary and the great ex- 
amples of missionary heroes? 2. Is there 
prevailing prayer for missions? Do my peo- 
ple pray intelligently and effectively? If 
not, what can I do to help them? 3. Are 
the members of this church enlisted in per- 
sonal service, winning souls, caring for the 
sick, comforting the sorrowing and train- 
ing their children sympathetically in mis- 
sion work? 4. Is there a concern for souls 
throughout the world that leads to joyful, 

generous giving of money to the general 
work of the church? 

Unless these conditions prevail, the con- 
gregation is not an efficient missionary 

Of course, it is the problem of the church 
to correct these matters, but most congre- 
gations do not make many advances apart 
from their ministerial leadership. 

Can the church expect a minister, who 
is compelled to do secular work for a living, 
to accomplish this work? It is done only 
in rare instances, and we are forced back to 
the conclusion that if a church is to do her 
work there must be pastoral leadership 
definitely assigned to this task. Whether 
we like it or not, we must put ministers 
(trained ones) in charge of our churches 


The Missionary Visitor 


and care for their bread and butter, so 
they can minister in churchly things. 

Missions and Our Young People 

The young people have ever been a prob- 
lem. They just refuse to be steady, like the 
good older folks. Either they absent them- 
selves entirely from the church, or if they 
do come they whisper and wear clothing 
that we think is foolish. What shall we do 
with the awful young folks ? 

Some one has outlined the following plan, 
which seems very good : 1. Understand 
them. 2. Challenge them. 3. Use them. 4. 
Give them responsibility. We doubt if the 
young folks of today are as awful as we 
were when we were young folks. We 
do know, too, that the young folks have an 
enthusiasm which is indispensable to the 
church, and this should be harnessed and 
used. The young folks need and desire to 
be active, and where is the church that does 
not need their service? 

Religious Education and Missionary Educa- 

It seems unfortunate that these two terms 
have ever become divorced. They belong 
together. Since they have been divorced 
some folks feel that missionary education is 
something extraneous that is saddled on in 
addition to Christian teaching. No Chris- 
tian education is complete until the pupil be- 
lieves he has a mission and furthermore his 
education is always developed further by 
working at his mission. The pupil learns 
some things by the cramming in process and 
others by the drawing out method. As a 
church group locally or generally we will 
get more of our mission done if we can al- 
ways associate missionary education very 
closely with our regular religious instruc- 
tion. It may well be considered a weakness 
of our Sunday-school literature both from 
the standpoint of pedagogy and accomplish- 
ment that our everyday work as Christians 
is not more closely associated with our Bib- 
lical study. 

Missionary Projects for Sunday-school Pu- 

The interest manifested by the Sunday- 
schools in the Mission Emergency fund re- 
minds us that the Sunday-school is a good 
place to secure missionary money, not be- 

cause the amount is so large but because 
of the educational work that is done in the 
getting of it. During the past year a num- 
ber of schools have used the old method of 
passing out dimes or quarters to each pupil 
for them to make an investment, the re- 
turns to be used for mission work. This 
plan is contemplated for the summer of 
1924 by a number of leaders. This brings 
to our mind the PROJECT METHOD of 
missionary education. Some people, after 
they are well acquainted with the whole 
missionary program can think and pray in- 
telligently over the whole range of our mis- 
sionary work. Beginners cannot do this as 
well and they must get their start with 
some project. It is far more convenient for 
the General Mission Board if all money 
would be given for the World Wide Fund 
so it can be used at any point of need. But 
from the contributor's standpoint (especial- 
ly the children) it is much better to think of 
some definite school, medical work or cer- 
tain mission station. 

The Board wishes to cooperate with all 
Sunday-schools which will set their children 
to work earning money this coming summer 
and will give information concerning differ- 
ent projects and it will be well to let the 
children have some choice as to what they 
want to do. 
The 1924 Mission Money. 

On February 29 the fiscal year for the 
General Mission Board closes and on the 
next day a new year begins. The Five Year 
Forward Movement as such officially closes 
then but the cooperation of the different 
Boards and Committees continues. Let us 
hope that our Forward Movement contin- 
ues. Brother J. W. Lear was selected by 
the Calgary Conference to be director of the 
cooperative movement of the Boards. The 
name of this movement is Council of Pro- 

The treasurer for the combined budget 
for the Boards is the same as for the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, namely Clyde Culp. 
All checks whether intended for the General 
Mission Board or for the combined budget 
should be written to the General Mission 
Board but the accompanying letter should 
state whether the money is for the Con- 
ference Budget — the combined budget — or 
(Continued on Page 96) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Some Testings in the Missionary's Life 

" It is Not the Elephants and Tigers That Kill, but the Mosquitoes 

and Chiggers " 

■*■ 'f ♦ + 

THE missionary, af- 
ter a few years 
on the field, is 
inclined to feel that the 
romance and halo with 
which some people in- 
vest the missionary's 
life, as above the com- 
mon, ordinary experi- 
ences of men, is rather a 
contrast to the actual 
living on the field. 

True, the parting with 
loved ones, that we may ne'er meet again, 
is indeed a deep experience, that pulls on 
the heartstrings as perhaps few experiences 
do. The journey across the great deep to a 
new and strange country is thrilling, to say 
the least. The opportunity of bearing 
the message of God's love. and salvation to 
those who have never heard, is an incom- 
parable privilege. And the occasional fur- 
loughs home are like crises in the mis- 
sionary's life. These and others are big 
things in themselves. It is not, however, 
to these that I wish to call our attention in 
this article, but rather to some of the little, 
common, testing inevitable experiences that 
come to the missionary, that prove his met- 
al, and do much toward making or mar- 
ring the success and happiness of his life 
and work on the field. It was Dr. Dixon, 
at Chi Kung Shan, last summer, who said, 
"It's not the tigers and elephants that kill, 
but the mosquitoes and chiggers. It takes 
more courage to bear the humdrum of the 
language study, and the humdrum of the 
work, than to meet the great emergencies." 
But he further said, " It is doing the hum- 
drum work in an angelic way that brings 
the angels." 

And so it is with no purpose to dis- 
courage, but rather to encourage to adapta- 
bility, those who may be contemplating the 
field, that these lines are written. 

Immediately on reaching the field, the 
missionary, regardless of his ability and 
former training with college or university 

At one of our neighboring mis- 
sion stations, awhile back, a con- 
ference was being held by some of 
the foreigners and native Christians 
as to the wisest course of procedure 
in correcting some unruly boys in the 
school. A call for prayer in their 
behalf was made, when one of the 
Chinese Christians remarked, " Let 
us pray that the foreigner may have 
more patience." 

honors, must begin at 
the very bottom of the 
ladder — at the a b c of 
learning a difficult lan- 
guage, to make a suc- 
cess of which he must 
pursue it with a deter- 
mination and stick-to- 
it-ive-ness that enables 
him to say, " This one 
thing I do," in spite of 
the hundred and one 
other things that claim 
his time. Else when he is finally in the 
work, with little time for language study, 
he will find his efficiency crippled, and his 
sphere of usefulness limited because of fail- 
ure to master the language during the years 
of preparation. 

When one from the homeland was visit- 
ing on the field, and walking one day 
through the streets of Liao Chou, he was 
heard to remark, " I don't see how these 
missionaries .endure it here under such 
conditions." And so another testing ex- 
perience is met by the worker when he 
comes interior to his field of labor and 
faces dirt, sin, disease, ignorance and super- 
stition on every hand ; where flies, lice and 
bugs give him a merry chase ; where, in 
sharp contrast to the deeper interest and 
appreciation accorded him by his many 
friends on leaving the homeland, misunder- 
standing and lack of appreciation may 
await him on the field. Nothing short of a 
heart of love, consecration of purpose, and 
an eye single to fulfilling one's mission in 
the saving of souls, can help one to "carry 
on " courageously and sweetly. " It is not 
the tigers and elephants that kill, but the 
mosquitoes and chiggers." 

Again, the missionary's patience may be 
tested by the continuous interruptions that 
come into his life, that unexpectedly break 
into his daily or hourly program, upsetting 
his plans, and making a systematic schedule 
of work next to impossible. It may be the 
binding up of a bruised or cut finger, the 


The Missionary Visitor 


adjusting of some difficulty between pupils, 
helpers or fellow-Christians, or praying 
with some soul in trouble. It may be a 
call from some destitute man or woman 
pleading for financial aid, or a friendly call 
of a neighbor for a little visit, or the call of 
a stranger out of curiosity to see the for- 
eigner and his home. These and many 
other interruptions often come when the 
missionary is pressed to the limit for time, 
or tired and worked to the limit of his 
strength, and so his patience may be tried 
to the limit. Yet these interruptions, that 
seem like real hindrances to his doing the 
most and best work, if rightly met and 
taken advantage of may often be the open 
door of opportunity in getting close to the 
hearts of the people. They are some of the 
little things that may help or hinder the 
greater work of saving souls. Jesus, 
though tired and desiring quiet and rest, 
did not forego the opportunity of helping 
the multitude that pressed upon him. Cour- 
tesy and kindness always pay, and nowhere 
are more at par than on the mission field. 
Drummond says, " It will take you years 
to speak in Chinese, or in the dialects of 
India, but from the day you land the lan- 
guage of love will be understood by all, 
as it pours forth its unconscious eloquence." 
Time spent in manfesting the spirit of love 
is never time lost. And of interruptions 
some one has said, " Count every one as a 
call from God." 

When our party came to the mission field 
in 1911, Bro. D. L. Miller, who had had 
some experience on the field, said to us as 
his parting message, " When you reach the 
field you will need above all else to have 
patience, and then more patience, and still 
more patience." Today we can understand 
more perfectly the practical significance of 
his advice, than we did at the time, both 
from the standpoint of the conditions that 
we have to deal with, and also from the 
standpoint of the quick temper and im- 
pulsive nature of the Westerner. At one of 
our neighboring mission stations, awhile 
back, a conference was being held by some 
of the foreigners and native Christians as 
to the wisest course of procedure in cor- 
recting some unruly boys in the school. A 
call for prayer in their behalf was made, 
when one of the Chinese Christians re- 
marked, " Let us pray that the foreigner 

may have more patience and forbearance." 

True," many are the occasions that try 
the patience, yet one fit of temper, though 
vented on the humblest Chinaman, may 
hurt one's influence for months or even 
years. Or controlling one's temper under 
trying circumstances, on the contrary, has 
its influence for good. 

Recently, at a certain village in the terri- 
tory of another one of our neighboring mis- 
sion stations, a call was made for the 
teaching of the Jesus doctrine, in which a 
number of the people of the village were 
unusually interested. On inquiry as to the 
cause of this exceptional interest, the mis- 
sionary in charge was told that during the 
Red Cross famine work of building roads in 
that section, one of the missionaries from 
the head station was located at their vil- 
lage, overseeing the work of giving out 
daily rations to the workmen on the road 
and to the famine-stricken in that section. 
During all those trying months they had 
never seen him once lose his temper or 
speak angrily to the hungry mob that daily 
thronged him. They concluded it was noth- 
ing but his religion that could enable him 
constantly to keep his temper under such 
trying circumstances, and they, too, wanted 

While there are many noble examples of 
Christian faithfulness by converts on the 
field, not infrequently the missionary meets 
the testing, discouraging experience of see- 
ing converts fail, and still others whom 
they have endeavored to help, and on whom 
they have depended, not making good. 
It helps one, however, to remember their 
own weaknesses and imperfections, not- 
withstanding years and generations of op- 
portunity, while most of these people are 
only the first generation from heathendom; 
and that it takes time to develop character, 
to train away from heathendom and to 
train up into Christianity. 

Again the missionary's metal is tested in 
his ability to get along with his fellow-mis- 
sionaries and to do team work. One would 
naturally think that the one who has been 
willing to leave home and friends, and has 
consecrated his life to the salvation of the 
heathen, ought to be able to get along with 
most any one, but in actual living it does 
not always prove thus. There are some 
reasons, perhaps, for this fact. I've heard it 


The Missionary Visitor 


said that " every missionary has a will of 
his own, else he would never have gotten to 
the field." The fact of his will, his leader- 
ship, his initiative, together with differences 
of views and conscientious scruples, may 
account for some lack of harmony at times. 
But more frequently it comes from a lack 
of fully understanding each other. And so, 
while having convictions of our own, a 
measure of the spirit of charity and recog- 
nition of the other person's views is abso- 
lutely necessary to do team work. And 
team work is absolutely necessary for any 
mission to make progress in doing its best 
work, for "by this," Jesus said, "shall all 
men know ye are my disciples, if ye have 
love one for another." As was said at the 
Shanghai National Christian Conference, 
" We can agree to differ, but resolve to 
love." While yet at home, practice in the 
art of getting along with people is a splen- 
did exercise, for an ocean journey does not 
insure this art, any more than it makes a 
missionary in any other respect. 

Finally, the limit or the enlargement of 
the missionary's success depends much on 
the limit or the enlargement of his vision, 
on his perspective of the work to be done, 
on his final objective and his never losing 
sight of it. There are a thousand little in- 
cidental things that he must constantly see 
after, both in relation to his home and per- 
sonal comfort, as well as in the carrying on 
and overseeing of his work; things that are 
essential and would not be done or seen to 

did he not take the responsibility. And yet 
he needs to be on his guard, that his vision 
be not lost in these incidentals, and the 
sphere of his usefulness limited by failure 
to bend his energies toward the one great 
objective of all missions — that of saving 
souls. " It is not the tigers and elephants 
that kill, but the chiggers and mosquitoes." 
" It is the little foxes that spoil the vine." 
I am by no means a missionary pessimist, 
and God forbid that I discourage one soul 
from undertaking this work, the privilege 
of doing which there is no greater in our 
Master's vineyard. But one needs to 
" count the cost " and adapt himself to con- 
ditions, making the most of them. After 
all, the real joys and privileges of the mis- 
sion field far outweigh its trials and prob- 
lems. In this article I have told but one 
side. There is a fascination about the lan- 
guage that makes the study of it a joy, and 
it has been said that, " he who learns an- 
other language has gained a new soul." In 
spite of the dirt, lice and ignorance, there 
are many cleanly homes and intelligent 
people, beautiful, loving and lovable, who 
appreciate the missionary in their midst. 
The work of the missionary is to help the 
undesirable to better things and to lead all 
to Christ. Though misunderstandings and 
difficulties do arise at times between fel- 
low-missionaries, yet, these adjusted, the 
family tie is strong on the mission field, and 
the occasional ' meetings of the mission 
family are a real joy and spiritual uplift. 

Connecting Up the Home Church with the 
China Mission 


I WELL remember while in school, and 
even before I had gotten into college, 
how my idea of the India Mission was 
stimulated by the results of visits to that 
field by D. L. Miller years ago. His Mes- 
senger articles and his books of travel cer- 
tainly linked to the mission field many a 
young mind that would have missed this 
linking up had he not made these visits. 
It is needless to say that the mission felt 
his influence, and the advice that came from 
long experience certainly was a help. 

The ideal thing, of course, would be for 

some of our members at home to make these 
trips themselves, as he did, and then, of 
course, they could be arranged in an unhur- 
ried way. 

When the secretaries of the Board, or 
other men under salary, make the trips they 
must arrange a rather rapid and strict 
schedule and then keep as nearly to it as 
they can. 

Our mission in China has had decided help 
from our deputations and visits from the 
Board representatives, and we pray the 
church speedily to send out again some one 


The Missionary Visitor 


or two who can spend a year in our mis- 
sion fields, and by their touch here and 
their home articles to the periodicals much 
good should come, and some of the almost 
unsurmountable obstacles would be over- 

This article is not meant to be dictatorial 
in any sense, but a good, sympathetic ad- 
viser, who would talk of any and all things 
that come up for solution on the field, or 
in any way to connect up the Home Board 
with the field, would be a boon not to be 
measured by dollars. 

The Board usually acts when church senti- 
ment favors it, and so I am praying that 
the church will arise and say to the Board, 
" Move on. Make these unhurried visits, 
and let us have the results, and the Lord 
the praise." After this command is given 

to the Board, then close by saying, " And 
we are back of you." 

There are problems on the field and there 
are problems at home, and the knowledge 
of the one will help solve the other. THIS 
WORKS BOTH WAYS. The work will go 
on on the field, and the work will continue 
in the homeland, but these days when peo- 
ple are calling for greater efficiency, why 
not have it in our mission work? 

The Lord knows how we all lon^~^%r the 
best to come to our church, and so I feel 
that this is one line of procedure in which we 
might be able to do better. Shall we try 
it? May the Board receive the assurance 
that is needed to make this possible ! 

I like the saying that I heard when I was 
a boy in Epworth League or young people's 
meetings: "The Lord helping me I will." 

One Saturday Morning 

Missionary to India 

IT is in the hot season and the water 
is very scarce, so we go to the river 
for bathing and washing, two miles 
away. The little girls, especially, enjoy the 
trips very much, for they ride in the ox- 
cart. It's just as bumpy as a big farm 
wagon, next to the axles, but the children 
think it's great, anyway. < Do you see the 
line of girls? Thirty of them — fifteen small- 
er ones, fifteen larger ones. Each of the 
big girls carries a bundle of clothes — a sheet 
containing her clothes and those of the little 
girl for whom she cares. The little girls 
who go by cart sit in rows of three across 
the cart — five rows of them — and the cart 
driver in front, next to the oxen. The cart 
leaves, and the fifteen girls, the matron and 
I, go by foot. We start along the govern- 
ment road, then cut across lots by a jungle 
road, then back on the good road again. 
After a little distance, we go off on a jungle 
path and are soon at the river. As we 
reach the water and the place where the 
smooth stones for washing project from the 
edge, we notice the little folks coming from 
the bridge by the road. In a few minutes, 
all have gotten together and the work of 
the morning begins. 

Each big girl has her own place picked out 

for doing her washing. First, each unties 
her bundle — a school dress and every-day 
dress, for her little sister and two suits and 
probably a sardi or two for herself. Some 
of the girls sit on their feet and dip their 
clothes in the water from there, while others 
stand in the shallow water to work. They 
don't wash as Americans do, but they get 
the clothes clean all the same. They rub 
the clothes with soap, dip them in the water, 
then press and squeeze them to get out the 
dirt. Then they slap and beat them on the 
rocks. This process is kept up as long as 
necessary. Then the clothes are rinsed and 
wrung out. As the pieces are washed, the lit- 
tle sisters spread them out on the distant 
rocks to dry. 

As the girls finish their washing, they un- 
dress their little sisters and take them into 
the river to bathe, and what fun ! How they 
rub the soap into the hair and wash and 
wash! And how they take stones and 
scour and scour, until every girl is perfectly 
clean ! Then after they play in the river 
just a little, for the fun of it, they return 
to the bank and redress — all clean and ready 
for home. After this, the big girls, too, bathe, 
and are sure to spend lots of time in the 
water. How they love it ! How they swim 


The Missionary Visitor 


and kick and splash, and scour each other's 
backs ! At last, they quit, for the sun is 
beating hot by now and they proceed to 
change clothes and wash those they are 
working in. By this time the clothes first 
washed are perfectly dry and again the girls 
make up their bundles and are ready for 
home. Again the cart starts and we walkers 
start. By this time it is real hot, but 
fortunately there are plenty of shady trees 
along the way. Also, since the ground is so 
hot, the girls walk briskly to save their 
feet, and before we realize it, we are all 
back at the bungalow and school, with the 
morning's work finished. After a round of 
water to drink and a few minutes of rest, 
all are ready to enjoy the noon meal of 
breads and vegetable ! 


Wankal, Bulsar, India, Dec. 28, 19:3. 
Dear Friends at Home: 

Maybe you would like to hear about Christmas 
day in the jungle. A week ago last evening we 
(wife, the boys, and self) came out here to help the 
masters get ready for the Christmas day program. 
This is our outstation, thirteen miles east from Bul- 
sar, where we have a boarding school with fifty 
small b.oys. Then there are about thirty children 
who come to the school from their homes round 
about. There is also a night school for boys who 
cannot come by day. This boarding has been running 
for seven years or more. It began small and with 
great odds against it of prejudice and caste op- 
position. At first it was next to impossible for our 
Christian teachers here to get water. The mission 
dug a well and now folks come and drink. 

To show you the vast change that is coming 
over the people in their attitude toward the mis- 
sion and toward our religion, let me tell you of 
the last Christmas day's happenings. The children 
from several mission village schools were invited, 
and the parents and friends round about were given 
a general invitation a day or two ahead. The 
night before— that is, Christmas eve— the boarding 
boys and teachers worked till midnight decorating 
the schoolrooms and the yard. We could hear them 
from our tent some distance away. At midnight, as 
the Christmas day passed in, the school bell was 
rung long and loud. Up to that time I had lain 
awake, thinking and praying about the work in this 
district. Then the bell began to ring. A more wel- 
come sound had not greeted my ears in a long time. 
After a half-night's work the boys, lately from 
heathen homes, filled the air with joyous vibra- 
tions, which set going in my mind thoughts of the 
significance of Christmas: a new joy — in the fact 
of the Savior of the world; a new peace— with God 
and man; a new hope — for the realization of the 
kingdom of heaven on earth; a new revelation of 
God — as our Father; a new sense of relation to men 
— brotherhood. 

Christmas morning dawned cool and bright. The 
first to arrive were two men. parents of boys here 
in boarding. They had walked twenty- three miles 
across country to be here with their boys on 
Christmas. Others arrived from here and there — 
the boys and their teachers from other villages three 
to six or more miles away. All were fed who came 
by noon. 

At 3 P. M., when we went to the schoolhouse 
from our tent, you may imagine our surprise to 
find our way into the audience room quite obstructed 
by women and children, who literally filled the 
veranda, while the inside was crowded with school 
pupils, teachers and friends. Utmost efforts were 

made to get all inside, but it was impossible. 
Parents, friends, men from off the road, swarmed 
in. Twenty Parsi gentlemen from Bombay, who 
are spending the week hunting, came in and one 

The program was simple, but well-prepared. Songs, 
dialogues and speeches were followed by a series 
of outdoor sports, in which the children, boys and 
girls, took active part, while the parents and friends 
looked on with interest. Prizes were given to the 
winners, eats were distributed to all and picture 
postcards and scrapbooks (sent to us by friends at 
home) were given out to the schoolchildren and 
bearding boys. And we parted, amid hearty salams 
and with the best of feeling on the part of all. 

Six hundred non-Christian people gathered to cele- 
brate the birthday of Jesus Christ! And not a word 
of disrespect was spoken by anyone. The boarding 
boys went home with their parents to spend a few 
da vs. They are a happy lot. See them grow! 

E. H. Eby. 


Teach me that sixty minutes make an 
hour, sixteen ounces one pound and one 
hundred cents one dollar. 

Help me to live so that I can lie down 
at night with a clear conscience, without a 
gun under my pillow and unhaunted by the 
faces of those to whom I have brought 

Grant, I beseech thee, that I may earn 
my meal ticket on the square, and in doing 
thereof that I may not stick the gaff where 
it does not belong. 

Deafen me to the jingle of tainted money 
and the rustle of unholy skirts. 

Blind me to the faults of the other fel- 
low, but reveal to me my own. 

Guide me so that each night when I look 
across the dinner table at my wife, who 
has been a blessing to me, I will have 
nothing to conceal. 

Keep me young enough to laugh at my 
children and to lose myself in their play. 

And then, when come the smell of flow- 
ers and the tread of soft steps, and the 
crunching of the hearse's wheels in the 
gravel, out in front of my place, make the 
ceremony short and the epitaph simple: 
" Here Lies a Man." — Homer McKee, in 
Publicity Magazine. 

-J* <£ 

Mary Shull 
At a joint meeting of the Evangelistic and Social 
Welfare Committees it was decided that, for the 
purpose of visualized education along the lines of 
temperance, hygiene and evangelism, the magic lan- 
terns and radiopticons be placed in the hands of. 
our Indian leaders. They are able to be in the 
District for nine months of the year, while the 
missionary is able to be out only three months. 
Funds will be collected from the local Districts to 
carry out this program. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Brother and Sister Adam Ebey and family are 
spending a few weeks at Anklesvar. On account 
of Bro. Ebey's health, the doctor advised him to 
take a short vacation at once. They are greatly 
missed at Ahwa, not only by the missionaries, but 
by the Indian folks. <£ 

Dec. 12 a special durbar was held at Ahwa for 
the giving of an increase of salary to the native 
kings. The Ahwa school was represented on the 
program by songs and games. 

Mr. Inder, the assistant political agent, has done 
much for the Dangs and has promised financial help 
for the industrial department of our school. 

Recently the government of Baroda passed a law 
prohibiting all meetings, formal and informal, of 
the Kaliparaj people in the Kaliparaj area, for a 
period of six months, beginning Nov. 22. Most of 
our Vyara territory is located in this area, hence 
this law interferes somewhat with the methods of 
work which were formerly followed during the tour- 
ing season. We hope, however, that since meetings 
cannot be held, much house-to-house visitation may 
be done. This law was passed because of some agi- 
tators who had been trying to promote certain ob- 
jectional movements by getting together the Kali- 
paraj people and intimidating them, playing upon 
their ignorance and misleading them. 


A ten days' institute was held for the workers and 
closed with a love feast, which was held Nov. 24. 
Previous to the love feast twenty-two were added 
to the church by baptism. 

We were glad to welcome to the station recently 
Sister Anetta Mow, who returned from furlough, and 
Brother and Sister Baxter Mow, who came with her. 
Sister Mow is to take charge of the educational work 
in the Girls' Boarding (when Sister Grisso goes on 
furlough) and Bro. Mows are busy " digging away " 
on Gujarati. We wish them much success in their 
work. ^? 

Brother and Sister Moomaw are making splendid 
progress in their study of Gujarati. They have been 
teaching Sunday-school classes for several months. 


We are happy again to have in our midst Mrs. 
Blickenstaff and her boys, who have been away 
to the hills for nine months. Her health is much 
improved, for which we are all rejoicing. She says, 
too, " I am glad to be bark." 

Woodstock school closed at Landour, and our chil- 
dren have returned to their homes. We are very 
proud of them this year, and you will be, too, when 
you read this report. In seventh standard, or what 
is first year high school, Lucille Forney made first 
and Lois Ebey second prize in their class for their 
good marks. In fifth standard Albert Long received 
first prize and Madalene Long was first in fourth 
standard. She also received the prize in the Scrip- 
ture contest. In third standard Leonard Blicken- 
staff received the Scripture contest prize and was 

third in the class. In second standard David Blicken- 
staff received the Scripture contest prize and was 
second in the class. We congratulate them, for it 
meant much hard work on their part. 

Miss Wolf is now living at Bulsar with Miss Kint- 
ner. She is preparing for the language examination 
before taking up her work in the hospital. 

Bro. L. A. Blickenstaff has received word that he 
passed the first-year examination successfully. 

The eighth standard boys are going each evening 
to the near-by villages for evangelistic work. It is 
a good training for the boys and besides helping 
with the singing and beating the drums, sometimes 
they give personal testimony. 

Our community was again visited by the death 
angel, and this time he took a little girl about two 
and one-half years old. She was the daughter of 
Hirgitsing, the master at Wankel, near Bulsar. 
About five o'clock she was saved from falling into 
a large well, and from there she went to where they 
were dishing out the food to the school boys, when 
in an unknown way she fell into a large kettle of 
hot vegetables. The parents brought her immediately 
to the doctors, and she was at once cared for, but 
at noon the next day she took flight to be with 
Jesus. At such an age she was able to sing the 
poetry in the first readers, and knew all the little 
kindergarten songs. She was a bright sunbeam in 
her home. A little sister, a month old, v/ith the 
parents, is left. Will you not remember this grief- 
stricken home? The suddenness of the bereavement 
has made it doubly hard. 

The missionaries of this place recently had the 
special privilege of attending a large Parsee double 
wedding. We were the guests of the one groom. 
His father, Mr. Dinshaw, is the lumberman of 
whom we get a good bit of our wood for the car- 
penter shop. In every respect we were the honored 
guests, but we hope the friendship that has been 
formed between us will result in bringing them 
nearer to our Christ. An account in full will appear 
later, and will interest you all. 

V ^ 

A kindergarten has been started at Bulsar under 
the supervision of Miss Shumaker. She has gath- 
ered some scrap material together, and between the 
kindergarten, the primary class and her class at 
Wankel she has divided the material, and each teach- 
er with her class is having a contest to see who will 
have the nicest decorated room out of this material 
for Christmas. Judges will be appointed to decide 
who wins. Each class is very busy. 

A little boy in Miss Ida's Wankel school has a 
badly infected leg. When she asked to take him to 
the mission doctor their religious teacher told the 
mother not to allow him to go or his leg would be 
cut off, but by much explanation the older brother 
was told to carry him in to the doctor, and now he 
comes regularly for dressings and we hope in a 
short time the leg will be healed.— Andrew Hoffert. 



The Missionary Visitor 



The cool weather has come. This always is most 
welcome to the foreigner in India. The only thing 
at all uncomfortable about it is to see the poor all 
around us who have not enough clothing to protect 
them from the cold. In this climate the blood gets 
very thin, so that bodies are more susceptible to the 
cold. Usually there is more sickness in the cooler 
month than any other time of year. The cold sea- 
son is also the time when plague and smallpox 
rage. This year there seems to be less of such dis- 
eases than usual, for which we are most thankful. 
Our rooms for the sick are entirely empty just now, 
which is most gratifying. 

The vacation days have come for our college girls, 
and next in line is the vacation for the primary 
schools, about ten days at Christmas. Our schools 
are quite empty at that time, so that we find dif- 
ficulty in conducting programs for the Christmas- 
tide. We hope to make it an impressive event, with 
the privilege of giving for some worthy cause. The 
teaching— it is more blessed to give than to receive— 
is being instilled into our people, and we trust the 
time may not be far off when the Indian church 
will be helping foreign causes as well as those of 
India only. 

The samaj, which has been systematically working 
against our cause in and around Anklesvar, has 
somewhat died out. Social workers among non- 
Christian people have some worthy slogans, yet 
without the Christ much effort seems vain. For 
instance, they have a motto, " Knowledge is service, 
we serve our fellow-men with our knowledge; the 
more knowledge the more and better service." What 
is this without the ideal, the holy ONE? Those 
for whom the service is rendered can soon see there 
is no foundation or love back of the deed. The 
main object with many is only to keep the people 
from becoming Christians, let them do what else 
they may. Without the real and true object serv- 
ice is, after all, not true service. 

In spite of it the people are turning to Christ and 
entering the Christian church. This has greatly 
alarmed the high castes, especially. They say 
" Here we have all these years sat with our eyes 
shut; now see what has come of our people; they 
are entering the ranks of Christianity, and now when 
we wake up it is too late to stop the tide." Many 
of the high castes have actually put away then- 
prejudices and are doing all they can to have the 
lower castes educated and brought forward. 

We hope to have a new department open for some 
of our girls who are unable to go to college, yet 
who need so many things to help them before they 
go into homes of their own. This new depart- 
ment will be opened about the middle of March, 
1924. We hope it will also serve to help save in 
this time of financial stringency. We can manag* 
such a program when we have it right in our school 
but when girls must go to other institutions we arf 
compelled to pay the tuition and other expense that 
is demanded. 

Our singing hands are at work nights, and shed 
an influence in the right direction. The near-by 
vadas in Anklesvar are reaping some results of this 
work, for there have been several baptisms and 
we hope to have more by Christmas time. 

Bro. Miller has been out in the village with the 
tent since the beginning of December. A singer and 
an evangelist accompany him. They report fine 
meetings and much interest. In one of the villages, 
especially, many of the Koli class (better class of 
people) are deeply interested.— Sadie Miller. 


Mary Speicher Shull 

Our holiday season was observed in some suitable 
way at all of our stations, by the giving of programs, 
plays, pageants or pantomimes. At Anklesvar an 
offering was taken, amounting to over fifty rupees 
($16.50), to be given to the Japanese relief fund. At 
Vyara a White Gift Christmas was observed. The 
gifts consisted of money, pledges and rededication 
of lives; also books, dolls, mottoes and kites that the 
boarding-school children made for the village school- 
children. The entire offering amounted to over one 
hundred rupees. This they have decided to be the 
nucelus of a fund for a new church, which is needed 
very badly, as all large meetings must be held out of 
doors. 38 

At Bulsar they had a series of programs. The 
first was the awarding of prizes to those of the 
first, second and third standards, who had passed 
the examination on the Book of Matthew. In the 
Bulsar school a pageant was put on, portraying the 
life of David. At a later date this was given at the 
Wankee. Christmas day a program was given in 
the church, and Christmas evening the missionaries' 
children gave a program in the bungalow. A Christ- 
mas tree, a fireplace, and other things in the bunga- 
low added to the Christmas spirit. 

Vacation Bible School gilts were distributed to the 
children of the primary and kindergarten classes and 
the Wankee school. Some so-called " waste ma- 
terial " was given to each of these schools, to see 
who could make the most out of nothing. They took 
a keen interest in the contest and produced results 
which were praiseworthy. 

At Ahwa the story of tiie birth of Christ was told 
by pantomime, song, and Scripture reading. The 
Butterbaughs and Miss Wolf spent Christmas here. 
On the way out Bro. Butterbaugh shot a wild pea- 
fowl, which added much to the Christmas dinner. 

During holiday week several groups went to the 
sea for an outing. Miss Kintner took the mission- 
aries' children from Bulsar, and also the widows in 
the Home. Sisters Mow, Grisso, and Replogle took 
twenty-five of the older girls from Vyara, and con- 
ducted what might be called a " Young People's 
Conference." & 

At Anklesvar the last night of the old year is 
always set aside for a semiannual communion serv- 
ice, followed by a singing meeting. This year the 

The Missionary Visitor 


various villages brought in their singing bands and 
a contest was held. Three prizes of five, three and 
two rupees were given, respectively, to the bands 
ranking first, second and third. 

At Ahwa a New Year's watch service was held. In 
the early part of the evening tea was served to all, 
and following this the boarding children furnished 
some entertainment. This was followed by a song 
service and a season of meditation and prayer as 
the new year came in. At the close of the service 
two of our Brethren, who had quarreled, forgave 
each other and started the new year as friends. We 
praise God for the work of the Spirit in such in- 
stances. ^8 

The work for the new year has now begun, and 
at some of the stations it finds the teachers es- 
pecially busy preparing for inspection in February. 
This year Gujarati is sending only eight girls to 
college. Last year there were fifteen. The main 
reason for the difference is low funds. However, 
the government is now supplied with teachers, and 
in order to cut down the numbers, more difficult 
examinations were held. In the examination this 
year, out of eight seniors four failed, and out of 
thirteen second-year girls, five failed. However, it 
would seem that with the tremendous illiteracy pre- 
vailing in India, more women should be in the teach- 
ing profession. ,j£ 

The Anklesvar school added five new teachers to 
the staff at the beginning of the year. A cable has 
been received, giving permission to complete the new 
school building. It is hoped it may be ready 
when the new training school starts, June 1. 

Those of our number who are doing District work 
are out again. Brother and Sister Miller were in 
six villages before Christmas and hope to reach 
fourteen more before the hot season. 

Brother and Sister Ebey, with their family, are re- 
turning to Ahwa, after their six weeks of rest. We 
trust this rest will have proved very beneficial to 
Bro. Ebey. Because of lack of funds- we have not 
been able to give work to many of our Christians, 
and they have in some instances left the village to 
seek it elsewhere. We trust they will be kept for 
the Master while away amid heathen surroundings 
and temptations. <£ 

Bro. Lichtys moved to Vali, to have charge of 
the Boys' Boarding— also the station work. 

Bro. Summers moved to Umalla for the district 
work. J* 

Dec. 28 a love feast was held at Vali. Bro. Adam 
Ebeys and Bro. J. M. Blough were present. Bro. 
Blough officiated. 

Jan. 10. ^8 $L 


Liao Notes 

The Christmas season, with its attendant joys 
and gladness, is just past. Our Chinese Christians, 
and especially the children of the schools, take great 
interest in their Christmas programs. You should 

see the children's eyes sparkle and hear their joy- 
ous laughter when they receive simple presents. 
This is the first year the schools have been able to 
give their Christmas programs together, and this 
was made possible by our new church. It is need- 
less to say it was enjoyed by all, for the house was 
packed. .^? 

The kindergarten and primary school is still grow- 
ing. The present enrollment is seventy-two, and 
from sixty-four to sixty-eight pupils come daily, 
which is pretty good, we think, for a day school. 

Sister Senger reports that the month of December 
was spent in a class at Ho Shun. Two people learned 
the phonetic script. Two lectures were delivered 
at the temple where twenty young women were 
gathered, by the official's request, to learn to spin 
and weave. They were attentive listeners. One 
lecture was given to the class by the Chinese doctor 
from Liao Chou, and was much appreciated by 
the women. <£ 

Four villages also were visited. We feel that some 
real good has been accomplished. A new course of 
lectures was used in the classes, regarding the 
place and work of women in the home, and these, 
too, were very much appreciated. We believe the 
attendants carried away with them some little idea 
of the truth in Jesus Christ, for which we are glad, 
for all other teaching finds its climax in the one 
great message of Christ. 

Bro. R. C. Flory reports that during November 
and December he and his Chinese assistant, Pastor 
Li, spent several weeks at the outstations conduct- 
ing classes for inquirers. Between seventy and 
eighty were instructed in these classes. A good num- 
ber of these will be ready for baptism in the 
spring. ^ 

At one place a man, seventy-two years old, came 
in and spent parts of two days, making inquiries 
about the " Jesus religion." He said that for some 
years he had felt dissatisfied with the religion he 
had, and for several years had been reading litera- 
ture of different religions. He said he had studied 
all the Chinese religions, and also had read litera- 
ture secured from a Catholic mission located near 
him. At last, he said, he secured some of our litera- 
ture from one of our native preachers and read it. 
He said that at once he felt convinced he had 
found the true religion, and hearing that we were 
having special meetings at Ma Tien he came to 
make inquiry and to learn more about this " Jesus 
religion." Such results from seed sowing in out- 
of-the-way places give us much joy. 


Bro. Flory also asks us to say that the evangelistic 
departmment could use to advantage a number of 
the large colored Sunday-school charts. Send us 
your old Sunday-school charts and let them preach 
the Gospel of Salvation to these peoople. Mail by 
parcel post to R. C. Flory, Liao Chou, Shansi, 
China. ^B. 

At the present writing Sister R. C. Flory is in 
the hospital, having undergone a small operation 
from which she is making a splendid recovery. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Recently a woman was operated on for a large 
cancer of the breast. She is getting along nicely, 
and through teaching and example she is learning 
of our blessed Savior. Our noble nurse, Mrs. Jung, 
always leaves a lasting impression with her pa- 
tients, v** •£ 

Ping Ting Chou 

Miss Horning writes: " Each week three of the 
Bible School women and I visit the Women's 
prison. Some thirty women and their children are 
crowded into three small rooms where they eat, 
sleep, sew and study. Most of them are there for 
gambling or using opium in some form. We teach 
them to sing, read and pray. The sad ones are 
comforted and all are taught the road to righteous- 
ness. Food and a card for each cheered their lone- 
liness at the Christmas time. 

" Six groups of women, each with a large Christ- 
mas picture, spread to various parts of the city and 
suburbs to tell the Christmas story and give cards 
to women and children. 


" Many thanks for the baby outfits that are being 
sent by the many friends in the home church for 
the baby welfare work." 


Frantz Crumpacker is home from school for the 
Christmas vacation. He and his father just before 
Christmas went on a hunt and returned with a fine 
big wild hog, which the whole station family helped 
to enjoy on Christmas day at the Crumpacker home. 

The Girls', Boys', Men's and Women's Bible Schools 
each gave an interesting program in the church 
during the Christmas season. 

Messrs. Vaniman, Bright and B. M. Flory re- 
cently went to Tientsin to transfer property which 
the mission bought from the United Mission Treas- 
urers, and while there arranged with Tze Hop Hsing 
& Co. to do our coast agency work instead of the 
Grimes MacKay Co., which has been handling this 
business for our mission the past few years. 

O. C. Sollenberger writes: "There are a great 
many things going on in China that make one feel 
a bit discouraged at times. On the other hand, 
many things give us encouragement. 

" Recently I made an evangelistic tour to several 
villages in Yu Hsien, a county adjoining Ping Ting 
County. This county has been slow in taking up 
with education, but on this tour I discovered that 
practically every village, both large and small, has 
schools for boys and girls. Many of the villages 
visited had also erected new school-buildings. O; 
course these buildings, as well as their equipment, 
are not very elaborate, neither are the teachers very 
well qualified for their work but it is a step in 
the right direction. 


" Ignorance is the cause of many thousands of 
superstitious beliefs which have bound China down 
for years. Where education has been developed, 
these superstitious beliefs are gradually given up. 
But merely education is not enough. Unless it is 

a Christian education it is a dangerous thing. This 
has been proved over and over in the history of na- 
tions, as well as in the lives of individuals. 

" Governor Yen, of this province, has been en- 
couraging education of the common people for 
years. He, of course, got his first ideas of education 
and its benefits from the mission schools. Some feel 
that since missions have stimulated this desire for 
education, they have done their duty in this line; 
that the government can manage the education her- 
self. This may be true from a material, but not from 
a spiritual point of view. The mission schools have 
a very important place to fill and will have for 
years to come— that of turning out young men and 
women with Christian training to occupy positions, 
not only as teachers in the schools, but likewise as 
leaders for the church, government and the various 
occupations of life." 

Shou Yang 

At Shou Yang, as well as at other places, the 
Christmas season has come and gone. The usual 
spirit of joy and happiness was manifest. The men's 
evangelistic department sent letters of greeting, en- 
couragement and inspiration to all our church mem- 
bers who could not be regular attendants at our 
services. Fifteen letters in all were sent. We felt 
this would be a good time to let them know that the 
church was thinking of them and expecting them 
to be faithful witnesses of their Savior wherever 
they were. The church also decided to remember in 
a special way those of our members who were sick 
at this time. There were three such. Over twenty 
thousand cash was subscribed for this purpose. With 
this money appropriate gifts were bought for each 
one. Jj 

Owing to the illness of Miss Valley Miller, which 
necessitates her return to America, Miss Lulu Ul- 
lom has been sent to Shou Yang to take charge of 
the Girls' School and give as much time to women's 
work as possible, during the absence of Miss Mary 
Schaeffer, who will accompany Miss Miller to 
America. j8 

Christmas programs were rendered to large audi- 
ences at both the boys' and girls' schools. At the 
Boys' School some $30 was subscribed for the ben- 
efit of their Y. M. C. A. 

Tai Yuan 

On Sunday, Dec. 23, our special Christmas serv- 
ice was held. Three groups of boys and girls from 
the Y. M. C. A. High School, and from the English 
Baptist Mission Schools, each sang one or more 
Christmas songs. After a short sermon was preached 
an offering was taken for the really poor. Our little 
chapel was more than full, and quite a number lis- 
tened from outside, while many were turned away. 

In our mission quar^rs a Poor Boys' Night 
School was started a few weeks ago, with about 
fifty enrolled. The class being too large, the smaller 
boys were organized into a small Sunday-school. 
The night school class meets every night. Sunday 
night is especially given to Bible teaching and sing- 
(Continued on Page 96) 


The Missionary Visitor 



J3mnt fitetfta 

M. R. Zigler Home Mission Secretary 



Time and space forbid a lengthy report of 
the school for rural church leaders held at 
Bethany Bible School Jan. 31 to Feb. 8. 
However, by holding the printing of this 
issue several days a brief report and pic- 
ture is included. 

One day before the conference opened 
the interest that characterized the entire 
session was in evidence. Already, three had 
registered for the school. By the end of the 
second day a large number had registered 
and the unique result was that nearly every- 
one that could possibly do it, remained for 
the closing hour. The total enrollment was 

One hour each day was directed by A. C. 
Wieand in Bible Study. This hour was 
followed by a study of the pastor and his 
parish conducted by J. W. Lear. Each day 
the pastors worshiped with the students of 
Bethany Bible School in their regular 
chapel service. The next period each day 
was dedicated to a study of the organization 
of the church forces and church efficiency. 
This period was made exceedingly helpful 
under the direction of H. L. Hartsough and 
J. W. Lear. -Many practical suggestions for 
religious education emerged under the lead- 
ership of Ezra Flory, H. Spenser Minnich 
and J. S. Noffsinger. J. Hugh Heckman led 
two periods in the study of Rural Sociology. 
Mrs. Cora Stahly presented many valuable 
suggestions for the music program of a 
local church. One hour each day was set 
aside for an open forum, in which every 
one had a chance to present any problem 
for discussion. C. D. Bonsack led the group 
in the study of our missionary task. The 
ministerial field was presented by S. S. 
Blough. On Sunday morning, J. Clyde 
Forney preached a masterful and inspiring 
sermon. Bethany Bible School rendered a 
very excellent musical program Saturday 

evening. Dr. J. W. Hewitt of Northwestern 
University on the subject of the Country 
Church; Dr. D. W. Kurtz in the presenta- 
tion of peace; Dr. Paul Harrison, mission 
ary to Arabia ; led the group to high water 
marks. The closing period indicated the 
joy of fellowship and the mental pain al- 
ways present in the separation of friends. 

The following list of names indicates the 
extent of interest that was taken in the 
school : 

Galen Bowman, Middlebury, Ind; Mrs. 
Galen Bowman, Middlebury, Ind.; S. G. 
'Bucher, Astoria, 111.; W. W. Bane, Burling- 
ton, W. Va. ; Wm. Brenneman, Chicago, 111. ; 
W. E. Burns, Chicago, 111.; O. D. Buck, 
Franklin Grove, 111.; Warren Bowman, To- 
peka, Ind.; D. G. Berkebile, Bradford, Ohio; 
T. A. Brumbaugh, Garrettsville, Ohio ; Chas. 
C. Cripe, Bremen, Ind.; Homer F. Caskey, 
Lenox, la. ; J. H. Eidemiller, New Carlisle, 
Ohio ; Theo. R. Eley, Union City, Ind. ; Mrs. 
Allie Eisenbise, Beatrice, Nebr. ; D. D. 
Funderburg, Chicago, 111.; Parker M. Fil- 
brun, Dayton, Ohio; Harry M. Fields, Gar- 
rison, Iowa ; J. C. Flora, Tippecanoe City, 
Ohio; D. M. Garver, Trotwood, Ohio; D. 
W. Glick, Trevilians, Va. ; Walter Heisey, 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China ; E. R. Harris, 
Mountain Grove, Mo.; H. L. Hartsough, 
Huntington, Ind.; S. J.'Holl, North Canton, 
Ohio; W. T. Heckman, Cerro Gordo, 111.; 
H. H. Herman, South Bend, Ind.; W. H. 
Hoefle, Polo, 111. ; Walter E. Hawke, Middle- 
town, Ohio; L. N. Kreider, Warsaw, Ind.; 
J. O. Kesler, Teegarden, Ind.; L. S. Knepper, 
Windber, Pa. ; B. D. Kerlin, Lewiston, Minn. ; 
Mrs. H. B. Martin, Virden, 111.; A. H. Miller, 
Akron, Ohio; H. B. Martin, Virden, 111.; J. 
E. Murphy, Rummel, Pa. ; Mrs. Carrie Mur- 
phy, Rummel, Pa. ; F. E. McCune, Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111.; A. J. Nickey, Monticello, Minn.; 
Jesse Noffsinger, Dayton, Ohio ; D. A. Peters, 
Chicago, 111.; John Roller, Rockford, 111.; 
C. F. Rupel, Plain, Wash. ; J. Emmert Stover 

(Continued on Page 80) 


The Missionary Visitor 















The Missionary Visitor 




©Ijr QJorkera' (Jams r 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



The India Mission, feeling deeply the em- 
barrassment of the home church in finan- 
cial matters, have sent a committee, Breth- 
ren Blough and Lichty, to review the work 
at each mission station, to see what ex- 
penses can be reduced without serious loss 
to the work. 

Sister Lynn Blickenstaff, who has been ill 
in India, is praising the Lord for answered 
prayer and her apparent recovery from 
what was supposed to be tubercular in- 
fection. She has made a gain in weight 
from 128 to 150 pounds. A later letter says 
she is not quite free from a temperature, 
but it is believed she is well on the road 
to complete recovery. 

" In India during December we organized 
a sort of banking institution here at Bulsar, 
to assist worthy Indian Christians. It is real- 
ly a Cooperative Credit Society, chartered 
by the government and therefore under 
government supervision. Every borrower 
must subscribe to at least one share of the 
capital. The authorized capital is Rupees 
10,000 (about $3,333), but of course only a 
small part of that is actually paid up. We- 
have an arrangement whereby we can bor- 
row funds from the government and reloan 
to worthy Christians. This is no new 
scheme outside of our mission, for other 
missions and the Y. M. C. A. have done 
some wonderful work along this line. But 
we are happy to get this first one started 
in our mission, and we hope that some- 
time before many years we can have one 
in each of our mission stations, and per- 
haps we can reach out into the villages. 
No matter to what proportions it is de- 
veloped, we will not require foreign capital, 
and the mission will have no funds invested. 
Missionaries may assist as individuals, but 
it is to be entirely apart from the mission 

" A feature that is especially provided for 
in this society is that of accepting deposits 

in savings accounts. You may be surprised 
to know that we are offering 6 per cent 
for savings accounts. We can do this, for 
the expense of operation is almost nothing 
— no salaries to pay and only a very slight 
expense. The government even furnished 
the books for keeping the records. This 
may not be so interesting to you as to me, 
for I see in it a possibility of helping a man 
on his feet, and God knows these Christians 
Uieed it. I would not emphasize it above the 
•need of Jesus Christ for men's souls, but 
if you could get one look at the extreme 
poverty of these people, our own Christian 
people would see what I mean. May the 
Almighty God give us his blessing and guid- 
ance in this undertaking." — L. A. Blicken- 
staff. # & 

Thanksgiving eve is a time long to be re- 
membered by the children of the church in. 
Sunnyside, Wash. The dreams of many 
months were realized when the little paste- 
board missionary boxes were placed on the 
table and the money which they contained 
was counted. 

During the summer and autumn months 
the money which each child had been given 
to invest was growing. Some had bought 
calves or sheep, which they were feeding. 
Others were raising chickens. Some were 
pulling weeds from their potato patches, 
while others were raising beans, canta- 
loupes, and other garden vegetables. Still 
others were running errands, doing chores 
and all sorts of little odd jobs which would 
bring to them a few more pennies for their 
missionary boxes. 

There were thirty-five of these little 
workers from the primary department of 
our Sunday-school, who had been given the 
little missionary boxes and a small sum as 
capital with which to begin operations. 
The Sunday School Board had voted $13.20 
to be given out, and this was divided into 
amounts of 50c, 35c, 25c and 10c, according 
to the ages and classes in the Sunday- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sunnyside, Wash., Primary and Junior Departments. They earned during 1923 
$111.00 for missions 

school. The amounts handed in ranged from 
50c to $13.60, with a grand total of $111. 
This money was sent to the General Mis- 
sion Board, to be used in sending the glad 
tidings of Jesus' love to the little children 
in far-away China. The Mission Board, in 
a letter of appreciation to the children, 
stated that the money would be used in 
purchasing furniture for the new Boys' 
School at Shou Yang, Shansi, China. This 
makes a very close personal touch between 
these young hearts and the foreign mission 

As stated at the beginning, this experi- 
ence is one long to be remembered by the 
children. It should be added that all the 
parents gained much spiritual good from 
seeing the children work so eagerly for 
months for something, the only reward for 
which was the joy which they saw in service 
for others. The light in their eyes, as the 
boxes were opened and the money counted, 
also drove home to the congregation the 
need for more real sacrifice in the Master's 
work. A missionary offering was taken, 
equaling that of the children ; it was used 
to clear up the quota to the District Mis- 
sion Board. This seems worthy of com- 
mendation in the light of a membership 
of fifty, and showed that a truth had really 
been taught. Surely the saying proves true 
that " a little child shall lead them." Not 
long ago eight of these same children were 

baptized, and we can not but believe that 
the Spirit had done its work in the soul 
while the hands were busy at the tasks.— 
Mrs. C. I. Myer, Superintendent Primary 

A generous well-balanced budget for 
others is a credit to any church. The books 
of the treasurer of the West Nimishillen 
church of Ohio show benevolences for 1923 
as follows: 

General Mission Board $367.55 

District Mission Board 233.09 

Brooklyn Italian Church 50.00 

Near East Relief 50.00 

Dress Reform 18.00 


The membership of the West Nimishillen 
church is approximately 115. This record 
is not given because it stands alone, for 
many churches did still better than this, 
but it is also true that a greater number 
did less. 

Two churches in Southern Ohio, of about 
equal membership and wealth, contributed 
during the first ten months of the year- 
one $900 and the other $300. The whole 
secret is that the one had better leader- 
ship and sympathetic teaching regarding 
world needs and the opportunity of the 
church to meet these needs. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Valley Miller and Mary Schaeffer returned 
from China. Sister Valley Miller has had a 
very serious nervous breakdown, and it be- 
came necessary for her to return to Ameri- 
ca for recuperation. She could not come 
alone, and so Sister Mary Schaeffer, whose 
regular time for her furlough would have 
been next spring, came with her. Sister 
Miller is now at Port Republic, Va., where 
she may be addressed, and Mary Schaeffer 
will be at 505 Hand Ave., Lancaster, Pa. 

The Board's Financial Status on Feb. 1. 
The deficit of the General Mission Board on 
the morning of Feb. 1 stood at $16,236.78. 
On Jan. 1 this deficit stood at $20,359.83, and 
on Dec. 1, 1923, the deficit stood at $38,542. 
This shows that the deficit has been gradu- 
ally decreased for the last three months. 
Tremendous pressure through the Emergen- 
cy Appeal has been brought to all churches 
and Sunday-schools, and the response from 
many quarters has been very good. In ad- 
dition to this, the mission fields have re- 
duced their programs to a minimum, almost 
below the minimum, and with reduced ex- 
penses, and receipts somewhat increased 
over last year, the deficit seems to be 
gradually disappearing. However, the month 
of February has no appeal, as did the 
Thanksgiving period and the Christmas per- 
iod, although all churches were urged to 
help the General Mission Board close its 
fiscal year, ending Feb. 29, with all quotas 
paid in full. 

Brother Ira Moomaw reports a splendid 
Christmas at Vyara, India. He says that 
each of the boys in the school had a chance 
to make a gift or two for some one else. 
Mottoes, kites, bread boards, and perhaps 
enough rolling pins to keep the divorce 
courts of India busy all year were made 
by the boys. The boys all did outside jobs, 
cleaning up fields, etc., and earned $5.50, 
every bit of which was put into the Christ- 
mas offering for others. Bro. Moomaw 
says that when these boys give their last 
nickel or their only toy, they have a feeling 
and experience which you and I can exactly 

Brother and Sister E. H. Eby moved to 
Wankal, which is a center for evangelistic 
work in a district thirteen miles out from 
Bulsar. Bro. Eby feels that a distinct evan- 

gelistic work can be done away from the 
mission property, and moving there will re- 
duce expenses and help the Home Board in 
its struggle to wipe out the deficit of the 
General Mission Board. 

The Indian's Social Workers' Conference 

Several of our missionaries attended the 
Social Workers' Conference for all India, 
which was held in Bombay, lasting four 
days, and closing Dec. 2. Nearly a hundred 
delegates attended from outside the city of 
Bombay. Mrs. Annie Besant, a widely- 
known English woman, who has been active 
in the social and political interests of India, 
gave the presidential address. Indians, how- 
ever, took the leading part in the confer- 
ence. Prostitutions, uplift of the defective 
and aborigines, criminal tribes, training of 
social workers, playgrounds for school- 
children, sanitation, and problems of public 
health were among the vital problems con- 
sidered. Experts were asked to prepare pa- 
pers on these various topics. These papers 
were published and a copy given to each del- 
egate. After a discussion on each paper a 
resolution was framed, giving the voice of the 
conference in brief on the subject under 
consideration. The exhibit was very helpful 
and touched a wide list of subjects, which 
were well worth while to see. Thousands 
of Bombay people visited the building in 
which the exhibit was given. Many of the 
social workers are not open Christians, but 
not a few of them have been inspired and 
helped by reading about the life of Christ 
and are engaged in many lines of work such 
as missions are doing. 


(Continued from Page 76) 
and wife, Mount Carroll, 111.; R. E. Stern. 
Kent, 111. ; Merlin C. Shull, Chicago, 111. ; J. 
J. Scrogum, Hart, Mich. ; John Stump, Walk- 
erton, Ind. ; Homer A. Schrock, New Paris, 
Ind. ; S. S. Shoemaker, Hartville, Ohio; 
[. C. Shull, Springfield, 111. ; W. C. Sell, Dixon, 
[11. ; Erwin Weaver, Goshen, Ind. ; Clinton I. 
Weber, Mondovi, Wis. ; M. J. Weaver, Elgin, 
111.; C. Wirt, Lewiston, Minn.; B. C. Whit- 
more, Cerro Gordo, 111.; Russell Weller, 
Battle Creek, Mich.; I. E. Weaver, Lanark, 
111. ; F. R. Zook, Windber, Pa. 

nit any 6TnT?TTe to go in. 
Emma Wagoner (with basket) : " Well, go 
ahead, boys; I'm ready to catch them on the 


Elizabeth Wagoner (signalling to begin) : 
" I'll bet she has found out something about 

The Anvil Chorus 

WITH a bang Wilbert comes down 
with the hammer, and this is the 
very first spark that flies : Eliza- 
beth, asked at breakfast time to wait on 
Vila when she was in a hurry to get to her 
work, said, rather impatiently, "Well, I'm 
tired of being the mother of this family any- 
how." Whack! goes another: After a good 
night's rest, she said, so sprightly, " O my ! 
I slept so good. I slept all day last night." 
He's hitting Elizabeth again : One even- 
ing while searching for the darning ball she 
came across a tennis ball and started to use 
it. Her mother said, " My dear, I'm thinking 
that before you get through you will be 
wishing for the right ball." She answered 
so earnestly, " O well, just use what you 
have and don't go grumbling for the things 
you don't have — so there !" 

Now a whack at Emma : One afternoon 
as she was looking quite untidy, her mother 
said, " Emma, do you ever think about 

washing?" She answered, "Why, no! That's 
an entirely new thought to me." Another, 
caught on Herbert's tongs : One evening on 
the badminton court (tennis) Emma and 
her father were playing on the losing side, 
the score being 20-28. When the other side 
made 29, she said, " O well, daddy, let them 
have it — it's only a practice game anyway." 
(Sour grapes!) One more, then we'll let 
Emma go: At noon after she had finished 
eating she exclaimed, " O, I'm so fill!" 

Pick this one off the ground with your 
tongs, Herbert: Erma Alley, well and hap- 
py, sometimes starts to do something she 
shouldn't, and calls out, " Top ! Top !"(stop) 
But when she wants something, it is "Pease ! 

On the way up to Landour the train sud- 
denly ran into a tunnel, much surprising the 
Alley boys. Said Laurence, "Why did the 
dark come?" Ralph replied, " O, the train 
went into its house." 

Ralph had a sore on the top of his foot. 

he said, " Papa, this sore on the upper shelf 
of my foot is getting well now." 

Here is a bunch of sparks picked up in 
the Dangs Forest. Stand close around, 
Juniors, and maybe each of you can catch 
one. When Lois Ebey was three years old 
some one asked, " Why doesn't your baby 
sister walk?" She replied, " O, her legs are 
not ripe yet." 

One day on hearing a bird papa Ebey 
said, " That sounds like a catbird." The 
next evening when out walking Lois ran up 
to a tree and shouted, " That sounds like a 
rabbit bird !" Once she also wanted to 
know, "Who was Cain's little sister?" 

On seeing a little Indian boy clothed in 
nature's garb only, she said, " Babu was 
naked and he was ashamed like Adam and 
Eve." When asked why she would not talk 
to a strange lad who had come into the 
house she said, " I am like Moses. I can't 
talk to strange people." 

One day she was eating parched corn that 
had been burned a little. Her father said. 
"Why, Lois! That is burned!" She 
answered, "No! That is like Moses' bush, 
papa ; it was burning, but was not burned 

Bang the anvil again, Wilbert ! Leah 
Ruth Ebey says, "Now you are telling more 
about Lois than about me!" Before Leah 
was six she attempted to read a verse at 

was about Stephen, she read quite glibly, 
" Step — hen." When a very little girl she 
asked, " Mama, don't you think my doll can 
go to heaven if it is very good?" 

Hearing the Elders discussing Courses of 
Study for Sunday-schools, she burst out, 
" Well, if ever I am- asked to make out a 
Sunday-school course, do you know what I 
would do? I would begin at the beginning 
of the Bible and go straight through it, for 
our Sunday-school courses miss so many 
interesting things." 

Leah had just been reading " Uncle Tom's 
Cabin," and asked, " Why did the author 
give such a nice name to such an awfully 
bad man as Simon Legree? I think Simon 
is such a- nice name." One day she wondered, 
"What is red tape?" When asked what she 
thought it meant she replied, "Well, it's 
when folks talk and talk, and do nothing." 

Don't strike the anvil very hard this time, 
Wilbert, for it is just a tiny spark. It can 
not even talk, but it makes a funny noise 
way down in its throat. Its name is Lorita 
Shull. One of the master's wives called one 
day and said, " Lorita, you are a little wag 
(tiger). That is the kind of noise the tigers 

You may give this one a good whack. 
Wilbert, for it is a joke on Mrs. Ebey: She 
was looking at a picture of Marjorie and 
Josephine Miller, the latter holding Lorita 


The Missionary Visitor 


tightly and rather stiffly. Mrs. Ebey gazed 
at the baby and said, "They do make these 
big dolls so they look like real babies, don't 

See the sparks fly off the Miller children : 
When Josephine's father came rigged out in 
blue overalls (a novelty in India) to help in 
farm work, she said, " Is that a skirt you 
have on ?" 

When Marjorie came downstairs after a 
good nap and a bath and her hair combed 
slick and fine, mother thought she looked 
sweet enough to kiss, so she did. At once 
Marjorie's eyes sparkled as she said, " Some 
tanny please !" (candy) Kisses are not to be 
given free. 

While at the Hills, where everything was 
cold, Josephine would say, " Your hands are 
cold like lice " (ice). One day she remarked, 
" When little girls are naughty then Jesus 
does not like them." Mother said, " Jesus 
didn't like it this morning when Josephine 
was naughty." Her reply was, " How do 
you know? Did you have a letter from 

Mother was interrupted reading her 
morning mail. Josephine came to ask for 
cookies for herself and daddy. Mother 
gave her two saying she should have half of 
one only because she had been having stom- 
ach ache, and give one and a half to daddy. 
Josie soon returned with the half cookie 
saying, " Put this away. I want it yester- 
day noon. I didn't give it to daddy because 
he may get the tummy ache." 

Marjorie wished to ask the blessing at 

Erma Alley Asking Her Father for Money 

Lois and Leah Ruth Ebey 

the table. Of course all eyes were to be 
closed. After she had finished Josie said, 
" Marjorie prayed with her eyes open. I 
saw her. I had mine shut." Another time 
Josie remarked, " Kantilal has the needles, 
doesn't he? We mustn't get close to him" 
(meaning measles). 

Quick, with your tongs, Herbert! This is 
not a speech, but pure drama : When Marcia 
Hollenberg (two years) eats soup and kanji 
(porridge) with the family she insists ve- 
hemently on using a spoon like the rest, 
and not a cup, as her mother bids her. If 
she gets her way, she is bound to need a 
change of clothes and a bath before the 
meal is over. She wants to be treated like 
big folks, and is a perfect imitator of them. 

Hammer away, Wilbert ! Here is pre- 
cocious David Blickenstaff, who is fond of 
making up rhymes. This is a sample : 

"A Happy Child 
" I'm happy as a bird — I am happy all day 

I like to run about and play, and sing a 
merry song. 

I like to play among the trees, and play 
among the flowers — 

That's why I keep so happy all through 
the sunny hours. 

If I were a bird. O, what should I do ? 

I'd sing all the day, and fly through the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Lorita Shull and Her Mother 

I'd build a little nest in the tree top so 

And keep my eggs warm beneath the blue 

One day Leonard Blickenstaff planted 
some flowers in pots and his mother asked 
him if he had watered them. He said he 
had done so, and then David came out with 
" It's Leonard's duty to water the flowers, 

It's my duty to watch them grow, 

It's mother duty to see their beauty." 

The ardent hobby of both boys is stamp 
collecting. Leonard is much interested in 
the piano, and his greatest ambition is to be 
a doctor and come back to India as a mis- 
sionary. The other evening at family 
prayers he prayed, " Take care of the little 
boys and girls of India. They are just as 
good as we are, and thou lovest them just 
as much." David is fond of the violin. 

Strike the anvil once more, and see the 
Butterbaugh sparks fly! One evening the 
family were out for a walk and witnessed 
a very beautiful sunset. Just as the sun 
slipped out of sight, Beryl said, " Good night, 
old sun. Tell dear grandma we are all well 
and happy and are having a nice walk this 

When Beryl and Vila were planning and 
packing their trunks for their first trip to 
Bulsar to go to school, Beryl told Vila that 
he was sure she would get a " feeling for 

home " after she was gone a couple of days. 

One day it was thundering. lone said to 
Vila, " O sister ! What makes that noise up 
in heaven?" Vila answered, " O, don't you 
know? Why, that's the stars turning somer- 

Vila broke the silence at the breakfast 
table one morning by inquiring if Miss Sa- 
hibs went to heaven when they died. When 
asked why she wanted to know, "Well, I 
thought that since they are not married they 
couldn't go to heaven, but if they can, why 
then I'm going to be a Miss Sahib when I 
get big." 

When Ione's tonsil operation was over 
and she felt good enough to talk, she said, 
" Mother, I'm so glad those old tangles are 
out of my throat now." One morning when 
she awoke she called over to ask if baby 
sister was still in her little bed. Her mother 
said, "Yes. Why?" She answered, "She 
is such a dear, sweet little thing that I 
thought maybe Jesus took her up to heaven 
to stay with him a little while." 

Mother asked little two-year-old Wilma 
why she was picking the pretty posies with- 
out permission. She promptly replied, "For 
my sick baby." 'She is happiest when she 
has her Indian sardi on and is playing with 
her dear baby. 

Josephine and Marjorie Miller 


The Missionary Visitor 


You may straighten up now, Wilbert and 
Herbert. Your backs and arms must be 
tired. And Emma, hang up your basket till 
next month. We haven't room this time 
for all the flash lights from the field. You 
may all sit down now in a circle, and we 
will pass the candy and apples ! 
(The SPARKS will be continued in the April Visitor) 
& & 


Dear Juniors : We can spread ourselves 
this time ! They have been snipping us off 
for several months, and now we'll make up 
for lost time. Bring in all the chairs you 
can find, for we shall need them. Now, 
girls, be on your best behavior, for we 
have some boys among us, and they are 
looking around with both eyes open. And 
don't quarrel as to who shall sit next to 
them. Maybe there will be one apiece next 
time, if you all do some hustling. This 
snappy winter weather seems to have started 
the circulation in your brains. Well, noth- 
ing is so good for keeping one fit as exer- 
cise. Running with your feet, chopping 
wood with your hands, and thinking with 
your heads ! 

And we have a stage this month, the mis- 
sionary children from India being the play- 
ers. Snuggle down comfortably, and watch 
the performance. It's a good show, and 
there is no admission charge. Miss Ida Shu- 
maker, the vivacious and indefatigable (do 
you still have your dictionary?) maiden 
teacher from Bulsar, is the stage manager. 
And if you don't all say "Thank you," I'll 
think you don't enjoy "movies." But I 
always thought that people moving were 
more interesting than when perfectly quiet. 
What would you think of a little five-year- 
old sitting in his rocking-chair all day, and 
never opening his mouth? We'd send for a 
doctor about supper time. 

Blow all you want to, gales of March ! 
Play tunes through cedar, pine, and larch ; 
Your grouch will soon be on the run, 
And then we'll have our springtime fun ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I like to read the 
letters in the Missionary Visitor. I have 
never written before. When I read that 
letter from Marvin Michael I thought I 
would like to write too. I am ten years old 
and in the sixth grade. I was baptized a 
year ago in October. I like to read other 
stories in the Junior Missionary. A book I 

enjoy is called, "Junior Folks at Mission 
Study in India." It is written by Nora E. 
Berkebile. She is a returned missionary 
from India. It tells about Uncle John, a 
missionary from India. He is telling his 
nephews about India, and early missions 
there. I have two brothers and a little 
sister. My sister's name is Ruby June. 

Beattie, Kans. J. Royal Frantz. 

What a sweet baby sister she must be — 
with a name suggestive of precious stones 
and summer roses! And you have a high 
ideal to reach, if you live up to your name, 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am an Intermedi- 
ate girl. I am eleven years old, and in the 
sixth grade. I have one sister and three 
brothers, all married. My oldest brother 
lives in California. His name is Moses F. 
Drake. My school teachers' names are Mr. 
Black, Miss Cook, and Mr. Newgent. I 
have belonged to the Church of the Breth- 
ren for four years this spring. I live just 
one block from the church. I wish some 
one would write me. Dorcas Drake. 

Bremen, Ind. 

Do you expect to go to California some 
time to visit your brother? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : This evening is the 
first time I read in the Visitor. I found 
the boys and girls' letters very interesting. 
I am twelve years old today, and am in the 
sixth grade. My teacher's name is Miss 
Heistand. I spent my vacation on the farm 
with my uncle. He has six girls and no 
boys. They have four horses and six cows. 
The farm consists of eighty acres. I like it 
on the farm better than in town. I am a 
member of the Brethren church. I was bap- 
tized Nov. 9, 1922. I have three sisters and 
no brothers. My one sister is in the third 
grade and the other in the eighth grade. 
Will some one please write to me? 

Paul H. Eshenbaugh. 

132 Washington St., Elizabethtown, Pa. 

You'll have to hurry and be a man if 
you have to look after so many " women 
folks " — three sisters and six girl cousins, 
and no other boy in the lot ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Open the happy cir- 
cle and make room for me, if you please. 
The last Missionary Visitor has most of the 
letters from Virginia. I don't live very far 
from Ruth Graybill and Elizabeth Sanger. 
I go to the Seminary sometimes to Sunday- 
school. I have three brothers and no sisters. 
My Sunday-school class is called the " Sun- 
shine " class. I wish some of the girls would 
write to me. Margaret Ella Heddings. 

Catlett, Va. 

Did you ever find out why your post. In e 
is called " Catlett "? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I thought I would 
like to get familiar with the boys and girls. 
I live in the country. I attend Sunday- 
school twice every Sunday if I possibly 
can. I am ten years old and in the eighth 
grade. My teacher is Francis J. Rollman. 
I have one sister, Ellen. She is sixteen, and 
will finish high school this year. My par- 
ents and sister are members of the Breth- 
ren church. Stella D. Merkey. 

Rehrersburg, Pa. 
. You must be a diligent student. It's hard 
work for some folks to get to Bible school 
only once a Sunday. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years 
old, and in the fifth grade at school. I live 
in the country, a mile and a half from a 
town. I read the Junior Missionary every 
month, and find it very interesting. I go 
regularly to Sunday-school, and am in the 
Junior class. I would enjoy letters from 
the others. Lena Wilson Will. 

Dayton, Va., Route 5, Box 47. 

What time do you go to bed, and what 
time do you have to get up in the morning? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I thought I would 
write to see if I could join the circle. I 
am going to join the Camp Fire Girls. The 
teacher of the first grade is going to be our 
guide. I am twelve years old and in the 
seventh grade. We have a new school build- 
ing here, and it is very nice. Miss Clovie 
Carroll is my Sunday-school teacher. Will 
some girl who is either eleven, twelve, or 
thirteen years old please write to me? 

Margaret Crites. 

Live Oak; Calif., Box 116. 

I am sure you have some delightful ex- 
periences ahead of you, for I think the 
Camp Fire Girls is a very fine organization. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I join too? I 
am nine years old, and hope I am not too 
young to write to you. I have a good friend 
helping me write this letter, who knows you 
real well. His name is Neal. Can you guess 
who he is? I am in the fourth grade at 
school. Today at church we had with us 
Eliza Miller, from India. I enjoy very much 
hearing her tell about the India people. 
Sister Miller, told me that she knows 
the two Miss " Salaams from India," on the 
front page of the January Visitor. I go to 
the Bethany church, and was baptized by 
my father in December. Mary Jane Neff. 

Syracuse, Ind. 

O yes, I can guess who " Neal " is. That's 
easy. Yes, Miss Miller is loaded with India 
experiences, and she talks as if she would 
rather go back there than stay here. Can 
you explain that? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : We were snow-bound 
this morning, or at least the road was closed 

toward the little country church where I 
go to Sunday-school. I am ten years old 
and in the sixth grade at school. Our 
schoolhouse is near a hill, creek, and woods. 
It is just a little, one-room building, but we 
have great fun there and learn our lessons 
too. When there is snow we have great fun 
with our sleds sliding down the hill by our 
schoolhouse. I like to live in the country. 
I have two snowwhite kittens, named Snow- 
ball and Queen. We have a big collie dog 
named Jack. If there is any one who would 
like a correspondent in Indiana, please write 
to me. I like to get letters. 

Florence Miller. 

Elkhart, Ind., R. 2, Box 64. 

That sounds like the little log schoolhouse 
where I used to go to school O, so long 
ago! There was a hill, and a creek, and 
woods. And we sledded, and ran, and rode 
growing saplings, an'— an'— everything ! My! 
but I'd like to see the place again ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I like school fine. I 
joined the Brethren church the thirteenth 
of May, 1923. I go to the Enders Sunday- 
school. I have two miles to go to school. 
Gladys E. Snavely. 

Wauneta, Nebr., R. 1. 

I wouldn't be surprised if you are the 
minister's daughter. Am I right? 

Missionaries in China 

1. H. B. Grit. 2. No Grin H. 3. R. Z. Get 
Me. 4. Minna, Va. 5. Wm. Pearl. 6. Chaff 
Seer. 7. R. C. Apple. 8. His Eye. 
Hidden Grains 

1. Let's go to the mill; Etta wants some 

2. Did I tell you how heather grows? 

3. You are too little to carry everything. 

4. He said the goat sniffed at him. 

5. He complained of lax methods of disci- 

6. Emma, I zealously worked for your 

7. Show me, for I certainly want to do it 

8. ''Yes," said Mr. Dunbar; " Leyden is in 

(Answers next month) 

February Nuts Cracked 

Missing Words. — 1. Dyed — died. 2. Bear 

— bare. 3. Hugh — hue. 4. Seam — seem. 5. 

Rowed — road. 6. Tied — tide. 7. Dun — done. 

8. Him — hymn. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Forward Movement Goal 

For the year ending Feb. 29, 1924 


$425,000 — 

375.000 — 

350.000 — 

32S.OOO — 

300,000 - 

275.000 — — 

225,000 - 


175,000 — 


125,000 — 

100,000 — 

75,000 — 

50,000 — 

25,000 — 


* — . 

if a 








E «0 








Conference Offering, 1923. As of January 31, 1924, 
the Conference (Forward Movement) offering for the 
year ending February 29, 1924, stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

D1 , 1923 > ■• $253.27637 

Fledges outstanding, 7.468 53 

Total $260,744 90 

(The 1923 Budget of $443,500 is 58.8% raised) 
Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on January 
31. 1924: ' 

Income since March 1. 1923, $258.210 38 

Income same period last year, 216.167 8' J 

In crea se, $ 42.012 58 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1923 43.746 89 

Outgo over income same period last year, 99.273 53 

Decrease outgo over income, $55 526 64 

Mission deficit January 31, 1924, 16.236 78 

Mission deficit December 31, 1923, 20 359 83 

Decrease in deficit, $ 4,123 05 

Tract Distribution.— During the month of Decem- 
ber, the Board sent out 5,588 tracts. 

Ccrrection No. 14. See January, 1924 " Visitor " 
under Foreign Missions— Clover Creek Aid Soc, 
Mid. Pa., $50— credit should instead be given Fred- 
ericksburg Aid Soc. of Clover Creek Cong. 

Correction No. 15. See March, 1923 "Visitor." 
Under General Relief and Brooklyn Church Funds, 
$18 for each as from John C. Helser & Wife (Coun- 
ty Line Cong.) X. W. Ohio,— credit should instead 
be:— (Baker Cong.) N. \Y. Ohio. 

Correction No. 16. See September, 1923 " Visitor." 
Under World Wide— So. Illinois, Okaw, $28.11— of 
this sum $5.00 should have been noted as for sup- 
port of J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Correcticn No. 17, See September and November, 
1923 " Visitors." Under Missionary Supports — 
Black River, Ohio, amounts $92 and $58, respectively, 
have since been transferred to World Wide Mis- 

Correction No. 18. See September, 1923 " Visitor." 
Under India Share Plan, $12.50 credited to Manvel 
S. S., Texas, has since been designated for India 
Boarding School. 

Correcticn No. 19. See August. 1923 " Visitor." 
Under Forward Movement, 1922— of the $139.07 credit 
to Sidney Cong. So. Ohio, $89 has since been 
noted as intended for Forward Movement, 1923. 

Correction No. 20. See December, 1923 " Visitor." 
Under China Mission — contribution of Individual 
(Rice Lake) Wis., $12.50 should be a credit under 
China Share Plan. 

December Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Decem- 


Arizona— $22.60 

Cong.: Phoenix, $ 22 60 

Arkansas— $10.00 

First D:st.. Cong.: M. A. Whitcher (Aus- 
tin), $5; Indv.: J. J. Wassam, $3, 8 00 

X. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary Babb & 

Daughter, 2 00 

California— $1,333.48 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Butte Valley, $35; Elk 
Creek, $8; Empire, $32; Figarden, $49.54; 
Laton, $25; Lindsay, $197.77; McFarland, 
$36.90; Reedley, $263.72; Ray Beeklv & Wife 
(Empire) $25; Xo. 69141 (Empire) $50; S. F. 
and Matilda Sanger (Empire) $25; J. A. 
Calvert & Family (Codora) $50; C. W. S. : 
Figarden Junior, $2.50; Indv.: Xannie Har- 
mon, $4; D. S. Musselman, $1.15, 805 58 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, $82.09; E. San 
Diego, $25; Hermosa Beach, $21; Long 
Beach, $121.36; Pasadena, $210.45; Misses 


The Missionary Visitor 


Orrell & Edna Frantz (Pasadena) $15; El- 
mer Rench & Family (Los Angeles) $5; H. 
E. Masters (E. San Diego) $45; Indv.: B. F. 
Kelso, $1; Esther LaFollette, $1; Frances 

A. Singer, $1 527 90 

Canada— $14.00 

Indv.: E. T. Riley, $10; E. R. Baker & 

Family, $4, 14 00 

Colorado— $448.54 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Haxtun, '. 32 54 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 380 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, $26; 
D. M. Click (Grand Jet.) $5; Indv.: Cynthia 

A. Peebler, $5, • 36 00 

Florida— $75.25 

Cong.: Sebring, $70; Indv.: A. W. 
Wright & Wife, $2.25; J. V. Felthouse & 

Wife, $3, 75 25 

Idaho— $17.00 

Cong.: Ella Hostetler (Fruitland) $10; J. 

B. Lehman, (Nezperce) $1; S. S.: "Bible" 
and " Loyal Mothers " Classes, Payette 
Valley, $4; Indv.: Mrs. M. R. Hathaway, $2, 17 00 
Illinois— $2,074.16 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $80.25; 
Cherry Grove, $149.89; Chicago, $2; Has- 
tings St., (Chicago) $20.13; Bethany Cen- 
ter (Chicago) $242.87; Elgin, $63.19; Hickory 
Grove, $18.20; Aid Soc: Lanark, $25; Mil- 
ledgeville, $78.81; Naperville, $14.56; Polo, 
$115.35; Rock Creek, $10; Rockford, $6.84; 
Shannon, $47.20; Sterling, $87.40; Waddams 
Grove, $30; Albert Myers (Waddams 
Grove) $1; John W. Erb (Naperville) $5; 
Emanuel Newcomer (Mt. Morris) $1; Mrs. 
Bricknell (Rockford) $3; Kate Strickler 
(Lanark) $2; Cora Brower, (Bethany, Chi- 
cago) $5; Elnora Bollinger (Chicago) $15; 
J. E. Keller (M. N.) (Chicago) $.50, 1,024 19 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $19.46; Cerro 
Gordo/ $49; Girard, $60.66; Macoupin Creek, 
$750; Romine, $4.50; Virden, $64.05; Wood- 
land, $7; A. B. Gish (Astoria) $41; E. S. 
Brothers (Loraine) $7; No. 69259 (Hurri- 
cane Creek), $5; M. Flory (Girard) $5; D. 
H. Hoover (Champaign) $15; Indv.: Mrs. 
S. M. Airos, $1; Mrs. Geo. W. Dailey, $1.30, 1,049 97 
India— $5.00 

Indv.: H. P. Garner, 5 00 

Indiana— $1,632.73 

Mid. Dist., W. Eel River, $13.40; Bachelor 
Run, $18.16; Eel River, $19.35; Huntington 
City, $12; Loon Creek, $28.39; Manchester, 
$96; Mexico, $19.46; Monticello, $34.72; Ogans 
Creek, $18.50; Pipe Creek, $24.50; Pleasant 
View, $28.34; Spring Creek, $18.10; W. Man- 
chester, $133.40; Hannah Armey (W. Eel 
River) $5; Susanna Leckrone (W. Eel River) 
$5; Emanuel Leckrone (W. Eel River) $8; 
Moyne Landis & Wife (Spring Creek) $5; 
B. F. Emley & Wife (So. Whitley) $2; A 
Brother (Roann) $2; S. S.: "King's Daugh- 
ters'" Class (Mexico) $7; Indv.: Mrs. Flor- 
ence E. Brubaker & Son, Edwin, $10; Sarah 

A. Ball, $1; A Sister, $1; A. M. Finley & 

Wife, $5, 515 32 

No. Dist., Cong.: Plymouth, $13.83; Waka- 
rusa, $53.75; Baugo, $50.28; Bethany, $62.50; 
Blue River, $18; Cedar Creek, $15.60; Goshen, 
$29.36; Middlebury, $129; Nappanee, $47.74; 
No. Liberty, $58; J. T. Dickey (No. Winona 
Lake) $50; Pleasant Valley, $42.67; First So. 
Bend, $125; Shipshewana, $22.37; R. M. Mc- 
Cloughan (Wawaka) $100; Mrs. I. W. Jack- 
son (First So. Bend) $50; Homer A. Schrock 
(Solomon's Creek( $2; Eliz. Tasher (Salem) 
$1; Mrs. Irene Musser (Plymouth) $10; H. 

B. Dickey (No. Liberty) $10; A. M. Eby 
(Ft. Wayne) $10; C. W. S.: Rock Run Jr., 

$4.75; Indv.: J. P. Hoffman & Wife, $5, .... 910 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beech Grove, $5; Four 
Mile, $50; Mississinewa, $38.50; Nettle Creek, 
$80.14; Rossville, $12.85; Upper Fall Creek, 
$9.38; White, $29.71; Laura & Ruth Lynch 
(White) $2; D. C. Campbell (White) $.50; 
Ruth Lynch & Mother (White) $1; Mrs. 
Stella White (New Bethel) $2; David & 
Esta Lennard (Nettle Creek) $10; Ella 
Shock (Nettle Creek) $.50; No. 69172 (Four 

273 28 

233 14 

Mile) $12; Jos. A. Byer & Wife (Beech 

Grove) $2.98, 256 56 

Iowa— $1,413.83 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines, $31.55; 
Brooklyn, $17; Cedar, $87.03; J. K. Miller 
(Cedar Rapids) $500; Dallas Center, $31.49; 
Des Moines Valley, $75.50; Dry Creek, $12.56; 
Garrison, $45.05; Panther Creek, $64.73; 
Prairie City, $22; C. Z. Reitz (Maxwell) $5 
Mabel Shaffer (Garrison) $1; D. E. Hufford 
& Family (Des Moines) $4; Rev. D. F. Lan- 
dis (M. N.) (Des Moines) $.50; Indv.: A 
Methodist Sister, $10, 907 41 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Co., $20; Grun- 
dy Co., $37.34; Hancock, $16.30; Sheldon, 
$16.16; So. Waterloo, $56.84; Mrs. W. V. 
Smith (Grundy Co.) $1; Ella Eikenberry 
(Greene) $5; David Brallier & Family (Cur- 
lew) $25; E. C. Whitmer & Wife (Curlew) 
$10; C W. S., Y. P. Dept., Waterloo City, 
$82.64; Indv.: Mrs. Albert Seidel, $1; Mrs. 
W. V. Smith, $2, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Libertyville, $68.36; Eng- 
lish River, $59.03; Salem, $7.50; So. Keokuk, 
$82.75; Indv.: L. E. Buzzard, $10; J. Kob 
(Franklin) $3; S. Schlotman (Council Bluffs) 


Kansas— $459.29 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Richland Center, $40.17; 
Lonestar, $14.20; Morrill, $117; Olathe, $25.20; 
Ottawa, $62.69; Sabetha, $10; Washington 
Creek, $7.25; Effie Steffey (Topeka) $1; W. 
H. H. Sawyer (Morrill) $25; Mrs. B. S. 
Katherman (Lawrence) $2; S. S.: Mothers' 
Class (Navarre) $25; Indv.: Unknown 
Family, $3, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: White Rock, $9.75; D. 
H. Gish (Belleville) $16.66, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: New Hope, $20; Eld. 
John S. Clark (M. N.) (Parsons) $.50; Fan- 
nie & Forrest Stevens (Osage) $3; A. B. 
Lichtenwalter (New Hope) $6; J. W. & A. 
L. Eikenberry (Independence), 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Bloom, $14.25; Hutch- 
inson, $5; E. Wichita, $11.62; W. Wichita, 
$23; Mrs. A. C. Weiser (Peabody) $1; Kate 
Yost (Peabody) $5; Mrs. Emma Delp (Mc- 
Pherson) $1; Clara T. Brandt & D. R. 
Brandt & Family (McPherson) $7; Mrs. 

Nannie Gump (Garden City) $1, 

Louisiana — $41 .26 

Cong.: Roanoke, 

Maryland — $619.88 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave. (Baltimore) 
$95.48; Baltimore (Woodberry) $17.79; Lo- 
cust Grove, $73.31; Meadow Branch, $108.84; 
Pipe Creek, $62; Mrs. Cora L. Black (Pipe 
Creek) $2; A Family (Middletown Valley) 
$20; W. E. Roop & Wife (Meadow Branch) 
$25; Mrs. D. A. Erbaugh (Meadow Branch) 
$2; " Friends of Missions " (Frederick City) 
$8; Aid Spa: Pipe Creek, $8, 422 42 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Longmeadow (Beaver 
Creek) $26; Licking Creek, $15; Manor, 
$34.90; Welsh Run, $48.90; Delia M. Garber 
(Mt. Zion, Beaver Creek) $5; Indv.: In 
memory of Amanda L. Ausherman, Dec'd., 
$1.10; Walter S. Coffman, $10, 140 90 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $25; Fair- 
view, $16.56; Indv.: Robt. Umbel, $15, 56 56 

Michigan— $545.62 

Cong.: Battle Creek, $48.04; Beaverton, 
$43.50; Detroit, $100; Homestead, $8; Lake 
View, $16.50; Long Lake, $25; New Haven, 
$61; Shepherd, $26.75; Sunfield, $34; Thorn- 
apple, $25; Woodland Village, $48; Zion, 
$3.11; S. White, $5; Grandma Hostetler 
(Zion) $3; Mrs. H. C. Lowder (Woodland) 
$3; G. F. Culler (Woodland) $25; D. S. 
Kniesley (Little Traverse) $25; J. J. Scro- 
gum (M. N.) (Hart) $.50; S. S. : "Home 
Makers" Class, Beaverton, $14; C. W. S.: 
Beaverton, $21.22; Indv.: Mrs. Harry Car- 

mer, $10, 545 62 

Minnesota— $213.58 

Cong.: Worthington, $22.08; Winona, $20; 
Monticello, $60; Lewiston, $45; A. J. Nickey 
(M. N.) (Monticello) $.50; Homer E. Vought 
(Minneapolis) $70; Indv.: I. N. Wagoner, $1, 218 58 

332 51 
26 41 

31 50 

68 87 
41 26 


The Missionary Visitor 


Missouri — $301.73 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg, $50.40; 
Indv.: Mrs. Clay Dillon, $2, 52 40 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockingham, $63.03; Wa- 
kenda, $78.75; Mrs. J. W. Stouffer (St. 
Joseph) $1.05; Ollie Jones (So. St. Joseph) 
$2.50; Wm. G. Andes (Bethel) $50; Mrs. 
Martha Sandy & Family (Kidder) $5; S. S.: 
"How You Do" Class (Rockingham) $5; 
Aid Soc. : Dorcas, Rockingham, $5; Indv.: 
Mrs. Victor J. Plume, $5 215 33 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 18 10 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $8.90; Mrs. 
Louisa Shaw (Mountain Grove) $5; D. H. 

Wampler & Wife (Dry Fork) $2, 15 90 

Montana — $20.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. O. C. Long & Mrs. 
Wm. Dees (Poplar Valley) $10; Mrs. R. D. 

Clark (Grandview) $10, 20 00 

Nebraska— $69.32 

Cong.: No 69590 (Octavia) $4; Omaha, 
$18.32; Ira Kindig (So. Beatrice) $10; Alfred 
Phillips (Red Cloud) $2; C. J. Lichty (Beat- 
rice) $5; Cora M. Butterbaugh (Bethel) $20; 

Indv. : D. H. Saylor, $10, 69 32 

Jew Jersey— $2.00 

Indv.: Burton Metzler & Wife, 2 00 

North Carolina— $94.50 

Cong.: Melvin Hill, $66.50; Mountain 
Creek, $6; J. I. Branscom (Melvin Hill) $22, 94 50 

North Dakota— $87.87 

Cong. Rock Lake. $38.25; Kenmare, $26.62; 
Minot, $8; W. W. Keltner & Wife (Willis- 
ton) $10; Indv.: S. N. S. Gipe, $5, 87 87 

Ohio— $1,233.12 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Akron City, $83.50; 
Ashland City, $35.84; Baltic, $44.50; Black 
River, $42.71; Springfield, $76.78; Wooster, 
$33.25; Mrs. Anna Ulrich (Wooster) $5; Mrs. 
John S. Furry (Woodworth) $1; Mrs. Sarah 
Replogle (Woodworth) $1; Melee Burger 
(Owl Creek) $1; T. M. Arnold & Wife (Mo- 
hican) $5; Dow McVicker (Black River) $1; 
No. 69215 (Black River) $25; Beulah McVick- 
er (Black River) $5; Lydia E. Mason 
(Bethel) $5; S. S.: Ladies' Bible Class, 
(Baltic) $14; Aid Soc: Reading, $10; C. W. 
S.: New Philadelphia Jr., $7.88; Indv.: Mrs. 
C. V. Harmon, $5, 402 46 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Black Swamp, $79.74; 
Dupont, $29.88; Greenspring, $23.75; Logan, 
$47.50; Pleasant View, $2; No. Poplar Ridge, 
$32.16; Oak Grove (Rome) $20.60; Sugar 
Creek, $16.50; L. C. Huber (Logan) $15; 
Amanda Thayer (Baker) $5; Clara Auspach 
(Baker) $3; An Individual (Baker) $20; C. 
W. S.: Marion, $7.04; Indv.: Mrs. S. H, 
Vore, $5, 307 17 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $28.75; 
Bradford, $3.65: Castine, $37.40; Lower 
Miami, $11; Marble Furnace, $12.89; New 
Carlisle, $47.38; Ludlow (Pitsburg) $36.71, 
Pleasant Hill, $31.66; Pleasant Valley, $17.45; 
Sidney, $24; Union City, $12.75; W. Milton, 
$58; Elizabeth Ludy (Upper Twin) $10; Mrs. 
Amanda Young and Mrs. Minerva Buriff 
(Sugar Hill) $1; Ida M. Eley (Prices Creek) 
$1; Jesse W. Baker (Ludlow-Pitsburg) $2; 
Maria Freehafer (Middle Dist.) $2; Bro. & 
Sister Roberts (Middle Dist.) $5; Van B. 
Wright (M. N.) (May Hill) $.50; Indv. 
(Beaver Creek) $25; Aid Soc: W. Dayton, 
$84.35; Union City, $5; Troy, $20; Salem, 
$10; Lower Miami, $10; Castine, $5; C. W. 
S.: W. Dayton Jr., $10; Indv.: Homer 
Beath, $1; Harris Harmon, $5; A Sister, $5, 523 49 
Oklahoma— $15.50 

Cong.: No. 69799 (Oklahoma City) $1; 
Indv.: Mrs. E. L. Lawver, $5; F. H. Brad- 
ley & Family, $3; Mrs. L. M. Dodd, $2; 

Kate Beckner, $2; G. W. Wales, $2.50, 15 50 

Oregon— $162.80 

Cong.: Mabel, $23.75; Ashland, $5.30; 
Giants Pass (Williams) $123.75; Mrs. Hul- 
dah Metz (Weston) $5; Miss R. Ahlstrom 

(Portland) $5, 162 80 

Pennsylvania— $4,450.89 

E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $30.69; Big Swa- 
tara, $120; Conestoga, $43.06; E. Fairview, 

(Greenville -Rock ton) 
(Greenville- Rock ton) 
(Quemahoning) $10; 

322 34 

$43.95; E. Petersburg, $34.25; Ephrata, $125; 
Fredericksburg, $22.75; Hatfield, $68.50; Hei- 
dleberg, $13.35; Lancaster, $73; Indian Creek, 
$71; Lake Ridge, $20; Mechanic Grove, 
$90.50; Midway, $67.95; Mingo, $146.75; Skip- 
pack (Mingo) $11; Myerstown, $28; Pal- 
myra, $388.44; Schuylkill, $28.60; Shamokin, 
$20; Spring Grove, $29.25; W. Conestoga, 
$100.77; Harry R. Chandler & Mrs. Emma 
Richwine (Spring Creek) $2; Eliz. Fiandt 
(Spring Creek) $1; A Sister (Lititz) $5; A 
Sister (Lancaster) $1; B. L. Winger (Lan- 
caster) $1; S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class 
(Annville) $20; C. W. S. : Palmyra, $23.37; 
Akron, $9.44; Indv.: John H. Port & Wife, 

$2, 1,641 62 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $176.34; Ty- 
rone, $75; H. H. Brumbaugh (Riddlesburg) 
$4; G. E. Glass & Wife (Juniata Park) $5; 
Mrs. Mary Rodgers (Huntingdon) $10; Mary 
A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; J. B. 
Shellenberger (Burnham) $2; Martha Ment- 
zer (28th St. Altoona) $10; S. S.: "Junior 
Truth Seekers " Class, 1st Altoona, $10; 
C. W. S.: Lewistown, $10; 28th St. Altoona 

Jrs., $10, 

S. Dist., Cong.: Lost Creek, ^66; Upton 
(Back Creek) $50; Carlisle, $300; Annie E. 
Newcomer (Chambersburg) $5; Codorus, 
$133.57; Hanover, $23.75; Marsh Creek, 
$16.10; New Fairview, $64.79; Upper Codorus, 
$37.08; Pleasant Hill, $104; Upper Conewago, 
$66.17; Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) 
$60.97; Newville (Upper Cumberland) $34.39; 
Waynesboro, $154.38; Abram S. Hershey, 
(York) $5; Blanche Griest (Upper Cone- 
wago) $3; No. 69854 (E. Berlin-Upper Con- 
ewago) $50; Mrs. N. S. Sausman (Lost 
Creek) $10; Mary E. Bashore (Lost Creek) 
$4; Krissinger Sisters (Lost Creek) $5; 
"Individual" (Carlisle) $30; Mrs. M. B. 
Dittman (Carlisle) $2; J. D. Wilson & Wife 
(Back Creek) $5; S. S. : Hampton (Upper 
Conewago) $13.75; Latimore (Upper Cone- 
wago) $7.56; Aid Soc: Waynesboro, $25; 

Newville (Upper Cumberland) $15 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $35; Cov- 
entry, $183.38; Parker Ford, $197.14, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Beachdale House (Ber- 
lin) $19.07; Conemaugh, $89.92; Connels- 
ville, $22.50; Elk Lick, $45; Penn Run 
(Manor) $40; Wiler Hill (Mt. Union) $42.65; 
Pittsburgh, $60.56; Plum Creek. $19.52; Red 
Bank, $9.75; Rockton, $5.05; Rummel, $25.60; 
Shade Creek, $36.29; Somerset, $45.44; Sum- 
mit Mills, $26.45; J. Clark Brilhart (Mont- 
gomery) $5; Mrs. Eliz. Knavel & Miss Flor- 
ence Knavel (Windber) $5; Mrs. R. Won- 
settler (Ten Mile) $3; J. L. Weaver & 
Wife (Shade Creek) $10; W. A. Allison & 
Wife (Rummel) $10; Mrs. Wilbur Bloom 
$2; Susie McKeon 
$2; David Blough 
C. Walter Warstler 
(M. N.) (Pittsburgh) $1; Eld. D. P. Hoover 
& Wife (Moxham) $100; D. P. Hoover (M. 
N.) (Moxham) $.50; Oran & Eliz. Fyock 
(Montgomery) $5; Josiah H. Pyle & Wife 
(Middle Creek) $2; Elizabeth Fyock (Manor) 
$3; W. N. Myers (M. N.) (Manor) $.50; A 
Brother & Sister (Locust Grove) $2; J. 
Lloyd Nedrow (M. N.) (Locust Grove) $.50; 
Patsy Di Felice (Wilpen-Ligonier) $10; J. 
M. Mineely (Walnut Grove) $20; S. W. 
Pearce (Johnstown) $5; Annie E. Thomas 
(Georges Creek) $2; A Sister (Geiger) $2; 
A. R. Kitchen (Chest Creek) $25; S. S. : 
Plum Creek, $34.01; "Willing Workers" 
Class, Pike (Brothersvalley) $14.59; C. W. 
S.: Mt. Pleasant, $9; Indv.: Mrs. Philip 
Shaulis, $1; Jacob L. Switzer, $3; Lucinda 

Holsopple, $5, 

South Dakota— $13.00 

Cong.: Willow Creek, $8; Indv. Nora 
Thurston, $5, 

Tennessee— $70.40 

Cong.: Beaver Creek, $10; Limestone, 
$21.50; New Hope, $22; David H. Lewis 
(Taylors Valley) $3; Mrs. D. T. Keebler 
(New Hope) $5; Y. P. S. (Knob Creek) $5; 

1,291 51 
415 52 

779 90 

13 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indv.: Mrs. H. K. Keeble, $1; F. G. Davis, 

$2.90, 70 40 

Texas— $25.25 

Cong.: Manvel, $23.25; Indv. F. G. Gross, 

$2, 25 25 

Utah— $5.00 

Indv. : J. H. Force, 5 00 

Virginia— $2,235.86 

E. Dist., Cong.: Belmont, $12.63;' Lower 
Union Church (Locust Grove) $7.40; Nokes- 
ville, $6.52; Geo. W. Shaffer (Nokesville) 
$11; A. F. Bollinger & Wife (Mt. Carmel) 
$10; Individual (Madison) $11.25; Individual 
(Madison) $5; Fred Jenkins (Oakton-Fair- 
fax) $5; Indv.: F. N. Weimer, $25; Mrs. 
Crystina Fehl, $3; Mrs. W. T. Pannell, $5, 101 80 

First Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $91.70; 
Daleville, $359.68; Oak Grove (Peters 
Creek) $25; Peters Creek, $127.06; Roahoke 
City, $75.76; Poage's Mill Church (Roanoke) 
$11; Terrace View, $20.80; Trout ville, $700; 
Mary C. Shaner (Troutville) $2; J. H. Plun- 
kett & Wife (Roanoke) $10; Mrs. M. A. 
Riner (Chestnut Grove) $1; Indv.: Mrs. E. 
P. Fariss, $1; An Isolated Sister, $10; Mrs. 
Mary E. Lemon & Daughter, $2, 1,537 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mountain Grove 
(Brock's Gap) $24; Cedar Grove (Fla.t 
Rock) $70.23; Flat Rock, $6.75; Mill Creek, 
$55.78; Luray (Mt. Zion) $3.30; Pleasant 
View, $10.75; Indv.: An old sister, $1, 171 81 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Barren Ridge, $15.36; 
Beaver Creek, $20.63; Bridgewater, $71.61; 
Chimney Run, $2.10; Elk Run, $10.03; 
Middle River, $87.17; Sangersville, $64.66; 
Mrs. Mary L. Driver (Sangersville) $2; J. 
B. Coffman (Beaver Creek) $.65; Christena 
Snyder (Beaver Creek) $5; Indv.: Bettie 
F. Lamb, $5; J. P. Chandler, $2.60, 286 81 

So. Dist., Cong.: Monte Vista (Bethle- 
hem) $28.27; Bethlehem, $31.80; Boones 
Chapel, $12; Burks Fork, $5.07; Germantown, 
$35; Red Oak Grove, $9; Mrs. W. H. 
Lintecum (Coulson) $5.30; Sarah J. Hylton 

(Coulson) $2; Aid Soc. : Antioch, $10, 138 44 

Washington— $379.75 

Cong.: Omak, $11.10; Outlook, $30; Ta- 
coma, $12; Wenatchee City, $102.27; Wen- 
atchee, $49.58; Wenatchee Park, $19.45; 
Whitestone. $23.53; Yakima, $22.82; W. A. 
Deardorff (M. N.) (Wenatchee Valley) $.50; 
No. 68710 (Wenatchee) $5; W. H. Slabaugh 
(Wenatchee) $5; Mrs. Sarah A. Stiverson 
(Omak) $5; Susie E. Reber (Olympia) $20; 
James Wagoner & Wife (Okanogan Valley) 
$20; No. 69065 (Centralia) $7.50; S. S.: 
" Bible Class," Okanogan Valley. $16; C. 
W. S.: Seattle, $2; Aid Soc: Okanogan 
Valley, $25; Indv.: J. E. Bosserman, $3, . . . . 379 75 
West Virginia— $$449.59 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $44.44; 
Maple Spring (Eglon) $144.10; Barman, 
$43.75; Keyser (New Creek) $24.25; Red 
Creek, $4.50; Sandy Creek, $72.35; Seneca, 
$2; Tearcoat, $18; Bethel House (White 
Pine) $6; Mission Chapel at Levels, $5; Mrs. 
Emma Ridenour & W. S. Ridenour (Red 
Creek), $2; D. L. Cassady & Wife (Green- 
land) $5; Indv.: B. F. Wratchford '& 
Family, $14.20, 385 59 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mary F. Miller (Go- 
shen) $28; Indv.: Lucy A. Manzy, $1; J. 
F. DeMoss, $25; Emma Kilmer, $5; Jesse 

Judy, $4; Mary A. Hevner, $1, 64 00 

Wisconsin— $35.31 

Cong.: White Rapids, $11; Chippewa Val- 
ley, $24.31, 35 31 

Total for the month, $18,633 11 

Total previously reported, 51,005 10 

69,638 21 
Correction No. 16, 5 00 

69,633 21 
Correction No. 17, 150 00 

Total for the year, $ 69,783 21 


A- izona— $22.79 

S. S.: Glendale, $13.55; Phoenix, $9.24, ....$ 22 79 
California— $119.62 

No. Dist., S. S.: Lindsay, $8.44; Live Oak, 
$3.47; " Community Helpers " Class, McFar- 
land, $5; Modesto, $45.80; Patterson, $33.28, 95 99 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, 23 63 

Canada— $48.23 

S. S. : Bow Valley, 48 23 

Colorado— $228.98 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Colorado Springs, 25 78 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Rocky Ford, 120 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: First Grand Valley, 

$67.25; Fruita, $15.95, 83 20 

Florida— $205.23 

S. S.: Sebring, 205 23 

Idaho— $62.95 

S. S.: Nezperce, $2.42; Winchester, $60.53, 62.95 

Illinois— $1,195.45 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethany (Chicago) 
$334.05; Batavia, $12.05; Cong. & S. S., Ba- 
tavia, $21; Hastings St. (Chicago) $58.76; 
Pupils & Teachers of Chicago, $7.03; Elgin, 
$178.50; Franklin Grove, $177.55; Primary 
Dept., Franklin Grove, $3.55; " Loyalty " 
Class, Lanark, $17; Milledgeville, $76.55; 
Naperville, $41.23; Rockford, $43.23; Shan- 
non, $4.59; Sterling, $20; West Branch, 
$21.75, 1,016 84 

So. Dist., S. S.: Allison Prairie, $8.26; 
Girard, $78.87; LaMotte Prairie, $12; Mar- 
tin Creek, $2.69; Primary Class, Martin 
Creek, $2.31; LaPlace (Okaw) $23.64; Cen- 
tennial (Okaw) $29.17; Woodland, $21.67, 178 61 
Indiana— $2,495.06 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Clear Creek, $8.20; Del- 
phi, $15; Eel River, $1.93; Lower Deer Creek, 
$12.51; Mission Chapel (Manchester) $27.15; 
College S. S. (Manchester), $80; Manches- 
ter, $851.70; Markle, $3.50; Guernsey (Mon- 
ticello), $6.50; Pipe Creek, $19; Portland, 
$14.34; Pleasant View, $14.77; Plunge Creek 
Chapel, $5.82; Santa Fe, $8.10; So. Whitley, 
$10.51; Spring Creek, $35.05; Sugar Creek, 
$6.43; Wabash (country), $7.59; W. Man- 
chester, $50.87, 1,188 97 

No. Dist., S. S.: Berrien, $10; Blue River, 
$36.50; Goshen City, $342.05; Lake View 
(LaPorte), $6.72; Nappanee, $260.51; New 
Paris, $121; Oak Grove, $48.64; Osceola, 
$9.83; Oak Grove (Pine Creek) $42.56; Rock 
Run, $92.20; Sec. So. Bend, $6.30; Union, 
$2.17; Wawaka, $34.44; W. Goshen, $90.32, .. 1,103 21 

So. Dist., S. S.: Arcadia, $3.30; Howard, 
$21.52; Indianapolis, $30.25; Cong. & S. S. : 
Indianapolis, $53.59; Young People's Class, 
Indianapolis, $25; Rossville, $41.09; Boys' 
Class, Summitville, $2.20; White, $25.90, .... 202 85 
Iowa— $293.19 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Bagley, $13.56; Beaver, 
$6; Brooklyn, $14.92; Panora (Coon River), 
$3; Dallas Center, $43.69; Des Moines, $23; 
Des Moines Valley, $28.15; Muscatine, $20.92; 
Panther Creek, $18.04, 171 18 

No. Dist., S. S.: Franklin Co., $44.22; 
Greene, $11.59; Home Dept., Greene, $4; 
Sheldon, $4.38, 64 19 

So. Dist., S. S.: Council Bluffs, $6.56; Fair- 
view, $9.53; " Sunbeam " Class, Fairview, 
$2.25; Batavia (Liberty ville) $2.15; Osceola, 

$1.08; Ottumwa, $6.25; Salem, $30, 57 82 

Kansas— $357.32 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Abilene, $18.51; Buck- 
eye, $15; E. Maple Grove, $2.95; Intermedi- 
ate Dept., Morrill, $3.50; Morrill, $14.82; 
" Servants of the Master " Class, Morrill, 
$75; Junior Dept., Ottawa, $11.12; Primary 
Dept., Ottawa, $11.45; Ottawa, $22.80; Rich- 
land Center, $11.05; Oakland (Topeka) $50; 
Wade Branch, $6.28; Washington Creek, 

7.75, 250 23 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, $32.38; 

White Rock, $8.25, 40 63 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Chanute, 6 50 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Eden Valley, $19.18; 



The Missionary Visitor 


Miami, $28.50; Newton City, $2.84; Wichita, 
E. Side, $5.44; V. E. Whitmer & Family (E. 

Wichita), $4, 

Louisiana— $62.54 

S. S.: Roanoke, 

Maryland— $773.19 

E. Dist., S. S.: Woodberry (Baltimore) 
$145.27; Bethany, $7; Locust Grove. $5; 
Westminster (Meadow Branch) $128.92; 
Rocky Ridge (Monocacy) $5; Detour (Mon- 
ocacy) $18.50; Prep Boys of Blue Ridge Col- 
lege (Pipe Creek) $2.17; Blue Ridge College 
(Pipe Creek), $55.67; Union Bridge (Pipe 

Creek) $2.95; Washington City, $93.18 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Beaver Creek. $4.30; 
Broadfording, $16.48; Brownsville, $60; Ha- 
gerstown. $165.32; Manor, $18.25; Pleasant 

View, $33.18 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Bible Class ", Cumber- 

Michigan— $215.97 

S. S.: Battle Creek, $33.03; Beaverton, 
$97.66; "Willing Workers" Class, Beaver- 
ton, $13; Durand Mission. $16.11; Long Lake, 
$9; Rodney. $6.17; Shepherd, $4.28; Thorn- 
apple, $22; Woodland Village, $13.25; Zion, 


Minnesota— $38.44 

S. S. : Minneapolis, $6.67; Monticello, $1.21; 
Nemadji, $26.50; Hancock, $2; Bethel, $2.06, 
Missouri — $73.80 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Mound, $30; So. War- 

rensburg, $30.12 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Bethel (Bethel) 

S. W. Dist.. S. S.: Carthage, $2; Shoal 

Creek, $6.30 

Montana— $2520 
E. Dist.. Florendale. $10.50; Milk River 

Valley. $8.09 

W. Dist., S. S.: Kalispell, 

Nrbraska— $107.11 

S. S.: Afton. $5.78; Enders, $10.53; Lin- 
coln, $16; Octavia, $50 87; Union (So. Loup) 

$10.05; So. Beatrice, $13.83, 

No-th Dakota— $17.44 

S. S.: Minot, $9.10; Egeland. $8.34, 

Oh ; o— $1,881.04 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Beech Grove, $56.07; 
Bethel, (Bethel Mahoning) $4; Black River, 
$11.65; Beech Grove (Chippewa) $25.53; Can- 
ton Center, $76.60; Cleveland, $26.86; Maple 
Grove, $16.51; Reading. $120; Richland, 
$59.71; Springfield. $15; White Cottage, $13; 

Paradise (Wooster) Zion Hill, $53.05, 

N. W. Dist.. S. S.: Eagle Creek $43.37; 
Fostoria. $13.13; Lick Creek. $41; Pleasant 
View, $168.09; No. Poplar Ridge (Poplar 
Ridge) $22.50; Oak Grove (Rome) $3.40; 
Ross. $12.19; Walnut Grove (Silver Creek) 
$52.76; Sugar Creek, $25.92; First Toledo, 

$7 05; Wyandot, $6.95 

So. Dist., S. S.: Bear Creek, $16.40; Zion 
(Brookville) $6.02; S. S. & Cong., Constance, 
$4; Donnells Creek,. $40.37; Ft. McKinley, 
$146.58; Harris Creek. $163.93; Lexington, 
$2; Lower Miami, $132.72; Happy Corner 
(Lower Stillwater) $48.50; New Carlisle, 
$140.21; Oakland, $8.61; Red River (Painter 
Creek) $21.50; Painter Creek, $110.94; Prices 
Creek, $19.63; Georgetown (Salem) $35; 
Ru^h Creek. $7; Bethel (Salem) $49.74; 

t nion City. $3.55; Greenville, $5, 

Oklahoma— $98.86 
S. S.: Washita, $32.51; Thomas, $51.35; 

"Shining Star" Class, Thomas, $15, 

Oregon— $45.03 

S. S. : Ashland, $31.32; Mabel, $13.71, 

P nnsylvania — $3,053.24 

E. Dist., S. S.: So. Annville (Annville) 
$2>; Paxton (Big Swatara) $19; Earlville 
(Conestoga) $20.25; Chiques, $20; Women's 
Bible Class, Mt. Hope (Chiques) $5; Bare- 
ville (Conestoga) $81.75; E. Fairview $35; 
Elizabethtown, $108.88; Ephrata, $33.29; 
Rankstown (Fredericksburg) $7.25; Harris- 
burg, $100; Mohrsville (Maiden Creek) $20; 

59 96 
62 54 

463 65 

302 53 
7 00 

215 97 
38 44 

60 12 
5 38 


18 59 
6 61 

107 11 

521 98 

396 36 

962 70 

98 86 
45 03 

Midway, $21.03; " Character Builder's " 
Class, Midway, $13; Mingo, $27; Primary 
Dept., Palmyra, $23.11; F. S. Carper's 
Class, Palmyra, $25.50; Elizabeth Blauch's 
Class, Palmyra, $55; Shamokin, $17.06; 
Spring Creek. $67.88; Quakertown (Spring- 
field) $67.95; Springville, $68,50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Clover Creek. $20.88; 
Martinsburg (Clover Creek) $83.73; Dry Val- 
ley. $4.75; Huntingdon, $89.10; James Creek. 
$9.15; Leamersville, $34.46; " Living Links " 
Class, Lewistown, $50; Lewistown. $76.99; 
Riddlesburg, $6; Roaring Spring. $102; Ty- 
rone, $8.11; "Willing Workers" Class, Wil- 
liamsburg, $10; Williamsburg, $68.96; Hol- 
singer (Woodbury) $15.24; Bethel (Yellow 

Creek) $3.50; Yellow Creek, $8 

So. Dist., S. S.: Brandt's (Back Creek) 
?7.26; " Golden Gleaners " Class. Upton 
(Back Creek) $10.31; Buffalo, $17.75; "Sun- 
shine" Class. Carlisle. $5; Carlisle. $15.57; 
Shrewsbury — New Freedom (Codorus) 
$60.21; Codorus, $53.33; Gettysburg (Marsh 
Creek) $30.35; New Fairview, $12.33; Three 
Springs (Perry) $13; Melrose (Upper Co- 
dorus) $28.25; Latimore (Upper Conewago) 
$18.41; Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) 
$79.50; Organized Bible Class, Nwwville 
(Upper Cumberland) $11.61; Waynesboro, 


S. E. Dist., S. S.: Coventry, $24.71; Nor- 
ristown. $16.55; S. S. & Cong., Calvary 

(Philadelphia) $225, 

\V. Dist.. S. S.: Rayman (Brothers Val- 
ley) $20.40; " Missionary Helpers " Class, 
Conemaugh, $6; Elk Lick $16.57; Geiger, 
$6.15; Uniontown (Georges Creek) $30; Hoo- 
versville, $26; Maple Grove (Johnstown) $6; 
Waterford (Ligonier) $97; Purchase Line 
(Manor) $30.12; Diamondville (Manor) $8.45; 
Meyersdale, $40.13; Pike Run (Middlecreek) 
$5; Moore (Middle Creek) $3.85; Mt. Joy, 
$53.52; Montgomery. $55; Morrellville, $12.50; 
Moxham, $16.76; Maple Spring (Quemahon- 
ing) $13; "Ever Faithful" Class. Red Bank, 
$10; Greenville (Rockton) $2.25; 'Bethel 
(Rockton) $3; " Friendship " Bible Class, 
Rockton, $2.60; Rockton, $i0; Rummel, 
$78.87; Scalp Level, $104.16; Summit Mills, 
$11.73; Ten Mile, $1; Viewmont, $33.50; 

Cowanshannock, $5.54, 

S-uth Dakota— $33.25 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 

Texas— $50.00 

S. S.: Ft. Worth, 

Virginia— $586.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Oakton (Fairfax) $15.10; 

Oronoco. $7.65, 

First Dist., S. S. : Pleasant View (Chest- 
nut Grove) $64.67; Cloverdale, $29.13; Crab 

Orchard, $22.37; Lynchburg, $30.40, 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Run (Cooks 
Creek) $17.08; Dayton (Cooks Creek) $33.20; 
Garber's (Cooks Creek) $7.50; Cedar Grove 
(Flat Rock) $14.29; Harrisonburg, $9.55; 
Bethel (No. Mill Creek) $27.28; Oak Hill 
(Powells Fort) $3.21; Valley Pike (Wood- 
stock) $72.16, 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, $64.93; 
Montezuma (Beaver Creek) $73.50; Bridge- 
water, $29.06; Buena Vista, $11.40; Elk Run, 
$4.27; S. S. & Cong., Mt. Vernon, $6.37, .... 
So. Dist., S. S.: Antioch, $9.15; Monte 
Vista (Bethlehem) $5.04; Bethlehem, $14.87; 
Maple Grove (Germantown) $1.95; Reids- 
ville (Pleasant Valley) $3.60; Laurel Branch, 


Washington— $251 .39 

S. S.: Richland Valley, $16.20; Primary 
Dept., Sunnyside, $111.25; Tacoma, $10; E. 

Wenatchee, $113.94, 

West Virginia— $160.71 

First Dist., S. S.: Beaver Run, $29.65; 
Harness Run (Beaver Run & Knobley), 
$43.72; Maple Spring (Eglon) $51; Keyser 

(New Creek) $11.59; Martinsburg, $9 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Valley, 

861 45 

590 87 

625 56 

266 26 

33 25 

50 00 

22 75 

146 57 

184 27 

189 53 

42 88 

251 39 

144 96 
15 75 


The Missionary Visitor 


Wisconsin — $12.71 

S. S.: Ambers (White Rapids) $3.47; Maple 
Grove, $4.45; Chippewa Valley, $4.79, 

Driver & Family (Mt. Carmel) $25, 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Virginia Garber Cole 
12 71 (Bridgewater), 

50 00 
25 00 

Total for the month, $ 12.514 74 

Total previously reported, 19 378 13 

Total for the 


.$ 31,892 87 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Herman & Pauline Moomaw 

of La Verne College Volunteer Band, $ 5 00 

Illinois— $283.50 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 
Bible School, $200.50; Students & Faculty 

of Mt. Morris College, $83 283 50 

Indiana— $62.50 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Man- 
chester College, 62 50 

Kansas— $38.00 

S. W. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mc- 
Pherson College, 38 00 

Total for the month, $ 389 00 

Total previously reported, 2,997 45 

Total for the year, $ 3,386 45 

California— $24.40 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, $10; Her- 

mosa Beach, $14.40, $ 24 40 

Idaho— $5.00 

Aid Soc, Emmett, 5 00 

Missouri— $7.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 7 00 

Ohio— $411.85 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies, $257.05; New 
Philadelphia, $19.80, 276 85 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, 135 00 

Oregon— $29.00 

Aid Soc: Mabel, $8; Bandon, $3; Aid 

Societies, $18, 29 00 

Pennsylvania— $325.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Spring Creek, $20; Big 
Swatara, $10, 30 00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 10 00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: First Philadelphia, 
$50; Pottstown, $10; Parker Ford, $25; Har- 
mony ville, $5; Norristown, $30; German- 
town, $100; Coventry, $50; Ambler, $15, .... 285 00 
Virginia— $286.25 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 113 25 

Sec. Dist. Aid Societies, 173 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,088 50 

Total previously reported, 8,653 59 

Total for the year $ 9,742 09 

California— $41.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Santa Ana, 

Florida— $200.00 

Cong.: J. F. Sanger (Sebring), 

Indiana— $15.40 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: W. Eel River, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mattie Mathews (Upper 

Fall Creek), 

Missouri— $40.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. L. Cummins (Kid- 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 

Virginia— $32.14 

No. Dist., Cong.: Riley ville (Mt. Zion) 
$24.32; S. S.: Rileyville (Mt. Zion) $6.47; 
Vaughn (Mt. Zion) $1.35 

41 50 

200 00 

13 40 

2 00 

5 00 
35 00 

32 14 

Total for the month, $ 329 04 

Total previously reported, 834 41 

Total for the year, $ 1,163 45 

Virginia— $75.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, $25; C. M. 

Total for the month, $ 75 00 

Total previously reported, 814 89 

Total for the year, $ 


Colorado— $45.08 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 

Idaho— $21.27 

Cong.: Bowmont, 

Illinois— $15.81 

So. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Virden, 
Indiana — $50.00 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Cart Creek, 

Permelia Greenwood 
Men's Bible Class, 

E. J. Stauffer (Gre- 
East Wichita,' ......'. 

P. Weaver & 


No. Dist., Cong.: 
(Osceola) $15; S. S. 
First So. Bend, $30, 
Kansas— $54.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: 
Michigan— $2.00 

Indv.: Emma Vernier, 
Ohio— $39.06 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: 
Wife (Lima), 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middletown, $4.06; 
Tithing Volunteer (Ft. Mckinley) $25, .... 
Oregon— $24.00 

S. S.: Evergreen (Myrtle Point) $22; 

Indv.: Emma Blankinship, $2, 

Pennsylvania — $36.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: M. C. B., Fredericks- 
burg (Clover Creek) 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lower Conewago 

W. Dist., S. S.: Bear Run (Connellsville), 
Tennessee — $18.00 

Cong.: E. T. Wine (French Broad), 

Virginia— $32.12 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rileyville (Mt. Zion) 
$24.31; S. S.: Rileyville (Mt. Zion) $6.46; 
Vaughn (Mt. Zion) $1.35, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

45 08 

21 27 

15 81 

5 00 

45 00 

4 00 
50 00 

2 00 

10 00 
29 06 

24 00 

5 00 

1 00 

30 00 

18 00 

32 12 

337 34 
3,908 19 


Total for the' year, $ 4,245 53 

Arizona — $8.00 

Indv.: A Brother & Family of McNeal, . A 
California— $305.18 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterford, 

So. Dist. S. S.'s, 

Florida— $40.00 

Indv.: A. I. Mow, 

Indiana— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mattie Mathews (Upper 

Fall Creek), 

Kansas— $16.67 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: D. H. Gish (Belle- 

Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. F. Clark & Family 

(Washnigton City), 

Pennsylvania— $234.53 

E. Dist., Cong.: Chiques, $31.58; Eliza - 
bethtown, $32.56; S. S.: E. Fairview, $8.45, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $7; Brook- 
lyn, $25; S. S.: Royersford, $111.59, 

W. Dist., S. S.: Plum Creek 

Virginia— $5.15 

E. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Merrimac, 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Little River (Elk Run), 
Washington— $1.50 

S. S.: Miss Wood's Class, Whitestone, ... 
West Virginia— $15.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: G. W. Annon (Bethany) 

Total for the month, $ 678 03 

5 18 

300 00 

40 00 

2 00 

16 67 

50 00 

72 59 

143 59 
18 35 

3 15 
2 00 

1 50 

15 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 1,50151 

Total for the year $ 2,179 54 

Florida— $7.90 

Indv.: J. E. Young, 7 90 

Maryland— $80.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. C. Bixler & Wife (New 
Windsor-Pipe Creek). $40; S. S. : Berean 
Bible Class, Blue Ridge College (Pipe 

Creek) $40, 80 00 

Michigan— $80.00 

S. S.: Onekama, 80 00 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 15 00 

Pennsylvania— $20.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Plum Creek, 20 00 

South Dakota— $12.50 

S. S. : Willow Creek, 12 50 

Virgin ia — $40.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 40 00 

Total for the month, $ 255 40 

Total previously reported, 932 70 

Total for the year, $ 1,188 10 

Illinois— $15.70 

No. Dist., S. S.: Classes 1, 2 and 3, 

Louisa (Waddams Grove) 15 70 

Indiana — $35.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, 35 00 

Ohio— $254)0 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Owl Creek, 25 00 

Minnesota— $25.00 

C. W. S.: Lewiston, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $155.17 

E. Dist., S. S.: West Conestoga, $35; 
Mountville, $27.92; " Other Folks " Class, 
Hatfield, $8.75; Aid Soc: W. Green Tree, 
$17.50, 89 17 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S. : Huntingdon, 7 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Alpha" Class, Carlisle, 25 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 20 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Plum Creek, 14 00 

Texas— $12.50 

S. S. : Manvel 12 50 

Total for the month $ 268 37 

Total previously reported, , 1,252 41 

1,520 78 
12 50 

Correction No. 18, 

Total for the year, $ 1,533 28 

Illinois— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Katherine Boyer (Wad- 
dams Grove) $50; S. S. : Primary Dept., 
Hastings St. Mission (Chicago) $25; Aid 

Soc: Hickory Grove, $25, $ 100 00 

Iowa — $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 

Kingsley 5 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Morrill, 25 00 

Maryland— $175.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave. (Baltimore) 
$100.00; S. S.: Pipe Creek, $25; Edgewood 
(Pipe Creek) $25; Woodberry (Baltimore) 

$25, 175 00 

Nebraska— $13.05 

S. S.: Alvo, 13 05 

North Dakota— $12.50 

S. S. : "Beacon Lights" Class, Minot, .. 12 50 

Ohio— $26.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class, 
Marion, 12 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Sister's Bible Class, 

Beech Grove, 13 50 

Oregon— $12.50 

S. S.: Newberg, $8.80; C. W. S.: New- 
berg, $3.70, 12 50 

Pennsylvania — $339.60 

E Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, $14.60; Amanda 
R. Cassel & Rosa R. Young (Indian Creek) 
$50; J. H. Eshelman & Wife (Elizabeth- 
town) $50, 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Roaring Spring,"!'.!!.'.'! 

W. Dist., S. S.: Women's Adult Bible 
Class, Geiger. $50; Men's Loyal Bible Class, 
Rummel, $100; C. W. S.: Meyersdale, $25, .. 
Wisconsin — $12.50 

Cong.: O. L. Harley (White Rapids) 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, !!!!!! 

114 60 
50 00 

175 00 
12 50 

721 15 
3,803 63 

4,524 78 
12 50 

Correction No. 18, 

Total for the year, $ 4,512 28 

Pennsylvania— $15.00 
E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class, Ephra- 

$ 15 00 


15 00 
65 00 

Total for the month 

Total previously reported, ...!'.!!!!!.!!..'. 

Total for the year, $ ^ 

Pennsylvania— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Everett, 5 00 

5 00 
26 53 

Total for the month, * 

Total previously reported, !!!!.!!!!!!.! 

Total for the year, <t ^1 53 

California— $5.19 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterford, $ 5 19 

Indiana — $12.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Mission Band, 
r Jora, 

So. Dist Cong.: Mattie Mathews '(Upper- 
Fall Creek), 

Kansas — $26.67 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: D. H. Gish (Belle- 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Cooper King'e'ry (Lar- 

Maryland— $52.00 

,x£' £ ist " Co ?.gr.: E. F. Clark & Family 
(Washington City), 

W. Dist., S. S.: Pine Grove, .....'.'!!!!.'.'!! 
Pennsylvania— $224.09 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, 

S. E. Dist.: Cong.: Royersford, $7; S. S.'- 
Royersford, $11.59, 

W. Dist., S. S.: Plum Creek, '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Correction No. 20 

Total for the year, $ 1,464 88 

Ohio— $75.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Dickey (Ashland Dick- 
ey)- $ 75 00 

Total for the month, $ 75 00 

Total previously reported 328 51 

Total for the year, $ 403 51 

Illinois— $87.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $75; S. S.: 
" Stand True & Ready " Class, Woodland, 

$12.50, $ 87 50 

Iowa — $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 
Kingsley .,. 5 00 

10 00 

2 00 

16 67 

10 00 

50 00 
2 00 

101 00 

118 59 
4 50 

$ 319 95 
1,157 43 

1,477 38 
12 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Maryland— $131.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: A. L. B. Martin & Wife 
(Fulton Ave., Baltimore) $50; S. S. : Wood- 
berry (Baltimore) $25; " Mission Study 
Class," Long Green Valley, $6.25; Aid Soc: 

Westminster (Meadow Branch) $50, 131 25 

North Dakota— $25.00 

S. S.: Kenmare, 25 00 

Ohio— $37.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Teacher Training" 
Class, Beech Grove (Chippewa), 25 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Brotherhood Bible" 

Class, Middle District, 12 50 

Virginia— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Mothers" Class, Oak- 
ton (Fairfax), 37 50 

Total for the month, $ 323 75 

Total previously reported, 1,554 39 

1,878 14 
Correction No. 20, 12 50 

Total for the year, $ 1,890 64 

Illinois— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $ 5 00 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Y. P. Class, Bethel 
(Salem), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 00 

Total previously reported, 227 00 

Total for the year, $ 257 00 

California— $90.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: M. F. Brumbaugh 
(Glendora), $60; S. S.: " Berean Bible" 

Class, Glendora, $30, 90 00 

Illinois— $5.00 

Co. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $ 5 00 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Y. P. Class, Bethel 
(Salem), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 120 00 

Total previously reported, 264 19 

Total for the year, $ 384 19 

Illinois— $10.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Two Classes, Mt. Morris, 10 50 

Total for the month, $ 10 50 

Total previously reported, 50 00 

Total for the year, $ 60 50 

Illinois— $1.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Kaskaskia, 1 50 

Indiana— $11.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's 
Class, Middlebury, 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Florida J. E. Green 

(Middletown), 1 00 

Kansas— $32.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Overbrook, 32 50 

Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. F. Clark & Family 

(Washington City), 50 00 

Minnesota— $15.00 

S. S.: Morrill, 15 00 

Ohio— $17.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Beech Grove (Chip- 
(pewa), 10 00 

N. W. Dist.. Cong.: E. H. Rosenberger & 
Wife (Sugar Ridge), 5 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sara Bigler (Oakland), 2 00 

Pennsylvania— $248.59 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Dr. Van Ormer of 
Juniata College (Huntingdon), 25 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $6.26; S. 

S.: Royersford, $112.33; First Philadelphia, 

$75 193 59 

W. Dist., S. S.: Plum Creek, 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 375 59 

Total previously reported, 3,573 27 

Total for the year, $ 3,948 86 

California— $27.79 

No. Dist., S. S.: Laton, $7.50; C. W. S. : 
Figarden Junior, $2.50, $ 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles, $8.52; 
Covina, $5; S. S. : Junior Dept., Covina, 
$4.27, 17 79 

Flcrida— $17.00 

Cong.: Zion, 17 00 

Idaho— $42.22 

Cong.: Payette Valley, $21.50; Nezperce, 

$3.22; S. S.: Clearwater, $17.50, 42 22 

Illnois— $121.53 

No. Dist., Cong.: Union Thanksgiving 
Service, Mt. Morris, $7.07; Rock Creek, $10; 
Mt. Morris, $35.25; Mrs. Lydia Bricknell 
(Rockford) $3; S. S. : Bethany (Chicago) 
$10; " Fellowship " Class, Bethany (Chi- 
cago) $37.66, 102 98 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kaskaskia, $7.55; A. B. 
Gish (Astoria) $10; S. S.: Kaskaskia, $1, .... 18 55 

Indiana— $196.15 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Monticello, $4.11; Two 
Unknown Brothers (Peru) $5; S. S. : Wa- 
bash, Country, $12.25; Indv., Mrs. Elsie 
Finley; A. M. Finley & Wife, 23 36 

No. Dist., Cong.: Plymouth, $13.83; Wa- 
karusa, $20; Middlebury, $10; No. Winona 
Cong. & S. S., $84.70, S. S.: Pleasant Chapel, 
$12.20, 140 73 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Pleasant, $4.41; 
Bryan and Marie Leckrone (Anderson) $1; 

C. W. S. : Four Mile, $26.65, 32 06 

Iowa— $108.63 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $37.35; 
Des Moines, $17.45; C. W. S.: Panther 
Creek Jr., $8.65, 63 45 

No. Dist., Cong.: E. C. Whitmer & Wife 
(Curlew), 2 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Libertyville, $13.28; So. 
Keokuk, $5; English River, $22.90; S. and 

Agnes Schlotman (Council Bluffs) $2, 43 18 

Kansas— $18.74 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Richland Center, $6.40; 
C. W. S. : Abilene, $2.34, 8 74 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Hutchinson, 10 00 

Maryland— $364.86 

E. Dist., Cong.: Baltimore, Fulton Ave., 
$24.75; A Family (Middletown Valley) $20; 
S. S.: Bethany, $128.62; Fulton Ave. (Balti- 
more) $40; Denton, $19.36; Indv.: Walter K. 
Mahan, $3, 235 73 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $45; 
Brownsville, $65; C. W. S. : Maugansville & 
Creek Hill (Broadfording) $19.13, 129 13 

Michigan— $11.32 

Cong.: Vestaburg, $1.15; Sugar Ridge, 

$9.17; Anna Belle Morrison (Zion) $1, 11 32 

Minnesota— $22.45 

Cong.: Root River, 22 45 

Missouri— $1.90 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: D. H. Wampler & 

Wife (Dry Fork), 1 90 

Nebraska— $22.50 

Union Meeting at Bethel, 22 50 

Ohio— $157.14 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mohican, $9.02; Mt. 
Zion, $3.05; Matilda Groff (New Philadel- 
phia) $100 H2 07 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Hickory Grove (Sil- 
ver Creek) $17; Reva Helen McDorman 
(Baker) $1, 18 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Arlington Group (Salem 
& Brookville) $6.15; A Brother & Sister 
(New Carlisle) $2; S. S. : Toms Run (Sugar 

Hill) $18.92, 27 07 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Indv.: Isaac Williams, 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Oregon— $68.52 

Cong.: Newberg, $20; Portland, $15.85; 

Mabel, $32.67, 68 52 

Pennsylvania— $1,009.13 

E. Dist., Cong.: Peach Blossom, $30; 
Elizabethtown, $242.50; Hatfield, $68.50; Lan- 
caster, $25; Maiden Creek, $100; Miss E. M. 
Grosh (Lititz) $10; A Brother (Richland) 
$20; S. S.: Midway, $30; Springville, $23.91; 
Annville. $50, 599 91 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lower Claar, $60; S. S. : 
Queen, $5; Carson Valley, $14.13; " Living 
Links " Class, Lewistown, $10; 28th St., Al- 
toona, $25, 114 13 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Lost Creek, $29.68; S. 
S.: Black Rock (Upper Codorus) $17; Pleas- 
ant View, (Lower Cumberland) $5; Melrose 
(Upper Codorus) $15.75; Cedar Grove 
(Prices Creek) $19.25; "Sunshine Band," 
Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) $15 101 68 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parker Ford, $55.25; 
S. S.: Parker Ford, $62.40; C. E. Soc, Par- 
ker Ford, $5 142 65 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rummell, $32.26; A Sis- 
ter (Somerset) $10; S. S. : Intermediate 
Class, Glade Run, $1.75; Junior Class. Glade 
Run, $1.75; Class No. 8, Beachdale (Berlin) 

$5, 50 76 

Scuth Dakota— $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. J. W. Kirkendall & Mrs. A. 

Boiler, 2 00 

V ; rgin ; a— $88.55 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lower Union (Locust 
Grove) 8 00 

First Dist., Cong.: Green Hill 15 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Daniel Turner (Moun- 
tain Grove-Brocks Gap), $10; S. S. : Pleasant 
Run (Cooks Creek) $12 22 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Monte Vista (Bethle- 
hem) $15.55; S. S.: Union (Bethlehem) $28, 43 55 
Washington— $18.00 

Cong.: Olympia, $13.18; S. S.: Olympia, 

$4.82, 18 00 

West Virginia— $58.53 

First Dist., Cong.: Maple Spring (Eglon), 58 53 

Total for the month $ 2.366 96 

Total previously reported, 4,261 78 

Total for the year, $ 6,628 74 

California— $86.23 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $ 86 23 

Indiana— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Mexico 15 00 

Michigan— $6.25 

Cong. : Onekama, 6 25 

Ohio— $6.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Anna Witwer 
(Greenville), 6 00 

Total for the month, $ 113 48 

Total previously reported, 257 14 

Total for the year, $ 370 62 


Florida— $5.00 

Indv.: J. V. Felthouse & Wife, 5 00 

Kansas— $1.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: John Duggins (Paint 

Creek), 100 

Michigan— $7.57 

S. S.: Thornapple, 7 57 

Ohio— $1.90 

X. W. Dist., Cong.: Esther Kintner 

(Lick Creek) 1 90 

Pennsylvania— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. O. Beaver 

(Burnham), 2 00 

Virginia— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 
son), 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 19 47 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year $ 19 47 

Ill'ncfs— $11.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $ 1100 

Iowa— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: John R. Snavely & Wife 

(Waterloo) 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $68.67 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Spring Creek, $38.67; Aid 
Soc; Hatfield. $10, 48 67 

So. Dist., Indv.: Geo. N. Shenk, 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, 15 00 

Virginia— $9.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Amos N. Miller, 4 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Luray (Mt. Zion), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 98 67 

Total previously reported, 3,635 68 

Total for the year, $ 3,734 35 


Calif crnia— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Virgil & Jennie Fouts 

(Laton) $ 5 00 

Michigan— $5.00 

Indv.: No. 68748, 5 00 

Oklahoma— $4.80 

S. S.: Monitor, 4 80 

West Virginia— $6.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Lloyd Waybright 
& Family (New Creek), 6 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 80 

Total previously reported, 291 79 

Total for the year, $ 312 59 

Illinois— $168.76 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, $ 168 76 

Total for the month, $ 168 76 

Total previously reported, 39 00 

Total for the year, $ 207 76 

Iova— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar, $ 20 00 

Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dst., S. S.: Mrs. A. L. B. Martin's 

Girls' Class, Fulton Ave. (Baltimore), 50 00 

Virginia— $5.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 75 00 

Total previously reported, 3,855 88 

Total for the year, $ 3,930 88 


West Virginia— $23.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $ 23 50 

Total for the month, $ 23 50 

Total previously reported, 8,479 41 

$ 8,502 91 
Correction No. 19, 89 00 

Total for the year, $ 8,413 91 


Arizona— $10.00 

Cong.: Pnoenix, $ 10 00 

California— $245.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, 245 00 

Illinois— $109.50 

No. Dist.. Cong.: Hickory Grove, $20; 
Yellow Creek, $24.50, 44 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cerro Gordo, 65 00 

Indiana — $502.67 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington City, 43 61 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $300; Bremen, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$25; New Paris, $111.50; Ervin Weaver 
(Goshen) $2, 438 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Buck Creek, $15.56; Four 

Mile, $5, 20 56 

Iowa— $25.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley 25 00 

Maryland— $356.82 

E. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, $200; Wash- 
ington City, $156.82, 356 82 

Minnesota— $247.52 

Cong.: Root River, $224.02; S. S.: Lewis- 
ton, $19; " Gallant Workers " Class, Lewis- 
ton, $4.50, 247 52 

Nebraska— $26.25 

Cong.: Omaha, $11.25; Mrs. J. H. Heiny 

(So. Beatrice) $15 .. 26 25 

Ohio— $590.27 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Chippewa, $38; E. 
Chippewa, $73.45; Olivet, $33.80; Woodworth 
Cong. & S. S., $24.51; S. S.: New Philadel- 
phia, $52; Aid Soc: New Philadelphia, $15, 236 76 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $88.46; 
Swan Creek, $62, 150 46 

So. Dist., Cong.: Greenville, $48.79; Poplar 
Grove, $53; W. Charleston, $61.26; W. Mil- 
ton, $40, 203 05 

Pennsylvania— $858.99 

E. Dist., Cong.: Indian Creek, $80.11; C. 
W. S.: Palmyra, $34.34, 114 45 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Artemas, 41 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Huntsdale (Upper Cum- 
berland) $20; Waynesboro, $650, 670 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Elk Lick, $25; Wilpen 

Mission (Ligonier) $8.54, 33 54 

Virginia— $308.14 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $34.01; A. F. Bol- 
linger & Wife (Mt. Carmel), $20, 54 01 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $223.50; 
Elk Run, $20.38; Sangerville, $10.25, 254 13 

Total for the month, $ 3,280 16 

Total previously reported, 37,240 61 

$ 40,520 77 
Correction No. 19, 89 00 

Total for the year, $40,609 77 

Kentucky— $1.00 
Indv.: Mrs. M. E. Ralston, ^ $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 100 

Total previously reported, 227 71 

Total for the year, $ 228 71 

Kansas— $25.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Friendly Helpers" 
Class, Morrill, $ 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported 97 22 

Total for the year, $ 122 22 


California— $1,100.00 

So. Dist., La Verne S. S. & Cong., for E. 
D. Vaniman & Wife and L. A. Blickenstaff 
& Wife, $775, for J. I. Kaylor & Wife, $325, 1,100 00 
Canada— $36.71 

Bow Valley Cong., for F. M. Hollenberg, 36 71 

Idaho and W. Montana— $274.00 

C. W. S.'s, for Anetta C. Mow, 274 00 

Illinois— $136.75 

So. Dist., Individuals & Centennial (Okaw) 

for J. Elmer Wagoner, 136 75 

Indiana— $348.29 

No. Dist., Walnut S. S., for A. T. Hoffert, 
$102; Tippecanoe (country) S. S., for Mary 
Stover, Mary Shaeffer and Minerva Metz- 
ger, $11.45, 113 45 

Mid. Dist., Manchester College S. S., for 
Laura J. Shock, 200 00 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Aid Soc, for Nettie 
B. Summer, 34 84 

Kansas— $84.08 

S. E. Dist., Parsons Cong., $4; Verdigris 
S. S., $22.50; Osage Aid Soc, $10; Osage 
Cong., $15; Mont Ida S. S., $20; Mont Ida 

Cong., $12.58, for Emma H. Eby, 84 08 

Michigan— $20.00 

Battle Creek S. S., for Pearl Bowman, .. 20 00 

Missouri— $83.20 

Mid. Dist., So. Warrensburg S. S., $35; 
Mineral Creek, $8.20; So. Warrensburg 

Cong., $40, for Jennie Mohler, 83 20 

Nebraska— $298.42 

Bethel S. S., for R. C. Flory, $124; Bethel 
Cong., for R. C. Flory, $99.42; S. G. Nickey 
(Haxtun) for Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, $75, .. 298 42 
Ohio— $530.56 

N. E. Dist., S. S.'s, for Goldie Swartz, 
$50; Owl Creek Cong., for Lola Helser, $10; 
Olivet S. S., for A. D. Helser, $15,93; Hart- 
ville Cong., for Anna Brumbaugh, $97.60, 173 53 

So. Dist., Eversole Cong., for J. Homer 
Bright, $225; Painter Creek Cong., for Ve- 
rona Smith, $132.03, 357 03 

Pennsylvania— $667.00 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S., for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $17; New Enterprise 
S. S., for Sarah Replogle, $500, .. 517 00 

So. Dist., Waynesboro Cong., for Lizzie 
Flory, 100 00 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong., for H. Stover 

Kulp, 50 00 

Tennessee— $9.00 

Limestone S. S. : for Anna B. Seese, 9 00 

Virginia— $622.00 

First & So. Dist. S. S.'s, for Rebecca C. 
Wampler, $250; Children of Daleville S. S., 
for Elsie Shickel, $57, 307 00 

Sec. Dist., Elk Run Cong., $14; Elk Run 
Aid Soc, $26, for Sarah Z. Myers; Bridge- 
water S. S., for N. A. Seese, $275, 315 00 

Total for the month, $ 4,210 01 

Total previously reported, 33,676 38 

$ 37,886 39 
Correction No. 16, 5 00 

$ 37,891 39 
Correction No. 17 150 00 

Total for the year, $37,74139 


(Continued from Page 66) 

designated for the General Mission Board. 
The period from March 1 until Annual 
Conference in June is often a period when 
little money is received and it will greatly 
help the work if more contributions can be 
received during this time. 


(Continued from Page 75) 
ing, as well as about twenty minutes of the other 
daily class period. This work is supervised by 
Pastor Chao, while a good part of the teaching is 
done by volunteer workers from here in the city. 
Vacation time for the Chinese New Year is rapidly 
approaching, hence the night school will close down 
for about two months. May these opportunities for 
Christian service be wholly used to God's praise. 

I lilM 




Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 
Bronderslev, Denmark 

• Esbcnsen, Niels, 1920 

• Esbensen, Christine, 1920 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M„ 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1901 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 191f 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language School, 

Pekin, China 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1923 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1*14 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E„ 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora. 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A, 

Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 

Canton, China 
* Gwong, Moy, 1920 
Smith, Albert R., 1923 
Smith, Verona, 1923 

O" Furlough 
Clapper, V. Grace, Hunting- 
don, Pa., care College, 1917 
Hpkcv, Walter J.. J4.« V*n 
Buren St., Chicago, III., 1917 
HHsev, Sue K., 343.S Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111., 1917 
* Native workers trained i 

Miller, Valley, 1919, Port Re- 
public, Va. 

Miller, Valley, 1919 

Oberholtzer, I. E., Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., 1916 

Oberholtzer, Eliz. VV., 

Elizabethtown, Pa., 1916 

Seese, Norman A., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1917. 

Seese, Anna, Bridgewater, 
Va., 1917 
' Schaeffer, Mary, 1917, 505 
Hand Ave., Lancaster, Pa. 

Shock, Laura J., o752 Dor- 
chester Ave., Chicago, 1916 

Wampler, Ernest M., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 

Wampler, Vida A., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 


Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, 
via Jos, Nafada & Biu 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite Schrock 

Helser, A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Kulp, Ruth Royer, 1923 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 

Bilimora, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist, 

Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Effie V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H, 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner. Ellen H., 1919 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Hollenberg, Fred.M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 
n America. 

Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar Thana Dist., India 
iiutterbaugh, Andrew G., 1919 
Hutterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 

fndia UmaIla ' via Anklesvar. 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
i-Jchty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
B ough, J. M., 1903 
Blough Anna Z., 1903 
Onsso, Lillian, 1917 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 

mT w ' Mabel Win * er . 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Rcplogle, Sara G., 1919 
On Furlough 

Ga s r t ner Ri?- *- ^1 N - Prairi « 

M., Batavia, 111., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 164 N 

1916 mC St " Batavia > &•* 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 
, ,f*ve., Altoona, Pa.. 1908 

"Stttt **&»■ 

Mohler, Jennie, Leeton, Mo. 
care of D. L. Mohler, 1916 

Ross, A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

pf I ? r i908 athryn ' Limerick » 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pittenger, Florence B.. 
Pleasant Hill, O., 1904 

"sntt*** Mt - M °'- 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustnal School, Geer, Va. 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver. C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher. F. V . 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


26 R 




There are more reasons than that why you 
should invest in our Annuity Bonds. 

However, the General Mission Board has 
given twenty-six pointed reasons, in a new 
booklet very soon to come off the press, that 
should interest thousands in their Annuity 

besides the " 26 Reasons " gives the history 
of annuities and something of interest about 
wills and other plans of investing in the Lord's 

Ask for a copy. Just a postal card request 
will do. Simply ask for Booklet V234. 

General Mission, goard 




Chuvcltxof the brethren 

^W,\\xv.»x»» % 

Vol. XXVI 

April, 1924 

M©. 4 


Drawn by E!va Barf 









C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man 
Chester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M CULP, Treasurer. 


correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Til 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation, of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, -may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription 
for every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postofnce of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



The Share Plan Opens the Doors 


and let the light of Jesus shine on 
the children of India and China? 

TICAL METHOD whereby Sunday- 
schools and individuals can do mis- 
sionary work and receive regular re- 
ports from the field where their money 
s being used. 

Write for information 


Church of the Brethren 

Elgin, 111. 

• — — ■ m 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVI 

APRIL, 1924 

No. 4 




Shall We Retrench ? By Charles D. Bonsack, 99 

The Church of the Brethren and " Indianapolis," By Galen Russell, 100 

Students of America and the Jesus Way of Life, By Clemmy O. Miller, 100 

Our Responsibility, By W. M. Beahm, 102 

What Missionaries Do the First Year, By Ada Dunning, 104 

China Notes, By Minnie F. Bright, 105 

Worshiping the Tiger God, By H. P. Garner, 106 

The Missionary Standard, Church of the Brethren, 108 

The Shou Yang Boys' School, 112 


Missionary News, 109 

Missionary Catechism, 109 

Nothing to Do (Poem), 110 

Our Book Department, 110 


Cute Sayings of Missionary Children in India, Collected by Ida Shu- 
maker, 114 

By the Evening Lamp, 117 

Things That Happened in India, By Alice K. Ebey, 119 



Ye Are My Witnesses 

When Jesus left this earth he had only 
a few followers as a result of the three 
short years of his ministry. He had lived 
and died to save a world that was lost in 
sin. How were the lost to know him? But, 
ah ! He had a plan. 

" And I, if I be lifted up, will draw all 
men unto me." 

The last and greatest command which 
Jesus gave to his followers was " Go ye !" 
" Ye are my witnesses." In those words lay 
the plan whereby you and I know the 
Savior, who died that we might live. 

Friends, if his saving grace has lasted 
two thousand years, no less does his com- 
mand mean me, mean you. Jesus left us 

no orders, no work to do, other than to wit- 
ness for him. Are we obeying orders? 

Many object to foreign missions, because 
there is so much work to do at home. All 
too true ! But I believe that if every Chris- 
tian were obeying orders, there would not 
be sixty million people in the United States 
who are not followers of Christ. Perhaps 
if you in your small corner were lifting up 
the Christ who saved you, the so-called 
heathen nations would not need to look with 
scorn upon the non-Christianity of a so- 
called Christian nation. 

Let us search our lives. Am I where God 
wants me? Are you? Am I living the 
Christ life? Are you? Have I wholly sur- 
rendered my life, my talents, my money to 


The Missionary Visitor 


the cause of Christ? Have you done so? 
"Ye are my witnesses." — Lucile Gibson. 

What Then? 

Ten months ago the whole Brotherhood 
was shocked by the report that the fine 
group of people, who were approved by the 
Calgary Conference, must be detained, and 
that the whole missionary program must be 
cut in every possible way. Disappointed, 
but assured that God would work his way 
with them, the appointees placed themselves 
wherever it seemed best; the Mission Board 
sent a stirring appeal to you and to me. 
We said in our hearts "We will not fail." 

With the tremendous effort made in this 
mission emergency we have brought up the 
cash received column to $231,281.85. What 
does this mean to you? To me it means 
that the Church of the Brethren has raised 
52.2 per cent of the 1923 budget. We have 
done about half of the work we set out to 
do. By cutting the program as much as 
possible, we had, Dec. 31, 1923, a deficit of 
$20,359.83. By the time you read this I trust 
that this deficit has been erased. 

But, according to Webster, an emergency 
is a sudden occasion. At all events, it does 
not last forever. The emergency idea is 
going to get old. What then? 

Have we any less responsibility for the 
souls of Africa than has Helser? True, not 
all of us should go to Africa, but that does 
not shift our responsibility. It is for us to 
share the task equally with the missionaries. 
The missionaries live upon a minimum sup- 
port and ask no more. Away from home, 
friends, and Christian environment, they are 
giving their lives in the service, and count 
it a privilege to do so. Are you satisfied 
with doing less? 

Everywhere, students who feel that God 
is calling them into definite Christian 
service ask, " Does the Church of the Breth- 
ren need us?" Christian friends, how shall 
they go except they be sent? 

Are you doing what Christ would have 
you do? — Lucile Gibson. 

Missionary Education in the Curricula 

Missionary education is a complex process. 
It is more than reading a book, telling a 
story, or joining a mission-study class. It 

deals with life impulses, attitude, ideals, 
breadth of knowledge and experience. Our 
missionary training should produce a mis- 
sionary church, developed in those quali- 
ties of Christian character which function 
normally in everyday living. We have not 
succeeded in missionary educational work 
until it has become a practical thing with 
the church and the individual. It includes 
certainly an intelligent endeavor for India, 
also a keen, active interest from six-year- 
old Mary for the little girl across the street, 
and for all the relationships of life between 
these two extremes. I have often wished 
for some measuring stick to determine the 
behavior of folks attending our church 
schools, for such would be more valuable 
than the secretary's report, telling how 
many were present on a given Sunday and 
the examination of the teacher to deter- 
mine how many questions out of ten the 
pupil can answer correctly. Indeed, per- 
haps our greatest weakness has been the 
pouring out of academic knowledge without 
an equal insistence on a corresponding re- 
action of Christian conduct. 

Let us Pray for the Health of Our Work- 
ers. — We are entreated earnestly by the 
workers on all fields to pray for them. As 
this is written a letter has just come from 
Brother L. A. Blickenstaff stating that his 
wife is not well and that she has been sent 
to Calcutta to the school for tropical 
diseases with the hope that the cause of her 
illness may be located. He also reports that 
Sister Lillian Grisso is on board a ship re- 
turning to America on account of sickness. 
Word from Africa reports that Sister Kulp 
has just passed through a serious illness. 
Sister Valley Miller recently returned from 
China because of disease. Our workers are 
faced with a climate to which their bodies 
are not accustomed. 

The home church can bring to pass great 
results if we will tune in with God and plead 
for the health of these workers. It is not 
only what God will do in ways we do not 
understand but we know the workers will 
be encouraged if they can feel us solidly 
back of them. An encouraged worker is 
not so susceptible to sickness as a discour- 
aged one. 

Aprj 1 The Missionary Visitor °9 


General Secretary of the General Mission Board 

5T was our earnest hope to close the year in our mission work without a deficit. 
We are disappointed. At the opening of the fiscal year, March 1 , the deficit 
was $16,818.81. Perhaps this has been the first time in our mission history 
that we begin the work with a deficit ! It is well now for us to face the fact that this 
amount must be added to any amount that we can raise during the coming year for 
our work at home and in foreign fields. 

But the deficits are not without some blessing. They help us to turn from our 
weakness to God's power. Some folks can only pray in extremities. They help us 
to discover more efficient methods of using what little we have. Many a successful 
life was born out of circumstances of travail. They help us also to remember that 
the foundation of our work is not finances, but faith in the Living God. Let us 
trust also that this deficit may help us to search our own hearts for while the work 
needs funds, it is evident that a deeper passion for the things of the Spirit is likely 
the real need. 

If money is more important than missions, and gold more vital than God, we 
should retrench and speedily close our mission work! By so doing, the church could 
save more than $300,000.00! Of course it will mean closing the mission schools 
and sending thousands of boys and girls back to sin and heathen darkness! It 
would mean closing hospitals and letting hundreds die! It would mean taking the 
hope of heaven and eternal life from thousands to go back into darkness and death! 
It would mean our own indictment before God, too! Would we want to save the 
money at such a cost? God forbid! The very thought of it is too terrible to dwell 
upon — we will not retrench! 

With first thought we all feel that a little more money saved from the many 
needs of the church would help us, but would it? Of course not. We are spending 
now too much time, money and thought in selfish enjoyment and not enough in faith 
and friendship ; not enough in piety and peace ; not enough for mercy and missions ! 
It is the presence of God; the forgiveness of Jesus and the things of the Spirit that 
fill life with joy and power. Our luxuries are already robbing us of vision and 
passion. The vital Christian life for ourselves and the progress of the church at home 
demand that we must not retrench ! 

Then how ashamed we would be before God if we failed at this hour! If we 
saved fifty cents on one meal a week in every Brethren home and gave it to missions, 
we could double our present program ! One-tenth of what the church pays to operate 
our automobiles (to say nothing of their first cost) each year would almost double 
the program! One-tenth of our incomes, which the Bible suggests, and hundreds 
have tried to their joy, would multiply the possibilities of our work so much that it 
would take ten years to catch up to them likely! The revenue stamps on the deed 
for the site of the new Union Station in Chicago would equal the amount of our 
present giving, we are told ! Our expenditures forbid that we retrench. 

No, it is not less that we should undertake, but more! We need a new 
consciousness of the personal Christ, of the immanence of God, and a new sense of 
the importance of vital Christianity. Let us pray for the passion that believes the 
Word of God, and puts our feet on solid ground, where we may breathe the life of 
the Spirit who will send us forth to serve, to conquer! 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Church of the Brethren and " Indianapolis " 


AMONG those 6,000 "students and leaders 
at the Indianapolis Convention it is 
reported that there were 112 mem- 
bers of the Church of the Brethren ; also, 
that this is the largest proportionate dele- 
gation from any church represented there. 
The number is encouraging. 

Out of the convention discussion groups 
came two burning issues — Race Problems 
and War. The whole vast assembly were 
seriously concerned regarding these two 
great problems in our country. When we 
think of the ideals and policies of our 
church we find that years ago we settled 
these problems as relating to ourselves. 


Why? Because it is a part of our religion. 
Therefore the Church of the Brethren, along 
with the " Friends " and similar denomina- 
tions, has a contribution to make to the 
world. Now is the time ! 

War cannot be abolished merely by wish- 
ing. Good will, right dealings and mutual 
confidence must be developed among na- 
tions. As a church we dare not remain 
passive regarding these issues. Let us roll 
up our sleeves and, with the zeal of Paul 
and the aid of the Holy Spirit, proclaim 
Christ's message to the world. We cannot 
slow down the missionary program of our 

Students of America and the Jesus Way of Life 


FOUR years ago the students of Ameri- 
ca met in the great Des Moines Con- 
vention, following the conclusion of 
the most terrific war the world has ever ex- 
perienced. There were still in their minds 
the memories of the willingness of youth to 
sacrifice life and the courage with which 
they went out to suffer, that right, as they 
saw it, might prevail. Not only was the 
world in which they met, war torn and war 
tired, but there still existed war hates and 
war illusions as remnants of war propa- 
ganda. They joyfully faced the days of re- 
construction, little realizing the complexity 
of the task. With great anticipation they 
had arrived at the day when a new order 
was to be ushered in. They were conscious 
that the church had stooped to bless an un- 
christian institution, but they were con- 
vinced that the new order would be suffi- 
cient justification for the questionable act. 
They faced with pleasure the few years 
necessary for reconstruction, and gladly 
looked forward to the world a few years in 
advance as more nearly perfect than the one 
previous to the world war. 

The Indianapolis Convention met in the 
same world, but one wiser for its expe- 
riences. Though five years removed from 
the war, it was still a war-torn world and 
the task of reconstruction was woefully in- 
complete. The new world order which 
came in was strangely different from the 

one they had expected. It consisted rather 
of a bolshevistic Russia, a starving Austria, 
a bankrupt Germany, a vindictive France, a 
selfish England and a credulous America, 
with a nonchristian world looking on, won- 
dering wherein was manifested the trans- 
forming and uplifting influence of the beau- 
tiful love of the Christ. They were con- 
scious of the illusions of war propaganda 
and the blasting effect on society of war 
hatreds. This convention, like that at Des 
Moines, was appreciative of the great spirit 
of unselfish sacrifice so manifest in the war, 
but the results called in question the worth- 
whileness of those sacrifices. War, as a 
means of settling international disputes, 
looked quite different after a five-year at- 
tempt at reconstruction. 

With the past five years of experience as 
a background, the students of America set 
themselves to the task of attempting to 
think through, to a more or less satisfactory 
conclusion, the problems that are facing the 
world. They were glad for this privilege, 
for it is their world and their generation 
which are concerned. 

The thought of the convention centered 
around the great world problems, Interna- 
tionalism and the Christian Way of Life, 
Youth and Renaissance Movements, Eco- 
nomic Problems and the Christian Ideal, 
and Racial Relationships and the Christian 
Ideal. In addition to having these problems 


The Missionary Visitor 


presented from the platform, the convention 
was permitted to express itself on these 
great issues. This was accomplished through 
the organization of forty-nine parallel dis- 
cussion groups of students. Three half 
days of the convention were set apart for 
these discussions. Their significance did 
not lie in the great wealth of facts that were 
presented, nor the conclusions arrived at, 
for it was plainly evident that the students 
were not acquainted with the intricacies of 
the world problems and consequently could 
arrive at no authoritative conclusion. But 
the significance did lie in the great eager- 
ness of the students to face world problems 
as best they could with the facts that they 
had at hand, and to view these problems in 
relation to the Jesus way of life. 

Each discussion group chose its own ques- 
tions for discussion. Four-fifths of the 
groups selected the same two questions, 
which were Race Relationships and the 
Christian Ideal and Internationalism, with 
war as the main issue. This choice was 
made out of a desire to face questions which 
were pertinent and vital to our national and 
Christian life. 

The frankness which characterized the 
discussion of race relationships is worthy of 
the highest admiration. Southern students, 
who were born, reared, and educated in the 
old slave States, made out their case against 
the negro as they knew him. Northern stu- 
dents, less interested in the perpetuation of 
a race prejudice and an economic condition 
incident to a previous condition of slavery. 
were possibly more tolerant in their view- 
point, even though the North was the original 
home of the race riots. The negroes stated 
their cases against both the North and 
South with equal candor. Attitudes ex- 
pressed varied from rank morbidity to the 
finest Christian spirit. Undoubtedly race 
riots have started over matters of less sig- 
nificance than some which were expressed 
in these discussions. 

There was no doubt in the minds of the 
students assembled that the race question is 
a vital issue in our national life. Even 
aside from that, the inconsistency of our 
present race relationships and Christ's 
teaching on the brotherhood of man, made 
the question an urgent one. Especially since 
this was a great missionary convention, it 

was imperative that they ascertain whether 
or not America is sufficiently Christian to 
justify their efforts to propagate the Chris- 
tian religion. Students, regardless of past 
prejudices, faced Christ's teaching on the 
brotherhood of men. It constituted a revo- 
lution in the thinking of many, but they 
changed their attitudes and fearlessly re- 
turned to their campuses, to make their fel- 
low-students face the same problems which 
they had faced. 

There was a twofold significance to this 
discussion. In the first place, the student 
leaders of America learned that they could 
meet those holding antipodal views, frank- 
ly discuss the issue involved, and arrive at a 
satisfactory conclusion. In the second place, 
they found that the Jesus way of life was 
just as applicable to the problems of their 
generation as it was to the problems of the 
past generation. 

The second question, that of war, was 
discussed with equal interest. Five years of 
reconstruction had unquestionably proved 
the futility of settling international dis- 
putes by means of war, and had proved the 
complexity of the effects of war. The four 
attitudes toward war expressed in the dis- 
cussion were as follows : 1. Preparedness. 
2. Doing all possible to avoid war, but will- 
ing to fight as a last resort. 3. Establish- 
ment of an international organization to 
settle all international disputes without war. 
4. Refusal to fight in the event of another 
war. The attitude of the convention on this 
question was obtained by taking a vote. 
The convention was overwhelmingly in favor 
of the third attitude ; a lesser number fa- 
vored the second; while not an inconsider- 
able number held to the first and fourth 
attitudes. In this way the convention stated 
itself as being opposed to war. This attitude 
arose out of a conviction that the future 
progress of the world was dependent up- 
on its acceptance of the Christian ideal as 
its ideal, and that war had proved itself in 
opposition to the Christian ideal. 

While time did not permit the economic 
problems of the world and the youth move- 
ments to be singled out for discussion, yet in 
the minds of the students they were related 
to the Christian way of life, with the same 
zeal that the other problems were. 

Out of this convention has come a new 


The Missionary Visitor 


nationalism and a new internationalism in 
the student leadership of America: A new 
nationalism, in that they become more 
conscious of the national problems and the 
means, the Jesus way of life, upon which 
can be built a new nationalism; a new inter- 
nationalism, in that they became more con- 
scious that each race and nation has its con- 
tribution to make to the civilization of the 
world, that it will be incomplete without the 
contributions of all, and that the progress of 
the world will best be fostered by the co- 

operation of all nations; a new internation- 
alism, in that they became more conscious 
of the part which America, as a Christian 
nation, can play in the society of nations. 
Also, out of this convention has come the 
consciousness of a leadership of this student 
generation, as adequate for the needs of 
this generation, when called upon, as was 
the leadership of the past generation, and 
one that is just as convinced that the Jesus 
way of life is the best foundation upon 
which to build the future world order. 

Our Responsibility 


Under Appointment to Africa, Now a Traveling Secretary for the Student 

Volunteer Movement 

IT has been remarked that the Church of 
the Brethren had more delegates per 
membership at Indianapolis than any 
other church. We had about one delegate 
for every thousand of our membership, and 
one of every sixty delegates was a member 
of our church. This means three things : 
We are interested in education, religion, 
and foreign missions. 

Out of our privilege of the convention 
some specific responsibilities accrue. 

1. Right Relation Between Old and Young. 
— This is a perennial problem. But it is 
particularly so when our church, with its 
traditions of substantial parental authority, 
finds itself in a time when the revolt of 
youth seems to be the summum bonum of 
life. This is accentuated by the fact that 
our generation has been given greater ed- 
ucational privileges than the former one. 

It is altogether natural for some to make 
a wistful plea for the good old days, while 
others strain at the bit for more freedom. 
But it does seem to me that the traditional 
family fellowship should here assert itself 
and leap over the mere matter of age or 
educational privilege. Or shall I say that 
the common purpose of the older genera- 
tion and ours, of making Jesus Christ reg- 
nant in the world should be so deep and 
abiding that it will reach under our dif- 
ferences of privilege and outlook and knit 

us together, so that even fathers and sons 
be Brethren? 

The tremendous work we face surely 
needs all the experience, faith and solidarity 
of the older, coupled with the idealism, self- 
giving and dash of the younger. 

2. Right Relation to Other Churches.— 
Many folks think that true church loyalty 
demands a disparagement of others. And 
it has been all too easy to rejoice more over 
one Methodist who joins us than over 
ninety and nine sinners who never knew 
their Lord. Now there is real pith to the 
statement that we should be infinitely more 
concerned in making Brethren Christians 
than in making Christians Brethren. And 
to build a fence around our religion would 
shut out more than we enclose. 

But this does not minimize our contri- 
bution one whit. No church has a better 
fitness for giving the world our ideals of 
fellowship, simplicity, temperance, peace 
and loyalty to Christ. 

True church loyalty is not incompatible 
with generosity towards others who cast 
out demons in His name, yet who follow 
not us. There is real need for cooperation, 
or else it will take millenniums and millen- 
iums for the world to be saved. And the 
happy relations which can obtain between 
loyal churches were reemphasized at In- 


The Missionary Visitor 


3. Our Place in Religious Leadership. — 

If anything was clear at the convention it 
was that the supreme needs of the world are 
spiritual. The whole program of helpful- 
ness carried on by the Christian church has 
sprung from religious motives. Moreover, 
unless we undergird our present-day serv- 
ices to the world with abiding Christian 
motives they will be both futile and short- 
lived. In fact, the most distinctive social 
service we can render mankind is to link it 
rightly with God. Evangelism is not a cheap, 
highly-volatile, will-o'-the-wisp. It is bring- 
ing the life of God right down into the life of 
man. And by life of man I mean not his 
mere bread earning and shelter, but the very 
life of his soul, which demands, urgently, 
fellowship with God. 

I am merely trying to say that, even 
though there is infinite opportunity for us 
to impress the world as happy folk, going 
about our work in religious joy, I believe 
we could boost our world a great deal 
farther if we could raise up an increasing 
number of men and women set aflame with 
the very passion of Christ. Why ought we 
not to specialize in prophets of God — men 
who will turn the world upside down by 
their insight into God's meanings and their 
passion for his will I If Christ could take a 
group of Galilean fishermen, and with them 
stir the Roman world, what could he not do 
with the sons of our simple rural homes ! 

If our church cannot produce more real 
voices of God, then our boasted religious 
life is either a farce or has lost its full fruit. 

4. Relation to Foreign Missions. — Indian- 
apolis was a foreign-mission convention. 
And surely our presence there does not 
lessen our responsibility to that enterprise. 
This is no day for us to grow cautious and 
calculating about such work. Rather should 
there be a buoyancy about our purpose 
which would wipe out budget deficits and 
increase in strength. 

We are raising our standards of living 
and our wants too obviously to be saying 
much about a saturation point in foreign 
missions. And if many of our pulpits go 
empty because of a rush overseas, that is 
no call for overseas retrenchment. Rather 
is it a call for some of our school-teachers, 
bankers, and farmers to stir up the gift 
within them and use it to the full. I sub- 

mit, that there is a difference in consecra- 
tion between vocations and in locations. 
That is, for some people. And if I belong in 
Africa I am manifestly dodging God's high- 
est will for me if I try my best in Muncie, 
or Johnstown, or Fresno. And if I belong 
in the pulpit, I am missing my highest, even 
though I succeed marvelously at beekeeping. 
Let there therefore be no diminution in our 
foreign program. 

It looks odd — does it not? — for a church, 
boasting of two centuries of nonparticipa- 
tion in brutal ways of settling international 
disputes, to sidestep in the least detail its 
opportunity for creating international good 
will by bringing the message of Christ to 
the heart of other nations. 

Shall we not drink afresh at the very 
fountains of God's meaning for men through 
Christ? If we once get that in a vital way 
we'll burst the barriers of our hesitancy and 
calculating spirit and refresh the world. 

And our large percentage at Indianapolis 
will be an explanation — not a mere statistic. 


Mary S. Shull 
January is a month when our evangelistic mis- 
sionaries spend much time out in the villages. 

Bro. Bloughs spent almost two weeks touring 
in the District. They report good meetings, but 
the day before their return Sister Blough was taken 
down with high fever. She is now at Bulsar under 
the doctor's care. 


When Bro. Ebeys returned from their short va- 
cation at Anklesvar they at once went out in the 
villages around Ahwa. Their being delayed makes 
their stay at each place quite short. 

Bro. Butterbaugh and Bro. Alley are out in the 
southern end of our field. 

Bro. D. J. Lichty and Bro. Alley spent a few 
days at Ahwa in committee work. Sister Alley and 
the children also came with them. Visitors at Ahwa 
are so few that they deserve special mention. 

Feb. 2 Roy Delbert Kaylor was given a hearty 
welcome by his parents, Brother and Sister J. I. 
Kaylor— and the entire mission family as well. 


Bro. Hollenberg and family have gone to Rajpur, 
at the foot of the Himalayas. When it gets warmer 
they will go up to Landour. It is hoped that this 
will prove beneficial to Bro. Hollenberg's health. 

(Continued on Page 128) 


The Missionary Visitor 


What Missionaries Do the First Year 


AS the new missionary arrives at the 
port in China he is immediately con- 
fronted with the foreigner's ever- 
present handicap — the inability to under- 
stand or be understood. And as he pro- 
ceeds he meets that handicap repeatedly, 
until he begins to wonder if, after all, he 
will ever be able to do anything in this 
strange and wonderful country. 

A large number of the missionaries that 
now come to North China are permitted to 
spend their first year of study in Peking. 
Their first and 
main task as a 
newcomer in 
China is to get 
a working 
knowledge of 
the language 
and as much 
of an insight 
into the Chi- 
nese life as 

But the stu- 
dent, as he 
takes up his 
new work, 
need not, or 
really is not, 
allowed to ex- 
cuse himself 

from active work because he cannot speak 
the language. Many calls come to the 
Language School every year for those who 
can give a couple of hours each week to 
help in different forms of mission and 
social service. Most of the students respond 
to the one of these calls that most appeals 
to him or her. Thus the first active mis- 
sion work, though usually not so termed, 
is entered into by the new recruit. 

The language students of the year 1922- 
1923 were not slackers when it came to 
answering the calls. A survey in the spring 
showed that more than a hundred students 
were giving over two hours a week on the 
average to this form of service. The largest 
number of calls coming from anyone line 
were for English teachers. Classes for the 
study of English were formed in both the 

An English Class of Chinese Girls at the Y. W. C. A., Taught 
by Sister Baker 

Y. W. and Y. M. C. A., as well as in the 
various mission schools and other organi- 
zations. Teachers were in demand for 
Bible classes for the National University 
students and others. A large number of the 
students were able to help in Sunday- 
schools. Besides these there were those 
who helped various schools, as physical and 
athletic directors. Others taught classes 
in music, history, mathematics, cooking and 
sewing in different parts of the city. The 
doctors and nurses were in demand at the 

various clinics 
of the day. 

All of these 
classes that 
were c o n- 
ducted, though 
they were pri- 
marily for the 
help of the 
Chinese, were 
definite ave- 
nues of ap- 
proach to the 
Chinese life 
and mind for 
the teacher. 
The more the 
mission ary 
can associate 
with and un- 
derstand the Chinese mind the bigger will 
be his opportunity to convey to the people 
the real message that brought him to China. 
Chinese customs are so very different from 
anything the foreigner has ever been used 
to that these invitations to help the natives 
to what little he himself may have been 
able to learn have been real opportunities 
for the missionary who has recently arrived 
in China. 

If he has not learned it before, the stu- 
dent in language school soon learns that he 
is not through giving when he has given 
his life. Many appeals for charity come to 
the school. After careful consideration, the 
students of '22-'23 appointed a committee to 
make a list of the organizations worthy of 
our support and estimate what percentage 
of a philanthropy fund should go to each. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The report of the committee was followed 
by a drive, which resulted in a fund 
amounting to $2,386 (Mexican). Both the 
givers and the recipients of the philanthro- 
py fund feel that the general fund plan was 
more fruitful than haphazard giving. In 
addition to this the school contributed $1,- 
700 toward the Peking Union Church build- 
ing fund. 

The new worker is not expected to do 
much mission work the first year, except, 
of course, to live a life worthy of a repre- 
sentative of Christ. But the many small 
services carried on each year by the lan- 
guage school students prove that if the mis- 
sionary is eager to be doing something for 
others' he need not wait until he has mas- 
tered the language. Jesus, the first and 
greatest Missionary, did not enter actively 
into his life work until his preparation was 
complete, but he did not wait until his 
preparation was done before he began to 
be of service to his fellow-man. 

North China Language School. 
& -J* 

Minnie F. Bright 
Early in January Miss Ullom went to Shou Yang 
to take up the work left by Miss Schaeffer and 
Miss Miller. We were very sorry to have her leave 
Ping Ting, and the women among whom she worked 
were very sad. She has taken over the work of 
the Woman's Bible School left by Miss Schaeffer; 
also the supervision of the Girls' School left by 
Miss Miller. Miss Horning is taking the work left 
by Miss Ullom, in addition to her city and country 
work — a task far too large for any one. This shift- 
ing of work and workers has been necessary be- 
cause of the illness of Miss Miller, whose speedy 
return to America was necessary. Miss Schaeffer 
went a few months earlier than her regular furlough 
in order to accompany Miss Miller. We regret 
much to lose our faithful workers. 

Dr. Coffman has been granted a three months' 
leave from the station for special study at the Peking 
Union Medical College in Peking. He received a 
scholarship, which reduces his expenses to a mini- 
mum. We are happy for this opportunity of special 
work in the greatest hospital in the Orient. 

Mrs. Coffman and Miss Baker are attending the 
Nurses' Convention for all China at Canton. This 
is the first time the convention has been so far 
south. »g 

Dr. Horning and his hospital staff are pushing a 
vigorous campaign among the Chinese of the Liao 
district, to raise money to buy an X-ray for the 
hospital. The Chinese realize the need and are re- 
sponding liberally. Some of the Chinese workers 
are pledging a month's salary. Officials of three 

counties are pledging support. A special committee 
interviewed the governor of the province in behalf 
of the X-ray and he, too, has promised assistance. 
Six thousand dollars (Mex.) is needed to purchase 
the X-ray and its attachments. 

The missionaries of Liao are hoping to raise 
enough money among themselves to buy the needed 
electric plant. No little sacrifice is being made by 
both the Chinese and missionaries to secure these 
additions. g 

Dr. and Mrs. Horning are rejoicing in the arrival 
of a little daughter, Miriam Elizabeth, on Jan. 22. 

Misses Horning, Dunning and Ullom are attend- 
ing a " Retreat " at Taiku, our nearest mission 
neighbors. This conference has been termed " Re- 
treat," and here will gather a goodly number of 
women evangelists from North China to discuss 
various problems and phases of their work and plan 
for larger and more effectual work among the 
women. An important feature of the meeting will 
be intercession and prayer. This " Retreat " is the 
first in Shansi and will bring its blessings to these 
needy women. g 

Jan. 28 was little Miss Haven Crumpacker's first 
birthday. She invited all the station family to her 
lovely party at 4 P. Iff. She was full of joy and 
sunshine. ,jZ 

The evangelistic departments are busy making 
plans for evangelistic week. It immediately follows 
the Chinese New Year, or around Feb. 6. Many 
Christian bands will go to the villages, far and near, 
testifying of the Christ. 


Bro. Yin, who recently graduated from the Shan- 
tung Christian University, receiving his D. D., has 
returned to us, again to take up his work as pastor 
at Ping Ting. We are very happy to have him 
with us again after his long absence. 

The winter has been exceedingly dry and mild. 
The people wish much for snow, as it would mean 
much to the wheat, and sickness would be less. 
Today a party of hunters went to the mountains 
to find the coveted game. These nimrods numbered 
about ten, and came from Chinan Fu, Peking, Pao 
Ting Fu, and Taiku. Several of our men accompanied 
these friends. It is the time of a few days' vaca- 
tion, as practically all work comes to a standstill 
as the Chinese New Year approaches. All schools 
will be closed, too, within a few days, and again 
open in about three weeks. 

The industrial work among some of the poor 
women at Ping Ting is proving a real blessing in- 
deed. How grateful these women are for the work 
we are able to give them, and this is made possible 
through sympathetic friends who are glad to buy 
what they make. It is the only work of the misii'/i 
which is self- supporting. 

Jan. 30. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Worshiping the Tiger God 


Missionary to India 

AS in the days of Paul, so in these 
days in India there are images to 
every known god, and then a few 
extra. One of my latest experiences has 
been to become better acquainted with the 
tiger god and the yearly ceremony in con- 
nection with its worship. And I think the 
most of all that impressed me was the 
sincerity of the older men in their worship 
and their faith in their god to protect them 
if they did their part well. 

We arrived in the village of Borsheti about 
4 : 30 P. M. We heard the sound of the 
tom-toms, or drums, but thought nothing es- 
pecially about that. But upon making in- 
quiry for the patel of the village, we were 
told, "He is doing god's work." We told 
them it was quite all right, that we would 
not require his services at once, and we did 
not want to disturb him in his worship. The 
beating of the drums kept up late into the 
night and began again with the first crow 
of the cock in the morning. 

After meeting some of the village people 
we made inquiry as to what the music 
meant. They told us that it was in con- 
nection with their yearly tiger god worship, 
and that today was the big day of the cere- 
mony. We asked if there would be any ob- 
jections to our coming and seeing the cere- 
mony. They said, "No, we will send a man 
to call you and show you where it will be 
when it is time." About 10 A. M. we were 
called and guided by one of the men (all 
women were excluded) to the village god. 
The gods were only two rude planks, with 
still ruder figures of what was supposed to 
be a tiger carved on them. These were 
planted in the ground and stood up about 
two and a half feet. The figure of the 
tiger had been freshly smeared with red 
ochre, and so had also several stones in 
front and about the idols. 

A piece of matting was spread, and my 
evangelist and I were seated within ten or 
twelve feet of the idol. All preparations hav- 
ing been completed, the real services began. 
Six men, having had special baths and gone 

through with their cleansing process, were 
seated in a semicircle in front of the idols. 
Just back of them to their right sat three 
men with drums. They furnished the music 
and did the singing. One of these three 
men would mention the name of one of their 
gods and then all three would join in a 
little verse of rhyme. Then a second name 
was mentioned, and a third, and so on until 
I think there were several dozen of their 
gods mentioned. 

To the left, and just a little back of the six 
men in the semicircle, sat the priest, who kept 
shouting a great deal of the time — some- 
times at the singers, sometimes at the six in 
front, and sometimes calling on the gods. 
Presently the one of the six, who was sitting 
at the left side, began to tremble and shake. 
Then it seemed as though his muscles were 
set, somewhat like a person having a fit. 
They said that the god was coming into 
his body. Soon the second, and then in 
order the third, and unto the sixth, all be- 
came possessed. They went through a 
number of different performances, jumping 
up and down and twisting around, and 
then became quiet. All the time the priest 
kept shouting. 

Near by us a goat had been fastened. At 
another place several chickens were tied. 
A small bowl of water had been placed in 
front of the six, and they dropped rice into 
the water. If the rice came up and swam 
on top, there would be happiness in the 
village the coming year. But if it stayed at 
the bottom, then trouble was ahead. The 
old man who was our interpreter of their 
ceremony was just as sure that it worked as 
some of our parents were that certain things 
done in certain signs of the zodiac would 
bring certain good results. 

Next, a young man took a sickle, and hold- 
ing it between his feet and taking a chicken, 
head in one hand and the back in the 
other, cut the chicken through the middle 
of the back. He let the blood drip on 
several leaves which he had spread on the 
ground. He then threw the chicken aside, 


The Missionary Visitor 


and picking up and folding the leaves con- 
taining the blood, started to run in a circle 
around the gods and men seated in front 
of them. A number of the other young boys 
followed him and they in unison yelled 
"Wag, Wag," meaning "Tiger, Tiger." 

The father of the patel then came over 
and asked us if we would move, as they 
wanted to kill the goat. He said, " This is 
the place where my father and grandfather 
always killed the goat, and we want to kill 
it on this spot, too." We were given a seat 
directly behind the gods, as we wanted a 
shady spot, the sun being rather warm at 

The goat, a nice fat male, was brought 
forward to the spot where we were sitting, 
and the same young man who had killed the 
chicken now came up with the sickle to kill 
the goat. The rule is that the head should 
be cut off with one stroke of the sickle. 
But the goat moved and it required three 
strokes. Leaving the goat to die the priest 
called for a second chicken and it was killed. 
They asked for a third, and they did not 
have it. Some seemed to think that there 
had been three killed and others thought 
not. Then there was a little quarrel as to 
whose chicken had been killed and whose 
not. But this was soon ended by the com- 
ing of a young man who had been sent a 
half mile or so across the field for the 
third chicken. The third chicken was killed, 
and that completed the chief part of the 
ceremony for the gods. 

The leader of the six, and then the others 
following him, got up and walked around 
with his two hands joined, and with the 
fingers touched the tips of the fingers of all 
the older men. Following this the goat was 
taken and thrown on a pile of brush, grass 
and wood, which was lighted. This process 
served two purposes : One was to remove 
the hair and the other to make the skin 
tender and roast it, as the skin, too, must 
be eaten on this occasion. The chickens 
also were put through the same process. 
Later both were cooked properly, and flav- 
ored with the peppers and spices after the 
natives' manner of cooking. This, with rice, 
furnished a feast for them in the even- 
ing. The men ate together under several 
large mango trees near our tent, but the 
women ate at home. 

It would now be a question as to what 
portion to send to a house, but there was no 
trouble. Then the contributions were given 
in the proportion to which they had given. 
Each family was assessed according to its 
wealth. A man that owned a plow and 
yoke of oxen had to contribute six annas; 
if he had two plows, twelve, and so on. If 
he did not have a plow, but was only a 
carter, he had to give four annas. If he 
was a servant and had neither plow, cart, 
nor oxen, he had to give two annas, and 
the very poor came in for one anna. The 
eating of the meal then ended the feast for 
the year. 

The whole thing reminded me somewhat 
of the " Harvest Meetings " that we have 
at home in America. It comes at the close 
of the harvest season, after the grain has 
been gathered. Each one had brought also 
a bundle of rice as a gift to the god. And 
after the ceremony was completed each was 
given a little bunch to carry back (it hav- 
ing received the blessing of the gods) and 
throw on his threshing floor among his rice. 
That meant that the next year's crop would 
be a bountiful one, and that no one of their 
villagers would steal from the other one. 

You ask me what their thought is back 
of it all. As I could understand there were 
two things. First, that the gods must be 
satisfied or the evil spirits will enter some 
one of their villagers and give them trouble. 
Second, that the gods must be satisfied or 
the tigers will trouble them and eat their 
cattle. At the close of the service each 
year the priest tells them what must be 
sacrificed the following year. We were told 
that at a near-by village they offered a hog, 
two goats and several chickens just the day 

We were told with great earnestness and 
sincerity how the tigers had been troubling 
them in another part of this same village, 
until three years ago they put up a god 
(idol), and since that time they had had no 

What are the possibilities of a people like 
this, if their faith can be directed to the 
true and living God and they worship him 
with the devotion that they worship the 
tiger god? 


The Missionary 

Church of the Brethren 


A Missionary Committee or Superintendent 
Actively at Work 15 

The Church School of Missions, or at Least 
One Mission Study Class Annually, .... 1 5 

A Quarterly Missionary Program, 10 

The Every-Member Canvass for Missions, 1 5 

Systematic and Proportionate Giving to the 
General (5) and District (5) Mission 
Boards. We Recommend the Weekly 
Envelope System 10 

Missionary Contributions Increased Over 
Preceding Year, 10 

Missionary Instruction in the Sunday 
School. Emphasis on Stewardship and 
Tithing 10 

A Well Organized Effort to Place the Vis- 
itor in the Home of Every Member, .... 5 

A Special Missionary Message Annually, 5 

A Bulletin Board Where Missionary No- 
tices and Posters Are Shown, 5 






The foregoing is suggested as a Program 
of Missions for a local church 


The Missionary Visitor 



The editor invite* helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



The Dallas Center (Iowa) Church has one 

of the most active Women's Missionary So- 
cieties in the Church of the Brethren. It 
also has an Aid Society, but many of the 
women are members of both societies. The 
aim of the Missionary Society is to interest 
women in world-missionary work. They 
have made a study of the book, "The Lure 
of Africa." Their president, Mrs. W. H. 
Royer, Dallas Center, says she will be glad 
to correspond with the women of any other 
church and give them the benefit of their 
experience at Dallas Center. 

The Des Moines (Iowa) Sunday-school 

believes in missions, not only in theory but 
in practice, and it plans to make a contribu- 
tion each month during 1924 to the work 
directed by the General Mission Board. 

The Pleasant Hill (Southern Ohio) Sun- 
day-school, as a school and a number of 
the classes, are making arrangements to do 
some special mission work this summer. 
They are inquiring about the special proj- 
ects which the Board has to suggest. 

A Calamity Becomes a Blessing to Mis- 
sions. — Not long ago a woman wrote, send- 
ing a mission contribution, and with it she 
said that she had wanted to contribute soon- 
er, but was unable to do so. But now a small 
barn had burned and she was sending in 
part of the insurance money. Most folks 
would not think the Lord was prospering 
them when a building burned, but this good 
woman saw in it an opportunity to help ex- 
tend the Gospel. 

The Rummel Congregation, Western 
Pennsylvania, did a splendid piece of mis- 
sionary work with its children last year, by 
helping each Sunday-school class, as a unit 
of the church, to make a missionary contri- 
bution. The offerings from the classes 
range from $5.50 to $20.13. We can be 
assured that when these children become 

adults they will have learned good, un- 
selfish habits of missionary giving. 

The Plum Creek Church, Western Penn- 
sylvania, held a very successful Church 
School of Missions last summer. It proved 
so valuable that another is planned for this 
summer. Some churches could conduct mis- 
sion classes for adults in the evenings dur- 
ing the Vacation Bible School term. 

The New School in Our Africa Mission. — 

The last report from Africa sent Jan. 31 
told of the splendid boys' school which has 
reached an attendance of over sixty. The 
boys look with disdain on girls going to 
school and as yet it has not seemed ex- 
pedient to try to interest the girls. That 
will come in time. The Africa missionaries 
are trying very hard to impress on the 
African people the ideals of helping them- 
selves in this school work. Each boy is to 
pay a tuition. But most of the boys have 
no money and so the mission is hiring them 
to do work that must be done and their 
tuition is deducted from the pay they re- 
ceive. There is still a great deal of work to 
be done clearing off the land about the 
mission station. The bush and trees must 
be dug out and the stones removed. School 
lasts about two and one-half or three hours 
each day and about twice this much time is 
devoted to physical work. Half of the 
pay goes for tuition and the other half is 
for themselves. This high attendance of 
sixty is not all occasioned by a thirst for 
knowledge but because they like the money. 
It is hoped as they get acquainted with the 
school work a real thirst for knowledge will 
be developed. 


The missionary interests of the church 
need the help of the children. Great good 
has been done in past years by the children 


The Missionary Visitor 


investing dimes, quarters and dollars in a 
garden or in chickens and earning as much 
money as possible during the summer 

The General Mission Board plans to help 
make this work interesting and instructive 
during this summer. Four mission schools 
have been selected for which the Board 
wants the children to earn money. These 
schools are as follow: Anklesvar (pro- 
nounced Unkle-esh-wer) Girls' School in In- 
dia, Liao Boys' School in China, the new 
school in Africa (has only boys in it as yet), 
and the Greene County Industrial School in 
the mountains of Virginia. The Board is 
publishing a leaflet telling about each of 
these schools. Leaders and teachers of 
children should order this leaflet and explain 
the whole plan to the children. The children 
should have a part in deciding for which 
school they want to work. When this is 
decided you should write the General Mis- 
sion Board telling which school you have 
selected and then throughout the remainder 
of this year you will receive information 
how your school is getting along. Likely 
most of the money earned will not be avail- 
able until next fall and at that time we 
want to have a great ingathering of money 
earned for these schools by the children 
of the Sunday-schools. 

A Wonderful Picture Set 

Children from Many Lands is a message 
in ten pictures of " Peace on Earth, Good 
Will to Men" for the children of America. 
Realizing that the ideals of a nation are 
made largely in the lives of its children and 
realizing also that so much teaching in 
school books and elsewhere is ultra na- 
tional and discredits the good points of 
other peoples, this picture set has been pre- 
pared recognizing the good in other peoples. 
The ten pictures each show a child of 
some country. Germany, Holland, France, 
England, America, Italy, Spain, Japan, Rus- 
sia and China are the countries whose 
children are shown. The following verse 
for the German child is typical of the 
others : 

" Says Gretchen, ' In my Fatherland, 
We don't just hurry through 
Our work and say " It's pretty bad, 
But then I guess 'twill do!" 

We try to do our very best 
In everything. Do you?'" 

The set is splendid for use in Vacation 
Church Schools, in Church Schools of Mis- 
sions, in Sunday-school classes, and parents 
will do well to secure the set for children 
to hang on the walls of their rooms. The 
price is $1.00 per set. Order from the 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 


What is the great Bible command for Mis- 
sions ? 

Go ye into all the world and preach, 
The Gospel to every creature teach ! 
Does this mean that all should go? 
To some it means that they should go — 
That others should their means bestow: 
To all who now enjoy the light 
The message comes, Dispel the night. 
Can the children obey this command? 
Though we are young, still we can give 
A helping hand that they may live ; 
Our mites we earn, and these we save 
To send the bread across the wave. 
Why should you feel that these mites are 
acceptable to the Lord ? 

Our Savior said while here on earth, 
"A cup of water hath its worth." 
The widow's mite, when it was given, 
Rose as sweet incense unto heaven. 
What is the final object for which you are 
That for the kingdoms of his Son 
May this world's kingdoms all be won — 
That all shall own his sovereign sway, 
And nations be born in a day. 
What authority have you for believing that 
the whole world will be finally brought to 
The Bible tells us this is true ; 
The words are sent to us and you, 
That to him every knee shall bend, 
All tongues confess him Savior, Friend. 
Should you feel grateful that you are sur- 
rounded by gospel privileges? 
Yes, we should daily bless the hand 
That placed us in a Christian land, 
And all our grateful praises bring 
To " Christ our Prophet, Priest and King." 
Will you be held responsible for these bless- 
ings and for all your gifts? 
Our Lord requires that these shall be 
As talents returned with usury. 
We all should then each gift improve, 
Since he has shown such wondrous love. 

First Scholar: 

" Nothing to do in this world of ours, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Where the weeds spring up 'mid the fair- 
est flowers, 
Where smiles have only a fitful play, 
Where hearts are breaking every day?" 

Second Scholar: 

'"Nothing to do'? Thou Christian soul, 
Wrapping thee round in thy selfish stole, 
If with the garments of sloth and sin, _ 
Christ, thy Lord, hath a kingdom to win." 

Third Scholar: 

" 'Nothing to do '? There are prayers to lay 
On the altar of incense day by day; 
There are foes to meet within and without, 
There is error to conquer, strong and 

Fourth Scholar: 

"'Nothing to do'? There are minds to teach 
The simplest forms of Christian speech; 
There are hearts to lure with loving wile 
From the grimmest haunts of sin's defile." 

Fifth Scholar: ^ 

" 'Nothing to do '? There are lambs to feed, 
The precious hope of the church's need, 
Strength to be borne to the weak and faint. 
Vigils to keep with the doubting saint." 

Sixth Scholar: 

" 'Nothing to do '? There are heights to at- 
Where Christ is transfigured yet again, 
Where earth will fade in the vision sweet, 
And the soul pass on with winged feet." 

Whole Class, in Concert: 

"'Nothing to do'? and thy Savior said, 
' Follow thou me in the path I tread.' 
Lord, lend thy help the journey through, 
Lest, faint, we cry, ' So much to do !' " 

— Selected. 


Color Blind, A Missionary Play in Three 
Acts, by Margaret T. Applegarth ; George H. 
Doran Co., price 10c. 

This delightful play, which so beautifully 
and impressively presents the truth that 
God's love and care embrace all races of 
whatever color, is taken from the author's 
volume of missionary dramas entitled "Short 
Missionary Plays." 

A Galilee Doctor, A Sketch of the Career 
of Dr. D. W. Torrance of Tiberias, by W. 

P. Livingstone ; George H. Doran Co., $2. 
The life story of the first Christian physi- 
cian to heal and teach on the shores of the 
Lake of Galilee, in the scenes so closely as- 
sociated with the ministry of Jesus. It is a 
medical missionary narrative of heroic 

struggle and perseverance in the face of 
formidable difficulties. Dr. Torrance's mar- 
velous skill as a surgeon made his name 
famous throughout the Near East and far 
into the deserts of Arabia, into which he 
penetrated in his journeys of healing. The 
book throws light not only upon the pecul- 
iarly difficult nature of missionary work 
among Jews and Moslems, but traces the 
development of events which have led up to 
the present political situation in Palestine. 
Those who desire to understand Britain's 
problem there will find it clearly explained 
in this book, which displays all the skill 
which has made the author of " Mary Sles- 
sor of Calabar " so famous as a writer of 
missionary annals. 

The Edinburgh Evening Dispatch says: 
" Today, when there are ominous stirrings 
in Palestine, 'A Galilee Doctor' will be read 
not only for its record of dauntless self- 
sacrifice and perseverance, but also for the 
information it gives of conditions in that 

China Today Through Chinese Eyes, by 

Four Chinese Leaders; George H. Doran 
Co., $1.25. 

The Student Christian Movement has not 
published a more significant or illuminating 
volume this year than this authoritative 
and intensely interesting account by four 
distinguished Chinese leaders of the political, 
intellectual, and religious forces which lie 
at the back of the great renaissance sweep- 
ing through China today — a movement of 
incalculable significance for the future of the 
whole world. 

The authors of " China Today Through 
Chinese Eyes " are distinguished leaders in 
the mighty movement now in progress in 
China. These men are Dr. T. T. Lew, dean 
of the theological faculty, Peking Universi- 
ty ; Prof. Hu Shih, one of the ablest of the 
progressive leaders; Prof. Y. Y. Tsu, pro- 
fessor in St. John's College, Shanghai; Dr. 
Cheng Cheng Yi, chairman of the National 
Conference of Christian Workers. The 
book clearly and vividly reveals the power- 
ful forces lying back of the tremendous 
upheaval in Chinese life and thought. 

Order books from Brethren Publishing 
House, Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Shou Yang Boyj 

How It Was Made Possible 

IN the year 1921 the China Mission pre- 
sented to the General Mission Board 
facts which showed a great opportunity 
at Shou Yang and the need for an adequate 
boys' school building. The Board did not 
see its way clear financially to make this 
grant but the leaders of the Volunteer Move- 
ment felt that it could be done by the stu- 
dents and with this encouragement the 
Board informed the China field that the re- 
quest for this building to cost $7,500 was 

Then the appeal was made to our eleven 
schools during the year 1921-22. This was 
not the first undertaking of our students to 
do a work like this and some lessons had 
been learned from previous efforts. Some 
of the preceding efforts did not result in a 
task fully completed and the volunteers 
vowed they would complete this job before 

During the spring of 1922 some of the 
schools made splendid starts while others 
for some reason did not make much head- 
way. But the purpose of the Volunteers 
rang true and they have more than raised 
the needed $7,500 and every school has had 
some part in the great work. The extra 
money is needed to provide the necessary 
equipment for the inside of the building. A 
number of the schools still have unpaid 
pledges that they are collecting and will 
still pay. The General Mission Board is very 
appreciative of the sincere cooperation of 
the students and their faculties. 

On September 17, 1923, the building was 
dedicated and it was a memorable day at 
Shou Yang. Dr. Lee, from Tai Yuan, the 
capital of the province, was present and gave 
the dedicatory address. Brother Harlan 
Smith writing regarding the school re- 
cently mentioned the fine large class enter- 
ing the first year of high school work. 

25!! wi^ 


*: V 

Hf lii lit 
■is in ii 

■;- ;'.:■■ ''^j!'-^;' - ? 



These figures include all that has btieo 
the fund was started in 1922 to March ' l % 


Bethany Bible School, 

Blue Ridge 


Daleville, . . . . 




The Missionary Visitor 


Built with money contributed by the 
students and faculties of the Church of 
the Brethren Colleges. 

.*• m 


ID! M 



!iceived since 

tteceived at Elgin 






Hebron Seminary 71 .00 

Juniata 749.65 

La Verne 465.00 

Manchester 2, 1 23.38 

McPherson 533.25 

Mount Morris, * 581 .25 

Students elsewhere, 216.25 

* Mt. Morris sent in $33 more after March 1 , of this year. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Cute Sayings of the Missionary Children in India 

Collected by Ida Shumaker 

The Anvil Chorus — 

Wilbert Eby, with the hammer. Herbert 
Eby, with the tongs. Emma Wagoner, with 
a basket. Elizabeth Wagoner, " Ready — 
strike !" 

BANG on the anvil once more ! Here is 
a shower of "Long" Sparks: Esther, 
about five — " Mother, did God make 
Adam out of dust?" "Yes, the Bible says 
so." After deep study she said, " But I don't 
see how he rolled him up." 

Mother read her a Bible story. She said, 
"Why don't Jesus send soldiers to kill that 
boy?" "Who?" was asked. "Why, Satan 1" 
Again, she asked for the " story of the wise 
virgins who went out to meet a 

Esther was having the first P 
Psalm explained to her. She" \ 
asked, "Why doesn't Satan have ) 
a Bible to teach people to be 
naughty?" Another time she re- \ 1 

marked, " I wish I had black \ 
arms like the natives so I could 
wear bangadis " (bracelets). 

Once she asked why they came 
to India and then said, " Mother, 
I wish there were not two worlds 
so we could live in America too." 
She was told not to do so and so 
or she might die. She replied, 
" Mother, I am eight years old 
and I haven't died yet!" 

When Madalene was but three 
years old she prayed thus : "Dear 
Jesus, bless the little girls (in 
school), and bless the big girls 
too. Help them to be kind to the 
little girls, and if they have red 
shoes on and the little girls do 

not, and if there is any mud in the road, 
help them to carry the little girls across 
and not get angry about it. For Jesus' sake 

Madalene makes good sparks. " I did 
this my-sole " (myself). "Let's make heels 
(steps) down from the bungalow to the gate." 
"Mother, I don't like America!" "Why?" 
" Because the sun goes down there in the 

She had a match trying to strike it, then 
said, " Here, mother, you match it " (strike 
it). She watched Elizabeth being weighed, 
then called out, " O, come on ! They are 
pounding the baby!" 



Leonard and David Blickenstaff 


The Missionary Visitor 


"Who made God and Jesus? Which 
is the Son? Well, I think God made 
Jesus, and while Jesus was making the 
people God was making the animals. 
Did he make us out of dust like in the 
road? Did he mix it up with water?" 

Madalene sent home from Landour a 
pressed maiden hair fern, a violet, and 
a leaf. She wrote : " Every little part 
of the fern are the kisses I am sending 
you; the violet leaf is hugs; and the 
violet is love, which is the best part." 

Bang! for Albert. What sparks for | 
such a little fellow ! At five years — % 
" Father, how big will you be when you g 
get to be a hundred years old?" At 
four years, reviewing the Sunday-school 
lessons for exams, he said, "A big 
rushing wind came into the room and 
each one of them got a red spot on his 
head" (at Pentecost). After church one 
day: "Mother, I like the praying bet- 
ter than the preaching." "Why?" "Be- 
cause it is shorter." Then Madalene 
replied, " I like it better because we 
can sleep when we pray" (six and 
four years). 

Albert came in with the hammer. 
" W'hat are you doing?" he was asked. 
" I was out cracking nails." (He had 
never seen a hammer used for anything but 
cracking nuts.) One day at the table he sur- 
prised the family by announcing : "When I'm 
six I'm going to stop going to church like 
father and mother 1" Upon inquiry it was 
found that he meant that they had their 
Sunday-school classes at the bungalow. 

Drinking tea one day he looked into his 
cup and said, "O! my sugar didn't catch up 
with my tea!" Finding Auntie Doctor eat- 
ing all alone after the others had finished, 
he said, "Why, Auntie! You are eating 
behind !" One day he asked his mother, 
"Where's father?" "He went to Baroda to 
buy land." "How will he bring it home? 
How many mals (coaches) will it take to 
bring it home?" 

He was told about his father's cousin, an 
engineer, whose train ran over a boulder on 
the track and the engineer was ground to 
pieces. He looked up and asked, "What 
became of the engine?" Another time, 
" When we go to heaven will we look like 
we do now only we won't have any skin?" 

Lucille Forney and Lois Eby (High School Girls) 

" Mother, let me pray the long prayer to- 
night." (The children usually pray their 
little prayers and one of the parents prays 
the long prayer.) So he began: "Dear 
Jesus, bless father and mother. Bless baby 
as she is sleeping. Bless Esther and Mada- 
lene. Bless all the Uncles and the Aunties 
and all in America. Bless all the soldiers 
that they may be Christians. Bless all in 
the war countries. Bless us this Christmas. 
May we be good tomorrow, for Jesus' sake. 
Amen." (At five years.) 

One Christmas they were so surprised at 
their gifts. He said, " It feels so funny this 
Christmas. It feels like my head is being 
knocked off." 

Strike, Wilbert ! Hold your basket, Em- 
ma! We're going to knock the sparks off 
Elizabeth Long. " Mother, where is your 
nailer? I want to nail my fingers" (nail 
file). " Pass that red book, please, that red 
cemetery" (commentary). Alone with her 
mother as they knelt to pray she said, "You 
just pray a little short prayer tonight — 30 or 


The Missionary Visitor 


40 minutes." Reviewing the Sunday-school 
lessons she exclaimed disgustedly, " I get so 
tired hearing about boys. Why don't some 
of them ask for girl babies?" "Mother, I 
saw such a little woman. She was about 
forty years old and just my age" (meaning 

Her father was holding a paper over 
the lamp and she asked, " Father, are you 
going to fire that paper?" (burn it) At 
three and a half she was saying, "Jack fell 
down and broke his mout' " (mouth). She 
was often told not to eat so fast. One day 
she got very angry and said, "I am just going 
to gupple my food down." When she was 
lying on her bed with the measles her 
mother was feeding her. Urged to take an- 
other spoonful, she said, " My face is f ull " 
(meaning mouth). 

"How old are your dollies?" she was 
asked. She replied with great dignity, 
" Lalita is 96 and Wanita is 97." Another 
day: "Mother, if you are a naughty girlie 
I am not going to take you to Landour. 
When I get big I am going to Landour to 
school and then who'll go for a walk with 
Jumnabai, and who'll eat with father and 

When she was four, she met at Landour 
Bremmer and Dorothy Cook, and loved to 
play with them, though they sometimes 

differed. One night her prayer was some- 
thing like this : She lay on her bed, squeezed 
her eyes tight shut and began, " Dear Jesus, 
bless Bremmer and Dorothy. Tell them to 
play with me. If they hurt me I'll hurt 
them, but if they go away I'll call them back. 
For Jesus' sake. Amen." 

Watching the family cracking nuts, she 
took the cracker and said, " I want to crack 
myself." Esther was combing her; she 
parted her hair in the middle and put her 
hair band on. She came to her mother cry- 
ing and sobbing and said, " I don't want it 
this way. I look like somebody else." 

Her mother was eating cheese. She begged 
for some, and was reluctantly given a bit, 
with the remark that she would not like it. 
She tried hard to eat it, and then laid it 
down saying, " It tastes like something else." 
At three and a half she had hiccoughs, and 
to see whether she knew what to call it her 
mother said seriously, " Elizabeth, what are 
you doing?" She replied with a smile, "It's 
doing itself." 

" Getting even isn't half as profitable as 
getting ahead." 

" Few of us ever get dizzy from doing too 
many good turns." 

"Praise loudly; blame softly." 

The Butterbaugh Busters — Beryl Delos (boy), Vila Lorene, Bertha lone, Wilma 
June, Darlene Mary 


The Missionary Visitor 



My dear Juniors : Recently a bit of news 
was received in the Mission Rooms — the 
kind that usually comes with a black border 
around it. This was the brief message: 
" Enclosed find check for $25.00 for World- 
wide Missions. This money belonged to 
our dear boy, our only child, aged thirteen, 
who died Dec. 10. We want it reported in 
the Visitor as being from Marshall D. Chris- 
tian. Yours in His name, John H. Christian." 

Doesn't that make you feel like holding 
your breath and treading softly? For it is 
a beautiful, sacred thing this child has done, 
even though he is sleeping. How the texts 
crowd forward — " His works do follow him," 
"He being dead yet speaketh," "A little 
child shall lead them." 

When the mission treasurer read these 
few words so full of meaning, he sadly 
fingered the check and thought of his own 
two lively little boys. We sympathize with 
all our hearts with these parents who have 
lost their precious son, and only one, at such 
an interesting age. But, Juniors, do you 
think Marshall is crying? And if he is 
smiling from the other side, where the green 
fields are, shall we not smile back and 
say, eagerly, " We're coming too, Marshall, 
by and by. Please keep a place for us"? 
I think he could wish for no finer memorial. 

And then the other day the treasurer 
handed me another slip with this interesting 
information, which I share with you : 

Leonard Withy, ten years old, of Santa 
Rosa, Florida, worked hard during the 
Christmas vacation to earn some money so 
he could give a dollar to the Mission Emer- 
gency Fund. It was sent in by Mrs. A. Buck, 
v ith whom he stays. Shall we not all wave 
a salute to Leonard? And we hope he comes 
into our circle soon, don't we? 

After you have all exchanged greetings 
you may snuggle down in your chairs quiet- 
ly, and we'll have the rest of our ** moving 
picture " from India. If you want to re- 
fresh your memory on the first part, look up 
the March Visitor. 

& & 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Am I welcome? I 
am eleven years old and in the sixth grade. 
My sister is in the third grade, and is eight 
years old. My best friend is Pauline Shinn. 
She is in the fifth grade and is ten years 

old. We are expecting to move in June. My 
father is a senior in his divinity course. 
I went skating the other night. We had a 
very good time. In the evening when we 
are tucked in bed my mother reads us a 
Bible story, and we like it very much. In 
the nice evenings I take our neighbors' baby 
for a ride. The baby is a boy. His name 
is Leon Winters. He is thirteen months old. 
I wish some of you Junior girls would 
write to me. Give me your address and I 
will gladly reply. Well, my eyelids are get- 
ting heavv, so I must close. Evelvn Horst. 

1703 Oneida St., Huntingdon, Pa. 

How familiar your letter sounds ! For 
Huntingdon was my home for many years. 
You'll be a candidate for Juniata College 
some time, won't you? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I have just read some 
of the letters in the Missionary Visitor, and 
fail to see many boys' names, so I thought 
I would increase the number. I am eleven 
years old, and in the sixth grade in school. 
I have four sisters. I am a member of the 
Eagle Creek Church of the Brethren, and 
have about a mile to go to Sunday-school. 
Leigh Freed is my teacher and I like him 
very well. If my letter is printed I will try 
to get some of the boys of our Sunday- 
school to join the circle too. I would be 
glad if some of the Junior boys would write 
to me. Galon Rodabaugh. 

Williamstown, Ohio. 

Thank you very much for the photo you 
sent, Galon. I think I will use it for a nest- 
egg, and maybe some more of the Juniors 
will send me their photos, so I can start an 
album! And if you come to see me, you 
may have a peep at the whole bunch! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I thought I would 
write and get acquainted. I was ten years 
old in December. I am in the fifth grade in 
school and my teacher's name is William 
Pletcher. I enjoy my school work very 
much. I have two brothers in high school, 
and one sister that will be three years old 
in May. My mama, papa, brothers and my- 
self are members of the Church of the 
Brethren. My Sunday-school class name 
is " Willing Workers," and the last Sunday 
of each month we have our meeting. I am 
secretary. Mary Summy. 

305 Wilson Ave., Goshen, Ind. 

And I know r you are trying to be the very 
best secretary your class ever had! One 
can make even a secretary's book look like 
a work of art. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I don't know if it will 
be pleasing to you or not to call you 
" auntie." as this is my first attempt. I am 
eleven years old, and in the sixth grade. I 
have five sisters and three brothers. My 


The Missionary Visitor 


daddy is my teacher in school, and Mrs. J. 
W. Weddle is my Sunday-school teacher. 
I belong to the Brethren church, and am a 
Junior. I live one mile from church. I en- 
joy reading the letters. I'd like for some one 
to write to me. Lorraine Ann Sutphen. 

Floyd, Va., Star Route. 

And I expect Lorraine is the best-behaved 
little girl "daddy" has in the whole school! 
Do you suppose he could manage all nine of 
you at once? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I had an operation 
for mastoids the last night of the year and 
was in the hospital ten days, but I am going 
to school now. I have one brother married 
and two going to high school. I have a 
twin brother in the sixth grade with me. I 
am eleven years old. I was baptized when 
I was nine. We drove from Yakima, Wash., 
to California last June. I have a guinea pig 
for a pet. My teacher's name is Mrs. Sei- 
fert. Zula Hollinger. 

Hermosa Beach, Calif., R. 1, Box 59B. 

That wasn't a very pleasant experience, 
was it? But sometimes we have to do worse 
things so that we may have better things 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am twelve years old 
and in the seventh grade. My lessons are 
right hard, but I try as hard as I can to get 
them and they are not so hard after all. I 
just love to read. My Sunday-school class 
is called the " Good Cheer " class, and we are 
trying real hard to live up to our name. We 
always send cousin Isaac Longs some money 
to buy Christmas gifts for the children in 
India. He and cousin Effie are missionaries 
there. We also are helping to pay for our 
new church at Mill Creek. I love to go to 
Sunday-school and preaching. I have not 
missed a Sunday for two years. I have a 
certificate with one seal on it, and I am 
going to try to fill out the others. I have 
often cracked the " Nuts," but do not send 
them in. With love to all the Juniors, 

Penn Laird, Va. Eva Long. 

I wouldn't be surprised if some day you 
follow in the footsteps of your missionary 
cousins. There are such great crowds of 
children " over there " that need so much to 
know about our Jesus. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I never read the let- 
ters until one day my mother toll me that 
there was a " Junior Missionary," and now I 
read them three or four times. I belong to 
the Church of the Brethren, and also the 
Junior C. W. We often play Bible Base- 
ball in C. W. Those of you who have played 
it know it is fun. We are asked such ques- 
tions as these: 1. Name the books of Law. 
2. Of History. 3. Of Poetry. 4. Who was 
a Jewish maiden who became queen and 

saved her people? 5. Where was Jesus 
born? 6. Where was his first miracle per- 
formed? 7. What was it? 8. Where did 
he live when a boy? 9. Where was Jesus 
taken when a baby? 10. Who watched the 
baby in the bulrushes and who was the 
baby? Quite a number of us stumbled on 
the sixth. Miriam Culler. 

Mount Morris, 111. 

It takes nimble wits to keep that baseball 
off the ground. I think that would be a 
fine national sport for our Juniors. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am ten years old 
and in the fifth grade. I go to church and 
Sunday-school almost every Sunday. I do 
not have far to school. I have a little sister 
six years old. Her name is Elsie. I like to 
read the letters the children send to you. 

Manheim, Pa., R. 3. Minnie Becker. 

Do you drive " Dobbin " when you go to 
town, or do you get there in a hurry by au- 
tomobile? Does your mother let you do 
some shopping yourself? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am writing this 
letter by the evening lamp. Some of my 
playmates are going to write you a letter. 
I just think -it is fun to write these letters 
to you and you print them in the Missionary 
Visitor. I got twenty-three valentines. One 
was a real pretty one from my teacher. 
It was a little girl playing a piano. I am go- 
ing to study hard because I want to go to 
the sixth grade. I will be thirteen on April 
19. I read the story in the January Visitor, 
" Biddy Comes to the Bungalow." I do 
not have very far to walk to school. One 
of my playmates has a bicycle. My Bible 
teacher is Mrs. Shively. I will be glad when 
spring comes and all the birds and flowers 
come back. I had a card from Mr. H. P. 
Garner, mailed at Livingston College, Lon- 
don. This is a pretty morning. The snow is 
falling in big flakes. My teacher has taught 
us a song about " Snowflakes." 

Nokesville, Va. Ruth Graybill. 

I infer that you play the piano yourself. 
Do you sing too? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : My sister, Lois 
Sanger, told me to write to you. I am in 
the fourth grade and nine years old. I am 
four and a half feet tall, and weigh eighty- 
four pounds. I have just finished a letter to 
my cousin and a friend. I would like for 
one of the boys to write to me. With love 
to all the circle. Samuel Sanger. 

Nokesville, Va. 

You were a good boy to obey your sister. 
There is another boy here. Step up and 
shake hands. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : As I have been read- 
ing the letters every month I will join in 
the circle. I do not go to school, for I am 


The Missionary Visitor 


a cripple. My mother teaches me at home. 
I am fourteen years old, and go to Sunday- 
school every Sunday. My teacher is Miss 
Cooke. I have three sisters and three 
brothers. We live in the country on a large 
farm. My grandfather lives with us. Your 
friend, Ella Weimer. 

Bealeton, Va., Box 64. 

How sorry I am ! How many good times 
you must miss, and yet how much happiness 
three brothers and three sisters will be able 
to drop in your lap! And they will be hap- 
pier too, doing things for you. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am thirteen years 
old, and in the sixth grade. I have a broth- 
er and sister that go to school with me. 
I have a white pony and drive her when 
the roads are good. We have two miles to 
school. My father and mother belong to 
the Camp Creek church, and we go every 
time we can. I hope to join also. Find en- 
closed fifty cents to help some missionary. 

Plymouth, 111. Fuller W. Reed. 

I turned your fifty cents over to the mis- 
sion treasurer, and he thanks you very much 
for your kindly thought. So do I. I hope 
you feel at home among us, and please come 

Hidden Orchestra 

1. The law puts a ban on wine and rum. 

2. Did you feed the chickens their corn, 

3. I said to Levi, " O, linger a while yet!" 

4. Mary has the flu; tell the doctor. 

5. He called him a "boob"; O, Edith, 
wasn't that funny? 

6. He's in a tantrum; pet nicknames worry 

7. She wants to be called Hannah or noth- 

8. The thief was put in a cell. O, what a 

More Missionaries in China 

1. . Break. 5. Col. Polk. 

2. Wan mob. 6. Greens. 

3. N. lice. 7. This M. 

4. Price. 8. Mr. Yes. 

(Answers next month) 
March Nuts Cracked 
Missionaries in China. — 1. Bright. 2. Horn- 
ing. 3. Metzger. 4. Vaniman. 5. Wampler. 
6. Schaeffer. 7. Clapper. 8. Heisey. 

Hidden Grains.— 1. Millet. 2. Wheat. 3. 
Rye. 4. Oats. 5. Flax. 6. Maize. 7. Rice. 
8. Barley. 


Alice K. Ebey 
One of the missionary children in the 
early years of the India Mission was told 
that Uncle Adam was coming on the big 
boat. On his arrival the mother said, " See, 
dear, here is Uncle Adam." With a curious 
smile the little girl asked, " But, mama, 
where is Aunt Eve?" 


Another of these children of more than 
a score of years ago was greatly delighted 
to make a trip to Anklesvar (pronounced 
" uncle eshvar "). On his arrival he said, 
" Mother, here is Uncle McCann, but I 
want to see my Anklesvar." 

Some years later, one of the mothers, 
solicitous for the health of Brother Stover, 
who never seemed to spare himself, asked 
why he should take a night train and break 
his sleep. The little daughter looked up with 
a puzzled expression, saying, " How could 
Uncle Wilbur break his sleep? He didn't 
let it fall, did he?" 

"What does red tape mean?" my little 
girl asked. " What do you think it means?" 
I asked in return. " Oh, just talk, I s'pose, 
without getting anything done," was the 
prompt reply. 

A young prodigal who had " wasted all 
his living" appealed to Brother Pittenger 
to give him a position as a bridegroom. 
Some one who had not completed his 
English education had written for him. 
You will be glad to know that the lad has 
grown wiser and better with his years, and 
that he is now a faithful horse groom at 
one of the busy mission stations. 

" Bear ye one another's burdens." Lord 
Denbigh was walking through the House of 
Commons when he saw a party of wounded 
Australian privates. Two appeared to be 
dwarfs, but on drawing closer he noticed 
that their legs had been shattered below 
the knee. " Have you not been fitted with 
artificial legs yet? " he asked one of them. 
" Yes, I have," he replied, " and I am going 
along with them all right, but my pal has 
not, and as he is a bit shy about going out 
alone with his stumps, I left my legs be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Forward Movement Goal 

For the year ending Feb. 29, 1924 


1425,000 — 

375,000 — 

275,000 — 

175,000 — 

150,000 — 

125,000 — 

100,000 — 

75,000 — 

10,000 — 

25,000 — 



s * 

8 2 

"3. -d 

* ba 

«0 -O 













Conference Offering, 1923. As of February 29, 1924, 
the Conference (Forward Movement) offering for 
the year ending February 29, 1924, stands as fol- 

Cash received, all funds since March 1, 1923, $283,540.04 
Pledges outstanding, 5,064.02 

Total, $288,604.06 

(The 1923 Budget of $443,500 is 65.1% raised.) 
Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 

shows the condition of mission finances on February 

29, 1924: 

Income since March 1, 1923, $280,925.91 

Income same period last year, 311,017.32 

Decrease, $ 30,091.41 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1923, . . . 44,328.92 
Outgo over income same period last year, .. 20,493.79 

Increase outgo over income, $23,835.13 

Mission deficit February 29, 1924, 16,818.81 

Mission deficit January 31, 1924, 16,236.78 

Increase in deficit, $ 682.03 

Tract Distribution. During the month of January 
the Board sent out 2,339 tracts. 

Correction No. 21. See March, 1923, "Visitor," 
under Forward Movement, 1923. Contribution of Buck 
Creek, So. Ind., $15.56 has since been designated for 
support of Nettie B. Summer. 

Correction No. 22. With permission of the S. S. 
Board of Mid. Pa., the sum of $234.00 has been trans- 
ferred to World Wide Missions that was left from 
the support of Jesse B. Emmert. 

Correction No. 23. See March, 1924, " Visitor " 
Under World Wide Missions. Credit of $22.00 to J. 
I. Branscom of Melvin Hill Cong., North Carolina, 
should instead be J. I. Branscom (Mill Creek). 

January Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during January: 

Arizona— $4.00 

Indv.: A Brother & Family of McNeal, ..$ 4 00 

California— $486.08 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chico, $23.23; Elk Creek, 
$8.75; Empire, $105.30; Fresno, $17.60; La ton, 
$9; McFarland, $50.47; Oakland, $26.08; Rai- 
sin, $62.11; Sarah J. Beckner (Reedley) $1; 
Harve Fillmore & Family (Live Oak) $5; 
Walter Pence & Wife (Figarden) $5; S. S.: 
Primary Dept. (McFarland) $11.60, 325 14 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, $25.85; Pomona, 
$54.34; A. J. Frick (Santa Ana) $25; S. R. 
Roney (1st Los Angeles) $1; H. S. Sheller 
(Long Beach) $5; David Blickenstaff (Long 
Beach) $5; J. P. Dickey (La Verne) $.50; 
Mary M. Hepner (Covina) $5; C. W. S.: 
Pasadena, $25; Indv.: D. Welty Lefever, 
$5; Jacob Wyne, $4.25; An Individual, $5, .. 160 94 
Colorado— $144.16 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Denver, $76.11; Conrad 
Fitz (Denver) $2.50; Aid Soc: Haxtun, $10, 88 61 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: McClave, 50 55 

W. Dist., Indv.: Cynthia Peebler, 5 00 

Florida— $16100 

Indv.: No. 70730, $4; E. H. Hurst, $10; J. 

Ham Baile & Wife, $2, 16 00 

Idaho— $84.46 

Cong.: Bowmont, $4.50; Nampa, $29.46; 
Weiser, $32.; Mrs. Marie Olsen (Nampa) $1; 
L. Clanin (Clearwater) $2.50; A. L. Boyd 

(Bowmont) $15, 84 46 

Illinois— $697.09 

No. Dist., Cong.: Hickory Grove, $24.12; 
Mt. Morris, $37.75; Douglas Park (Chicago) 
$101.81; Bethany Center (Chicago) $16.25; 
Dixon, $21.20; West Branch, $8.25; Elias 
Weigle (Shannon) $5; John C. Lampin 
(Polo) $5; Wm. M. Davis (Pine Creek) $25; 



The Missionary Visitor 


T W Erb (Xaperville) $2; W. E. West (M. 
N.) (Mt. Morris) $.50; E. P. Trostle & Wife 
(Mt. Morris) $5; W. E. West (Mt. Morris) 
$5; W. B. Stover (M. N.) (Mt. Morris) $.50; 
Wm. Wingerd (Lanark) $12; Mary C. Lah- 
man (Franklin Grove) $200; D. C. McGo- 
nigle (Franklin Grove) $2.50; Jennie S. Har- 
ley (Elgin) $1.20; L. L. Group (Dixon) $2; A 
L. Moats (Dixon) $1.20; Silver J. Cummins 
(Chicago) $10; Ralph & Laura Miller (Chi- 
cago) $100; John M. Lutz (Bethany) $1; 
Jennie Ruble (Bethany) $2; Cora Brower 
(Chicago) $5; O. H. Willard & Wife (Chi- 
cago) $20; S. S.: "Winners" Class, $ 5,.... 619 28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Champaign, $31.38; De- 
catur, $2.50; Girard, $15;. Romine, $7.50; 
Springfield, $12.61; Virden, $6.82; Mrs. J. H. 
Neal (Girard) $1; Mary Hester (Girard) $1, 77 81 

India— $5.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Kathryn B. Garner, 3 00 

Indiana— $793.47 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, $56.96; 
Salamonie, $47.56; Walton, $43.85; Clear 
Creek, $45; Loon Creek, $152.97; Peru, $24; 
Roann, $4; May Whitmore (Salamonie) $15; 
J. D. Rife (Roann) $1.20; Walter Balsbaugh 
(.Mexico) $5; Frank Fisher (Mexico) $1; 
John H. Cupp (Manchester) $2; Wm. M. 
Eikenberry (Manchester) $1; Emma Fair 
(Manchester) $.50; John W. Hoover (Man- 
chester) $1.25; Wm. H. Harter (Flora) $1.25; 
Odis P. Clingenpeel (Flora) $2; Chas. R. 
Oberlin (Monticello) $10; Aid Soc. : W. Man- 
chester, $25; Indv.: Mrs. Esther R. Miller, 
$2; M. E. Miller, $1, 442 54 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Creek, $37.42; 
Center, $17.15; Pleasant Valley. $38.40; Solo- 
mons Creek, $37; Wakarusa, $32; G. Sprang 
(Shipshewana) $4; Samuel E. Good (No. 
Liberty) $1; Annetta Johnson (Nappanee) 
$2.50; E. W. Bowers (Baugo) $1; Jacob B. 
Nefr (Bethel) $5; "Beginners' Class", 1st 
So. Bend, $8; S. S. : Pleasant Chapel, $12.50; 

C. W. S.: Bethany, $50.50; Indv.: Marshall 

D. Christian, $25; Lavina Fashbaugh. $7.90, 279 37 
So. Dist., Cong.: Kokomo, $4.50; Nettle 

Creek, $32.60; Plevna, $22.86; R. M. Arndt 
(White) $2.60; Catharine Stout (Nettle 
Creek) $5; Mrs. M. C. Young (Mississinewa) 
$1; Indv.: Mrs. Lora Hilger, $1; Mary Cun- 
ningham, $2, 71 56 

Iowa— $665.59 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eld. C. B. Rowe (M. 
N.) (Dallas Center) $.50; Franklin Rhodes 
& Wife (Dallas Center) $200; E. L. West 
(Des Moines Valley) $64.20; Mrs. Frances 
Beeghley (Iowa River) $2; Malinda R. 
Booth (Iowa River) $1; C. Z. Reitz (Max- 
well) $40; Eld. W. I. Buckingham (Prairie 
City) $10, 317 70 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, $146.59; 
Kingsley, $17.45; Samuel Fike (So. Water- 
loo) $12; Uriah S. Blough (So. Waterloo) $4; 
A. M. Sharp (M. N.) (Spring Creek) $.50; 
Mrs. Edw. Zapf (Grundy Co.) $5; H. C. 
Sheller (Grundy Co.) $10; Julia A. Sheller 
(Grundy Co.) $2; G. A. Moore (Grundy Co) 
$100; Hannah C. Messer (Grundy Co.) $10; 
J. D. Shook (Greene) $2; Aid Soc: Greene, 
$10; Indv.: Elizabeth Albright, $5, 315 54 

So. Dist., Cong.: Osceola, $7.35; S. S. : 
Liberty ville, $25, 32 35 

Kansas — $252.30 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Appanoose, $21.55; Sa- 
betha, $85.35; Aid Soc: Oakland (Topeka) 
$10, 116 90 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Nellie Albin (Maple 
Grove), 2 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Independence, $5.65; 
W. H. Sell (Fredonia) $3, 8 65 

S. W. Dist.. Cong.: Conway Springs, 
$22.20; McPherson. $77.55; Mrs. N. P. Nel- 
sen (E. Wichita) $5; Yomarco (E. Wichita) 
$15; Ethel & Wm. Root (Walnut Valley) $5, 124 75 

Louisiana— $1.20 

Cong.: W. B. Woodard (Roanoke), 1 20 

Maryland— $352.79 

E. Dist., Cong.: Westminster (Meadow 

Branch) $23.86; Denton, $7.56; Long Green 
Valley, $18; Meadow Branch, $16; Nettie M. 
Kanost (Washington) $25; Annie R. Stoner 
(Pipe Creek) $15; Mary R. Weybright (Mon- 
ocacy) $10; Ira W. Leatherman (Middle- 
town Valley) $1; Christian Krabill (Denton) 
$10; Benj. B. Brumbaugh (Denton) $1, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $12; 
Broadfording (Welsh Run) $118.45, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Roy C. Wotring 
(Fairview) $2; Arthur Scrogum (Bear 
Creek) $100, 

Michigan— $31.20 

Cong.: Elsie, $6; Long Lake, $12; Ed- 
mond G. and Ida Sellers (Onekama) $1.95; 
Mrs. Alia Emrick (New Haven) $5; Mrs. 
Alta Hellsauer (Lake View) $2; S. S. : Zion, 


Minnesota— $14.80 

Cong.: No. 71026 (Root River) $.40; A. 
J. Nickey (M. N.) (Monticello) $.50; A 
Brother (Minneapolis & Monticello) $5; C. 

W. S.: Worthington, $8.90, 

Missouri— $195.57 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, $36.05; 
Wm. H. Wagner (Mound) $2.50; Nannie C. 
Wagner (Mound) $2.50, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Fork, $117.02; 
Emma Van Trump (Hardin) $15, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $16.50; Mary 
J. Mays (Cedar Co.) $3; C. K. Masters 
(Peace Valley) $2; Indv.: F. Moffit, $1, .... 
Montana — $7.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grandview, 

Nebraska— $85.56 

Cong.: Octavia, $75.56; Gussie McPheron 

(Falls City) $10, 

New Jersey— $10.00 

Indv.: Carrie Gary, $5; Edith Gary Wood- 
ruff, $5, 

New York— $33.20 

Cong.: Brooklyn (Italian), 

North Carolina— $58.00 

Cong.: Mill Creek, $8; Indv.: C. R. Faw 

& Wife, $50, 

North Dakota— $25.00 

Cong.: Surrey, $20; Walter Troxel (Ber- 

thold) $5, 

Ohio— $867.78 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $50.51; E. 
Nimishillen, $34.40; Maple Grove, $90.48; New 
Phila., $5; W. Nimishillen Cong. & S. S., 
$150; Mary Ann Shroyer (Tuscarawas) $3; 
Louisa Burkhart (Tuscarawas) $5; Sarah A.' 
Dupler (Olivet) $10.38; Mrs. Jennie M. 
Shriver (New Philadelphia) $2; Mrs. Jennie 
B. Bear (New Philadelphia) $2; C. Wohl- 
gamuth (Mohican) $10; Sadie Moherman 
(Ashland Dickey) $1; Aid Soc: W. Nimi- 
shillen, $50; Freeburg, $50; E. Nimishillen, 
$25; Canton City, $25; Black River, $25; 
Ashland City, $25; Indv.: Samuel Feller, $5, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Baker, $79; County 
Line, $16.53; Greenspring, $5; Marion, $17.42; 
A Sister (Bellefontaine) $5; Aid Soc: Green- 
spring, $10, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $6; Sidney, 
$4; W. Dayton, $96.05; Jesse K. Brumbaugh 
(West Milton) $1.20; Mary House (W. Day- 
ton) $1; John H. Rinehart (Salem) $1.20; W. 
H. Folkerth (Salem) $1.20; G. W. & E. G. 
Stump gPrices Creek) $4.85; Susie F. Min- 
nich (Painter Creek) $1; Mrs. Emma Fil- 
brun (New Carlisle) $1.20; Forest Bennett 
(Middle Dist.) $1; Nettie L. Siefer (E. Day- 
ton) $5; Glen A. Moyer & Wife (Cincinnati) 
$3; Sister Henry (Cincinnati) $1; Mrs. Sarah 
E. Johnston (Brookville) $1; S. S.: Mission 
Band (Circleville) $7.36; Y. P. C. A.: Don- 
nels Creek, $20; Aid Soc: Greenville, $10, .. 
Oklahoma— $2.40 

Cong.: Wm. P. Bosserman (Indian Creek), 

Oregon— $36.75 

Cong.: Bandon, $17.75; Weston, $4; E. E. 
Tucker & Family (Weston) $5; Mrs. J. W. 
Moore (Newberg) $5; Aid Soc: Mabel, $5, .. 

120 34 
130 45 

102 00 

31 20 

14 80 

41 05 
132 02 

22 50 
7 50 

85 56 

10 00 
33 20 

58 00 

25 00 

568 77 

132 95 

166 06 
2 40 

36 75 


The Missionary Visitor 


254 90 

116 59 

535 14 

Pennsylvania— $2,134.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Conestoga, $19; Elizabeth- 
town, $357.56; Ridgeley, $14.27; Ruth & Vio- 
let Stehman (White Oak) $1; Naomi S. 
Rentschler (Richland) $9; John C. Zug (Pal- 
myra) $5; Samuel F. Gottshall (Mingo) $100; 
Henry R. Gibbel (Lititz) $1.20; No. 71204 
(Indian Creek) $2; E. M. Crouthamel & 
Wife (Hatfield) $5; Samuel H. Hertzler 
(Elizabethtown) $5; Aid Soc: Heidleberg, 
$25; Mingo, $25; Chiques, $25; Akron, $15; 
Indv.: A. M. Kuhns, $3; Wilmer Ziegler, 
$10 622 03 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Koontz, $8.50; New En- 
terprise, $150; Snake Spring, $16; Frank 
Meyers & Wife (James Creek) $34; John 
Snowberger (New Enterprise) $3; Mrs. 
Samuel R. Snyder (New Enterprise) $3; 
James C. Wineland (Clover Creek) $1; Mary 

A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; T. T. 
Myers (Huntingdon) $1.50; Galen B. Royer 
(Huntingdon) $1.40; O. Perry Hoover (Hun- 
tingdon) $6; Ada White (Burnham) $2; A. 

B. Wakefield (Aughwick) $5; A. S. Brum- 
baugh & Wife (Artemas) $5; C. W. S.: 
Bethel (Yellow Creek) $5; Indv.: J. S. Har- 
ley, $2.50; Ellen S. Strauser, $1, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rouzerville House (An- 
tietam) $6; Brandts Church (Back Creek) 
$15; Chambersburg, $23.09; Helen Price 
(Waynesboro) $2.50; Samuel C. Johnson 
(Lower Cumberland) $35; Mrs. Geo. Ditmer 
(Lower Cumberland) $5; Chas. C. Brown 
& Wife (Hanover) $20; C. H. Steeman & 
Wife (Back Creek) $10, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Green Tree, $225; Nor- 
ristown, $131; Parker Ford, $10; German- 
town (Philadelphia) $93.76; Pottstown, $22; 
Joseph Fitzwater (Green Tree) $3; S. S.: 
Harmonyville, $27.38; C. W. S.: Coventry, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Meyersdale, $6; Mont- 
gomery, $50; Mt. Union, $25; Pittsburgh, 
$53.48; Rockton, $8; Walnut Grove, $339.91; 
Mrs. Anna Marler (Mt. Joy) $2.25; J. Clark 
Brilhart (Montgomery) $7; I. G. Miller 
(Middlecreek) $1.20; Mrs. Eliza Sweitzer 
(Meyersdale) $30; H. L. & Linda Griffith 
(Meyersdale) $23; Mrs. Anna R. Meyers 
(Markleysburg) $2; J. E. Whitacre (Union- 
town-Georges Creek) $2; J. C. Beahm (Con- 
nellsville) $.50; A Brother & Sister (Manor) 
$25; Cradle Roll Mothers (Viewmont) $30.50, 605 84 

Tennessee— $43.45 

Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $23.45; Indv.: Mrs. 

C. C. Shonks, $10; Mrs. E. J. Humbert, $10, 43 45 

Texas— $1.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Mary Hanna, 1 00 

Virginia— $713.47 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $8.81; Trevilian, 
$51.30; Carl F. Miller (Oakton- Fairfax) $2; J. 
M. Kline (Midland) $2; Margaret Heddings 
(Midland) $2; Maggie Miller (Mt. Carmel) 
$1; J. M. Garber (Trevilian) $2.40; Geo. W. 
Shaffer (Valley) $2, 7151 

First Dist., Cong.: Copper Hill, $4.70; 
Daleville, $95.37; Peters Creek, $14.20; Sel- 
ma, $46.70; T. S. Moherman (Daleville) $1.80; 
G. A. Moomaw (Troutville) $12; Aid Soc: 
Selma, $25; Indv.: J. B. Spangler, $10, 209 77 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $17.90; Mt. 
Zion (Greenmount) $23.70; So. Fork, $5.80; 
Unity, $38.67; Woodstock, $2.25; E. M. 
Wampler & Family (Timberville) $4; No. # 
70288 (Rileyville-Mt. Zion) $5.57; D. M. Good 
(Mill Creek) $2.50; Benj. Cline (Mill Creek) 
$.50; Madison Kline (Linville Creek) $.50; P. 
S. Thomas (Harrisonburg) $3; J. N. Smith 
& Wife (Greenmount) $1; John H. Kline 
(Greenmount) $5; D. R. Miller (Green- 
mount) $.25; S. N. Wine (Cooks Creek) 
$.25; E. G. Wine (Cooks Creek) $.25 Ill 14 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Sangerville, $18.25; Res- 
sie Kanost (Sangerville) $5; John L. Driver 
(Sangerville) $1; M. G. Sanger (Sangerville) 
$1; Mrs. P. J. Craun (Summit) $.50; S. A. 
Garber (Valley Bethel) $1; S. T. Glick (Bea- 
ver Creek) $1; Mary R. Evers (Beaver 
Creek) $.50; Lucy E. Evers (Beaver Creek) 

$.25; S. Frank Cox (Bridgewater) $.50; John 
S. Flory (Bridgewater) $1.50; D. S. Thomas 
(Bridgewater) $1; R. E. L. Strickler 
(Bridgewater) $1; Jacob H. Cline (Leba- 
non) $1; D. C. Cline (Middle River) $1; S. I. 
Stoner (Middle River) $3.70; E. D. Kendig 
(Mt. Vernon) $1; Bessie V. Wampler (Pleas- 
ant Valley) $1.10; Chas. H. Wampler (Pleas- 
ant Valley) $5; A Brother & Sister (Pleas- 
ant Valley) $25; Barbara A. Wampler 
(Pleasant Valley) $1.10; Fannie A. Wamp- 
ler (Pleasant Valley) $1.10; Indv.: Geo. R. 
Robertson, $2; A. B. Glick, $.50; S. L. Huff- 
man, $1.20; D. J. Simmons, $6.84, 83 04 

So. Dist., Cong.: Monte Vista (Bethle- 
hem) $28.01; Geo. A. Barnhart & Family 
(Germantown) $200; Pauline Nolley (Chris- 

tiansburg) $10, 238 01 

Washington — $207.60 

Cong.: Olympia, $44.38; Seattle, $86.15; 
Whitestone, $3; Melissa Longhenry (Ya- 
kima) $5; L. E. Ulrich (M. N.) (Wenat- 
chee) $1; J. W. Graybill (Wenatchee Val- 
ley) $5; W. A. Deardorff (Wenatchee Val- 
ley) $.50; W. H. Slabaugh (Wenatchee) $5; 
Ann C. Castle (Stiverson) $10; W. C. Leh- 
man (First Spokane) $6; Individual (Omak) 
$1; Mrs. Esther Myers (Centralia) $10; C. 
W. S.: Yakima, $3.92; Okanogan Valley Jrs., 

$6.65; Indv.: Mary Gans, $20, 207 60 

West Virginia— $450.34 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $400; Red 
Creek, $1.40; Old Furnace, $9; Raphael 
Baker (Allegheny) $1; Elvie C. Spaid 
(Capon Chapel) $3.75; Simon P. Idleman 
(Greenland) $3.19; Ollie Idleman (Greenland) 
$10; W. H. Muntzing (Greenland) $5; A 
Sister (White Pine) $1, 434 34 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: A Brother of Simpson 
(Bethany) $10; Indv.: No. 70468, $5; M. C. 

Czigan, $1, 16 00 

Wisconsin — $3.58 

Cong.: Rice Lake, $2.58; Mrs. Ruth Young 
(Chippewa Valley) $1, 3 58 

Total for the month, $ 8,423 84 

Total previously reported, 69,783 21 

Correction No. 22, 234 00 

Total for the year, $78,44105 

Arizona — $6.61 

S. S.: Glendale $ 6 61 

California— $472.79 

No. Dist., S. S.: Chico, $14.46; Empire, 
$68.35; Lindsay, $107.57; Live Oak, $32.71; 
McFarland, $13.07; Oakland, $14.90; Rio 
Linda, $7; Figarden, $63.78 321 84 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, $25.59; 

Pasadena, $125.36, 150 95 

Colorado— $65.02 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Bethany, 8 58 

W. Dist., S. S.: Fruita 56 44 

Florida— $21.70 

S. S.: Sebring, 21 70 

Idaho— $28.43 

S. S.: Fruitland, $7; Nezperce, $5.55; Wei- 

ser, $9.46; Nampa, $6.42, 28 43 

Illinois— $872.78 

No. Dist., S. S.: Students Class, Beth- 
any (Chicago) $94.87; Bethany (Chicago) 
$72.42; Bethany Chinese (Chicago) $4.45; 
Dixon, $8.30; Elgin, $34.77; Freeport, $20.29; 
Mt. Carroll, $1.78; Mt. Morris, $144.50; Pine 
Creek, $16.92; Polo, $70; Rock Creek, $5.50; 
Sterling, $8.76; Louisa (Waddams Grove) 
$88.33; " Class in the Corner " (Dixon), $19. 589 89 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, $61.40; Walnut 
Grove (Big Creek) $5.53; Cerro Gordo, $106; 
Canton (Coal Creek) $53.26; Decatur, $42.12; 
LaMotte Prairie, $6; LaPlace (Okaw) $8.58, 282 89 
Indiana— $1,489.42 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Eel River, $11.87; Pri- 
mary Dept., Eel River, $8.93; Hickory Grove, 
$81.29; Loon Creek, $17.03; Lower Deer 
Creek, $1.10; Markle, $2.25; Courter (Mexico) 
$18.50; " Sunbeam " Class, Courter (Mexico) 


The Missionary Visitor 


$1.50; Roann, $3.57; Salamonie, $149.38; W. 
Manchester, $3.08; W. Marion. $13.91, .... 312 41 

No. Dist., S. S.: Auburn, $20; Buchanan 
(Berrien) $8; Cedar Lake, $18.86; Elkhart 
City, $165; English Prairie, $54.45; Maple 
Grove. $25; Middlebury, $103.95; New Salem, 
$.50; No. Liberty, $70.91; Pine Creek, $35.66; 
Pleasant Hill, $30.50; Plymouth. $154.57; Rock 
Run. $3; Sec. So. Bend, $4.10; Turkey 
Creek, $64; Wakarusa, $30; Yellow River, 
$93.10, 881 60 

So. Dist., S. S.: Anderson. $146.65; Four 
Mile, $85.12; Indianapolis, $33.35; Kokomo, 
$9.53; Rossville, $16.51; White, $4.25, 295 41 

Iowa— $91.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Beaver, $3; Panora 
(Coon River) $5; Walnut Ridge (Prairie 
City) $26.45, 34 45 

No. Dist., S. S.: Sheldon, $1.60; Spring 
Creek. $12.30, 13 90 

So. Dist., S. S.: No. English, 42 65 

Kansas— $126.34 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Navarre. $49.26; Otta- 
wa, $34.84; Overbrook, $11.71; Wade Branch, 
$3.36; Washington Creek, $9.23, 108 40 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Bloom 17 94 

Louis ; ana — $12.39 
S. S.: Roanoke, 12 39 

Maryland— $757.70 

E. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) 
$84; Denton, $18.55; Green Hill, $22; Locust 
Grove, $5; Westminster (Meadow Branch) 
$54.56; Grossnickle (Middletown Valley) 
$10.30; Piney Creek, $9; Pipe Creek, $60; 
Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) $51; Reisters- 
town, $14.71; Washington City, $47.90; 
Bethany, $10.51, 387 53 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Zion (Beaver 
Creek) $11.35; Brownsville, $103.57; Hagers- 
town, $238.25; "Willing Workers" Class, 
Pleasant View, $14 367 17 

W. Dist., S. S.: Cumberland Mission, .... 3 00 

Michigan— $32.94 

S. S.: Elmdale, $9; Grand Rapids, $6.71; 
Hart, $6; Shepherd, $8; Woodland Village, 

$3.23, 32 94 

Minnesota — $5.34 

S. S. : Minneapolis, 5 34 

Missouri — $223.61 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: First Kansas City, 
$38.70; Mineral Creek. $43.76; So. Warrens- 
burg. $5.50; Fristoe Union (Turkey Creek) 
$25, 112 96 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Bethany (Pleasant View) 
$33.24; Shelby Co. Cong. & S. S.: $27.50; Wa- 
kenda, $6.85, 67 59 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, $36.56; Ca- 

bool, $6.50, 43 06 

North Carolina— $21.07 

S. S.: Brummett's Creek, 21 07 

North Dakota— $60.61 

S. S.: Berthold, $4; Egeland, $23; Minot, 

$4; Surrey, $29.61, 60 61 

Nebraska— $11.11 

S. S.: Beatrice, $8.38; So. Beatrice, $2.73, 11 11 

New Mexico— $9.11 

S. S.: Clovis 9 11 

Ohio— $1,771.89 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Ashland Dickey, $35.05; 
Bethel, Woodworth & Zion Hill, $21.58; 
Canton City, $118.81; Beech Grove (Chippe- 
wa) $28.39; E. Chippewa Cong. & S. S., 
$83.35; Cleveland, $15.67; Young Men's Class, 
E. Nimishillen, $10; Intermediate Boys, E. 
Nimishillen, $5; Primary Teachers, E. Nimi- 
shillen, $5; Primary Children, E. Nimishil- 
len, $35.60; Freeburg, $80.70; Kent, $32; 
Maple Grove, $23.42; Mohican. $13.85; Class 
of 3rd year Intermediate Girls, New Phila- 
delphia, $11.15; Olivet, $111.09; Richland, 
$2.54; Woodworth, $4.46; Zion Hill, $22.55, .. 660 21 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Sand Ridge, $24.67; E. 
Swan Creek, $18.50; Eagle Creek, $94.50; 
Fairview. $2.57; Lick Creek, $5.40; Walnut 
Grove (Silver Creek) $2; Hickory Grove 
(Silver Creek) $13.19; Toledo, $5.79, 166 62 

So. Dist., S. S.: Bear Creek, $94; Brook- 
ville, $127.70; Circleville, $7.35; Donnels 
Creek, $1; New Carlisle, $9; Pleasant Hill, 
$66.64; Pleasant Valley, $28; Poplar Grove, 
$16.59; Children's Division (Prices Creek) 
$65.50; Bethel (Salem) $12.31; Toms Run 
(Sugar Hill) $72.11; Trotwood, $227; W. 
Charleston, $85.75; W. Milton, $115.03; Zion, 
$17.08 • 


S. S.: Washita, 

Oregon— $30.54 

S. S.: Grants Pass, $16.89; Portland, $13.65, 
Pennsylvania— $2,547.47 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lititz, $85.42; Paxton (Big 
Swatara) $10; " Gleaner's " Class, Akron, 
$15; Akron, $30.38; Girls' Willing Workers' 
Class, Chiques, $12; Chiques, $12.81; Mt. 
Hope (Chiques) $12.69; Bachmanville (Con- 
ewago) $10.53; Lebanon (Midway) $120; Eph- 
rata, $33.80; Rankstown (Fredericksburg) 
$11.75; Heidelberg, $30; Mohrsville (Maiden 
Creek) $13; Myerstown, $10.11; Manor 
(Mountville) $45; Mountville, $5; Ella Grofr's 
Class (Palmyra) $7.78; Sunshine Class, (Pal- 
myra) $25; Mary Spitler's Class (Reading) 
$8; Reading, $45.13; Richland, $100; Man- 
heim (White Oak) $100 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Mount (Warriors 
Mark) $57.60; Rockhill (Aughwick) $5.35; 
Germany Valley (Aughwick) $8.50; Burnham, 
$15.55; Martinsburg (Cover Creek) $78.31; 
Clover Creek, $3.29; Everett, $148.50; Hun- 
tingdon, $301.52; James Creek, $5.25; "Work 
& Win" Class, Lewistown, $11; Riddles- 
burg, $3.50; Spring Run, $81.63; Adult Ladies' 
Bible Class, Spring Run, $5; Tyrone, $10.71; 
Upper Claar, $43.86; Curry ville (Woodbury) 
$90.89; Bethel (Yellow Creek) $40, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Codorus) 
$8.66; Hanover, $74.97; 5 Classes of Goodville 
(Lost Creek) $25.86; Boiling Springs (Lower 
Cumberland) $5.10; Friends Grove (Marsh 
Creek) $11; New Fairview, $1.91; Perry. $7.17; 
Shippensburg (Ridge) $106.16; " Alpine " 
Class (Ridge) $9; Eastville (Sugar Valley) 
$6.90; Black Rock (Upper Codorus) $10.56; 
Chestnut Grove (Upper Codorus) $57.86, ... 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Coventry, 

W. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Joy (Jacobs Creek) 
$144.86; Beachdale (Berlin) $56.68; Union- 
town (Georges Creek) $40; Geiger, $7.75; 
Greensburg, $25; Locust Grove, $6.27; W T il- 
pen Mission (Ligonier) $7.03; Diamond ville 
(Manor) $3.05; Maple Glen, $12.55; Pike 
Run (Middle Creek) $11; Red Bank, $6.76; 
Ridge (Shade Creek) $4.50; Berkey (Shade 

Creek), $11.94; Ten Mile, $21.07 

Tennessee— $21 .35 

S. S.: Meadow Branch, $16.81; Piney Flats, 


Virginia— $804.45 

E. Dist., S. S.: Cannon Branch (Manas- 
sas) $50; Midland, $34; Green Co, Industrial 
School (Mt. Carmel) $13.78; Nokesville, 

First Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View (Chest- 
nut Grove) $10.08; Bethesda (Cloverdale) 
$25; Green Hill, $9; Oak Grove Cong. & S. 
S. (Peters Creek) $50; Peters Creek, $100; 
Tinkercreek (Roanoke) $10; New Bethel 
(Troutville) $4.41, 

No. Dist., S. S.: Garber's (Cooks Creek) 
$4.75; Cedar Grove (Flat Rock) $4.74; Mt. 
Zion (Greenmount) $24.30; Mill Creek, $93.35; 
Hawksbille (Mt. Zion) $2; Salem, $27.92; 
Timberville, $23.45, 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, $9.16; Oak 
Grove (Lebanon) $26.74; Lebanon, $39.82; 
Mt. Vernon S. S. & Cong., $8.52; Sangerville, 
$120.97; Staunton, $4.25; Grottoes (Valley 
Bethel) $10, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Burks Fork, $4; St. Paul, 

$5.66; Topeco, $12.14; Pulaski, $10.85, 

West Virginia— $50.12 

First Dist., S. S. : Bean Settlement, $2.22; 
Beaver Run. $5.65; Harness Run (Knobley & 
Beaver Run) $25; Glade View (Eglon) $3.75; 

945 06 
27 17 
30 54 

743 40 

910 46 

325 15 
210 00 

358 46 
21 35 

163 34 

208 49 

180 51 

219 46 
32 65 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brick (Greenland) $6.50, 43 12 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Goshen, 7 00 

Washington— $117.08 

S. S.: No. Spokane, $20; Okanogan Val- 
ley, $60.73; Olympia, $5.35; Outook, $4; 

Whitestone, $27 117 08 

Wisconsin — $31 .00 

S. S.: White Rapids, $1.75; Rice Lake, 
$22.16; Maple Grove, $4.41; Chippewa Val- 
ley, $2.68, 31 00 

Total for the month, $ 9,709 24 

Total previously reported, 31,892 87 

Total for the year, $ 41,602 11 

Illinois— $120.00 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 
Bible School, $121; Students & Faculty of 

Mt. Morris College, $5 $ 126 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fred A. Replogle (Pyr- 

mont), 25 00 

Kansas — $56.75 

S. W. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mc- 
Pherson College, 56 75 

Total for the month, $ 207 75 

Total previously reported, 3,386 45 

Total for the year, $ 3,594 20 

Arizona — $6.40 

Aid Soc: Phoenix, $ 6 40 

California— $47.50 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Pasadena, $25; Cal- 
vary (So. Los Angeles) $22.50, 47 50 

Florida— $35.00 

Aid Soc. : Sebring, 35 00 

Idaho and W. Mont.— $40.00 

Aid Societies, 40 00 

No. III. & Wis.— $99.50 

Aid Societies, 99 50 

Iowa— $31.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Liberty ville 31 00 

Maryland— $325.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, $265.00; So. 
Brownsville (Brownsville) $15; W. Browns- 
ville (Brownsville) $30; Mt. Zion (Beaver 

Creek) $15, 325 00 

Missouri— $38.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Rockingham, 25 00 

S. W. Dist. Aid Societies, 13 00 

Nebraska & N. E. Colo.— $119.61 

Aid Societies, 119 61 

Ohio— $384.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies, 126 50 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 257 50 

Oregon — $12.00 

Aid Soc : Portland, 12 00 

Pennsylvania — $160.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Elizabethtown, $30; Hei- 
dleberg, $10 40 00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 75 00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Royersford, $10; 

Parkerford, $35, 45 00 

Virginia— $125.00 

No. Dist. Aid Societies, $100; Greenmount, 

$25, 125 00 

Washington— $45.00 

Aid Societies, 45 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,468 01 

Total previously reported, 9,742 09 

Total for the year, , $11,210 10 


Illinois— $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $ 2 00 

Kansas— $15.00 

N. W. Dist., Two Families (Belleville), .. 15 00 

Ohio— $.90 

N. E. Dist., Men's Bible Class (Wood- 
worth), 90 

Total for the month, $ 17 90 

Total previously reported, 1,163 45 

Total for the year, $ 1,181 35 

Ohio— $102.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Matilda Groff (New 
Philadelphia), 100 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Claude G. Vore & 
Wife (Lima), 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 102 00 

Total previously reported 889 99 

Total for the year, $ 991 89 

Colorado— $3.00 

Cong. : Antioch, $ 3 00 

Ohio— $21.72 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Sand Ridge, 14 98 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middletown, 6 74 

Pennsylvania— $102.54 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Martinsburg Missy. 
Soc. (Clover Creek) $9.45; M. H. Brum- 
baugh (Fairview) $5; Aid Soc: Snake 
Spring, $20, 34 45 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Rowe 
(Antietam), 10 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Harmonyville, • 8 09 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morellville, 50 00 

Virginia— $5.00 

Cong.: H. S. Knight (Mt. Carmel), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 132 26 

Total previously reported, 4,245 53 

Total for the year $ 4,377 79 

California— $3.60 

No. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Dept., 

(Oakland), $ 3 60 

Delaware— $45.77 

Indv. : Wm. A. Hochstedler & Wife, 45 77 

Canada— $87.50 

Cong.: No. 71138 (Irricana), 87 50 

Indiana— $4.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chas. Ellabarger (Net- 
tle Creek), 4 25 

Missouri— $.50 

S. W. Dist., S... S.: Carthage, 50 

Ohio— $5.00 
' N. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Children (E. 

Nimishillen), 5 CO 

Pennsylvania — $65.54 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fredericksburg, $16.20; 
Richland, $37.34, 53 54 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Brum- 
baugh (Clover Creek) 2 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. H. B. Winey (Lost 
Creek), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 212 16 

Total previously reported, 2 179 54 

Total for the year, $ 2,391 70 


Florida— $20.00 

Indv. : J. E. Young, $ 20 00 

Indiana — $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Guardian" Class, 

No. Winona, 20 00 

Nebraska — $15.00 

S. S.: Kearney, .' 15 00 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant View, .. 25 00 

Virginia— $25.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. A. S. Ringgold 
(Bridgewater), 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

105 00 
1.188 10 

1,293 10 

California— $5.40 

No. Dist., S. S.: King's Daughters 

Class (Lindsay), $ 5 40 

Illinois— $16.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 16 00 

Iowa — $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 5 00 

Kansas— $35.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Bloom, $25; E. Wichita. 

$10, 35 00 

Pennsylvania — $318.92 

E. Dist., S. S.: Ralph Heisey's Class, 
Palmyra, $5; Lititz, $75.48; C. W. S.: Indian 
Creek, $50, 130 48 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Bible 
Class (1st Altoona) $17.50; Aid Soc: Koontz, 
$35, 52 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hanover, 26 44 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 25 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Joy (Jacobs Creek) 
$2; Maple Glen, $17.50; A Brother & Sister 
(Manor) $35; Aid Soc: Meyersdale, $30, .... 84 50 

Virginia— $35.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mary Jackson (Roa- 
noke), 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 415 32 

Total previously reported, 1,533 28 

Total for the year, $ 1,948 60 

Illinois— $50.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Elmer M. Hersch & 
Wife (Blue Ridge) $25; S. S.: Young Ladies' 

Class, LaPlace (Okaw), $25 $ 50 00 

Indiana— $62.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Loon Creek, $25; W. Manchester, $25, 50 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Chapel, 12 50 

Iowa— $17.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 
Kingsley, 5 00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: So. Keokuk 12 50 

Kansas — $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: " Shining Lights " Class, 

Sabetha, 50 00 

Maryland— $75.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class, Wood- 
berry (Baltimore), 25 00 

Mid. Dist., Intermediate C. E., Hagers- 

town, 50 00 

Michigan— $25.00 

Cong.: Dr. C. M. Mote & Wife (Beaver- 
ton) $12.50; S. S.: Sunfield, $12.50, 25 00 

Missouri— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Sunbeam" Class, Wal- 
nut Grove (Smith Fork) 25 00 

Nebraska— $41.80 

S. S.: Beatrice, $25; C. W. S.: Alvo, $16.80, 41 80 

Ohio— $107.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Paradise (Wooster), .. 15 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Claude G. Vore & 
Wife (Lima) $25; S. S. : Primary Classes 
(Pleasant View) $12.50; " Willing Workers' " 
Class, Marion, $25 62 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleas- 
ant Hill) $5; S. S.: " Berean Bible Class" 

W. Dayton, $25, 30 00 

Oregon— $25.00 

Aid Soc: Portland 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $352.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Elizabethtown 50 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Delia Bechtel (Hunt- 
ingdon) $50; S. S. : Curry ville (Woodbury) 
$50; Snake Spring, $25, 125 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Annie Koontz (Que- 
mahoning) $50; S. L. Fyock & Wife (Manor) 
$50; S. S. : "Sunshine" Class, Maple Spring 
(Quemahoning) $50; Junior Boys & Girls, 

Maple Spring (Quemahoning) $2; " Willing 

Helpers " Class, Diamondville (Manor) $25, 177 00 
Wisconsin — $12.50 

Cong.: O. L. Harley (White Rapids), .... 12 50 

Total for the month $ 843 80 

Total previously reported, 4,512 28 

Total for the year, $ 5,356 08 

Arizona — $5.00 

S. S.: "Standard Bearers" & "Workers 

for Jesus" Classes (Glendale), $ 

Canada— $87.50 

Cong.: No. 71138 (Irricana), 

Illinois— $2.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: Floyd Wilson, 

Indiana — $34.95 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Salamonie, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Eld. David Metzler 
(Nappanee) $10.50"; Miss Mary Morris (1st 
So. Bend) $5, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chas. Ellabarger (Nettle 

Creek) $4; Four Mile, $15, 

Kansas — $8.05 

S. W. Dist., S. S. : Community (Salem), .. 
Maryland— $23.86 

E. Dist., Cong.: Westminster (Meadow 


Ohio— $8.25 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Baker, 

5 00 

87 50 

2 00 


15 50 

19 00 

8 05 

23 86 

8 25 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

169 61 
1,464 88 

Total for the year, $ 1,634 49 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Appanoose, $ 30 00 

Missouri — $30.80 
No. Dist., S. S.: Wakenda, 30 80 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

60 80 
403 51 

Total for the year, $ 

Illinois— $22.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Harvey Mote 

(Chicago) $ 

Virginia— $30.00 

Sec. Dist., Y. W. C. A. of Bridgewater 

464 31 

22 00 

30 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year , 


52 00 
384 19 

California— $25.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: McFarland $ 

Illinois— $50.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Class in the Corner," 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cora Clingingsmith 


Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 


Kansas — $25.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 

Class, Independence, 

Maryland— $115.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: J. A. & Mary H. Yager 
(Washington City) $25; S. S.: "The Build- 
ers" Class, Bethany, $75, 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Altruistic Bible Class," 


North Dakota— $6.25 

S. S.: "Banner" Class, Surrey, 

Ohio— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Paradise (Wooster), .. 

436 19 

25 00 

25 00 

25 00 

5 00 

25 00 

100 00 

15 00 

6 25 

25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


N. W. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers'* 

Class, Lima, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $117.96 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Andrew & Philip" Bible 
Class, Lancaster, 50 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, 49 21 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Always There" Class, 

Waynesboro, 18 75 

Virginia— $15.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Davis Nolley & Wife 
(Valley), 15 00 

Total for the month $ 409 21 

Total previously reported, 1,890 64 

Total for the year, $ 2,299 85 


Indiana — $1.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Salamonie, $ 1 50 

Ohio— $40.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Happy Corner (Lower 

Stillwater), 40 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Hooversville, $20; Aid 
Soc. : Hooversville, $5, 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 66 50 

Total previously reported, 136 00 

Total for the year $ 202 50 

Virginia— $50.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Alexander 
(Mt. Vernon), : $ 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Total previously reported 60 50 

Total for the year, $ 110 50 


California— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: McFarland, $ 5 00 

Indiana— $22.10 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Salamonie, $3; Pleasant 
Dae, $5.10, 8 10 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's 
Class, Middlebury 9 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rossville, 5 00 

Kentucky— $1.00 

Indv.: Owen Barnhart 100 

Maryland— $2.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 

Class, Washington City 2 50 

Michigan— $5.95 

Cong.: Dr. C. M. Mote & Wife (Beaver- 
ton), 5 95 

Minnesota— $8.78 

S. S.: Minneapolis, 8 78 

Missouri — $3.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 3 00 

Ohio— $60.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A Sister's Tithe (Free- 
burg), 30 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harry McPherson (W. 
Dayton) $5; Aid Soc: E. Dayton, $25, 30 00 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Indv.: Ellen Garst 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $500.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Always Willing Work- 
ers " Class, Waynesboro 500 00 

Total for the month, $ 613 33 

Total previously reported, 3,948 86 

Total for the year $ 4,562 19 


California— $17.27 

No. Dist., S. S.: Figarden, $8.80; Patter- 
son, $6.10; Live Oak, $1.37 $ 16 27 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Los Angeles, 1 00 

Colorado— $23.19 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: McClave 23 19 

Illinois— $25.86 

No. Dist., Cong.: Hickory Grove, $3.86; O. 
H. Willard & Wife (Chicago) $10; J. E. 
Burget & Wife (Chicago) $10, 23 86 

So. Dist., S. S.: Kaskaskia, 2 00 

Indiana— $19.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Walton, $12; A Friend 
(Peru) $2, 14 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Elmer Miller, 5 00 

Iowa— $32.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Panther Creek 30 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk 2 00 

Maryland— $67.70 

E. Dist., S. S.: Long Green Valley, $20.50; 
Bethany, $20.33, 40 83 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Manor, 26 87 

Michigan — $1.50 

Indv.: Unknown Sister of Scottville, .... 1 50 

Missouri— $6.12 

No. Dist., S. S.: Honey Creek, 6 12 

Ohio— $328.57 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Matilda Groff (New 
Philadelphia) $300; S. S.: Baltic, $16.07, .... 316 07 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Clara Landis (Cov- 
ington), 12 50 

Pennsylvania— $701 .05 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $86.93; Ridgely, 
$36.82; E.. Fairview, $67.88; Chiques, $111.01; 
Spring Creek, $28; S. S.: Chiques, $9.81; 
Young Men's Bible Class, Spring Creek, $5; 
Midway, $30; Palmyra, $37.44; Spring Creek, 
$1; Young Women's Bible Class, Spring 
Creek, $20; Busy Workers' Class, Palmyra, 
$16.74; Paxton (Big Swatara) $30; Aid Soc: 
Palmyra, $15 485 63 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Esther Hamilton 
(Everett) $2; S. S.: Koontz, $25; Busy Bee 
Class, Bannerville (Dry Valley) $2.50; King's 
Daughters' Class (Huntingdon) $10; Spring 
Mount (Warriors Mark) $23.40 62 90 

So. Dist., Cong.: Upper Conewago, $117.88; 
S. S. : Sec. York, $16.27, 134 15 

W. Dist., Cong. : Maple Glen, 18 37 

Virginia— $55.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Daleville, $16; Mason's 
Cove Church (Peters Creek) $3, 19 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 36 50 

Total for the month, $ 1,277 76 

Total previously reported, - 6,628 74 

Total for the year, $ 7,906 50 

Idaho— $54.67 

S. S.: Clearwater, $35; Fruitland, $19.67, ..$ 54 67 
Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: J. E. Burget & Wife 

(Chicago), 10 00 

Indiana— $80.90 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Manchester 80 90 

Total for the month $ 145 57 

Total previously reported, 370 62 

Total for the year, $ 516 19 

California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. Bock (Pomona) $ 10 00 

Illinois— $171.00 

No. Dist., Cong. : Wm. M. Davis (Rock 
Creek) $25; Wm. & Adaline Beery (Elgin) 
$1; W. E. McNutt (Shannon) $10; Laura 
Puderbaugh (Chicago) $25; Mrs. Mary Fahr- 
ney (Chicago) $100; J. E. Burget & Wife 

(Chicago) $10, 17100 

Indiana— $7.23 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, 7 23 

Maryland— $15.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: O. A. Helbig & Wife 

(Washington City), 15 00 

Michigan — $1.50 

Indv.: Unknown Sister of Scottville, .... 1 50 

Missouri — $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary M. Cox, .... 1 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio— $23.50 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Clara Woods, 1 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, $5; P. F. 
Dukes & Wife (Greenspring), $5 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Clara Landis (Cov- 
ington), 12 50 

Pennsylvania— $8.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Sarah H. Hertzler 
(Elizabethtown) 5 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Geo. Ditmer 

(Lower Cumberland), 3 00 

Washington— $19.00 

Cong.: Seattle, 19 00 

Total for the month, $ 256 23 

Total previously reported, 19 47 

Total for the year, $ 275 70 

Iowa— $.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Vernon Wilson (Kings- 
ley), • 25 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Frank Meyers & Wife 
(James Creek), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 25 

Total previously reported, 3,734 35 

Total for the year, $ 3,744 60 


Michigan— $7.00 

Indv.: No. 70688 and No. 70936 of Brutus ..$ 7 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 

Total previously reported, 312 59 

Total for the year, $ 319 59 


Pennsylvania— $28.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Willing 
Workers Class, Chiques, $ 800 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Frank Meyers & Wife 
(Tames Creek) $10; S. S. : Spring Mount 

(Warriors Mark), $10, 20 00 

Virginia— $102.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Sunshine" Class, Fair- 
view (Unity), 2 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Geo. A. Barnhart & 
Family (Germantown), 100 00 

Total for the month, $ 130 50 

Total previously reported, 3,930 88 

Total for the year, $ 4,061 38 


Pennsylvania— $4.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Riddlesburg, $ 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 00 

Total previously reported, 8,413 91 

Total for the year, ,...$ 8,417 91 


California— $70.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Los Angeles, $ 70 00 

Idaho— $20.00 

Cong. : Boise Valley, 20 00 

lUinois— $70.68 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $20.93; Polo, 

$49.75 70 68 

Indiana— $518.90 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelor Run, $141.90; 
Pleasant View, $115; S. S.: W. Manchester, 
$40 296 90 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $50; Cedar 
Lake, $7; Rock Run, $100 157 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $40; Ross- 

ville, $25, 65 00 

Iowa— $710.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo 710 00 

Maryland— $426.60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Denton, $27; Pipe Creek, 

$150; Washington City, $249.60, 426 60 

Michigan— $34.75 

Cong.: Sunfield, $32.35; S. S.: Bible Class, 

Sunfield, $2.15 34 75 

Nebraska— $44.42 

Cong. : Octavia, 44 42 

Ohio— $429.29 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland City, $57.80; 
Board of Religious Education, $100, 157 80 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lima, $101.09; Marion, 
$11.50, 112 59 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lower Stillwater, $20; 
Salem, $129; S. S.: Happy Corner (Lower 

Stillwater) $9.90, 158 90 

Oklahoma— $117.00 

Cong. : Washita, 117 00 

Oregon— $40.00 

Cong.: Grants Pass, 40 00 

Pennsylvania— $767.88 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, $30; Eld. 
John C. Zug (Palmyra) $10, 40 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St., Altoona, $100; 
Ardenheim, $50; Carson Valley, $66; Fair- 
view, $59.44; Huntingdon, $301.46; S. S.: 
Cherry Lane (Snake Spring) $91; Clays- 
burg, $12.62, 680 52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Falling Spring, $5; Green 
Springs Church (Upper Cumberland), $5.36, 10 36 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Pottstown 5 40 

W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Glen, $15; Mt. 

Pleasant, $16.60, 31 60 

Virginia— $204.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, 37 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Grove (Flat Rock) 
$25; Flat Rock, $18; Frank Stultz & Wife, 
Crab Run (Upper Lost River) $14, 57 00 

Sec. Dist.. Cong.: Elk Run, $35.28; S. S.: 
Elk Run, $1.17 36 45 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $27.55; Brick 

(Germantown), $25.50; Topeco, $21, 74 05 

Washington— $26.42 

S. S.: Mt. Hope, $16.42; E. Wenatchee, 
$10, 26 42 

Total for the month $ 3 480 44 

Total previously reported 40,609 77 

$ 44,090 21 
Correction No. 21 15 56 

Total for the year $ 44,074 65 

California— $33.29 

So. Dist., Cong.: Inglewood, $ 33 29 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Albertin Moise (Can- 
ton City), 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.56 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Curry ville (Woodbury), 10 56 

Total for the month, $ 48 85 

Total previously reported, 228 71 

Total for the year $ 277 56 


Iowa— $17.45 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley (American 

Bible Society, uses in Japan), $ 17 45 

Pennsylvania— $2.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Howard Kimmel & J. L. 
Ankeny (American Bible Society), 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 19 45 

Total previously reported 129 18 

Total for the year $ 148 63 

Illinois— 425.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cora Brower (Bethany- 
Chicago) $5; O. H. Willard & Wife (Chi- 
cago), $20 $ 25 00 

Indiana— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Chas. R. Oberlin (Mon- 
ticello), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 35 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 122 22 

Total for the year, $ 157 22 

Idaho— $125.00 

Nezperce Cong.: for Dr. D. L. Horning, 
$75; Nezperce S. S.: for Dr. D. L. Horn- 
ing, $50, $ 125 00 

Illinois— $376.36 

No. Dist., Butterbaugh Family for A. G. 
Butterbaugh, $166.50; S. S.'s of No. 111. & 
Wis., for Kathryn Garner, $204.82,. 371 32 

So. Dist., Panther Creek S. S., for Eliza 

B. Miller, . . 5 04 

Indiana— $226.80 

So. Dist., Locust Grove S. S. (Nettle 
Creek) for Ina M. Kaylor, $125; Buck Creek 

Cong., for Nettie B. Summer, $101.80, 226 80 

Iowa— $941.65 

Mid. Dist., Dallas Center S. S., for Helser 
Foreign Budget, $300; Cedar Rapids S. S., 
for Emma Horning, $550, 850 00 

So. Dist., No. English S. S., for Nettie 

Senger, 91 65 

Kansas— $1,027.60 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S., $4.35 and Scott 
Valley S. S., $23.25 for Emma H. Eby, 27 60 

S. W. Dist., J. D. Yoder (Monitor) for 

Myrtle Pollock and Lulu Ullom, 1,000 00 

Nebraska— $90.72 

Bethel Cong., $66.80; Primary & Junior 
Depts. of Bethel S. S., $23.92 for Raymond 

C. Flory, 90 72 

Ohio— $1,937.51 

N. E. Dist., Hartville S. S. : for Anna 
Brumbaugh, $100; Owl Creek Cong., for 
Lola Helser, $193; Elizabeth Toms of Owl 
Creek for Lola Helser, $10, 303 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: H. A. Throne (Silver 
Creek) for Chalmer G. Shull, 125 00 

So. Dist., Salem Cong., for Minnie F. 
Bright, $9.51; Trotwood Cong., for Eliza- 
beth W. Oberholtzer, $500; S. S.'s of So. 
Ohio for O. C. Sollenberger and Elizabeth 

Baker, $1,000.00, 1,509 51 

Pennsylvania— $2,468.75 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker (Everett) for 
Feme H. Cofrman, $37.50; Everett Cong, for 
Dr. Carl Cofrman, $75; Albright Cong. & 
S. S., for Olivia D. Ikenberry, $30, 142 50 

So. Dist., No. 71160 (Upper Conewago) for 
E. L. Ikenberry, 500 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S. Association for a mis- 
sionary in India, 30 00 

W. Dist., Scalp Level Cong., for Anna Z. 
Blough, $128.75; Windber Cong, for Anna Z. 
Blough, $137.50; S. S.'s of W. Pa., for Ida 
Shumaker, Olive Widdowson and Grace 
Clapper, $1,530.00 s .. 1,796 25 

Tennessee — $30.88 

Sweetwater Valley S. S., $3; Piney Flats 
S. S., $8; New Hope S. S., $14; Meadow 

Branch S. S., $5.88 for Anna B. Seese, 30 88 

Virginia — $348.30 

First & So. Dist. S. S.'s, for Rebecca 
C. Wampler, 20 00 

So. Dist., Burks Fork S. S. for Rebecca 
C. Wampler, 5 00 

Sec. Dist., Pleasant Valley S. S., for Edna 
Flory, $200; Barren Ridge Cong., for Nora 

Flory, $123.30, 323 30 

Washington— $250.00 

Missy. Society of Wenatchee Valley, for 
Ada Dunning, 250 00 

Total for the month, $ 7,823 57 

Total previously reported, 37,741 39 

$ 45,564 96 
Correction No. 21, 15 56 

$ 45 580 52 
Correction No. 22, 234 00 

Total for the year, $ 45,346 52 


(Continued from Page 103) 

Sister Grisso has engaged passage to return to 
America. On account of health conditions she i> 
going a few weeks early. 

On account of an increased enrollment in the school 
at Palghar an increase in the teaching force is 
necessary. _*g 

Sisters Mow and Grisso had the privilege of visit- 
ing several schools of other missions — the girls' 
school at Baroda and Women's Training School at 
Godra, both under Methodist direction, also the 
girls' school at Kaira and boys' school at Dolka, 
both of the Alliance Mission. They were well 
pleased with the work and found many helpful sug- 
gestions from seeing how other folks do their work 

Sister Blickenstaff and David have gone to Cal- 
cutta for further physical examination. Dr. Nickey 
is there now and will assist them in getting proper 
medical counsel. 


to/)e Missionary Review 
of the World 

$2.50 Per Year 

For thoughtful students of missions 

$1.50 Per Year 

A Missionary Magazine of Charming 
Interest for Children 


Order From 

erveral Mission. Board 


Elgiiv Illinois 



Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Admin : stered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bronderslev, D' nmark 

*Esbensen, Niels, 1920 
*Esbensen, Christine, 1920 

Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C. 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language School, 

Peking, China 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman. Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L. 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 

Shansi, China 

Myers. Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 

Canton, China 
*Gwong, Moy, 1920 
Smith, Albert R., 1923 
Smith, Verona, 1923 

On Furlough 
Clapper, V. Grace, Hunting 
don, Pa., care College, 1917 
Heisey, Walter J., Boston 

Ind., 1917 
He-'sey, Sue R., Boston, Ind. 

Miller, Valley, 1919, Port Re 

public, Va. 
Oberholtzer, I. E., Eliza 
bethtown, Pa., 1916 

* Native workers trained 

Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., 1916 

Seese, Norman A., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1917 

Seese, Anna, Bridgewater, 
Va., 1917 

Schaeffer, Mary, 1917, 505 
Hand Ave., Lancaster, Pa. 

Shock, Laura J., 5752 Dor- 
chester Ave., Chicago, 1916 

Wampler, Ernest M., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven, Conn., 1918 

Wampler, Vida A., 60 
Townsend Ave., New 
Haven. Conn.. 1918 


Carkida, Nigeria, West Africa, 
via Jos, Nafada & Biu 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite Schrock, 

Helser, A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Kulp, Ruth Royer, 1923 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 
Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Effie V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J. 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell. Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T.. 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R, 1919 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney. Anna M., 1897 
in America. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 1919 
Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 
Pest Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer,.. Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Gnsso. Lillian, 1917 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Wineer 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M.. 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Replogle. Sara G., 1919 
On Furlough 

Garner. H. P., 164 N. Prairie 

St., Batavia, 111., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 164 N. 
Prairie St., Batavia, 111., 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Miller Eliza B., Waterloo,- 

Ia., R. 1, 1900 
Mohler, Jennie, Leeton, Mo. 
care of D. L. Mohler, 1916 
Ross. A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 
Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 
Zl J| Ier kathryn. Limerick, 

Detained Beyond Furlough 

Pi Hiira; i£h m - Pleasant 

Pittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill, O., 1904 

inT^y- b - Mt - M ° rris ' 

Stover Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ns, 111., 1894 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 


Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 

Please Notice.-Postage ion letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

VQ:;i::/.-\ ;''',,,'. .-m^ 'H.'VyV 


That much was lost every minute in 1923 
through business failures. A staggering 
total of nearly $540,000,000. 

How much of this did you lose through 
investments which turned out badly? A 
minute's worth? That was too much. 

There is no Certain rule for making SAFE 
investments. It is the best advice how- 
ever to avoid putting money into the 
hands of others managing new and un- 
tried enterprises. Watch for the " going 
concern," the business that has been suc- 
cessful for years. To such should be en- 
trusted at least the most of your surplus 

The General Mission Board has been a 
" going concern " in the annuity invest- 
ment field since 1897. You need to know 
about its Annuity Plan. ASK FOR 
BOOKLET V244. It will gladly be sent. 

f!er\eral Mission. Board 



v £lgir\.Jllirvoi5 


ChuvclKof the ^Brethren 

*--■ r — ' 

Vol. XXVI 

M&y, 1924 

No. 5 

This Issue 

Messages from Pioneer Missionary Leaders 








fi. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

/. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription 
for every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
fi possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


Making a Will— A Duty 

FAITHFUL STEWARDSHIP means that we are responsible 
for property entrusted to our care. As Christians, we are 
responsible for its use in life and its disposition at death. 
Unless this is done otherwise, we should make a will. This duty 
we owe to ourselves, to the State, and to all who have helped to 
accumulate it. It is the last chance to express our appreciation 
of God's bounties to us. While remembering others, do not forget 
the GENERAL MISSION BOARD as the servants of the Church 
for its world-wide evangelism ! 

Jl Form of Bequest 

I give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the 
Church of the Brethren, a corporation of the State of Illinois, with 
headquarters at Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, their successors and 

assigns, forever, the sum of dollars, to be 

used for the purpose of said Board as specified in their charter. 

general emission ®oard, Church of the Brethren? (?lgin, 711. 



"^ — - - ~ — SH 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Beard 

Volume XXVI 

MAY, 1924 

No. 5 




The Hershey Conference Mssionary Offering, By the General Mission 

Board, 131 

Our Early Missionary Enterprise, By J. H. Moore, 132 

The Why of Missions, By H. C. Early, 133 

The Contagion of Living a Sermon, By Samuel H. Hertzler, 134 

I Learned to Preach by Preaching, By the Editor, 137 

Missionary Efforts of Years Ago, By P. S. Miller, 138 

My First Missonary Impulse Was in My Parental Home, By L. W. 

Teeter, . . 140 

Helps and Hindrances to Missions, By Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, 141 

China Notes for February, 142 


Home Mission Activities of the Washington City Church, By Bertha F. 
Thomas, 144 


Missionary News, 146 

Methods and Programs, 148 


Introduction to Aunt Adalyn, 150 

By the Evening Lamp, 150 

Nuts to Crack, 152 



About Our Writers This Month 

Those who speak to the Visitor readers 
this month, speak out of the wealth of years 
of experience. For this reason they have 
ample liberty of speaking to the church 
along missionary lines. They are some of 
the foremost leaders of the older generation. 
Elder J. H. Moore has been a leader of 
long years in the church. He was editor of 
the Gospel Messenger for the years 1891- 
1916. Elder H. C. Early scarcely needs any 
introduction for he has been moderator of 
Annual Conference seven different times, 
has been a member of the General Mission 
Board since 1901 and chairman of the Board 
since 1913. Elder Samuel Hertzler is a 
strong church leader and has been a father 

for Elizabethtown College as well as the 
Eastern Pennsylvania District. Elder L. 
W. Teeter has been a notable leader in In- 
diana as well as in the entire Brotherhood. 
He served as a member of the General Mis- 
sion Board during the period, 1897-1902 and 
1906-1910. Elder P. S. Miller for long years 
has been the elder of the Roanoke City 
church that now has over a thousand mem- 
bers. Elder Jonas Graybill is also one of 
the old faithful workers of First District of 
Virginia. Sisters Adaline H. Beery and 
Eleanor J. Brumbaugh have made many 
valuable contributions to the church 
through their ability as writers. Their 
lives of devotion to the church are like 
bright and shining lights. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Debt to the Older Generation 

The older generation were at one time 
young folks and the dash and idealism of 
youth today is no new thing to them for I 
dare say that any one of the older folks 
can relate some tales of lively interest about 
their younger days. But they are far wiser 
than the young folks for they have the ad- 
vantage of having been young folks and 
also are now the older folks. They were not 
self-made men for they received a wonder- 
ful heritage from their fathers. 

It is easy enough for the young people to 
feel a high self-estimate in thinking of their 
own accomplishments, but let not one of us 
forget that we build on the foundation that 
has already been laid and it was laid by 
many who are now in their declining days. 
These older people have made great sacri- 
fices in many instances to bequeath to us 
a godly heritage, and let us be thankful and 
give a ready ear to the suggestions they 
offer from many years of experience. 


The Board convened in regular session 
April 16. The chairman, Bro. H. C. Early, 
was ill and could not be present. Otho 
Winger, the vice chairman, acted in the 
absence of Bro. Early. J. J. Yoder, A. P. 
Blough and H. H. Nye were present. At 
the request of Bro. Early and an action of 
the Board, Bro. C. D. Bonsack, the secre- 
tary of the Board, acted as proxy for Bro. 
Early. The opening prayer was a very 
fervent one led by Bro. Yoder. The great 
questions confronting the Board made it 
imperative that God's guidance be sought 
and found in a very definite way. The mis- 
sionaries on the fields, feeling the need for a 
greater nearness to God and because of the 
illness of so many of the foreign workers, 
felt it would be a good step for the Board to 
set aside a definite period in the meeting 
for prayer and intercession. The Board 
decided to do this and passed a resolution 
that at the close of the first day of every 
Board Meeting there shall be a service of 
praise and intercession. Brethren F. S. 
Eisenbise and Leland Brubaker were present 
and they led the devotional service. Space 

will permit the reporting of only some of 
the more important items of the Board's 

China Church Constitution 

A new constitution for the church in 
China was approved which seems necessary 
and desirable since the Chinese Christians 
are growing in ability to assume more re- 
sponsibility. This will ask more of the 
Chinese along lines of both leadership and 
finance. The Board approved this move in 
so far as it does not involve any change in 
principle from the polity of the home 
church. In event some such change seems 
needed the mission is asked to refer same to 
the Board for presentation and approval by 
China Territory Extended 

The China Inland Mission has been as- 
suming the Christian responsibility for two 
counties just south of-our territory in China. 
They now declare their inability to prop- 
erly handle this situation and ask us to do 
so. Since this territory can very easily be 
handled by our workers from the Liao sta- 
tion the Board decided to accept this new 
responsibility, which will greatly increase 
our opportunity. No new American workers 
vwill be required for this but it will furnish 
^a new place of service for native Christians. 

Coast Agency in China 

The mission has been calling for a Coast 
Agent and Treasurer for the China field. 
Now they have decided to place the ship- 
ping of goods in the hands of Tze Hop 
Shing & Co., Taku Road, Tientsin, and the 
buying of goods will be in the hands of J. 
Homer Bright who will make several trips 
to the coast each year to do the buying. 
The expense of this travel will be less than 
for a special worker and with this arrange- 
ment no special Coast Agent is needed. 

Because of the illness of Brethren A. W. 
Ross and J. M. Pittenger, two faithful pio- 
neer missionaries, it seems probable that 
they will not be able to return to India. 
The Board continues to grant them a sup- 
port from the Ministerial and Missionary 
Relief Fund instead of from mission funds 
with the hope that they may yet be cured 
and placed back in the work. Brother nd 

(Continued on Page 147) 

May The Missionary Visitor 131 



rHERE is a growing tendency to make our missionary offerings more regu- 
lar throughout the year. This is right. Giving unselfishly, for the good of 
others, is one of the most Christlike spiritual exercises, and should he a 
part of our regular worship. But the present year demands a special effort. We 
have a deficit to begin with. Consecrated and approved missionaries are £ep/ at 
home because of the lack of funds. Those on the field are making every sacrifice 
to keep the work from failing. Can we permit this, amid our comforts, and 
claim the Spirit of Jesus, who poured out his life for the world? 

We believe we ought to make the Hershey missionary offering a memorable 
one in sacrifice, liberality, and in every one taking part. Let every congregation 
plan now, through an every-member canvass, special offerings, or otherwise, to 
make a gift to this work- Let us do this in addition, even though we are giving 
systematically through the year. If the pastors and elders of the churches will 
bring this matter to the attention of their congregations prayerfully, in proportion 
to its importance, we can easily make the Hershey offering reach the amount of 
the approved Conference budget. 

We could do nothing better for our own spiritual good. It would hearten 
the burdened workers on the foreign field who toil under the tropical sun, amid 
needs of which we know nothing. It would bring help to Districts and churches 
in the homeland that must give up, unless rescued by additional funds and 
workers. It will cheer the young people who have offered themselves unreservedly 
for the work of the church, and are being sorely tempted by secular offers, and 
that of other boards. Above all, it would please the Lord, who so patiently 
awaits the demonstration of our faith in him. 

Moreover, it was just 200 years ago, in 1724, when the Church of the 
Brethren inaugurated its first organized effort in mission work- A band of 
fourteen, led by Peter Becker and appointed by the Germantown church, were 
sent forth, with seven horses, taking their turns in riding and walking. They 
spent many weeks in what was then the wilderness of Eastern Pennsylvania, on 
a successful missionary and pastoral tour. Names and churches that are his- 
toric grew out of that splendid work- Shall we, at Hershey, commemorate 
their heroic zeal and memory with anything less than their example of faith? 

Nothing could bind us together in love for each other and the Lord more 
than such a sacrificial offering for the Christ of Calvary. Suspicion, criticism, 
skepticism, human pride, and worldliness are sure to increase without it. If the 
claims of Jesus do not produce sacrificial devotion thereto, then to us he will cease 
to be divine! If the Bible does not lead us in obedience to its precepts and mes- 
sage of life to others, then to us, sooner or later, it will cease to be the revelation 
of God! A faith that is nourished with decreasing service and sacrifice is a per- 
ishing one! 

This matter of supporting the mission work °f th e church we dare not leave 
to our personal whims and feelings. But to the extent of our ability we must 
share in prayer and support with a heart perfect toward the Lord. Let every 
congregation make it a matter of prayer and thoughtful consideration! Let every 
congregation have a share! Let every member do something! And if we shall 
come with such an offering as unto the Lord, the windows of heaven will indeed 
be opened unto us as never before. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Our Early Missionary Enterprise 

Former Editor of the Gospel Messenger 

HOW did I first become interested in 
missionary work? I guess it must 
have been born in me. I cannot 
remember the time, since I began thinking, 
that I was not interested in mission work. 
You see, from the time I was four years old 

J. H. Moore 

until I dropped into the editorial chair, in 
1876, I was on the frontier or isolated from 
the church in some manner. All of my 
young associates were non-members. Even 
the young women with whom I kept com- 
pany were not members of the Church of 
the Brethren, and some of them not mem- 
bers of any church. I used to talk to them 
by the hour on religious subjects, and usual- 
ly carried a New Testament in my pocket, 
prepared to turn to the chapter or verse in 
proof of what I conceived to be right. 

In the harvest field, along the public high- 
way, and in the family circles I argued the 
matter of true religion with men and women, 
young and old. I was a " Dunkard " to the 

core, and thought that everybody should 

accept the faith and practice of the New 

Testament. " But," says one, " that was 

proselyting." Call it what you will, that 

was thoroughgoing home mission work in 

my young days, and all the denominations 

were working the game for all there 

was in it. Most of them are doing 

the same thing today, only a bit more 

politely. And furthermore, we got 

results, that usually stuck to the 

church and her principles. 

Do you now ask me when I first 
became interested in missionary 
work? I never knew anything else. 
I took to that sort of work like a 
duck to water. It was a part of my 
very make-up. But some one may 
f add, " That was home mission work, 

and not foreign." Well, along in the 
sixties, to a young man, the uncon- 
verted part of the United States 
looked like a pretty big field, large 
enough to command the full atten- 
tion of ten times as many preachers 
as we had in the whole church. The 
man whose missionary interest, in 
those days, reached from the At- 
lantic to the Pacific, and from the 
lakes of the north to the gulf in the 
south, was looked upon as broad- 
minded enough for any practical 
purpose in any denomination in the 
United States. 

As for " foreign mission work," in con- 
tradistinction to " home mission work," 
well, as a young man I never got a very 
clear conception of the difference. I looked 
upon this world as my home for the present, 
and my field of labor, and that to me meant 
all nations. That is the idea I got from 
Matt. 28:19, "Go ye therefore and teach all 
nations," and I cannot say that I have al- 
together outgrown the notion. So the de- 
cision of Northern Illinois, in 1876, to send 
Bro. Hope to Denmark struck me as just 
the right thing to do. In fact, I was so deep- 
ly interested in spreading the Gospel in 

(Continued on Page 136) 



The Missionary Visitor 


The Why of Missions 

Chairman of the General Mission Board 

IT is all in one word — the glory of God according to Mark 
in saving sinners, lost sinners. This is 
the why, and the whole why, of mis- 
sions. From whatever point of view you 
study the subject, you must arrive at this 

The preaching of the Gospel to all na- 
tions and to every creature — world-wide 
missions — is but the means to the end, not 
the end itself, and 
has no glory apart 
from the saving of 
sinners. Building up 
systems of mission- 
ary work, well offi- 
cered and manned, 
and the employment 
of many workers at 
the cost of much 
money and sacrifice, 
essential as they are, 
and the formidable 
showing for service 
they make, are but 
empty, burdensome 
machinery, without 
place and purpose, 
save as they result in 
saving sinners. The 
creation of govern- 
ments and civiliza- 
tion, laying the foun- 
dation of compre- H. C 
hensive systems of education, building hospi- 
tals and asylums for the unfortunate, and 
institutions of charity that always follow in 
the trail of the Gospel, desirable and beau- 
tiful as these conditions are, they are but 
clanging cymbals except as they contribute 
to the saving of sinners. The one end, and 
absolutely the only end of God's grace in 
this world, is to magnify and glorify him- 
self in saving sinners, lost sinners. And to 
the sane and spiritually-minded this is the 
highest motive. 

When Jesus commissioned the church to 
preach the Gospel to the world, he said, ac- 
cording to Matthew, " Go ye therefore, and 
make disciples of all the nations" (28:19); 

Go ye into all the 
world, and preach the gospel to the whole 
creation. He that believeth and is baptized 
shall be saved" (16:15, 16); according to 
Luke, "That repentance and remission of 
sins should be preached in his name unto 
all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. 
Ye are witnesses of these things. And be- 
hold, I send forth the promise of my Father 
upon you " (24 : 47- 
49) ; and according 
to John, Jesus charg- 
ing Peter, " Feed my 
Iambs, . . . Tend 
my sheep, . . . 
Feed my sheep " (21 : 
15-17). The one su- 
preme idea running 
through these words 
is the saving of sin- 
ners and God's glory 
in doing it. 

The early church, 
after the ascension 
of Jesus, gathered at 
Jerusalem, for the 
most part, not com- 
prehending the 
meaning of her com- 
mission. It took the 
heavy hand of per- 
secution to start 
Early them going. And 

then they went everywhere preaching the 
Gospel of the kingdom, that God might have 
glory in saving others — even as he had glory 
in saving them. And so, through all the 
ages following, those who knew the grace 
and love of God laid their lives on the altar 
of service and sacrifice, that the world 
might be brought to a saving knowledge of 
the truth for God's glory. 

When the little band of eight souls — five 
men and three women — the seed of the 
Church of the Brethren — began their career 
as a body of believers, at once they busied 
themselves with the preaching of the Gospel 
as the means of God's glory in saving the 

(Continued on Page 137) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Contagion o 


IT was a current saying that "a 'Dunker's 
word is as good as his bond." While 
some of the preaching may not have 
been up-to-date, there was no discount on 
the living of the Gospel. 

From these observations let me suggest 
some improvements in modern methods of 
home mission work. About the year 1909 

f Li 

S. H. Hertzler 

the Mission Board of Eastern Pennsylvania 
sent Bro. I. N. H. Beahm and the writer to 
the New England States for the purpose of 
locating any members that might be scat- 
tered throughout these States and recom- 
mending some prospective points for start- 
ing a mission. Possibly one year later Bro. 
Jacob Booz and the writer made a second 
and more thorough investigation of the 

Here are some of our findings : Most of 
the country churches were abandoned for 

ivmg a oermon 


religious worship, but used as Grange halls, 
for holding of fairs, lodge meetings and 
dances, most of the men being lodge mem- 
bers and cursing the preachers, calling them 
fakers ; old men professing to be athe- 
ists, practically all disregarding the Sabbath; 
farmers doing their regular farm work on 
Sunday. Having heard that there were to 
be services in a country church 
sixteen miles out from Belfast, 
Maine, we hired a team and 
drove out, to find a funeral service 
near by and no church service. 
We attended the funeral. Two 
preachers from town conducted 
it. The deceased was a Mason, 
and had made no profession of 
religion. Upon inquiry we found 
that the preachers' fees were 
fifteen dollars each. This, to- 
gether with some other data, 
explained the reason for some 
of the epithets applied to the 

In our report I said that if I 
were located in that country as 
a missionary I would not at- 
tempt to preach for about two 
years, but would, by the grace of 
God, live the Christian religion. 
"A heap o' livin' " is needed 
among these people. They are 
harder to reach than the hea- 
then. A sham religion has made 
a community of atheists of 
otherwise good people. Given a 
half-dozen families of earnest, 
sincere, devoted members in a 
community where the Brethren are un- 
known, and a faithful minister who does 
not shun to declare all the counsel of God, 
and you have the nucleus of a growing 
church. Given a half-dozen families of 
quarrelsome, insincere, worldly church mem- 
bers in the same community and I care not 
how faithful the minister, your missionary 
effort is doomed. The church is certainly 
not a place for perfect folks only, but the 
life of every member should be a help in 
winning others to the church. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Edgar A. Guest 

I'd rather see a sermon than to hear one 
any day, 

I'd rather one should walk with me than 
merely tell the way. 

The eye's a better pupil and more willing 
than the ear, 

Fine counsel is confusing, but example's 
always clear, 

And the best of all the preachers are the 
men who live their creeds, 

For to see good put in action is what every- 
body needs. 

I can soon learn how to do it if you'll let 
me see it done, 

I can watch your hands in action, but your 
tongue too fast may run, 

And the lectures you deliver may be very 
wise and true, 

But I'd rather get my lessons by observ- 
ing what you do. 

For I may misunderstand you and the high 
advice you give, 

But there's no misunderstanding how you 
act and how you live. 

When I see a deed of kindness I am eager 

to be kind, 
When a weaker brother stumbles, and a 

strong man stays behind 
Just to see if he can help him, then the wish 

grows strong in me 
To become as big and thoughtful as I know 

that friend to be. 
And all travelers can witness that the best 

of guides today 
Is not the one who tells them, but the one 

who shows the way. 

One good man teaches many, men believe 

what they behold, 
One deed of kindness noticed is worth forty 

that are told. 
Who stands with men of honor learns to 

hold his honor dear, 
For right living speaks a language which to 

everyone is clear, 
Tho an able speaker charms me with his 

eloquence, I say, 
I'd rather see a sermon than to hear one 

any day. 

Copyrighted. The George Matthew Adams 
Service. Used by Courtesy of Owner. 

The history of the large and conserva- 
tive churches of the Brethren in the east- 
ern part of Pennsylvania proves that a very 
effective method of missionary work is to 
move out from a strong center or base and 
take the field as you go. This was the 
method fifty years ago. After the church 
was well established at one point some of 

the earnest and faithful members living on 
the outer edges of the local church terri- 
tory would ask for meetings in their homes, 
and, Cornelius fashion, invite their kinsfolk 
and neighbors in; and the Peter preachers, 
having seen a vision, would respond, taking 
some of the brethren with them. It should 
be remembered that those who called for 
these meetings had a good report among 
their neighbors. The initial meeting was 
followed up by regular stated meetings, con- 
verts were made, and in due course of time 
a house of worship was built, which in 
turn became the center of an organized 
church. This method of procedure was in- 
stituted by Jesus himself, just before he 
ascended into heaven, when he said, " Ye 
shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusa- 
lem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and 
unto the uttermost parts of the earth." 
These instructions were followed by the 
Brethren when they landed at Germantown, 
so far as the work of the church is con- 
cerned in the United States, but they were 
rather slow in getting to the uttermost parts 
of the earth. 

Deviating somewhat from this plan the 
Eastern District of Pennsylvania made an 
effort in the last forty years to establish 
churches at various isolated points and met 
the following difficulties: 1. The few mem- 
bers in the vicinity were of a restless, roving 
disposition and lacked the good will of their 

2. The specific doctrines of the church 
were new to the community. 

3. The converts, if there were any, were 
proselytes from other churches, and not in 
good standing in their own denominations. 

Thus the new organization, if it ever ar- 
rived at that point, was a sort of mixture of 
weak, partially-indoctrinated members of 
our faith, such as united with the church 
from other motives than that of improving 
their spiritual condition, and in some in- 
stances with a view of getting financial aid. 
Several of these efforts have been aban- 
doned, owing to a lack of ballast. 

One of the main contributing causes to 
the success of the method outlined above 
was a faithful, devoted membership, and es- 
pecially the official body. I recall distinctly 
that my father, as elder in charge of a 


The Missionary Visitor 


prosperous church, would require a reason 
for the absence of any of the ministers or 
deacons from any of the regular appoint- 
ments. In other words, all ths officials were 
supposed to be present with their wives and 
some of their children at all the regular 
services, even though they lived miles away 
from the church. Such a thing as neglect- 
ing one's own church service for the sake 
of attending the services of another denom- 
ination was unthought of. The membership 
as a rule not only attended the meetings, 
but they lived their profession in their sev- 
eral communities. 


(Continued from Page 132) 

other lands, that had some Brethren Mis- 
sion Board issued a call, when I was about 
twenty-five years old, for workers to enter 
some of the distant fields, Bro. Wilbur Stover 
might have been denied the distinction of 
being our first foreign missionary. 

But I am asked another question: "How 
was missionary work done in your younger 
days?" The methods were simple, logical 
and successful. There were two methods — 
one by emigration and the other by the 
single-handed missionary. By the former 
method churches were established in prac- 
tically all the States from Pennsylvania to 
the Pacific coast. By means of the second 
method the churches thus established 
reached out into outlying points, and in this 
way more churches were built up. 

The first method of home missionary 
work, by emigration, got under way short- 
ly after the close of the Revolutionary War, 
and has been responsible for the greatest 
church expansion period known to our peo- 
ple. No other denomination has employed 
the method so successfully. All honor to 
the brave, zealous and faithful members — 
and they were not all preachers either — 
who were in the van of the movements that 
made so many good working churches a 
possibility! The churches thus established 
have been the backbone of the part of the 
Brotherhood west of the Ohio River. 

As for the preachers, who reached out 
from these churches and established others, 
all honor to them because of their faith, loy- 

alty to the Gospel and such sacrifices, as, by 
comparison, far outshine the sacrifices of 
the generation of workers following them. 
They lived and worked in a period when 
for mission success we stress the preachers, 
and so that made it hard on the preacher, 
but they never complained. We have now 
reached a period when the church as a body 
is stressed, but had it not been for the un- 
tiring efforts of the pioneer and advance- 
line preacher, we would have very few 
strong working churches to support mis- 
sions, schools or anything else. These were 
grand Christian men. Like other men they 
may have made a few mistakes, but their 
zeal, piety, loyalty to the Word of God, and 
sacrifices far outweigh their errors. As 
advance workers they understood their busi- 
ness. Their methods were finely adapted 
to their attainments and the generations 
they served. They laid solid foundations ; 
some of them built better than they knew, 
and made their work a success. Again, all 
honor to these early workers! They will 
deserve the crowns awaiting them. 

My period of activity, by overlapping 
both ways, passes from these stalwart work- 
ers over into the activities of a former as 
well as the present generation. In fact, I 
helped to generate the sentiment giving rise 
to most of the present wide-reaching move- 
ments. In this article I have not space to 
discuss the present movements, works and 
possibilities, and now only add, that if the 
present generation of workers, with the 
New Testament form of religion well in 
hand, can adjust themselves to modern 
needs as perfectly as the fathers met their 
conditions, and can succeed in establishing 
working churches as well as these fathers 
did, the church of the future is going to be 
in a position to give a splendid and credit- 
able account of herself. 

Sebring, Fla. 

WORLD-WIDE WORK for Children in 
our Sunday-Schools. A plan to enlist chil- 
dren in missionary endeavor this summer. 
Order the leaflet, "World-Wide Work," 
from the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 

I Learned to Preach by Preaching 



NOT many months ago I was attend- 
ing the Bible Term at Daleville Col- 
lege, and during the serious discus- 
sions on the subject of the ministry a good 
old brother, whom I learned to know as 
Bro. Jonas Graybill, rose to testify as to 
what he considered a good method for 
young ministers to learn to preach. He told 
how, at the time he was elected to the 
ministry, there seemed to be an ample sup- 
ply of ministering brethren behind the table, 
enough to fill all the preaching appoint- 
ments. So he told the other ministers, 
" Brethren, if you want me to learn to 
preach you will have to provide me a place 
to preach." The earnestness of young Bro. 
Graybill impressed the brethren as being 
so genuine that they provided a number of 
places, including the following: Springwood, 
Waskey's Mill, Poplar Grove, Fincastle, Cave 
Spring, Trinity Schoolhouse, and Bethel. 
The latter place still stands as a Brethren 

Bro. Graybill thinks the church is doing 
well in its foreign mission work, and he has 
been a faithful steward in prayer for mis- 
sions. His daughter told me that she does 
not remember hearing him pray, either at 
home or at church, when he failed to re- 
member mission work. 

Bro. Graybill has experienced eighty-nine 
years of this life and bears abundant testi- 
mony that long, faithful years in the minis- 
try (sixty of them) have only added to his 
physical as well as spiritual vigor. He had 
some very trying experiences during the 
Civil War. Feeling that he could not con- 
scientiously engage in war he refused to 
fight. The enrolling officer threatened to 
tie him to the enlistment wagon and drag 
him along. His consistent attitude in the 
whole matter finally won him exemption, 
and soon after this experience he entered 
the war against sin, as he related it to me. 

He believes that the dry folks will eventu- 
ally win out on the liquor question, but he 
is not at all certain whether the agitation 
for peace will bring any lasting results. 
One of the worst sins of the age, he says, is 

Jonas Graybill 

the extravagance of everybody, including 
church folks, and he believes this sin will 
in time bring a great change in our country. 
It is exceedingly refreshing for a young 
man to sit and listen to a faithful father, 
who might as easily as not be his great- 
grandfather. God bless these fathers and 
mothers who served their day so well, and 
may much peace and comfort yet be added 
unto their days! 

J* ■£ 

(Continued from Page 133) 
people. And so in the first twenty-one years 
of their history, until practically the whole 
church was in America, they had already es- 
tablished churches in Germany, the land of 
their nativity. And on reaching America 
they took up the work they had laid down 
in Germany. They went about preaching 
the Gospel and establishing churches, and 
had it not been for the backset of the Revo- 

(Continued on Page 139) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Missionary Efforts of Years Ago 


YOUR letter, soliciting me to contribute 
a brief article for a coming number 
of the Missionary Visitor, is received, 
the thought, or subject, being that of how 
missionary efforts were conducted in the 
years of my youth, or early life. My elec- 
tion to the ministry was on Good Friday, 
1878, thus giving me ample time to partici- 
pate in many of the activities in church 
work, which I did in order to make myself 
a useful worker in the church. For me to 
tell of very many of the incidents that took 
place during my early ministry, as they 
related to the actions of the church concern- 
ing missionary work 
of that day, would take 
more of the Visitor 
space than I want to. 
As a writer I feel to 
say that I do not con- 
sider myself gifted, be- 
sides being poorly 
equipped for it, there- 
fore I hesitate to do so 
at all, and I very reluc- 
tantly respond to your 

First, I feel to remind 
you and the Visitor 
readers that in the days 
of my early ministry 
the church where I re- 
sided opposed Sunday- 
schools, revival meet- 
ings and missionary meetings after the plan 
that the same church has nowadays. I hon- 
estly think, however, that, notwithstanding 
the opposition to missionary work as we 
now do it, the brethren of that day felt that 
their plan was the right one for preaching 
the Gospel in new territories or fields. 
Missionary offerings were not mentioned — 
I mean missionary money was not solicited. 
Instead, there was opposition to it, because 
it was thought to be wrong. It may aston- 
ish the younger membership of our present 
church to learn of this, yet that is just as 
it was in the church of thirty-five to fifty 
years ago. I have a lasting impression in 
my memory, to relate which will serve as 

P. S. 

evidence of what I am trying to tell the 

When preaching on a Sunday many years 
ago, to a very large congregation, I inci- 
dentally, yet somewhat enthusiastically, 
quoted Paul's manner of disputing and 
preaching in the school of Tyrannus daily 
for the space of two years, it being his way 
of spreading or making known the Gospel 
to every creature. I added that it was very 
strong gospel truth in favor of missionary 
and revival efforts by the church. At the 
close of the service two of the more aged 
brethren said to me, " Peter, you ought not 
to have said that," to 
which I replied by ask- 
ing whether I did not 
quote the scripture text 
concerning it correctly. 
The reply was, " Yes, 
but we think you ought 
not to refer to it as 
evidence favoring mis- 
sionary or revival ef- 
forts." I could hardly 
think it was an error 
on my part, being en- 
thusiastic on the ques- 
tion of missionary and 
revival efforts, but 
knowing the two dear 
aged brethren as I did, 
and realizing that it 
Miller was the teaching of 

that day, I urged no further question. 

The way of preaching the Gospel to 
every creature in those days was for the 
ministering brethren to ride horseback 
twenty to seventy-five miles to fill a few ap- 
pointments, and then return home, the 
minister doing it all from time to time with- 
out any one aiding, or offering to aid, in 
bearing the expenses. Nothing was said con- 
cerning expenses, either to the home church 
or the church visited. I say a few appoint- 
ments. In that age we were allowed the 
privilege of only two appointments at the 
same place, after filling which we were ex- 
pected to pass to the next appointment, or 
home, as the arrangements may have been 


The Missionary Visitor 


made. This was the rule, so, no matter how 
great the interest, two meetings at the same 
place were all, unless in an extremely rare 
case the limit could be three. The ministers 
of that day felt it to be their duty to look 
after the more isolated members and 
churches, and the result was, many good, 
strong congregations in adjacent territory 
were added to the home churches. This 
effort by the fathers in Israel may well be 
counted in their favor as faithfully working 
the isolated field. Many were the hard- 
ships encountered and sacrifices made, but 
notwithstanding it was so, the experience 
brought joy and delight both to the minis- 
ter serving and to those he 

To impress the readers 
as to how strenuous the 
task was at times, I will 
give a brief account of an 
experience, which, though 
more than thirty-five years 
ago, has not passed from 
my mind. On a Saturday 
afternoon about 2 o'clock, 
in company with Bro. I. N. 
H. Beahm (I furnishing the 
buggy and horse), I started 
on a journey of near thir- 
ty miles, to meet an ap- 
pointment. We were 
greeted with an interesting 
audience, both Bro. Beahm 
and I taking part in the 
service. After remaining 
for the night we traveled some miles farther, 
to fill another appointment at 11 Sunday 
morning. Here we were greeted with a 
good audience of eager listeners, Bro. 
Beahm preaching for them, using as his 
principal thought, " We be brethren," the 
language of Abraham to Lot. A splendid 
effort it was, developing the thought with 
the view of driving it home to the heart. 
I can readily say that Bro. Beahm suc- 
ceeded in impressing it upon my mind, to 
stay for all time. In the afternoon of the 
same day we continued our journey some 
miles farther to meet a 4 o'clock appoint- 
ment, where I delivered the message to an 
interested people. We left the church for 
home at 5 : 30 P. M., arriving there at about 

Thinking of the many ur- 
gent appeals coming to us so 
very often from those of our 
brethren managing the work 
for the church, I wonder 
whether the money will not 
soon flow more freely into the 
Lord's treasury. When will- 
ingness prevails, then the store- 
house or garner will be full 
and running over. Let us 
sing one more time, 
" My faith looks us to thee," 
" I love thy kingdom, Lord," 
" Oh, happy day, that fixed 
my choice 
On thee, my Sai 
my God.'' 

2 Monday morning. This much I have said 
with the view of impressing our way of 
doing missionary work thirty-five to fifty 
years ago, you, Bro. Minnich, having re- 
quested me by letter to do so. 

Comparing our manner of working the 
Lord's field with the more thought-out and 
matured plans of this day, together with 
the present advantages in modes of trans- 
portation and plenty of money, puts before 
us a question for profitable thought. Some 
one, I fear, will say, "Not plenty of money," 
so I venture to advance the thought that 
there is plenty of money for all needs, but 
not plenty of willingness to give the money. 
Thinking of it and of the 
many earnest and urgent 
appeals coming to us from 
those of our brethren who 
are managing the work 
for the church, I wonder 
whether the money will 
not soon flow more freely 
into the Lord's treasury, 
enough for all needs, and 
to spare. When willing- 
ness prevails, the store- 
house, or garner will be 
full and running over. 
Let's sing one more time : 

" My faith looks up tc 

" I love thy kingdom 

"Oh, happy day, that fixed 
my choice 
On, thee, my Savior and my God." 
>j <,$& 

(Continued from Page 137) 
lutionary War, and the seventy-five years' 
dormancy that followed, it is only a guess 
what the church would be today. 

Now, with the heritage of the missionary 
teaching of Jesus, the missionary spirit of 
the early church and the missionary zeal of 
our own church fathers, certainly we will 
not be unfaithful to our God and the multi- 
tude of the lost in this strategical hour. Let 
us rally to the call of our Captain. Let us 
do valiantly in service for God's glory in 
saving a lost world. 

Flora, Ind. 



The Missionary Visitor 



My First Missionary Impulse Was in My 
Parental Home 


1HAD good parents. They nurtured me 
along in the good way, the best they 
could. I recollect how they took us 
children to the old "Brick" church, and 
how glad I was to see the Sunday mornings 
come when we should go again. 

But there was no Sunday-school then. 
Our mother largely took the place of the 
Sunday-school in our home. She read the 
New Testament much, and told us many 
things in it. She offered each of us a New 
Testament if we would read it through. 
This I tried to do. All these things im- 
pressed me, when only ten years of age, that 
I ought to join the church. The one mid- 
night that I shall never forget was when 
I was so wrought upon by the strongest 
heart conviction that I would be lost if I 
did not join the church. But knowing of 
no other children in all the big Nettle Creek 
church that had joined it, I became afraid 
that I would be rejected if I should offer to 
join. I became sorely distressed, and began 
to weep and moan, in a subdued tone, so 
that my mother would not hear me, but she 
heard me, and asked what was the matter. 
I evaded an answer, feeling that she could 
not give me what I wanted. 

I now began to plan what to do with my- 
self. I was taught that there was a " good 
Man " — God — and I loved him much ; and 
that there was a " bad man " — the devil — 
but I hated him, because I thought he 
wanted me, and I determined that he should 
not get me. I wanted to do what the 
" good Man " wanted me to do. I wanted to 
join the church, but knew of no children of 
my age in the church, and more than likely 
I would be rejected, as not being old enough 
to join; then I would feel worse than ever. 
Next I tried to plan how I might put my- 
self out of existence, so that I would be 
nowhere — be annihilated, as I would say it 
now. I felt that, rather than let the devil 
get me, I would be ground to atoms in 
some kind of a mill. Then a good thought 
came to me, meaning that there was some- 

thing in me that could not be ground to 
atoms, and that I would still be somewhere. 
Then I concluded that the only thing left 

L. W. Teeter as he permitted his picture to be taken 
at the Calgary, Canada, Conference last June 

for me to do was to wait until I would be 
old enough not to be rejected by the church. 
So I waited twelve long, unhappy years, 
and until I was married, because I had ob- 
served, a number of times, that persons 
who had settled down in life were more ac- 
ceptable than unmarried persons. I recol- 
lect that when rather young persons joined 
the church, about the first thing some mem- 
bers would say, " If they will only hold out." 
I was then over twenty-two years old, and 
the first general series of meetings of the 
Nettle Creek church, of eight or nine days, 

(Continued on Page 153) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Helps and Hindrances to Missions 


WHAT is our greatest incentive to 
missionary work? That God may 
have honor and glory, and that 
people may be saved. When a soul is 
brought to God the overflow of joy and 
praise brings honor to the One who makes 
this relation possible. His wonderful love 
and mercy to us causes gratitude and praise. 
It also influences others to accept him and 
likewise give him praise. Salvation in the 
hearts and lives of cruel, rebellious, suffer- 
ing people will quiet them. Let us pray that 
they may soon know that the peace Jesus 
brought is for them, and that they may be 
willing to receive it. 

I first became interested in mission work 
because of the zeal my parents showed, as 
they sought to bring lost ones to Christ. 
They allowed the children to bring their 
schoolmates home with them, and our fam- 
ily worship, the Christian atmosphere of 
the home, though imperfect, did have an 
influence on them. Mother would say, 
" Perhaps we can help them to be better." 
We children were very glad when one 
young girl said, " I want to follow Jesus. I 
want to be baptized." When we asked if 
we might invite teacher or schoolmates, 
mother might have said, " I have enough to 
do without that," for she had, but if that 
teacher had not yet accepted Christ, she saw 
an opportunity to help and used it. Father 
rode many miles, horseback, to preach to 
the people, and when he came home the 
children heard them talk about prospective 
converts. We caught the spirit and learned 
to help in the work. We were pleased when 
my little brother came home one Sunday 
and told us, " Billy was baptized." That 
was our hired man. I could scarcely wait 
until I was considered old enough to fol- 
low Christ in baptism, and very few were 
taken at twelve. I was twelve in April, 
1866, and May 6 I was baptized. Certainly 
I did not know the whole meaning of it, 
but was I not in a good place to learn? My 
conscious ignorance embarrassed me more 
than any one knew, but I had God's help, 
and am praising him today because my 

Eleanor J. Brumbaugh 

parents did not say, "You are too young." 
Dear people, be careful about hindering 
your children. It is dangerous. Let the 
children come, but see to it that you do not 
let them go by neglecting to teach God's 
Word in the home. Teach them to pray, and 
to read the life and teachings of Christ. I 
wish there were more classes studying the 
Bible. It sounds very cultured to some ears 
to say one belongs to a Shakespeare, or 
some other club, but I assure you we are 
making a serious mistake if we allow these 
things to crowd out Bible study. Children 
notice what parents do and say. 

In our childhood days the evangelist 
could not get into a closed auto and reach 
his congregation in fifteen minutes. He 
generally went on horseback, taking the 
storm, rain and cold, finding a cool recep- 
tion in the spare bedroom after he had been 
warmed by real earnest work. But I am 

(Continued on Page 153) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ping Ting 

The Field Committee met at Ping Ting 
early in the month in its semiannual ses- 
sion. Important business was discussed and 
cared for. We had guests from all the 
other stations, to entertain whom is always 
a happy privilege. Some of these went to 
Peking immediately after the meeting, to 
attend the Educational Conference of North 
China. j8 

Mrs. Coffman and Miss Baker returned 
from the Nurses' Convention at Canton, all 
enthused with what they saw and heard and 
received. On a recent Sunday evening Mrs. 
Coffman gave a report of the conference to 
us. They met the Smiths at Hong Kong and 
their joy was, indeed, mutual. 

The schools are opening again after the 
New Year vacation of several weeks. Every- 
thing will soon be running in its usual order 
and routine. <£ 

The Woman's Bible School is opening a 
week later than usual, and the Christian 
women have gone in groups of two to live 
in the villages for a week, to tell the glad 
story to the many women who know so 
little of the Christ. 

The week of special evangelism was one 
of great interest to the church. Our Chris- 
tians, men, women, boys and girls, went 
" everywhere " preaching and singing the 
Word of Life. Many Gospels were sold 
and tracts distributed. Many thousands 
heard anew of a Savior through these ef- 
forts, and great joy came to the church. 
Those who could not go spent time in special 
prayer for those who were out. 

Tai Yuan 

We had a very interesting meeting Feb. 7, 
when about forty young men were specially 
invited to our mission quarters for an in- 
formal meeting to discuss " What I Think 
of Jesus and the Christian Religion." Most 
of those invited were not Christians, but 
were more or less interested in the claims 
of Christianity. Several Christians also were 
invited to help lead in the discussion. Though 
informal the meeting opened with song, 
Scripture reading and prayer. We had a 

pleasant, and we trust profitable, time to- 
gether. After about an hour we had a brief 
intermission for refreshments — tea, nuts 
and so forth — according to Chinese custom, 
and then went on with the meeting. At the 
close Pastor Chao asked those who felt to 
do so to make the first step toward the 
Christian life by writing their names in a 
book which had been prepared for that pur- 
pose in the adjoining room. And, beyond 
our expectations, twenty-six signed their 
names immediately and on the following 
day as inquirers. We felt during the meet- 
ing the moving of the Spirit, but rejoiced 
still more when we knew this large number 
had made the first step toward the Chris- 
tian life. To be an inquirer here may not 
mean quite what it does among some 
churches in America. For these young men 
it means that they want to study and learn 
more about the Gospel of our Lord. Some, 
of course, are nearer the church than others, 
but none are ready to be baptized as yet. 

Thank God for the Christian zeal of those 
baptized last fall, and for the patient, per- 
sistent, genuine efforts of our pastor and 
his helpers. Our total number of inquirers 
is now thirty-nine. A few of these have 
heard a little gospel teaching from others 
elsewhere. Pray that the work may con- 
tinue to grow, and that work among women, 
which is so imperative, may be started this 
fall. Thus far only work among men has 
been done, and that began last August. 

Feb. 8-15 was Evangelistic Week here. All 
of the Christian institutions of the city 
united and organized for this work in the 
city and near-by villages. Two or more 
persons went together. Several special meet- 
ings were held at the Y. M. C. A., where 
pictures were shown and sermons preached. 
Our Y. M. C. A. staff and mission workers 
took a leading part in this good work, and 
all feel pleased with the response of listeners 
and work accomplished. 
Shou Yang 

The Shou Yang Evangelistic Department 
naturally took advantage of the splendid 
opportunity for preaching the Gospel that 
is offered during the month of February. It 
is the time when the people have very little 



The Missionary Visitor 


to do and really expect to be visited. Dur- 
ing the Week of Evangelism we had three 
Evangelistic Bands who walked to various 
villages each day, distributing tracts and 
selling gospel portions, as well as preaching 
whenever opportunity presented itself, 
whether the crowd was large or small. Dur- 
ing the three days of the Lantern Festival. 
when great crowds visited the city, who- 
ever wished to was granted the freedom of 
the compound, which gave them an oppor- 
tunity to get a peep into the foreigners' 
houses and see anything else that might be 
of interest to them, thus making them feel 
better acquainted with the church and its 
work. After their curiosity was satisfied 
the women were invited into the church, 
where the women's evangelistic workers 
poured them tea, visited with them in a 
friendly way, and as opportunity presented 
itself told them some of the simple truths 
of the Gospel. The men were invited into 
the reading room, where a similar program 
awaited them. Literature was distributed 
at both of these places. 
When the Boys' School closed for New 
Year's vacation, the Men's Evangelistic De- 
partment invited twenty boys from twenty 
different villages to come to the reading 
room, where we asked them whether they 
would be willing to do a little free-will work 
for us during their vacation. All were quite 
willing. So we gave each boy ten gospel 
portions to sell and thirty tracts to distrib- 
ute. Most of the boys have returned and 
reported the work as being very easily ac- 
complished, as proved by the results. 

In all these evangelistic efforts some sixty- 
six villages were visited. More than eight 
hundred Gospels were sold, and about four 
thousand tracts distributed. We hope and 
pray the efforts may bear much fruit for 
Christ's kingdom. If only one soul is re- 
born, because of these efforts, they will not 
have been in vain. 

The second semester of the Shou Yang 
Boys' School opened Feb. 25. Boys are 
coming in each day. Up to the present 
seventy boys have enrolled. Two new 
teachers have been added to the faculty, and 
we are earnestly hoping and praying that 

they will add new interest to the work and 
prove a great blessing in helping to build up 
the school. .j& 

Recently, a Miss Liu, president of the 
P'ing Ting Chou Y. W. C. A., came to Shou 
Yang and helped the Girls' School to organ- 
ize a Junior Y. W. C. A. The Y. W. has 
done much in developing character and a 
spirit of helpfulness in the girls of some of 
our other schools, and we hope it will do 
as much for the girls in our school. 

Feb. 15 and 16 the principals of most of 
the high schools of Shansi Province met in 
conference here at Shou Yang. The object 
of the conference was to help the schools 
get better acquainted with each other, dis- 
cuss common problems, and devise ways 
and means for better cooperation and mutu- 
al helpfulness. A spirit of good will and 
brotherly fellowship was manifest through- 
out the two days' conference. 


Liao Chou 

The Yu She County official is being en- 
tertained in our hospital at the present 
time. He had the misfortune to be thrown 
from his horse and broke his arm at the el- 
bow. He has taken considerable interest in 
reading the Bible and other Christian liter- 
ature. Yii She is the county adjoining Liao 
Chou on the west, and has been rather a 
difficult field. Our prayer and hope is that 
through this official the way may be opened 
for Christianity to take possession of the 
county. When Christianity gains the re- 
spect and esteem of the official classes, then 
the other classes of people readily accept it. 
Thus the hospital work not only heals 
broken bodies, but also frequently opens the 
way to heal the sin-sick soul. 

The governor of our province has sub- 
scribed $500 (Mex.) toward the purchase of 
X-ray equipment for the Liao Chou Hos- 
pital. Gov. Yen gave a like sum to the 
Ping Ting Hospital some time ago. He has 
also aided hospitals of other missions of the 
province. The governor has shown much 
interest in the medical work of the mis- 
sions of Shansi Province. 

(Continued on Page 145) 


The Missionary Visitor 




J3onu> gtriha 

M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 


Home Mission Activities of the Washington 

City Church 


SOME of our members who live in 
Prince George County, Md., which ad- 
joins the District of Columbia, attend 
the city church regularly. However, there 
were some others who did not and a few 
of these identified themselves with another 
church and others were becoming disturbed 
over the Sabbath question. This situation 
deserved attention and there were those who 
were interested to the extent that they de- 
termined to start a Sunday-school in the 
neighborhood. Repeated attempts to find 
a location for the same resulted in securing 
the Woodward schoolhouse, the use of 
which was granted by the school authorities. 
These untiring efforts to get the Sunday- 
school started were made by Brethren J. 
E. Hartman and P. M. Radcliffe. 

These first steps being taken, others im- 
mediately became interested, and on Sun- 
day, Aug. 6, 1922, a few people met and or- 
ganized as the Woodward Union Sunday- 
school. Attendance the first fall and winter 
was small, the enrollment being within the 
twenties. It was then worked into a de- 
nominational Sunday-school and met each 
Sunday afternoon at 2:45, with preaching 
at 3 : 45. The Washington City church has 
supplied the ministers, except on a few oc- 
casions when some other speaker was in- 

Our pastor, Rev. Roger D. Winger, has 
been deeply interested in the mission and 
by much personal work from him, with the 
help of others, the enrollment was increased 
to seventy-two. The percentage of attend- 
ance from the time of organizing to Jan. 1, 
1924, would be about 65. Cottage prayer 

meetings were conducted each Wednesday 
night and much interest was manifested, 
both in attendance and in personal testi- 
mony. Special programs were prepared for 
Easter, Christmas, and Children's Day. In 
September, 1923, Bro. I. N. H. Beahm con- 
ducted a series of meetings, the results of 
which are still being felt. Ten have been 
received by baptism. 

Even with this work progressing there 
were some members still further on who 
were not being reached by the mission, nor 
did they attend the city church. Personal 
solicitation was made in the community, 
which revealed sufficient support, both in 
attendance and finance, to justify opening a 
mission at Riverdale. A desirable room ad- 
joining the postoffice was rented and suit- 
ably furnished, and on Sunday, July 15, 1923, 
at 2:30 P. M., a Sunday-school was organ- 
ized, with Bro. S. L. Brumbaugh as superin- 
tendent and other workers from the city 
church on the teaching force. 

This work continued for six months with 
both a Sunday-school and a preaching serv- 
ice in the afternoon, the city ministers aid- 
ing here also. Each Friday night a prayer 
meeting was held. Shortly after the open- 
ing of this work a Daily Vacation Bible 
School was conducted for two weeks with 
splendid results. Sister Elizabeth Gingrich 
was in charge of this. The young people of 
the city church had presented a very im- 
pressive pageant at Christmas, so during the 
Christmas season this was presented also 
at Riverdale. The mission room was not 
large enough to accommodate all that came 
to see it. The Sunday-school attendance 



The Missionary Visitor 


there ranged from twenty-nine to sixty-five, 
with an average of thirty-seven. The con- 
tributions to the work were excellent. 

Workers in these two missions wished 
that there might be some plan by which 
they might combine their efforts. Upon 
learning that the Riggs schoolhouse, which 
was a two-room building, was not to be 
used for the present, they appealed to the 
school board for the use of the building. 

Riggs Community Sunday School 

This was granted free of rent, and using 
some of the furniture that had been pur- 
chased for the Riverdale Mission, the rooms 
were made convenient for use. So, by mu- 
tual consent and proper action, these two 
missions were merged into one and known 
as the Riggs Community Chapel. This build- 
ing is approximately halfway between the 
buildings that were then being used. Jan. 
20, 1924, the joint work was opened at the 
chapel with Sunday-school at 2:45 and 
preaching at 3:45. Ninety-nine were pres- 
ent that first Sunday, but the average at- 
tendance is about seventy. Transportation 

is furnished those who otherwise would not 
be able to attend. 

Bro. P. M. Radcliffe superintends the 
Sunday-school, with other regular officers 
on duty. As the graded series of lessons is 
used the school is divided into departments, 
with a superintendent for each. The fol- 
lowing teachers serve : For adults, J. E. 
Hartman; for the young people, S. L. Brum- 
baugh ; for intermediates, Frank Replogle ; 
for juniors, Ruth Westergren ; 
for primaries, Lottie McCoy ; 
for beginners, Mrs. P. M. Rad- 
cliffe and Eleanor Westergren. 

Early in the start of the work 
at Woodward the superintendent 
encouraged the reading of the 
Bible at home, and on Sunday 
each was to report how many 
chapters he had read during the 
week. This excellent feature is 
continued, and the number of 
chapters that have been read 
runs up into the thousands. 
There is a prayer meeting 
each Wednesday night at the 
chapel. Feb. 26 a delightful 
evening was spent by the members and 
friends in a community social. About eighty 
people were present. There were games in 
one room for the children and suitable en- 
tertainment in the other for the older peo- 
ple. A radio program on Bro. Dewey Rad- 
cliffe's radio was enjoyed and refreshments 
were served. 

It is the general opinion that the work 
that has been begun and carried on has 
proved a wonderful uplift to the community, 
and much credit is due our pastor for the 
amount of work he has done for the spirit- 
ual development in this rural mission of the 
Washington city church. 


(Continued from Page 143) 

While surrounding provinces have been 
much disturbed by bandits and robbers, 
our province has been quiet and peaceful. 
Gov. Yen is taking every precaution to pre- 
vent bandits from crossing its borders from 
other provinces. The province itself is so 
well organized and effectively controlled 
that there is little danger of bandits organ- 

izing within the province. The governor 
has just sent out representatives to all the 
missions of Shansi to advise the missiona- 
ries to take precautions, especially near the 
borders of the province. He warns us that 
bandits are particularly fond of kidnaping 
foreigners. He says there is little danger of 
any disturbance, but that he desires the co- 
operation of all as a safety measure. 


The Missionary Visitor 



©If t Qfrirtoa' Gnnwr 

The editor invites helpful contribution* for this department 
of the Yisitor 


Bro. James M. Moore, writing from the 
Waynesboro (Pa.) congregation, reports: 
" Our missionary association has its meet- 
ings once a month. Their programs have 
been of a general literary nature, but from 
now they will take the form of regular mis- 
sion study. Here will be brought the Mis- 
siongrams, and other missionary news. An 
offering is taken at each meeting, and in 
addition special pledges are secured for the 
supporting of our missionary in India. We 
are now behind, but we expect, with the 
meeting this evening, or very soon after, to 
clean up all that is back and start even 
again. Missionary news goes also to the 
Sunday-school. Sunday-school classes are 
urged to be present at the meetings of the 
association, and if that is impossible, then to 
send delegates. I feel it is working well, and 
will work even better." 

The Rice Lake (Wis.) church has just 
completed a very helpful six weeks' Church 
School of Missions. Their pastor, Bro. A. 
S. Brubaker, writes that the interest in- 
creased each week, and this was especially 
noticeable among the friends of the church 
in the community. The following is the pro- 
gram followed in conducting the school, 
from Feb. 17 to March 23, inclusive, the text- 
book used being "The Lure of Africa": 

February 17 

1. " The Lure of Africa." 

2. Sermon, " The Missionary Message of the Old 

February 24 

1. " Mohammedanism in Africa." 

2. Sermon, " The Missionary Message of the New 

March 2 

1. " Strongholds of Christianity." 

2. Sermon, " Missions, the Great First-Work of 
the Church." 

March 9 

1. " Africa's Debit and Credit With Civilization." 

2. Sermon, " The Great Need of the World." 

March 16 

1. " The Heart of Paganism." 

2. Stereopticon Lecture: "The Mohammedan 

March 23 

1. " Africa, the Laboratory of Christianity." 

2. Final Program on Missions Throughout the 

Songs, instrumental music, etc. 

The Manchester (Ind.) Church has 

achieved a notable record in missionary 
giving. With a membership of 730 they 
contributed to the Forward Movement work, 
inclusive of all mission money sent to El- 
gin, the sum of $5,326.99 for the year that 
closed Feb. 29, 1924. For the past four years 
they have made a steady increase in mis- 
sion gifts. The record is as follows : 1920, 
$4,484.44,- 1921, $3,791.60; 1922, $3,432.19; -and 
1923, $5,326.99. 

A member of their missionary committee, 
in writing about it, says the following: 

" Whenever an individual or an organiza- 
tion reaches an ideal there is always a sense 
of justifiable pride and happiness. In a con- 
certed effort to reach the standard of REAL 
giving, the Manchester church has been 

" No one individual, nor group of persons, 
can take upon themselves the credit for the 
work, for it was by working together, and 
by working continuously, that we were able 
to reach our goal. 

" The task was too large to accomplish in 
a day, or in a month, but by having a 
special offering upon the third Sunday, as 
well as our regular offering the first, our in- 
terest had no chance to lag. The plan was 
such a success last year that we decided to 
continue it during this year." 

A novel missionary program was given by 
the Intermediate C. W. girls of the South 
Waterloo church, Iowa. This program ap- 
pears in the April 19 issue of the Sunday- 
school paper, Our Young People. 

The Women of Dallas Center, Iowa, are 

continuing in the study of " The Lure of 
Africa," having a study period once each 
month. Recently they favored the Visitor 


The Missionary Visitor 


editor with a neat little typewritten booklet, 
showing the program for each month's ses- 
sion of their group. For May their program 
is as follows : 

Devotional, Alice Landis ; Lesson, Chap- 
ter VI, Pearl Ickes ; Hostesses, Sarah Zuck, 
Fern Zuck, Maud Moser. 

The society has its work planned for each 
month of study in a way very similar to this. 

The Washington City Church at the be- 
ginning of this year published the Mission- 
ary Standard in their monthly church paper. 
The missionary superintendent stated that 
during the past year the church had achieved 
but 55 per cent of the points in the standard, 
and asked the question whether the church 
could meet the remaining points of the 
standard in 1924. She answers her own 
question by saying " YES." Since this ap- 
peared in their paper we have some very 
fine reports of their practical missionary 
work, which the Visitor readers will likely 
hear about in a later issue. 

How well is your church achieving the 
standard? You can secure a leaflet, "The 
Missionary Standard," by writing to the 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

"World-Wide Work for Church of the 
Brethren Sunday-school pupils" is a leaflet 
now available, explaining how children can 
engage in missionary endeavor this sum- 
mer. Here is a chance to give the children 
some first lessons in world-wide brother- 
hood, and also to let them help out the 
present missionary situation. If you have 
not seen this leaflet, send for a copy. 

The Kansas Churches in the Southeast- 
ern District have their eleven churches di- 
vided into three groups, according to geo- 
graphical location and numbered 1, 2 and 
3. Each group has a president, vice-presi- 
dent and secretary-treasurer. The plan of 
these groups is to have missionary meetings 
first at one church and next at another, un- 
til they have held a meeting at each place. 
Then the circuit is begun over again. This 
is a fine method for fellowship and mis- 
sionary information and inspiration. The 
suggestion is so good that we are printing 
one of their programs, rendered last year: 

Held at Parsons, Kansas, July 8, 1923 

10:00 A. M., Sunday School 

11:00 A. M., Missionary Sermon 

Rev. Replogle 

12:00 M., Basket Dinner 

2:00 P. M., Devotionals 

Merle Strohm 
First Topic—" What Is My Attitude Toward Chris- 
tian Education?" 
B. S. Miller and J. S. Clark 

Song, Arthur and Ivan Aitken 

Second Topic—" How Can We Promote God's Work 
Daily if (a) Laborers, (b) Business Men, 
(c) Farmers, (d) Young People?" 
C. W. Nicholson and D. W. Shideler 

Reading, Denzel Milks 

Chalk Talk, Harry Clark 

Round Table 

£ & 


(Continued from Page 130) 

Sister W. B. Stover have been prevented in 
returning to India on account of Sister 
Stover's health and so Bro. Stover has been 
engaged as pastor at Cleveland, Ohio. This 
subtracts six experienced workers from the 
list of workers in India. 
New Missionaries for 1924 

The Board was faced with a very hard 
problem. Shall new missionaries be sent out 
this year? Eleven most splendid appointees 
from the Calgary Conference are asking if 
they should be sent. More than this, a 
great host of noble young people are wait- 
ing to know: Is there an opportunity for us 
in missionary service in the Church of the 
Brethren? A general spirit of discourage- 
ment exists among the volunteer groups of 
all our colleges. On the other hand, the 
Board is faced with a deficit in mission 
funds that amounted to $19,202.74 on April 
1. Still a third factor entered in, namely, 
the needs of the fields. Africa must have 
more workers or else be closed. The period 
of service there between furloughs must be 
short, probably three years. The climate 
is treacherous and we need not be sur- 
prised if several folks should become ill at 
the same time. No new workers were sent 
to China within the last year but two who 
will possibly not return have come home. 
Because of the loss by illness of several 
folks in India, the ranks are getting thin 
there. In the face of these facts and with 
great faith in the missionary courage and 
strength of the church, the Board decided 


The Missionary Visitor 


to send workers to each of these fields. The 
challenge to the church will certainly spur 
us on to more sacrifice which will help us 
on in our heavenly way. The new workers 
to be sent this year are as follows: 

Floyd Mallott 

Ruth (Blocher) Mallott 

William Beahm 

Esther (Eisenbise) Beahm 

Clarence Heckman 

Lucile Gibson 


Leland Brubaker 

Marie (Woody) Brubaker 

Minneva J. Neher 

Esther Kreps, R. N. 

Harlan J. Brooks 

Ruth (Forney) Brooks 

Beulah Woods 

With the going of Sister Harlan Brooks 
we will have our first second generation 
missionary since she is the daughter of D. 
L. Forney's in India. One of the above ap- 
plicants has a school debt that must be paid 
before sailing and another must furnish a 
clear medical report before final acceptance. 

Missionary Address at Conference 

Brother C. C. Ellis of Juniata College has 
been asked to give the Missionary address 
on the day of the great Missionary Convo- 
cation at Hershey. 

Home Mission Work, Summer Pastors 

$2,000 was appropriated for the employ- 
ment of young ministers in churches dur- 
ing the summer months. Previous experi- 
ments along this line proved so satisfactory 
that the Board felt this a very good move, 
District Mission Board Grants 

Grants of financial aid were made to the 
following Districts : N. C, Ga. and Fla., 
Okla., and Middle Mo. 
Furloughs for 1925, India 

Furloughs were granted for H. L. Alley 
and wife and Ida C. Shumaker for 1925. 

Ministerial Relief 

Ministerial relief was granted to one aged 
minister and also to pne widow of a faith- 
ful minister. 

Needs for Next Year 

The Board approved a budget for China 
for next year of $61,000. For India, $132,725 
and for the Board's total work both home 
and foreign, $353,000. The budgets for both 
China and India are less than in 1924 and the 
budget for the Board's entire work is less 
than the one approved by the Calgary Con- 
ference for 1924. 

The Board gives praise to our Heavenly 
Father and appreciation for the splendid co- 
operation of such a large percentage of the 
members of the Brotherhood. 

The Great Commission 

Leader. — Our Lord, in his final interview 
with his disciples, gave them a rare experi- 
ence. What was it? 

Response. — Then opened he their under- 
standing, that they might understand the 
scriptures. Luke 24:45. 

L. — To what scriptures does this refer? 

R. — All things must be fulfilled, which 
were written in the law of Moses, and in 
the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning 
me. Luke 24 : 44. 

L. — Where may we find some of these 
written "things"? 

R. — In the law of Moses. Gen. 3:15; 12: 
3, etc. 

In the prophets. Isa. 53, etc. 

In the psalms. Psa. 22, etc. 

L. — Have some of these prophecies been 

R. — And Jesus said, Thus it is written, and 
thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to 
rise from the dead the third day: and that 
repentance and remission of sins should be 
preached in his name among all nations. 
Luke 24:46,47. 

L. — What did our Lord claim for himself? 

R. — All power is given unto me in heaven 
and in earth. Matt. 28: 18. 

L. — On the strength of this claim what 
was his commission to the disciples? 

R. — Go ye therefore, and teach all nations. 
Matt. 28:19. 

L. — What were they to teach all nations? 

R. — To observe all things whatsoever I 
have commanded you. Matt. 28:20. 

L. — What was the inspiration under which 
all this work was to be conducted? 



The Missionary Visitor 


R— Lo, I am with you alway, even unto 
the end of the world. Matt. 28:20. 

L. — Jesus had a reason for sending his 
message by these men. What was it? 

R. — Ye are witnesses of these things. 
Luke 24 : 48. 

L. — Were they permitted to give the mes- 
sage without special preparation? 

R. — Tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, un- 
til ye be endued with power from on high. 
Luke 24 : 49. 

L. — Where were they to begin the work? 

R. — Beginning at Jerusalem. Luke 24:47. 

L. — While at work in Jerusalem were 
they to neglect the regions beyond? 

R. — Ye shall be witnesses unto me both in 
Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria. 
Acts 1:8. 

L. — Were they to confine the divine mes- 
sage to their own country? 

R. — Ye shall be witnesses unto me . . . 
unto the uttermost part of the earth. Acts 

L. — What never-to-be-forgotten scene now 
occurred upon Mount Olivet? 

R — When he had spoken these things, 
while they beheld, he was taken up ; and a 
cloud received him out of their sight. Acts 

L. — Did they follow his instructions? 

R. — They returned to Jerusalem, and went 
up into an upper room, and continued with 
one accord in prayer and supplication. Acts 
1 : 12-14. 

L. — Were the faithful women admitted to 
the meeting? 

R. — These all continued with one accord 
in prayer . . . with the women, and 
Mary the mother of Jesus. Acts 1 : 14. 

L. — How long did this prayer meeting 

R. — About ten days. And when the day 
of Pentecost was fully come, they were all 
with one accord in one place. And suddenly 
there came a sound from heaven . . . 
and it filled all the house where they were 
sitting . . . And they were all filled with 
the Holy Ghost, and began to speak . . . 
as the Spirit gave them utterance. Acts 2: 

L. — What was the result? 

R.— The same day there were added unto 
them about three thousand souls. Acts 2: 

L. — What promise of Jesus had now been 

R. — Ye shall receive power, after that the 
Holy Ghost is come upon you. Acts 1:8. 

L. — Were they now prepared to give the 
divine message? 

R. — And they went forth, and preached 
everywhere, the Lord working with them, 
and confirming the word with the signs 
following. Mark 16 : 20. 

L. — If the same conditions are fulfilled', 
why is not such an experience within reach 
of believers today? 

R. — Jesus said, At that day ye shall know 
that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and 
I in you. I am the light of the world. Ye 
are the light of the world. John 14:20; 
John 8:12; Matt. 5:14. 

L. — According to the record before us, 
what is the first condition to secure similar 

R. — Obedience. They tarried in Jerusalem. 

L. — What is the second condition? 

R. — United and continued prayer. They 
continued with one accord in prayer. 

L. — Third condition? 

R. — Baptism of the Holy Spirit. They 
were all filled with the Holy Ghost. 

L. — Fourth condition? 

R.— A determination — cost what it may — 
to give or send the gospel message through 
our Jerusalem — our Judea and Samaria— 
and our nations over the sea — until "The 
kingdoms of this world are become the 
kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ ; 
and he shall reign for ever and ever." — Con- 
gregational Home Missionary Society. 

& .J* 

Jungle Tales, $1.50, by Howard Anderson 
Musser, George H. Doran Co. 

Six chapters of missionary jungle tales. 
One scarcely can imagine any tales of ad- 
venturous life being more thrilling than 
these. More than the thrill of danger and 
adventure, the author, a missionary, has 
made his adventures for the kingdom of 
God, and it is inspiring to read the abandon 
of life for the kingdom's sake. There are 
fights with tigers, bears and bandits, and 
one long fight against ignorance and dis- 
ease, against superstition and mercih s.s 


The Missionary Visitor 


the juhior m$$mmm 

Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 



■■ . r gw|| l 


,jsM Ifek 

Boys and girls, we are most 

■jBk Wk 

happy to introduce you to your 


friend, Aunt Adalyn. I am sure 
that you would never have 
dreamed that she was so young 
— but she is ! She spends her days 


in cheerfully correcting the mis- 
takes of other folks and making 
missionary puzzles and enigmas 
for our little friends. She loves 
young folks and her Lord and 
loves to think of good things and 
says them in a way that helps to 
make everybody glad they are liv- 

~ : S^m«$mmjfrbk. ■ 

ing. She is also a poet and has 
written a book of splendid poems 

■ ■^K^MW^'' ' 

that you would like. You would 

not think it, but she has two fine 

r ' ' ' ! 

kiddies that call her grandma. 

■ ■ ■ ■ 

Their names are Dennis and Vir- 

ginia. They help her to stay 
young and we hope for her many 
years to give cheer and counsel 
to our large family of growing 
missionaries. Hearty cheers and 
prayers for Aunt Adalyn ! 

Adaline (Adalyn) H. Beery 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am always glad 
when the Missionary Visitor comes. I at- 
tend Sunday-school at Cedar Bluff church. 
I am a member of the Brethren church. I 
have one sister and three brothers. I am 
twelve years old, in the sixth grade at 
school. I love to read the letters, so I 
thought I would write. Your niece, 

Naffs, Va. Thelma Naff. 

Do you know why your church was called 
"Cedar Bluff"? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I find the letters very 
interesting. I am fourteen years old, and be- 
long to the Brethren church. My class is 

called "Willing Workers." I have six sis- 
ters and three brothers. My oldest brother 
goes to Daleville College. All of us are old 
enough to go to school but three. Some 
boy or girl please answer my letter. 

Buchanan, Va. Clara Abshire. 

It takes a lot of grit to put ten children 
through school. I am glad your parents 
are willing to undertake the job. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old 
and in the sixth grade. I have been a mem- 
ber of the Brethren church nearly a year. 
All of our family belong to the Brethren 
church. I have two brothers and one sister. 
My father lives on a farm near the store, 



The Missionary Visitor 


schoolhouse and church. I wish some one 
would write to me. Love to all the Juniors. 

Naffs, Va. Ruth Wray. 

That's almost as good as living right in 
town, isn't it? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am sure I would 
like to join your happy circle of girls and 
boys, as they seem to have such a nice time. 
I have been reading the letters for a long 
time, and at last decided I would write too. 
I am eleven years old, and in the sixth 
grade at school. I go to New Bethel Sun- 
day-school. Mrs. Flora is my teacher. She 
has been teaching the Junior class for the 
last two or three years. We all like her fine. 
We girls are looking forward to having a 
fine time this vacation. I live in the coun- 
try, not far from the Blue Ridge Mountains. 
I want to go to the top of them this sum- 
mer. Iva Gray. 

Buchanan, Va. 

I wish I might go along with you, Iva ! I 
love mountains, and valleys, and rivers, and 
prairies, and sunlight, and everything that's 
beautiful ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I will be thirteen 
years old the 19th of August. I have five 
brothers and three sisters. One sister is 
married. I have a little" niece. I am in the 
sixth grade. My teacher's name is Mr. W. 
W. Davies. I belong to the Brethren church. 
I was baptized Aug. 15, 1923. I have a 
brother in the fourth grade. Tell some- 
body please to write to me. 

Manassas, Va. Edith M. Kline. 

Sometimes we liken little children to 
" flowers." What would you think if your 
little niece had pink eyes and green hair? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I decided to write 
my second letter, although I am no good at 
writing and don't exactly love the occupa- 
tion. I am getting along well in school 
now. At the semester's end in January I 
got 95 in one subject, 98 in one, 90 in two 
others, 87 in one, 80 in one, and something 
like 76 in the other. I am still in the eighth 
grade. You know those kittens I spoke 
about in my other letter; well, they are 
happy, or were. The one with gray on it 
turned out to be a good mouser, but about a 
week ago it got sick and died. The other 
was not so good, so we gave it to some 
neighbors who needed a cat, for they had 
quite a few mice. But — would you believe 
it? — it scattered those mice like the wind 
does leaves. It is now fat and happy and 
looking for more mice. 

Willie J. Eikenberry. 

East Wenatchee, Wash., R. 3. 

I have half a notion I know in which 
subject you got the lowest mark. But I'm 
not going to tell the Juniors! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I like to read the 

Missionary Visitor. I have never written 
before. I am ten years old and in the 
fourth grade. My teacher's name is Mr. 
Kincaid. I belong to the Brethren church. 
I was baptized a year ago last July. We at- 
tend the Brethren church at McClave. My 
Sunday-school teacher's name is Mrs. Wertz. 
The name of my class is "Willing Workers." 
Brother Johnson is the superintendent. 
Brother Crist was our minister last year. 
Our new minister has not come yet. 

McClave, Colo. Edna Jordan. 

Were you born in Colorado? Do you 
know the nickname for your State, and why 
it is so called? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I like to read the 
Missionary Visitor and crack the Nuts. I 
have never written before. I am eleven 
years old and in the seventh grade. I belong 
to the Brethren church. I am in the Junior 
class at Sunday-school. I live a quarter of 
a mile from church and school. I have 
missed only one Sunday so far. I have 
four brothers and two sisters. 

Catherine Garvey. 

Leeton, Mo., R. 18, Box 100. 

Have you ever been to the Ozark Moun- 
tains? That is a famous country. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I saw the girls' 
letters in the Visitor this week, and I 
thought maybe I could write one. I will 
be nine years old the 12th of April. I live 
five miles from church and one mile from 
school. I did not get to Sunday-school for 
several Sundays. I had a bad cold and the 
measles. And this week I had to stay out of 
school to wait on my mother and grand- 
ma, as she was sick with the " flu." I am 
not very large, but I can take a good many 
steps in a day. I am an adopted child. I 
have a big brother going to high school. 
He and I are the only children. He comes 
home once a month; then we have a good 
time. I hope this will come in the April pa- 
per for my birthday. I would like some 
little girl to write me a letter. 

Ruth Lucile Finckh. 

Lime Spring, Iowa. 

And I expect the sick folks thought, " How 
would we get along without little Ruth?"' 
I am sorry this letter did not come out in 
time for your birthday, but letters have to 
be sent in five or six weeks before the date 
of the Visitor, which we try to mail by the 
first of the month. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Please make room 
for one more. The last Visitor surely has 
good stories in the Junior part. I like to 
read the letters. I am twelve years old and 
in the eighth grade. I belong to the Clover 
Creek Church of the Brethren. I was bap- 
tized in the spring of 1923. I went to Sun- 
day-school every Sunday last year but two. 


The Missionary Visitor 


I have six sisters and one brother. My 
brother is the oldest in the family, and ex- 
pects to go to Juniata College next year. I 
would like if some of the other girls would 
write to me. Here are some answers to 
" Nuts to Crack." Naomi Kensinger. 

Martinsburg, Pa. 

And just about the time your brother 
comes out of college you'll be going in. 
I wish you all the good luck that comes with 
hard work. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am ten years old 
and in the fifth grade. I have a little more 
than two and a half miles to walk to school. 
I usually get a ride though. The name of 
my school is Prairie Center. I joined the 
Brethren church about two years ago. My 
Sunday-school teacher's name is Miss Marie 
Weddle. I attend Junior Band Sunday 
evenings. I don't often miss. I live by 
the church because my father is pastor. 
There is a row of olive trees around the 
church and they are to make missionary 
money. It is a country church. We have 
not had much rain this winter. We can 
see the mountains from our home. They 
look very pretty with the snow on them. 
It does not snow in the valley. But I have 
lived in Kansas, where it does snow. I have 
five brothers and two sisters. I am fourth 
in the line, four brothers being younger. 
I would like to visit the little children in 
India. There are quite a few Chinese chil- 
dren around here. I wish some of the boys 
and girls would write to me. 

Lindsay, Calif. Lucile Frantz. 

You have a fine chance to be a " pastor's 
assistant," and you can be a " missionary to 
China " right at home ! I think it must be 
lovely to live where things are always green 
and fragrant, but, do you know, I have 
heard some people say they wouldn't live in 
California for anything! 


1. Change the first letter of a small wagon, 
and make sour. 

(Sample : cart — tart.) 

2. Change the last letter of the same word, 
and make worry. 

3. Change the first letter of a flower, and 
make part of a chain. 

4. Change the last letter of a garment, and 
make the place where you buy it. 

5. Change the first letter of a direction, 
and make a trial. 

6. Change the last letter of an animal, and 
make something to drive him with. 

7. Change the first letter of a terrace, and 
make a reservoir. 

8. Change the last letter of a girl's name ; 
and make a planet. 

Trees of the Forest 

1. Such tent. 5. Lap me. 

2. Rocky Hi. 6. Her cry. 

3. S. C. Preys. 7. X old beer. 

4. I am a Long. 8. Curse P. 

April Nuts Cracked 

Hidden Orchestra.— 1. Drum. 2. Cornet. 
3. Violin. 4. Flute. 5. Oboe. 6. Trumpet. 
7. Horn. 8. Cello. 

China Missionaries. — 1. Baker. 2. Bow- 
man. 3. Cline. 4. Cripe. 5. Pollock. 6. 
Senger. 7. Smith. 8. Myers. 

In India there are fifty million untouch- 
ables. One hot day in a railroad station 
the waiting passengers stood under the 
shade, but one " untouchable " walked about 
in the sun, for he could not come near 
the other passengers. He walked until he 
fainted with the heat and fatigue, and fell 
on the railroad Hires. A train was ap- 
proaching, but none stepped out to lift him. 
A white man, missionary of the Church of 
Scotland, leaped down and lifted him on 
to the platform out of danger. A Hindu 
came forward and said to the white man : 
"That was a beautiful and friendly act." 
"Why did you not do it yourself?" the 
missionary asked. " My religion would not 
allow me." ^ 

A little fellow who had displeased his 
sister came to her and asked her pardon, 
but he was not quite satisfied with her 
forgiveness when he got it. " Really and 
truly, do you forgive me?" he asked anx- 
iously, looking very earnestly into her still 
grave face. "Yes, yes," she answered a 
little sharply, " didn't I tell you that I for- 
gave you? Why do you think I do not 
mean what I say? " " 'Cause," he answered 
sobbing, "'cause you ain't smiling!" One 
cannot help feeling how kind the face of 
Jesus was and how tender his tone, as he 
said, " Thy sins are forgiven." 

Ever live (misfortunes excepted) within 
your own income. 


Good company and good conversation are 
the very sinews of virtue. 



The Missionary Visitor 



(Continued from Page 140) 

was in progress, with Hiel Hamilton and 
Samuel Murray preaching. At the close of 
a forenoon meeting there was an applicant 
for baptism, who was younger than I. I had 
also decided to apply for membership at the 
same time, but I had told no one of my 
intention, and no invitation was given by 
song or otherwise, so I arose and went to 
one of the home preachers, walking about 
twenty-five feet, and told him that I, too, 
wanted to be baptized that day. Then the 
ministers "qualified" us, as the order was 
then. This was a serious time for me, be- 
cause I felt that some one might object to 
my being received into the church for some 
reason. Then, after an individual inquest 
was taken, and it was reported that all 
were willing to receive me into the church, 
it certainly was the happiest hour of my 
life. I could scarcely wait patiently for 
baptism, and being very active I got ready 
first and was first baptized. Then, let me 
tell you, my dear reader, there was un- 
speakable relief and joy in my heart and 
soul, and I could have cried out, " Glory 
to God in the highest!" for his safe deliver- 
ance of me out of the black clutches of 
Satan. I felt like a new man, and ready to 
serve my Lord Jesus the rest of my life. 

Immediately, everything took a turn for 
the better. The next day the dear wife of 
my youth, and six others, were baptized. 
The series of meetings closed. But precious 
souls kept coming at regular meetings, and 
at the first regular council that I attended 
fourteen penitent souls were baptized. This 
influx of dear ones continued until forty- 
four had been added to the Nettle Creek 
church, among them quite a number of my 

Now, concluding, I will say that if par- 
ents had been more active in bringing up 
their children in " the nurture and admoni- 
tion of the Lord " before the Sunday-school 
work was again revived, there would have 
been many more children of the age of 
ten, and under, in the church, when con- 
viction first overtook me. 

Now I am ready to answer the question, 
" What is our greatest incentive to World- 

Wide Missionary work?" It is this: A full 
realization of all it means to us to be a child 
of God. This will open our eyes wide to see 
clearly that all other human creatures in all 
this world should be children of God, and 
enlarge our hearts to love them as we love 
ourselves, and create in us a burning desire 
to bring into their possession, as our neigh- 
bors, the same blessings we enjoy. 

So, considering all these things as we 
ought I will fearlessly say that the church 
is not properly emphasizing missionary 
work in America, or in other lands, nor con- 
tributing financially for all missions as she 

Lastly, the best cure for the " slowly- 
dying" church is for all its members to be- 
come active in all manner of missionary 
work. In this all can help, more or less, and 
form a grand partnership. 

Hagerstown, Ind. 


(Continued from Page 141) 

glad there were evangelists in those days, 
and we are praising God for the noble 
work they did. A few of their methods 
might well be used today, and seem quite 

The church then was perhaps more mis- 
sionary than it is today in self-sacrifice. We 
are very careful of our health, which is 
right, but on some jobs we can endure hard- 
ness better than on others. 

The church is more missionary today in 
having more evangelists, more missionaries 
on the field, more money, larger numbers of 
converts, liberal givers, in spots, more con- 
venient and comfortable ways of transpor- 
tation, deeper spirituality(P), more willing 
workers, but is the church properly empha- 
sizing missionary work in America, and in 
other lands? Poor, sin-stained America 
certainly does need a lot of mission work! 
We are pleading with God to show us just 
how to spend our time and money, that 
conditions may be changed. If every pro- 
fessed follower of Christ will sincerely 
plead thus with God, how soon a change 
will come to what is sometimes called 
"Christian America"! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mission Board Treasury Statement. The follow- 
ing shows the condition of mission finances on 
March 31, 1924: 

Income since March 1, 1924, $19,516 14 

Income same period last year, 32,818 39 

Decrease, $13,302 25 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1924, . . . 2,383 93 
Income over outgo same period last year, 564 44 

Increase outgo over income, $2,948 37 

Mission deficit March 31, 1924, 19,202 74 

Mission deficit February 29, 1924, 16,818 81 

Increase in deficit, $2,383 93 

Tract Distribution. During the month of Febru- 
ary, the Board sent out 3,555 tracts. 

Correction No. 24. See February, 1924 " Visitor " 
— Under Emergency Fund, Harrisburg S. S., E. Pa. 
Out of the total of $150 credited, $132.43 has since 
been designated for support of Nora R. Hollen- 

February Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during February: 

California— $132.28 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chowchilla, $43.78; 
Waterford, $2; E. T. Boone (Modesto) $5; 
Raymond Downey & Wife (Waterford) $10, $ 60 78 

So. Dist., Cong.: 1st Los Angeles, $54; 
Ira Studebaker (Pomona) $10; Josephine 
Knee (La Verne) $3; Indv.: Joshua J. 

Schechter, $4.50, 7150 

Colorado— $4.67 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sterling, 4 67 

Florida— $30.00 

St. Petersburg, Fla. Prayer Meeting, 30 00 

Idaho— $20.00 

Cong.: Payette Valley, $15; J. B. Lehman 

(Nezperce) $5, 20 00 

Illinois— $518.64 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $318.75; 
Lanark, $13; Cora Brower (Bethany-Chi- 
cago) $10; Cherry Grove, $79.77; Floyd Wil- 
son (Chicago) $2.50; W. R. Brattin (Mt. 
Carroll) $5; S. S.: Chinese (Chicago) $2.76; 
Indv.: Ralph Herman, $2, 433 78 

So. Dist. Cong.: Woodland, $50; Virden, 
$4.36; Fuller W. Reed (Camp Creek) $.50; 
Aid Soc. : Macoupin Creek, $25; Indv.: An 

Isolated Member, $5, . 84 86 

Indiana— $647.59 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $18; Wm. 
J. & Lula Tinkle (Portland) $18, Lucile 
Hacker (Salamonie) $20; Ralph K. Miller 
(Manchester) $100, 156 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Yellow River, $9; Pine 
Creek (W. Goshen) $46; 1st So. Bend, $50.78; 
Plymouth, $17.36; Pleasant Valley, p6; Elk- 
hart City, $180; English Prairie, $14.45; 
Samuel B. Reppert & Wife (English Prairie) 
$10; B. Metzler (New Paris) $5; Melvin D. 
Neff (New Paris) $10, 378 59 

So. Dist., Cong.: Arcadia, $50; Kokomo, 
$18; A Tither (Nettle Creek) $10; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Miller (New Hope) $5; S. S.: 
Young People's Class, Union Grove S. S. 
(Mississinewa) $10; Bernice Deweese (Union 
Grove S. S. — Mississinewa) $10; Bible Class 

No. 2, Union Grove (Mississinewa) $10, 113 00 

Iowa— $74.48 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Coon River, $52.98; 
Mrs. D. P. Chamberlin (Des Moines) $5; 
Mrs. Mary Reddick (Des Moines) $5; D. F. 
Landis, (Des Moines) $1.50; Lydia Ommen 

(Coon River) $10, 74 48 

Kansas— $12.37 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Burr Oak, 11 37 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Sister C. R. Renfro 


Maryland— $906.05 

E. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill (Bush 
Creek) $40; Bethany, $30; Eld. W. E. Roop 
(M. N.) (Meadow Branch) $.50; Indv.: Blue 
Ridge College, $3.81, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Broadfording, $10; 
Pleasant View, $775, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Arthur Scrogum (Bear 
Creek) $25; S. S. : Maple Grove, $16.74; Adult 

Bible Class, (Cumberland) $5, 

Michigan — $29.00 

Cong.: Woodland, $18; Wilbur Sterns 
(Harlan) $.50; O. A. Sterns (Harlan) $6; 
Martha Sterns (Harlan) $.50; Ira Lentz 
(Vestaburg) $3; Indv.: Mrs. H. C. Lowder, 


Missouri — $108.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, $5; A. 
C. Brubaker (Kansas City) $25; Mrs. Mamie 
C. Christopher (Warrensburg) $20; Indv.: 
Mrs. H. H. Kindig, $25, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Luther Van Pelt (Rock- 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Jasper, 

Montana— $6.25 

E. Dist., Indv.: J. B. Vannoy 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: No. 71857 (Octavia) $2; A. D. Sol- 

lenberger (M. N.) (Bethel) $.50, 

Ohio— $391.92 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville, $35.92; Akron 
City, $57.69; W. Nimishillen Cong. & S. S., 
$56; Mrs. Cora Christner (Danville) $5; 
Bro. Dull (Black River) $1; S. S.: Wood- 
worth, $8.58, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, $10; 
Silver Creek, $25; Mattie Eitniar (Poplar 
Ridge) $2; P. F. and Susie Dukes (Green- 
spring) $10; P. M. and Leah Eberly (Green- 
spring) $20; Catherine Sellers (Greenspring) 
$5; Sugar Creek, $3.53; Indv.: Minnie E. 
Vore, $5; S. H. Vore, $15, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Trotwood, $1; Beaver 
Creek, $16; Earl F. Helman (Sidney) $4; 
W. E. Klinger (Beaver Creek) $100; Hazel 
M. Wills (Greenville) $10; Wm. C. Teeter 

(W. Dayton) $1.20, 

Oklahoma— $15.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Frank Boone, $5; A. Leedy, 


Oregon— $22.55 

Cong.: No. 71616 (Newberg) $14.55; C. A, 
Robinson & Wife (Portland) $6; A. B 

Coover (Grants Pass) $2, 

Pennsylvania— $2,304.77 

E. Dist., Cong.: W. Green Tree, $63.12 
Little Swatara, $100; Shamokin, $16.45 
Mechanic Grove, $20; Conestoga, $33.34 
B. M. C, (Indian Creek) $10; G. M. Falken 
stein, (Elizabethtown) $20; Nathan Erdman 
(Shamokin) $2; S. S. Lint (Springfield) 
$3; Indv.: Anna E. Shank, $.25, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Tyrone, $18.25; Dry 
Valley, $11.03; 1st Altoona, $784.50; 28th 
St., Altoona, $12.51; Albright, $3; Mary A. 
Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; D. G. Snyder 
(Altoona) $1; Jacob S. Sho waiter (Clover 
Creek) $.90; Albert Klahre & Wife (Snake 
Spring) $15; Mrs. Adam Stayer (Snakes- 
spring) $10; J. W. Fyock (Tyrone) $10; S. 
S.: Burnham, $6.71; Maitland (Dry Valley) 

So". Dist!, S. Si : Pleasan't ' Hill' ' (Codorus) 
$2; Bakers (Lower Cumberland) $15; 
Brandts (Back Creek) $6.28; G. W. S. : 
Boiling Springs (Lower Cumberland) $25; 
Indv.: Carlisle, $30, 

1 00 

74 31 
785 00 

46 74 

29 00 

75 00 

2 00 
31 00 

6 25 
2 50 

164 19 

95 53 

132 20 
15 00 

22 55 
268 16 

887 90 

78 28 



The Missionary Visitor 


S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parker Ford, 136 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Viewmont, $50; Walnut 
Grove, $72; Roxbury, $200; Rummel, $472.09; 
V. Clark Brilhart (Montgomery) $5; Mabito 
V. Sipple (Manor) $1; S. S.: Intermediate 
Boys' Class, (Rummel) $5.50; Intermediate 
Girls' Class, (Rummel) $15.13; Beginners' 
Class (Rummel) $13; Junior Girls' Class 
(Rummel) $19; Junior Boys' Class, (Rum- 
mel) $20.13; Primaries No. 1 (Rummel) $18; 
Primaries No. 2 (Rummel) $8.58; Seniors 
(Rummel) $10; Aid Soc. : Maple Spring 

(Quemakoning) $25, 934 43 

Tennessee— $15.00 

Indv.: D. G. Bashor, $5; H. H. Masters, 

$10, 1500 

Virginia— $483.94 

E. Dist., Cong.: Free Union (Locust 
Grove) $7; Oakton (Fairfax) $82.50; Val- 
ley, $7.85; S. S.: Mt. Carmel, $11, 108 35 

First Dist., Indv.: Mrs. S. G. Fellers, $3; 
Lucy A. Manzy, $3; A. M. Frantz, $50; 
S. S.: Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove) 
$33.66; Daleville College Bible Institute, 
$17.68, 107 34 

No.' Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $45.64; 
Mill Creek, $49.67; Greenmount, $18.75; S. 
S.: Pleasant Run (Cooks Creek) $3.74 117 80 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $38; 
Valley Bethel, $5; Nannie J. Miller (Beaver 
Creek) $.40; S. S. : Pleasant Valley, $100; 

Fairview (Unity) $7.05, 150 45 

Washington— $40.00 

Cong.: May Gans (Wenatchee) $15; Aid 

Soc. : Seattle, $25, 40 00 

West Virginia— $8.15 

First Dist., Indv.: Mrs. G. T. Leather- 
man, $5; B. F. Wratchford, $2.15, 7 15 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: A. S. Cool, 1 <*> 

Total for the month, $5,773 16 

Total previously reported, 78,44105 

Total for the year, $84,214 21 


Arizona— $14.73 

S. S.: Glendale, 14 73 

California— $115.84 

No. Dist., Cong.: Laton, $21.69; No. 71865 
(Laton) $25, 46 69 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. L. Gross & Wife 
(Santa Ana) $50; Verna A. Cooney (Glen- 
dora) $4; Reuben Wolford, (Glendora) $1; 

S. S.: Hermosa Beach, $15.15 70 15 

Florida— $26.32 

S. S.: Sebring, $24.32; Indv.: Mrs. A. 

Buck, $1; Leonard Withy, $1 26 32 

Idaho— $103.13 

S. S. : Fruitland, $98.83; Nezperce, $4.30, 103 13 
Illinois— $347.67 

No. Dist., Cong.: Geo. K. Miller & Wife 
(Waddams Grove) $5; S. S. : Batavia, $21.72; 
Class in Missions, Bethany Bible School 
(Chicago) $2; Hastings St. (Chicago) $46.43; 
Bethany (Chicago) $102.13; Elgin, $35.31; 
Franklin Grove, $21.50; Mt. Morris, $75.83; 
Shannon, $2.50; Pine Creek, $8.32, 320 74 

So. Dist., S. S.: Cerro Gordo, $22.93; Mar- 
tin Creek, $4 26 93 

Indiana— $595.29 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington City, $5.27; 
Beaver Creek, $9.68; Flora, $284.14; S. S. : 
Beaver Creek, $3.70; Pipe Creek, $18; Ogans 
Creek, p.37; W. Manchester, $3.21; C. W. 
S. : Manchester, $25; Aid Soc: Beaver Creek, 
$10, 366 37 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $10.96; Bremen, 
$52.50; Bethany, $22.37; Nappanee, $2; Ship- 
shewana, $21.85; No. 71953— Individuals (No. 
Liberty) $15; S. S.: "Willing Workers and 
Gleaners " Classes (Cedar Lake) $21.75; Aid 
Soc: W. Goshen, $15, 16143 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rossville, $10.79; Ar- 
cadia, $4.53; S. S.: "Bright Light" Class 
(Anderson) $4.10; Anderson, $42.38; C. W. 

Iowa — $64.26 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Iowa River) 
$2; S. S.: Coon River, $5.86; Des Moines 
Valley, $43.50, 51 36 

No. Dist., Cong.: A. M. Sharp & Wife 
(Spring Creek) $5; S. S.: Sheldon, $3.13, .. 8 13 

So. Dist., S. S.: Council Bluffs, 4 77 

Kansas— $115.99 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Buckeye, $6.55; Rich- 
land Center, $10; Oakland (Topeka) $15.35; 
Washington Creek, $7.10; Cong.: E. Maple 
Grove, $6.10; C. W. S.: Kansas City, $19, .... 64 10 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, 35 37 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Monitor, 16 52 

Louisiana— $11.55 

S. S.: Roanoke, 1155 

Maryland— $39.48 

E. Dist., S. S.: Blue Ridge College (Pipe 

S.: Anderson, $5.69, 67 49 

Creek( $26.76; Locust Grove, $3; Bethany, 

$9.72, 39 48 

Michigan— $71.49 

Cong.: Woodland, $55.30; S. S. : 3 Primary 
Classes (Woodland) $12.65; Woodland Vil- 
lage, $3.54, 71 49 

Minnesota— $31.33 

S. S.: Root River, $14; Minneapolis, $14.54; 

Bethel, $2.79, 31 33 

Missouri — $17.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. St. Joseph, 17 00 

Nebraska— $9.72 

S. S.: So. Beatrice, $2.89; Lincoln, $6.83, 9 72 

New York— $138.75 

Cong.: Brooklyn, 138 75 

North Dakota— $37.66 

Cong.: Willow Grove (Englevale) $8; S. 

S.: Zion (Cando) $21.66; Minot, $8, 37 66 

Ohio— $322.40 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland City, $19.78; 
Zion Hill, $13.79; Samuel Orr (Black River) 
$5; Paul Snick (Black River) $5; Mrs. I. M. 
Meyers (Black River) $1; Galen Orr (Black 
River) $5.52; Mary Orr, (Black River) $5; 
S. S.: "Live Wire" Class No. 6, Black 
River, $3; Cleveland, $12.06; Goshen & White 
Cottage (Goshen) $7.30; Hartville, $12.10; 
Owl Creek, $11.03; Richland, $7.17; Spring- 
field, $11.38; Paradise (Wooster) $25.75, .... 144 78 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Sugar Creek, $13.83; 
Greenspring, $31.53; Lick Creek, $7.25; 
Portage, $4.50; Ross, $3.50; 1st Toledo, 
$5.45; Wyandot, $1.50; C. W. S. : Marion, 
$12.63, 79 19 

So. Dist., Cong.: Union City, $6.39; Mrs. 
Harvey M. Stoner (W. Dayton) $10; S. S. : 
Greenville, $5; Bear Creek, $40; Mission 
Band (Circleville) $14; Lower Miami, $23.04, 98 43 

Oklahoma— $18.19 

Cong.: Guthrie, $4.33; S. S.: Thomas, 

$13.86, 18 19 

Oregon— $16.85 

Cong.: Grants Pass, 16 85 

Pennsylvania— $949.78 

E. Dist., S. S.: Kemper's (Spring Grove) 
$7; Spring Creek, $17.42; Shamokin, $7.68; 
Lititz, $117.50; Mohrsville (Maiden Creek) 
$14; Ephrata, $32.49; Harrisburg, %77; Lans- 
dale (Hatfield) $25; E. Fairview, $49.58; Mt. 
Hope (Chiques) $3; Junior Boys' (Annville) 
$10; Chiques, $8.75, 369 42 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Minister & Wife 
(Bellwood) $10; Clover Creek, $5.20; S. S.: 
Curryville (Woodbury) $11.93; Holsinger 
(Woodbury) $2.46; Yellow Creek, $5.56; 
James Creek, $2.79; Adult Bible Class (Rid- 
dlesburg) $4.15; Point (Dunnings Creek) 
$42.35; Holsinger (Dunnings Creek) $43.01; 
New Paris (Dunnings Creek) $46; Rockhill 
(Aughwick) $5.85; "Gleaners' Bible Class," 
Bellwood, $6; C. W. S. : Juniata Park Young 
People's, $5, 190 30 

So. Dist., Cong.: Three Springs (Perry) 
$6.86; Blanche Griest (Upper Conewago) 
$2.50; Upton (Back Creek) $14; Hanover, 
$10.38; New Fairview, $8.04; Melrose (Up- 
per Codorus) $13.28; 2nd York (York) $16.72, 71 78 


The Missionary Visitor 



S. E. Dist., S. S.: Bethany (Philadelphia) 
$102.44; Green Tree, $109.36, 21180 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $8; Pleasant 
Hill, $57.23; S. S. : Geiger, $15.33; Wilpen 
Italian Mission (Ligonier) $9.32; Viewmont, 

$16.60, 106 48 

South Dakota— $5.58 

S. S. : Willow Creek, 5 58 

Tennessee — $5.00 

Cong.: Piney Flats, 5 00 

Virginia— $442.57 

E. Dist., Cong.: D. M. Glick (Trevilian) 
$5; S. S. : Trevilian, $17.52; Mt. Hermon 
(Midland) $23.50, 46 02 

First Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $200; Aid 
Soc: Cloverdale, $50, 250 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Fairview (Unity) $7.05; 
Bethel (No. Mill Creek) $4.48; Cedar Grove 
(Flat Rock) $11.13; Greenmount, $13.73, 33 99 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Vernon, $9.80; Bet- 
tie F. Harnsberger (Barren Ridge) $50; S. 
S.: Mt. Vernon, $4.27; Bridgewater, $32.09, 96 16 

So. Dist., Cong.: Schoolfield, $6.22; S. S. : 
Schoolfield, $5.18; Aid Soc: Germantown, 

$5, 16 40 

Washington— $15.00 

Cong. : James Wagoner & Wife (Okanogan 

Valley), 15 00 

West Virginia— $42.75 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $6.75; 
Drs. Miller & Miller (Eglon) $12; S. S. : 

Salem (Sandy Creek) $24 42 75 

Wisconsin— $13.91 

S. S. : Chippewa Valley, $3; Rice Lake, 
$3.90; White Rapids, $2.26; Worden, $4.75, .. 13 91 

Total for the month, $3,573 24 

Total previously reported, 41,602 11 

$45,175 35 

Correction No. 24, 132 43 

Total for the year, $45,042 92 

Illinois— $52.00 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 

Bible School, 52 00 

Indiana— $651.50 

Mid. Dist., Students & Faculty of Man- 
chester College, 65150 

Kansas— $11.25 

S. E. Dist., Orpha Loshbaugh— McPher- 
son College (Hollow Cong.), 125 

S. W. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mc- 

Pherson College, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $3.00 

Mid. Dist., Rev. W. O. Snyder (Juniata 

College), 3 00 

Virginia— $121.65 

E. Dist., Students & Faculty of Hebron 
Seminary, 28 00 

First Dist., Students & Faculty of Dale- 
ville College, 93 65 

Total for "the month, $ 839 40 

Total previously reported, 3,594 20 

Total for the year, $ 4,433 60 

Arizona— $15.50 

Aid Soc: Glendale, 15 50 

California— $8.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: 1st Los Angeles, 8 00 

Indiana— $315.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 315 00 

Kansas— $216.50 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies, 130 00 

N. W. Dist. Aid Societies, $51.50; Quinter, 

$15; No. Solomon, $20, 86 50 

Maryland— $310.00 

E. Dist. Aid Societies, 300 00 

Mid. Dist, Aid Soc: Mt. Zion (Beaver 

Creek) 10 00 

Michigan— $129.00 

Aid Societies, 129 00 

Ohio— $358.25 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies, 133 25 

N. W. Dist. Aid Societies, 225 00 

Oregon— $4.00 

Aid Soc: Myrtle Point, 4 00 

Pennsylvania — $250.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Akron, 10 00 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, 135 00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Bethany, $15; Green 
Tree, $25; Amwell, $5; Geiger Mem. (Phila- 
delphia) $10; 1st Philadelphia, $50, 105 00 

Tennessee — $50.04 

Aid Societies, 50 04 

Virginia— $296 .00 

No. Dist. Aid Societies, 130 00 

Sec Dist. Aid Societies, 166 00 

West Virginia— $10.00 

1st Dist., Aid Soc: Hazelton (Sandy 
Creek), 10 00 

Total for the month, $1,962 29 

Total previously reported, 11,210 10 

Total for the year, : $13,172 39 


Maryland— $2.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Bixler (Meadow 

Branch), 2 00 

Missouri— $29.55 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 29 55 

Ohio— $2.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class 

(Woodworth) 2 00 

Pennsylvania— $14.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. M. C. (Indian Creek), 10 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 71376 (Yellow 
Creek) 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 47 55 

Total previously reported, 1,18135 

Total for the year, $1,228 90 


California— $13.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "King's Daughters" 
Class, McFarland, 8 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: " Uthai " Class, Pasa- 
dena, 5 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Alice B. Snyder 

(Cedar Rapids), 25 00 

Maryland— $38.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Westminster (Meadow 
Branch), $23; Indv.: Blue Ridge College, $15, 38 00 

Tennessee — $2.03 

D. V. B. S.: Primary Class, Walnut 
Grove, 2 03 

Total for the month, $ 78 53 

Total previously reported 99189 

Total for the year $ 1,070 42 


California— $134.12 

So. Dist., Cong.: Glendora, $129.12; H. A. 

Moomaw & Wife (Long Beach) $5, 134 12 

Canada— $7.50 

Indv.: Edna A. Riley, 7 50 

Colorado— $3.24 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 3 24 

Indiana— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 71761 (Portland), .. 5 00 

Kansas— $35.25 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. J. Yoder & Wife 
(Monitor) $25; Indv.: Ada Morrison, $10.25, 35 25 

Ohio— $4.20 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middletown, 4 20 

Pennsylvania— $178.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 71376 (Yellow 
Creek) $4; S. S. : Snake Spring, $45, 49 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harmony ville, $4.50; 
Geiger Memorial (Philadelphia) $125, 129 50 



The Missionary Visitor 


Virginia— $84.00 

First Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Troutville), 
Sec. Dist., Indv.: Floyd O. Simmons, ... 

80 00 
4 00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

451 81 
4,377 79 

Total for the year $ 4,829 60 


California— $32.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Bessie Morefield 
(Hemet) $1; S. S. : "Friendship Bible Class," 

(special) Pasadena, $31.25, 32 25 

Illinois— $2.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Albert Myers (Wad- 
dams Grove), 

India— $30.67 

Indv.: Sara G. Replogle, 

Iowa— $7.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Waterloo City (So. 


Maryland— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Licking Creek, 

Pennsylvania— $152.72 

E. Dist., Cong.: Quakertown (Springfield) 
$22.10; Big Swatara, $10; B. M. C. (Indian 
Creek) $10; S. S. : E. Fairview, $50; Spring- 
field, $18.55; D. V. B. S. : Spring Creek, 
$13.42, 124 07 

So. Dist., Cong.: L. Anna Schwenk (Sugar 
Valley), 10 00 

W. Dist., S. S. : "Beginners" Class, 
Geiger, $8.65; " Helper's " Class, Waterford 

(Ligonier) $10, 18 65 

West Virginia— $2.90 

First Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Jane Bowers, .. .2 90 

2 50 

30 67 

7 00 

1 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

229 04 
2,391 70 

Total for the year, $ 2,620 74 


Florida— $25.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, 25 00 

Maryland— $80.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Meadow Branch 80 00 

Minnesota — $79.21 

S. S.: Root River, 79 21 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 15 00 

Pennsylvania— $5.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. M. C. (Indian Creek), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 204 21 

Total previously reported, 1,293 10 

Total for the year, $1,497 31 


Illinois— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Young People's Asso- 
ciation (Astoria), 

Indiana — $35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Good Samaritan" (Ply- 

Maryland— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Maugansville (Broadfording) 

s. s. & c. w. s., 

Ohio— $8.92 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Bellefontaine 

Pennsylvania — $51.67 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. M. C. (Indian Creek) 
$5; S. S.: Grant Albert's Boys' Class, 
Palmyra, $11.67, 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parker Ford 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Thos. I. Bowman's Class 
of Boys (Mill Creek), 

15 00 

35 00 

10 00 
8 92 

16 67 
35 00 

35 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

155 59 
1,948 60 

California— $50.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Empire, 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. B. Emmert (La- 

Illinois— $135.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: M. L. Kimmel (Mt. Mor- 
ris) $10; S. S.: Douglas Park (Chicago) $100, 

So. Dist., S. S. : Young Ladies' Class, La 

Place, (Okaw), 

Indiana— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Walnut, 
Iowa— $55.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Sheldon, $50; "Live 

Wire" Class, Kingsley, $5 

Kansas— $9.49 

S. W. Dist., S. S. : Conway Springs, 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Sunshine" Band (Mead- 
ow Branch), 

Michigan— $25.00 

S. S. : Three Primary Classes, Woodland, 
N eb ras ka — $10 .36 

S. S.: Alvo, 

North Dakota— $50.00 

S. S. : Kenmare, Berthold, Surrey & 


Pennsylvania— $150.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister (Eliza- 
bethtown) $25; Leah A. Heisey (Myers- 
town) $25 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Men's Adult Bible 
Class, Williamsburg, $50; " Sheaf Gather- 
ers'" Class, Roaring Spring, $25, 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: "Grater Missionary" 

Class, Norristown, 

Virginia— $31.25 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Willing Workers" Class, 
Mill Creek, 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc. : Summit, 

25 00 

25 00 

.10 00 

25 00 

25 00 

55 00 

9 49 

25 00 

25 00 

10 36 

50 00 

50 00 

75 00 
25 00 

6 25 
25 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

566 10 
5,356 08 

Total for the year, $5,922 18 


Pennsylvania— $15.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: 



15 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

15 00 
80 00 

Total for the year $ 95 00 


Pennsylvania— $10.39 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Harry H. Reitz's 
Junior Girls' Class, Akron, 10 39 

Total for the month, $ 10 39 

Total previously reported, » 9 10 

Total for the year $ 19 49 

Iowa— $7.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Waterloo City (So. 

Waterloo), 7 00 

Kansas— $12.11 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Community, Salem, .. 12 11 

Pennsylvania— $60.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. M. C. (Indian Creek), 
$10; S. S.: E. Fairview, $50, 60 00 

Total for the month, $ 79 11 

Total previously reported, 1,634 49 

Total for the year $ 2,104 19 

Total for the year, $1,713 60 

California— $40.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Inglewood, 40 00 

Kansas— $75.00 
N. W. Dist., S. S.: "Gospel Workers" 


The Missionary Visitor 


Class, Quinter, 75 00 

Michigan— $70.00 

S. S.: "Onward Circle" Class, Grand 
Rapids, $20; " Friendly Bible " Class, Grand 

Rapids, $30; C. W. S. : Woodland, $20, 70 00 

Missouri — $21.58 

No. Dist., S. S.: Wakenda, 2158 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. M. C. (Indian Creek), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 211 58 

Total previously reported, 464 31 

Total for the year, $ 675 89 


Iowa— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Greene, 6 25 

Maryland— $17.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. S. E. Englar (Sams 

Creek), 17 50 

Minnesota— $12.00 

S. S.: Junior Dept., Root River, 12 00 

Pennsylvania — $20.00 

S. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Germantown (Phila- 
delphia), 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 55 75 

Total previously reported, 257 00 

Total for the year, $ 312 75 


Minnesota — $12.77 

S. S.: Junior Dept., Root River, 12 77 

Total for the month, ....$ 12 77 

Total previously reported, 436 19 

Total for the year, $ 448 96 


California— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, 25 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Nappanee, 25 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 

Kingsley, 5 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Eden Valley, 25 00 

Ohio— $37.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Maple Grove, $25; " King's 
Daughters" Class, E. Chippewa, $12.50, ... 37 50 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mechanic Grove, 25 00 

Washington— $50.00 

S. S.: Primary Dept., Wenatchee City, $25; 
Primary & Junior Dept., Seattle, $25, 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 192 50 

Total previously reported, 2,299 85 

Total for the year, $ 2,492 35 


Virginia— $100.00 

E. Dist., Mary E. Alexander (Mt. Ver- 
non), 100 00 

Total for the month, $ 100 00 

Total previously reported, 110 50 

Total for the year, $ 210 50 

Cuba— $126.00 

Cong.: Omaja Cuba Mem., 126 00 

Total for the month $ 126 00 

Total previously reported, 47 45 

Total for the year, $ 17345 

Indiana — $21.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Goshen) $6; 
S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's Class, Middle- 
bury, $11; C. W. S.: Rock Run Junior, $4.50, 21 50 
Michigan— $96.45 

Cong.: Dr. C. M. Mote & Wife (Beaver- 
ton) 9645 

Missouri — $8.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: D. H. Plank, 8 00 

Ohio— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Corda Wertz (Black 
River), 25 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: E. H. Rosenberger & 
Wife, (Sugar Ridge), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 155 95 

Total previously reported, 4,562 19 

Total for the year, $ 4,718 14 

Illinois— $38.79 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Fulton (Astoria) 38 79 

Indiana— $41.41 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 12 66 

No. Dist., S. S. : Baugo, $18.75; Cleve- 
land Union, (Elkhart) $10, 28 75 

Iowa— $4.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Curlew, 4 25 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Indv..: Mrs. Frank Boone, 5 00 

Oregon— $17.00 

Cong.: Myrtle Point, 17 00 

Pennsylvania — $147 . 40 

E. Dist., S. S.: E. Fairview, $25; Chiques, 
$7.60; Young Women's Bible Class, $5, .... 37 60 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Carson Valley, $15; A 
Brother (Spring Run) $10; C. W. S. : Rep- 
logle (Woodbury) $10, 35 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Katie M. Rinehart 
(Waynesboro), $10; D. D. Rinehart & Wife, 
(Waynesboro) $50; S. S.: Pleasant Hill 

(Codorus) $14.80, : 74 80 

Virginia— $25.25 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: White Hill Mission 
(Mt. Vernon), 4 25 

So. Dist., S. S. : Brick (Germantown) $16; 

Aid Soc: Brick (Germantown) $5, 2100 

Washington— $5.00 

Cong.: E. H. Tigner (Mt. Hope), 5 00 

Wisconsin— $3.56 

Cong. : Rice Lake, 3 56 

Total for the month, $ 287 66 

Total previously reported 7,906 50 

Total for the year, $ 8,194 16 

California— $12.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 

Covina, 12 00 

Illinois — $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 22 00 

Total previously reported, 516 19 

Total for the year $ 538 19 

Alabama— $5.50 

Cong.: Jacob H. Bashor (Fruitdale) $.50; 

Mrs. Eva Bashor (Fruitdale) $5, 5 50 

Florida— $8.25 

Cong.: Zion, $5; Indv.: Mrs. A. Buck, $.25; 
J. E. Young, $3, 8 25 



The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $50.45 

No. Dist., Cong.: Yellow Creek, $3.45; 

Chicago, $5; Elgin, $42, 50 45 

Indiana— $64.25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: W. H. Gauntt (Clear 
Creek) $25; Mrs. David E. Fisher (Mexico) 
$5; No. 71761 (Portland) $5; Aid Soc: W. 
Manchester, $10, 45 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $5; John Culler, 
(Goshen) $2; Jacob F. Weybright (New Sa- 
lem) $2; Indv.: Laura & Henry Baughman, 
$4, -.... 13 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, 6 25 

Kansas— $32.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: E. J. Sell & Wife 
(Fredonia) $10; Julia A. Kester (Verdigris) 
$2; Indv.: Isaac Overholser, $5, 17 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Amanda Fahne- 
stock (McPherson) $10; Indv.: Mollie 

Stoops, $5, 15 00 

Maryland— $170.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 
$5; Oscar A. Helbig & Family (Washing- 
ton City) $30; Walter B. Yount & Wife 
(Meadow Branch) $100; Aid Soc: Pipe 
Creek, $8, 143 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Broadfording, $10; C. E. 
Martin & Wife (Broadfording) $5 15 00 

W. Dist., Indv.: Jacob Abe, $3; Mrs. Flos- 
sie M. Merrill, $9, 12 00 

Michigan— $13.25 

Cong.: Vestaburg, $3.25; "Individual" 
(Thornapple) $5; S. S.: Thornapple, $5, .... 13 25 

Minnesota — $1.00 

Cong.: Lizzie E. Ogg (Root River), 100 

Missouri— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. H. H. Kindig, ... 10 00 

Ohio— $243.99 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $23.88; 
Millard & Mary Moore (Owl Creek) $5; Aid 
Soc: Ashland Dickey, $10, 38 88 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lydia Fried (Lick 
Creek) $5; S. S. : Sugar Creek, $3.80; Pleas- 
ant View, $100, 108 80 

So. Dist., Cong.: Greenville, $42.65; Bear 
Creek, $14.55; Cedar Grove (Prices Creek) 
$4.31; Mrs. Ellen E. Boughnecht (Trot- 
wood) $5; S. S.: Georgetown (Ludlow- 
Salem) $17; Painter Creek, $12.80, % 31 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Indv. : A. Leedy, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $178.13 

E. Dist., Cong.: Milton L. Hershey (E. 
Fairview), 5 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: John Bennett (Artemas) 
$10; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $2; 
Aid Soc: Huntingdon, $21, 33 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $71.94; Blanche 
Griest, (Upper Conewago) $1; J. D. Wilson 
(Back Creek) $2; Aid Soc: Hanover, $5, . . . 79 94 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Calvary (Philadelphia) 
$20; Unknown donor (Philadelphia) $1; Mrs. 
Kate Smith (1st Philadelphia) $3; S. S. : Pri- 
mary Dept., Calvary (Philadelphia) $5, . . . . 29 00 

W. Dist., Conemaugh Cong. & S. S. 
(Johnstown), 31 19 

Tennessee — $10.00 

Cong.: J. W. Bowman & Family (Knob 

Creek), 10 00 

Virginia— $74.34 

E. Dist., Cong.: M. E. & J. E. Wine (Oak- 
ton-Fairfax) 13 10 

First Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View (Chest- 
nut Grove), 36 24 

No. Dist., Cong.: Timberville 15 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: G. B. Flory (Bridge- 
water), 10 00 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Melissa Longhenry (Yakima), 10 00 

West Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Dr. H. F. Coffman 
(New Creek) 5 00 

Wisconsin— $1.00 

Indv.: Elizabeth C. Clark, 100 

Total for the month $ 887 16 

Total previously reported, 275 70 

Total for the year, $1,162 86 

Iowa— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lydia Ommen (Coon 
River), 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 3,744 60 

Total for the year, $ 3,749 60 

Michigan — $2.00 

Indv.: No. 71529, $1; No. 71366, $1, of 
Brutus, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Total previously reported, 319 59 

Total for the year, $ 321 59 

Indiana— $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Camp Creek, 10 00 

Missouri — $8.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: D. H. Plank, 8 00 

Pennsylvania— $35.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: No. 71456 (Palmyra), .... 35 00 

Virginia— $12.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Fairview (Unity), 12 00 

Total for the month, $ 65 00 

Total previously reported, 4,06138 

Total for the year, $ 4,126 38 

Pennsylvania— $1.20 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Riddlesburg 1 20 

Total for the month, $ 1 20 

Total previously reported, 8,417 91 

Total for the year $8,419 11 

California — $45 .00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Live Oak, $5; Reedley, 

$40 45 00 

Idaho— $15.44 

Cong.: Nampa, 15 44 

Illinois— $685.49 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chicago, $200; Elgin, 

$98.24; Franklin Grove, $387.25, 685 49 

Indiana— $682.36 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelor Run, $70; 
Flora, $42; Sugar Creek, $10; Huntington 
City, $436.36, 538 36 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, $39; S. S. 

New Paris, $105, 144 00 

Iowa— $501.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Muscatine, 20 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, 48100 

Kansas— $146.25 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Richland Center, $15; 
Topeka, $22, 37 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, 109 25 

Maryland— $199.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $8; Locust 
Grove, $146.50; New Windsor (Pipe Creek) 
$20; Mary Bitner (New Windsor- Pipe Creek) 

$5; Aid Soc: Washington City, $20, 199 50 

Michigan— $60.00 

Cong. : Shepherd, 60 00 

Montana — $8.00 

W. Dist., Indv.: Emma Leib, 8 00 

Ohio— $899.05 


The Missionary Visitor 


N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $33.50; 
Beech Grove (Chippewa) $215.14; East Chip- 
pewa, $43.52; Springfield, $100; Wooster, $24; 
N. A. Schrock & Wife (Baltic) $20, 436 16 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $14; Lima, 
$121; Marion, $41; Pleasant View, $50; S. 
S. : Eagle Creek, $54.39, 280 39 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ft. McKinley, $27; Green- 
ville, $15; New Carlisle, $140.50, 182 50 

Pennsylvania — $764.63 

E. Dist., Cong.: Conestoga, $5; Palmyra, 
$18; Spring Creek, $49.41, 72 41 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Raven Run, $58; Spring 
Run, $538.22, N 596 22 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Frank J. Wright 
(Brooklyn), 2 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brandts (Back Creek) 
$13.50; Carlisle, $20, 33 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Glen, 60 00 

Virginia— $783.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas, 90 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, $19.06; 
Linville Creek, $37.47; Unity, $227.17; Aid 
Soc: Mt. Zion (Greenmount) $10, 293 70 

So. Dist., Cong.: Burks Fork, 15 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $350; Val- 
ley Bethel, $35, 385 00 

Washington— $68.00 

Cong.: Seattle, 68 00 

West Virginia— $8.00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Mary Toothman, 8 00 

Total for the month $4,886 42 

Total previously reported, 44,074 65 

Total for the year, $48,96107 


Indiana— $66.09 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View 4109 

Noi Dist., Cong.: Bremen 25 00 

Virginia — $5.00 
First Dist., Indv.: Lucy A. Manzy, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 7109 

Total previously reported, 277 56 

Total for the year, $ 348 65 

Illinois— $11.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris (Temp. & 

Purity work), 11 25 

Iowa— $2.30 

No. Dist., S. S.: Curlew (Temp. & Purity 

work), 2 30 

Virginia— $10.38 

First Dist., Cong.: Daleville (Temp. & 
Purity work), 10 38 

Total for the month, $ 23 93 

Total previously reported, 148 63 

Total for the year, $ 172 56 

California— $205.12 

So. Dist., La Verne S. S. for L. A. 
Blickenstaff & Wife & E. D. Vaniman & 

Wife, 205 12 

Illinois— $980.62 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris S. S. for Sadie J. 
Miller, $240; Albert Myers & Family (Wad- 
dams Grove) for Kathryn B. Garner, $2; J. 
W. Wolf & Family (Franklin Grove) for 
Mae Wolf, $215, 457 00 

So. Dist., Virden S. S. for Dr. Laura Cot- 
trell, $257.50; Canton S. S. (Coal Creek) for 
Eliza B. Miller, $26.12; Cerro Gordo S. S. 

for Dr. A. R. Cottrell, $240, 523 62 

Indiana— $1,442.00 

Mid. Dist., Manchester S. S. for Alice K. 
Ebey, $515; Mexico Cong, for Lillian Grisso, 
$490; Mid. Dist. S. S.'s for Mabel W. 
Moomaw, $240, 1,245 00 

No. Dist., Cedar Lake S. S. for Mary 
Schaefrer & Minerva Metzger, $20; Walnut 
S. S. for A. T. Hoffert, $127 147 00 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Aid Soc. for Net- 
tie B. Summer, 50 00 

Iowa— $1,058.35 

No. Dist., Waterloo City S. S. (So. Water- 
loo) for Mary Shull, $140; Grundy Co. 
Cong, for W. Harlan Smith & Family, $735, 875 00 

So. Dist., English River S. S. for Nettie 

Senger, 18335 

Kansas— $347.56 

S. E. Dist., Congs. & Individuals for Dist. 
for Emma H. Eby, $94.56; Parsons S. S. 
for Emma H. Eby, $3, 97 56 

S. W. Dist. Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker 

& Wife, 250 00 

Nebraska— $255.97 

Bethel Cong, for Raymond C. Flory, 255 97 

Ohio— $986.47 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 
$22; Owl Creek Cong, for Lola Helser, $68.50; 
Mrs. Allen Toms (Owl Creek) for Lola 
Helser, $10; Hartville Cong, for Anna Brum- 
baugh, $95.40, 195 90 

N. W. Dist. S. S.'s for Hattie Z. Alley, 
$270; Lick Creek Cong, for Elizabeth Kintner, 
$15; Hickory Grove S. S. (Silver Creek) for 
Hattie Z. Alley, $28.12; H. A. Throne 
(Silver Creek) for Chalmer G. Shull, $125, 438 12 

So. Dist., Bear Creek Cong, for Anna Eby 
Lichty, $102.45; Springfield, Donnells Creek, 
New Carlisle & W. Charleston S. S.'s for 

Hazel C. Sollenberger, $250, 352 45 

Pennsylvania— $3,289.62 

E. Dist., S. S.'s for Kathryn Ziegler, $515; 
Spring Creek Cong, for Eliza B. Miller, 
$1.20; Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna 
Hutchison, $286.67; Midway Cong, for J. F. 
Graybill, $550; Salunga S. S. (E. Peters- 
burg) for Baxter Mow, $120; Chiques Cong, 
for Alice Graybill, $550, 2,022 87 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Everett, $50; 1st Al- 
toona S. S. for Ida Himmelsbaugh, $515; 
Albright Cong, for Olivia D. Ikenberry, $23, 588 00 

So. Dist., Missionary Association of 
Waynesboro for Lizzie N. Flory, 450 00 

S. E. Dist., 1st Philadelphia Aid Soc. for 
Ruth Kulp, 100 00 

W. Dist., Shade Creek Cong, for Anna 

Z. Blough, 128 75 

Tennessee — $84.50 

Boon's Creek S. S. (Knob Creek) $12; 
Mountain Valley S. S., $4; Knob Creek 
Cong., $43.50; Knob Creek S. S. for Anna B. 

Seese, $25, 84 50 

Virginia— $1,863.14 

E. Dist., H. F. Myers (Oakton- Fairfax) 
for M. M. Myers 225 00 

First Dist., Lelan C. Moomaw & Wife 
(Roanoke) for Elsie Shickel, 200 00 

No. Dist. S. S.'s for Dr. Fred Wampler, 
$443.52; No. Dist. Congs. for I. S. Long & 
Wife, $267.92; Greenmount Cong, for I. S. 
Long & Wife, $25; F. J. Wampler, $5; Sara 
Z. Myers, $250, 991 44 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $146.70; Pleasant Valley S. S. for 
Edna Flory, $300, 446 70 

Total for the month, $10,513 35 

Total previously reported, 45,346 52 

Correction No. 24, 132 43 

Total for the year, $55,992 30 

Any single grape is as startling a miracle 
as anything recorded within the Bible. 
Who is competent to say where the natural 
breaks off and the supernatural begins? — 
George Clarke Peck. 



«JSend $1.50 for a year's sub- 
scription of ten months 
(August and September not 
published), and receive as a 
premium, absolutely free, a 
paper-covered copy of either 
of the new mission study 
books on China, MING 
KWOXG for women and 
young women or CHINESE 
LANTERNS for Juniors. 
Or send Club subscriptions 
of five or more with $1.25 
each. (No book with this 

•I Every Sunday-school Li- 
brary. Junior Society and 
Mission Club should sub- 
scribe for EVERYLAND. 
Teachers find it a mine of 
wealth for story telling. 
Children of missionaries on 
the home and foreign field 
love it. Send it to them for 
a gift. 

Has every boy and girl you know, 
from ten to fifteen years, sub- 
scribed for this remarkable Mis- 
sionary Magazine of World Friend- 
ship? EVERYLAND is a unique 
little magazine containing fascinat- 
ing stories by the best authors, 
telling about boys and girls in 
other lands as they really are; fine 
illustrations; an Exchange Depart- 
ment, and a Grandmother's Story 
Page for very little tots. The 
cover pictures in color are wonder- 
fully good, and on the back cover 
each month is a bit of a classic. 


Send Your Order to 


(Church of the Brethren Dept.) 


^IIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIlilTlllllllllillllili"! lililllllllillillilllllllllllllillllllllllllllllllllllli™^ 

W. J. Swigart Speaks— 

(Copy of clipping from the March 22, 1 924 issue 
of the Gospel Messenger) 

: _ - .. ... .-lowmefii iunu 

-.c in every college in the church. How 

xiQ gracious would be the consciousness were 

..c of these good causes in which it could be doing 

O jod instead of in the hands of those conscienceless 

rascals that got it. 

With all the chances for losing money, persons with 
a little bit of savings and the desire to conserve it for old 
age, and then entail it to some good cause, are really per- 
plexed as to where to place it. It seems to me the interest- 
bearing bonds offered by the colleges and the Mission 
Board would recommend themselves to such persons. 

These Annuity Bonds are safe, having all the assets of 
the institutions back of them. They yield a fair and good 
semiannual return during life. They relieve one of all 
care and responsibility of investing and reinvesting. When 
the end comes the estate is settled. There is no need of 
fees or commissions; nor liability to wear and waste of 
the principal sum in contests or litigation strifes. All 
that remains to be done~is the surrender of the bond and 
the bestowment is accomplished. It is all just where it 
was designed to be, and remains a perpetual fund to be 
doing good after the donor has gone to his reward. Write 
and make inquiry about them. y/ j Swigart. 

.n in- 
% not 





^ to 

•s of 


Merest was greatly aroused as we vi c * % 
■e in his study. He sir- - 

" Thank you, Brother Swigart, " we expect many to ask us 
about our Annuity Plan 


(!ei\eral Mission. Board 



Elgirv Illinois 



ChuvclKof the ^Brethren 

V ^NxxXXx^v~~^ 

Vol. XXVI 

Jusae, 1924 

No. 6 

Baptism in India 







H. C. EARLY, President, Muncie, Ind. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin. _I1L 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, 'that these subscription terms do not include a subscription 
for every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt motice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act ofi 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


V<jHjt^^«-^^^^«-^^^i-^^--t$+*^*Jj i%^i%+^^ifc J %i-*!!+$?-*fr*fc -£. **; ->5<-*J« *J*HjMj>+t+ > J* + ***t < ^^++*?: , ^^ ,> t' M &*£ <! *3 ( **^J^^£^+**+*^**^5^$*+$wJ* *** 



How Mission Money Was Spent During Year 163 

Comparative Statement of Funds 164 

Supports of Missionaries 164 




SWEDEN 223-225 





The Thirty-Ninth 


of the 

General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 
For the Year Ending Feb. 29, 1 924 

Published by the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 
For distribution free to all who are interested 

The Membership of the Board 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana, .... Term expires 1928 

H. H. Nye, Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, Term expires 1927 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas, Term expires 1926 

H. C. Early, 916 W. Main St. Muncie, Ind Term expires 1925 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa, Term expires 1924 


President, H. C. Early, Muncie, Ind. 

Vice-President, Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana 

General Secretary, Charles D. Bonsack, Elgin, Illinois 

Missionary Educational Sec, H. Spenser Minnich 

Editor, the Visitor 

Elgin, Illinois 

Home Mission Secretary, M. R. Zigler 
Elgin, Illinois 

Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp 
Elgin, Illinois 

To insure prompt attention, all correspondence relative to mission 
work, or any activities of the Board, that is intended for the Board, 
should be addressed to General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

162 The Missionary Visitor *g* 

Our Thirty-Ninth Annual Report 

For the Fiscal Year Ending February 29, 1924 

THE Board wishes to praise God for his direction in the affairs of the past year, 
and to reassert that our whole trust is in him, and we have no confidence 
that we shall achieve our goal apart from his intimate leading. We appreciate 
the fine cooperation given by such a large percentage of the membership, and we 
have endeavored in a sincere and honest way to perform faithfully the work the 
church has appointed us to do. 

The climate of all of our mission lands is like a heavy weight on the backs of our 
missionaries, and there has been an unusual amount of sickness, but we praise God 
that there were no deaths in the mission family during the year. 

At the beginning of the year the Board hoped that some advances could be made, 
and twenty-one new missionaries were approved by the Calgary Conference. The 
offering there was so disappointing that the Board felt compelled to reverse its policy, 
and only eight new workers were sent to the field during the past year. They are 
as follows : To Africa, Lola Bechtel Helser, Ruth Ro3^er Kulp, Dr. and Mrs. Homer 
Burke; to India, Baxter and Anna Beahm Mow; to South China, Albert and Verona 
Kreider Smith. No new workers were sent to our North China field. 

The finances of the Board were inadequate to send them, but the urgent need 
made it imperative that these workers should go. At the time of writing this report 
(April) there are 127 missionaries in the employ of the Board. At this date three 
years ago we had 120 foreign workers. Of the 127 now in service, five are in Scan- 
dinavia, fifty-two are in China (twelve of these are at home on furlough), sixty-four 
are in India (twelve of these are at home on furlough), and six are in Africa. India 
and China together have twenty-four folks on furlough. Some of them are on their 
regular furlough, which provides for a missionary to return to America every seven 
years for a period of about eighteen months, including the time of passage. Ten of 
those now on furlough are here because of sickness, and a number of them will not 
be able to return to the field unless our Heavenly Father sees wise to restore them to 
health. We ask the church to pray earnestly for them. 

The missionaries on all fields have sacrificed much to help the Board meet its 
financial problems. The India missionaries voluntarily asked that their supports, 
ranging from $500 to $550, be reduced to $480 per year. Missionaries in other fields 
have been sending financial contributions to the Board. In India the mission appointed 
a committee to investigate every department of the work, to ascertain where re- 
ductions might be made without serious curtailment of efforts. 

The Board has reason to believe that the workers on the field are in harmony 
with the home church on matters of doctrine and polity, and the theological contro- 
versies, which have wrought so much havoc in some denominations, have not seriously 
interfered with our work. 

The missions report a normal number of new members won for Christ during the 
year. (The exact figures have not yet been received.) In addition to the numerical 
signs of growth there is manifested a spiritual growth by the natives in wanting 
to assume more responsibility as well as leadership in the extension of of the kingdom. 
The mission work in America under the care of the Board is prospering. Bro. 
E. E. Eshelman is pastoring the church at Red Cloud, Nebr. ; Bro. W. J. Horner at 
Fort Worth, Tex.; Bro. C. M. Driver in Greene County, Va. ; Bro. E. R. Fisher at 
Broadwater, Mo.; Bro. D. G. Brubaker at Fruitdale, Ala.; and Bro. Ralph White at 
Piney Flats, Tenn. These men are working in cooperation with the missionary or- 
ganization of those territories. Through the efforts of the Home Department of 
the Board there is a growing acquaintance and cooperation among the forty-eight 

\™ The Missionary Visitor 163 

District Mission Boards. Eleven such Boards are receiving financial help. Seven 
summer pastors were employed in 1923. Bro. John R. Snyder has held evangelistic 
meetings in seven churches of the Southland. 

The Board has four regular meetings annually. One is held at Conference and 
the other three in September, December, and April. The decisions and policies of the 
Board are all determined during the meetings of the Board, but the work between 
sessions is entrusted to four employed secretaries. Eld. C. D. Bonsack, the General 
Secretary, has supervision over all the work of the Board and assumes the responsi- 
bility for the administration of our work on the six foreign fields. He also gives much 
time among the churches, cultivating the field, and making friends and creating a 
good understanding of the mission cause. Eld. M. R. Zigler, the Home Mission 
Secretary, gives his time almost exclusively to the problem of missions in America. 
Much of his time must be spent among the churches, particularly in weak Districts. 
Clyde M. Culp, the Treasurer, receives all money, giving receipts for same, and issues 
all financial reports which appear in our church papers. In addition to this he is 
responsible for the care of the endowment and annuities of the Board, which amount 
to considerably over a million dollars. These funds are not available for missions 
now, but become so upon the death of the donors. Eld. H. Spenser Minnich, the 
Missionary Educational Secretary, issues the educational literature, promotes mission 
study, cooperates with the District Missionary Secretaries and Local Missionary 
Committees, and acts as an assistant to Bro. Bonsack when he must be out of the 
office among the churches. 

At the beginning of the year, March 1, 1923, the Board had a balance in its 
treasury of $27,510.11, and at the end of the year, Feb. 28, 1924, there was a deficit 
of $16,818.81. The total mission expense for the year was $325,254.83 as compared 
with $331,511.11 for the preceding year. This represents a reduction in expense of 
$6,256.28. The reduction would have been more, but the opening of the African 
Mission presents a demand for funds not needed heretofore. The distribution of the 
Board's funds to the different fields and for administrative purposes is always a 
matter of interest and we show the following expenditures for the past year: 
How the Mission Money Was Spent During Year Ending Feb. 29, 1924 


India $135,648.93 41.8 

China 90,070.59 27.7 

Africa 9,398.00 2.9 

Sweden 13,899.05 4.3 

Denmark 4,693.84 1.4 

South China 2,291.84 .7 

Home Missions 43,878.02 13.4 

Promotion, including Visitor 14,140.51 4.3 

Administration 11,234.05 3.5 

$325,254.83 100.0 

We believe the foregoing figures will help every sincere member to know where 
the missionary dollar is spent, and that the mission affairs of the church are handled 
in an economical way. 

As we launch forward into this new year the Board desires to feel that the entire 
church is sincerely back of the work with real sacrifice. We are not unmindful of 
the adverse financial circumstances of many of our brethren, and it is all the more 
reason why those who are able should come to the rescue of those who are unable 
to help much in this time of financial uncertainty for farmers in many sections. 
In spite of adverse conditions we should make the necessary sacrifices to continue our 
missionary work. There is no crown without its cross. Our godly homes and Chris- 

164 The Missionary Visitor J™JJ 

tian colleges have furnished us a splendid supply of extraordinary workers for both 
home and foreign mission service, and we feel that if the church is not soon able 
and willing to supply the funds to place these folks at work there will be a falling 
off in the offering of consecrated life for missionary work in hard places. 

The foregoing report is necessarily brief, but in succeeding pages the reports 
direct from the fields will give much information about the wonderful work being 
done by your servants in their respective lands. 

Often we are bowed down by the weight of great problems, and we need the 
prayerful interest and cooperation of all the churches. 

Fraternally yours, 


A Comparative Statement of Mission Funds 


1922-23 1923-24 Increase 

1. Contributions of living donors $191,367.60 $241,883.10 $50,515.50 

2. Bequests, lapsed annuities and miscellaneous credits 87,601.46 11,160.05 76,441.41* 

3. Net income, investments (after paying annuities) . . 30,955.35 24,784.57 6,170.78* 

$309,924.41 $277,827.72 $32,096.69* 

Endowment and Annuities, all funds 58,735.51 81,294.85 22,559.34 

Special relief, all funds 34,226.05 16,668.91 17,557.14* 


1. "Visitor" and Missionary Education $ 7,649.32 $ 8,596.29 $ 946.97 

2. General Expenses 18,509.92 20,292.57 1,782.65 

3. India Mission Expense 140,826.80 135,648.93 5,177.87* 

4. China Mission Expense 76,655.12 90,070.59 13,415.47 

5. Sweden Mission Expense 13,506.88 13,899.05 392.17 

6. Denmark Mission Expense { 5,973.89 4,693.84 1,280.05* 

7. So. China Mission Expense 485.19 2,291.84 1,806.65 

8. Africa Mission Expense 3,353.27 9,398.00 6,044.73 

9. Home Missions Expense 64,550.72 40,363.72 24,187.00* 

* Decrease $331,511.11 $325,254.83 $ 6,256.28* 

The contributions show a good increase for the year for the amount of which 
credit goes to the Sunday-schools' special response to the Emergency appeal. A large 
decrease in receipts in the next item is only by comparison and is due to the $72,000.00 
transfer of China famine surplus of the year before. Endowment and annuity receipts 
show a splendid increase. 

Under " Expenditures, " the first two items show an increase arising from the 
maximum expenses for a full year with the present office staff. The China Mission's 
increase comes from completion practically of a large building program of the past 
few years. South China and Africa Mission expenses show a natural increase with the 
starting of new work in these fields. The decrease in Home Mission expenses is only 
by comparison and is due to the Greene Co. farm purchase of $20,000.00 paid in the last 


The following individuals and oganizations are at the present on our honor roll 
as financial supporters of workers on the foreign field: 
California — 

Breneman, I. and O., Bro. John I. Kaylor, India. 

Covina Missionary Class, Delbert Vaniman (son of Ernest D. Vaniman), China. 

La Verne congregation and Sunday-school, Brother and Sister Ernest D. Vaniman, 
China, and Brother and Sister Lynn A. Blickenstaff, India. 

Jjgf The Missionary Visitor * 165 


Nezperce congregation, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Anetta C. Mow, 

Illinois — 

Blickenstaff relatives, Sister Verna Blickenstaff, India. 

Butterbaugh family, two-thirds support of Bro. A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Centennial (Okaw) congregation and individuals, Brother J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India. 

Decatur Sunday-school, Primary Dept., one-half support of lone Butterbaugh 

(daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 
Franklin Grove congregation, Sister Bertha L. Butterbaugh, India. 
Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 
Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 
Northern Illinois Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Garner, India. 
Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 
Virden Sisters' Aid Society, one-half support of Leah Ruth Ebey (daughter of 

Adam Ebey), India. 
Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 
Virden congregation, Bro. Chalmer G. Shull, India. 
Wolf, J. E., Mae Wolf, India. 

Indiana — 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Nettie B. Summer, India. 

Locust Grove Sunday-school, Sister Ina M. Kaylor, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Sister Laura J. Shock, China. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Mexico congregation, Sister Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Sister Mabel W. Moomaw, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Sisters Minerva Metzger and Mary Schaeffer, 

Pine Creek congregation, Sister Winnie E. Cripe, China. 
Pipe Creek congregation, Sister Anna M. Forney, India. 
Pyrmont Sunday-school, Bro. Moy Gwong, South China. 
Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. W. J. Heisey, China. 
Walnut Sunday-school, Bro. Andrew Hoffert, India. 

Iowa — 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Sister Emma Horning, China. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Helser Africa Budget, $450.00. 

Grundy County congregation, Bro. W. Harlan Smith and family, China. 

Heagley, Rebecca, Geo. H. Coffman (son of Dr. Carl Coffman), China. 

North English and English River Sunday-schools, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

Panther Creek Sunday-school, one-half support of Sister Olivia D. Ikenberry, 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Sister Jennie B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' Society, Bro. A. S. B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, "Loyal Helpers' Class," Josephine Miller (daughter 
of A. S. B. Miller), India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary and Junior Departments, Marjorie Mil- 
ler (daughter of A. S. B. Miller), India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary Dept., Lorita Shull (daughter of C. G. 
Shull), India. 

Waterloo City Sunday-school, Sister Mary S. Shull, India. 

166 The Missionary Visitor \™f 

Kansas — 

Daggett, A. C, Sister Martha D. Horning, China. 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools, Sister Ella Ebbert, India. 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday-schools, Bro. Howard L. Alley. 

Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Emma H. Eby, India. 

Southwestern Kansas congregations, Brother and Sister Frank H. Crumpacker, 

Yoder, J. D., Sisters Lulu Ullom and Myrtle Pollock, China. 
Maryland — p 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, Brethren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 
Michigan — 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Sister Pearl S. Bowman, China. 

Primary Departments of Michigan Sunday-schools, Harold Bowman (son of Samuel 
Bowman), China. 

Junior Departments of Michigan Sunday-schools, Harlan Bowman (son of Samuel 
Bowman), China. 
Missouri — 

Middle Missouri congregations, Sister Jennie M. Mohler, India. 
Nebraska — 

Bethel congregation and Sunday-school, Bro. Raymond C. Flory, China. 

Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 

Ohio — 

Bear Creek congregation, Sister Anna Lichty, India. 

Eversole congregation, Bro. J. H. Bright, China. 

Freeburg and Science Hill Sunday-schools, Sister Sue R. Heisey, China. 

Hartville congregation, Sister Anna B. Brumbaugh, India. 

Lick Creek congregation, Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India. 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Goldie E. Swartz, India. 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India. 

New Carlisle, West Charleston, Donnels Creek and Springfield congregations, 

Sister Hazel C. Sollenberger, China. 
Olivet congregation, Bro. A. D. Helser, Africa. 
Owl Creek congregation, Sister Lola Helser, Africa. 
Painter Creek congregation, Sister Verona Smith, South China. 
Pleasant View Sunday-school, Sister Ellen H. Wagoner, India. 
Salem congregation, Sister Minnie F. Bright, China. 
Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, Bro. O. C. Sollenberger and Sister Elizabeth Baker, 

Throne, H. A., Bro. Chalmer G. Shull, India. 
Trotwood congregation, Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China. 

Pennsylvania — 

Albright congregation and Sunday-school, one-half support of Olivia D. IJcenberry, 

Altoona, First Sunday-school, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 
Baker, Francis, of Everett congregation, Sister Feme H. Coffman, China. 
Brandt, D. E. and family, Bro. E. L. Ikenberry, China. 
Chiques congregation, Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden. 
Coventry congregation, Bro. H. Stover Kulp, Africa. 
Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 
Everett congregation, Dr. Carl Coffman, China. 
Fairview Sunday-school, Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. 
Harrisburg congregation, Sister Nora R. Hollenberg, India. 
Huntingdon congregation and college, Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 

1™£ The Missionary Visitor 167 

Lebanon Sunday-school, "Helping Hand" Class, Alberta C. Sollenberger (daughter 
of O. C. Sollenberger), China. 

Midway congregation, Bro. J. F. Graybill, Sweden. 

New Enterprise congregation, Sister Sara G. Replogle, India. 

Palmyra congregation, Bro. D. L. Forney, India. 

Philadelphia, First, congregation, Sister Ruth R. Kulp, Africa. 

Richland congregation, Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Salunga Sunday-school (E. Petersburg congregation), Bro. Baxter M. Mow, India. 

Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level congregations, Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 

Southern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 

Spring Creek congregation, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Walnut Grove Sunday-school, Bro. Samuel Bowman, China. 

Waynesboro congregation, Sister Lizzie N. Flory, China. 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, 
India ; Sister Grace Clapper, China. 
Tennessee — 

Sunday-schools of Tennessee, Sister Anna B. Seese, China. 
Virginia — 

Barren Ridge congregation, Sister Nora Flory, China. 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, Bro. Norman A. Seese. Chinn 

Cline, Willie B., Alfred E. Hollenberg (son of Fred M. Hollenberg), India. 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 

Greenmount and Elk Run congregations, Sister Sara Z. Myers, China. 

Lebanon congregation, Sister Valley V. Miller, China. 

Middle River congregation, Bro. Byron M. Flory, China. 

Moomaw, Leland C. and Sunday-schools of First and Southern Virginia, Sister 
Elsie N. Shickel, India. 

Myers Brothers, Bro. Minor M. Myers, China. 

Northern Virginia congregations, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Sister Edna R. Flory, China. 
Washington — 

Wenatchee Valley Missionary Society, Sister Ada Dunning, China. 
West Virginia — 

Eglon congregation, Sister Anna B. Mow, India. 

Sandy Creek congregation, Sister Mary E. Cline, China. 

168 The Missionary Visitor *g« 



Elizabeth Kintner 

ANOTHER year has slipped away, and as we look back over the year's work 
we see where numerous mistakes were made and things that should be different, 
but we rejoice, feeling that we have in many ways advanced. 
In some places we have noticed a marked change in friendliness toward the mis- 
sionaries and Christian work. In one locality, where a school was started six or seven 
years ago, and where at that time it was very difficult for the first workers to get 
water (not being allowed to go to the wells themselves lest they defile the water), 
there is a decided change for the better. At Christmas time the parents and friends of 
the schoolboys come to the school to listen to the program, and they even take grain 
and other food from the hands of our workers and eat it. This is a long step for the 
caste people, for if there is anything about which a Hindu is particular it is his food 
and drink. This is a fair sample of the change of the attitude of the people in localities 
that are being worked, but because of lack of funds we are having to turn away some 
of those who are desiring to be in school. 

During 1923 we made the change from the old way of taking care of mission 
business to the new way under the constitution which became effective last November. 
Prior to that time anyone had the right to speak on any of the subjects under discus- 
sion; then the voting was done by the five members of the Field Committee. Under the 
new constitution all have the same right to speak on the different subjects discussed, 
and all of the voting members, or full-fledged missionaries — that is, those who have 
been on the field two years and have passed at least one language examination — are 
allowed to vote. We have an executive committee of five members that are given 
power to transact urgent business between mission conferences. Their decisions are 
sent to the various station conferences for acceptance or rejection; so you see we 
have become more democratic. 

The station conference I mentioned is a meeting held for the most part once a 
month by all the missionaries of a station, to decide questions relating to all the work 
of the station, give reports on progress of the work and originate new business for 
the mission conference. The secretaries are to collect material for a history of the 
work at their particular stations and keep the history up to date. 

Besides the executive committee, there are various committees chosen by the 
conference, whose duty it is to discuss matters assigned to them by the conference 
secretary, and to make recommendations that are discussed and accepted or rejected 
by the open conference. 

With a view to promoting greater unity between the mission and the Indian church 
a joint committee, composed of ten Indian brethren and five misssionaries, met for 
the first time at Bulsar in June, 1923. Problems of interest to both were discussed, 
and some recommendations made to the mission conference which is the final arbiter in 
all decisions. A second meeting was held shortly after the November conference. 

There is some agitation for pastors among the Indian churches, and according to a 
recent decision of the mission conference any church may choose a pastor, provided it 
pays at least part of his support. Until it pays half, the man is under the jurisdiction 
of the mission. The mission completes the support, diminishing the amount, and the 
church increasing its amount by ten per cent each year. 

For several years the two language areas have held separate District Meetings. 
At the meeting at Vyara in February, 1923, the "giving spirit" was manifest, and many 
pledges were made in the way of clothing, money for the digging of a well, a certain 
per cent of the child's board each month for a year, etc., for the support of the District 
work, which is in charge of the Indian Mission Board composed of four Indian brethren 

\™ The Missionary Visitor 169 

and one missionary. A number of those who attended the meeting brought some of 
the enthusiasm home with them, and more pledges were made by those who did not go. 

The Marathi District Meeting also was characterized by the spirit of giving, and 
a goodly sum was raised for the spread of the Gospel. 

In November Brethren Blpugh and Lichty were appointed to visit all the stations, 
in order to get "first hand" information as to where expenses could be lessened with 
the least injury to the work. Most of this was done in December, but a little was left 
over for the new year. 

A Christian Council of Missions meets regularly in Bombay once a year (oftener 
at the call of the chairman), in order to discuss problems of common interest to all 
missions of India. The members are chosen by the various missions. Our mission 
has one representative. 

At the beginning of 1923 there were fifty missionaries on the field. During the 
year six went on furlough, four returned and four new ones came out, making a total 
of fifty-two on the field at the end of the year. 

With few exceptions the health of the missionary body was good throughout the 
year. Bro. Hollenberg's health has not been good for some time, so they went to 
Poona in February, then to Mahableshwar in March, and returned to the plains the 
latter part of May. His health has improved some, but toward the latter part of 
the year his trouble increased, and it was thought best that he go to a hill station 
early in the new year. 

Sister Himmelsbaugh had suffered for many months from a painful foot. Nothing 
appeared on the outside, but an X-ray picture taken in February revealed two bony 
growths on the heelbone. She was given permission to take an early furlough, and 
left for the homeland in July, instead of early in 1924. 

Mrs. Blickenstaff has been troubled with a low fever for more than a year. It has 
been very difficult to find the cause of the fever. She spent the time from March to 
December at Landour, and during nearly all that time had fever. There was some 
suspicion that it might be a form of tuberculosis, but several X-ray pictures gave 
little support to the idea. She is still, as she terms it, an "experiment station." But she 
is not yet ready to go back to America, as one doctor advised. 

For a number of years our missionaries who studied Marathi have had the advan- 
tage of study in a union language school, supported by several missions. This school 
holds its sessions at Poona and Mahableshwar. There had been no such school for 
those studying Gujarati until 1923. Several missions joined in paying the expense of 
sending two teachers to Landour to take care of the teaching for three months. Mrs. 
Taylor, an elderly lady of the Irish Presbyterian Mission, also kindly helped in this 
work. It was decided that somewhat the same plan should be followed in 1924. 

Those who took the language examinations last year were all successful — Sister 
Kaylor, first-year Marathi ; Sisters Jennie Miller and Shickel, second-year Gujarati, 
and Bro. Blickenstaff, first-year Gujarati. 

The little school for missionaries' children was continued under the writer's 
direction throughout the year, except March, April, and May. Up to March there were 
eight children in school. We closed then for the mission conference and vacation 
at the hills. From about June 1 the Wagoner girls were given daily lessons, then, 
shortly after the middle of June, Beryl and Vila Butterbaugh joined our number. The 
first week in December, the Blickenstaff boys joined our number, even though they 
had been in school nearly nine months at the hills. Three hours in the forenoon and 
one in the afternoon were spent in this work. There were three grades representee}. 

With the help of a Bible woman, my time after school to evening dinner time was 
spent in evangelistic work. 

Bro. Blickenstaff's work is for all of us. He is kept busy much of the time with our 
financial reports. J?e alsp (Joes a great 4eal of mimeographing for us wfygrjSYCF $ 

170 The Missionary Visitor Jjg* 

number of copies of programs or reports are to be made. He has to make frequent 
trips to Bombay to sell our American dollars and arrange sailings for those going home 
on furlough. 

The borrowing of money seems to be an inborn trait of the Indian people. A 
trait of those who have the money to loan is the charging of a high rate of interest. 
I know of one man on the railway compound who is paying Rs. 25 per month for the 
use of Rs. 100, or in round numbers he is paying at the rate of 300 per cent per year 
for the use of his money. 

In order to loan money to our Christian people at a lower rate of interest, a co- 
operative bank was established last year at Bulsar. Bro. Blickenstaff is secretary of 
the bank. It is chartered under government supervision, and besides the money given 
by the mission (which is largely what has been given back from a loan made by the 
mission a number of years ago during famine in Raj Pipla State) the government also 
loans money, being a certain number of times as much as the mission puts in. Some 
residents of Bulsar are also stockholders, one share being Rs. 10. 

Each month we have a common prayer list sent to all the stations by a member of 
the Publishing Committee. All the matters for praise and prayer that are of common 
interest are sent to Sister Shumaker, who combines them into one ; then Bro. Blicken- 
staff makes copies for all the stations. We find them very helpful in uniting our prayers. 

A number of books were left by Sister Quinter, and last year, by the help of Broth- 
er and Sister Moomaw, of Roanoke, Va., we were able to establish a library for the 
missionaries. There was one bookcase with Sister Quinter's books and another was 
purchased. The money given by Bro. Moomaw's is being used as an endowment, the in- 
terest of which will be used in the purchase of books from year to year. 

In this we have tried to give you a glimpse into the inner workings of our mis- 
sion that could not be mentioned by the station reports. 

Jalalpur Station 

D. L. Forney 
Village Schools 

IN Jalalpur district are fifteen schools in which the common branches are taught 
according to government standards. If the school is small the worker himself will be 
out in the villages in evangelistic work while his wife does the teaching. Even in the 
larger schools the teacher, if vigilant, uses his opportunity outside of school hours 
to mingle with the people and tell the story of love. At Bhat, especially, this has been 
the case. The teacher, Damodar, has been very faithful in mingling with the people, 
and many come to his house to talk a few minutes or an hour as the case may be. 
In the past few years the first fruits have been gathered at Bhat as a result of twenty 
years of sowing. Several years ago we felt strongly inclined to close the school as 
no real fruit was apparent. But with long patience and the Lord's blessing the harvest 
is being gathered. 

At Mahuri the results have been similar to those at Bhat, though the work has not 
been going so long. At the two places more than a score of souls have become 
Christians. We close the year with a smaller number of schools, since the lack of 
funds demanded that we reduce expenses, and so some that appeared unpromising 
were closed. But who can say that even these unpromising ones in time, under the 
blessing of the Lord, might not prove as fruitful as have Bhat and Mahuri? 

District Evangelism 

This work advanced encouragingly in Jalalpur district the past year. In all thirty- 
four have been baptized and as many more are applicants for baptism. During the 


The Missionary Visitor 


special evangelistic week nearly every worker was out with Gospels and tracts and 
many heard the message for the first time. This work when followed up is productive 
of good, but it is the steady year in and year out, twenty-four hours a day work that 

In Unai district, including Rancuva, Nathalal and Renchord have worked for 
about two years supervising the schools and doing evangelistic work. Results have 

Jalalpur Girls' Boarding School 

been encouraging. The year's work has been crowned with thirty-four baptisms. The 
village of Unai presents a most wonderful opportunity for evangelistic work, since 
many thousands of Hindus come annually to bathe in the hot sulphur springs at this 

Girls' Boarding 

The year opened with thirty-two girls in the boarding and closed with forty-two. 
The teaching staff was reorganized and Chagganlal Virchand, third-year trained, was 
placed in charge as head master, with his wife as assistant. Later on Kunkubai, the wife 
of our pastor, Govindji, was added, thus giving us two trained teachers for the school. 
The work of the school has met the approval of the government inspector and is now 
registered as a full primary school, thus giving us the six standards and a much 
larger grant from government. The girls are given regular lessons in sewing and 
hand work, and the older ones do much of the cooking and bread making; others 
carry water and do garden work, as well as many other kinds of work. 

The matron, who has had both Bible and nurse's training, has been very helpful 
in looking after the many needs of the boarding girls. During the year six of the 
girls were received by baptism and others await the rite. Occasionally the girls 
accompany some of the workers to the villages and sing as well as sell Gospels, and 
in this way give the message to others. 

Evangelistic Work Among Women 

During the past year we had only one Bible woman for evangelistic work 
in Jalalpur, but she has been faithful in going out among the women and children 
daily with her picture chart, accompanying it with a Bible story. The women are 
more interested and responsive than they were formerly. In the afternoons a Bible 
class is conducted for our Christian women who cannot read. There are six enrolled in 

172 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

the class, but not all can attend regularly. The women workers in the villages for the 
most part are the wives of the teachers and assist their husbands in teaching. This, 
with the household cares, is about all they can do, but by being sociable and helpful 
in times of sickness they are a great asset to the work. 


This report would be incomplete without some mention of the medical work. 
While there are a number of native doctors here, the fact that we keep ointments for 
various skin diseases that are so prevalent has become known far and wide. Hundreds 
come to our bungalow for these ointments, and with each box of ointment a tract is 
given, and by this means they may learn of the Great Physician. Many come a second 
time and ask for tracts. This, with the dispensing of medicines for the boarding and for 
the Christian community and looking after cases of illness, takes much of our time. 
We praise the Lord for daily strength and blessings in this great work. Pray for 
India's millions. 


Ella Ebbert 
Medical Work 

THE medical work at this station, in the absence of Dr. Nickey and Miss Blick- 
enstaff, has been carried on by Mrs. Alley, with the help of Mrs. Hollenberg 
for a short time. The work consisted largely of giving out medicines for itch 
and fever and the dressing of ulcers, abscesses, and various infections, some of which 
were very bad cases and required treatment daily for weeks. 

The missionaries of the station, as well as the people of the community, are 
anxiously awaiting the return of our doctor and nurse. 

Women's Work 

Miss Royer and her Bible woman spent the first few months of the year in the 
villages. The larger part of their time was confined to one of the more promising 
villages. Here they organized a class for girls. The girls in this particular village 
do not attend school with their brothers. They were taught Bible stories, reading, 
number work and sewing. This occupied the morning hours. Later in the day a 
Bible class, attended by the Christian master, a couple of Hindu masters and some 
of the more advanced boys in the school, was conducted. In the evening the lantern 
was used to show Bible pictures, the master explaining them and using one of them 
always as a basis for his talk. 

Miss Royer spent April and May at the hills and in June was transferred to Vada. 

Boarding Schools 

Until the first of July this year we had two boarding schools, one at Karadaho for 
the boys and one here at the station for the girls. When the boys' school opened at 
Palghar the boys of the fourth grade and above went there and the other ten came 

Our teaching staff consisted of three regular teachers and one part-time teacher 
who, with direction and help, was able to care for the sewing department. 

We carried five grades and the kindergarten throughout the year. 

Men's Evangelistic Work 

The men's evangelistic work has been carried on largely by the Christian school- 
teachers in the villages. They give daily religious instruction to their pupils, hold 


The Missionary Visitor 


night schools where older people learn of Christ, and on Sunday conduct Sunday- 
schools. Besides these there are many other opportunities for the consecrated worker 
to serve the people and win them for our Savior. 

Some of the older pupils are assistant teachers and continue to learn in the school. 
Other non-Christian young men are teaching small schools, for which they receive 
a small support so as to enable them to become free from the oppression of landlords 
and money lenders. They are near our Christian masters and are being taught to know 
and love him who frees from the oppression of sin. Several have expressed a desire 
for baptism, but we are giving them further instruction and encouraging them to 
bring their friends for teaching. These young men are our great hope, because when 
they are really won for Christ they will become leaders to bring their people to Christ. 

In the early part of the year and again in November and December considerable 

One of Our Village Schools 

time was spent touring in the district, making the villages where workers are located 
centers from which to work the surrounding villages. By means of song, Bible stories 
and pictures of the life of Christ the "Good News" was presented. In every place 
the people heard the message gladly. A preacher and a singer accompanied Bro. 
Alley on tours and at other times held meetings and did personal work among the 

In many ways the year closes with the work more encouraging than ever befor 
God will fulfill his promise! It cannot fail! 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dr. A. R. Cottrell 

EVERYONE is familiar with the saying that the extent of success of any great 
movement extended over a period of years is largely measured by the degree 
in which the children and young people are brought under its influence. It is 
just as true in India as elsewhere, that the older people resist change, especially a 
change of religion, hence our most permanent work and greatest hope is in those 
activities connected with the children and young people. With this in mind we will first 
mention the 

Children's Work 
which is one of the varied phases of mission work carried on at this station. This 
part of the work is the specialty of Sister Shumaker, whose enthusiasm for it is 
well known. Something more than half a mile from the mission grounds at Bulsar 
there is another small piece of mission ground near a small stream called the Wankee, 
a Gujarati word meaning crooked or winding. On this piece of ground, not far from 
this winding stream, has been erected a building. Most of you people would call it a 
shed, for it is built of corrugated galvanized sheet iron, and one whole side of it is open, 
like some of the cattle sheds in America. Well, we do not call it a shed, for it our 
combination schoolhouse and churchhouse for this part of the mission work. So 
now when we speak of Wankee work we mean the work carried on in this building, 
with its sheet-iron roof and dirt floor. Many children come to this place, for the work is 
growing steadily, especially among the indigenous class, who are known as the Kali 
Paraj people. On the first Sunday of 1923 there were 154 people present at the Sun- 
day service, while on the last Sunday of 1923 there were 450, and on Christmas day 
there were 572. The average attendance for the year was 182. 

These figures do not mean so very much to most of you, because you have no way 
of getting first-hand information as to the condition of these people, many of whom are 
practically in serfdom. They are not slaves in name, but in actual practice they come 
very near being so, chiefly from economic reasons. This statement does not apply to 
all classes, but is largely true of the laboring portion of the population. If you were to 

Wankee Day School 


The Missionary Visitor 


Wankee Volunteers 

come and work among them, only then could you realize the price that is being paid in 
prayers, struggles, tears, and efforts, that they may be gathered together for teaching 
and training. Most of those who come to the Wankee school are gathered from grass 
huts; some come willingly; many others only after much persuasion and repeated 
urgent invitations, emphasized by personal visits to their " homes. " But here they are, 
without a knowledge of Christ, the Savior, and we feel responsible for them until we 
have done all that can be done to make Christ known to them. 

The happy and encouraging feature in this work at the Wankee is the beautiful 
spirit manifested by those of our Indian Christians who have volunteered for this serv- 
ice, and who have entered into it so whole-heartedly. May God's blessing be upon them, 
and may he continue to use them to his glory! 

Another interesting feature in our work among the children was the keen interest 
they took in a contest arranged for the month of December. Three schools were con- 
cerned in this : the kindergarten and primary schools of the Christian children, which 
are on the main mission compounds, and the rather mixed class (as to age), of the 
Kali Paraj children in the Wankee school, half a mile away from the main compound. 
To each of these three schools was given an assortment of what is usually called "waste" 
or "surplus" material. This consisted chiefly of pieces of colored paper, pictures cut 
from magazines, etc. They were instructed to do all they could to utilize this waste 
material. They did very well, indeed, in creating out of it such things as paper chains, 
paper lanterns, balls, mottoes, festoons, picture frames (of paper), etc. With these 
things they decorated their schoolrooms for the Christmas season. How the teachers 
and the pupils worked! What a transformation in the appearance of the school rooms! 
Each one was busy working in order to have something to give for others. 

At last the time came when the work was finished and the exhibits were open for 
inspection. Three judges had been appointed, and these went from school to school, in- 
specting and comparing, trying to decide which school had made the best use of the 
materials given them. The contest was a close one, but the final decision was that the 
Kali Paraj children had won the first prize. However, in appreciation of the work done 
in the other two schools, they were presented with framed pictures of the "Hope of the 
World," which pictures now hang in the schoolrooms. 

176 The Missionary Visitor Jg" e 

Another interesting feature is our Little Band of Mission Workers, which meets 
weekly. In addition to this there have been special demonstration lessons, songs, drills, 
Bible instruction, sewing classes, etc., all the varied things that go with the training 
for service and the work among children, and in all these the children have responded 
beautifully, for which we are thankful. May it mean that many of these children, who 
are not Christians as yet — nor their parents — may enter into the kingdom of heaven. 

While we have our minds on schools and school work we will next consider the 
work of the 

Boarding School 

Most of these boys are either Christians or the children of Christians, and that they may 
be good Christians, and be able to give a reason for their Christianity after they leave 
the school, an extra endeavor has been made the past year to give them Bible instruc- 
tion. Bible study was a strong feature of the 1923 Bulsar Boarding School curriculum. 
Three teachers gave some of their time to this phase of the work. One class, with good 
results, was held among the high-school boys. Another class was that known as the 
Anglo-vernacular (a class which does work in both the English and Gujarati languages), 
while each of the higher grades had an hour a day for special Bible study outside of 
their regular school work. 

A large class of the Vernacular final-grade boys passed the April examination, and 
these are awaiting the opening of the new school in Anklesvar, where they will continue 
their work. 

The boys in the school were divided into four groups for the Sunday evening evan- 
gelistic work in the villages. These groups were in charge of Bro. Eby, Bro. Wagoner, 
and others. Good work was done and the boys were given some valuable training 
along the lines of evangelistic work. With but few exceptions their conduct was good 
on these occasions, and some leaders are being developed. 

The language of this part of India is Gujarati, but the ruling government of India 
is English, and every ambitious school boy is eager to have a knowledge of the English 
language, for the higher positions in the schools, the railways, and the government, 
are closed to those who do not know English. As a mission we are not at all eager to 
be teaching English, for nearly all of our evangelistic work must be done in the vernacu- 
lar language, but we must also give our leaders of the future an efficient training which 
shall be as complete as possible, so we do teach some English in the school. 

"All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy," so the saying goes, and therefore 
a few simple games are provided for their physical recreation. They have manifested 
a lively interest in this part of the day's program, which goes to provide strong bodies 
for the future. 

We do not believe in all theory and no practice, and so endeavor to have some 
classes in practical work, where the boys can put into use what they are being taught. 
This phase of the work is under the direction of Bro. Wagoner, who sees to it that 
various groups are given opportunities in the carpenter shop, weaving room, tailoring 
department, garden, etc. 

In the carpentering division there were some twenty boys, who gave two hours a 
day to this phase of industrial training. Besides these twenty there were ten others 
who gave less time, and five others who were here for nine months awaiting the open- 
ing of the Anklesvar Arts School. This last group, and part of the second group, were 
working to earn their way, or part of it, and the items of furniture they made included 
chairs, tables, desks, boxes, Indian clubs, lap-boards, a dozen large wardrobes, etc. 

The work in the tailoring department was not all that was desired during a part 
of the year, because the teacher for that section was more interested in getting his own 
work done than he was in teaching the boys under him the ins and outs of the making 
of garments. This man was dismissed and another secured. Things are going better 
now, for this tailor seems interested in teaching the boys how to sew. You may wpnder, 

J^ e The Missionary Visitor 177 

some of you, why we teach boys how to sew. Well, in the first place, we have no girls 
in this school, and in the second place most of the sewing in India is done by men, 
anyway. Good tailors — we call them "derzies" — are always in demand, and we aim to 
make as many of these boys self-supporting as possible, so here is a line of work they 
will find very useful. In their class work they cut and sew the garments worn by them- 
selves and the other boys in the school; nothing elaborate or fanciful, but good, plain, 
practical work. 

There was one man working in what might be known as a blacksmith shop, that is, 
he was doing iron work; but this was not self-supporting, and as we are trying to do 
all we can to cut down the budget, this department was closed and the worker trans- 

For generations there has been more or less of weaving done in some classes of 
Indian homes. They weave such things as towels, bed tapes, and the coarser grades of 
cloth for dresses and clothing. The introduction of power machinery some years ago 
largely did away with this home industry, but some two or three years ago it was re- 
vived under the general impetus given to Indian industries by the "home rule" move- 
ment. This was an attempt to boycott foreign-made products and as much as pos- 
sible to use only Indian-made things. As long as there is no violation of principles, it is 
always well to utilize the enthusiasm of the people among whom you are working, so 
there was a small department opened to teach weaving. In this section one boy has 
been earning his way for the past six months. Something like six hundred yards of 
cloth has been made and this cloth in turn has been used by the boys in the tailoring 
shop in making the clothing for all the school-children here. 

In the garden work an effort was made to show the relation of water, manure, and 
cultivation to the production of vegetables, etc. The cabbages, onions, tomatoes, beans, 
egg plant, radishes, lettuce, etc., are used by the school and the missionaries. 

The primary purpose of every true missionary is to carry the Good News of salva- 
tion through the shed blood of Jesus, and no matter what line of work we are in we de- 
vote as much time as possible to what is usually called the 

Evangelistic Work 

By this term missionaries generally mean the direct preaching of the Word, through 
personal visits to the homes of the people, distribution of tracts and Gospels by sale 
and gift, the holding of meetings, where songs are sung and explained, pictures shown, 
charts by day and stereopticon lantern slides by night, thus bringing the gospel message 
to all who will hear or see. 

The major part of the direct evangelistic-preaching-meetings work has been under 
the guidance of Bro. Eby, ably assisted by Bro. Wagoner and Bro. Hoffert, and others, 
as opportunity offered. The thing of special note in the past year's work, says Bro. 
Eby, is the marked change in the attitude of the people toward the gospel message. 
Our older and more experienced workers note this change with great satisfaction. 
Where, even a few years ago, they would have received stones, they now get a respect- 
ful hearing. This has been the cause of encouragement. This year more work than ever 
has been done along evangelistic lines, both in and around Bulsar and out in the district. 
During the greater part of the year personal evangelism was done by experienced 
workers in connection with the dispensary and hospital. This part of the work de- 
mands careful preparation and an earnest worker, as here the evangelist must meet 
all classes and all castes, rich, poor, learned and ignorant. 

The stereopticon lantern has been a very useful part of the equipment in the evan- 
gelistic meetings. Old men of the jungle have been known to groan as they looked upon 
the scene of the crucifixion and heard the preacher explain its meaning. Nothing seems 
more impressive to the Hindu than the story of the death of Jesus. There is a point 
of contact with them along this line in the imprisonment of their present national hero, 
Mr. Gandhi, upon whom they look as suffering vicariously for them in a political sense. 

178 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

In a religious sense, much more real and vital, Jesus has suffered unto the death for 

Bro. Wagoner reports that, together with Bro. Hoffert, their groups conducted 
meetings in twenty-three different villages in and around Bulsar. There was an average 
attendance of from seventy-five to more than two hundred at each of these meetings. 
The attention was splendid and there were both Hindus and Mohammedans present. 
More than a thousand tracts were distributed, several hundred of them being sold. 
There is every reason to feel encouraged in this most vital part of our mission work. 


You have prohibition in America ; we have it here in a few sections of the country, 
but the most of India is "wet." It is Bro. Hoffert's particular work at present to help 
create sentiment towards abolishing liquor in this part of India. Along this line he 
he says that, with regard to our own mission area, the most important development 
during the past year in the promotion of the temperance cause was the decision to 
secure a magic lantern for each station, and combine the temperance message with the 
gospel message, rather than giving each separately. This means that not only will 
more temperance work be done than could have been accomplished by one man, going 
from station to station, but it also means that more evangelistic work will be done. 
Commendable progress has been made in securing lanterns and suitable sets of slides. 
For the most part these lanterns are being operated by our Indian leaders, and thus the 
work can go forward for some eight or nine months each year. Why not for twelve 
months a year? Chiefly because during the monsoon, or rainy season, most of the 
village roads are either non-existent or next to impassable because of mud and water 

Earlier in the work it was thought that the cause could be advanced by the organiza- 
tion of temperance societies in the villages, but this has not proved a success at the 
present time. As the work grows older this part of it will, no doubt, be taken up again. 
The distribution of suitable literature for the few who can read, and the use of the 
stereopticon for all who can see, are the most useful means of arousing sentiment favo- 
able to temperance in this section. 

During 1923 Bro. Hoffert had a full-time Indian assistant, and besides the work done 
in our own mission some help was given several of our neighboring missions. Surat 
and Godhra were among the places assisted in this way. Bro. Hoffert himself gave a 
small part of his time to the cause in places outside of our own mission, and in this 
work went to various stations in Southern, Central and Western India. One of the best 
Temperance Conferences of the year was the one held at Mahableshvar, a hill station 
near Bombay. Bro. J. I. Kaylor was a member of the program committee of this two- 
day conference, and helped make it a most successful one. Another side of the work 
was that of writing articles for publication, thus helping to spread the interests of the 
cause through the medium of the printed page. 

In the States the Sisters' Aid Societies are a very important part of your church 
organization. We do not have an exact counterpart of that society here in India, but 
we do have 

Women's Work 
and this part of the Bulsar station activities has been looked after by Sister Wagoner, 
assisted by Sisters Kintner and Shumaker. Sisters Wagoner and Kintner looked after 
the mothers and babies, while Sister Shumaker kept the other children busy and thus 
left the mothers free. There was an enrollment of sixty-four women, with an average 
attendance of from forty-five to fifty. Not so bad for an average, was it? The class 
meets each Wednesday afternoon for work and instruction. 

There is a very large railway community just across the road from the mission 
grounds, and Sister Kintner, with the help of a Bible woman, has conducted two classes 


The Missionary Visitor 


among these people each Sunday afternoon. On each week-day afternoon, except 
Wednesday and Saturday, classes have been held among the women and children, be- 
sides making many visits in the homes of the people. 

Children from the Widows' Home, Grouped Around Elizabeth Kintner. 

Get Acquainted With Them 

They Are Not Afraid After We 

Widows' Home 

This has been in charge of Sister Kintner, who has conducted its affairs with her 
usual good judgment and efficiency. At the beginning of the year there were five 
inmates. In March one woman went to Jalalpur. In April another one was married. 
In July a young married girl, whose husband had deserted her, came with her five 
months' old baby and seven-year-old brother, asking for shelter and protection in the 
Home. When she came she was not a Christian, but now is asking to be baptized, and 
thus they are being added to the kingdom. In October a woman from Vyara, whose 
husband had deserted her, was admitted. In November one more was admitted. There 
were no deaths during the year in the Home. 

The Medical Work 

1923 was the heaviest year that the Bulsar medical work has had thus far. Fortu- 
nately Drs. Cottrell were fresh from their furlough in the States, and so were able to 
look after the work without undue fatigue. While in the homeland they had the priv- 
ilege of taking some review courses in the New York Post Graduate Hospital, and on 
their way back to India took a special course in tropical diseases in the London School 
of Tropical Medicine. They find these courses of great help as they return to their 
duties here, particularly the course in the London School. 

Sister Mohler, who had charge of the nursing side of the medical work at Bulsar, 
left for her furlough in the States in July. Her place has been taken temporarily by 
Sister Blickenstaff, of Dahanu. We wish to record our appreciation of the efficient 
services so willingly rendered by both of these capable nurses. A good nurse is a great 
help to any doctor anywhere, but particularly so on the mission field, where trained 
help is so scarce. The work needs more of such. 

180 The Missionary Visitor J™J 

In the absence of Dr. Nickey, on furlough, the work here was increased. If you 
will reread the article, "Medical Work in India," as given on page ten of the January 
number of the Missionary Visitor, you will understand better what it means to have 
only one doctor on the field. We are glad that Dr. Nickey has returned. 

With a few exceptions, the general health of the missionaries was good during 1923. 
Nov. 24 Alfred Eugene was born to Brother and Sister Hollenberg. 

The following brief summary of the year's work in the dispensary will help give 
you some idea of the number who come and go, seeking for relief from physical ail- 
ments : 

Men Women Total 

New cases, 3,537 4,085 7,622 

Repeated calls, 7,753 7,687 15,440 

Total calls, 11,290 11,772 23,062 

Average attendance per day, 75 

Patients who stayed in the hospital, men, 110 

Children and women, 197 

Total, hospital patients, 307 

Number of obstetrical cases, 49 

Total cash receipts from patients, rupees 23,080-7-0 (equivalent to more than $7,000). 

Doctors are of course expected to do what they can to heal the physical ailments 
of those who seek their help, but the missionary doctor is privileged also to help heal 
the ills of the spirit. The true medical missionary is not one whose primary, or chief, 
aim is the doctoring of missionaries, but one whose primary purpose is making known 
the Good News of the Gospel, that there is a way of escape from the power of sin, that 
there is One who has brought salvation for ALL. The medical missionary, by a kindly, 
intelligent interest, and efficient service, in dealing with those who come for physical 
help, thereby opens wide the door of thankfulness. In appreciation for the help they 
have received most patients will listen to the gospel message, if it is intelligently pre- 
sented. In this way many are won who otherwise would have resisted all other efforts 
to win them to another religion. 

The following incident is an illustration of how the medical work helps win souls 
for Christ! One day some women from a village many miles away came to the Bulsar 
Dispensary. They seemed very friendly for newcomers, for generally women are rather 
shy the first time they come. Their names were entered on the register as patients; 
they were examined and given the medicines and treatments they needed. By this time 
they had satisfied themselves that what they had heard about the work was true, and 
then they asked if the doctors remembered a certain woman coming from a village 
whose name they gave. They said she had been a patient in the mission hospital several 
years before. After the case was recalled they went on to say: 

"When she left our village that time she was so sick we all thought she would die. 
But she came to you and was cured. She is now well and strong. She sends her greet- 
ings to all in the hospital. 

"We know she was cured by the true God. Because she came and got well, others 
have come from our village, and now we have come. She is a Christian now because of 
what you did for her, and we too are going to be baptized." 

And so the good work goes on, and may many more know of the Great Physician, 
who heals body, mind and spirit. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sara G. Replogle 
Mission Staff 

THE Mission staff was somewhat transient. At the beginning of the year it 
consisted of Brother and Sister Blough and Sisters Grisso and Replogle. Owing 
to ill health Sister Grisso was away from the station for about two months 
and Sister Replogle for three months. The latter also spent four months at Umalla. 

In March we had the privilege of welcoming to th» station Brother and S;ster 
Moomaw and in November Brother and Sister B. M. Mow and Sister Anetta Mow, 
who returned from furlough. The Moomaws and Mows are making splendid progress 
in their language study. 


This shows the need of a church at Vyara. The "outside part" was put up 4 
to accommodate District Meeting in February, 1923 


To be permitted to work in the largest congregation in the Brotherhood is a great 
privilege, and with it comes a great responsibility. During the year there were fifty- 
five baptisms, which made a total membership of twelve hundred and two. These 
members are scattered in one hundred villages, and it is most difficult to keep in 
touch with them. Most of the number are illiterate, and the larger per cent of them 
are men. In only one-fourth of the villages are regular services held for the Christians. 
This means that those in the other villages do not have the privilege of attending serv- 
ices regularly. Occasionally love feasts are held in the villages. Four such were held 
during the year and two were held at the station. All large gatherings, such as love feasts 
and special programs, must be held out of doors because we have no room large enough 
to accommodate the people. There is a great need for a churchho.use, and we hope that 
it will not be long until we will have a suitable building. The church here has expressed 
its willingness to do what is possible in helping to build a house of worship. 

The devi (goddess) movement, which swept the country about a year ago, drew 
some of our Christians away, but nearly all have seen their mistake and have forsaken 

The District Meeting, which was held here during the latter part of February 
and beginning of March, was considered the best that was ever held. 

During November a ten days' Bible Institute was held for the workers. Bro. Blough 
and two of our Indian ministers were instructors. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Panch 

In order to help build up the Christian communities in our villages the church 
has instituted the "panch" system, which means the appointment of five of the best 
Christian men in a village to help the teacher there and be responsible for 
the work of the church. In one village these men have been appointed and in others 
they will soon be appointed. These may become deacons later on as they learn and 
become worthy. 


The Sunday-school at the station has been kept up regularly with an average 
attendance of two hundred and fifty. In the primary classes the graded series of 
lessons put out by the India Sunday-School Union were used, while in the other classes 
the International Lesson Course was followed. A teachers' meeting was held regularly. 
Beside the Sunday-school at the station there were twenty-four village Sunday-schools. 

Evangelistic Work 

Vyara district is very large, and our force of workers small, so that there are 
still almost four hundred villages that have not been evangelized. What an oppor- 
tunity for the Indian church ! Pray that she may grasp it. In twenty-four villages 
there are teachers who have small schools an i in addition look after the Christians 
and teach applicants for baptism. The wives of the teachers work amjng the worn n. 

During our special evangelistic week there were forty-five volunteer workers, for 
which we praise the Lord. During the winter months Brother and Sister Blough 
toured in the villages. An Indian brother also toured in the villages in the interests 
of the temperance work. The children's missioner of Gujarat spent a month in the 
villages with a lantern preaching Christ. These meetings were well attended and 
good interest manifested. 

Following the devi (goddess) movement a great temperance wave swept over the 
district, and owing to the fact that some agitators took advantage of the liberties 
that were given in behalf of the temperance movement a law was passed in November, 
prohibiting the holding of any meetings among the Kaliparaj people (aboriginal tribes) 
for a period of six months. This interfered somewhat with touring in the district, 
but we praise the Lord that the law was repealed a few months after its passage. 


These things were made by the Boarding School boys and girls and given out to the 

village children, Vyara 


The Missionary Visitor 


Boarding and village children, Vyara, 1923. The kites were made by the Boarding School boys 

Boys' Boarding 

The average attendance for the year was one hundred and thirty-three, and the 
average cost per pupil was $33. During the year a few of the boys left school to return 
to their homes for farming. Four married and there was one death. All the boys 
attend school a half day and work the other half. The different industries carried on 
are carpentry, farming and gardening. All the larger boys spend part of each day in 
these various lines of work. Two carpenters were married, and when our building 
work stopped it became necessary for them to seek employment outside of the mission. 
They are now working in Yyara town. 

Girls' Boarding 

At the beginning of the year the goddess movement was still in progress in the 
villages, but we praise the Lord that our schools were little affected by it. 

Owing to the lack of room not much effort was made to increase the enrollment. 
The average attendance in the school was eighty-five. We had hoped to enlarge our 
buildings, but owing to the scarcity of funds only a dining room and office were built. 

Six of the girls having completed the fifth standard were sent to Anklesvar. 

The health of the girls for the most part was good and there were no deaths. 

During the Christmas vacation twenty-five of the older girls were taken to a town 
by the sea, where a week was spent in a pleasant and we trust profitable way. 

Higher Education 

During the year seven of our former boarding boys attended Government Training 
College, while twelve others taught in our village schools. This year marked the 
beginning of our sending girls to training college, as two were sent. This shows that 
the children of these backward classes can learn and be useful when given a chance. 


The White Gift Christmas was observed for the first time, and all entered into the 
spirit of giving. The boarding-school children made gifts for the village school children, 
and the other folks gave grain, money, and so forth. The offering amounted to almost 
one hundred and fifty rupees. 

May God help us all to consecrate our lives more fully to the cause for which 
Christ gave his life ! 

184 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Report From Ahwa 

C. G. Shull 
The Force of Workers 

FOR several years Brother and Sister Adam Ebey were alone at Ahwa. On Jan. 5, 
1923, the writer and his family came to help in the development of the work. We 
were eager to enter on the work and its rapid development had made the duties 
very heavy for Brother and .Sister Ebey. But during the first months of the year we 
were greatly hindered in our services. The first month our baby, Lorita, was seriously 
ill with acute indigestion, and finally, on Feb. 5, just one month after arriving at Ahwa, 
we left for Bulsar. I returned for a couple of weeks preceding our March committee 
meeting, but Sister Shull could not be back for the work until the close of the hot 
season, which we spent at Landour. Meanwhile Bro. Ebey's continued faithfully to 
care for the work. 

The monsoon season found us all at the station. However, the many heavy duties, 
with little opportunities for relaxation, impaired the health of Bro. Ebey, and in 
November our doctors advised an immediate six weeks of rest for him. And so the 
last month of the year found the Ebeys at Anklesvar for vacation and rest. 

The Health of Our Christian Community 

The first part of the year, likewise, brought much sickness in our Christian com- 
munity. In December, 1922, the wife of our pastor, a woman loved and respected 
by all, was called home. This was the beginning of the visit of the death angel. In 
January the wife of one of our boarding masters died, and this was followed two months 
later by the death of the wife of our head master. Later in the year one of the village 
masters lost his companion. She left four children, the youngest a babe. 

Several deaths also occurred among our indigenous Christians. Among them was 
one of our great-grandmothers. For a long time she resisted the grace of God, but 
about two and one-half years before her death she accepted Christ as her Savior. 

A mild form of influenza was present during the hot season, but we are glad to 
report that the latter half of the year the health conditions were much better. Septem- 
ber to December often brings considerable malaria, colds and fever, but we have had 
little of it this year. Our head master, who is the superintendent of the Sunday-school, 
expressed himself concerning the health record: "In the first part of the year we cried 
unto God, but he did not hear us. Now he is hearing our petitions." 

Building Work 

During the building season of 1923 the Girls' School Building and Hostel and two 
homes for workers were begun and completed. About Feb. 1 our mission builder, 
Bro. Lichty, came and spent about two weeks, assisting in getting the work well started. 
Most of Bro. Lichty's time during the short time he was here was given to getting the 
logs brought in from the forest. Bro. Lichty brought with him a force of good carpen- 
ters and four sawyers, all of whom staid faithfully by the work until it was completed. 

All the buildings were greatly needed. A school of ninety children hitherto had only 
one small room in which to gather. The girls' hostel accommodations were very in- 
adequate. We now have a good school-building nearly completed. 

July 15 there was held an opening service for the school-building. The Dangs 
diwan, the leading resident government official, gave a talk encouraging the parents 
to educate their children. 

The Boarding School 

During the year our boys' and girls' schools were really one under one head master. 
As yet it has not seemed advisable to divide the school, though we are looking for- 
ward to this in the near future. The average enrollment for the year has been about 

J«je The Missionary Visitor 185 

ninety. About half of this number are beginners below the first standard. The first 
standard class has 13, the second five, the third eight, the fourth nine and the fifth 
four. We also have one boy who finished fifth last year, who is assisting in teaching 
in the primary department. Next year we hope to have a class above the fifth standard, 
either of regular sixth-standard work or a combination of sixth-standard and normal 
training. We are eager for some of these boys to be ready for work in the District. 

During the month of November we secured the services of a trained carpenter, 
and we hope the next year will bring opportunities for many of our boys to receive 
industrial training. The government is eager for this work to be developed and has 
promised financial assistance. 

Our boys' hostel has twenty-eight and the girls' hostel four. The rest of the 
children live in their homes and receive a small amount of rice each month if they are 
regular in attendance. 

The Village Schools 

These are eleven in number, situated within a radius of twenty to twenty-five miles 
of Ahwa. The enrollment in these eleven schools is 226, and the average percentage 
of attendance has been good. At one of the villages a night school is conducted for 
illiterate men. Sunday-schools are held regularly, with offerings each Sunday. 

The Bible Women 

The wives of the village masters do special work among the women and girls. At 
Ahwa we have two women who engage in this work. One woman, who was baptized 
during the year, had previously lost her eleven-year-old daughter, from the effects of 
serious burns. At the time of this woman's baptism the Bible women went to the 
home to invite this mother to become a Christian. "Yes," she said, "I will come, for 
I want to meet my daughter in heaven." Hundreds of mothers are burying their children, 
with no knowledge of the heaven which Jesus is preparing for his loved ones. 

The Sunday-School and Church 

Our Sunday-school had an average attendance of 163, with total offerings of $53.67. 
Our primary and adult departments have their respective superintendents, and these 
meet separately for the opening exercises. The Indian Sunday-school Union has 
prepared a good course of lessons for use in the primary grades. An excellent song 
book, especially prepared for children, also helps greatly in this department. Sister 
Shull is the superintendent of the primary department. She conducts teachers' meetings 
each week, in which the teachers are helped in the preparation of the lesson stories. 
Suggestions are given as to the use of the sand table, object lessons, etc. 

Our possibilities in work among children are limited only by time and teachers. 
Others right at our door are accessible, but we simply have not had the teachers to 
provide for them. Week-day religious instruction is provided for our school-children 
and during the rainy season two of the missionaries assisted in this daily instruction. 

The Church 

During the year fifty-one were baptized. About half were children from the 
school, while the rest were for the most part parents of those in attendance. It was 
a joyous occasion when these fifty-one were numbered among God's people. It is 
true that the adults were mostly illiterate, both intellectually and spiritually. They 
are first-generation Christians, and are subject to many temptations because of the 
heathen environment about them. They are surrounded by those who worship idols 
and demons. They have now been baptized, but our next task is to teach them to 
observe all things whatsoever He has commanded. This is the harder task of the two, 
and for it we crave your prayers and assistance. The growth in numbers in the church 
at Ahwa has always been encouraging. It is our earnest desire that growth in grace 
will be equally apparent. 

186 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Umalla-Vali Station Report, 1923 

Nettie B. Summer 

Missionary Staff 

THE compounds at Umalla and Vali are considered as one station; hence one 
report for both places. There were several changes in the missionary force 
of workers. At the beginning of the year there were Brother and Sister Summer at 
Vali, Sisters Himmelsbaugh and Widdowson in charge at Umalla, Sister Ziegler also 
making her home there until she went on furlough in April. Sister Himmelsbaugh 
had to go to America in July for an operation on her foot. Then Sister Replogle 
came to assist at Umalla during the monsoon. In November she went back to her 
work at Vyara and Brother and Sister Summer were transferred to Umalla to have 
charge of the District Evangelistic Work. At the same time Brother and Sister Lichty 
were located at Vali for the Boarding School and Station Work. Thus with the increase 
in missionary force we hope to do more and better work for the coming year than was 
accomplished this year. 

Evangelistic Work Among Men and Women 

During January and February Brother and Sister Summer were touring in the 
villages. In the villages, where there is a Christian community, efforts were made 
to instruct the Christians and to lead them to higher ground. Leaving such places seemed 
like leaving old friends with a desire to go back often. At Undi five were baptized, 
ranging from youth to old age. An inspiring love feast was held there. The tent was 
next pitched at Andhra. There were no visible results, yet the people were open and 
friendly. At Amaletha a love feast was held and one young woman baptized. 

One feature of the touring season was the help of the Seventh Standard boys, 
whose singing added much to the interest of the meetings. The touring was cut short 
because of District Meeting, Mission Conference and the going of Brother and Sister 
Summer to the hills for vacation. Touring was begun again the latter part of December. 
In the meantime, as there was opportunity, the villages near by Vali were visited on 
Sunday evenings. During the hot season Brother Hoffert carried on his temperance 
work in the district. 

Another phase of the evangelistic work is the village schools, a great factor in 
the implanting of the Gospel in the hearts of the little ones. The village teacher is 
as a shepherd to the flock in his midst and a witness to the heathen about him. One 
master's little girl suddenly took sick and died. The beautiful way in which the 
parents bore it was a witness to the heathen neighbors, who beat their breasts and 
make loud ado. During the year there were seven such schools. Some of these get 
no farther than the alphabet, while others take the children to the Third and Fourth 
Standards ; then the children often came into the Vali or Ankleswer Boarding Schools. 
There were also five night schools in session. 

The work among the women was carried on at Vali by two women. One went to 
the Bhil section and taught women to mend, besides telling Bible stories. The other 
woman went to surrounding villages, doing personal work. The Christian women met 
once a week at the bungalow for sewing. Five of the masters' wives out in the villages 
were on work among the women of their vicinity. One woman worker died in August. 

Boys' Boarding School 

This is located at Vali. As yet there is no schoolhouse, and so school is held in 
the church and a near-by line. Four women and six men were on the teaching staff. 
In February six of the boys went to Bulsar for Seventh Standard work. In May nearly 
all the boys went home for vacation. When school reopened in June many new boys 
were added to the roll. One of these was Shunker, from a heathen home with a 


The Missionary Visitor 


drunken father. Several times the father came to take the boy home, but Shunker 
was determined to have an education and would not go with his father. He was 
eager to become a Christian and so was baptized. He is an example of one who may 
lead many of his people to the Christ. Pray for him. 

The average attendance was 150. The yearly examination took place Sept. 11. 
Eighty-five per cent passed with credit. The deputy inspector was very much pleased 
with the progress of the school. 

The industrial training is a big factor in the school life. Carpentry was dropped 
and all efforts were centered in the gardening and field work. After school hours, from 
3 to 6 P. M., groups of boys were seen here and there. As the result of good super- 
vision on the part of the housemaster many fine vegetables were raised in abundance. 
The work in the fields consisted mostly of weeding, driving the crows away, and 
cutting the grain. Besides this, the boys do their own washing, keep their rooms clean 
and prepare vegetables for cooking. They get their morning meal, while two women 
are employed for the other two meals. 

Farm Work 

There are about 160 acres of good land about Vali owned by the mission. Twenty- 
five acres of this was farmed by the mission. This work also was supervised by the 
housemaster. The crops brought forth manifold. The rest of the land was farmed 
by Christian men. The more thrifty ones made good. During the latter part of the year 
plans were made whereby the land can be sold to worthy Christian farmers, twenty- 
five acres to be retained bv the mission. 

A crop of Sunn Hemp grown on mission farm, 

Anklesvar. Even the girlies grow well in 


Church and Sunday-school 

On the whole the work this year was 
not different from that of other years. 
There was a great gain to the church 
when, Sept. 18, fifty of the schoolboys 
were baptized and received into the 
church. No special appeal had been made, 
but the Holy Spirit was at work. Each 
one was closely examined, and who could 
say "Nay"' to any of them? — so great was 
their childlike faith. 

Some of the masters made themselves 
responsible for Sunday-schools in near-by 
villages on Sunday afternoons. When 
the rains came on in July this was dis- 

Baby Home 

Sister Widdowson had charge of this 
very interesting work of caring for poor 
little motherless ones. Many come in a 
distressed condition, and for them life is 
a struggle, and the thread of life ofter 
breaks. A few arrive in good condition 
and get along well. In a home of 
this kind there are many changes in 
the course of a year. At the beginning 

188 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

of the year there were twenty-three children in the home. Thirteen were added, five 
were put in the boardings, four went back to their fathers and seven died. So at the 
end of the year there were twenty children. The older ones met with Sister Widdowson 
an hour a day for kindergarten work. 

Medical Work 

Sister Himmelsbaugh was in charge of the dispensary at Umalla until her return 
home. The work was opening up in a splendid way, many patients coming each day. 
There was no one to take her place, so the dispensary had to be closed and the mis- 
sionaries at Vali carried on the work as best they could in a small way. Difficult cases 
were sent to Bulsar. 

With the exception of the usual malaria and itch the health in the boarding was 
quite good. There was a slight epidemic of measles during the monsoon. 

The field is large, the work is great, the responsibility is heavy and we are weak. 
Pray for us all. And we shall march on to victory. 

Report From Palghar 

Bertha B. Butterbaugh 

PALGHAR is our newest station, having been opened in 1921 by Bro. Garner's. 
The soil is virgin and the work hard, but gradually the way is opening and 
prejudices are being broken dow T n. We came here in 1922 after returning from 
language study at the hills during the summer months. 

Boys' School 
A boys' school was opened for the first time in June, 1923. The attendance was 
twenty-five. Twenty of these were boarding-school boys. Some of these who w r ere 
in the upper standards were brought from Karadaho, near Dahanu, and some from 
Vada, the remainder of the pupils coming daily from homes about Palghar, or are 
children of our workers. Several young married Hindu boys, who had been in village 
schools about Dahanu, have been given living quarters on the compound and a number 
of the children are with them. These all seem happy and are promising prospects. 

Daily visits are made to the school to see that the boys' clothes are kept clean, 
mended and in order. 

Building Work 
The building in which the boys live is 32 x 105 and was constructed in 1923. 
A well was dug, but it was abandoned as no water came. 
One old building was repaired and made available for four families. 

Industrial Work 
There were twenty-eight sewing-class meetings held with the women on the 
compound. Twenty-three were held with village women in December. 

The boarding-school boys have prepared some new rice fields ready for planting. 
The final work of preparing the little patches is done after the monsoon rains begin. 

Our evangelist and his wife, who is a trained Bible woman, came to us in April, 
1923. Both have made friends in the Palghar territory. During a couple of the 
winter months we were all out in definite evangelistic work. The villages we were 
in had never been toured. We were pleasantly received, and we feel that the way is 
open for more definite teaching during the next touring season. In some of the villages 
they are calling for schools, but no teachers are available for them as yet. 

Bible Women's Work 
The wives of three Hindu boys, who are attending our boarding school, have 
been under daily Bible instruction by the wife of our evangelist. One woman has 
made especially good progress. Out in the villages, during the touring season, Bible 
stories were told and gospel hymns taught to groups of women and children. 

Jjjge The Missionary Visitor 189 

Vada Station Report, 1923 

J. I. Kaylor 

Building Operations 

THE building work that has taken so much time in past years was practically nil 
this year. During the first few days of the year the new bungalow was finished 
sufficiently for the ladies to move in. Painting and spouting yet remain to be 
done, when money for such work is available. A small three-room line for servants 
of this bungalow and compound was also built. More than this only general repairs 

were made ' Missionary Staff 

At the beginning of the year Bro. Hollenberg's were at Vada. Owing to health 
conditions they went to Poona and Mahableshwar for vacation, then back to Dahanu* 
Sister Kaylor was also in Poona and Mahableshwar from February to May for the 
study of the language. She was successful in passing the First Year's examination at 
the end of the session in May. Sister Verna Blickenstaff was with Sister Anna Brum- 
baugh until June, when she was needed in the Bulsar medical work. Sister Mary Royer 
then came to Vada to help in the work. 


Because of certain local conditions there has been very little work done among 
the women this year. One of our Christian women has gone among the women of 
Vada some, but not systematically or intensively. Owing to the position of women 
in this country it is next to impossible to accomplish anything with them if work has 
not been done among the men. 

Among men we have not done what we would desire. One of our Indian brethren, 
who has been our evangelist for some twelve years in this district, became blind last 
year, and had to be removed from the out-village into the station and relieved from 
active service. Our other evangelist, who has worked in Vada for six years, moved 
among the people, making friends and preaching to them. He was not afraid to talk 
religion. We were saddened near the end of the year to lose him by death. He held 
his faith to the last and his departure was very different from those having no hope 
beyond the grave. We have no one as yet for this needy place, and the work is 
suffering for the want of workers. 

Last February we had our annual Evangelistic Week. At this time we have all 
our church members leave their regular work as much as possible and get out among 
the people and preach. Each of two groups made a several days' tour from village to 
village, carrying the message to those who have not the privilege to hear otherwise. 
Other groups went to near-by villages and returned each evening. There is a "jatra," 
or religious fair, held each year at a holy place six miles east of Vada. It is on a 
river, as are most of the holy places in India. Largely there are two classes of people 
who attend these fairs. One, the merchant class, goes to get gain from his wares 
and so "fill the stomach"; the other for what he thinks is spiritual gain. Then there 
is a third class, comparatively very small, who knows that "an idol is nothing," and 
is there to give the real spiritual help by giving out the true Water of Life, of which 
if a man drinks he shall never thirst, These are the Christians and they carry their 
message in song, speech and the printed page. From Vada several of our teachers, 
preachers and boarding boys were the evangels. 

Our village schools are classed as evangelistic work. These schools give us the 
opportunity of getting better acquainted with the village people and to have an oppor- 
tunity to preach the Gospel to them. The teachers have their children come also on 
Sunday for a Bible story, and ofttimes get out to preach to the people. These schools, 
when used properly, are real evangelizing agencies. We now have but three schools. 
In March one of our teachers, who had a good school, took pneumonia and died before 

190 The Missionary Visitor J]™ e 

we could get to his village to help him. We had no one to take his place, so this 
school was closed. At another near-by village we started a young man to work, but 
he proved to be a thief— not among the people, but in our own bungalows— and is 
now serving his year in prison. Such are a few of our disappointments, and these 
prove to be much against our work, for the people will have no confidence in workers 
of this kind. But faithful workers accomplish much for their Lord and Master. 

There is an interest in temperance work shown among the people, and they 
eagerly accept literature on this subject. 

Boarding Schools 
In our Boys' School we have had from forty to fifty throughout the year. Some of 
these are local boys. This last June the mission opened a boarding school at our 
Palghar Station for boys above the third standard; so five of our Vada boys went 
to Palghar. The boys are taught according to the government curriculum. We also 
teach them to do all their own work — as washing, water carrying, wood-cutting, grind- 
ing their own grain, and field work in season. They planted and harvested a couple 
of acres of rice, and cut a couple of acres of grass for hay with their little sickles ; they 
also have a small garden this year. 

In the Rosa Kaylor Memorial Girls' School, of which Sister Anna Brumbaugh has 
charge, there have been from thirty to thirty-five girls. They are taught the regular 
studies and also to do all their own housework and cooking and a little gardening in 
season. Owing to scarcity of water, gardening can be done only a few months of the 

The health of all our children has been very good this past year. One little 
girl, who had been sick a long time, died at the close of the year. 

It is in these schools that our hope for our future work lies. So we are doing 
intensive work, by close supervision, for these children, so as to make the most out 
of them for our future workers and makers of Christian homes. 

Medical Work 
At Vada we have had a small mission dispensary for several years, but this year 
we had a chance to get an Indian doctor, so we tried him for a few months. By the 
end of the year, however, it was thought that the work done did not justify the amount 
of money spent for his wage, and he was let go. The missionary will continue to give 
out the simple remedies as the people come for them. A good, consecrated medical 
evangelist could do a great work by touring among the villages, where the people do 
not have access to medical help, at the same time giving them the healing message of life. 
Finally, brethren, pray for us. We have a great work — at least 40,000 people to 
evangelize, 150 children in our schools to be taught and trained for service of country 
and God, and the weak and faltering flock to be nourished and built up. 

Anklesvar Station Report, 1923 

Mrs. I. S. Long 


THIS year the health of the girls has been good. We now have segregation 
quarters for the sick, but they were occupied mostly by those with common 
skin diseases. 
There were no deaths this year. One girl, in a run-down condition, went home 
and stayed nearly four months, but returned near the close of the year. Some large 
girls enter school and often do well in their work. Some of these are promising girls. 
Sister Sadie Miller has charge of the hostel, in which there are 130 girls, and with 
the outside attendance there are more than 150 in the school. More and more we are 
giving them the chance of doing for themselves. Our girls do all the work in every 

-»™ 4 e The Missionary Visitor 191 

department of the hostel. With our encouragement they take much interest in gar- 
dening, repair work, whitewashing their own rooms and digging up and making solid 
floors. Cooking and grinding on the handmills is their daily task. 

The daily routine of the school and hostel is very interesting. Dr. Laura Cottrell 
has visited our school once this year to examine the girls. She found them in good 
condition, and we are trying to carry out her directions. We owe much to our doctors 
for their untiring efforts. It would be hard to get on without them. 

In July, when Sister Eliza Miller went home on furlough, Sister Shickel took over 
the educational work of the school. And though she was still studying the language, 
she carried the school through a successful year. Both Miss Shickel and Mrs. Arthur 
Miller took the second-year language examination in November and passed, so now 
they can direct their entire attention to the work which has been assigned them, and 
both are busily engaged. 

During the year three of our girls started in nurses' training at the Broach Hospital 
and they are doing creditable work. 

Evangelistic Work — Men's 

The first part of the year we (Brother and Sister Long), with Premchand Ganosh 
as chief speaker and Bro. Laxman Kevil as singer, toured as many towns and villages 
of the county as we had time for. During the latter part of the year Bro. Trikamlal 
Bhani was our chief speaker in this work. 

We endeavored to be of much aid to the teachers of the several schools and Sunday 
schools, encouraging and inspiring them to do their best. Also, by day, as we could, 
whether by small public meetings for Christians, or by visitation, we tried to encourage 
them to a more wide-awake life for Christ. At night, we usually had large public 
meetings for all classes. The speaking and singing, too, were usually good, and people 
listened well. The latter part of the year the lantern was used to good advantage, 
illustrating Bible truths and also showing the awful evils of drink. 

Music plays a great part in evangelistic work. Singing bands were revived during 
the year, and we had a contest at the main station to determine which band sings 
best. This was helpful and greatly enjoyed. Indian instruments are also used in 
connection with the singing. 

During the rains and for a short time after, we tried, in the monthly meetings, 
especially, to inspire the teachers with a sense of their opportunity and responsibility, 
showing them that it is up to them, seeing the Master has no others to rely upon in this 
county, to win these hosts to Jesus. 

Sometimes a feeling of hopelessness seems to settle down upon the teachers. You 
would not wonder at this, if you knew the facts. We are led to believe that greater 
faith and hopefulness fill the breasts of our teachers than before. If so, then there is 
great gain in the long run. It is hoped, too, that the schools, the night and day and 
Sunday-schools, are some better than hitherto. At any rate, the management did try 
to aid along these lines. We have a strong feeling that we must improve the quality 
of those called by His name, making them both more intelligent and dependable, 
before the unbelievers will make a rush into the Christian church. 

Evangelistic Work — Women's 

While touring several months of the year we tried to reach the women, but it 
seems a difficult job, as they are very ignorant and appear satisfied with their lot. 
We did not confine ourselves to the Bhils, but tried to visit in the homes and make 
friends of all classes, and we found a welcome, especially among the caste people. 

In December, in several villages, sewing classes were begun for women and girls, 
to teach them to make their own garments. We also had meetings for women alone, 
whenever we could get them together. Also, we always try to reach the children, and 
had some good meetings, with motion songs, pictures and stories. 

192 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Several Bible women are teaching the Word, reading, and sewing, to Bhil women, 
living near the bungalow. A night school for girls of the laboring class was kept for 
a part of the year. Medicines were supplied to folks who came for it, mostly Chris- 
tians from the villages. The women of the station held a weekly sewing society. 

Work in Near-by Villages 

During the year there were fifty baptisms in the district. Among these are some 
from a near-by hamlet, which is very promising. When we first went there we began 
working with a man who had once been a Christian but "had fallen away from the 
faith." The people were very warm toward us and at once were interested. They soon 
began to tell us about the man who had backslidden. No one looked up to him, but 
with rather a disdainful and unapproving spirit said, "As long as he had faith in 
Christ he was blessed and prospered, but since" he has forsaken the Lord he has not 
prospered and the blessings of God have not been on his house." They know how 
the Christian should be. Truly we are known and read of all men. But this back- 
slider is no more away from God, for he has repented, confessed his mistakes and now 
is the one worker among his own people, with an influence bringing them one by one 
for baptism. When he goes about his daily work he preaches Christ and is leading 
them in the way they should go. Thank the Lord for those who allow the sword of the 
Spirit to do its work. 


The missionaries at Anklesvar have been the same throughout the year. In July 
Sister Eliza Miller went home on furlough, and in November Brother and Sister Lichty 
went to Vali to live. Otherwise the staff has remained the same. 

Bro. Long went to Moga early in November to study with Mr. McKee, who :s 
using the project method in his school work. Mrs. Long joined him after the Mission 
Conference in November. 

Three Things a New Missionary Sees 

I. W. Moomaw 

IT would be difficult indeed to mention all that enters a new missionary's experience 
during his early years of service in India. But there are a few things so outstand- 
ing as to be common in the experience of most of us. 

Size and Nature of the Harvest 

One of the first impressions one receives pertains to the size and nature of the 
harvest. We may charge our imagination with the pangs of hunger and fear, the 
travail of a soul longing to be reborn, or with compassion for sheep "scattered with- 
out a shepherd," but the undercurrents of India's bare need are deeper even than that. 
In traveling from a port city to one of our mission stations enough distress may be 
seen almost to break a man's heart. No verbal appeal can truly represent the call 
of distress from a people wandering without God. 

Men of a generation or more of experience in India missions are agreed on two 
points at least. First, that the harvest was never so urgent as now, and second, that 
delay and retrenchment were never tolerated at such great loss to the kingdom of God. 
But what is a "white harvest"? Is it all straight grain, ready to fall upon the platform 
of the reaper and be bound into sheaves? Is it a waiting list of men, each ready to rush 
into the first door that the mission may open? Perhaps the heaviest grain harvest 
that you can remember was badly lodged. The grain-laden stalks lay tangled and 
matted upon the ground. But the grain was all there. To get it, though, you needed 
to untangle the stalks, stretch them up carefully and lean them toward the reaper. 
In the same way, by reason of the very bigness of India's harvest, the missionary's 
task is not that of harvesting light and straight grain. It is like that of the harvester, 

j™ e The Missionary Visitor 193 

to untangle and lift up, man by man, so that they may turn toward the Lord of the 
harvest. The new misssionary usually finds a harvest broader and deeper and more 
urgent than he had even expected to find. 

Certain Race Qualities 

There are certain race qualities quite peculiar to the Indian people. Among the 
first of these to grip a new missionary's attention is that of heart hunger. The very 
countenance of entire rural communities bears the impression of something missed; 
of something longed for but not received. Their finest sensibilities have not yet been 
satisfied. Where fear and prejudice have been overcome the people will attend with 
eagerness to a Christian message, because it touches a part of their nature which is 
still void. This is best illustrated thus : At a recent District Conference a large 
group of farmers were in attendance at an evening session. They had worked until 
late and it was nearly nine o'clock when they arrived. At the close of the sermon a 
song service was announced. The men stayed and received this with interests Finally 
one of our Indian men began to preach. The men remained and listened attentively 
to this second sermon until far into the night. 

One of our senior missionaries tells of his experience in a remote rural com- 
munity. Four years ago the fear and prejudice of the people prevented him from 
speaking openly for Christ there. At the mention of His name many would begin 
to hiss and leave the meeting. But a district school continued there and a lot of 
teaching was done. This winter, after four years, he returned to hold evangelistic 
services. To his joy the fear and prejudice had largely disappeared and he could 
preach Christ to them with complete abandon. 

The work of evangelism is long and tedious, but the heart hunger which follows 
when fear and prejudice are broken down is most hopeful. 

Then, too, one sees the quality of reverence. Part of this is inherent as a race 
quality, while the remaining part has been instilled by long years of Christian teach- 
ing. One observes among children a splendid reverence for parents and elders. Special 
pronouns are used to show respect for those of superior experience and age. There is 
also a reverence for things sacred. This was evident at the very first Indian service 
we attended. Besides adults, about 225 young folks entered the litttle church and sat 
with bowed heads awaiting the opening of the service. After the benediction they 
walked out quietly. Scarcely a whisper was heard as they entered and left the church. 
This, in spite of the fact that Indian young folks thoroughly enjoy a good time. Of 
course such a condition does not just happen. It represents a lot of tireless teaching 
on the part of those who have labored here for years. 

Christianity at Work 

Finally one sees the overcoming power of Christianity at work changing lives. 
This shows itself in the home life, thriftiness, and general refinement of those who 
have been Christians for several years. At once the big question in one's mind is, What 
can Jesus Christ do for an illiterate man of low caste in poverty too deep to describe? 
I have in mind now an old man here who is typical of many who have never had 
school opportunities. He has endured all the hardships of an Indian farmer, and they 
are not a few. His home life has been fraught with disappointment and grief. He is 
a man of prayer, nevertheless, and his simple, vigorous faith has been an inspiration to 
many of us. One may readily see that he bears in his body many marks of the Lord 
Jesus. In his personal habits he bears much of the refinement of a Christian gentle- 
man. Of course, not all attain this degree of Christian experience. It is a great joy, 
though, to see Christ at work here and to observe the difference between Christian 
and non-Christian people of the same caste. 

After a brief contact with the Indian people the urge of one's work is not so 
much that of pity for a depressed people. It is rather that of love for a race of 
men and women who are worth saving for the kingdom of God. 

194 The Missionary Visitor J^ e 

Village Evangelistic Work Among Women 

Nettie M. Senger 

SINCE returning to the work here last fall I have spent most of the time in the 
country. I made a visit to all the largest outstations and started classes in 
different places; also spent some time visiting hospital patients who had returned 
to their villages. We now have had two classes and found them both very different 
and very interesting. The class at Ho Shen had only two regular students among 
the women. Both worked diligently and gained a great deal. They almost finished 
the phonetic script and learned a number of songs. We gave a regular lecture 
course of ten lectures on "Woman and the Home." It was very much appreciated, 
and a discussion always followed each lecture, which showed their interest. We 
gave two lectures of this course at the temple, where over twenty young women had 
gathered at the official's request to learn to spin and weave. They made an interesting 
and open-hearted audience and seemed eager to learn. While this class was in 
session we found time to visit four villages in the vicinity. 

MaTien, where the other class convened, is one day and a half by donkey east 
and south of Liao, in the persimmon and English walnut district. We had an 
enrollment there of over twenty girls and women, but the faithful daily students 
numbered less. The oldest one, Mrs. Liu, a woman of fifty-nine years, walked from a 
village three miles distant, accompanied by her son, who carried her bedding and food 
and was with us through the class. She is earnest in her desire to be a Christian, 
and has gotten the most of her teaching from her son, who is a reformed opium 
eater. Miss Miller started her in the phonetic script last year, and with that start 
she was able to finish in this class. She also learned a number of Christian hymns 
and attended the daily evening meetings, getting much inspiration from them. The 
MaTien church is in its infancy, and all its members are in the first thrills of a new joy 
in Christ. They are very enthusiastic witnessing for their Savior, and by their request 

A Group of Village Christians 

J«gj The Missionary Visitor 195 

the evangelist is holding these daily meetings. The converted men are praying for 
their women, as well as for themselves, which to me is very encouraging. 

While visiting in one of the homes the child over a year old was told to show me 
how he prayed, as he had seen his father pray. With no hesitation he went to the 
place where a small mat was spread on the brick floor for kneeling in prayer. He 
knelt, bowed his head, closed his eyes, and stayed there awhile. The only thing he 
said that we understood was "Halleluiah." This child is getting impressions in his 
early years that he will not easily lose. This showed to me that prayer is not uncommon 
in the home, else the child would not know how to imitate so well. 

This young church has elected leaders to attend to any local matters, and they 
are functioning as an organization. They requested me to lead the evening meetings 
for a week. With great reluctance I accepted, for it is not common in China for a 
woman to lead a meeting when a majority of the audience is men, but the leaders of 
the church, who are the leaders in the village, had asked it and I could not refuse. 
We prayed much and the audiences grew every day, both men and women. The men 
in the homes prayed for the women and urged them to come to me and learn. In 
China the wife cannot make up her own mind in such things. If her husband does 
not wish it she may not have a chance to learn, no matter how capable she is or how 
badly she wishes it. The government Girls' School dismissed two days, and the 
teacher sent the pupils to me to learn something of Christ. During these two weeks 
a number of paper gods were taken down and burned. The last day of the class all 
the women from the Christian homes were invited to a feast with me, after which 
we went to the chapel for a special women's meeting. The house was crowded. 
The meeting was opened by the evangelist, for I had led meetings and led singing 
until I was too hoarse to speak in public. The speakers were three local men, one from 
each of the rich homes there, and the teacher of the government Boys' School. 
They spoke well, and the women were very much interested, because it was their 
local dialect and easily understood. After the meeting I presented Mrs. Liu her cer- 
tificate for finishing phonetic script, and said a few words about her faithfulness in 
reading until she had finished and the value it would be to her. The evangelist 
followed with a few words of advice urging the women to read. 

This new church is planning my next class as to time of year and length of class. 
I am glad to see them begin to show signs of life in the church, and will be glad to 
go at their invitation. Requests are beginning to come like this. I had to change my 
plans for the month of March to answer an invitation to come to another place 
for a short class. This is far better than for me to plan my own itinerary. The work 
is pushing hard and it will be difficult to get to all the places in one year that I should. 
But I am so glad for these requests that I shall put forth every effort to meet them 
all. Pray for me and the Chinese teachers who go with me, that we may know 
how to direct growing life into the love and character of Jesus, for prayers are being 
answered and people are beginning to live in Jesus Christ. Pray that more Chinese 
women may be willing to do this kind of work for their Master. It is full of hardships 
and lack of conveniences, and most of the educated Chinese women will not do it. 
Our devotions in the classes are all directed to center around one head, "Love and 
Service." They are led by the Chinese teacher and are appreciated. We believe 
that when they know love as Jesus lived and taught it, and know service as Jesus 
served man, they will have the essence of Christianity. 

The hope of China is in her villages. And the kind of homes there are in these 
villages will be determined by the kind of women there are. Pray for the village 
women. There can be no victory apart from Christ, and in Christ victory is sure. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Women's Industrial Work 

Minnie F. Bright 

OUR women's industrial work has never been reported with other yearly reports, 
but we feel it is worthy of mention. Perhaps it is because it has always been 
self-supporting and never required any sort of budget from the board. 

This- phase of work has been going on for some five or six years, very small in 
the beginning, with only a few women doing work, but gradually growing in quantity 
and quality. We have been developing it, and especially the past two years no small 
amount of time has been given to it by Mrs. Crumpacker and myself, doing the work 
jointly. Some twenty-five or more women are working in the department, and all 
are exceedingly poor. A number of widows in the lot support themselves as well 
as their children entirely by the needle. 

These women are not the "beggar" type, except for work to earn money. They 
want to live honorably, and some of them are made of the best qualities to be found 
anywhere, and are "jewels." Their work is entirely needlework of various kinds. 
Through kind and sympathetic friends in China and in the homeland we have been 
able to sell their product and with a small profit keep the work going continually. 
The Lord has wonderfully blest this endeavor and made it increase in a marvelous 
way. We have labored hard to have them do fine and clean needlework, and in 
spite of their dark and dingy homes they do astonishingly well. In fact, their beautiful 
work and lovely designs have won an envious reputation in North China. 

We could increase the number of women to a much larger number, as more are 
constantly begging for work, but with other pressing duties to do, and having in this 
no assistance, we cannot well add to the number already employed. 

During sickness or confinement a number of our women have had the advantage 
of the hospital with a clean, comfortable bed, where they could rest their weary bodies 
for a period of time, while the industrial fund met the expense. This was greatly 

A Group of Women Doing Industrial Work 

J ™ 4 e The Missionary Visitor 197 

appreciated by them. Then almost all of them have been attending the Women's Bible 
School a part of each day, and all have learned to read. It is most encouraging, the 
progress some of them have made and how they plod and toil along both for their 
intellects and bodies. It is very touching, indeed. But how happy they are to learn 
to read, and some of them to write ! A wonderful change is coming into their lives 
through these contacts, and they are learning of that LOVE which came into the 
world to lift them up. Their hearts are responding to the knowledge of their Lord. 

It would scarcely be fair to this report if I did not mention the fact that during 
the famine year, through some funds which the Red Cross gave us, together with a 
few gifts from friends, we were enabled to employ a much larger number of women. 
We bought materials and started them on needlework. This was sold at a fair profit, 
which put the present work on a good, substantial basis. It is a most worthy phase of 
work and keeps starvation a little farther away from the doors of these poor mothers 
and children. 

Daily Vacation Bible School Work 

Six daily vacation Bible schools were held for women and girls. The sessions were 
of five to six weeks' duration — five were in surrounding villages and one in the city. 

Owing to the great illiteracy among women and girls, much attention must be 
given to teaching reading. Arithmetic, hygiene, sewing and crocheting also are 
taught. However, the greatest emphasis is placed on Bible teaching. Old Testament 
stories, a biographical sketch of Jesus, the ten commandments, two or three hymns and 
a simple prayer are taught. One is surprised at the number of stories some of these 
children can tell at the end of the session. Each day an hour is spent in physical 
culture or in playing games. 

The village that has the school provides the place, textbooks and everything but 
the teacher's salary and transportation. 

The teaching is done largely by the girls from our girls' school. Two go together 
to one village and an older woman accompanies them. In a few instances the women 
used the opportunity to teach the village women and to help in Sunday services, but 
some of the women were too illiterate to do anything but chaperon the girls. 

In addition to being a wonderful help to the people locally, these schools have 
been instrumental in persuading girls to come to our school at Pingting. Women also 
have been persuaded to come to our Bible School. 

We appreciate very much the pictures and scrapbooks that have been sent from the 
homeland for use in these schools ; also the dolls. These have been used as prizes 
for perfect attendance and work well done. Anna Crumpacker. 

Liao Chow Boys' School 

Samuel Bowman 

THERE are kinds of work in which figures tell a great deal. There are also kinds 
in which figures mean very little. I am more convinced every day that in our 
schools the number in attendance is a very poor index of the value of the school; 
in fact, from the standpoint of showing how nearly we are accomplishing our purpose, it 
has little relation. 

During the past year the attendance has remained practically unchanged. It is 
a little under two hundred. (Last year it was a bit over two hundred, but we have 
discontinued the beginning class as a part of the Boys' School, and boys who would be 
in it are in the Co-educational School under the direction of Miss Cripe.) We have 
been handicapped to the present, and still are, because we do not have a sufficient 
number of teachers with the proper Christian and educational training to do the work 

198 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

that we are trying to do. Because of this condition our schools have not attained 
to what we have set as our ideals. 

No students came into the church during the year, because just when the time 
was set for the baptism of those wishing to enter, there arose some dissatisfaction 
among the students with one or two of the teachers and, as a result, what should 
have been the best opportunity was lost. Changes which are being made in the teaching 
force we feel will result in good. It is hoped that at the end of the present school 
year further changes can be made, which will put in all Christian teachers. We have 
definite men in view for that now. Though we have our troubles, I am not pessimistic 
about the future. We have made mistakes. We are trying to profit by them and not 
repeat them. We have the students, and what we need is more teachers of strong 
Christian character to lead them. Fortunately, we have a few teachers of that type 
now and the spirit of the school is good. Our lack of enough good teachers is due 
to the fact that our mission is new. There has not been time to train our own workers. 
It has only been one or two years that we have begun to get back, as teachers, boys 
who have gone through our own schools and have had a complete high school course. 
Our school had two this year. One has completed high school and the other has two 
years more. It is the first time in the history of our school that we have had men of 
this much training who were not brought in from an outside province. That is no 
particular discount to the outside men except in this way : Outside men are still so few 
that we have no hope of getting the best unless it be by accident. The best are used at 
home. The missions that train them want them for themselves. Furthermore, the outside 
man is looked upon somewhat as foreign. Other things being equal, he cannot do 
the work that a local man can. 

The future outlook is very hopeful, because we are getting a native leadership 
of local men. It is upon such men and women that we must depend to carry forward 
the program of Christian education in our territory. 

Liao Women's City Work 

Anna M. Hutchison 

AS during the previous year, this work has largely been confined to the work 
done in the Women's Bible School. 
In former years we worked largely by teaching from home to home, which 
method, while it had its virtues, we found by experience was not sufficient in itself 
to bring the desired results. As time went on we felt more and more convinced that 
at least with the majority of these ignorant women, steeped in generations of super- 
stition, it would take the constant, daily teaching with "line upon line, precept upon 
precept," in a strong religious atmosphere, to realize the most permanent results, 
and develop a measure of Christian character. Hence the establishing of our Bible 
schools to carry forward the work in which we have created an interest through 
our visits in the homes, gathering in both from the city and country those whom we 
hope to train into Christian character as heads of Christian homes and as leaders in 
the native church. 

In our Bible school at Liao we are aiming to give but the four years' primary 
course, hoping to have those who shall prepare as leaders take advanced work in our 
mission Woman's Bible School. We will give a diploma to those who complete the 
four years, and to those who can continue but two years we will give a certificate for 
work done. 

During the spring of the past year we had an enrollment of twenty-two, and in 
the fall an enrollment of twenty-five. Among the latter, several of those in attendance 
were women of the better class. One, a woman of very fine spirit, has a son who 
is counsellor to Governor Yen, of Tai Yuan Fu. The family are favorably inclined 


The Missionary Visitor 


Liao Chow girls who went out in Vacation Bible School work 

to Christianity and it means much to our work to reach people of that class. The 
greatest drawback, however, to our Woman's School at Liao, is the fact of our 
limited quarters, teachers and pupils too crowded to be sanitary, not so speak of 
comfort and room for growth. We are longing and praying that the near future 
may have something better in store for us, and thus we are trying as best we can 
to encourage all to be patient for awhile. 

During evangelistic week last spring, though I was not privileged to be present, 
being called away on committee work, a number of Chinese women and girls and 
several of the foreigners did faithful work. Thirty-seven in all assisted, with the 
result that twenty-six villages were visited, besides several afternoons spent in the 
city. Two hundred and five homes were visited, and 2,608 people heard something of 
the message. 

During the summer, from time to time, twenty surrounding villages were visited 
by our evangelistic workers. 

Also three Vacation Bible Schools were carried on in three different villages 
by six of our larger school girls, each company of girls being accompanied by a 
woman as helper and companion. 

On Christmas Eve, at the combined program given by our several schools, some 
of the women of our women's school gave a short but impressive play of the Ten 

Perhaps the most import- nt event of the year in the experience of some of 
our women took place on Saturday afternoon, April 21, when eight of our school 
women entered into closer fellowship with our Savior through baptism into the 
church. We have heard several of them say since that they have never regretted 
the step then taken, and we have reason to believe that some of them, at least, 
are going forward and making real progress in their Christian life and experience. This 
is the real fruitage for which we are hoping, laboring, and praying — Christian char- 
acter, Christian homes and Christian leadership. 

Late in September we were glad to welcome back to our midst Sister Senger, 
to take up her work again among the country women of our outstations and surround- 
ing villages, of which work she no doubt will have some interesting things to tell you. 

200 The Missionary Visitor *™j 

Men's Evangelistic Report, Liao Chow 

R. C. Flory 

JN the beginning of 1923 we had a new development in the Chinese church. This 
was in the formation of an executive committee composed of five foreigners 
(missionaries) and five Chinese. Thus the executive responsibility rests jointly 
with the foreigners and the Chinese. They entered into this work enthusiastically, and 
jwe are glad that they want to share in the responsibility of the mission work among 
;their own people. The first year's work of this committee is now past and we are 
convinced that it was a wise move. It brings the missionary and his or her Chinese 
coworkers into an intimate relation by planning and working out their problems to- 
gether. It is also a schooling for the Chinese in leadership. They must learn by 
actually taking part in the planning and the management of the Chinese church. 
Thus eventually the church may become self-governing and self-supporting. 

During the Chinese New Year we conducted the usual week of evangelism, in 
which many villages were visited and several thousand heard the gospel message 
preached and sung to them on the streets. 

April 15 an event took place which will not soon be forgotten in Liao Chou. It 
was the dedication of our splendid new church building. It was a glad day for the 
church in Liao. Pastor Chao, of Ping Ting, gave the main address. The official of 
our little city was present and made a short speech. Brethren F. H. Crumpacker and 
E. D. Vaniman, from Ping Ting, also were with us and gave us their inspiration and 
help. The Chinese schools and others provided some splendid special music. The Chinese 
business men of the city, at an expense of over fifty dollars Mex., presented the church 
with several large and beautiful mottoes. These hang on the wall back of the rostrum 
(or in the front of the building). 

During the following week study classes were conducted for enquirers, and at 
the close of the week thirty-seven were baptized in the baptistry in our new church. 
We certainly appreciate our large new church building, with its large audience room, 
balcony, Sunday-school rooms and large basement. We extend our hearty thanks 
to all the kind home folks who made it possible to have such a splendid temple of 
worship dedicated to the ONE true God. 

During July and August vacation Bible schools were conducted by our Christian 
school boys at our three outstations, and one village and also two in our own city of 
Liao. In these summer schools children were taught Scripture verses, told Bible 
stories and taught little songs. They were also taught games for little children. Thus 
many little children learn to love Jesus. 

During August a two weeks' normal was conducted at Ping Ting Chou for evan- 
gelistic workers. Nearly all our Chinese preachers and colporteurs attended and, 
received much inspiration and help in the classes and in their association with other 
workers of our mission. 

During November and December our Chinese assistant, Rev. Li, and the writer 
conducted study classes at four outstations. About eighty were enrolled and many 
took a good interest in learning more of their Savior. Quite a number are candi- 
dates for baptism but will not be baptized till April or May of 1924. 

In taking a general survey of the year there are a number of things for which 
we rejoice. On the other hand, there are other things that tend to discourage. We 
are made to realize that Satan is using every means he can to frustrate and hinder 
our work in bringing the saving Gospel to these people. May we be led to a closer 
walk with Him who promised to be with us even to the end of the world. 

J™ e The Missionary Visitor 201 

Liao Chow Medical Report 

D. L. Horning, M. D. 

DURING January, Dr. Kao, who formerly assisted in Red Cross work on the 
road, was still with us. Dr. Wang, whom we had supported two years in 
medical school, was in the meantime conducting work at the outstations. Feb. 
1 he began work in the hospital with a vim and interest that bespoke a bright future 
for him in relation to the medical work at Liao Chow, and his career thus far has abun- 
dantly confirmed these prospects. 

Early in February Dr. Horning attended the conference of the China Medical 
Missionary Association at Shanghai, where much inspiration and help was received 
along lines of hospital construction and management, and new methods of treating 
disease. On return a decision was made to remodel the present building and add 
a small wing, thus making the plant much more compact and less expensive to operate 
than according to the former plan of the spread-out type. About the same time Mrs. 
Pollock was called to Show Yang, where she cared for Mrs. Heisey several weeks. 

As a part of our public health program, Dr. Wang gave a series of health lectures 
in the city schools, which were much appreciated, and although the local organization 
has done little, a beginning has been made which presages greater things in the 
near future. At present the official is making an investigation as to the number of 
"Yao t'eng t'ui t'eng," or osteomalacia cases, in the county; then, later, one of the 
doctors will call on these suspected cases, make a diagnosis and institute proper 

Early in the year Dr. Wang returned to Shantung for his wife, returning to Liao 
Chow after an absence of a month. Almost from the time of his return the number 
of inpatients and operations began to increase, due largely to his splendid Christian 
character and kindly interest in the patients, further proving to us that the best 
way to reach the Chinese is through his Christian Chinese brother. 

The school-children, along with some of their teachers and the foreigners, were 
given physical examinations and treatment advised for those who needed it. Sev- 
eral of the foreigners and their children were operated on for trachoma, a contagious 
eye disease quite prevalent in north China. 

Obstetrics for the year has been quite varied; some normal deliveries, some 
exceedingly difficult and one Caesarian section ; also a very severe and prolonged 
case of thrombo-phlebitis, with final recovery. 

The year 1923 brought an unusual number of very serious cases, most of which 
recovered. There we're several of blood poison, or septicemia. In two cases arms 
and lives, perhaps, were saved by soaking the affected limb for days and weeks in a 
continuous bath of hot water, to which an antiseptic had been added and kept hot 
over a small kerosene stove. One of these persons, Mrs. Li, of Hoshun, has returned 
home, singing praise to the Great Physician, to whom she rightly gives the credit for 
a cure. Four gunshot cases were treated, three being victims of guns hidden in the 
ground for wild pigs. Two of these died, so severe were their wounds. The other 
two, still in the hospital, are getting along nicely. One amputation of a leg was per- 
mitted by the husband, only when the patient was under anesthetic, and he was shown 
the uselessness of trying to save it. Two patients recently returned home to die 
rather than have a foot amputated, which doubtless would have saved their lives. Qne 
radical operation for malignant tumor of the breast was done, and the patient a| 
present is making a splendid recovery. The wives of several officials also have been 
in for treatment. 

As Mrs. Pollock is returning for furlough in the spring, we recently hired a second 
graduate lady nurse, who will do the night work in the women's hospital and help to 
care for the work in general until Mrs. Pollock returns. In the men's hospital we fo&ve 


The Missionary Visitor 


taken on two high-school boys, who alter- 
nate for night work. When Mrs. Pollock 
returns we hope to dispense with all this 
type of help, and open a training school for 
both male and female nurses. 

Early in December Dr. J. Preston Max- 
well, of the Peking Union Medical College, 
made us a visit and performed the above 
mentioned Caesarian section. Miss Payne, 
secretary-treasurer of the Chili-Shansi Edu- 
cational Association, was among the callers 
at the hospital. 

In order to make things more pleasant 
for our doctor, nurses and helpers, we pre- 
pared a croquet and tennis court, which is 
used with satisfaction whenever there are 
moments to spare. The sick were made 
more comfortable during the hot summer 
weather by a liberal supply of ice taken from 
our new ice house in the women's court. 

During the year there were frequent 
meetings of the hospital staff, in which our 
Chinese friends took a prominent part. Mrs. 
Pollock also had frequent meetings for the 
nurses only. Our Wednesday evening 
prayer meeting is well attended and enjoyed 
by all. At present Dr. Wang is conducting a campaign for raising money among the 
Chinese for an X-ray for the hospital. The prominent officials of our three counties 
have been enlisted to help. Those at the head of the drive have set as a standard of 
giving one month of wages. For the Chinese this involves considerable sacrifice, but 
already several have fallen in line and likely others will. Six months' time is allowed 
in which all payments are to be made. 

Prices for registration, food and medicines have been increased, with a view to 
making the work more nearly self-supporting. Operations for the year under general 
anesthetic were fifty-two in number as against twenty-five in 1922. Operations under 
local anesthetic were about the- same as formerly, not a few being for trachoma. In 
the dispensary many minor operations were done without anesthetic. Inpatients 
for the year increased by sixty-two. There were thirty-nine outside calls, including 
foreigners and Chinese, one of these being a forceps delivery obstetrical case. 

Dr. Wang and Wife 

Inpatients for 1923: Men 
Medical and Surgical 163 

Hospital Dispensary Patients : 

First Calls 931 

Returns 1319 

Patients seen at outstations : 

First calls 153 

Returns 60 

Calls in homes ,,,.,,,,,,,.,,,,, ,.,,.,.,.... 3 





J™ The Missionary Visitor 203 

Kindergarten and Co-ed School, Liao Chou 

Winnie E. Cripe 

IN the beginning of the year we had about sixty children enrolled in the kinder- 
garten. Quite a few of them were really too old for this work, but they were 
children that we gathered in from the street and who were not attending school 
any place, so we kept them there until the close of the spring term in order that they 
might finish the kindergarten course. During this time we had one Chinese lady 
teacher helping us, and Mrs. Horning was with us part of the time. An epidemic of 
chickenpox broke out among the children, which made the attendance much more 
irregular for a while, but they came back as they were allowed to return. 

Liao Chou Kindergarten 

In June we graduated our first class from the kindergarten. There were seven- 
teen boys and girls in this class, and they were as proud of their little diplomas as 
they ever will be when they finish college. For this special occasion all the mothers 
were invited, and the children rendered a little program that interested them all. 

With the beginning of the fall term we opened our coeducational school, the first 
of its kind in the city. More teachers were added, and we have been busy trying to 
direct work in two places at the same time. During the fall term there was a total 
enrollment of seventy-four children in both the kindergarten and the coed schools, 
of ages ranging from four to twelve years. Although they are day schools, the at- 
tendance has been good and we have sixty or more each day. When one thinks of all 
the Chinese holidays, feast days, weddings and funerals that children want to attend, 
besides the many days in the year they must spend at their grandmas' in the country 
or elsewhere, we feel we have succeeded pretty well in keeping them. 

The opening of the coed school in connection with the kindergarten is a new 
departure in our work and means that the first and second grades are being eliminated 
from our boarding schools and taught together. We feel the plan is a practical one, 
because when they board and sleep at home they may be in the mission school with 

204 The Missionary Visitor J™£ 

comparatively little expense to the mission, and it also gives better opportunity for 
having teachers trained especially for teaching children. 

At Christmas time the children had a part in the program given at the church. 
As the kindergartners went off the platform, after singing and acting "Once a Little 
Baby Lay," it was easy to see from the clapping of hands over the large audience 
that their part did not lack appreciation. 

We often think that as these children receive some Christian teaching daily it must 
surely influence many of their lives for Christianity. As to the outreaching good 
that may thus be accomplished in their homes, we continually pray that "a little child 
shall lead them." 

Liao Chou Girls' School 

Mary E. Cline 

THE second term of school opened soon after Chinese New Year, the first part 
of March. The most interesting event in the spring was the baptism of thirteen 
girls. This brought our number of Christian girls up to twenty-seven, half of our 
student body. Several others also applied for baptism, but because of strong objections 
by non-Christian parents they were not permitted to receive this rite. Still, several 
others, who had been here such a short time that it seemed unwise at this time, were 
asked to wait another year until they had learned a little more of the real meaning 
of Christianity. 

In June there were ten graduates, five from the lower primary, and two from the 
higher primary, according to the old plan of organization. After this our schools will 
graduate pupils only after the sixth year, not being divided into higher and lower 
primary, since we have adopted the six-six plan of organization; that is, the first six 
years being known as primary school, and the next six years being high school, as 
many schools are now organized in America. This year we graduated both according 
to the old system and the new. There were three graduating from the sixth year. Of 
these ten graduates all but one are continuing their studies, all except two still being 
here in school. Of these two, one is in a government normal school and the other is 
in a Presbyterian high school. 

During the summer six of our girls, under the direction of the Women's Evangel- 
istic department, were engaged in teaching in Vacation Bible Schools. 

In the fall we began with a few less than we had when school closed, but this was 
due to the fact that now we have no first grade, the first grade of both the boys' and 
girls' schools becoming a part of the primary coeducational school. Taking this into 
consideration, our enrollment is slightly larger in proportion than the previous school 

One of our outstation schools had to be closed in the fall, due to the fact that we 
were not able to secure a suitable teacher for the place. 

Soon after school opened in the fall, each student was given a physical exam- 
ination. It is interesting to notice that the cases of trachoma this year are only one- 
third as great as last year. Last year thirty-three cases were treated, while this year 
there were only eleven cases. With the exception of the eyes, the organ affected 
in greatest number proved to be the heart, there being eight in which the heart was 
found to be in a weakened condition. 

In December our schools were favored by the visit of Miss Payne, traveling secre- 
tary of the Chihli-Shansi Christian Educational Association. While here she gave both 
the intelligence and educational tests to the more advanced pupils in both schools. She 
also met in conference with the teachers and offered many helpful suggestions and 
criticisms. We feel that her visit was of real value, and hope we shall be able to 
profit by it by putting into operation some of the changes she suggested. 

June The Missionary Visitor 205 

Ping Ting Men's Evangelistic for 1923 

F. H. Crumpacker 

WE are glad to report that there is a healthy reception of the Gospel in all parts of 
our field. The workers report that the people listen gladly and seem to show 
an interest whenever they have an opportunity to hear. 

There have been four colporteurs doing regular work all the year. Mr. O. C. Sol- 
lenberger has been spending a good bit of his time in the country field. He is making 
and retaining friends for the church. 

Our summer vacation schools were well attended. In all we have seven outside of 
the city and the schoolboys showed an interest. At one place there were as many as 
eighty enrolled for this short-term work. In most cases they held on for six weeks and 
were able to keep a good interest right up to the last. In nearly all of these cases 
the result is that children are added to the central school from these outstation efforts. 
At one place a young lad came from the beggar class and was helped in the school 
and later he enrolled in the government school. This lad was seen at the special evangel- 
istic service in that town in February, and he was glad to report that he was still in school 
and could sing a few of the songs that he learned at the summer school. 

Our Bible School men were taken on as workers during the summer and their en- 
thusiasm helped out some of the outstation men who sometimes seem to get in a bit of 
a discouraged rut. 

We have one place worthy of special mention. In a village about twenty-five 
miles from Ping Ting we have six or seven members. They have fitted up a room that 
they call their chapel, and now they want some help to have a school at the place. They 
say if we can help them fifteen dollars gold per year they think they can have a small 
school in the place. They have ambitions to change the name of the place to Gospel 
Village. It is now called Field Gulch. We have promised to help them to the amount 
asked provided they have a Christian teacher. We hope that they will make the 
place really savor of Christ. If they can get the people away from idol worship and in- 
duce them to worship Christ it will mean a lot for their place. This is a poor place, and 
if they can establish a kind of independent work here they will be in a position to in- 
fluence some of the other older and more advanced villages. 

Self-propagation is not easy in these parts. The people are too busy trying to 
keep body and soul together ; in other words, to make a living. One of our outstations 
made a start toward self-government during the year. The mission budget makes a 
regular contribution towards their needs and they have a committee that is to direct 
the work. This has taken a good bit of worry from the foreigners' shoulders and has 
put on to the local committee a self-reliance that is sure to be helpful in the long run. 
Already they have been able to have a couple of applicants from there. Their appli- 
cants must be recommended by their own committee. The plan is to make the allowance 
less from the mission each year and allow the people locally to make up the difference 
by local contributions. They will thus grow yearly towards self-support and self- 

Our Men's Bible School has several men in preparation for the local work to be 
done in the neighboring places. The writer has spent a good deal of time in this 
work in the absence of Bro. Oberholtzer, who is having his furlough in America. 

The year's baptisms were men, women and children, 55 in all; not as large a 
number as last year, but a very splendid addition. The number of villages reached now 
by our workers is constantly being increased because of these contacts caused by these 
new recruits who come largely from the villages. 

May the Lord add his blessings to our year's efforts is our prayer. 

206 The Missionary Visitor *g« 

Women's Work 
Ping Ting Chou, 1923 

ONE Bible woman and I were kept busy most of the year in country work, covering 
the most important centers of our field. We held ten station classes and visited 
some twenty other villages and cities. In the station classes, which continued 
from one to two weeks, we taught the women to sing and read, and held services for 
them twice a day. In the evenings we held lantern meetings for the whole village. At 
other places, where the women were not interested enough to read, we visited in the 
homes and gave them the gospel message, or gathered the village together in the even- 
ings for the lantern meetings. 

Our message this year has been the life and teachings of Paul. Because of the 
awful death rate among babies, we have put on a baby-saving campaign, which we carry 
on with evangelistic work. Thousands of mothers have been told how to save their 
babies as well as their souls. 

During the evangelistic week in February thirty-eight Christian women divided 
into ten bands for preaching. Five bands went to the farther villages and lived there the 
week while they preached. Five bands covered the city and near villages. They visited 
436 courtyards and taught over seven thousand people. They returned with as much 
enthusiasm as the disciples of Jesus. 

Within the city the work has been carried on chiefly by another Bible woman, who 
taught some thirty Bible classes each week in Christian and inquirers' homes. This 
fall we also opened work in the women's prison, where some thirty women with their 
children have been confined because of selling and using opium, for gambling, etc. Be- 
sides preaching to them we have taught them to sing, pray and read. Some women 
from the Bible school go with us to help teach them. Thirteen women have been bap- 
tized this year. Emma Horning. 

A Ping Ting Family of Five Generations 

The old grandmother on the right cannot be persuaded to take down her idols, 
but her grandsons in background have become Christians. Mary 
Schaeffer and Mrs. Tu, Bible woman, are in the back row 

J™ e The Missionary Visitor 207 

Report of the Shu Hsien Girls' School, Pingtingchou, 1923 

Minerva Metzger 

THE Girls' School here at Pingtingchou is still plodding along toward the goal of 
Christian citizenship. Our aim is not only to lead pupils to know the things 
of the world and of God, but to be able and willing to take their place in the 
nation as true citizens, living the human life in a Christlike way. The spiritual atmos- 
phere of the school has been good; especially has this been manifested in the work 
of the Y. M. C. A. and the Sunday-school. The girls worked hard to earn enough money 
to send four delegates to the Y. conference for Shansi. Two Chinese secretaries vis- 
ited us, one from the Y. in Peking and one from Tientsin. The Girls' School is one 
department of the General Sunday School. At the beginning of the year this depart- 
ment offered rewards. At the end of each quarter written examinations were given, 
and to all making a passing grade of 70, stories books were given. At the close of the 
year an examination was held covering the whole year's work. To the one making 
the highest grade a Bible was given, the second received a Testament, with the 
Psalms, and the third a Testament. Two tied for the first prize and two for the second; 
in all five rewards were given. The interest ran high. The same has been offered 
for 1924. 

In September our curriculum was changed to meet the requirements of the six-six 
program. This meant less work in the elementary grades, and gave us the first year 
Junior Middle. Nearly all the textbooks also were changed. The new are much 
better adapted to the needs of the pupils. The executive secretary of the Chihli- 
Shansi Christian Educational Association visited our school the first part of December. 

One new feature of our work is the beginning of a Parent-Teacher Association. 
At present there is no definite organization. It is rather difficult where there is so 
much illiteracy among the parents, especially the mothers. We held two meetings 
during the Fall Semester. 

Total enrollment for the year 76 

Total graduates 9 

Total number baptized 8 

Report of Boys' School, Ping Ting District, for 1923 

Ernest D. Vaniman 

"Let the Lower Lights Be Burning" 

THE lighthouse keeper prepares his lamps, that their light may guide the sailors 
in safety to their desired haven. Our Christian schools are preparing human 
lamps to shine with the Light of Truth, so that many may be guided safely 
to the Savior's haven of rest. 

Our schools were more efficient during 1923 because of better-trained teachers. 
During the year some of our own graduates returned to teach in their Alma Mater. 
Mr. F. C. T'ieh completed his high school course at T'ai Ku in 1922 and has a special 
summer course in physical education and hygiene at Tsinanfu, Shantung. He is a 
valuable addition to our teaching staff. Mr. H. T. Chai is back again after two years' 
study in Peking Christian University. He is also a good director of vocal music. Our 
boys like to sing. Both of these young men read and speak English very readily and 
would be glad to receive letters from anyone who would care to write to them. It 
is a pleasure to have our own boys come back and work in the school. These two 
teach in our high school, which was begun in September, 1923, when an extra year 
of school work was added, with the adoption of the 6-6-4 curriculum. 

208 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

In June, two classes were graduated — ten from the sixth year and nine from the 
seventh year. These became the students in the first and second years of the junior 
high school in September. Thus we have the six years' elementary course and two 
years of the six year high school course. This is as far as we go now in the 6-6-4 
plan of curriculum. Before we can add any more we must have more room. We need 
a new building and equipment for this higher work now. When this is obtained the 
lower grades will occupy the present quarters in coeducation with the girls' school. 

The new industrial building, made possible by the gifts of the Michigan Sunday 
schools, was completed during the summer. In this building are three double work- 
benches for woodwork, and at one end is a forge for iron work, with anvil, workbench 
and tools. During the fall term many repair jobs were undertaken, as well as problems 
in wood and iron proposed in the shop classes. This manual work affords problems 
of the highest educational value and also helps the student to discover "The Way in 
which he should go." The boys also gain an intelligent sympathy for the people who 
work in industries. At the close of school, in June, exhibits of fly-traps made by the 
graduates and cloth of various designs woven by the boys, were on display, together 
with maps, drawings, and essays. Also examples of clay-modeling, paper-folding, mat- 
weaving, etc., by the lower grades. 

The deportment of the students is helped very much by the student Y. M. C. A., 
which has its committees for athletics, social, Bible study, etc. In May, under the 
able direction of Mr. Liu, of the Men's Bible School, the boys gave a very good 
play of the story of Joseph. Then at the Christmas time they gave "The Five Calls," 
a Christian story similar to that of the Prodigal Son. In November six of the boys were 
received into the church by baptism. We consider it of the first importance that our 
schools should maintain the Christian atmosphere. We try to practice the principles 
Jesus taught. 

Pray that many of these living lights may be made to shine brightly for Him. 

Brethren Hospital, Ping Ting Chow 

Fred J. Wampler, M. D. 

THE medical work at Ping Ting Chow had several outstanding accomplishments 
during the year 1923. In the line of equipment, the operating room was very 
much improved. There was installed during the fall a complete battery of 
Bramhall Deane sterilizers. These are steam heated and are connected up with our 
new boiler. The floor of the operating room was also done over and covered with 
white vitreous tile, which was made by a foundry near here. 

The X-ray outfit, which we bought at the close of 1922, came and was installed in 
the summer and fall of 1923. In October we were making fluoroscopic examinations and 
taking X-ray pictures. The plant that we have consists of a transformer, two Coolidge 
tubes, tube stand, adjustable table, plate shift for fluoroscopic pictures, stereoscopic 
plate holder, rotary converter, and the necessary switches and rheostats. This plant will 
meet a long-felt need. 

We purchased also during the year an eleven-horsepower boiler with which we 
hope to generate steam for the sterilizers, pump and laundry, and in case of necessity, 
it can supply a steam engine which may be needed for the electric light plant later on. 

We dug a well which ought to furnish us with plenty of water for our future needs. 
A number of the water pipes and steam pipes have been put in, but this system was not 
completed at the end of the year. 

The Administration Building of the hospital was erected in 1920, but not until 1923 
did we have a formal dedication of it. This delay was due to the extra heavy work 
of all during the famine of 1920-21, and more especially to the fact that some of the 

J™ e The Missionary Visitor 209 

important equipment had not been installed until 1923. Nov. 13, 14 and 15 were the days 
set apart for our formal opening and inspection. Many beautiful banners and other 
gifts were presented to the hospital just before the opening ceremonies. The last of 
October and the first of November the Hospital Board of Advisers raised from among 
the business men and officials the sum of $1,000, which was presented to the hospital. 
This gift was announced at the dedication. Mr. Li, the hospital evangelist, gave the 
address of welcome. Other addresses were given by Mr. L. C. Goodrich, assistant resi- 
dent director of the China Medical Board, Peking; Dr. F. F. Tucker, of the American 
Board Mission, Tehchow, Shantung; and Col. S. Ts'ai, of the Shansi Tenth Brigade. 
Dr. F. H. Crumpacker offered the dedicatory prayer. The county magistrate, Mr. Liu, 
unlocked the hospital door and the building was declared open for inspection. During 
the three days given over to visitors, nearly 20,000 people inspected the buildings and 

The coming of the station Ford is welcomed by the hospital staff, as there are 
times when it will be useful in bringing in accident and emergency cases. It 
will also make it possible to reach the seriously ill along the motor road much quicker 
than before. 

The nursing school reached its largest enrollment in 1923. At the end of December 
there were in training eleven boys and six girls. The school was registered with the 
Nurses' Association of China during the spring. This recognition will permit our grad- 
uates to take the examinations for registration which, if successfully passed, will secure 
for them the R. N. degree. The success of the school is largely due to the untiring 
efforts of Miss Edna Flory, who is the head of the school, and under whose direction 
the nursing department has been largely built up. Misses Stevenson and Simpson, act- 
ing president and secretary, respectively, of the Nurses' Association of China, visited 
the hospital in July. 

In September Mrs. Carl F. Coffman took over the direction of the nursing in the 
operating room. Since then we have had a clean nurse to assist in all major operations. 
With two or three doctors and two to four nurses, in addition to the anesthetist, operat- 
ing is much easier for the staff than it was several years ago. It is, of course, also 
much better for the patient. 

Dr. Coffman began to take more responsibility in the hospital during the summer. 
By fall he was busy most of the time with the X-ray, overseeing the installation of the 
water system and sterilizers, and in the operative work. He has had charge of the 
medical work for the foreign community during the year. 

In July, 1923, we had one of our dreams fulfilled. We have long prayed for a well- 
qualified man to have charge of the evangelistic work among the patients. Mr. T. H. 
Li, of Chow Ts'un, Shantung, is now filling this position very acceptably. Mr. Li is a 
college graduate and also has had a full theological course. He will improve with ex- 
perience and ought to make us a very valuable head for the hospital evangelistic work. 

Some of the patients become interested in the Gospel while in the hospital, and 
quite a number of our active workers in the church were reached in this way. The big- 
gest work the hospital does in an evangelistic way, however, is the breaking down of 
prejudice and creating a general good will in the community and district. It is always 
a good example of Christianity at work. Many a person who has had a strong preju- 
dice against Christian propaganda has had that prejudice entirely broken down by see- 
ing the results of Christian medical work on the sick about him. 

Dr. H. T. Han has completed his third year as resident with us. He has agreed to 
remain five years more, the new contract beginning with December, 1923. Dr. Han is 
a good surgeon and also does very well in medicine. He is of great assistance in 
teaching in the Nurses' Training School. 

The missionaries at Show Yang and Ping Ting have had an unusual amount of 
sickness during the year. Fortunately, however, there has been no loss of life. 

210 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

either among our missionaries or the more active Chinese workers. Because of illness, 
one of our missionaries had to return to America. 

Osteomalacia is very prevalent in the section served by the Brethren Hospital, and 
for more than two years now much time has been spent in the study of the disease, pay- 
ing special attention to the cause. We have treated a great number of these cases, 
some in the hospital but many more outside. Cod-liver oil, with calcium lactate, has 
helped practically every one treated to be relieved of the pain and all other symptoms 
of the disease. Just as the year closed we were preparing to distribute literature to all 
the villages in Ping Ting County and many of the villages in adjoining counties on the 
cause and treatment of this disease. We hope by this means to get in touch with many 
who have not been treated yet and also that the information thus given out will help 
to prevent new cases of the disease from developing. 

In 1923 our staff gave considerable time to preventive medicine. The pupils, both 
boys and girls, in the mission schools of Ping Ting, were given physical examinations 
and many of the defects were corrected. The missionaries at both Show Yang and 
Ping Ting also had physical examinations, and where needed corrective measures were 
advised. Health lectures were given before the Women's Public Health Association 
of Ping Ting and before the government and mission girls' schools and government 
middle school for men, and before some evangelistic classes. A series of health habit 
lectures were given during the Teachers' Institute of the mission held at Ping Ting, 
Aug. 27 to Sept. 4. The writer, under the auspices of the Council on Health Education, 
directed and assisted in the teaching in a Summer School of Physical and Health Educa- 
tion, held at Tsinanfu, Shantung, June 30 to July 27. This school enrolled pupils of 
middle-school grade, the purpose being to prepare these young people to teach health 
subjects and direct the physical exercises of the pupils in mission schools. 

There was a great decrease in social diseases the last half of the year as compared 
with the first half. The biggest factor in this reduction was the closing of all the 
houses of prostitution at Yang Ch'iian, a railroad center six miles from here, and the 
stricter watch on women of questionable reputation on the streets in the city. The 
county magistrate and the commander of the local brigade are the men responsible 
for ridding the district of these women. 

All the staff had some time off for vacation during the year. The writer had a more 
extended time than the others, since this was his year for interfurlough vacation. 
Dr. and Mrs. Coffman spent some time at Crown Mountain, also at and near Show 
Yang. Miss Flory went to Wu Ta'ai Shan, one of China's sacred mountains, for a few 
weeks' rest. Dr. Han spent a month at his old home in Shantung. 

The statistics for the year are as follows: 

Local receipts $5,705.24 

Expenses, not including foreigners' salaries 9,693.32 

First calls at the dispensary — men 1,755 

First calls at the dispensary — women 407 

Return calls — men 4,357 

Return calls — women 1,755 

Total dispensary calls 8,274 

Patients seen on itinerating trips 254 

Visits to patients in their homes 300 

Physical examinations 327 

Hospital patients — men 314 

Hospital patients — women 130 

Total 444 

Operations, general anesthetic 119 

Operations, local anesthetic 67 

Dispensary operations, including intravenous injections ■ . . 300 

Jg™ The Missionary Visitor 211 

Classification of Hospital Patients: 

Surgery 148 

Medicine 144 

Skin 52 

Eye 47 

Obstetrics 28 

Babies 10 

Gynecology 4 

Unclassified 11 

Twelve of the obstetrical cases were Caesarian sections. There were three ruptured 
uteri, two of which came too late for operation. 

Staff: Carl F. Coffman, M. D. ; H. T. Han, M. D.; F. J. Wampler, M. D. ; T. H. Li, 
evangelist; C. C. Chang, steward; Edna R. Flory, R. N. ; Mrs. C. F. Coffman, R. N. ; H. 
L. Pien, Lab. Tech.; 17 nurses in training. 

Dec. 15, 1923. 

Women's Bible School, Ping Ting, 1923 

After a week's vacation we reopened school Jan. 1, '23, with an enrollment of 
twenty-five and a staff of seven assisting in the teaching. 

School closed Feb. 2 for Chinese New Year vacation, and reopened March 5, with 
an enrollment of twenty-seven. Every few days a few more came until there were forty 
at the close of the month. During April several were called home and later others 
dropped out for various reasons, until the attendance dropped to twenty-six at the close 
of the term. The total enrollment was forty-three. 

At the request of the students the school was continued during the winter months 
and the term lengthened from six to eight and one-half months. 

The fall term opened Sept. 10 with thirty-eight enrolled the first day. A few more 
entered, making forty in all. 

At the opening session they were told of the new rules passed by the advisory 
board, requiring regular and prompt attendance, a real interest in their studies, etc., 
or they would be asked at the close of the term to quit coming. The board also decided 
that they should buy their own books, and that our school term should be nine school 
months. I believe that the Chinese like and respect strict rules, for they have put new 
life into the school and the attendance has been very much better. Neither did they 
object to buying their own books, except a few of the very poorest, and even 
they brought the money by giving them a little time. 

At present we have a five-year course, the first two years being a preparatory 
course, in which the emphasis is placed on reading, writing, and arithmetic, the study 
of the Gospels and O. T. History; the purpose being to teach them the Chinese char- 
acters and give them a general knowledge of the Bible as a foundation for later Bible 
study. During the last three years, or regular course, the emphasis is on Bible study, 
and in this time they study the entire New Testament and most of the Old Testament. 

The present students are divided into five classes — one class beginning on the ad- 
vanced course or third year work, one second year, and the other three different de- 
grees of the first year work. 

As practice work the members of the two advanced classes assist in a village Sun- 
day-school, conduct worship in the Women's Hospital twice a week, conduct worship 
and classes for the thirty women in the women's prison, etc. 

The school and interest are growing. Pray that we may know how best to lead 
them and through them their children and families into the fuller life and knowledge 
of Christ and his love. Lulu Ullom. 

212 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Shou Yang Men's Evangelistic Department 

W. Harlan Smith 

THE work of this department for 1923 was left in the hands of an inexperienced 
missionary, when the head of the department, Rev. W. J. Heisey, started home 
for his furlough in April, 1923. Knowing that I was to assume this responsibility, 
I called a meeting of our corps of evangelistic helpers in this department, on March 30. 
We chose a chairman and a secretary, and decided to meet each month, if possible, to 
record any progress that had been made since the previous meeting, and to discuss the 
work of the department in general, with the hope of finding new and better methods of 
attack upon the forces of heathendom. We decided that our special work for the year 
would be to arouse a spirit of personal evangelism in the hearts and minds of every 
member of the Shou Yang church. This was because we realized that they were more 
or less lacking in this respect. Furthermore, we realized that if the evangelistic efforts 
of the department were to be thoroughly effective we must have the cooperation and 
help of each individual church member. We wanted, if possible, through giving them 
special instruction, to lead them to a realization of their great responsibility before God 
of leading others into the saving knowledge of Jesus Christ. Therefore, during the 
spring, summer and fall, an evangelist spent several days each month visiting in the 
homes of our various Christian communities and helping them every other way pos- 
sible in the spiritual growth. Having a bicycle, I also visited these various com- 
munities several times. I was not able to visit them as often as I should like to have, 
because we had hardly got started in our work until it was time for our family to leave 
for our interfurlough vacation. The work was in charge of the Chinese force for three 
months. When I returned they reported that they had visited during this time many 
theatricals, where they had distributed over 2,000 tracts and sold about 200 gospel por- 
tions. I was a little disappointed that they could not report any inquirers. 

One of our helpers was a delegate to a workers' conference held at a summer resort 
not far from our station here in this province. He reported that it was a splendid op- 
portunity for inspiration and Christian development. The great theme of the Confer- 
ence was, "What is the best method to use in developing an indigenous Chinese 
church?" The general consensus of opinion on this question was that each worker 
ought to use his or her utmost efforts to educate the church membership as to their 
individual responsibilities and duties. We hope that more of our leaders can attend 
this yearly conference in the future. 

At the end of the summer, all of the leaders in this department, along with others of 
our local church members, attended the Ping Ting Chou Leaders' Conference for 
leaders in the Church of the Brethren only. This was the best conference of this kind 
that our mission has ever had. The inspiration received by those of our church mem- 
bership in attendance had its reaction upon our work here in no small way. 

During the year the evangelistic department brought up the question of organ- 
izing our local church membership. In the course of time a constitution was worked 
out and adopted. The first regular business meeting under this constitution was held in 
November. Officers were elected and an organization effected. The attendance and in- 
terest at the meeting were quite good. We feel this organization of the church will 
arouse new interest in church work among our membership. We should be allowed a 
delegate in the delegate body at Annual Conference. Rev. B. M. Flory was elected 

From Sept. 1 to Dec. 1 the department conducted regular weekly meetings at the 
prison. We were invited to come and preach to the prisoners every Saturday forenoon 
at ten o'clock, by a special letter from the prison warden himself. On account 
of the inconvenience of the cold weather we have discontinued the meetings until about 
April 1. 



The Missionary Visitor 






Hi Jn 

1 i 


^ I 

£m& 8fe 


A Village Pastor and Family 

His wife is a great help in the women's work 

This year two young men from our local membership entered the Bible School 
at Ping Ting Chou to prepare themselves better to serve their Lord and Savior in 
their communities. We pray that they may be the means of advancing the kingdom 
of Christ considerably in this section of China. 

During November we held Bible classes at each of our three outstations. These 
continued for ten days at each place. The attendance was not what we had hoped it 
would be, but we do not consider our work a failure by any means. Quite a few 
became enquirers. Immediately after these meetings, on Nov. 23, we had a baptismal 
service. Thirteen people decided to follow Jesus Christ as their Savior and were 
baptized. Pray that they may grow in their Christian life and be strong to over- 
come temptations, of which they will have not a few. Immediately after the baptismal 
services there was a communion service in which fifty-five persons took part. This 
was one of the best services of its kind I have ever attended. The Chinese, as 
a whole, seem to enjoy these services. The total membership, including foreign- 
ers, on our roll at this place, is sixty-six. There are about a half-dozen other 
members at work who have not yet brought their letters. During the last few months 
the department has asked each station, including this main station, to prepare lists of 
names of prospective church members, for which each station was to have special 
seasons of prayer. From these lists we selected special names which we sent to our 
Mission Board. Probably some of you are praying for one or more of these right now. 
At the regular business meeting in November the church decided to have a regular 
monthly offering for church expenses. During the three months since the meeting, 
this offering, including a couple of special offerings for the poor, etc., amounts to 

214 The Missionary Visitor J™£ 

about 45,000 cash, not including what foreigners gave, which brings the amount up to 
about 70,000 cash, with some yet to be collected. A cash is equal in value to the 
Chinese what a cent would be to you. We already have a promise of over 3,000 cash 
a month from our Chinese membership, for the monthly offering. We think our 
membership are making a very good showing considering tneir circumstances. 

Another item of interest which might be mentioned in thiS%eport is the Christian 
wedding which took place in our little chapel last summer* when the local postmaster 
was united in marriage with one of the teachers in the Girls' §chool during the last 
year. The bride is a Christian, but the groom is only an |n£tjg?er. Our elder, Bro. 
Flory, officiated at the ceremony. This was the first Christian wadding to take place 
in Shou Yang. We hope there will be many more. v 

During the year we put on a little advertising campaign. We prepared several 
posters, advertising the work of the mission and our Bible. Later we bought several 
large posters from the Mission Book Company. We have posted many of these two 
kinds of posters at various places. We have several left, which we want to put up 
during the Chinese New Year season. The only other advertising that you see of 
any importance in this section is that of the tobacco and coal oil companies. We 
thought it would not come amiss to spend a few dollars 7 and offer them a little 
competition. We feel that what we have to give is much more valuable than what they 
have to sell. 

This closes up the work of the year, and we begin; the new year next week with 
a week or ten days of special evangelistic effort. We expect to have three bands at 
work. We request your prayers in behalf of the work for the coming year. 

Girls' School, Shou Yang 

Mary Schaeffer 

DURING the past year our girls' school was somewhat hampered by circumstances 
which were beyond our control. Miss Clapper left in April for furlough and 
Miss Miller came to Shou Yang to take up the work. Owing to illness Miss 
stiller was unable to continue the entire year, and we took cafe of it as best we could 
in connection with our other work. 

The average attendance of the school was about thirty-twO this year. Two girls 
died, one of tuberculosis, the other probably of scarlet fever. The one was a Christian 
girl and let her light shine at home, we know, for her father, who is a village elder, 
told me he would like to learn the songs she sang. Pray for him. At the end of the 
spring semester eight girls finished the lower primary and five came back in the 
fall for higher primary work. The others were married. 

In September the girls moved into the quarters formerly occupied by the Boys' 
School. This gives them more room, as well as a place for a playground which they 
enjoyed to the full. About 90 per cent of the girls were treated for trachoma this year. 

Sung Su Yiin came to teach for us this year. She is an orphan who has been 
helped by the mission in her school work. We wish many tithes that we could get 
more efficient helpers in our school. Perhaps later, when our own girls are through 
with their work, it will be possible. There were no girls baptized this year, as most 
of the older girls were baptized last year. 

J™° The Missionary Visitor 215 

China Building in 1923 

J. Homer Bright 

MOST of the construction for the China mission during the year 1923 was done 
at Shouyang. There the main work was the new Boys' School-building, which 
is a permanent gift from the students of our colleges to the work at Shouyang. 
It is a fine building and large enough to accommodate from one hundred and fifty to 
two hundred students. In the basement there is a large dining room for students, 
and a smaller one for the teachers, a large kitchen, a large bathroom, storerooms and 
furnace room. On the main floor by the main entrance is the office and guest room. 
There are six recitation rooms along the hall running the length of the building, and 
a large assembly room opposite the entrance. Two adjoining classrooms can be 
added to the assembly room by sliding doors as the occasion demands. The second 
floor and the attic are given over entirely to dormitories for the teachers and students. 
The main part of the building is ninety feet long and forty-two feet six inches wide, 
with stairs at each end in addition and an extension to the rear of twenty feet to 
make provision for a large assembly room. 

Besides the above school-building, quarters were built for teachers and helpers 
with families, near the school-building. Alterations on the quarters vacated by the 
Boys' School were made so as better to accommodate the Girls' School. An old chapel 
was torn down and the materials used in building four rooms as dormitories and a gate 
house at the entrance at the top of an incline. And the incline was lengthened, making 
the ascent easier. A little court was also added, having three rooms by walling it 
off from the ladies' entrance to which it had once been attached. Both entrances to 
the Girls' School were made more attractive, and by the enclosures the court was 
made more ideal for a Girls' School in China. A sleeping porch was added to the 
ladies' residence, a building built before the Boxer time. Buildings of those days 
lacked many things deemed necessary today. 

Several small buildings were constructed at Pingting, this work being easily cared 
for by the builder, as his home is located there. One was an industrial structure for the 
Boys' School; another an addition to the hospital, and a third a building for the 
station auto. In the latter is space for the Liao auto when up from Liao, and a bench 
for repairs — a very necessary thing when 400 miles from repair shops. • Here also Mr. 
Vaniman gives his boys some valuable mechanical training. 

Probably as important as erecting buildings for the needs and the development 
of the various departments of work is the contact with the lives of those employed in 
the work. We are fortunate in having a man who is very well able to buy the materials 
needed, and at the same time be free from taint of "squeeze" that is so much in 
evidence in all phases of life and work in China. 

Two boys were employed during the year, one during vacation at the Chinese 
New Year, and the other for a whole year. The former has just graduated from the 
Men's Bible School, and during the year the other has learned the joy of work. He 
has just been permitted to continue his high school studies. He has found that if he 
is willing to help himself, there is a big opportunity offered him in the mission schools, 
but that he was mistaken when he thought that the mission owed him his schooling. 

Several schoolboys helped to put the furnace in the new school-building at 
Shouyang. They missed two weeks of school to help get the furnace ready for the 
fast-approaching winter. It helped them earn part of their school expenses, gave 
them some very practical experience, and will give them a new view of physical toil 
and a more sympathetic attitude to the great masses of their countrymen. One of 
the leaders of our workmen was among the laborers who went to Europe during the 
years of that great struggle. It is an opportunity to help change their impressions of 
the foreigner, and through them reach their people with our message. 

216 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Show Yang Boys' School 

B. M. Flory 

; HE work done in the Show Yang Boys' School has been completed. The time 

HP 1 

has come to make a report. So much happened during the year, yet there is so 
little to be written in making a report. In many ways the work was very en- 
couraging; in others it was disappointing. This is an age of sowing in this phase of 
mission work at Show Yang. Later the harvest time will come. Patience and prayer 
are necessary, both on the part of the missionary and the church at home. 

Eighty boys were enrolled during the spring semester, and eighty-five during the 
fall semester. This shows very little increase, but it can be easily accounted for. 
In September the school moved to the new schoolhouse in the new south compound. 
While changing buildings it was decided to change many other conditions also. 

In order to stress hygiene and sanitation some requirements were made of each 
student. Each one was asked to bring a toothbrush, individual drinking cup, two hand- 
kerchiefs, and a change of clothing. They must also provide themselves with an ath- 
letic suit. In order to raise the general standard and to make the school more self-sup- 
porting the price of food was advanced. On this point our whole system was changed. 
The school hires the steward and furnishes the kitchen with a limited amount of money, 
and then takes no account of the expenditures for food. The steward does the ac- 
counting for the students, and they p%y for what they eat. They have an organization 
to arrange their meals, and are perfectly satisfied with much less than they were when 
the school furnished the board and they paid only a fixed sum. Again, in changing to 
the new school, only board beds were provided. The boys were accustomed to the 
warm k'ang and some feared the board would be too cold. 

Because of these changes in custom and the amount of money required of each 
student, the enrollment did not increase. This was expected, and if we are patient it 
will bring good results in the future. 

September marked the opening of the Junior Middle School at Show Yang. 
Thirty boys were enrolled. The prospects are good. As we must keep our standards 
as high as possible, many could not make their work and were forced to drop out. 
Only twenty passed a successful examination. 

The Christian spirit in the school is very good. In November four of the largest 
boys were received into the church by baptism. About the same time forty boys en- 
rolled as inquirers. Some of them are now asking for baptism. It is reported that 
some of the local Chinese are opposed to the middle school, giving as their reason that 
they fear all those doing higher educational work in the county will become Christians 
and the government schools will have to hire Christian teachers. Let us hope that it 
may be true. 

Show Yang Boys' School Report 

Number of teachers 6 

Number of pupils 85 

Number of boarding pupils 85 

Lower primary 40 

Higher primary 21 

Middle school 24 

Number of baptisms 4 

Number of inquirers , . , , 40 

Total locaj receipts ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,.,.,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,,. ,$571.7$ 

j™ e The Missionary Visitor 217 

Show Yang Women's Work 

Mary Schaeffer 

DURING the first part of the year a special effort was put forth to visit the 
boys and girls who were in our schools. This gave us an opportunity to get 
into villages that were never visited before. In all of them we were well 
received and we learned that the boys and girls tell their parents some of what they 
learn in the school, so the message we brought to them was not entirely new and it was 
easier for us to teach them. We visited homes in about thirty different villages. 

Last September we opened a small school for some of our women who wanted to 
read and to study the doctrine. Mrs. Hsing (our Chinese doctor's wife) taught many 
of the classes. This left the afternoons for my Bible woman and me to do visiting 
in the homes. Mrs. Hsing, being a nurse, gave several lessons to the women on how 
to care for their children. 

Many whom we have visited have passed away during the year, making the 
spread of the Gospel all the more urgent, for the time of a life is short, and many 
have not even heard once, to say nothing of hearing often enough to comprehend the 
full force of the Gospel. During the year three women were baptized. 

Women's Hospital Evangelistic Report, 1923 

The evangelistic work in the Women's Hospital is largely done by the Chinese, su- 
pervised by the writer. Our dear Mrs. Kuan, who is one of our oldest Christians, is 
giving most of her time in the ward with the sick and convalescing. In the forenoons, 
after the doctors are through with the dressings, she teaches the women, who are not 
too ill, to read, using the phonetic script. Patients remaining in the hospital for three 
weeks or longer often are able to read very well by the time they leave. Those remain- 
ing for several months go from the phonetic script to the characters and are very happy 
to do so. 

Every afternoon at three o'clock services are conducted in the ward. Singing and 
gospel stories and prayer are taught the patients. Many of the patients learn to sing 
some of the simple songs, and many gospel truths enter their hearts. Many of them go 
out of the hospital with a new light to carry to their homes, both far and near. 

Two bands from the Women's Bible School come to the hospital twice a week to 
conduct services in the ward. This is done to give our student women some practical 
experience in Christian work, and the patients learn to know more of our Christian 
women and what a new life may become. 

The Y. W. band from the Girls' School is being responsible for one service a week. 
These young lives are happy to come to the ward and give testimony of the Christ and 
cheer the patients with their beautiful singing. 

Every evening before the patients retire a short service of song and prayer is held 
and they are committed to the tender care of a loving Father. And so, day after day, 
the knowledge of the Christ is given, by those who have found him, to their sisters who 
are still in darkness, and many go out having found the most precious of gifts, Love. 

Minnie F. Bright. 

218 The Missionary Visito* J™ e 


Note.— No report for publication in this issue has been received, and we are publishing instead 
Chapter 6 of the new Mission Study book just written by Bro. Elgin S. Moyer, professor of missions 
at Bethany Bible School. The book is entitled Our Church Abroad. It is written especially for use in 
Church Schools of Missions, and will be bound in cloth and sold at a price so all can afford to buy it. 
By the time you read this the General Mission Board will probably be able to give more definite 
information concerning the price. 

Planting the Cross in Africa 

LOCATION. Our Africa Mission field is one in a chain of missions extending across 
Africa from coast to coast in the southern advance of the Mohammedan tide. 
Nigeria, a British colony in West Africa, just north of the Gulf of Guinea, a 
country about three times as large as Great Britain and Ireland, is the territory in 
which the Church of the Brethren has chosen to work. Our present mission station 
is located at Garkida, a town in the southeastern part of Northern Nigeria. Garkida 
is one thousand and twenty-six miles from the coast, coming by the way of the railroad. 
Our mission station lies almost due south of Berlin and Rome and east of Panama. 

Size and Population. Relative to the size of the field, Bro. Helser tells us : "We 
found that Biu (a town of considerable importance twenty-six miles west of Garkida) 
was in the south central section of a rectangle one hundred miles wide and three 
hundred miles long, containing approximately one million people, half of whom are 
pagans. In this area there were but two white government officials, no Christian 
missionaries, and no doctors. This rectangle is at the southwest corner of a larger 
area extending eastward one thousand miles or more into French territory, and north- 
ward several hundreds of miles to the Sahara with ten millions of people, and not one 
single Christian missionary. A single tribe to the north numbers nearly one million 
souls." There are about two hundred thousand Bura-speaking people among whom 
we have located. These people had never seen a missionary or heard of Christ before 
the arrival of Helser and Kulp. The density of population in the northern provinces 
of Nigeria is twenty-five, while that of all Africa is only thirteen to the square mile. 

Climate. Our field being only ten degrees and twenty-five minutes of the 
equator, the workers find themselves in the very midst of tropical conditions. Although 
during the cooler season the nights are quite cool, in the middle of the day it becomes 
very hot. The first of November is the beginning of the cooler season, the time of 
opportunity for the missionaries. This more pleasant and favorable season lasts 
until about the first of April, when the spring rains begin. Outside of an annual 
storm, which is of little importance about New Year's time, there is no rain from the 
first of November to the first of April. The rainy season, however, begins in earnest 
about the middle of April or the first of May and lasts for two or three months, at 
the end of which time all the little streams which are dry during the winter become 
raging torrents. Following the wet season real summer weather prevails for several 

Travel and Transportation Facilities in the main are quite primitive in Northern 
Nigeria. In our section burdens are carried largely on donkey back or on the heads 
of men. One man usually carries about sixty pounds, though the men sometimes 
carry much more, covering an average of fifteen miles a day. When the missionaries 
bring in from sixty to one hundred boxes and trunks, and other pieces of baggage, 
it requires quite an army of carriers. Many of the roads are very poor — mere paths 
or trails. But it is the policy of the government to push good roads through the 
country as rapidly as possible. Garkida is on a government road which connects with 
the terminus of the railroad at Jos. When Brethren Helser and Kulp made their 
first trip interior they traveled mostly by foot and horseback from Jos to Garkida. 



The Missionary Visitor 


But the last trip was made in their new Ford. In the Ford they can cover as many 
miles in five hours as they can five days trekking. 

The Niger River, with its tributaries, which is said to be the greatest inland 
commercial water route in Africa, and the few railroads that are in operation, along 
with the roads that have been built and are being improved — all these are tending to 
replace the old primitive and more difficult modes of travel and transportation in 
Nigeria by easier and more modern methods. 

Religions. About two-thirds of Northern Nigeria's nine million people are Moham- 
medans. The other three million are non-Mohammedan pagans. These pagans are 
animistic people, primitively and superstitiously worshiping spirits and fetiches. They 
are quite open to teaching that will lead to higher ideals and a nobler conception of 
God. Both the Mohammedans and the Christians have higher ideals than do these 
pagans. But it is only Christianity that has a Christ and Savior to offer them. 
While Mohammedanism has higher ideals and has but one God, it is a static religion 
and has little of real value to offer. And the Mohammedans are a missionary people, 
seeking to win these pagans to their faith. Herein lies the imperative and immediate 
challenge to the Christian church — to reach these people for Christ before their north- 
ern neighbors gain them for Mohammed. The pagans are comparatively easy to reach' 
when we make proper effort to win them; but when they once become Mohammedans 
they are very hard to touch with the Christian message. The Mohammedans are 
strongly antagonistic to the message and the messengers of Christianity. The workers 

there tell us that there are millions of pagans 

and Mohammedans in our immediate vicin- 
ity in Bornu and to the north who have no 
missionary. In fact, missionaries have been 
kept out of Bornu province by law for a 
thousand years. Thus our workers have 
been admitted only under the power and 
providence of God. 

The Investigating Commission. In the 
fall of 1922, after several years of study and 
wait'ng on the part of the church to open 
work in Africa, the Board appointed H. 
Stover Kulp and Albert D. Helser as an in- 
vestigating commission to go to Northern 
Nigeria to locate a mission for the Church 
of the Brethren. Leaving their wives behind, 
these heroes of the Cross advanced into the 
dark continent. Just before the year 1922 
closed they landed in Southern Nigeria. The 
early weeks of 1923 saw these men by rail, 
by horseback, and by foot, making their way 
interior, seeking the Father's chosen place 
for our church. They left it all with the 
Father and he planned well for them. Bro. 
Helser says : "Our proposals and requests 
were carefully considered, and all were 
granted without exception. This is the most 
certain evidence that we have had that every 
detail is in the hands of God. How carefully 
all this has been timed ! Our Father has 
The king of the walled city of Bauchi, with Deen preparing the hearts of these 
his chief executioner on the right and men , even though many of them are 

another high official of the court on . , , „ 

the left wicked. 

220 The Missionary Visitor J™ c 

The First Service with Natives was held Jan. 21, 1923, with Brethren Helser and 
Kulp, a Mohammedan about forty-five years of age, who had been secured to be 
headman of the thirty or forty carriers in the trekking, and the two servant boys, 
John and Garba, as the entire congregation. John, who had received some training 
in a mission school, read the Scripture in Hausa and interpreted the sermon. These 
two men, John and Garba, and their wives, a little later comprised the first class of 
inquirers in our church in Africa. 

Victory Over Reverses. After a few weeks of trekking and investigating, the 
commission decided upon a certain plot near Biu, in Southern Bornu. At this place 
both water and farming land were good, the people were friendly and the District 
officers received them kindly. Surely this was the place. But since it is the policy 
of the British as much as possible to put all administrative affairs into the hands of 
the native people, it was necessary for the brethren first to consult the native chiefs 
or rulers to get their consent to locate at Biu. Accordingly they met with these chiefs, 
who are all Mohammedans, and presented their request. The natives then withdrew for 
a two-hour conference. When they returned they came with the answer that the 
religion of their fathers was good enough for them and that they could not consent 
to the coming of Christian missionaries among them. This indeed was disappointing. 

The brethren had to make an eight-day trip to the capital of the province to see 
Mr. Palmer, the head officer of the district. Mr. Palmer was rather skeptical, and 
saw fit to do nothing for them. The brethren were not to be lightly turned aside. They 
went to God in earnest prayer. The next day Mr. Palmer sent a letter, setting forth 
the government's position, expressing his doubts as to the advisability in letting the 
missionaries enter. However, he did grant them permission to build at Garkida, 
twenty-six miles east of Biu. 

Finding the Place. The brethren thought it good to go at once to Garkida to 
look over the place. March 8, 1923, the investigating commission reached Garkida. 
They wrote: "Finally we have reached the place where we have been given the 
right to build ; and there are many nice people here." They made their temporary 
abode in a government rest house. Within a very few days they were out prospecting 
for a building site. Two locations were decided upon — one for a house for the Helsers 
and one for the Kulps. 

Building. About a week later the work of building was begun. Regarding the 
ground-breaking occasion, they wrote: "Soon we were on our way with our Bibles 
under our arms to the spot. We wanted to have special consecration for the first 
building of the Church of the Brethren in Africa. It was a most sacred occasion 
for us. We were laying the foundation for the kingdom of Christ in this great land 
of need." Then, after reading from Eph. 2: 14-22 and 2 Cor. 5 :14-6 :10, "We prayed 
that this might be the dawn of a new day for thousands of these precious souls. As 
we arose from our knees the sun was just peeping over the mountains and we were 
in the midst of a new day for all. Each of us took a native digger next and dug the 
two front corners of the house, and in our hearts we prayed that Christ might be our 
Chief Cornerstone and our Sure Foundation." Soon two hundred workmen were 
on the job under the supervision of the missionaries. By the directions and work 
of the missionaries, and the labor of the native workmen, these two large mud houses, 
the future homes of our first missionaries in Africa, rapidly went up. 

Winning the Hearts of the People. Bro. Helser's year of medical training was 
turned to good account from the first. It gave them an access to the people that 
helped to win even the most skeptical. At half-past four each week-day afternoon the 
brethren had a gospel service, after which treatments were given or minor operations 
performed. From a dozen to forty people came each day, some coming as far as 
five days' journey. One day, while Helser was treating patients, one man said to 
another, "God has come to live with us." 

J"" e The Missionary Visitor 221 

Winning the Favor of the Mohammedan King. One day one of the favorite wives 
of the Mohammedan king was run down by a horse and brought in for dead. Bro. 
Helser gave her stimulants and dressed her wounds. She soon regained consciousness 
and later completely recovered. After this experience the king, who had been antag- 
onistic to the missionaries, became more friendly to them and more favorable to their 
work and presence there. 

Sickness in the Ranks. While they were busy building, administering to the needs 
of the people, and making plans for the work, April 19 Bro. Helser took a cold which 
seemed to develop into influenza, and later yellow fever followed. His pulse became 
slower as his fever went up. On the evening of April 25 Bro. Kulp anointed him. 
Bro. Helser was in a serious condition, yet without the presence of a doctor until 
May 20, when it was possible for a government doctor to come and remain for ten 
days. May 30 Bro. Helser was able to sit up for the first time in five and one-half 

Although the original disease had run its course, there remained for weeks a daily 
rise in temperature which caused much concern. Bro. Kulp went with him to the 
Lokoja Hospital, five hundred and fifty miles from the mission station, where he was 
to stay for some time. It was hard to leave the work of the mission, but such seemed 
necessary. After remaining in the hospital for twenty-four days, the government doctor 
advised going to the Jos Highlands for a time. They followed the doctor's advice and 
tarried there until the coming of their wives. We all praise the Lord that Helser was 
saved for the work, and that he is again well and strong. 

A Happy Reunion. Recruits. The brethren were at Jos, near the terminus of the 
railroad, when their wives arrived in the fall of 1923. It was a glad day when these two 
men and their wives w r ere reunited, after almost a year of separation in the Lord's 
work. They soon proceeded interior, to settle in their new homes in the land to 
which they had been called to labor for the Master. They found their houses well 
cared for and in splendid condition, not a thing missing. "Several Mohammedan 
Malams passed, and it seems planned to burn all, but the Father and his Son, the 
Living Christ, kept all." Housekeeping was set up, mission work was resumed and 
prospects looked good. In the early part of 1924 Dr. and Mrs. Homer L. Burke 
arrived at Logos, where Bro. Helser met them, and took them to the mission station. 

Dark Clouds. In the meantime dark clouds began to threaten. One of the chief 
government officials was trying and planning to get the missionaries out of the province. 
Dr. Burke tells how, on their return from the coast, the Lord mightily used Helser at 
the government headquarters in facing the officer and defending His cause, and in 
completely gaining the victory over the enemy. And as had been true time and again, 
the dark clouds passed away and the way again seemed bright and clear. 

A School for the Black Boys. As early as in April, 1923, there came an oppor- 
tunity to begin teaching when the king's son came for instruction. The missionaries 
with their meager knowledge of the language, did the best the could for the boy. But 
because of sickness they soon had to cease their educational endeavors. It was on 
the 17th of December, 1923, when school proper was opened, with an initial enrollment 
of twenty-six boys. There has been a gradual increase in the enrollment, until recently 
there were one hundred and sixty enrolled. They had started on the "self-supporting" 
basis. The boys are admitted on one of three plans : by paying a fee, by bringing an 
equivalent of the fee in provisions, or by working out the equivalent of the fee. All 
boys eat and sleep at home at present. 

Preaching to the People. Although the missionaries were either sick or away from 
the people about half of the time, yet nine months after reaching the field they were 
able to preach and pray in the Bura language. And this has been accomplished in 
a language that as yet has no literature. Bro. Kulp has begun to write Christian 
songs for the natives in their language and to translate the Bible for them. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The School as It Looked the Second Monday We Were Here. Whites: Left, 

standing, A. D. Helser; Sitting, left to right, Ruth Kulp, Marguerite Burke, 

Lola Helser, Homer Burke in front, and Stover Kulp at right 

Healing the People. Bro. Helser says : "The present friendship of the people has 
been established through deeds of love and mercy. The language of love is universal, 
immediate and penetrating. The Lord Jesus is the only One who knows better than 
Bro. Kulp and myself how the medical work has established us with the people as well 
as with government authorities. 

"Just to give you one example : For the past five or six years a young Bura woman 
had a deep running sore just below the thigh. This had prevented her marriage and 
made it appear that a curse was resting on the family. She came to us the first week 
we were in Garkida, and after many months of careful care and some minor surgical 
work, the sore healed entirely. Now she is happily married, the family is free from 
the apparent curse, and for many miles around people will tell you, if you should come 
along, that this woman was healed by the blessings of Christ through his servants." 

• Prospects. "Yes, the prospects are as bright as are the promises of God." This 
young misssion is well started. There are now six missionaries at Garkida. The board 
has appointed six more to go out this fall. If the church provides the necessary funds, 
we will soon have one dozen workers in this big, needy field. Two houses have been 
erected at a cost of one thousand dollars. Other houses will be needed. It is planned 
for at least one more station center soon to be opened. 

Our church has entered this great conquest of Africa for Christ. May she ever 
have that spirit of sacrifice and love for souls that characterized Christ when he was 
on earth, and that is being exemplified in his servants who have begun this work for 
the church in Africa. 

J™ e The Missionary Visitor 223 


J. F. Graybill 

THE year 1923 was one of the most strenuous since we have been in Sweden. We 
met with many discouragements during the year. The only consolation we had 
was in the hope that, "it will be better farther on." 

One new station was opened in the Kjavlinge congregation during the year. This 
has made it possible to change workers at the Olserod mission, which we felt was needed, 
and is even a decided necessity in the work in Sweden. The change seems to work 
good and we hope will continue to be an improvement in the work. 

At Tingsryd the work has been extended by adding a Young People's Society which 
is doing good work. This is a hard place, but we have a good young man stationed 
here. He is doing his best to break the ice at this place. 

The Vanneberga church has had several additions to the fold. In this congregation 
the work is spread over a large territory which makes it very difficult to centralize the 
work. The brother in charge is zealous in the work and is doing what he can with 
the limited talent he has at command. 

At Simrishamn the attendance at church services has increased. Here there is 
no resident minister. The appointments are rilled from Malmo and Olserod, with a visit 
once a month with two or three meetings. 

The selling of the mission house at Limhamn caused the discontinuance of the work 
at that place. The members have access to our services in Malmo by a three mile 
trolley line connection. 

In Malmo we have met with numerous discouragements during 1923. The first was 
to find a place for our work the 1st of April. We finally succeeded in the eleventh 
hour to rent a carpenter shop on the rear of a lot back of a house on a back street. 
This was the best we could find after a long hunt, and we were thankful to have 
a place at all. This was rented for six months with the hope of having our new build- 
ing up and ready for use at this time. But October 1 came before the building was 
nearly done, yet we were required to postpone Sunday-school and preaching services 
only one Sunday until we could get into the Sunday-school room which was ' finished 
in December. 

We were also pushed for living quarters. The delay of the building came near 
making us homeless. Our only resort was a little house with one room in our garden 
in the suburb of the city. Here we lived three weeks while our furniture was stored 
in a room in the new building. Good friends invited us to come and remain with them 
until we could get into our new quarters, but we preferred to live in the garden although 
it was rather cold to live in a temporary house in October. Even when we could get 
into the new building it was rather unpleasant to live in a house that was so far from 
finished. But we did not suffer seriously and we appreciate our new home so much 
the more now. 

The building caused us more trouble than we had anticipated, and this was also the 
case with the cost of building. We shall never forget the experience of 1923 in Sweden 
as long as we have our mental faculties. It was a splendid lesson in faith. 

These difficulties would have been discouragement enough, but in connection with 
this there were difficulties in the church that originated from the time of our furlough 
in 1919 and only culminated in 1923. Even the work in Denmark claimed some of 
our time and responsibility. The year 1923 was a restless year in the work in Sweden 
and caused us much anxiety. 

With the new year has come not a little encouragement. The dedication of our 
new building was a decided success in attendance and spirit. Many were the com- 
pliments and wishes for success in our new home. And we think this will mark a new 
era in the church in Malmo. We are now settled and people know that the Church 


The Missionary Visitor 


of the Brethren means to establish a permanent work in this city. Our attendance 
has increased and all lines of church work have taken on new life. 

The condition of the church in general in Malmo is better and we hope the good 
feeling will continue and even improve, that the work here may be like a city that 
is set on a hill and cannot be hid. And that the work may be to the honor and glory 
of God. 

We preach the Word and are urgent in season and out of season, and continue to 
sow the good seed and pray the Lord of the harvest to give the increase. May we be 
faithful in our calling and not grow weary in well doing. The Lord bless the work 
of the church in the homeland and in all the mission fields. 

Malmo, Sweden, April 7, 1924. 

Financial Report for District Expenses, 1923 


General Mission Board Kr. 24,000.00 

World-Wide Mission Offering 372.17 

Home Mission Offering 305.17 

Pastoral Support 630.67 Kr. 25,308.01 


Five Native Pastors' Support Kr. 10,931.00 

Rents 3,040.80 

Publication 890.00 

Property Expenditures 378.83 

Traveling - 1,459.30 

World Wide Mission 372.17 

Pastoral Support 630.67 

Miscellaneous 469.74 

Cash on Hand 7,135.50 Kr.25,308.01 









3 ■ 




V, to 































































■5 s 


































1 21 11 2l12ni 351 74 




4 1 

2| 11 






1 523 70 




214281 991 34 










|142 30 
1 221 












1 1 11 '1 151 ! 

1 i 

1 1 1 1 21 

1 in 



■ | 4| 4| 4|7271164|115| 85 1 86|1,181| 10| 5| 4| 11 ) 4| 4[ 1|138|1,279.04|2.472.32 




J^ 2 e 4 The Missionary Visitor 225 

Report From Malmo, Sweden 

Ida Buckingham 

DURING the past year our work has been interrupted by moving our place of 
worship twice. Although the first move did not secure us a better place, it was 
only a temporary home until our new church could be used. We rejoice in now 
having a permanent location and a suitable place of worship for the first time in the 
history of the Malmo church. We appreciate our new churchhouse with all its helpful 
facilities all the more for having waited and hoped and prayed for it for such a long 

Our Sunday-school was somewhat affected by our moving but we now have more 
children enrolled than at any time for the past few years. We are located in a section 
of the city where there are many children near our church, and not a few from the 
immediate vicinity have enrolled in our school. At Christmas time twelve of our 
pupils received premiums for regular attendance the past three years. Our facilities 
for Sunday-school work are so much better than we have ever had here, for we now 
have several separate classrooms and our teaching force is also larger, so we earnestly 
hope that all these improvements will soon give visible results in bringing in more chil- 
dren and also in giving them better instruction and winning them for the Lord. We 
sow out the seed trusting that some will fall in good ground and bring forth fruit. 

The juniors meet each week on Tuesday evening for hand work and manual train- 
ing, each session closing with a short devotional service. In this department we can 
also do better work since we have more place and can have the boys and girls in 
separate rooms. Quite a number of street urchins from this neighborhood are inter- 
ested in this work and almost storm the door before opening time. The funds which 
come in through selling their finished work is used in buying materials and for mission 

The junior Bible class, which was organized near the beginning of the year, meets 
each Wednesday evening for Bible study. They have been studying Old Testament his- 
tory which they all find interesting. They continue in this class even after they quit 
attending Sunday-school (which most children do at confirmation age). They also 
have their ways of gathering money which they contribute to various places where 

Our young people's organization has grown during the year, both in numbers and in 
unity. The young people showed their interest in our new church by giving a sub- 
stantial donation to the building fund and in entirely furnishing the library and reading 
room which is kept open for the public four evenings each week. The young folks 
did as much of the work as they could themselves in getting the room in order, and 
show that they have an interest there and feel that it is their room. They have a 
library of over two hundred volumes and have subscribed for a number of good maga- 
zines and papers. Each Friday evening they meet in the library for Bible study and are 
very regular in attendance at this class. They take part in the Sunday evening programs 
and are our hope for the future of the work here. 

At Christmas time, as in previous years, some twenty poor school children were 
clothed from top to toe through funds collected by our young people's society. Their 
sewing circle meets every other week on Monday evening, and through their work 
have been able to give good contributions to the local church expenses and also to 
mission work. The sewing circle for the church meets every other Wednesday evening 
and their funds are donated to the church treasury. 

The prospect for the future of the work is encouraging and we trust that in 
the not far distant future a harvest may be reaped by the church here. Pray with us 
that we may be able, through God's grace, to lead the work aright, and that we may 
be faithful in the place which he has assigned to us. 


The Missionary Visitor 


+j /-v 


cy co 

F s 

w rt 





















en i; 

3 O 














































































U Ih 

Thyland 1 

2| 1| 41451 J I 11 1 | 1 






11 25 


Thyland: . 


Vendsyssel | 

2| 1 | 22| 2| if | | 1| 






3(301 4| 1 



.... 74,00 

I 1| 1| 77|198| 65 1 44| 18| 4|326| 8| 1| 16 Total: Kr. 


Fort Worth, Texas 

W. J. Horner 

LAST June the first D. V. B. S. held by our people in this District was conducted 
here at Fort Worth. Our school interested a number of children from the 
other Sunday-schools in this community. Enrollment, including those present 
three days or more, was 105; and the average attendance for the three weeks was 
68. There were not more than five or six other schools held in the city. We hope 
to have a stronger school this summer, in quality, if not in numbers. In addition to 
this we are endeavoring to build up some definite programs of activities for the 
boys and girls that will continue throughout the year. 

Our Sunday-school attendance averaged fifty-four for 1923 and the work indicates 
growth in quality and more regularity in attendance and interest on the part of 
those enrolled. Excellent programs were given by the Sunday-school at Christmas 
and Easter. 

One of the outstanding features of our work the past year was the three weeks 
of evangelistic services conducted by Bro. J. R. Snyder in January. These meetings 
served to establish and strengthen the membership in the great doctrines of salvation 
through Christ, and through them the church gained favorable impressions where it 
was unknown. Some of the definite results are seen in the eleven baptisms which 
followed. Also others were brought nearer the kingdom. 

April 13 thirty-six participated in the love-feast service. This was more than 
double the number present at any previous similar service since we came to Fort 
Worth, and I can freely say that it was one of the best services of its kind that I 
ever attended. One noticeable touch of sadness was the absence of our faithful 
brother, A. J. Wine, who, because of affliction, has not attended services since Febru- 
ary, and for several weeks has been bedfast, with no hope of recovery. He coura- 
geously and patiently awaits the hour of his departure. 

Prior to our recent baptisms, we had only thirty-two resident members and some 
of those not responsive. Yet our financial report for 1923 shows that $920.22 was 
given for local needs ; $296 of this was invested in a lot for a parsonage, and $92.26 
was raised for missions. 

Last December Bro. Roy Leicht and wife returned from Bethany Bible School 
and are a big help in the work here. 

The past twenty months have enabled us to see some of the larger needs and 
possibilities of this field. Our church is unknown to most of the people in this city 
and State, and to put on the sort of a program that is needed we must have a strong 
group of workers. There is some local talent that can be trained, but it must be re- 

June The Missionary Visitor 227 

inforced by some who come from our strong congregations. I am happy to say that 
I am in correspondence with four of our talented, consecrated young people, who are 
willing to teach school here and help to build up a great church in Fort Worth. The 
superintendent of our public schools manifested a real interest in the names which I 
gave him, and I hope to hear within thirty days that all of the persons are employed 
here. There is room for many more. Come on, young people, and help to establish 
the Church of the Brethren in the great Southwest. 

Another need is a more suitable location to reach those interested throughout 
the city. This suburban community, with its two churches, is a worthy field, but it can- 
not draw the attendance or serve the needs of all those interested. During the past 
year we have become acquainted with a number of excellent people who are in- 
terested in our church. Doubtless they will attend and probably become members when 
once we have the proper location. In March I became acquainted with a man who 
is not a member but comes from good Dunkard ancestry. After attending services 
here for the first time, he said that he would give $500 toward the building when we 
get our location. 

Of course we have our ups and downs and grave problems, but it is more fruitful 
for us to keep our thought and eye en him who leads to certain victory. So, pray 
earnestly that we may be led by the Lord of the harvest. We greatly appreciate the 
wise counsel and hearty encouragement of our supervisor, Bro. Zigler, and most of all 
do we enjoy his helpful visits. 

Just a word about Texas and Fort Worth for those who may not know. The 
total crop production of Texas for 1923 was about 10 per cent greater than that of 
Illinois and Iowa combined, which hold second and third place, respectively. Last 
year's cotton crop, worth $652,080,000, was more than 40 per cent of all produced in 
the United States. Fort Worth has 168,000 people, and has doubled its population 
within seven years. United States government reports show it to be the most health- 
ful city in the South and third in the nation. It is the musical center of the South- 
west, has fifty public schools, twelve private schools, one university, two class A 
colleges, and the biggest seminary in the United States. 

Fruitdale, Alabama 

D. G. Brubaker 

THE Fruitdale congregation was organized April 13, 1896, with thirteen charter 
members. Some of the first members were the Bakers, Zerns and Jordans ; 
a little later came the Wines and Millers, who have remained to the present. 
Bro. J. Z. Jordan is the only charter member remaining. 

The first love feast was held in January, 1897, sixty members communing. Fruit- 
dale had a good start and a large number of people have been baptized. However, as 
we see things, her problem in the past, present and future is to hold her members. 
Our present membership is seventy, forty resident, twenty-five non-resident and three 
transient, wiih an average church attendance, morning service, fifty-three, with an 
average attendance at Sunday-school of fifty-five. The Brethren churchhouse is three- 
fourths of a mile north of Fruitdale. This presented us with a problem, as there 
were no preaching services in the town, and no special work arranged for the young 
people in town. The people would not come to us out in the country. Then we 
planned to go to them. However, to leave our place of worship entirely was a thing 
to which all could not be reconciled. We began holding services in town on Friday 
nights, teaching from the Book of Hebrews, and now we are preaching in the town 
church every Sunday night. The last two services we held the attendance at each 
service was ninety-three and 102. By the time this article is in print we will have 

228 The Missionary Visitor J™* 

a young people's meeting organized. The future of the work appears excellent. In 
the past year we preached 180 sermons, led 196 meetings and taught forty classes. 
We made 910 visits, and baptized ten people. Five of them were received during the 
revival meeting held by Bro. John R. Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa. This meeting was 
held in the union chapel at Fruitdale. The attendance and interest were good. Four- 
teen confessed Christ; five were baptized. Bro. Snyder presented strong gospel mes- 
sages. He left a good and lasting impression with the people. 

What about the outlook? Fruitdale and the adjoining communities are prac- 
tically unoccupied by other churches. The Church of the Brethren is the only church 
that is ministering to Fruitdale. We have the people here, and always will have. 
Our greatest reason for being here is Matt. 28: 19. 

Piney Flats 

Ralph White 

THE church at Piney Flats had its beginning in the Lick Creek or "John A. 
Bowman " church. The old church leaders died off and many of their children 
united with other churches. However, the Brethren church still has a larger 
membership than any other church in the community. This is a farming country, 
and the problems of this church are those of the run-down country church. 

Our first task was to organize a Sunday-school. The average attendance has 
been seventy-two. Sister Minna Heckman assisted in conducting the first vacation 
school in the community. The enrollment was 102, and the average attendance was 
eighty. There are prospects for a good school this year. 

The way in which the community cooperated in repairing the church was very 
encouraging. A new roof was put on, a belfry was built, a bell hung, electric lights 
were installed, a chimney was built, a new stove was put in and the churchyard was 
fenced. Arrangements are being made to paint the church. We are very much in 
need of some more room for Sunday-school. 

During the year twenty were added to the church. Eight of these came at re- 
vivals held near here and twelve have come thus far in the revivals being held here. 
The young people have been very much interested in the work of the organized Sunday- 
school class and in a mission study class. A church library has been started, with a 
demand for books far exceeding the supply. 

We hope to bring this community into contact with other Brethren churches 
by sending a large deputation of young people to the District young people's con- 
ference and by having the District Meeting here next fall. There is a very definite 
work here for the Church of the Brethren to do. It will be a long, hard task, but 
the prospects are just as bright as the promises of God. 

School for Rural Pastors 

BETHANY BIBLE SCHOOL, in cooperation with the Home Department of the 
General Mission Board, assisted by other General Boards, conducted a School 
for Rural Church Leaders at Bethany Bible School, Jan. 31 to Feb. 8. The total 
enrollment was sixty-three. The school met a very vital need, the evidence of which 
was the interest that characterized the entire period. 

Summer Pastors 
During the summer of 1923 seven summer pastors were sent into the field. Harry 
Smith served in Minnesota; Paul Longanecker and Chas. Flory in Missouri; H. C. 
Eller in Virginia ; A. Jay Replogle in Pennsylvania ; Claire Miller in Kansas ; Leslie 
E. Blough in West Virginia. The results of last summer's work were as encouraging 
as in the year 1922. In 1924 a group of students will again be sent out. 

J™5 The Missionary Visitor 229 

Evangelistic Work 

Bro. John R. Snyder served in the Southland, beginning Dec. 29 and finishing April 
20. He conducted evangelistic meetings at eight points, preaching 132 sermons. There 
were seventy-three decisions made. 

Cooperation with District Mission Boards 

During the year $8,161 was appropriated from the funds of the General Mission 
Board to be used in Home Mission work through District Mission Boards. 

Vacation Bible Schools 

During the summer of 1923, in cooperation with the General Sunday School Board, 
Goldie Swartz, missionary from India, and Emmert Stover, son of W. B. Stover, 
visited the churches in Texas and Louisiana, conducting Vacation Bible Schools and 
giving those churches a glimpse of our foreign mission work. 

Greene County Mission 

C. M. Driver 

THIS mission embraces all of Greene County, Va. In the mountain section of this 
county is the Church of the Brethren Industrial School. The school and mission 
are here to meet a real need. 

During the year 1923 we served at our regular appointments at eight different 
churches. Because of great distances and lack of time we conducted only one service 
per month, excepting Evergreen and the school, where two meetings were held 
each month. 

During the year 150 sermons were preached. Through visiting we reached 215 
homes where there were members and 161 non-members. During the year fifty-two 
were baptized and nine reclaimed. Fourteen funerals were conducted during the 
year. Four Sunday-schools were organized. One was not successful, for lack of 
leadership. The attendance at Evergreen, Bacon Hollow and the school averaged 
200 during the summer months. Five vacation schools were conducted with 250 enrolled. 
I believe the vacation schools to be the most effective way to teach the Word of God 
to children. The children get more in two weeks than during the remainder of the 
year in regular Sunday-school work. Plans have been made for vacation schools for 
this summer. Our need is helpers. The great need is that we shall know God and 
to accept Jesus as our Savior. 

In addition to the work of the pastor, there has been much more preaching. Amsey 
Bollinger and Henry Knight, both connected with the school, have preached many 
times and visited many homes. The willingness on the part of these workers has made 
the service of the church far-reaching. 

We are more hopeful for the coming year. 

The Garfield Community Church, Red Cloud, Nebraska 

E. E. Es helm an 

THE past year was one of activity and growth in the Christian work of this 
community. Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Roanoke, Va., held a series of meetings 
last October, which resulted in thirty baptisms, the restoration to fellowship of 
two others and the receiving of four by church letters from an adjoining congregation. 
Those baptized consisted of fifteen young folks, eight adults and seven children. 

Ours is the only church in the community of approximately 375 people, and thus 
becomes the religious and social center. Twenty-two older persons, who united with 
other churches in younger life, have renewed their Christian vows and are actively in- 
terested in the work, supporting it with their interest, attendance and financial help. 
By death and change of location four were removed during the year, making the 

230 The Missionary Visitor $*£* 

number of those actively connected with our work at present eighty-three. A year 
ago it was twenty-nine. 

The services of worship are well attended. Only when the roads are impassable 
by rain or snow does the attendance fall below fifty or sixty. It frequently goes above 
a hundred. The evening services of the second and fourth Sundays of the month 
are supplied by outside talent by our lecture committee. These and other talent filling 
the pulpit reduced the number of sermons preached by the pastor from May 1, 1923, 
to same date of this year to fifty. 

A Vacation Bible School, with an enrollment of thirty-five and an average attend- 
ance of thirty, was held last July. Another is planned for this year. The Sunday- 
school is graded, using the graded lessons from beginners to intermediates. Our young 
people's group is organized and supplies in a good way the social needs of this 
group of the community. The attendance of this class is from twenty to twenty-five 
Sunday mornings, for both Sunday-school and church as well as for evening services. 
They are meeting every two weeks in group meetings for devotional programs. The 
junior group meets at the same hour and place on the other two evenings of the month. 
We badly need more room for such group meetings. The young folks hold a weekly 
social gathering at homes and in the rear room of the church. A fellowship supper, 
old settlers' day, community day, July 4 outing and observance of regular days of the 
church year afford interesting and profitable social gatherings for all groups, both 
old and young. 

The work is organized on the department and committee plan. The departments 
recognized are religious education, missions, evangelism, public services and worship, 
visitation and survey, music, finance, social welfare, physical equipment, publicity and 
young people's. These departments have the committees needed to carry forward the 
work to the best advantage. The aim in the organization is to have as many as pos- 
sible of the members working in the church. The chairmen of the committees con- 
stitute the church Executive Board and Pastors' Council. 

The workers strive to develop a deep spiritual life and strong Christian character 
in all, and to this end bend all activities. We ask your prayers in accomplishing this. 

Industrial School, Va., 1923-24 

A. F. Bollinger 

WE are nearing the close of the second school term of the Church of the 
Brethren Industrial School. Her doors were first opened for school work 
Jan. 2, 1923. These have been beginning years — building years, therefore years 
of strenuous activity and inconveniences; but on the whole, satisfying and full of 
promise for the future. 

We began school before the first building and the power house were completed. 
Since that time has been added a dwelling house, where live the principal's family 
and the boys (the girls' dormitory is in the main building). We have also built a 
spacious barn, a silo, tool shed, garage, and a commissary. We bought two cows, and 
two more were given by kind friends. Natural increase has now brought the number 
of cattle to fifteen. There are four horses and a colt, fourteen hogs, two of which are 
also gifts, and about 200 hens and chicks. 

Our farm manager, Bro. Henry Knight, has had charge of building operations. 
He has been improving the farm by clearing off brush, ditching and fencing. 

The total enrollment of the school last year was ninety-nine, of whom thirty were 
boarding pupils and sixty-nine day pupils. The total enrollment this year is 111, forty- 
five of these being boarding pupils. The day-school children vary in age from 6 to 
24 years. The ages of the boarding pupils range from 4 to 22 years. Seventeen of the 
boarding pupils are wholly or partially dependent on the school. There are many such 
needy children in the mountain hollows whom we could help if we had the money to 

J^ 2 e 4 The Missionary Visitor 231 

do so. Some of these dependent children are contracted to remain in the school until 
they are 18; others for a period of five years, thus enabling them as they grow older 
to pay back by their work on the farm some of the expense they are causing now. 
In our revival meetings, held last October by our pastor, Rev. C. M. Driver, six of the 
boarding children accepted Christ. Nearly all the older children are church members. 

The present school term began Sept. 17. We have four teachers in the school: Mrs. 
Ellen Morris, Miss Nelie Wampler, Mrs. Bollinger, and myself. Mrs. Morris teaches 
grades one and two with an enrollment of thirty-six; Mrs. Bollinger grades three, 
four and five, and assists in the high-school work. The enrollment in this room is thirty- 
four. Miss Wampler has grades six and seven and one high-school subject. This room 
totals twenty-five. I have two years of high-school work, and assist in Mrs. Bol- 
linger's and Miss Wampler's rooms. The high-school enrollment is sixteen. 

The school day begins at 9 A. M. with a chapel period. This work includes 
singing, worship, Bible stories, Bible teaching, and talks on character building. This 
is one of the richest periods of the day, and one that the children enjoy. The rest 
of the day is occupied by regular school work, a Bible class and a sewing class. We 
plan to stress the industrial type of work more as we are able to take care of it. 

At the beginning of this year we organized a literary society, which holds meet- 
ings biweekly. This gives opportunity for some much-needed expressional work on 
the part of the pupils. 

The school day is over at 3 P. M. After that the boarding children go to their 
assigned tasks of sweeping the schoolrooms, getting meals, washing, making garden, 
or working on the farm until supper time. This is real practical experience for them. 
They learn cooking under our capable cook, Mrs. Maggie Miller. They also get ex- 
perience in doing the hundred and one different things that must be done on every 
farm. The children are allowed the nominal sum of five cents per hour for their work. 
This enables the paying students to earn a part of their expenses, and this is the 
basis upon which the earning power of the dependent children is based. After supper 
the children have a play hour and then a study period. 

We have Sunday-school each Sunday afternoon, preaching twice a month, and 
young people's meeting twice a month. The ministers also preach at other points in 
the county. April 13 we organized a Sunday-school in Mutton Hollow, about three 
and one-half miles from the school. Workers from the school will teach in this Sunday- 

The clothing that is sent to the school is used for the dependent children and the 
surplus is sold to the people of the community, the proceeds being used for the school. 
The articles made by the sewing class also are disposed of through the clothing bureau. 

Most of the children in our school are old for their grade, because they have had 
very few opportunities to go to school. Many of the children are from 17 to 20 years 
old by the time they finish the seventh grade. We have children of 12 years in the 
first and second grades, 15-year-olds in the third grade, and the same ratios on through 
the grades. 

We wish to thank the many friends who have contributed to the work in the 
past, and trust that we may have your continued prayers and help. 

Broadwater, Missouri 

E. R. Fisher 

THE past year can not be characterized by any outstanding facts in the work 
of the church here. There has been a radical change in the community because 
of many moving out and others moving in from farther south. A number of 
our members have left, and this has hurt the work of the church some. A year ago 
we had forty-eight resident members here. Today we have thirty-five. So many 
leaving has cut a big hole in the church attendance. This has tended to discourage 

232 The Missionary Visitor -^ 

the workers remaining. The winter was unusually hard in respect to bad roads and 
rough weather, which cut the church attendance. 

The opening of spring brought new life to the Sunday-school and church. The Sun- 
day-school attendance has doubled. The loss of members has been in part helped 
by the attendance of many of the newcomers in the community. While most of these 
come from other churches, we feel encouraged that they are finding a church home 
with us and that we seem to have gained their confidence. We feel that we can de- 
pend upon them for help, both morally and financially, in church work. 

We think the year has seen some definite gains in the spiritual life of the people. 
There are evidences of the growth of a better spirit in the community and of improved 
living on the part of many people. A program of keeping the Lord's Day better has 
been in progress. The storekeepers agreed to sell nothing on Sunday, and although this 
promise has not been kept entirely, there is not the selling going on as before. There 
is seen a gradual growth in a desire for community betterment. 

Two have been baptized since last March. The growth in church giving has 
been nearly 400 per cent. The church interior has been redecorated and the money 
is on hand to build a new foundation as soon as possible. Money was raised to pay the 
rent of the parsonage for one year. Over $300 was given to the General Mission 
Board. Some have stood by the work with heroic faithfulness, and others have sacri- 
ficed for the good of the work. We have had good cooperation from the members. 
This has helped make the work go better. 

We are planning a Daily Vacation School again this summer. We hope for a 
still better record and results from this one. We expect to have a special evangelistic 
campaign this fall. Such a campaign is so much a matter of course in the South that 
it is difficult to get any other conception of conversion. The results of the campaign 
will be lessened, in that many who might be expected to bear fruit of the past year's 
work have moved. This means that we will have to get others acquainted with our 
church, for many who have come in are unacquainted with our people. 

There is a big place to work here. No other denomination is making any con- 
sistent, permanent efforts. This is purely a rural community. A few denominations 
come in and work a little and then leave. The few denominations here have a non- 
resident ministry or part-time ministry. None of the churches are doing anything, 
but are merely holding their own, and in most cases hardly that. There is real work 
to do, and a need of fostering genuine religion. This is our task — to foster and de- 
velop religious life in our own members and others ; to lead others to see that strong 
Christian character will be found only in faithful adherence to the principles of Jesus 
Christ, and to lead the unsaved to Christ. 

J^ 4 e The Missionary Visitor 233 


Of the General Mission Board 
of the 
Church of the Brethren 
For the Year Ended Feb/29, 1924 
1. Mission Income and Expense 

Balances, March 1, 1923— 

India funds (Account Xo. 6) $ 21,711.75 

China funds (Account Xo. 7) 34.856.13 

Sweden Churchhouse fund 2,608.54 

Denmark Churchhouse fund 1.250.91 $ 60,427.33 

Less World Wide fund deficit 32.917.22 $27,510.11 

Income — 

World Wide- 
Contributions reported in Visitor $129,257.13 

Forward Movement— 1922 (Account Xo. 4f) . . 8.444.60 
Bequests and Lapsed Annuities (Account Xo. 

16) 10.417.17 

Xet from Investments (Account Xo. 15) 24784.57 $172,903.47 

India Mission (Account Xo. 6) 42,351.79 

China Mission (Account Xo. 7) 40.100.12 

Sweden Mission (Account Xo. 8) 1,140.84 

Denmark Mission (Account Xo. 9) 1,071.21 

So. China Mission (Account Xo. 10) 695.75 

Africa Mission (Account Xo. 11) 7.101.02 

Home Missions (Account Xo. 12) 15,561.71 

Memo : — 

From living donors 241.883.10 

From other sources 39.042.81 

Total Mission Income $280,925.91 

Deficit, February 29, 1924— 

World Wide Missions 40,836.67 

Less balances — 

India funds (Account Xo. 6) 20,828.10 

China funds (Account Xo. 7) 1.891.98 

Denmark Churchhouse fund 1.297.78 24,017.86 16,818.81 


Expense — 

Publications (Account Xo. 13) $ 8.596.29 

General Expenses (Account Xo. 14) 20,292.57 $ 28,888.86 

India Mission (Account Xo. 6) 135,648.93 

China Mission (Account Xo. 7) 90,070.59 

Swedish Mission (Account Xo. 8) 13.899.05 

Denmark Mission (Account Xo. 9) 4.693.84 

So. China Mission (Account Xo. 10) 2,291.84 

Africa Mission (Account Xo. 11) 9.398.00 

Home Missions (Account Xo. 12) 40.363.72 

Total Mission Expense $325,254.83 



The Missionary Visitor 
2. Endowment and Annuity Funds 


World Wide Endowment- 
Balance, March 1, 1923 .... 

Receipts — 

63637 $ 5.25 

64111 779.46 

64882 -707.64 

66521 $ 100.00 

70612 200.00 

71449 1,000.00 

Total new funds 

Transfer from Endowment Annuities, death lapses 

Less transfer 

Balance, February 29, 1924 
b. Endowment Annuities — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 
Receipts — 


$ 5,000.00 































J -71 









$ 100.00 









71064 1,000.00 



71803 2,000.00 

Total new funds 





Less transfer to World Wide Endowment — death lapses $ 26,650.00 
Less surrender of bond for missions 1,300.00 

Balance, February 29, 1924 ... 

c. Mission Annuities 

Balance, March 1, 1923 

Receipts — 

63573 $ 2,000.00 

63586 1,000.00 

63855 500.00 

63984 100.00 

63985 1,000.00 

64335 876.50 

64677 1,000.00 






J-57 $15,300.00 

66090 11,000.00 






Total new funds 

Less transfer to Account No. 16 — death lapses 

Less refund 

Less surrender of bond for missions 






Balance, February 29, 1924 


J ££, e 4 The Missionary Visitor 235 

I. Gospel Messenger Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 16,506.56 

;. India Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1923. no increase 6,459.00 

China Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 2,350.00 

I. Ministerial and Missionary Relief-Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1923. no increase 10.00 

1. H. H. Rohrer Memorial Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 1,000.00 

Gish Estate Endowment — 

Balance. March 1, 1923. no increase 56,667.08 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 2,050.00 

Receipts 950.00 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 3,000.00 

3. Relief Funds 

i. Ministerial and Missionary Relief — 

Balance, March 1. 1923 $26,555.58 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement — 1922 (Account Xo. 4f) $ 145.75 

Forward Movement— 1923 (Account Xo. 4g) 2,300.00 

Brethren Publishing House (Account Xo. 17) 2,567.55 

Gish Estate— 20% of Income (Account Xo. 15 680.00 5,693.30 

Expenditures — 

In assistance to ministers or their widows 10,366.90 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $21,881.98 

b. Denmark Poor Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 3,542.67 

Receipts — none 

Expenditures — 

Relief to needy in our Denmark Mission 392.03 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 3,150.64 

c. General Relief and Reconstruction — 

Balance. March 1, 1923 $ 880.05 

Receipts — 

Xear East Relief— reported in "Visitor" $ 8,194.16 

Armenian Relief — reported in "Visitor" 538.19 

Smyrna Relief— reported in " Visitor " 102.09 

Russian Relief — reported in "Visitor" 151.04 

Japan Relief— reported in " Visitor " 3,749.60 

German Relief— reported in "Visitor" 1,162.86 

General Relief— reported in "Visitor" 321.59 14,219.53 


Expenditures — 

Remitted through Xear East Relief, Xew York 

Xear East, Armenian & Smvrna receipts 

above $ 8.834.44 

236 The Missionary Visitor {™ e 

Remitted through American Friends, Philadel- 
phia — 

Russian and Japan receipts above $ 3,900.64 

From General Relief — 

For Russian Relief 274.22 

For Japan Relief , 885.00 5,059.86 

Distributed by Maynard Cassady — 

In German Relief 1,162.86 

Expenses of committee 3.32 15,060.48 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 39.10 

d. India Leper Fund — 

Receipts — reported in Visitor $ 3.63 

Expenditures — to our India Mission 3.63 

4. Miscellaneous Funds 

a. Student Loan Fund — 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " $ 207.76 

Forward Movement— 1922 (Account No. 4f ) . . 146.05 

Forward Movement— 1923 (Account No. 4g) . . 2,100.00 $ 2.453.81 

Expenditures — 

Loans to students 1,450.00 

Less deficit, March 1, 1923 532.43 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 471.38 

b. Stover Lecture Foundation — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 536.37 

Receipts, Interest from investments 60.50 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 596.87 

c. Gish Testament Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 13.96 

No receipts, no expenditures. 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 13.96 

d. Gish Publishing Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 782.76 

Receipts — 

By sale of books $ 645.97 

Gish Estate— 80% of income (Account No. 15) 2,720.02 3,365.99 

Expenditures — 

Cost of books sold 2,072.55 

Committee's expenses 10.04 2,082.59 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 2,066.16 

\™£ The Missionary Visitor 237 

e. Church Extension Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 11,796.21 

Receipts — 

Interest on loans $ 79.42 

Forward Movement— 1923 (Account No. 4g) . . 4,600.00 4,679.42 


Expenditures — 

Loss on Garfield, Colo, loan 708.60 

Balance, February 29. 1924 $ 15,767.03 

f. Forward Movement — 1922 — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 5,774.42 

Receipts — reported in "Visitor" 8,419.11 

$ 14,193.53 
Expenditures — 

To General Mission Board — 

For World Wide Missions (Account No. 1) $ 8,444.60 
For Ministerial & Missionary Relief (Ac- 
count No. 3a) 145.75 

For Student Loan Fund (Account No. 4a) 146.05 $ 8,736.40 

To General Educational Board 4,443.01 

General Sunday School Board 506.33 

General Christian Workers' Board 200.00 

Music Committee 91.03 

Temperance & Purity Committee 42.07 

Homeless Children Committee 53.58 

Dress Reform Committee 70.48 

American Bible Society 50.63 14.193.53 

Forward Movement — 1923 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor — 

For general fund $ 48,961.07 

For designated purposes 172.56 $ 49,133.63 

Expenditures — 

Expenses of Movement — 

Literature and general printing $ 851.98 

Miscellaneous 3.00 

Office stationery and supplies 26.25 

Postage 230.93 

Salaries 1,175.00 

Traveling expense 162.81 

Office rent 50.00 2,499.97 

Advances to Boards and Committees — 
To General Mission Board — 
for Ministerial & Missionary Relief (Ac- 
count No. 3a) 2,300.00 

for Student Loan Fund (Account No. 4a) 2,100.00 
for Church Extension Fund (Account No. 

4e) 4.600.00 9,000.00 

238 The Missionary Visitor j££ e 

To General Educational Board 12,000.00 

General Sunday School Board 8,500.00 

General Ministerial Board 3,600.00 

Music Committee 450.00 

Homeless Children Committee 330.00 

Dress Reform Committee 600.00 

American Bible Society 420.00 

Designated paid over 172.56 37,572.53 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 11,561.10 

Conference Budget— 1924 

Receipts — as reported in "Visitor" $ 348.65 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 348.65 

Brooklyn Italian Church Building — 

Balance, March 1, 1923 $ 16,431.27 

Receipts — as reported in "Visitor" 4,126.38 

Balance, February 29, 1924 $ 20,557.65 

Miscellaneous Missions — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Philippines — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Porto Rico — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Arab Work- 
Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

So. America — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase ... 

New England — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Southern Native White — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Australia — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Colored Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Colored Mission Industrial — 

Balance, March 1, 1923, no increase 

Oakland Church Building — 

Receipts — reported in "Visitor" 

Expenditures — remitted to No. Calif. Treas. 

Mexican Industrial School — 

Receipts — reported in "Visitor" 

Expenditures — remitted to Falfurrias, Tex. 

Total of balances, February 29, 1924 $ 2,118.47 










J™ e The Missionary Visitor 239 

5. Balance Sheet as of February 29, 1924 


Current Assets — 

Cash in office $ 300.00 

Cash in bank 14,932.05 $ 15,232.05 

Short term commercial loans 40,170.83 

Advances to foreign treasurers — 

To India treasurer, unspent 22,269.06 

To China treasurer, unspent 24,001.20 

To Sweden treasurer, unspent 3,488.02 

To Denmark treasurer, unspent 858.44 

To Africa treasurer, unspent 8,693.06 59,309.78 

Accounts Receivable — 

Foreign bills, advances, paid 3,170.82 

Income special deficit 4,068.05 

Missionary supporters' deficit (Account Xo. 19) 8,187.19 15,426.06 $130,138.72 

Investments for Endowments and Annuities — 

First farm mortgage loans 1,376,770.29 

Brethren Publishing House — 

Original investment 50,000.00 

Balance due on real estate 29,465.22 79,465.22 


Church Extension bills receivable 14.526.28 

Contingent Investments receivable 109,340.43 


Current Funds — 

Mission Reserve for advances $ 70,322.08 

Relief Funds — 

Ministerial and Missionary (Account No. 3a) $ 21,881.98 

Denmark (Account No. 3b) 3,150.64 

General Relief and Reconstruction (Account 

No. 3c) 39.10 25,071.72 

Miscellaneous — 

Student Loan Fund (Account No. 4a) 471.38 

Stover Lecture Foundation (Account No. 4b) 596.87 

Gish Testament Fund (Account No. 4c) 13.96 

Gish Publishing Fund (Account No. 4d) 2.066.16 

Forward Movement — 1923 (Account No. 4g) .. 11,561.10 

Forward Movement — 1924 (Account No. 4h) . . 348.65 
Brooklyn Italian Church Fund (Account No. 

4i) 20,557.65 

Miscellaneous missions (Account No. 4j) 2.118.47 37,734.24 

Notes payable 15,000.00 

Foreign transmission certificates 1,387.92 

Less missions deficit (Account No. 1) 16,818.81 $132,697.15 


The Missionary Visitor 


Endowments and Annuities — 

World Wide Mission endowment (Account No. 2a) 

Endowment Annuity bonds (Account No. 2b) 

Mission Annuity bonds (Account No. 2c) 

India Mission endowment (Account No. 2e) 

China Mission endowment (Account No. 2f) 

Ministerial and Missionary relief endowment (Ac- 
count No. 2g) 

Rohrer Memorial endowment (Account No. 2h) . . 
" Gospel Messenger " endowment (Account No. 2d) 

Gish Estate endowment (Account No. 2i) 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund (Account No. 2j) .. 

Church Extension Fund (Account No. 4e) 

Contingent Agreements 














6. India Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1923— 

Rhodes Memorial Fund 

Quinter Memorial Hospital 

India School Dormitories Fund 

India Village Church Fund 

Anklesvar Churchhouse Fund . 
India Boarding School Buildings 
Ross Auto Fund 




$ 21,711.75 

Receipts — 

Contributions — reported in "Visitor" — 

Student Fellowship— 1921 $ 286.90 

Foreign Missions i}/ 2 ) 2,414.80 

India general donations 2,620.74 

India Native Workers 1497.31 

India Boarding Schools 2,104.19 

India Share Plan 5,922.18 

Rosa Kaylor Memorial 5.00 

Quinter Memorial Hospital 95.00 

Palghar Hospital Building 382.91 

India Hospitals 31.53 

India Widows' Home 19.49 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19) 

Endowment income (Account No. 15) — 

India general endowment 387.54 

Rohrer Memorial 60.00 

Rhodes Memorial .39 

Bequests (Account No. 16) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 






The Missionary Visitor 


Expenditures — 

American Missionaries — 


Medical expenses 

Special Training 

Furlough expenses ... 

Sending to Field 

Doctors' literature ... 
Cont. to National 

Christian Council of 


Unclassified expense . 

Total expense from 
home office 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses on Field (Op- 
erating expenses) — 

Ahwa — 
Boys' Boarding ....$ 1,347.20 

Evangelistic 3,702.38 

Girls' Boarding 801.85 

Medical 196.79 

Property expense ... 267.67 
Women's Work .... 352.48 

Anklesvar — 

Evangelistic 3,641.76 

Farm 24.00 

Girls' Boarding 4,973.31 

Industrial School ... 122.90 

Property Expense .. 658.38 

Women's Work .... 628.26 

Bulsar — 

Boys' Boarding 



Industrial School . . , 




Property Expense . 


Women's Work 


Dahanu — 

Boys' Boarding 




Girls' Boarding 


Medical , 


Property Expense .. 


Women's Work 


Jalalpor — 



Girls' Boarding 


Property Expense .. 


Women's Work 



Boys' Boarding 181.34 

Evangelistic 1,378.33 

Property Expense .. 24.79 

Women's Work .... 24.54 


Boys' Boarding 4,036.71 

Evangelistic 1,809.97 

Industrial School ... 42.15 

Medical 158.86 

Property Expense .. 481.07 

Women's Work .... 224.39 

Baby Home 817.19 


Boys' Boarding 1,255.28 

Evangelistic 1,618.68 

Girls' Boarding .... 1,437.00 

Property Expense . . 214.46 

Women's Work 386.11 

Medical 368.83 


Boys* Boarding 4,668.63 

Evangelistic 3,621.33 

Girls' Boarding 3,385.82 

Industrial School .. 295.98 

Medical 21.27 

Property Expense . . 611.56 

Women's Work 580.56 

Administration office 393.13 

Baby Home 210.68 

Furloughs 3,211.53 

Children's Miasioner ^6.55 

$ 38,226.23 


$ 43,917.87 










Landour Prop. Exp. 274.82 

Language School . . . 986.03 
Children, rent and 

travel 572.77 

Publishing 588.50 

Social Welfare 754.96 

Training 3,823.22 

Vacations 1,599.12 

Widows' Home 294.88 

Medical 154.50 

Building Repairs ... 827.98 13,958.70 

Total Annual Budget 


New Property (new 

land, buildings and 

equipment) — 
Ahwa — 

Bungalow No. 2 $ 2,499.82 

Native Quarters .... 200.00 

Servants' Quarters 997.82 

Workers' Quarters . 797.17 $ 4,494.81 
Anklesvar — 

Fence 419.88 

Girls' Boarding Cot- 
tage 1,907.68 

Native Quarters 1,796.21 

Toilets 200.00 

Workers' Quarters 1,499.42 

Woodhouse 100.00 

$ 85,052.71 

Bulsar — 

Medical Building ... 
Palghar — 

Boys' Boarding Bldg. 



Less adjustment on 
Bungalow & Serv- 
ants' Quar 1,248.73 


Bungalow No. 2 .... 3,752.12 

Fence 85.00 


Fence 25.00 

Miscellaneous 8.83 

Teachers' line 1,500.00 

Workers' Quarters . 865.00 


Girls' Boarding Bldg. 1,620.83 

Girls' Boarding Bldg. 930.48 

Workers' Quarters . 400.00 


Native Quarters 284.19 

Stable 300.00 








General — 
Land and Grading .. 
Heavy Furniture 

Total new property 
projects completed 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 

Less the same last 

Actual New Proper- 
ty expenditures ... 

Total gross India 
Mission Expenses 

Gain in exchange — 
On Annual Budget 


On New Property 

Write-off Reserve for 
Missipn Advances 

600.92 2,637.12 





$ 20,331.91 


$ 5,369.88 







The Missionary Visitor 



Total India Mission expense . 

Balances, February 29, 1924— 

Rhodes Memorial Fund 

Quinter Memorial Hospital . . 
India School Dormitory Fund 
India Village Church Fund . . 

Anklesvar Church Fund 

Ross Auto Fund 

7. China Mission Fund 




Balances, March 1, 1923— 

China general fund $ 31,216.87 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building 813.00 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund 678.98 

Liao Chou Memorial Church 1,747.28 

Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory 400.00 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

Student Fellowship Fund— 1922 $ 4,433.60 

Foreign Missions (y 2 ) 2,414.80 

China general donations 1,713.60 

China Native Worker 675.89 

China Boys' School 312.75 

China Girls' School 448.96 

China Share Plan 2,492.35 

Liao Chou Hospital Bed Fund 75.00 

Ping Ting Hospital 116.66 

China Hospitals 202.50 

Ping Ting Hospital Bed Fund 210.50 

Liao Chou Hospital 173.45 13,270.06 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19) 
Endowment income (Account No. 15) 

Bequests (Account No. 16) 

Refund China Famine advances 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

$ 34,856.13 

Expenditures — : 

American Missionaries — 

Medical expenses ... 

Special training 

Furlough expenses . 

Sending to Field . . . 

Doctors' literature . . 

Cont. to National 
Christian Council 
of China 

School debts 

To Calgary Confer- 

Unclassified expenses 

Total expenses from 

home office 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses on Field (Op- 
erating expenses) 
Liao Chou — 

Rent $ 118.32 

Repairs 226.50 


















100.00 $ 7,221 


Boys' School 

Girls' School 

Mens' Evangelistic . 

Women's Evangelis- 


Language Teachers . 

Chinese Business 



$ 91,962.57 


Ping Ting- 










5 Boys' School 

Girls' School 

Men's Evangelistic 
Women's Evangelis- 


Language Teachers . 


Chinese Business 




The Miss 




ionary Visitor 


City Land Fund 

Electric plant (bal.) 

Cemetery wall 

Hospital laundry 


Miscellaneous build- 
ing balances 

Ford auto & acces- 









Boys' School 

Girls' School 

Men's Evangelistic . 
Women's Evangelis- 

Boys' School Bldg. . 
Boys' School heating 

Language Teachers . 

Chinese Quarters .. 

Ladies' Sleeping 


Tai Yuan Fu— 


Men's Evangelistic . 
Language Teachers . 

General — 
Building apparatus 
Fire extinguishers .. 
Tientsin property (1-3 


No. China Language 

Schl. Bldg 

Treasurer's office 

Agency Hire 

Inter- furloughs 

Language School ... 



Total New Property 

Builder's Expenses . 


Men's Bible School . 

Women's Bible 


projects completed . 
Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 












150.00 12,278.10 





Total Annual Budget 


New Property (new 
land, buildings and 
equipment) — 
Liao Chou — 
Moving Boys' Schl. 

wall $ 

Ford auto 

Boys' Schl. equip- 

Miscellaneous build- 
ing balances 



200.83 $ 1,315.71 

Ping Ting- 
Hospital beds 1998.77 

Residence No. 2 .... 5,000.00 
Boys' Industrial 

Total China Mission Expense 

Balances, February 29, 1924 — 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund 

Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory 

582.0lLess the same last 

Actual New Property 


Loss in exchange — 

On Supports 

On Annual Budget 


On New Property 

Gross India Mission 

Write-off Reserve for 
Mission advances .. 

8. Sweden Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1923— 

Sweden Churchhouse Fund . . .-. 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 



$ 25,243.98 
1,120.62 4,985.15 



$ 90,070.59 

$ 90,070.59 

400.00 1,891.98 


$ 91,962.57 

$ 2.608.54 


$ 13,899.05 


The Missionary Visitof 


Expenditures — 

Support American 

166.33 $ 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses on Field (op- 
erating expenses) — 
Malmo — 

Native preachers ...$ 
House and hall rent 


Traveling expense .. 


Simrishamn — 
Hall rent 


Traveling expense . . 


Limhamn — 
Native preachers . . . 
Property expense .. 
Traveling expense . . 



Native preachers ... 
House and hall rent 
Property expense . . 
Traveling expense .. 






Native preachers ... 


Property expense ... 
2,248.77 Traveling expense .. 

Tingsryd — 
Native preachers ... 
House and hall rent 
Traveling expense .. 

Kjavlinge — 
Native^ preachers ... 
Traveling expense .. 

Total Annual Budget 


New Property — 

Help on new Malmo 
church building . . 

Total gross Sweden 
Mission Expenses .. 
Gain in exchange . . . 
Write-off Reserve 
for Mission Ad- 

Total Sweden Mission Expenses 









$ 16.49 

$ 4,416.77 


$ 14,165.54 


$ 13,899.05 

$ 13,899.05 

9. Denmark Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1923— 

Denmark Churchhouse Fund ^... 


Contributions reported in "Visitor' 
Missionary Supports (Account No. 
Part sale Sindal House 


$ 24.34 



$ 1,250.91 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 


$ 5,991.62 


Support of American 
Worker and Family 

Annual Budget Ex- 
pense on Field (op- 
erating expenses) — 

Native pastor 

General Evangelistic 


Property Expense .. 

$ 1,340.00 







2,059.15 Loss on H o r d u m 


Total gross Denmark 
Mission Expense ... 

Less gain in ex- 
change — 
On Annual Budget 


On New Property .. 

Write-off Reserve 

for Mission A d - 

Total Annual Budget 


New Property — 

Part cost of Thy 


Total Denmark Mission Expense 
Balance, February 29, 1924— 

Denmark Churchhouse Fund 

$ 4,693.84 


$ 5,991.62 

JgJJ The Missionary Visitor 

10. South China Mission Fund 

Contributions reported in "Visitor" 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

Expenditures — 

Supports — 

American worker 

and family (part 

year) $ 700.00 

Native pastor 360.00 $ 1,060.00 

New Workers to field 999.25 
Native pastor's ex- 
penses 175.00 

Loss in exchange ... 57.59 

$ 2,291.84 

Total South China Mission Expense 



$ 695.75 

$ 2,291.84 

$ 2,291.84 

11. Africa Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in "Visitor" 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19) 

Bequests (Account No. 16) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

Expenditures — 

American Mission- 
Supports $ 706.64 

Special training 1,120.03 

Sending to field 2,311.36 

School debts 125.00 $ 4.263.03 

Exploring and Mission 

1922 exploring par- 
Expenses in Lagos .$ 60.08 

Equipment for in- 
terior 56.49 

Travel exp. to in- 
terior 699.89 

Food & provisions 
for interior 63.50 

Interpreter and help 61.26 

Miscellaneous 9.28 950.50 

At Garkida— 
Food and provisions 92.03 

Total Africa Mission Expense 

$ 4,718.14 



$ 7,101.02 

$ 9,398.00 

Evangelistic supplies 
Evangelistic help .. 

General help 

Miscellaneous help .. 









Transp., food, etc. re- 
turn to Lagos 

Mission party to in- 


Equip. party to in- 

Medical attendance .. 

New Property — 

Two dwellings 

Medical Equipment 


Total gross Africa 

Mission Expense ... 

Less gain in exchange 


$ 9,398.00 


$ 9,398.00 

246 The Missionary Visitor 

12. Home Mission Fund 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

Aid Societies' Home Fund $ 13,172.39 

Home Missions 1,228.90 

Greene Co., Va. Mission 1,070.42 $ 15,471.71 

Bequests (Account No. 16) 90.00 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 



$ 15,561.71 

$ 40,363.72 

Expenditures — 

Aid to Districts — 

Greene Co., Va. Mis- 

No. 111. & Wis.— 

sion — 

Douglas Park, Chi- 

Property — 

$ 1,000.00 

Parsonage (balance) 
School Bldg. (bal- 

$ 2,000.00 

Rice Lake. Wis. . 

Okla., Pan. Tex. & 




Dwelling material ..$ 
Dwelling labor 


Middle Missouri 


S. W. Mo. and N. 

W. Ark 


Barn material 


S. E. Kansas 


Barn labor 



Idaho & W. Mont. . 


Florida (Sebring re- 





Fire escape (part) .. 


Second W. Virginia 


Well redrilling 



502 92 



Total property 

$ 14,981.52 

Turkey Creek Cong., 

Operating School — 


100.00 $ 

8,161.69 Teaching and help .. 
School supplies 


Summer Pastorates — 

School equipment .. 


Goshen, W. Va 

$ 225.00 

Culinary department 


Malmo, Minn 


Deepwater, Mo 




Less income, board, 
room & tuition ... 


Chanute, Kans 


Birdville, Pa 

Lynchburg, Va 

236.97 $ 

l,651.420perating farm- 



Southland — 



Pastorate at Fort 



Worth, Texas, 


Feed, fertilizer & 

Pastorate at Broad- 



water, Mo 


Farm Supplies 


Pastorate at Fruit- 

Farm equipment 



Pastorate at Piney 


Flats, Tenn 


Less income, prod- 

D. V. B. S. work ... 


uce sold 



Traveling evangelist 

164.44 $ 


General — 


Overseer, etc 


Red Cloud, Nebr.— 

Fire insurance 




756.98 Interest on borrowed 

Contribution to 



Home Mission 




300.00 Community pastor .. 



Advisory council ex- 

pense, etc 

22.98Total Greene Co. Mis- 

$ 1,079.96 

sion Expense 

Total Home Mission Expense 

$ 40,363.72 


$ 40,363.72 

£*J e The Missionary Visitor 247 

13. Publications Expense 

Missionary Visitor — 

Binding files $ 40.20 

Illustrating 294.52 

Miscellaneous 34.53 

Printing and mailing 7,140.27 


Less paid subscriptions 76.45 $ 7,433.07 

Missionary Education — 

Booklets, leaflets, etc $ 1.054.65 

Conference Exhibit 17.98 

General Missionary Books, etc 69.68 

Contribution to Missionary Education Movement 95.00 
Contribution & Subscriptions to Missionary Re- 
view of World 84.37 

Miscellaneous 23.18 

Stereopticon and slides 81.61 


Less sales, General Missionary books $92.19 

Less sales, Mission Study books 32.36 

Less sales, Mission Study Certificates 45.45 

Less sales, stereopticons and slides 93.25 263.25 1,163.22 $ 8,596.29 

14. General Expenses 

Salaries $ 13,264.28 

Traveling Expense — 

Board meetings $ 574.41 

General office traveling 409.74 

Home Mission Secretary 764.30 

Missionaries on deputation 693.12 

Secretaries to Annual Conference 177.10 

Special traveling 267.36 2,886.03 

General Office Expense — 

Auditing books $ 230.48 

Fidelity bonds 55.00 

Legal services 5.00 

Medical examinations 57.50 

Contribution to Committee of Reference & Counsel 300.00 

Miscellaneous 103.44 

Office equipment 727.24 

Office stationery 571.22 

Office supplies 159.06 

Postage 995.10 

Telephone and Telegraph 138.22 

Office rent (Account No. 17) 800.00 4,142.26 $ 20,292.57 

15. Investment Income and Expense 

Receipts — 

Interest received from — 

Farm mortgage loans $ 69,688.71 

Government bonds 415.33 

Short term loans 785.94 

Local bank balances 962.90 

Foreign bank balances 863.54 $ 72,716.42 

Brethren Publishing House (Account No. 17) 10,270.20 $ 82,986.62 


The Missionary Visitor 


Expenditures — 

Annuities paid 

Endowment income transferred — 

India Mission Fund (Account No. 6) $ 447.93 

China Mission Fund (Account No. 7) 141.00 

Gish Estate to Publishing Fund (Account No. 

£'.' 4d) . 2,720.02 

Gish Estate to Minis. & Missy. Relief Fund 

(Account No. 3a) 680.00 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial to Income Special 132.50 
" Gospel Messenger " to, B. P. H. (Account No. 

17) 990.39 

Rhodes — special annuity 371.59 

Expense Endowment — 

Nursing — U. Swihart contract 827.50 

Miscellaneous taxes, etc 86.23 

Title examinations 105.00 

Recording fees 19.95 

Wenger taxes 156.34 

Interest paid on borrowed money 379.76 

Book and Tract Work — 

Publication of tracts 479.95 

Mailing of tracts 15.1 5 

Missionary publications 326.53 

Gospel Messenger distribution 417.00 

Rebates on endowment 157.88 


Less tracts paid for 59.20 


Less contributions 2.00 

Net income to World Wide Fund (Account No. 1) 

$ 49,808.53 



24,784.57 $ 82,986.62 


16. Bequests and Lapsed Annuities 

63513 (W. W. F.)..$ 60.00 

65934 (W. W. F.). 

$ 4.00 

63702 (W. W. F.).. 500.42 

66358 (W. W. F.). 


64086 (W. W. F.).. 260.00 

66401 ( W. W. F.) . 


64291 (India) 70.00 

67179 (Foreign) . 


65649 (W. W. F.).. 42.50 

67879 (India) .... 


65656 (W. W. F.).. 904.00 

68155 (W. W. F.). 


65677 (W. W. F.).. 90.00 

68983 (W. W. F.) . 


65677 (Foreign) .. 90.00 

69633 (W. W. F.) . 


65677 (China) .... 90.00 

70322 (W. W. F.). 


65677 (Home) .... 90.00 

70785 (W. W. F.) . 


J. 57 (W. W. F.) . . 1,100.00 

71478 (Africa) . . . 


Total bequests 

$ 7,060.05 

Lapsed Annuities (W. W. F.) 

md (Account No. 1) 

4,100.00 $ 11,160.05 

>enditures — 

Transferred to World Wide Fi 

$ 10,417.17 

Transferred to India Mission 

Fund (Account No. 



Transferred to China Mission 

Fund (Account No. 


Transferred to Africa Mission 

Fund (Account No. 



Transferred to Home Mission 

Fund (Account No. 

12) ,„.,..,,..............:;. 

...... . .......... . . . ; 

90.00 11,1?50.P5 



The Missionary Visitor 


17. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

1922-23 earnings, 6% on investment 

Payment on real estate contract 

Rent charged to expenses (Account No. 14) 

Income " Gospel Messenger " endowment (Ac- 
count No. 15) 

Expenditures — 

Transfer to B. P. H. investment 

Office rental paid over 

"Gospel Messenger" endowment paid over 

20% of earnings to Minis. & Missy. Relief (Ac- 
count No. 3a) 

Bal. legal expenses, securing exemption from fed- 
eral taxes 

To Investment Income (Account No. 15) 

$ 13,800.00 



990.39 $ 36,673.76 

$ 21,083.37 


10,270.20 $ 36,673.76 

18. Church Extension Bills Receivable 

Balance — 

Loans, March 1, 1923 

Loans made — 

To Oakland, California 

Loans paid — 

West Lebanon, Indiana (balance) 

Loss credited on Garfield, Colo, loan 

Cash on Garfield Church sold 

Freeport, Illinois (balance) 

Oklahoma City, Okla 

Loss credited on Turkey Creek, Mo. loan 
Bartlesville, Okla 

Balance — 

Loans, February 29, 1924 

$ 11,536.00 


$ 16,786.00 

$ 52.00 

$ 2,259.72 


$ 16,786.00 

19. Missionary Supports 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor (credited to sup- 
porting accounts 

Expenditures — 

Supports as charged to supporting accounts — 

To India Mission Fund (Account No. 6) $ 26,313.81 

To China Mission Fund (Account No. 7) 24,066.67 

To Sweden Mission Fund (Account No. 8) 1,100.00 

To Denmark Mission Fund (Account No. 9) .. 1,000.00 

To So. China Mission Fund (Account No. 10) 651.67 

To Africa Mission Fund (Account No. 11) .... 2,100.00 

$ 55,992.30 

Deficit, March 1, 1923 


Deficit, February 29, 1924 

$ 8,187.19 


The Missionary Visitor 



Mission Board Treasury Statement 

The following shows the condition of mission 
finances on April 30th, 1924: 

Income since March 1, 1924, $39,675.23 

Income same period last year, 47,226.14 

Decrease, $ 7,550.91 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1924, 7,246.86 

Outgo over income same period last year, 6,305.13 

Increase outgo over income, $ 941.73 

Mission deficit April 30, 1924, 24,065.67 

Mission deficit March 31, 1924, 19,202.74 

Increase in deficit, $ 4,862.93 

Tract Distribution. During the month of March 
the Board sent out 6,148 tracts. 

Correction No. 1. See May 1924 " Visitor ' — 
Under World Wide, $20 credited to G. N. Falken- 
stein (Elizabethtown, E. Pa.) was sent to us in error 
and has been refunded. 

Correction No. 2. See May, 1924 " Visitor ' — 
Under India Boarding School, contribution of Y. P. 
Assn. of Astoria, So. 111., $15 has since been cor- 
rectly designated for Near East Relief. 

Correction No. 3. See April, 1924 " Visitor "— 
Under World Wide, of the $146.59 contribution of 
So. Waterloo, No. la., there has since been desig- 
nated $15 for support of A. S. B. Miller and $15 
for support of Jennie B. Miller. 

Correction No. 4. With permission of the District 
of Northern Iowa, Minnesota and So. Dakota, the 
sum of $450 left over from the support of Anna V. 
Blough (deceased), has been transferred to World 
Wide Missions. 

Alabama— $10.00 

Cong.: Mrs. A. Buck, (Fruitdale) $ 10 00 

California— $43.86 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. R. Brubaker (M. N.) 
(Live Oak) $.50; S. S.: Modesto, $16.36; 
Indv.: D. S. Musselman, $5.00 21 86 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. R. Trimmer 
(Long Beach) $2.00; E. O. Heiny & Family 

(Santa Ana) $20.00 22 00 

Canada— $10.00 

S.S. : Irricana 10 00 

Illinois— $239.63 

No. Dist., Cong.: Dixon, $7.31; Mrs. Ruth 
Steck (Naperville) $1.00; No. 72358 (Polo) 
$50.00; S. S.: Dixon, $42.40; Sterling, $10.27; 
Polo, $40.00; Bethany (Chicago) $80.54 231 52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, 8 11 

Indiana— $352.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Loon Creek, $87 00; So. 
Whitley, $6.11; Burnettsville, $39.66 132 77 

No. Dist., Cong.: First So. Bend, $134.32; 
Auburn, $13.68; Pleasant Valley, $33.00; Wil- 
bur Stroup (Berrien) $8.30; Indv.: Elsie Fin- 
ley, $5.00 194 30 

So. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove $10.00; Ko- 
komo, $5.00; Leo H. Milller (Ladoga) $5.00; 
W. H. Friend (Anderson) $1.00; I. R. Beery 
(M. N.) (Pyrmont) $.50; S. S. : Arcadia $4.09 25 59 
Iowa— $36.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Jonh Whitmer & Wife 

(Curlew), 36 00 

Kansas— $67.81 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Washington, 12 76 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: N. Albin (Maple 
Grove) $5.00; Indv.: Alson Durkee, $2.00.... 7 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Verdigris, $6.00; F. E. 
Strohm (M. N.) (Mont Ida) $.50; Indv.: Mrs. 
Henry N. Miller, $2.50 9 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Newton, $30.00; S. S. : 
Old People's Class "In memory of Mrs. 

Eliz. Harnly", McPherson, $9.05 39 05 

Maryland — $120.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bush Creek, $20.00; 
Washington City, $70.00; S. S.: Washington 
City. $30.00 120 00 

Michigan— $46.00 

Cong.: Harlan, $31.00; Wilbur Stroup 
(Berrien) $5.00; Mrs. Alia Emrick (New 
Haven) $5.00; Indv.: Mrs. Harry D. Carmer, 

$5.00 46 00 

Minnesota— $1.17 

Cong.: Mrs. W. A. Myers (Monticello), .. 1 17 

Missouri — $57.10 

Mid. Dist., A. C. Brubaker (Kansas City) 
$25.00; I. L. Ellenberger & Wife (So. War- 
rensburg) $5.00; Elda Gauss (Centerview) 
$5.00; Indv.: Mrs. Mitchell J. Graham, $4.60 39 60 

No. Dist., Cong.: Eld. J. S. Kline (No. 
St. Joseph) $10.00; Mrs. Bessie Lynch (No. 

St. Joseph) $2.50 12 50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Louisa Shaw 

(Mountain Grove), 5 00 

Nebraska— $10.p0 

Cong.: Susa'n Roelfsz (Alvo), 10 00 

New Jersey — $2.00 

Indv.: Louisa Burris 2 00 

North Dakota— $2.75 

Indv.: M. Snowberger 2 75 

Ohio— $914.88 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Goshen, $93.00; Akron 
City, $49.83; Canton Center, $14.00; Richland, 
$10.80; Floyd M. Irvin (Canton City) $10.00; 
A. I. Heestand (M. N.) (W. Nimishillen) 
$.50; Lydia E. Mason (Bethel) $5.00; S. S.: 
Class No. 9, Black River, $4.00; Cleveland, 

$9.28; Woodworth, $7.08, 203 49 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Defiance Mission 
(Poplar Ridge) $15.55; S. S.: Sugar Creek, 

$4.47; Dupont (Blanchard) $15.26 35 28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middle District, $24.40; 
Trotwood, $453.65, Castine, $20.00; W. Day- 
ton, $97.72; A Brother (Ft. McKinley) $10.00; 
S. S.: Bethel (Salem) $45.34; "Loyalty" 

Class, W. Charleston, $25.00 676 11 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Aid Soc. : Big Creek, 5 00 

Oregon— $13.05 
Cong.: Newberg, $7.05; C. A. Robinson & 

Wife (Portland) $6.00 13 05 

Pennsylvania— $679.74 

E. Dist., Cong.: Annville, $38.00; Rich- 
land, $61.00; Mountville, $46.58; W. Green 
Tree, $92.45; Chiques, $128.82; Lake Ridge, 
$10.00; White Oak, 89.80; No. 72612 (Rich- 
land) $10.00; Mrs. John Nodecker (Lake 
Ridge) $5.00; D. M. Stroudt (Spring Creek) 
$1.00; S. S.: Ephrata, $24.41; E. Fairview, 
$16.35; E. Petersburg, $20.00; Conewago, 

$20.00; Mingo, $20.00 583 41 

Mid Dist., Cong.: Mary A. Kinsey (Dun- 
nings Creek) $10.00; Scott Johnson (Roaring 
Spring) $1.00; Ada White, (Lewistown) 
$10.00; Susan Rouzer, (Dunnings Creek) 
$5.00; John Bennett (Artemas) $10.00; S. S.: 

Maitland (Dry Valley) $4.50 40 50 

So. Dist., Cong: Brandts (Back Creek) 
$6.40; Krissinger Sisters (Lost Creek) $5.00; 
Indv. : Mrs. Mattie F. Hollinger, $1.00 .... 12 40 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $6.38; W. C. 
Weigley (Geiger) $1.00; J. Clark Brilhart 
(Montgomery) $10.40; S. S.: Adult Bibie 
Class, Cumberland, $5.00; Rayman (Broth- 
ersvalley) $13.40; Jr. Mission Study Class, 

Mt. Pleasant, $2.25; Geiger, $5.00, 43 43 

Tennessee — $5.00 

Cong.: Meadow Branch 5 00 

Texas— $275.00 

Cong.: Eld. Samuel Badger & Wife (Man- 
vel) $250.00; Indv.: W. A. Foster, $25.00. ... 275 00 
Virginia— $82.07 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Eva Hinegardner 
(Midland) $6.00; E. E. Blough (M. N.) 
(Manassas) $.50; Indv.: F. N. Weimer, $15.00 21 50 

First Dist., Cong.: Frankie Showalter 
(Troutville) $10.00; S. S.: Pleasant View 
(Chestnut Grove) $17 02 27 02 


The Missionary Visitor 


No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Run (Cooks 
Creek) $3.81; Harrisonburg, $12.00; S. S. : 
Salem, $14.49 30 30 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bettie E. Caricofe (Bea- 
ver Creek) $.50; Mattie V. Caricofe (Beaver 
Creek) $50; M. D. Hess (Bridgewater) $25.. 1 25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 

son) 2 00 

Washington— $21.65 

Cong.: Tacoma, $3.00; L. E. Ulrich (M. N.) 
(Wenatchee) $.50; S. S. : Forest Center, 

$6.15; Indv.: May Gans, $12.00, 2165 

West Virginia— $41.05 

First Dist., Cong: Furnace Chapel, $8.05; 
Indv.: Mrs. Effie Abe, $3.00 11 05 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Mary F. Miller, 30 00 

Wisconsin— $12.50 

Cong.: White Rapids, 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 3,048 92 

Total previously reported, 00 

Correction No. 4, 450 00 

$ 3 498 92 
Corrections No. 1 and No. 3 ' 50 00 

Total for the year $ 3,448.92 


Arizona— $13.44 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 13 44 

California— $52.48 

No. Dist., Cong.: La ton, $8.45; S. S. : Pat- 
terson, $18.54, 26 99 

So. Dist., Cong.: Orrell & Edna Frantz 
(Pasadena) $10.00; S. S.: Hermosa Beach, 

$15.49, 25 49 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Eva Heagley Hurst, 10 00 

Idaho— $13.55 

S. S.: Emmett, $10.00; Nezperce, $3.55,.... 13 55 

Illinois— $167.67 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $1.75; S. S.: 
Rockford, $6.50; Hastings St. (Chicago) 
$18 72; Elgin, $34.76; Chinese (Chicago) $5.10; 
Pine Creek, $6.86; Franklin Grove, $66.37... 140 06 

So. Dist., Cong.: Belle Huber (Girard) 
$2.00; S. S.: "Signal Light" Class. Astoria, 
$5.00; LaMotte Prairie, $12.00; Centennial 

(Okaw) $8.61 27 61 

Indiana— $196.11 

Mid Dist., Cong.: Santa Fe, $6.19; Monti- 
cello, $10.00; S. S.: Delphi, $18.53; Santa Fe, 
$3 81; Pipe Creek. $17.50; Beaver Creek, 
$30.00; Markle, $2.00, 88 03 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $18.24; Cedar 
Lake, $2.90 19 14 

So. Dist., S. S.: Anderson. $60.00; Middle- 
town, $.61; White, $4.73; Indianapolis, $23.60 88 94 
Iowa— $41.37 

Mid Dist., S. S.: Des Moines, $10.00; Des 
Moines Valley, $14.05, 24 05 

No. Dist., S. S.: Sheldon, 3 07 

So. Dist., S. S.: Salem, $6.53; Franklin, 

$7.72, 14 25 

Kansas— $85.63 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ottawa. $10.82; Abi- 
lene, $5.04; S. S.: Buckeye, $2.50; Richland 
Center, $10.97; Washington Creek, $7.07,.... 36 40 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: White Rock 8 73 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Fannie Stevens & Mrs. 
Wonn, $3.00; S. S. : Osage, $4.50, 7 50 

S. W. Dist., S. S.; Miami, $9.00; Larned 

City, $24.00, 33 00 

Louisiana — $10.15 

S. S.: Roanoke 10 15 

Maryland— $111.95 

E. Dist., Cong.: Westminster (Meadow 
Branch) $10.60; Piney Creek, $3.77; 
Green Hill, $3.31; S. S.: Union Bridge (Pipe 
Creek) $3.70; Westminster (Meadow Branch) 
$60.57, 81 95 

Mid Dist., S. S. : Longmeadow (Beaver 

Creek) 30 00 

Michigan— $12.35 

Cong.: Beaverton, $5.00; S. S. : Shepherd, 
$7.35, 12 35 

Minnesota— $2.72 

S. S. : Bethel, 2 72 

Missouri— $38.91 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Mineral Creek, 25 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Bethel (Bethel), .... 10 25 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 3 66 

Nebraska— $6.81 

S. S.: So. Beatrice 6 81 

North Dakota— $23.67 

Cong.: Turtle Mountain, $4.00; S. S. : . •■- 

Union (James River) $15.47; Minot, $4.20 .. 23 67 

Ohio— $184.69 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 72446 (Black River) 
$25.00; S. S.: Owl Creek, $6.00; Hartville, 
$13.60; Springfield, $7.25; Baltic, $18.00; Para- 
dise (Wooster) $2.75; Zion Hill, $20.67 93 27 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove (Silver 
Creek) $26.75; S. S.: Sugar Creek, $5.17; 
Fairview, $5.50; Lick Creek, $7.00; Toledo, 
$5.91 50.33 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $12.88; 
H. S. & Minnie Chalfant (Pittsburg) $10.00; 
S. S.: Painter Creek, $13.21; Aid Soc: 

Wheatville, (Upper Twin) $5.00 4109 

Oklahoma— $20.00 

Indv.: Sarah Latimer 20 00 

Oregon— $18.40 

Cong.: Grants Pass, $7.15; S. S. Ashland, 

$11.25 18 40 

Pennsylvania — $354.92 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bellwood, $30.05; S. S. : 
Rockhill (Aughwick) $3.40; James Creek, 
$2.00; Curryville (Woodbury) $7.87; Tyrone, 
$12.50; Clover Creek, $3.09 58 91 

So. Dist., S. S.: New Fairview, $5.76; 
Price's (Antietam) $47.27; Three Springs 
(Perry) $5.27 58 30 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Pottstown, $5G.00; 
Brooklyn, $10.00; S. S.: First Philadelphia, 
$21.00; Norristown, $24.79; Brooklyn, $34.08.. 139 87 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $15.65; C. B. 
Spicher (Rockton) $.75; S. S.: Mt. Joy 
(Jacobs Creek) $29.45; Diamondville (Manor) 
$6.78; Glade Run, $28.21; Rockton, $7.00; 
Maple Grove (Johnstown) $5.00; Aid Soc: 

Penn Run, $5.00, 97 84 

Virginia— $107.93 

E. Dist., S. S.: Oakton (Fairfax) 23 62 

First Dist., S. S.: Lynchburg 8 80 

No. Dist., S. S.: Newport (Mt. Zion) 
$10.45; Timberville, $9.11; Aid Soc: Linville 
Creek, $25.00, 44 56 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Vernon, $6.46; S. S.: 
Mt. Vernon, $6.68; Forest Chapel (Barren 
Ridge) $10.00, 23 14 

So. Dist., S. S.: Topeco, 7 81 

Washington — $5.00 

Cong.: W. H. Slabaugh (Wenatchee), .... 5 00 

West Virginia— $31.40 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver RuRn, $6.40; 
W. W. Bane & Wife (Beaver Run) $25.00... 31 40 

Wisconsin — $6.65 

Cong.: White Rapids, $2.59; S. S.: Chip- 
pewa Valley, $4.06, 6 65 

Total for the month, $ 1,515 80 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year $ 1,515.80 

Illinois— $53.50 

No. Dist., Students and Faculty of Beth- 
any Bible School, $20.50; Students and Fac- 
ulty of Mt. Morris College, $33.00 53 50 

Kansas— $50.00 

S. W. Dist., Students & Faculty of Mc- 
Pherson College 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 103 50 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 103 50 


California — $34.27 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, $13.27; Pomona, 
$8.50; Pasadena, $12.50, 34 27 


The Missionary Visitor 


Colorado— $12.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc. : Antioch 

Idaho— $15.00 

Aid Soc: Bowmont, 

Illinois— $46.00 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Indiana— $475.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, $40.00; Flora, 

No. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Iowa— $340.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 

No. Dist. Aid Societies 

Kansas— $239.30 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies, ; 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: White Rock, $5.00; 
Maple Grove, $15.00, 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 

Michigan — $44.00 

Aid Societies, 

Ohio— $83.80 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies, 

N. W. Dist. Aid Societies 

Pennsylvania — $745.00 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, $100.00; Shady 
Grove (Falling Spring) $40.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Brooklyn, 

W. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Virginia— $28.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Midland, 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc : Barren Ridge 

12 00 

15 00 

46 00 

75 00 
400 00 

100 00 
240 00 

100 00 

20 00 
119 30 

44 00 

43 80 
40 00 

140 00 

5 00 

600 00 

13 00 
15 00 

Total for the month $ 2,062.37 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year $ 2,062 37 

Illinois— $1.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Seig Reed (Camp Creek), 1 00 

Michigan— $5.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Harry D. Carmer, 5 00 

Missouri— $41.00